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COMMUNITY STORE IDEA BROUGHT TO U. S.
im fiOy umm mk m / m li % <?> KMRK « IWW ■~ What is believed to be the first community store in the United States of the type which is common in England, has been established in Wash ington, D. C. It is owned by the two or three hundred families which pat ronize'ft Goods are sold at as near cost as possible and the profits are paid to each member of the organization in proportion to the amount of goods he has purchased. The picture shows the interior of the store. Ed ward Evans, a native of England and manager of the store, is in the cen ter. He was a Congregational minister in Washington for four years before establishing the community store. ++++'H4 i H'+M++M4' An Ounce of Prevention By DR. SAMUEL G. DIXON Commissioner of Health of Pennsyl vania. i » 11 H"W* » WW Before the causes of disease were kuown or the practical application of nature's ways of producing immunity to disease, we had to suffer an attack of sickness and theu trust to drugs and nursing for cure. This was a difficult task nnd the death rate was sometimes enormous, both in times of peace as well as of war. Then the day of prevention came. Gradually the laws of nature unfolded until today we know methods of pre venting diseases and autidotlng the poisons generated by germs in the body. It was even as late as the Spunish Ameriean war that we lost more sol diers from preventable diseases than we did from bullets. This was a dis graceful thing, as sanitarians could have prevented the high death rate. From what we can learn through the newspapers and other sources, France today is short of disinfectants in her trenches. We do not see any great public excitement over this condition, or any concerted actiou of our good citizens to give their mites to pur chase and transport disinfectants for the French trenches so as to prevent disease. Therapeutics or drug treatment seems to continue to have a hold on the lay mind, and possibly, to some extent, on the medical mind. Both the people at home in every- i • day life and the soldiers in our army | are much to blume for the sickness that exists. The medical profession's j advice is not taken when these per sons are well, hut the moment they get good and sick they call : "Oh, doc- j tor. do relieve me from this awful j pain," or "Oh. doctor, suve my life!" Perhaps this call comes too late. A few words of prevention from the doc tor to the patient, and those few words obeyed, might have prevented the sick ness and saved suffering and sorrow. Do not let us lose sight, Individually or collectively, of preventing diseases both at home and In our military camps, let them be where they may. S The Mark of Honor. § »5 A He marches down the street With a proud and martial eye. And the people turn about To watch him pass them by; And his head is held erect. In his spirit's high command. For a badge upon his arm. He wears the khaki band. He steps out free and firm With a swinging to his tread. And an eagerness to serve. From the courage in him bred By the men who went before. Who its freedom won the land; Now he's treading in their steps For he wears the khaki band. He's the soldier of the flag. Ready for its sake to go Where the call of duty sounds. Fit to meet and fight the foe; We are proud, as forth he comes From the homes all o'er the land, With high courage in ills heart, On hts arm the khaki band. —Baltimore American. • POULTRY POINTERS : • • ••••••••••••••••••••••••ft* Remember, milk is meat when it conies to feeding chicks or hens. The best eggs for hatching come from flocks that have free range. Wnteh for head lice on the ducks. If found rub top of head with a small piece of lard free from salt It is a good plau to force egg; pro- ; duction, but nature may he material ly aided by good feed selection. The production of ducks especially should be emphasized at this time, be cause of the rapidity with which they grow. A laying hen Is nervous; if she is frightened or even startled much, there Is apt to be a miscarriage of eggs. "Keep Cheerful and Mind Your Own Business," Is the Message of John Burroughs John Burroughs, famous American naturalist and writer, and leading dis ciple of the simple life. Is eighty years old. He has lived with nature since boyhood, and knows the birds, the squirrels and the butterflies, the woods, the fields and the mountain streams. He was the friend of Lincoln, of Em erson, of Holmes, of Whittier and of Walt Whitman. His recollections of these great friends are sufficient com panions for John Burroughs in hts | 0 woodland cabin. "I am very happy in | my work, and I hope to write a book ; each year for many more years," he says. He Is at his best, despite his age, and leads an active life in the open. His message to the world is: business." Mr. Burroughs taught school in his youth, became a bank examiner, nnd had a promising career before him in financial affairs, when he discarded ambition for wealth to lead the simple life. His first hook was ills "Notes on Walt Whitman." published in ISO". During the past half-century ho has, written constantly, and has contrih- j i • | J • j J • J j • j s utod much to the nature library. He married Ursula North in 1857. and in the winter time he now makes his home with his daughter and grand children at West Park. N. Y. in of Keep cheerful and mind your own I j i ! ; i ••••••••••••••••••••••••ft Wise and Otherwise. 2 — • A good memory test is to re- J member the poor. • He is a wise farmer who nev- J er harrows the feelings of his • wife. J Marrying one's ideal husband • or wife is to take a mean ad- * vantage. • A grass widow is a woman J who succeeded in getting un- • married. 2 You may have noticed that • the road to success is shy of J rapid transit facilities. • Foresight consists in knowing * where to borrow an umbrella • when it begins to rain. • • >#••••••••••••••••••••••• For this reason, the poultryraan should carry on the work In the henhouse quietly and evenly. To destroy mites and keep the flock free of their depredations, insecticide sprays and a sanitary building are necessary. Ducks of most of the meat breeds, properly fed and managed, frequently weigh from five to six pounds at ten weeks of age. If it Is worth keeping poultry at all, It is worth making a good Job of It, and nothing except a good job will make a profit. After the grass gets tough chicks can catch more bugs and worms and will grow better on loose soil. The cornfield furnishes Ideal conditions. Be careful that the chicks, poults, ducklings and goslings do not have any food and cannot get anything to eat on the range which is moldy or musty, for such stuff causes canker and digestive troubles. The Leghorns today are a much bet ter breed than they were years ago. The tendency has been to breed larger birds and still retain all their charac teristics as producers of a large num ber of eggs. With larger bodies also has come the production of larger eggs, which is an added merit to the breed. Germ of Red Cross Idea. The germ of the Red Cross idea seems to date hack into the sixteenth century, when a gay young Neapolitan soldier saw the error of his ways, be came a priest, and devoting himself to relieving the plague-stricken, organized ; the "Fathers of the Good Death whose members were pledged to the same service and who wore on their breasts a red cross in memory of the sufferings of Christ. This was Cainil lus de Lollis, who fell a victim to the disease he combated, and who, canon ized by Benedict XIV, in 174«, became St. Camlllus In the Catholic calendar of saints. is Mother's Cook Book. The loyal heart is never alone, There are ever oomrailes real. Who will make the cause you love their own. And stand by you true as ste**l — Mary Sankst er. Seasonable Dishes. Bananas are fruit that ripe <>r well cooked befort Baked bananas may be idven to the little people. Peel a half dozen ha- i tutnas and place them in a baking dish ; with sugar, water, lefnon juice and a ! I hould he I Serving, j little* butter. Baste them often while baking and serve the sauce with the fruit. Corn Meal Muffins. Beat two eggs until light, add three fourths of a cupful of sugar—or honey may he used—a fourth of a cupful of softened shortening, one cupful of sour milk, n half teaspoonful of soda, two cupfuls of flour and a cupful of corn meal with a teaspoonful of baking powder and u half teaspoonful of salt sifted with the flour. Bake in hot but tered mutlin pans 25 minutes. Peach Ice Cream. Take a quart of thin cream, add a cupful of sugar, a teaspoonful of lemon juice, a fourth of a teaspoonful of salt, nnd two cupfuls of very ripe peaches put through a sieve. Mix and freeze. Chicken Pie. A verv good pie may be made from ,, • , crin«« an old fowl. Cook it first as for rrtcas | 0 btcken well seasoned and mold. This | | Irmv he serv ed with salad dressing on ; jpttuce. see, lay the pieces with pieces of pork in a buttered pudding dish, add slice of onion for flavor, season with salt and pepper, add a cupful of milk and cover with a good crust. Just before serving add a cupful of cream which will make any chicken pie delicious. Boil the bone of a fowl, add two or three tablespoonfuls of gelatine to the hroth with a cunful of finely minced | Mann «t h nd mold. This ! Iced Chocolate. Make a sirup of six tablespoonfuls of grated chocolate and two cupfuls of wfttpr rimmpr untll dissolved, then add four cupfuls of sugar and cook j seven minutes. Strain and add two teaspoonfuls of vanilla extract, a pinch of cinnamon if the vanilla is not liked. Put into a bottle and set In the ice chest. Use two tublespoonfuls in a j half cupful of ice cold milk, topped with three tahlespnonfuls of whipped j JyL^ird(L The Monitor Comes Back. British monitors are playing an Im portant part in the Italian advance to ward Triest. The monitors have again j,roved tia mselves In this war. They appear lie the only type of craft that can carry big guns into shallow water and bombard coast fortifications successfully. Submarines cannot fol low them into these shallows, and they have so little freeboard that they pre sent a difficult mark for the enemy to hit. Monitors took up the set work at the Dardanelles after the battleships had been lost or had been driven by subma rines to seek protected ports. Moni tors shell the Belgian coast when at tacks are made on the German bases there. Now they are shelling the Aus trian coast ahead of the Italians. And so far there has been no report of a single monitor lost. > TB-fl~ 8 ~ 8 Tn rn nrh mnnnmn SOME SMILES »JUUUULB AJLQ 0 C ftflU fl tt flJL A In a Crowded House. but it strikes me First Man—Cat we stay here all night? Second Man (helpfully) — We won't take up much room. I walk in my sleep. Quick Witted. Wife (awakened by noise)—Who is there? Burglar (sweetly)—It's—hlc—jus' me, dear. Wife—Oh, what a relief! Tact. Mrs. Blink—They say large feet are in favor now. Mr. Link—Then I'm sorry for you, Mrs. Blink, for you'll be hopelessly out of style. The Wrong Idea. "John.you seem to gain flesh every day; the grocery business must agree with you. What did you weigh last?" "Well, Henry, I really don't know, it was a pound of butter.'' An Innovation. "And you saw 'Romeo and Juliet' last night?" "Yes." j "How was the balcony scene?" j "Grand ! Romeo made love to the i girl in a hammock." I r Should Betrothals Be Advertised: By LAURA JEAN LIBBEY. and mine are thy fat for top forward and make troubi p and mine are m and all in thy fat mt . no more, \v t . have all heard of beaux, hut here's another trial that Ask me no mor sealed. 1 strove against th v . lin Let the great river take me to the ma No mote dear love, for at a tou 1 yield; a censoring ! . up his mind whether it is wisest and * | s«*j» % rc. pedant lovers I 1 may soon face— that of having h, t li e i r betrothal ; d. A idea , s to ! as establish as a he la w. it would checkmate i h e I backsliding be t*. who lias begun to ! weurv of his ! sweetheart ; nip j regist er statesman, anx ious to win fame, lias actually set j forth tiie which tie hop aril of ofT tlios boo hr promise eases, where the swain avers lie didn't and the maid he did. It would be a benefit to the timid bach elor who. like a moth, hovers about the fascinating widow, trying to make best to woo and wed or take unto hint self that old timely advice: "Beware i of widows." The enterprising widow j in such a case would have to await his decision, no matter how impatient she might tie to grasp time and the man by the forelock. j Of course, advertising a betrothal | has its advantages. Then, again, I | there's another side of the question j ! "hich bears weight against It. If a j modest girl has become betrothed to j a fickle lover and he deserted her, how i distressed she would feel to explain j how it came about to her gloating five j hundred friends. Again, many such 1 girls may actually become betrothed , half a dozen times before they decide J tliey have come across the right man. ! There are any amount of kin people | who would "have the laugh on them" ! for catching so many beaux, yet not getting one of them to the altar, j There are timid men as well as j timid women. Many a man would not | propose marriage if lie was under the necessity of having his intention to wed made public, lie may not care to hate ills associates find this out. If he has old loves in the back ground, what an opportunity for them j j j I Facts and Figures. Brazil lias $277,806,650 worth ÿ. of paper money in circulation. •;•! Netherlands In 191« imported :£ 840,000 sacks of flour of 50 pounds each. Amsterdam last year sent $S. :|' ; i «34,974 worth of tobacco to the ¥: United States. j Amsterdam yards have ship |:*; construction contracts aggregat j§ ing $10,000,000. jg Bank of the Netherlands holds $235,974,000 in gold, five ;g •:•: times the amount held before : : :; :%• the war. g United States corporations in j:|: the last fiscal year paid $170,- g: 037,040 In Income taxes. Indi viduals paid $160,528,588. J:-: Ireland in 191« sent out 7,3«« emigrants, of whom 1,78« were ;[;| :|:j males. Mosquito Can Be Destroyed Only By Eliminating Its Hiding Places, Says Expert That the people of every commu nity should unite against a common enemy—the mosquito—is the opinion of George A. Dean, Professor of en tomology in the Kansas State Agricul tural college. By doing away with breeding places, such as tin cans, broken crock ery, and various receptacles thnt hold water, by the drainage of bodies of water likely to contain immature mosquitoes, by application of oil to bodies of water that cannot he drained, or the introduction of fish In pools that cannot either be drained or oiled, millions of mosquitoes may he destroyed, according to Professor Dean. Water is necessary for the life of the mosquito. The eggs which are laid on the surface of the water by the adult mosquito, hatch in from 24 hours to several days, depending on the teiuperature. The larvae issue from the lower end of the egg and wriggle about in the water. The larvae of the house mosquito rest with the tip of the abdomen at the surface of the water and the head hanging downward. The larvae of the malaria fever mosquito lie parallel with the surface of the water to ob tain air. In from one week to ten days they change to another form— the pupae—which have two respira tory tubes on the thorax. These pu pae float In the water and transform to the adult in from five to six days. The adult winters in the dormant con dition. The germ causing malaria fever has of No all It I ! 1 I been carefully and repeatedly traced through its life history and It has with certainty been fount! to pass a part for top forward and make troubi him. baffling at one fell swoop his ex cellent resolve to turn over a new leaf, to settle down and marry. So there you are. When it comes to it, a man who lias the desire to marry lifter tindiug the right girl will uoi ...-rw , the law to force him to carry out his ' tickle fellow, ■s out. isn't it 1 "" vows. As for 111 "hose admiration flick h, ' st for II"* Kiri to he rtd of him with- j out the world knowing all about it? It ] would he the height of foolishness for j the maiden to resort to the law and j hind herself for all time to such a hu- , man bubble. It seems that such a law j would be productive of as much harm j ! as good. In-linquetii lovers should not ; he spurred on. Lost Interest in a man's i bean is seldom or never regained, j I Where there's no interest, how can «"TO be love? Betrothals are «acred j ! and should concern only the two whose i ! happiness is at slake, it is said that j youth is ever confiding. We can al- j j ma.., t need tt most forgive its disinclination to fol low the counsel of age. it rejects sus picion. Voting men entering betrothals generally mean what they say. MINOR LEAGUE PILOT HAS NO EASY JOB. SAYS DONLIN i Must Be Able to Play Every Role From j That of President to Third As sistant Groundkeeper. - \ managerial berth in the minor j leagues is no sinecure. Take Mike | Don tin's word for it. I Mike contends that in order to he a j first-class minor league pilot one must j have the patience of Job. the hypnotic j powers of Herb Flint, and the mental i and physical ability to play every role j from president of the club to third as j sistant groundkeeper. 1 As Donlln has tried his hand at man , aging a minor league club, lie ought to J know something about it. He was ap ! pointed manager of the Memphis club | of the Southern association last winter, ! and he announced at the time that he had high hopes of making good. But j last winter Mike didn't know anything j about the managerial game in the | hushes. He served as manager of Memphis until about May 15, when he was hand cd his release. He says that his trou bles begun when the club lost some thing like fifteen games by one run. Then tlie umpires commenced to make j at of its existence in man and part in the body of the mosquito. By the bite of the mosquito, the malarial fe ver organism is transmitted to man. No practical methods have been de vised to destroy adult mosquitoes— all successful methods so far have been to check their number by either doing away with hiding places or by destroying the young mosquitoes. Milk Is a Cheap Tissue Builder, Say Food Experts. A quart of milk Is equal in food val ue to eight eggs, a pound of steak, or hulf a pound of cheese. This is the statement of the committee on utiliza tion and economy, Kansas council of defense. Milk, it is pointed out, is a cheap tissue builder, because the protein that It contains is of a kind particularly I valuable for building tissue. Ordinarily milk Is the cheapest and most valuable source of lime and phos phorous. Milk Is deficient In iron, but the iron that It contains is particularly well utilized by the body. A Proposal. Sydney—I'd like you to go to church with me some time this month. Maxine—Certainly. I'd be delight ed. Sydney—Good! But can you have your troussi'-au made iu time? Ten Per Cent of the Men To Be Sent to the Front Will Be Soldiers of Mercy Readers perhaps are not aware thnt of the first million soldiers we send to France 100,000, or one-tenth, will be soldiers of mercy, nttached to the hos pital nnd sanitary wing of the army. Conscription does not close the doors of war service to boys of eighteen, nineteen and twenty years of age. Boys of thut higher courage which is able to go under fire without the moral support of a gun can find opportunity to endure danger for the sake of the country in this service, best ap ! preached through the Red Cross, writes Robert F. Wilson, In St. Nicho las. Eligible volunteers within and out ride of the conscription age are accept 1 <>d by the army for the sanitary service. In many cities and towns the Red Cross is conducting special training for I such volunteers—in the ambulance . . . ,, I training companies and in the sanitary h i J training detachments, volunteers trom the latter detachments face the most dangerous service, for they are the litter men, who pick up the wound ed <in the field of battle and hear them to the first-aid stations and evacuution hospitals, where they are taken by the ambulance for transportation to base hospitals. r ' ft;; ft -3 Ä SS IBä *» Bîi EPIGRHYMES: ^ p -IDEALS never get you * nothin'." so my neighbors say; "Ideals won't grow you a crop ner stack yoiyg fca summer's liny !" They laugh Its at me because I got a Es sneakin' sort o' plan to r* make ih m ■ i ■-.» •• «»arden for farm-work fun for even Bill, my hired man; they say I'm foolish I got a the wife, and 'cause I ** !llink ,hl,t lowers mean a* ^ much as cash, in life. But j p,.|s lots o' consolation Ifc* readln' Titcomh's words; «a his thoughts ARE sometimes R* >orta like THE soarin' o' ft* the birds that pluck this Ha WORLD'S spring freshness Hy from the farms of me an' you an' seetn to fly up Thar where them ideal things *** come true. We all are slaves ** lo MASTERS -to ambitions, ft* low or high: (Jeorge Washlng tt '4 ton lie had 'em; an' I like Ra to feel that I ''ail take them ». same ideals with my musket, into War perhaps, some day, «ü ft». ftu all men will see that Place where them birds soar! Kotiert Bussell. •Meats are world's masters." ftJt ftu fta ftv, ft; ftq ft!; ISU fts la ftî. ^ ft) Its *» i S t,t 1917, ty Iut'l i'ress Bureau.) life miserable for Mike, who is a hard lnsi-r. and finally he was Mamed for everything that went wrong. But Mike's case is only one inci dent. Dozens of minor league man agers have experienced the same trou bles that befell Donlln. and dozens of future managers in the minors will experience them. The minor league manager has a hundred and one burdens on his shoul ders. lie generally has to deal with a y 'Ns rvj M?ke Donlin. group of stockholders, and he has tc please them individually and collective ly. He must turn out a winner or stand for a continual panning front stockholders and fans. He must g<> out and scout for his own players, for the minors do not hire ivory hunters to assist tiie manager. He must do at least 60 per cent of the thinking for ills ball club on the field, and if the club loses a hard game through bone head work the manager gets the blame, whether he Is at fault or not. Just as soon as a minor league man ager gets a good club together along comes some big league club and he sees his winning combination broken up through sales or the draft. He must go out and dig up players to fill the shoes of those who are taken away, and if he falls to find talent as good as he has lost they say he is slipping. When Might Made Right. A clergyman while passing through one of Ute by-streets of Edinburgh came upon a rough-looking and gigan tic coal man, who was "persuading" his horse to move along more expedi tiously. The horse had taken a stub born fit, and the coal man was very excited, and couching his sentiments In language which was simply appall ing, snys London Tit-Bits, The clergyman was a little man, but rash, for lie rebuked the coal man in a manner thnt left absolutely nothing to be desired. "I cannot understand," he said, in winding up his expostulation, "what you mean by using s*uch harrowing ex pressions." This rebuke was lost upon the coal man. "My wee man," he replied, at the same time patting the clergyman on the shoulder with a very dirty band, "neither could I understand It—when I was your size." I Needless to say, there was no re . . , . , , Joinder, and the clergyman ssed on. _\ Just for Fun. "The Gadder girls have decided to take up settlement work." "That's good. It's encouraging' to see society buds with a serious turn of thought." "Uni. yes. But they seem to thii.\$ it's going to be a lark."