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The St. Charles herald. [volume] (Hahnville, La.) 1873-1993, July 21, 1917, Image 4

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INCREASE IN PORK PRODUCTION DEMANDED
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GILTS.
YEARLING
FARMERS INSPECTIN
CFrom the United States Department of
Agriculture.)
The Imperative need for an abund
ant food supply this year demands an
Increase in pork production. All the
agricultural authorities unite in de
claring that the live-stock holdings of
farmers already are too low and that
they must not be reduced further in
order to obtain greater yields of staple
crops. Fortunately this is not neces
sary. Iiog raising can be extended in
many sections of the country where
it is now of little Importance, and the
total supply of human food increased
accordingly.
At the present time a large part of
.,mr pork comes from the few states
In the corn belt, where it is the com
mon belief that hog raisers possess ad
vantages that farmers in other sec
:»5ons lack. This, however, is not alto
g'-tlmr true. The South, the East and
the extreme West possess advantages
.if their own. and there is no reason
x by the Industry should not be devel
open'Ml extensively In those regions.
The Sout h has an abundance of veg
etation. C'owpeas, soy beans, velvet
beans, and peanuts are leguminous
crops which do well then 1 and have
great value In pig raising. Corn
grows rapidly in all parts of the
South, and in the subtropical sections
the experience of feeders with cassava
Indicates that It has considerable value
for pork production. In addition, there
j
GROW GRAIN SORGHUM
Dne Means of Increasing Food
Supply Needed Just Now.
Kafir, Milo and Feterita Are Well
Adapted to Dryer Sections of
Southwest—Excellent Feed
to Fatten Cattle.
{Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Grain sorghums, Including kafir,
milo and feterita, furnish one of the
best opportunities in the dryer sec
tions of the Southwest for Increasing
the production of food In America this
year. Although the grains from these
•crops have not come into general use
for food purposes, they have consider
able food value and may be made Into
palatable dishes when ground In mills
or at home. However, those grains
have come Into wide use for feeding
livestock, and It is In this way that
»they probably will be most useful this
year. Their increased use as feeds
would release for use as human food
large quantities of the more common
grains now fed to animals.
Because the section in which grain
sorghums may be grown to best advan
tage is also the most important cattle
raising section in the country, farm
* o**s growing the sorghums can combine
profitably the growing of those grains
and the feeding of live stock. Most
• of the cattle now raised in the grain
sorghum growing country are shippo»l
to the com belt for fattening on corn.
The sorghum grains which, because
of their relative newness, nre more
difficult to market than corn, therefore
are left largely unused In the regions
of production and must be held until
the supplies of corn have been used
tip In large part, when the demand for
feed grains draws them Into the mar
ket. If the growers of grain sorghums
will plan to carry more cattle this sea
son and to fatten them on home-grown
grain Instead of shipping them to the
wirn belt to be finished, no difficulty
will be experienced In marketing the
sorghum grains. A ready market for
nil the moat that can be produced this
is
a
year is assured.
The sorghum grains make good stock
■feed, having about 90 per cent the feed
lng value of com. When these grains
ran he produced or bought for less
than 90 per cent of the cost of corn. It
Is more profitable to feed them than to
feed com. The fattening of cattle and
other stock In the grain sorghum belt
Is made the more profitable by the fact
that this region Is close to the source
of cottonseed meal one of the most
nutritive protein concentrates for the
feeding ration.
The third type of feed needed for
The efficient fattening of stock—succu
'lent material—may be produced by en
siling the grain sorghums when the
grain is In the hard dough stage. This
«dinge is as high In food value as corn
silage.
Stock raising farmers In the sor
ghum belt should plant a targe enough
acreage to supply an abundance of
pain and silage.
Is generally an abundant water supply,
the climate is mild, and there is a
long period in which green feed is
available. These conditions, which
also lessen the expense of shelter and
winter feeding, permit a long period of
pasture and outdoor life.
Hitherto, where corn has been cheap
and abundant, it has been used so ex
tensively for feeding to hogs that
there is a widespread notion that it i9
the best feed. Investigations, however,
have shown that it has Its disadvan
tages ns well as its advantages. When
It Is the exclusive grain feed, breed
ing stock are not ns prolific as on a
varied ration, and for fattening pur
poses an exclusive corn diet is not
generally profitable. The bog is natur*
j ally a heavy and promiscuous enter.
He thrives best where pastures are
plentiful and grain crops, nuts, or
roots are most abundant. He must
have water at all times, and shelter
in winter. If these conditions are met,
hog raising can be made profitable out
side of the corn belt as well as in it.
Keep Turkeys Separated.
If two turkey hens make nests near
together, it Is often best to separate
them, because otherwise both hens are
likely to leave the nests with the
poults of the first hatch, and the egg3
which are »lue to hatcli later will be
spoiled.
CARE F0R f^L mrlements
Kec,) Bolts on Binders Tight by Going
Over Machine Often—Have Ac
cessories Handy.
(By H. F. KIDDER. Louisiana Experi
ment Station.)
The life of the average farm Imple
ment is too short. Grain binders last
only four »>r five years on the average,
while rice binders will perform their
functions just one or two years. Most
everyone has seen binders fifteen
years old still doing good work. Why?
Simply because care has been given
them. All bolts k»'pt tightened by
going over the machine twice a day or
even more frequently Is an excellent
thing. Further, the operator must be
able to run his machine and keep a
sharp lookout for loose parts. Jolting
will, in time, loosen nuts unless thvy
nre set.
Robbing one implement for another
is had practice. Farm laborers will
invariably do this unless strict orders
have been given to the contrary. A
small room equipped with extra bolts,
nuts and other accessories Is a neces
sity. By giving attention even to the
simplest of machines, its life will be
prolonged, and the longer one can use
a machine the greater lias been Its
earning capacity.
PROGRESS OF VELVET BEANS
Crop Makes Rapid Strides Once They
Begin to Make Vines—Harvest
Very Late in Season.
(By W. R. DODSON. Louisiana Experi
ment Station.)
Velvet beans should not, as a rule,
l>e planted before the middle of June.
They are slow In starting to grow, hut
make rapid progress once they begin
to make vines,
planted In rows wider
legumes; five to six-foot rows giv«
satisfactory results, with the beanä
two feet apart In the row.
Velvet beans should be harvested as
late In the season ns will permit of
the completion of the harvest before
frost. The vines continue to grow
until frost kills them. If they are not
harvested before they are frosted, then
it is better to leave them until they
are thoroughly killed and dried In the
field and pasture them.
Thev are generally
üum othe p
_ ...qq, w cod UflDQPQ
WATER SUPPLY FUR HUHStS
of
Working Animals Should Have Op
portunlty of Drinking at Least
Fiva Times During Day.
Three times a day Is not enough to
water live stock. They should have,
especially in hot weather, an oppor
tunity of drinking at least five times
dally—before each meal, and at in
tervals of 2H to three hoars apart
between meals.
The animal that works In hot
weather on a five or six hour stretch
without water suffers Intensely from
thirst. Frequent watering prevents
water colic and other ill effects.
Never allow 7 the animal to drink
when rery hot. Always force him
under such conditions to drink a Ufc
tie at a time until satisfied*
THE NEW
GOVERNESS
j
1
Ey Katherine Howe
/ :•:•
* : : :
CCopj right. 1317, by W. G. Chapman.!
Mrs. Warren was deliirhtia! with the
.lew governess. Kl sie and Jack were
certainly net the easiest proimsitu'n to
handle. Jack, the eldest, a hoy of nine
years, was self-willed and hot tein
pered, and Elsie, two yc
was obstinate, and hot!
erably spoiled. A suce
; iiis junior,
•ere consid
ion of gov
ernesses bad come and gone in various
states of dissatisfaction or disgust, so
when the blue-eyed, soft-spoken little
Russian applied for the position Mrs.
Warren caught at her as a drowning
man does at a straw.
Sophie Torsky had gentle, well-bred
manners, and her French was irre
proachable, and Mrs. Warren reasoned
that if the children got only a smut
tering of these two desirable ncoom
plishments it was better than a state
of complete ignorance.
As was to be expected there were at
first, for two or three days, faint
sounds of insurrection in the lesson
room, hut after that things moved with
surprising smoothness. Mrs. Warren
was so surprised she determined to
see liow it was done. She fourni that
Miss Torsky had love, patience and
firmness. She seemed to love tin* cliil
dren, and had gained their confidence.
"It seems almost too good to be
true," said Mrs. Warren to lier brother
one »'veiling when be bad run down to
the country for a week-end with her.
"Wliv. it's wonderful, the way she
manages those children.
John Bayard looked at his sister
with a quizzical smile. He felt like
«k
- -
m
m
Ox
lYVy
ms.
m
n
y :
A
222
&
K
n
Overheard the Excited Voice of Miss
Torsky.
saying that in face of th® fact that
they had never been managed at all, j
something like n Judicious effort in !
that direction was very likely to pro
duce good results.
"She\s rather pretty, too," went on
Mrs. Warren. "She has thq loveliest
complexion, just pink and white. I>ut
you'll see her at dinner. And I warn
you. John, don't you dare to fall in
love with her !"
John's smile this time was rather
more weary than quizzical. He was a
man of about thirty-five, with a clear
cut strong face, not handsome but
wholesome and reliable. He leaned
back in his chair, and said in a bored
way: "Elsie, I'm Just about as tired
of hearing that advice as you must
be of giving it. Anyone would think j
I was about the most susceptible boob
on earth."
"Oh, no, John; it's just because
you're not susceptible that I'm afraid
it would go hard with you if you did
fall in love. You see, you're no longer
a boy, and the measles always are a
bit dangerous with grown-ups."
"Don't worry," was Bayard's laconic
response.
Perhaps If Mrs. Warren had not
been so anxious about it, the very
thing she had feared might not have
happened. But she saw by Monday
morning it ha»L When her brother
started for the train, he announced
that he intended to be out again the
following Saturday. This was so uu
expected and unheard of, John's visits
generally being weeks, and even
months apart, that Mrs. Warren at
once divined the cause. Her first Im
pulse was to dismiss Miss Torsky. But
no, that was not to be thought of;
there were the children getting along
so finely, and, besides, if John had
fallen In love with the girl, nothing on
earth would stop him. So Mrs. War
ren decided she must let matters take
their course.
Sophie Torsky, on her part, seemed
quite oblivious to the fact that she
was a storm center. Perhaps she
talked a little more than usual when
Bayard came; bet that may have been
because the ideas he expressed called
Otit
j kind
1 Bayar
finie
!
j
k response of iter own.
as well infortiied and had an
I thot'irlit whiclt came out in a
f fearlessness which delighted
and egged him on. Site seemed
different from any other woman to
him. 1'erhaps she was, and ]>erli:tps it
was only something different in him
that found response in her.
When Mrs. Warren discovered that
iter opposition would effect nothing,
site wisely determined, to make the best
of it. After all, her brother's happi
ness was the important thing, and she
had no fault to tlnd with Miss Torsky.
so for lier brother's sake she decided
to help matters along, and to let the
girl see that site favored the alliance.
O : IMonday morning Bayaril ap
peared at the breakfast table, pale
and haggard. When he started to
leave, he told his sister he might not
be out again for some time. She at
once divined what had happened, and
1
!
:
!
,
;
j
j
;
|
|
!
.
j
drew it from him. He had been re
fused by Sophie Torsky. In amaze
ment. Mrs. Warren asked him if the
girl had given any reason.
"Reason!" he cried. "Does a man
ask for a reason? Isn't it enough to
know, when he offers a woman his
whole life, that she iloes not want it,
that she does not love him?"
Mrs. Warren could give no answer
to this. She pressed his hand, and
kissed him in tender sympathy, watch
ing his going with an aching heart.
One day a young man called to see
the governess. From his name and
appearance, Mrs. Warren at once
judged he was a musician. When he
had called three or four times at short
intervals, she felt sure she had fourni
the cause for her brother's dismissal.
The young Russian was evidently the
successful suitor. She wrote to her
brother, telling him of her discovery.
Sh<* now meant to cure him if she
could.
A tall, thick hedge separated the
vegetable garden from the ornamental
grounds about tlie place. And late in
the afternoon Mrs. Warren, who to» '
a liveiv interest in the growin
I
i
,
!
;
'
!
!
of •
! nor saiaus
. sill** of till
i Miss Torsky.
ovoriieard from the other
hedge the excited voice of
" she »xclaiined. "A
not believe he is P'.ur
"It is a lit*
cruel lie ! I di
___
j letter had the opposite effect, and
! brought John Bayard speedily on the
ried !"
"Suppose I can prove it to you. What
then?" asked a man. whose voie»- she
recognized as the Russian's.
"I do not care ! I should have to j
see with my ow n eyes, before 1 would
believe !" she said with inttmse feeling.
"Oh, I know," he answered with a
sneering inflection, "you must have
trusted him entirely, but you must
see now—"
"I see nothing," she broke In fiercely,
"but my faith in him. I know he will
keep his promise!"
"And it is two years now." he went
on. "You would like to go back to
your own people—hut you can't. Y»iu
know that. With the shelter of my
name, you could go."
She interrupted him with passionati
protest. "No! no4 never!" she cri»*»l,
"Now go! I do not want to see you
again !"
"You will think hett»*r of that. It is
not good-by, Sophie." Then he went.
Mrs. Warren heard the crunching of
Ids feet going down the graveled path,
tin'll the sobbing »if the girl. She felt
that in something which so closely
concerned her brother's happiness she
had a right to listen. Very quietly she
drew y way, and went to the house. It
seemed to her there was only one in
ference to be drawn. Miss Torsky was
hiding some secret. She had had a
"past." This was the reason she would
not marry John Bayard. Mrs. Warren
felt it her duty in pursuance of the
cure she was trying to effect, to tell
her brother ail she had overheard, with
her own inferences added thereto.
But instead of working a cure, her
scene. He told his sister that if the
woman he loved had been through
some great trial, and she had feared
to toll him, that now was the time
to let her know how great was his
love for her. Sophie met him with a
kind of gentle dignity, hut the second
day had passed without his having
managed an interview.
Bayard was sitting with his sister
in the living room, when Sophie en
tered with a new Usht in her eyes.
"Oh !" she said, "you have both been
so good to me, I think you will be
glad to know what has happened.
About three years ago my father and I
j were suspected of being revolutionists,
;in »l escaped from Russia just in time
to save ourselves from being sent t.*
Siberia. My father died In Rss than
a year, and* I dare not return to my
people. I was to have been married
and marry me, and stay here. I lieartl
from him for a year very regularly;
then the letters stopped. They always
came in care of the Russian consul,
who knew my address. But he could
tell me nothing. I never doubted
has just come! ne has been in Si
beria these terrible years. Tie has
suffered the tortures of the mines, and
he could not let me know. But now!
Oh, thank God ! Hear what he says !"
With tear-wet eyes, the girl read from
a letter: "Beloved! I am coming to
you ! The revolution has set me free !
Such a band as this never before trod
these Siberian snows. The Irons have
worn through our bleeding flesh, hut
we feel It not. We sing hymns of
thanksgiving! We know nothing hut
the Joy of liberty. Hunger, pain, cold,
j are nothing now. We are free."
j When the girl paused, Mrs. Warren,
with streaming eyes, took her in^ her
j arms and kissed her. and John, taking
j her hand said: "God bless you, fco
iphie! He deserves youl"
in a short time to Boris Kanoff, and it i
was understood that as soon as lie I
Boris. I knew if !
Women Playing as Big a Pari in
Great World War as Are the Men
JOHN BARRETT, Doctor cl the Pan-American Union
ter
wna
todav is
cipitat
ideal demo
reioirnized
war, as it '
m-ver hav»
as much i woman s
ire playing juM
a part in the struggle for humanity us am the
o doubt the ambitions of male ru.vM
usimc mail un; »..men for the pro
no doubt if that
n ».i me i'unmo» .... .. o . ,
which women's influence is dmy
1 all over Europe before the
ill when the war is over, the world would
sien this titanic combat of rulers and
on the other hand, no question
fight ins
The European war
,, s » man's war. The women
m re is nc
Ido than the w»
,f the c( nflict. Tin re is
racy in
iad prevail
the
here is,
that todav the women in every country at war are
battles back of the*line just as bravely, loyally and faithfully as are t
men in the long lines of front trenches and aeross the deadly readies o
"No Man's Land." , , ..
Now that the Tinted States has taken up the gantlet of war thro .
defeat for the Lnited States v\nt
the men. This is no exaggera
It is an undeniable truth.
down by the central powers, victory or
depend as much upon the women as upon
The more and the sooner the country
ner will the conflict end suc
tion.
appreciates this fact, the surer and the soon
cessfullv for our land and flag. Knowing, therefore, the capability and
adaptability of our women, and ever holding in memory t t von cr,u
self-sacrifice of our grandmothers, our mothers and our sisters, in former
wars, let us draw conclusions from the recent experiments and achieve
, merits of British and French women and make practical recommendations
! for the women, young, middle aged and old, of America.
The first quality required of a woman, as of a man, for competen
; national service is loyalty. , ,
The second is efficiency in every action or duty, in behavior and char
' acter—an efficiency which makes one in every waking moment do every
! thing she has to do the best she knows how.
! The third quality expected is the ability to pick and perform unself
• ishlv the work to which one is b< st suited, and which one can actually
j
do best, without regard to personal preference, pride, social ambition, or
bodily comfort, but with due regard, of course, to one's physical strength
and health.
The fourth quality is that of practicing economy and avoiding extrav
agance in all things.
Duty of Every Young Man to Take Part
In Practical Politics of Nation
By WILL H. HAYS, Chairmta ol Republican Stale Committee of Indiana
a
To the young men of America I appeal for a larger interest in the
politics of the country.
The young men of today are the burden bearers of tomorrow. On
the shoulders of the young voters will very soon rest governmental prob
lems measured only by the vastness of the country's future.
These difficulties must be met. This evolution is inevitable.
To the young men of America I appeal. Become interested in poli
tics. What we need more than all else in this country is an increased par
ticipation by the good citizens of the country in the actual politics of the
nation. To which party you may now be inclined is of less important«
than that you seek for the truth, and, finding it, act and then act con
tinuallv.
From his earliest manhood until his death, Abraham Lincoln actively
participated in the politics of the country. At no time in his incom
parable career did lie think he was either too busy or too good to taka
part in the practical politics of his community. He believed this to ba
his dutv; otherwise he would not have none it. Thus acted the greatest
character not divine that ever trod the earth—and what a condemnation
is his conduct of those smug individuals who today sit with their hands
folded and expect governmental affairs to be right, while they do nothing
whatever to make them sol
Things do not happen in this country—they are brought about ; and
I have no use for the man who is either "too busy" or "too good" to
interest himself in politics.
Study the histories of the great parties; see what they have accom
plished in the past and what they promise for the future, and then, in
every instance, make up your mind and act accordingly. And let us
be certain that we "join ourselves to no party that does not follow tha
flag and keep step to the music of the Union."
Producers Victims of Gambling System
Dignified by Name of Speculation
By CHARLES S. BARRETT
Preiident Fanners' Educational and Co-operative Union of Amène»
Anything done in the name of business so hypnotizes the American
i pgQpjg that they become very polite, and thus it ba« come about that wa
I dimiified gambling by calling it speculation.
The difference between legitimate business and this gambling wmen
we call speculation is that in an honest business transaction both parties
to the deal are benefited, whereas in the speculative transaction one man
must lose that another may win.
In the long run the producers whose products are the counters in
! the gambling game are the big losers, though they may never have had
any part in the gambling.
For fourteen years we have been publishing this truth, but never
have we been able to get a hearing. The cotton farmers of the South have
in the last 49 years been robbed of fully eight thousand millions of dollars
by the speculation in cotton. In the same period the wheat farmers have
been mulcted in an equally large sum by the speculation in wheat.
We can see now where some of the wealth produced in the country
has gone. It has taken this frightful war, with all its calamities and suf
ferings to open the eyes of the people to the evils of speculation. And
even now they only see it because the food gamblers are making everybody
pay the losses that they may pile up unearned millions.
Now the people are talking about lampposts for food speculators.
Even that drastic remedy would be merely treating a symptom. Th«
disease must be eradicated. Wo must abolish speculation in all oui
»rod'-uits.

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