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The St. Charles herald. [volume] (Hahnville, La.) 1873-1993, August 18, 1917, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034322/1917-08-18/ed-1/seq-6/

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Poor and Skinny Young Cow Can Bp
Made to Produce Milk and But
terfat of Quality.
Often the young cow that Is poor
and skinny can he made to produce
a lot of ini Ik and butterfat. Professor
Erf of Ohio State university told of
auch an Instance. A young Jersey cow
had been bred In the southern part of
Superior Milk Specimen.
Ohio and fed only the poorest kind of
feed. Under these conditions she
produced about 2,200 pounds of milk
a year. Now, under different manage«
ment, she Is producing 12,000 pounds
of 5 per cent milk ! Good feed and
proper management made the dif
One of Best Breeds Should Be Selected
and Followed, That Herd May Be
come Uniform.
For best success in the dairy busi
ness one of the dairy breeds should
be selected und followed, that the
herd may become uniform, care being
taken to get good cows with which
to start. There is more difference in
the cows of any breed than there is
in the different breeds, says one
A profit can only be expected from
good cows, so better start with five
good cows than 20 poor ones. With
five you will find satisfaction, less
work and more profit. If you expect
to raise the heifer calves for future
use be sure they are not only sired
by a registered bull, but that his ped
igree for great production of milk and
butter runs back #for five or more
generations on both sides.
We cannot all see our way clear to
begin with registered cows of high
merit. Good grades can usually be
bought costing but little more thun
scrubs and by careful breeding a herd
will soon be raised which will be both
a pleasure and a profit.
Whether Intended for Table or Cream
ery It Must Be Sweet to Secure
Highest Prices.
It Is no trick at all to keep milk
sweet In cold weather, but In hot
weather It must be handled very care
fully. Whether the milk or cream 18
Intended for the table, the creamery,
or the milk market, it must be sweet
If It Is to bring the best price. To
keep the milk sweet just two simple
things must be very carefully looked
after :
1. It must be cooled as completely
and as quickly after milking as possi
ble; and,
2. Absolute cleanness of palls, cans,
and cows must be secured. Souring
takes place because little Invisible
plants called bacteria get Into It In
dirt or by lurking In the corners and
seams of poorly cleaned palls and cans.
The remedy Is plain. Keep the bac
teria out by using seamless palls and
cans and seeing that absolutely no
dirt or dust gets Into the milk In the
stable or anywhere else.
Whether in Bam or Pasture, Animale
8hould Have Free Access to Freeh
Supply Twice Dally.
The average cow under normal con
ditions will drink about nine or ten
gallons of water dally. Whether In
the pasture or In the barn, cows should
have access to an abundance of fresh
water twice dally. Unless there are
good flowing springs, the best water
comes from wells and may be pumped
by windmills or gas engines. It Is un
wholesome for them to drink from
stagnant ponds or streams, but clean,
running streams are not objection
Animals Not in Healthy Condition
Should Be Taken From Herd
and Milk Kept Separate.
Cows not in healthy condition should
be removed from the herd and their
milk kept separate until the animals
are restored to normal health. Milk
from diseased cows should not be used
for human food. Serious udder trou
ble. causing garget or bloody milk,
must be cured before the milk U
Native Australian Is More Deadly
Than Bloodhound When Trailing
Criminal Through Desert.
The art of the professional tracker i'
n fascinating tiling to watch. The old
time western plainsman could trail a
deer for two days througli the forest. ]
the modern White mountain Apache of !
Arizona will follow a moccasined man
over broken jagged lava country: there
are said to be tribes,in the interior of
Brazil who can track for short dis
tances by scent. But the king and past
master of all trackers, the man who
can make an Apache look liljje an ap
prentice Boy Scout. is the bl.-J. k fellow
of Australia. He will perfon'i feats ol
tracking that are almost beyond belief
The native Australian peoples are
ranked very low in the scale human
ity. and it may be because they are the
most primitive of all races fhat they
retain an almost animal delicacy of
perception. They add to it. h%> wovor, a ;
very fine reasoning power in t^to things
of the bush, and by eoinhininé the two
finalities they ean tell not only where
the man or the animal they track is
going, hut even what he is doing on
the way.
The most spectacular exploits of the
trackers have been accomplished in
the pursuit of criminals, on whose trail j
they are more deadly than blood
bounds. The Australian mounted pn
lieeman takes a black tracker along !
when he follows a criminal into desert
or bush, and that settles it. The track
er will stay on the trail until the end
of it is reached. It may take a day or
week or a month—in one instance it
took ten weeks—hut the black fellow
never loses the trail for long. He will
trail across rocks, across wind-blown
sand, through a tangle of other foot
prints. he will pick up the track again
if the quarry takes to the water, and
he will report accurately the condition
of the man pursued, whether he is
strong or weakening.
So expert do these natives become in
tracking that they can recognize a
friend- or an enemy as readily by his
footprints as by his face. Personal
Identification of a footprint by an ex
pert black tracker is accepted as good
evidence in a court of law. Such a
tracker can even recognize the hoof
mark of almost every horse that b
known to him.
Philosophy of Slang.
A man in middle life recalls the
dang of his boyhood with some such
Indulgent wonder as that with which
an elderly woman looks at the fashion
plates of her early youth—"snide."
"cheese It." "sheeny." "chestnut,"
"spoony." or even those of more re
cent coinage, "snap." "skiddoo," "twen
ty-three." "thirty cents." They were ar
tificially changed with meaning, and
their effervescence is irretrievably
gone, writes Robert P. Utter in Harp
er's. "Lemon" and "lobster" are near
ly as flat. With disappearance of a
certain kind of early Victorian prud
ery has gone the vogue of such terms
ns "inexpressibles" for trousers. Du
Maurier's once famous novel has al
most reached the vanishing point In
the perspective of time, and we no
longer speak of feet as "Trilbys." It
Is not safe, however, to prophesy that
because a word come from a proper
name It will fade as fades the fame or
notoriety of the person. We have for
gotten what "Edgarism" is, but we
still understand "Bowdlerize." "Fletch
erlze" may yet make Fletcher Immor
tal. even as "derrick" preserves In the
dictionaries the name of a once fa
mous hangman.
New Light-Weight Alloys.
Two new light-weight alloys are in
teresting recent patents. The alloy of
aluminum with 10 per cent of calcium,
produced by a somewhat difficult op
eration, Is claimed to be not only much
harder and more durable than alumi
num alone, but to be more easily ma
chined. It is also 5 to 10 per cent
lighter, unlike aluminum hardened
with copper or zinc. It Is pronounced
especially suitable for automobile and
akcraft castings, and for other pur
poses requiring lightness, strength and
resistance to corrosion. The other al
loy Is a heavier one of aluminum and
iron, containing at least 70 per cent of
the former, with owe to six of the lat
ter. A small amount of zinc, copper,
nickel, cadmium, magnesium or man
ganese Is allowable, but the proportion
of silicon must be kept very low. The
special claim for this alloy Is that Its
freedom from risk of cracking and Its
Increased density, preventing leakage
of gases that might cause premature
explosion, adapt It for fuses and de
tonators for explosive shells.
Explosion* Compared.
A very worthy little effort that ex
plosion of ours, which Mr. Lloyfl
George heard at Walton Heath—but,
compared with what nature can do In
this direction, a popgun affair, says the
London Chronicle. When Krakatoa
blew her crazy old head off four and
twenty years ago, her rage was heard
3,000 miles away. Her commuted dust
drifted, miles high, round and round
the earth for three years, and gave us
such sunsets as had never before been
recorded. As to damage, the vixen set
up a wave which rocked the waters of
our British lakes and swallowed 300
villages and 36.500 people in Java and
A Trifle High.
"No more of these temperamental
manicures for me."
"What's the matter now?"
"I had one do my nails this morn
ing. She hummed »1rs from grand
"That's nothing to get mad about."
"True, but when she finished. I dis
covered that she charges grand opera
of iKTli-tiltiirt- I
Horse ami mule colts suffer more
from heat and tlies during July am!
August of their first year than at any
if her time, according to tin- experience
if the Missouri agricultural experi
ment station. IMiring these two
months many plump, well-developed,
smooth-haired youngsters become thin,
pet-bellied, listless and begin to show
staring coats. In tills condition they
are likely to he weaned in September
und perhaps before they have become
ijarifty again they are put on a scant
supply of dry winter feed. Such set
backs cut [irotits seriously.
Colts from work mares should he
kept ill the burn or lors while tiieir
mothers are in the field and should
not be turned In with their mot tiers
if ihe mares are warm immediately
on their return from the field at noon
or In the evening. They should be
■ ; y
iRA^IICAROiir^nCK poison^or cutworm pests
Parasites Cause Heavy Losses to
Farmers of the South.
Bloodsucking Pests Decrease Meat and
Milk Production—Increased Sup
ply of Food Is One of Coun
try's Urgent Needs.
(From the United States Department of
Tick eradication should be given an
important place among the measures
to be taken by southern communities
to meet existing conditions. An in
creased supply of meat is one of the
country's most urgent needs; and tin
South can do Its shure toward furnish- j
ing this Increased meat supply until
the tick has been put out of the way.
The United States department of ag
riculture says it Is proved every day
in the South that beef cattle that are
being robbed of blood by ticks will not
grow or fatten properly, ami that milk
cows subject to the same drain give
only scanty supplies of milk. They
cannot efficiently turn into food for sol
diers and civilians the hundreds of
pounds of grass, hay and grain which
they consume. They are wasters. |
made so by the ticks that feed on
them. j
iem. :
These are animals that live in spite
»Ho jmtfiû-fpvnr which ticks
of the cattle-fever germs which ticks
inject with their bites, and there is the
added loss to be charged against ticks
of the cattle which die from fever ; and
their number reaches Into the thou
Now that each pound of meat and
each glass of milk takes on un added
value among the tuition's resources,
more cattle must be raised and each
animal must be made to put on as
great a weight of meat or yield as
much milk as Is economically practi
cable. If this Is to be accomplished
In the South, the first step must be a
drive ugalnst ticks. The methods for
getting rid of these expensive pests are
well known and are already being
made efficient use of In many South
ern communities. Dipping vats filled
with solutions that will destroy the
ticks on cattle, and public Interest
which will Insist that all cattle be
dipped are the essentials, and when
these have been acquired lu a commu
nity a new day for cattle production
is sure to dawn. Cattle that have been
freed from ticks and kept free, as they
may be at small cost, put on weight
rapidly and make cattle raising among
the abundant feed supplies of the
South a truly profitable enterprise.
_ I
Blossom-end rot of tomatoes cannot |
be controlled by spraying, but It can 1
Can Be Almost Entirely Controlled by
Keeping Soil Moist While Plants
Are Growing.
be almost entirely controlled by keep
ing the soli moist all the time the
plants are growing. Irrigation is the
Ideal way of keeping the soli moist,
hut this method Is not practicable in
some cases. The next best method
is by mulching. This may be done
by covering the ground with straw,
leaves, hay, etc.
To Offset Acidity and Help Physical
Properties Specialists Recom
mend Use of Lime.
To offset acidity and also to Im
prove the physical properties of the
soil the garden specialists recommend
the use of lime.
Burnt lime should be applied at
the rate of 1,000 pounds to the acre
or slaked lime at the rate of about 1,
Ô00 pounds per acre.
I k.-pt separate until the mothers are
I thoroughly cooled.
.......ills should be eating grain and
a little grass or hay by the first of
July and If they have not yet learned
1 to eat grain, a clean mixture of equal
parts of crushed oats, ground corn,
and brau should he placed ill a trough
where they can get it at any time.
The lots should have plenty of shade
j ami If ttie colts are kept in the stahie.
the stalls should he partially darken
ed. taking care not to shut out the
breezes or free circulation of air. If
tlies cause much trouble, hung np oM
burlap bugs where the colts can walk
under them and scrape the tiles off
their bucks and sides. Proper care
may make a difference of from $10 to
$40 In tlie value of rite colt at weaning
time and These inexpensive methods
should be used to increase tlte owner's
profits as well as to make the colt do
Simple and Inexpensive Method Out
lined by Louisiana Station to
Control Insects.
I By E. S. TITRER, Louisiana Expert
ment Station.)
Uutworms may be checked by a very
simple and inexpensive method which
has just been tried out successfully on
tile experiment station garden of the
Louisiana State university. This is
done by means of a poisoned bran
mash which should he prepared as
follows :
Bran...................20 pounds
Baris green ............. 1 pound
Molasses................ 2 quarts
Oranges or lemons ......3 fruits
Water .................31£ gallons
Mix the bran and paris green while
j dry thoroughly In n tub. Squeeze the
juice of the oranges or lemons into the
water and add the pulp and peel after
chopping them into fine Hits. Dissolve
the molasses in the water and pour on
to the bran and poison, stirring at the
some time so as to make a damp mash.



and will tie ready for the night. The j (
cutworms, which feed at night, will eat
| this mixture In preference to attacking
the plants, and thereby get a dose of
j the poison. Care should be taken to
mo"' u -».....j- ...... ... .
Scatter this mixture broadcast on j
the ground among the growing plants, j <.
Thls should he done late in the eve- I
ning so that It will not dry too quickly j
: tue poison. » are annum m- lantm iu >
keep poultry and farm animals, as 1
hs children, from hnvinsr accès? i
well as children, from having accès?
to it.
Between Good Nursing and Medicine
Veterinarians Would Ssy Former
Is Most Important.
(By C. H. M'ELROY. Oklahoma Experi
ment Station.)
Animals that are sick should have
the benefit of good nursing.
Veterinarians, If required to choose
between good nursing and medicine,
would often consider the former the
more Important. To be a good attend
ant to sick animals one should be at
tentive, supply their needs and un
derstand them thoroughly, always
studying their well-being nnd comfort
In any disease. In any diseased ani
mal, first look for the cause, and. If
possible, remove It. Study the sick
animal, his surroundings, the work It
has done, feed, water, exercise and ex
posure. Sick animals should he placed
in comfortable quarters, which should
Include a box stall. This should be
dry. free from draft, warm and well
Box stalls are Indispensable on a
farm, and yet are uncommon. The
stall should be kept free from vapors
and should be clean, easily disinfected,
and have an nbundnnce of fresh air.
It often happens that animals are
found 111 In conditions that cause dls
I ease. Surroundings are often injuri
| ous, such as those subjecting the nnl
1 mal to extreme heat or cold and lncle
ment weather.
Southern Farmers Plan to Feed
Cottonseed Meal to Horses and
Mules, Saving Corn for People.
A plan Is being promoted in the
Southern states which has for Its pur
pose the conservation of corn for hu
I man food.
In the 11 cotton states there are
6.500,000 horses nnd mnles. If each
0 f these were fed two pounds of cot
tonseed meal per day It would release
four pounds of onrn each day from
the usual feed of nboht 14 pounds,
anti 200 days of such feeding to all
horses and mules In the stutes re
ferred to would release 100.000,000
bushels of corn for human food, and
the milks would be benefited by the
I \
Auihor o/LAKE end
My Dear Buck:
When the days are hot and the old
sun is doing his best for the corn and
his worst for the fisherman, it takes
our entire deck of tricks to lure the
game fish out of the deep, cool holes.
Midsummer heat drives the fish down
to great depth in search of cold water
anti during only a few hours in the
\. ry early morning and ut night they
come into the shallows to feed. At
that time casting will land 'em, the
rest of the day you simply have to go
down for them or sit on the cabin
porch and hold a talkfest on how you
landed tliut "big 'un" a couple years
Send the Bait Down.
For the hot weather, the greatest
little old coaxer Is live bait. Among
the most used live ones are the min
now', worms, helgramtte, crawfish and
frogs, while the grasshopper if used
as a surface bait on streams will get
a rise out of a big trout or bass, when
he wouldn't even take a look at a
j If you are after bass, old man. when
■ the mercury is popping high, locate a
; sand-bar or spring hole anywhere from
: thirty to a hundred feet down, if your
fishing waters go that deep, let your
little old live -huit slowly settle t*)
; them and you will get bass when the
■ other fellow finds It necessary to be
satisfied with pan fish.
A few seasons ago at a lake that is
I considered very civilized waters and
i which has been fished to a finish for
! the past twenty years, three fishermen
j landed as nice a hunch of small-mouth
i bass on a hot August day as ever falls
I to the lot of an angler, and at that gen
i eraily in his dreams. With a sun that
j burned through their shirts, these
j knights of the rod stuck to a spring
i hole they had located and from 90 feet
; of water caught 48 small-mouth bass,
S ten of which ranged from 3 V2 to 5
■ pounds. And the halt they used was
i the common, wiggling angle-worm.
The wall-eyed pike is by nature
J Ti Jr A A T
j ( S f ro u f or them in from 15 to 30
. 1 HP WU11*P\HI Jllhf IA UJ uuiuir «
j bottom fish and any part of the sca
j <. on y OU have to go down for him, al
I though nt night he often comes into
j the shallows to feed. The usual thing
feet of water. I have always had an
idea, old-timer, that in deep lakes you
could find him in warm weather in
deeper water, I tried It out and sure
> deeper water, 1 tried it out anu sure
1 enoUK h I found him there. I trolled
i « ninp« of nonr chore water with
over a piece of near shore water with
a depth ot about 15 feet and the av
erage wall-eye caught ranged from one
nnd a half to two pouods. I then
rigged up a regular deep-water trol
ling rig generally used for lake trout
and the first strike was a six-pounder,
I jrolled back und forth over this
stretch of water and landed seven
wall-eyed ranging from three and a
quarter to seven and a half pounds.
The average depth of the water was
about 50 feet. It varied between 30
and 60 feet.
How to Make the Rig.
The rig for this deep trolling Is eas
ily assembled and It sure takes your
bait down to them. Take an eight
ounce cone-shaped sinker and attach
It to the end of your line with a
swivel, then take three pieces of line
about three feet long and attach the
first piece with a swivel to the line
about three feet above the sinker.
Three feet above the first line attach
the second with a swivel and three
feet above that attach the other with
a swivel. On the three ends of these
lines swivel on nn eight-inch piano wire
leader, because the big wall-eyed pike
have teeth that will cut through a
line or gut leader. To your leaders
attach either a single hook or a treble
as you perfer; on each of these hooks
bait with a six to eight-inch shiner or
golden chub. Let your line down and
find bottom, then troll along very
slowly. The wall-eyed will strike very
mildly for his size and swim away
slowly with the bait, let him take It
some distance, then strike him and If
he is any size you will have a fine
time bringing him up to the boat. Fact
Is he will probably make a couple of
runs back to the bottom just when you
think you have him to net. With this
rig I had the fun of landing two wall
eyed pike at once, a three and three
quarter pounder and a five and a quar
ter and you can take It for mine, old
timer, I knew there was something
on the line when they both began to
"act up" for company. In making this
rig I think that you will save tackle
by using a weaker piece of line for
your sinker connection, than your reel
line, as the sinker Is liable to catch In
the rocks on the bottom, and If the con
necting line is weaker. It will break
and you only lose the sinker. A small
spoon, say about a No. 3 placed In
front of the bait will make It more at
tractive or an Archer spinner ought to
look good to most wall-eye.
Woman Saved From a Seri
oua Surgical Operation.
Louisville, Ky.—"For four
•uffered from female trou r b1 ®®'
aches, and nervousness. I ™uld w
aleep, had no appetite and it hurt me to
walk. If I tried to do ftnv wo'k, i
would have to He down^orea w
tors said I would
have to be opera
ted on and I simplv
broke down. A
friend advised me
to try Lydia EL
Pinkham's Vege
table Compound,
and the result Is I
feel like a new wom
an. I am well and
strong, do all my
__ own house work and
ha .'e an eight pound baby girl. I know
Lydia E. Pinkhara'e Vegetable Com
pound saved me from an operation
which every woman dreads." — Mrs.
Nellie Fishback, 1521 Chrisiy Ave.,
Louisville, Ky.
Everyone naturally dreads the sur
geon's Knife. Sometimes nothing else
will do, but many times Lydia E. P*nk
ham's Vegetable Compound has saved
the patient and made an operation un
If you nave any symptom about which
Î ou would like to know, write to the
,ydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn,
Mass., for helpful advice given free.
KIDNEY —thousands have It
«T>r»/"vïTm I? and do.i't know It. If
A 1\V v DLC you want good results
you can make no mistake by using Dr.
Kilmers Swamp-Root, the great kidney
medicine. At druggists In fifty cent and
dollar sizes. Sample size bottle by I
Post, also pamphlet telling you about It.
Address Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton,
N. Y., and enclose ten cents, also men
tion this paper. _
"Why did ('holly marry that girl?"
"He claims -she ruu after him."
"Well 7"
"And he didn't know what sort of
gait to adopt. Thought It would seem
undignified to do a sprint."
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know
what you are taking, as the formula is
printed on every label, showing it is
Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form. The
Quinine drives out malaria, the Iroo
builds up the system. 50 cents.
Strong Men.
Tolstoi could lift ISO pounds with
one hand, and when nearly sixty years
of age he walked 130 utiles iu four days
without fatigue.
It Is told of Lincoln that he wus able
to lift three times as much us an ordi
nary man.
Poe was an athlete. Lamb and De
Quincy were both great walkers.
According to Dr. Rogers, Johnsen,
Tennyson, Wadsworth, Browning, Gib
bon and Porson were men of great
physical powers as well as great ge
Washington was able to throw a sil
ver dollar farther than any man la
his time and covered 24 feet In the
broad jump, a record which stood un
equaled for a century.—Good Health
Heroes of Canine World.
The Belgian police dogs, on accotant
of their ability to detect and capture
criminals, and the great St. Bernards,
which were fnmous for their rescue*
of travelers lost In the alpine snows,
were considered the greatest heroes of
the canine world until the present war
Introduced the Red Cross dogs, whose
deeds of valor In front of the trenches
have saved the lives of thousands of
sorely wounded.—National Geographic
The man who sits down and waits
for fortune to come along and smile
on him needs a soft cushion.
No, Eleanor, the little dears are not
seen nt stag parties.
Whola Wheat
Malted Barky
skillfully blended
and processed
a most delicious
food in flavor
as well as a
great body, brain
and nerve builder.
There's aBeason

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