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The St. Charles herald. [volume] (Hahnville, La.) 1873-1993, August 04, 1917, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034322/1917-08-04/ed-1/seq-4/

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Americans Must Realize That War
Now Involves Their Own Security
By United States Senator WILLIAM E. BORAH of Idaho
our minds and our thought.
lor nearly three years the American people have
been led to look upon this war as a European war__a
war with which they had little to do either in thought
or act. This was thoroughly and persistently drilled
into the minds of our people. The mere declaration of
war did not wholly, it seems, revolutionize the public
mind in this respect. A <*reat many of our people,
even those whose interests in the war are keen and
whose patriotism is undoubted, look upon this war as
a European war and continue to treat it as such. So
long as that condition continues we shall make prog
ress slowly in the mobilization of our military forces for the conflict.
And if it should continue indefinitely, we would not in any true sense
mobilize our forces at all.
Legislation alone cannot save us; food dictators cannot save us;
bureaus cannot save us; only the aroused and sustained interest, the
concentration and devotion of a hundred million people can save us. This
cannot be had until the people as a whole come to believe and understand
beyond peradventure that this is now our war and involves the immediate
and vital interests, institutions and welfare of our own country and
the security of our own people.
Can we not Americanize this war? We have fust and abundant
reasons for doing so. Since we entered the war and as the situation now
exists, it is in every sense an American war, and no nation has more at
stake or will be called upon to make greater sacrifice in the end, in all
probability, than our own. If any man doubts the interest we have in
Lie war, let him reflect upon the future in case the opposing powers are
successful. One shudders to think of the humiliation, the degradation
and the sacrifice we shall experience.
It seems to me, therefore, in all candor, that we may as well suspend
for a time this surfeit of talk about democracy as an abstract principle of
government to be applied benignantlv and indiscriminately to every people,
wherever or however situated, and spend more time, write more edito
rials, anil erpress more views relative to the interests and welfare of tins •
particular democracy of ours. Its whole future and its whole existence j
are wrapped up now in tiie success of this fight in which we are engaged, :
and it is a theme,« it occurs to me, upon which we may well concentrate '
Every medical officer in the federal service who examines applicants j
for enlistment must certify in the case of a successful applicant that !
"he has no mental or physical defect disqualifying him for service td
the United States army."
To the layman the tests made often seem undulv severe. Even
civilian physicians are apt to consider the line too strictly drawn. In the
examinations for the Plattsburg camp the candidate often appeared with
a certificate from his physician stating that he was "fit for service," and
was extremely indignant when he was rejected by the army surgeon who
made the examination.
The result was that for many days the newspapers contained letters
from candidates who asserted that they had always been "perfectly well,"
had always "played tennis and golf," and were star athletes at school and
college. The answer might be made that war is neither tennis nor golf,
and that even the perils and vicissitudes of the college athlete, from the
bruises and fractures of the football field to the more insidious dangers
of ice cream soda, are hardly comparable with trench warfare.
The recruit is chosen from two points of view: First, the United
States as an employer. Does he have the necessary intelligence and the
required education to make a good soldier? By education I refer to his
command of the English language and his apparent ability to under
stand and carry out commands. Second, the physical qualifications of
the recruit. Has he sufficient physical endurance to carry out the daily
routine of a soldier, and has he, or can he, develop sufficient reserve force '
to stand up under the strain of unusual physical exertion? No matter ;
how well a soldier serves during what might be called his normal activi
ties, he is worse than useless if he becomes on additional burden to the
army during periods of unusual stress.
Every Member of Uncle Sam's Army
Mentally and Physically Fit
Great American Medical Discoveries
Bear Stamp "Made in Germany"
President of American Medical Association
Many important discoveries in medicine in America have not been
accepted here until they have been appropriated by Teutons and returned
to us with the stamp "Made in Germany."
The great medical profession of this country has not stood as a united
body for that which is American in medicine. Many, while abroad, have
apologized for medical conditions at home, and for personal advancement
have erf ten written about and discussed as remarkable European discov
eries that arc trivial.
Our country has done much for the advancement of the medical pro
fession through the enactment of just laws requiring standards of educa
tion. Through the efforts of the committee on medical education, our !
profession has largely aided in the standardization of medical colleges, i
Through the work of this board, many of the inefficient medical colleges
11^1» G ugcu forced to CIOSG, to thç ^reüt ultim&tc good of m6clic3.i 8CiGDC8 j
and of the people served by their graduates. j 1
The added requirements of preliminary education and increased !
, , , r J . .. j
}ears of medical study were so great, however, with the elimination of :
40 per cent of the colleges, and the years of study more tha n doubled,
vre have little more than one-third as manv students of medicine now as
• , AAA -ci j - 2 . • !
m 1900. Fewer doctors, better-trained nurses to take some of their
medical requirements under pretext of the necessity of war. It must not ,
be permitted. If ever wo need educated men, it is now and hereafter. ! t -
work, better-educated people, and preventive medicine to reduce sickness,
maintain an even balance, however.
Now will come a hvstericsl demand to lower the bars of educational
By Florence L. Henderson
(Copyright, by W. G. Chapman.)
yonr behalf," spoke the warden of the
penitentiary to the serious-faced, erect
young man In convict stripes.
"I am deeply grateful," came the
calm reply, but there was a certain
Quaver to the accents.
broke out In the cell house, the board
has granted you a commutation of
your five-year sentence, after serving
two. I hope you will reform."
"I reformed the hour I came within
these walls," pronounced Harvey Mills
solemnly. "I saw my error and Intend
to retrieve myself. You have been
kind to me here; you have made me
forget my wretchedness by making me
a trusty. Sir. I shall follow the straight
and narrow path after this, do not
doubt it."
And so within the hour convict No.
SL".*4 that was, left the dreary penal
Institution a free man. lie took his

j Clearly his course was marked out aml
: ,u ' to follow it without dis
' ™
the fit A. It was at five o'clock that
afternoon that he entered the office of
John Itriscoe, broker. The latter
stared hard at his unexpected visitor.
Then, recognizing him, he scowled.
"You!" he uttered, us if the other
were pestilential.
"Yes, it is 1," came the steady re
sponse. "Sit down. John Briscoe, for
you have got to listen to me and help
"Convict—disgrace to the family"—
half fluttered the broker.
even anlTserioits tom "'"who 1 lured me
to speculate with the money of my cm
Pl°>' er - You lost It all for me and the
"The board of pardons has acted in 1
The warden made an entry In the
prison book before him and handed out
an envelope. "You will find In this |
tiie usual cash to carry you to your
home, he said.
I have no home," spoke the man in
6trlpes. ( j
You cease to be No. 8204," went on
the warden. "Y'ou are once again Har- j
voy Mills; you have been the best pris
oner we have ever had. In recognition ;
of that aud the fact of your preventing i
a wholesale stampede when the fire 1
muni ^
in jail. I understand he is continu- > the
ing the business in an Indifferent way j
"Yes, It Is I."
five thousand dollars crippled my gen
j erous-hearted employer and landed me
und .sufleriiig iinimcially on account of f}
j rn Y delinquency. 1 wish to make rosti- ;
"How?" challenged Briscoe skepti- j of
"By giving him five years, ten years,
all the years of my life in his behalf, if
necessary," answered Mills steadily.
"There has not been a waking hour
since I became a prisoner that the
thought has not been with me. Day
after day I have planned out ail I can
do and shall do. I had a brilliant fu
ture before me, which my reckless
faith in your honesty wrecked. You
must take your share in this atone
ment by securing for me the oppor
tunity of becoming the traveling agent
of James Darrow."
Briscoe uttered a harsh, derisive
laugh. "I fancy that won't be a very
easy task," he sneered.
"Easy or difficult. It must be done,"
declared Mills firmly. "No man knows
! the line of goods James Darrow car
ries better than L During iny impris
st ?, di i h ove \ TZ
tuyself to meet men, to Impress them,
1 shall be tireless, I shall laugh at dis
api>olnt " ie " ts ' 1 shaI1 . succeed ' for 8
man who has patiently endured two from
years in a lonely prison cell Is able to
face Whirlwinds. I ask very little of
î our Ume and 1 wiI1 pay >ou for that ' P°
James Darrow never heard of you. At
You will go and see him and arrange Island
to act as traveling salesman. All your
reports—my reports, rather—under an I story
assumed name, will be made by mall, j tale
You need not meet him personally af- rod
ter the first Interview, as all remit- an'
t - un<>os f° r seods ordered will be sent
to the factory direct and I shall not— I Inal's
disgrace you by troubling you again."
Ami the plan was put through. Bris
! coe, under an assumed name, visited
I James Barrow iu bis home town and
j Ieft *1 the accredited agent of the
struggling manufacturer. Once a
: month the latter was to send a check
J for Briscoe to a city address, covering
the commissions earned by his travel
| ing salesman.
During the next year Harvey Mills
! throve. He worked day and night.
: He was. indeed, tireless and diligent.
His mental training during his incar
ceration had fitted him marvelously
well for the business line he followed, i
! He received a letter from James i
, ,
1 Ibirrow asking him to visit him and
inclosing a handsome cash bonus for
Ids able co-operation. The*letter was
Kindly, grateful, almost affectionate. ■
It frankly attributed to the efforts of
Mids the solid establishment of a wa
\ering business enterprise. Mills ;
*'\aded making the visit. The second j
' l 'ar there came a most urgent second ;
| letter. It hinted at a possible partner- |
S ^'P arrangement. Again Mills made 1
some excuse for not meeting with the j
"ishes of his employer. And then, one j
j bright wintry day, a hungry longing
<>ume to Mills to visit the town where !
j the factory was located, and where he
wus not known, as his trial and con
; viction had taken place in the city,
i It wus nearly dusk and after a stroll
1 a11 about the little town he was cross
ing a bridge spanning a swiftly rolling
stream. The ice was breaking up and
wus coming down with the current in
huge, rushing cakes. Half-way across
the bridge a ringing cry broke upon his
hearing und scanning the river surface
he saw floating down the stream a
young girl on a great cake of ice. .She
had attempted to cross the stream on
the disintegrating ice further up the
stream and the cake she was on had
become separated from the pack.
What Harvey Mills did within the
efisuing five minutes was all impulse
and heroic. From the bridge he leaped
j to the cake of ice on which wavered
the frenzied young girl. He seized her
j to steady her, for she was almost
[ fainting. He made a leap into The wa
i ter and fairly Hung her ashore in safe
j t.v, just as two wavering cakes of ice
j caught him in a cruel embrace, and.
I But for her seizing bis arm and pull
! ing him ashore he would have been
As he sunk back, Inert and inson
I silde, his last vision was of the anx
ious, beautiful face bending over him.
He awoke, little dreaming that it was
two days later, to find himself In bed
in a warm, comfortable room, half
darkened. He listened to voices in
the next room.
"Oh, father!" spoke the voice of the
young girl whom Mills had rescued,
"be kind, be very kind, to the man who
has saved my life. Bo not his papers,
your sure knowledge of his identity
prove that he was never a willing
"Do not fear," answered the tones
of James Darrow. "Never has a man
made nobler restitution."
"I hear him moving about," fluttered
Ethel Darrow, and her father hastened
to the bedside of Mills. His face was
beaming. He held out his hands, both
welcoming hands to the patient, and
two words he spoke cleared all the
past, and were hopeful tokens for the
future to worn, weary Harvey Mills—
"My son !"
Chunk Taken From Sperm Whale Near
Cape Hatteras Weighed 121 Pounds
and Was Valued at $35,000.
A prize lump of ambergris secured
by the whaling brig Viola is reported
by Capt. John A. Cook of Province
town, owner of the vessels. The \
chunk of ambergris, taken from
sperm whale captured just south of
Cape Hatteras, weighed 121 pounds
and was valued at $35,000. Each man
of a crew of 16 will have a share in
the prize.
Another old whaling hark of the
Now Bedford fleet returned to port
after a four years' cruise. This was
> the Wanderer, built at Mattnpoisett In |
j <57,3 an ,j sr ;u apparently as sound as
f} 1P day sq 1P was launched. The Wan
; derer had pretty good luck on her,
j of „ppm on , valued at $ 1 fi0,000.
In all she took 6,200 barrels
Most of this was sent home via the
Azores and Barbados. Capt. Antonio !
Edwards, commander of the vessel, fig- !
tired that an average catch of $40,000
a year was not so bad these days.
Fraternity Men Make Quilts.
By making 25 quilts the men of
Acacia fraternity In the University of
Kansas have replenished their house's
supply of bed clothing and saved the
chapter $56.25. The cold nights found
the bed clothing supply of the Acacia
uncomfortably scarce. The lowest bid
on supplying the house with 25 quilts
was $100. A senior suggested a quilt
ing bee, and 30*men spent all day Sat
urday In a quilting bee directed by
their house mother. Except a small
part of the work done by the house
mother, the men did the work. The
25 quilts cost them $43.75.—Kansas
City Star.
from works of fiction. To stimulate
interest the pupils are required to
nominate members of the class to iin
P° rsonate tho characters in the book.
At such a reading recently In a Lem
Island school, one of tin* boys was
Cardinal Caught Red-Handed.
In some New Y'ork suburban public
schools the teachers give readings
Cardinal Richelieu of France, In n
story by Dumas. When Interest In the
tale was at Its height, n perfect Pen
rod of a lad—his school naun* is "Odd
an' Even," his reul name Avery „
—called out; "Hey, tendier, tin* ear4 .
Inal's got Ills hand lu my pocket."
- ~ -—--—-—
(By W. I.. BUZZARD. Department of
Animal Husbandry, Oklahoma A. and
M College, Stillwater. )
To the man who undertakes to in
troduce live-stock production into his
system of fanning, he must have an
object In view, some definite, well
organized plan to work to.
In introducing beef cattle on a farm,
several important questions present
themselves :
1. What provision has been made for
, housing cattle; are there good fences
iround the pasture and plenty of
roomy paddocks near the burns; these
are certainly Important.
■ 2. How many cattle will the farm
support: this important consideration
should not he overlooked "better a
; little understocked than overstocked."
j 3. What crops and what system of
; cropping should be planned to supply
| the most suitable feeds? Good, per
1 manent pasture ant! alfalfa crops are
j a valuable asset to any live-stock farm.
j The rotation of the field props should
he of such a nature that crops of the
! silo will always be provided,
4. How will the production from the
herd be disposed of to the best ad
vantage? The disposal of the offspring
from a beef-cattle herd will depend
upon the type and quality of cattle
raised, also how well they are grown
ont. If purebreds, the offspring will
be sold largely for breeding purposes.
ï. ,,
• - -'3r : >
•i* * x **>, . • v
k . vxx
Essential to Agricultural Develop
ment in the South.
With Parasite Out of Way Southern
Farmers Can Produce Cattle Free
From Many of Handicaps of
Other Sections.
(From the United Spates Department of
The eradication of the tick is essen
tial to the development of a sound ag
ricultural system In the South. Live
stock Is essential to such a system.
With the tick out of the way, the
South can produce cattle free from
mnny of the handicaps of other sec
tions. Land is still cheap and much
of It Is making no money for anyone.
_ _ ________
\ The pasture seuson Is long, feed can j
, ____ ____________ n
| tie to outside markets. Tickv enttl
are worth less at home and bring le
be produced at minimum cost, and
only Inexpensive shelter is required.
The tick, however, sucks from ev
ery animal on which It lives blood that
could be sold for meat or which would
go to make milk.
The tick, by compelling the enforce
ment of costly and annoying quaran
tines, adds to the cost of getting cat
In the quarantine pens at the packing
houses than free cattle. Tickv cattle
cannot be transshipped and must go for
Immediate slaughter. Free cattle can
be transshipped to markets where the
! prices are higher or can he sold as
! feeders. TIeky cattle bring only what
the lccal packing house cares to offer.
The difference In price between tl.-ky
and free cattle runs from to 1 cent
per pound, or $5 to $10 a head.
The tick kills Imported purebred
stock and thus makes It hard for the
South to raise any bnt scrub cattle.
The banks will not lend money on cat
tle In the tick y country, nlthough they
are glad to help fnrmers in tick-free
counties to buy purebred animals and
develop the dairying and cattle-raising
Industries. The tick, by making It un
profitable to raise cattle on cropped
farms, cuts down the manure supply
and reduces the fertility of land and
production per acre.
The tick, by keeping down farm
profits, keeps down the value of farm
land. The tick Is an enemy of tin*
farmer, the merchnnt, the banker, and
*he people of the South.
Especial Care Should Re Taken to
Keep Young Fowln Out of Pood«
Shelter From
Drinking water !»
»applied 1
pond 1»
not neeemiiry
to IllPie gn
hi fnrf
••(•perlai rare
1» taker, lo
ont or it,,.
pond tniill
Equal ear.
la ohnei '
them under
Cover dull
They must be pushed along and dé
oped as fully as possible. Bulls ger
ernliy sell best at from one to tv,
years old, while heifers usually se.r
best at two years past in calf.
Many tuen bave a notion it is neces
sary to have n reputation to soil pure
bred live stock.
A reputation Is a big asset, but the
best asset of nil ts the right kind of
stock. One is necessary to the other,
and the reputation naturally Is found
ed on good stock.
Spray Cresol Around Roosts, Dropping
Boards and Nests to Exterminate
Little Mites.
Cresol, a derivative of coal tar. In
probably the best hase for insecti
cides that are to bo sprayed around
the roosts, dropboards and nests to
exterminate mîtes, and under house»
and other places for destroying tiie
breeding haunts of fleas. One part
of cresol is added to from 20 to -if>
parts of water. There are a number
of mite paints on the market of simi
lar composition that can be recom
mended. It Is only necessary to di
lute any of these concentrated sola
tions with water and spray the af
fected parts.
j t,le maximum point of production. Th«
Excellent Hay Made If Cut and Cured
During Dry Weather—Use 'Scythe
or Sickle to Harvest.
jP Sweet potato vines make excellent
hay If they are cut and cured durinj
dry weather. Many tons of vinos are
lost annually because farmers do not
appreciate their value, according ta
C. K. McQuarrie, state agent for the
University of Ffcrlda extension divis
ion. The right stage to cut the vines
is the most important consideration.
If they are cut too soon the stubbles
may sprout and impair the quality ot
the potatoes, rf they are left too Ion#
they become woody and the quality ol
hay Is not good.
The best, time to cut the vines Is
Just when the foliage begins to yellow
and before the main stem becomes
woody. The yellowing leaves denote
I potatoes are mature at that time. IJ
i ,ht * vines are left In the field after thi*
stage many of the leaves will be lost
! in harvest, and the foliage is the val
I ua Ule part t*f the plant for hay.
11,1,1 s,lu
The best tool
with which
to har
the vine*
is a scythe or
. A
stubble se
incites long
i N
left. The
toes should
be du.
x as
soon as posslb
le after the
hny Is hard
to lia
and shoul
d be
cured wltlm
su rain It
It will bo found a:
1 excel
hay for d
niry 1
(Hi thin
it may !>.* a<
e t*
turn the ■
under to ar
Id orgi
matter. Whether t111s is done will do
pend on the need for bay and the needs
of the si*]. The farmer must rely oc
Ids own judgment.
Gallon of Skim Milk and Two Bars ot
Corn Daily Will Give Most Sur
prising Results.
About a gallon of slclm milk and
two ears of corn a day per hog will
surprise yon with the result, for rapid
growth and fattening even will h<* your
reward for this intelligent: feeding.
If skim milk Is not obtainable, al
falfn hay makes a good substitute.
Hood green hay should be selected and
some rainy day several hundred
pounds may he cut up In the cutting
In for < rdvcM sh*
tn » ■■
>, »rufe feed b"*'
** I
11 ear
mot be »l»"l !, "i
,,r ft
,. ,,, 1 r. Ini' at
U her*
,I„. mir ran r
nil. add tie no
, MU y fell!!
}„,||!d be 1
^i al n
fro»!, and clean
Grain Should Hi Placed Where It | f
Handy, but dut of Danger of
Pelng Spoiled.
'be droppings
same time
at it readily,
"•«■a In which
""d the uf
" u ' 1;r "l' tut
uli time#.

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