Newspaper Page Text
Americans Must Realize That War
Now Involves Their Own Security By United States Senator WILLIAM E. BORAH of Idaho our minds and our thought. lor nearly three years the American people have been led to look upon this war as a European war__a war with which they had little to do either in thought or act. This was thoroughly and persistently drilled into the minds of our people. The mere declaration of war did not wholly, it seems, revolutionize the public mind in this respect. A <*reat many of our people, even those whose interests in the war are keen and whose patriotism is undoubted, look upon this war as a European war and continue to treat it as such. So long as that condition continues we shall make prog ress slowly in the mobilization of our military forces for the conflict. And if it should continue indefinitely, we would not in any true sense mobilize our forces at all. Legislation alone cannot save us; food dictators cannot save us; bureaus cannot save us; only the aroused and sustained interest, the concentration and devotion of a hundred million people can save us. This cannot be had until the people as a whole come to believe and understand beyond peradventure that this is now our war and involves the immediate and vital interests, institutions and welfare of our own country and the security of our own people. Can we not Americanize this war? We have fust and abundant reasons for doing so. Since we entered the war and as the situation now exists, it is in every sense an American war, and no nation has more at stake or will be called upon to make greater sacrifice in the end, in all probability, than our own. If any man doubts the interest we have in Lie war, let him reflect upon the future in case the opposing powers are successful. One shudders to think of the humiliation, the degradation and the sacrifice we shall experience. It seems to me, therefore, in all candor, that we may as well suspend for a time this surfeit of talk about democracy as an abstract principle of government to be applied benignantlv and indiscriminately to every people, wherever or however situated, and spend more time, write more edito rials, anil erpress more views relative to the interests and welfare of tins • particular democracy of ours. Its whole future and its whole existence j are wrapped up now in tiie success of this fight in which we are engaged, : and it is a theme,« it occurs to me, upon which we may well concentrate ' Every medical officer in the federal service who examines applicants j for enlistment must certify in the case of a successful applicant that ! "he has no mental or physical defect disqualifying him for service td the United States army." To the layman the tests made often seem undulv severe. Even civilian physicians are apt to consider the line too strictly drawn. In the examinations for the Plattsburg camp the candidate often appeared with a certificate from his physician stating that he was "fit for service," and was extremely indignant when he was rejected by the army surgeon who made the examination. The result was that for many days the newspapers contained letters from candidates who asserted that they had always been "perfectly well," had always "played tennis and golf," and were star athletes at school and college. The answer might be made that war is neither tennis nor golf, and that even the perils and vicissitudes of the college athlete, from the bruises and fractures of the football field to the more insidious dangers of ice cream soda, are hardly comparable with trench warfare. The recruit is chosen from two points of view: First, the United States as an employer. Does he have the necessary intelligence and the required education to make a good soldier? By education I refer to his command of the English language and his apparent ability to under stand and carry out commands. Second, the physical qualifications of the recruit. Has he sufficient physical endurance to carry out the daily routine of a soldier, and has he, or can he, develop sufficient reserve force ' to stand up under the strain of unusual physical exertion? No matter ; how well a soldier serves during what might be called his normal activi ties, he is worse than useless if he becomes on additional burden to the army during periods of unusual stress. Every Member of Uncle Sam's Army Mentally and Physically Fit By WARREN T. BROWNE in five j Great American Medical Discoveries Bear Stamp "Made in Germany" By DR. CHARLES H. MAYO President of American Medical Association Many important discoveries in medicine in America have not been accepted here until they have been appropriated by Teutons and returned to us with the stamp "Made in Germany." The great medical profession of this country has not stood as a united body for that which is American in medicine. Many, while abroad, have apologized for medical conditions at home, and for personal advancement have erf ten written about and discussed as remarkable European discov eries that arc trivial. Our country has done much for the advancement of the medical pro j fession through the enactment of just laws requiring standards of educa tion. Through the efforts of the committee on medical education, our ! profession has largely aided in the standardization of medical colleges, i Through the work of this board, many of the inefficient medical colleges 11^1» G ugcu forced to CIOSG, to thç ^reüt ultim&tc good of m6clic3.i 8CiGDC8 j and of the people served by their graduates. j 1 The added requirements of preliminary education and increased ! , , , r J . .. j }ears of medical study were so great, however, with the elimination of : 40 per cent of the colleges, and the years of study more tha n doubled, vre have little more than one-third as manv students of medicine now as • , AAA -ci j - 2 . • ! m 1900. Fewer doctors, better-trained nurses to take some of their medical requirements under pretext of the necessity of war. It must not , be permitted. If ever wo need educated men, it is now and hereafter. ! t - j work, better-educated people, and preventive medicine to reduce sickness, maintain an even balance, however. Now will come a hvstericsl demand to lower the bars of educational His Atonement By Florence L. Henderson (Copyright, by W. G. Chapman.) yonr behalf," spoke the warden of the penitentiary to the serious-faced, erect young man In convict stripes. "I am deeply grateful," came the calm reply, but there was a certain Quaver to the accents. broke out In the cell house, the board has granted you a commutation of your five-year sentence, after serving two. I hope you will reform." "I reformed the hour I came within these walls," pronounced Harvey Mills solemnly. "I saw my error and Intend to retrieve myself. You have been kind to me here; you have made me forget my wretchedness by making me a trusty. Sir. I shall follow the straight and narrow path after this, do not doubt it." And so within the hour convict No. SL".*4 that was, left the dreary penal Institution a free man. lie took his • j Clearly his course was marked out aml : ,u ' to follow it without dis ' ™ the fit A. It was at five o'clock that afternoon that he entered the office of John Itriscoe, broker. The latter stared hard at his unexpected visitor. Then, recognizing him, he scowled. "You!" he uttered, us if the other were pestilential. "Yes, it is 1," came the steady re sponse. "Sit down. John Briscoe, for you have got to listen to me and help me." "Convict—disgrace to the family"— half fluttered the broker. even anlTserioits tom "'"who 1 lured me to speculate with the money of my cm Pl°>' er - You lost It all for me and the ! , "The board of pardons has acted in 1 The warden made an entry In the prison book before him and handed out an envelope. "You will find In this | tiie usual cash to carry you to your home, he said. I have no home," spoke the man in 6trlpes. ( j You cease to be No. 8204," went on the warden. "Y'ou are once again Har- j voy Mills; you have been the best pris oner we have ever had. In recognition ; of that aud the fact of your preventing i a wholesale stampede when the fire 1 j j [ i j j I ! I in ' ; I J 3 & muni ^ by by and of the in jail. I understand he is continu- > the ing the business in an Indifferent way j "Yes, It Is I." five thousand dollars crippled my gen j erous-hearted employer and landed me und .sufleriiig iinimcially on account of f} j rn Y delinquency. 1 wish to make rosti- ; "How?" challenged Briscoe skepti- j of cally. "By giving him five years, ten years, all the years of my life in his behalf, if necessary," answered Mills steadily. "There has not been a waking hour since I became a prisoner that the thought has not been with me. Day after day I have planned out ail I can do and shall do. I had a brilliant fu ture before me, which my reckless faith in your honesty wrecked. You must take your share in this atone ment by securing for me the oppor tunity of becoming the traveling agent of James Darrow." Briscoe uttered a harsh, derisive laugh. "I fancy that won't be a very easy task," he sneered. "Easy or difficult. It must be done," declared Mills firmly. "No man knows tired a the on was ing their part 25 City ! the line of goods James Darrow car ries better than L During iny impris st ?, di i h ove \ TZ tuyself to meet men, to Impress them, 1 shall be tireless, I shall laugh at dis api>olnt " ie " ts ' 1 shaI1 . succeed ' for 8 man who has patiently endured two from years in a lonely prison cell Is able to face Whirlwinds. I ask very little of î our Ume and 1 wiI1 pay >ou for that ' P° James Darrow never heard of you. At You will go and see him and arrange Island to act as traveling salesman. All your reports—my reports, rather—under an I story assumed name, will be made by mall, j tale You need not meet him personally af- rod ter the first Interview, as all remit- an' t - un<>os f° r seods ordered will be sent to the factory direct and I shall not— I Inal's disgrace you by troubling you again." Ami the plan was put through. Bris ! coe, under an assumed name, visited I James Barrow iu bis home town and j Ieft *1 the accredited agent of the struggling manufacturer. Once a : month the latter was to send a check J for Briscoe to a city address, covering the commissions earned by his travel | ing salesman. During the next year Harvey Mills ! throve. He worked day and night. : He was. indeed, tireless and diligent. His mental training during his incar ceration had fitted him marvelously well for the business line he followed, i ! He received a letter from James i , , 1 Ibirrow asking him to visit him and inclosing a handsome cash bonus for Ids able co-operation. The*letter was Kindly, grateful, almost affectionate. ■ It frankly attributed to the efforts of Mids the solid establishment of a wa \ering business enterprise. Mills ; *'\aded making the visit. The second j ' l 'ar there came a most urgent second ; | letter. It hinted at a possible partner- | S ^'P arrangement. Again Mills made 1 some excuse for not meeting with the j "ishes of his employer. And then, one j j bright wintry day, a hungry longing <>ume to Mills to visit the town where ! j the factory was located, and where he wus not known, as his trial and con ; viction had taken place in the city, i It wus nearly dusk and after a stroll 1 a11 about the little town he was cross ing a bridge spanning a swiftly rolling stream. The ice was breaking up and wus coming down with the current in huge, rushing cakes. Half-way across the bridge a ringing cry broke upon his hearing und scanning the river surface he saw floating down the stream a young girl on a great cake of ice. .She had attempted to cross the stream on the disintegrating ice further up the stream and the cake she was on had become separated from the pack. What Harvey Mills did within the efisuing five minutes was all impulse and heroic. From the bridge he leaped j to the cake of ice on which wavered the frenzied young girl. He seized her j to steady her, for she was almost [ fainting. He made a leap into The wa i ter and fairly Hung her ashore in safe j t.v, just as two wavering cakes of ice j caught him in a cruel embrace, and. I But for her seizing bis arm and pull ! ing him ashore he would have been submerged. As he sunk back, Inert and inson I silde, his last vision was of the anx ious, beautiful face bending over him. He awoke, little dreaming that it was two days later, to find himself In bed in a warm, comfortable room, half darkened. He listened to voices in the next room. "Oh, father!" spoke the voice of the young girl whom Mills had rescued, "be kind, be very kind, to the man who has saved my life. Bo not his papers, your sure knowledge of his identity prove that he was never a willing criminal." "Do not fear," answered the tones of James Darrow. "Never has a man made nobler restitution." "I hear him moving about," fluttered Ethel Darrow, and her father hastened to the bedside of Mills. His face was beaming. He held out his hands, both welcoming hands to the patient, and two words he spoke cleared all the past, and were hopeful tokens for the future to worn, weary Harvey Mills— "My son !" PRIZE LUMP OF AMBERGRIS Chunk Taken From Sperm Whale Near Cape Hatteras Weighed 121 Pounds and Was Valued at $35,000. A prize lump of ambergris secured by the whaling brig Viola is reported by Capt. John A. Cook of Province town, owner of the vessels. The \ chunk of ambergris, taken from sperm whale captured just south of Cape Hatteras, weighed 121 pounds and was valued at $35,000. Each man of a crew of 16 will have a share in the prize. Another old whaling hark of the Now Bedford fleet returned to port after a four years' cruise. This was > the Wanderer, built at Mattnpoisett In | j <57,3 an ,j sr ;u apparently as sound as f} 1P day sq 1P was launched. The Wan ; derer had pretty good luck on her, cruise. j of „ppm on , valued at $ 1 fi0,000. In all she took 6,200 barrels Most of this was sent home via the Azores and Barbados. Capt. Antonio ! Edwards, commander of the vessel, fig- ! tired that an average catch of $40,000 a year was not so bad these days. Fraternity Men Make Quilts. By making 25 quilts the men of Acacia fraternity In the University of Kansas have replenished their house's supply of bed clothing and saved the chapter $56.25. The cold nights found the bed clothing supply of the Acacia uncomfortably scarce. The lowest bid on supplying the house with 25 quilts was $100. A senior suggested a quilt ing bee, and 30*men spent all day Sat urday In a quilting bee directed by their house mother. Except a small part of the work done by the house mother, the men did the work. The 25 quilts cost them $43.75.—Kansas City Star. from works of fiction. To stimulate interest the pupils are required to nominate members of the class to iin P° rsonate tho characters in the book. At such a reading recently In a Lem Island school, one of tin* boys was Cardinal Caught Red-Handed. In some New Y'ork suburban public schools the teachers give readings was Cardinal Richelieu of France, In n story by Dumas. When Interest In the tale was at Its height, n perfect Pen rod of a lad—his school naun* is "Odd an' Even," his reul name Avery „ —called out; "Hey, tendier, tin* ear4 . Inal's got Ills hand lu my pocket." - ~ -—--—-— FACTORS IN BEEF CATTLE PRODUCTION S a i i (By W. I.. BUZZARD. Department of Animal Husbandry, Oklahoma A. and M College, Stillwater. ) To the man who undertakes to in troduce live-stock production into his system of fanning, he must have an object In view, some definite, well organized plan to work to. In introducing beef cattle on a farm, several important questions present themselves : 1. What provision has been made for , housing cattle; are there good fences iround the pasture and plenty of roomy paddocks near the burns; these are certainly Important. ■ 2. How many cattle will the farm support: this important consideration should not he overlooked "better a ; little understocked than overstocked." j 3. What crops and what system of ; cropping should be planned to supply | the most suitable feeds? Good, per 1 manent pasture ant! alfalfa crops are j a valuable asset to any live-stock farm. j The rotation of the field props should he of such a nature that crops of the ! silo will always be provided, 4. How will the production from the herd be disposed of to the best ad vantage? The disposal of the offspring from a beef-cattle herd will depend upon the type and quality of cattle raised, also how well they are grown ont. If purebreds, the offspring will be sold largely for breeding purposes. purposes. parts. nm Vf***'-: m* ~r* *4*»*àr i Mm IwS ï. ,, TV*. • - -'3r : > •i* * x **>, . • v k . vxx &i CATTLE LIKE THESE NEEDED TO RELIEVE FOOD SHORTAGE. ERADICATION OF TICKS Essential to Agricultural Develop ment in the South. With Parasite Out of Way Southern Farmers Can Produce Cattle Free From Many of Handicaps of Other Sections. (From the United Spates Department of Agriculture.) The eradication of the tick is essen tial to the development of a sound ag ricultural system In the South. Live stock Is essential to such a system. With the tick out of the way, the South can produce cattle free from mnny of the handicaps of other sec tions. Land is still cheap and much of It Is making no money for anyone. _ _ ________ \ The pasture seuson Is long, feed can j , ____ ____________ n | tie to outside markets. Tickv enttl are worth less at home and bring le be produced at minimum cost, and only Inexpensive shelter is required. The tick, however, sucks from ev ery animal on which It lives blood that could be sold for meat or which would go to make milk. The tick, by compelling the enforce ment of costly and annoying quaran tines, adds to the cost of getting cat I i ! I In the quarantine pens at the packing houses than free cattle. Tickv cattle cannot be transshipped and must go for Immediate slaughter. Free cattle can be transshipped to markets where the ! prices are higher or can he sold as ! feeders. TIeky cattle bring only what the lccal packing house cares to offer. The difference In price between tl.-ky and free cattle runs from to 1 cent per pound, or $5 to $10 a head. The tick kills Imported purebred stock and thus makes It hard for the South to raise any bnt scrub cattle. The banks will not lend money on cat tle In the tick y country, nlthough they are glad to help fnrmers in tick-free counties to buy purebred animals and develop the dairying and cattle-raising Industries. The tick, by making It un profitable to raise cattle on cropped farms, cuts down the manure supply and reduces the fertility of land and production per acre. The tick, by keeping down farm profits, keeps down the value of farm land. The tick Is an enemy of tin* farmer, the merchnnt, the banker, and *he people of the South. WATFR NEEDS OF GOSLINGS Especial Care Should Re Taken to Keep Young Fowln Out of Pood« Shelter From Storm». ------ tn Drinking water !» »applied 1 Ilf 11 11 pond 1» not neeemiiry to IllPie gn (III ,,r hi fnrf ••(•perlai rare 1» taker, lo Li *1» U go'dlngn ont or it,,. pond tniill lli •v feather. Equal ear. la ohnei ' .1 111 getting them under Cover dull n •tor« J ^i They must be pushed along and dé oped as fully as possible. Bulls ger ernliy sell best at from one to tv, years old, while heifers usually se.r best at two years past in calf. Many tuen bave a notion it is neces sary to have n reputation to soil pure bred live stock. A reputation Is a big asset, but the best asset of nil ts the right kind of stock. One is necessary to the other, and the reputation naturally Is found ed on good stock. GOOD USE FOR INSECTICIDES Spray Cresol Around Roosts, Dropping Boards and Nests to Exterminate Little Mites. Cresol, a derivative of coal tar. In probably the best hase for insecti cides that are to bo sprayed around the roosts, dropboards and nests to exterminate mîtes, and under house» and other places for destroying tiie breeding haunts of fleas. One part of cresol is added to from 20 to -if> parts of water. There are a number of mite paints on the market of simi lar composition that can be recom mended. It Is only necessary to di lute any of these concentrated sola tions with water and spray the af fected parts. j t,le maximum point of production. Th« 'USEFUL SWEET POTATO VINE Excellent Hay Made If Cut and Cured During Dry Weather—Use 'Scythe or Sickle to Harvest. jP Sweet potato vines make excellent hay If they are cut and cured durinj dry weather. Many tons of vinos are lost annually because farmers do not appreciate their value, according ta C. K. McQuarrie, state agent for the University of Ffcrlda extension divis ion. The right stage to cut the vines is the most important consideration. If they are cut too soon the stubbles may sprout and impair the quality ot the potatoes, rf they are left too Ion# they become woody and the quality ol hay Is not good. The best, time to cut the vines Is Just when the foliage begins to yellow and before the main stem becomes woody. The yellowing leaves denote I potatoes are mature at that time. IJ i ,ht * vines are left In the field after thi* stage many of the leaves will be lost ! in harvest, and the foliage is the val I ua Ule part t*f the plant for hay. 11,1,1 s,lu Possible. The best tool with which to har ■v^t the vine* is a scythe or sickle . A stubble se verni incites long shoul! i N left. The pota toes should be du. x as soon as posslb le after the vines nr» removed. The hny Is hard to lia :id!« and shoul d be cured wltlm su rain It possible. It will bo found a: 1 excel Dni hay for d niry 1 cows. (Hi thin soils it may !>.* a< Ivisahk e t* turn the ■ lines under to ar Id orgi mi« matter. Whether t111s is done will do pend on the need for bay and the needs of the si*]. The farmer must rely oc Ids own judgment. RATION FOR FATTENING HOGS Gallon of Skim Milk and Two Bars ot Corn Daily Will Give Most Sur prising Results. About a gallon of slclm milk and two ears of corn a day per hog will surprise yon with the result, for rapid growth and fattening even will h<* your reward for this intelligent: feeding. If skim milk Is not obtainable, al falfn hay makes a good substitute. Hood green hay should be selected and some rainy day several hundred pounds may he cut up In the cutting box. (in In for < rdvcM sh* Olid tn » ■■ >, »rufe feed b"*' ** I 11 ear mot be »l»"l !, "i »V ,,r ft ,. ,,, 1 r. Ini' at fh U her* ,I„. mir ran r *et Then nil. add tie no •on net , MU y fell!! ■nt. }„,||!d be 1 ik ^i al n fro»!, and clean Ut SEPARATE CALF FEED BOXES Grain Should Hi Placed Where It | f Handy, but dut of Danger of Pelng Spoiled. 'be droppings same time at it readily, "•«■a In which ""d the uf " u ' 1;r "l' tut uli time#.