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The St. Charles herald. [volume] (Hahnville, La.) 1873-1993, October 06, 1917, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034322/1917-10-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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Autumn is the time to prepare for
a profitable corn crop the following
season. At corn-ripening time drop
all other business and select an abun
dance of seed corn. The process is
too Important to be conducted inci
dentally while husking. When select
ing seed corn give the process your
entire attention. Get the very best
that is to be had and preserve it well,
and your increased yields will return
you more profit than any other work
you can do on your farm.
In 13 years' investigations conducted
upon Scioto river bottom soil near
I'iketon, O., with Woodburn White
Dent, United States Selection 77, the
yield was raised from an average of
63 bushels of dry shelled corn from
3901 to 1907 to an average of 75 bush
els from 1907 to 1913. The principal
Influence producing this increase in
yield was the selection and the care
of seed corn.
Proper Selection.
The only proper way to select seed
corn is from the stalks standing where
they grew, ns soon as ripe and before
the first hard freeze. As soon as the
crop ripens go through the field with
seed-picking bags and husk the ears
from the stalks that have produced
the most corn without having any
special advantages such as space, mois
ture or fertility. Avoid the large ears
on stalks standing singly with an un
usual amount of space around them.
Preference should be given the plants
that have produced most heavily in
competition with a full stand of less
productive plants. In all localities
the inherent tendency of the plant to
produce heavily of sound, dry, shelled
corn is of most importance. Late-ma
turing plants with ears which are
heavy because of an excessive amount
of sap should be ignored. Sappiness
greatly increases the weight and is
likely to destroy the quality. In the
Central and Southern states, all other
things being equal, short, thick stalks
are preferable. Short stalks are not
so easily blown down and permit
thicker planting. Thick stulks are
not so easily broken down, and in
general are more productive than slen
der ones. The tendency for corn to
produce suckers is hereditary. Other
things being equal, seed should be
taken from stalks that have no suck
Store in Dry Place.
The same day seed corn is gathered
the husked ears should be put in a
dry place where there is free circula
tion of air and placed in such a man
ner that the ears do not touch each
other. This is the only safe procedure.
Good seed is repeatedly ruined be
cause it is thought to be already dry
enough when gathered and that the
precaution mentioned above is unnec
essary. Many farmers believe that
their autumns are so dry that such
care is superfluous. Seed corn in every
locality gathered at ripening time will
be benefited by drying as suggested.
If left in the husk long after ripening !
It may sprout or mildew during warm,
wet weather or become infested with
weevils. The vitality of seed is often
reduced by leaving it in n sack or in a
pile for even a day after gathering.
During warm weather, with some mois
ture in the cobs and kernels, the ears
heat or mildew in a remarkably short
time. The best possible treatment im
mediately after gathering is to string
the ears. Ordinarily the best place to
hang strings of ears is in an open shed
or loft Wire racks more con
venient, and in the end cheaper, than
binder twine. Such racks may be
made from electrically welded lawn
fencing. The cutting of the fencing
Into seed-corn racks is done without
any waste.
Only during unusually damp weath
er at seed-gathering time will fire be
necessary. If heat is employed in a
poorly ventilated room it will do the
seed ears more injury than good. If
used, the fire should be slow, long con
tinued, and situated below the seed
ears, with good ventilation above
Cover With Dry Wheat.
After hanging in the shed or lying
on the racks for two months the seed
cars should be as dry as a bone and
contain less than 10 per cent of mois
ture. They can remain where they
dried or bo stored in mouse-proof bur
[ reis, boxes or crates during the winter,
but in either case they must not be
exposed to a damp atmosphere, for
they will absorb moisture and be in
jured. Some fanners place the thor
oughly dried seed ears in the center
of a wheat bin and fill the bin with
loose, dry wheat.
In localities where weevils and grain
moths injure stored gryin, the thor
oughly dry seed ears should be stored
in very thin mouse-proof receptacles
with one pound of moth balls or naph
thalene inclosed for each bushel of
corn. This quantity tightly inclosed
with the corn will prevent damage
lrom these insects and will not injure
the seed. If at any time signs of wee
vils or grain moths show on the corn,
it should be inclosed with carbon bi
sulphide in practically airtight rooms,
bins, boxes or barrels for 48 hours.
The bisulphide should lie placed in shal
low dishes or pans on top of the seed.
One-half pint Is sufficient for a box
or barrel holding ten bushels or less.
One pound is sufficient for a room or
bin ten feet each way. After fumiga
tion the ears must be thoroughly aired,
taking the care that no fire is present
when the fumigating box is opened.
Ordering Early Will Allow for Delays
In Shipments, Miscarriage of
Freight, Etc.
(Clemson College Bulletin.)
There is a saying that In mldsnm
mer clover prices go up when um
brellas do; meaning that too much
rain Is unfavorable to the seed crop.
It drowns the seed. However, true
it is, conditions In clover districts at
present don't Indicate that now would
be a bad time to buy seed; and, seed
may advance In price at any time.
Another reason for buying seed now Is
that ordering early will allow for de
lays in shipment, miscarriages of
freigilt, etc., and will also give time
for a germination test of the seed to
be made before planting.
From 20 to 40 Per Cent Less Grain Is
Required to Produce Given
Amount of Pork.
The University of Missouri college
of agriculture has shown 20 to 40 per
cent less grain is required to produce
a given amount of pork when good
pasture crops are supplied throughout
the season. To effect this saving,
however, it Is necessary to limit the
amount of grain which is fed to hogs
on pasture so that at the end of the
grazing season the hogs will not be
They should be well-grown, have
large frames and be thin so that they
will profitably hog down the corn nec
essary to finish them for market.
No one knows when the gen
tle, dreamy-eyed mule broke
into history, say3 a writer in
Globe-Democrat. But he edged
or kicked his way in somehow
or other, has held his place for
some years, and one of the latest
chapters in which he figured
was the torpedoing of the Ar
He is distinctly an American
product. There are mules
abroad, hut they are not real
mules. The climate of the South
ern states and the southern por
tion of the Central states is re
quired to bring the mule to his
full development.
The southern planter depends
almost altogether on Missouri
for his mules. Roughly speak
ing, mules are divided into
classes, the cotton and the sugar
mule. The latter Is the better
grade, the huge, well-built ani
mals which are used on the su
gar plantations of the far South,
while the cotton mule is smaller
and better adapted for use in the
cotton fields.
w Yrrk.—rnfnrtiin:ite Spain—a
citizens fabulously enriched and
.the mass of the population bitterly im
poverished by the war, her banks so
surfeited with gold that the yellow
metal is at a discount and lier people
mostly going without sufficient to eat
-—seems to keep international observ
ers here on the brink of plunging into
a state of disorderly turmoil like that
recently witnessed in Russia.
The sanguinary events of the world
war distract attention from King Al
fonso XIII's country. But history is
being made there, which in normal
times would fill the front pages of the
newspapers and he the principal topic
of discussion here from the tea table
to the cabinet room.
Spain Is probably the hardest hit
by the war of all the nations except
those actually In the conflict. In the
early part of the war the agitation
between pro-ally and pro-German
groups was looked upon as a possible
source of trouble, hut this interna
tional question Is now overshadowed i
by n multitude of internal maladies ■
any one of which would ordinarily be
considered of major importance.
Alfonso Is Hissed.
Alfonso, the athletic young king,
has lost his former popularity. He
is hissed In the theater and stays
away from polo gumes because of an
ticipated disagreeable hostile dem
onstrations. This is because he is
blamed for the series of Impotent gov- j
ernments which battle weakly and
Ineffectually against the nation's mul
tiplying difficulties. But Alfonso is
no kaiser. He is as much at the mercy ;
of the conflicting political currents |
as his subjects. However, it is the |
prerogative of a king's subjects to !
blame him for everything that hap- I
Mail dispatches received here do
scribe the labor disorders in Spanish j
cities, which have resulted in several ;
hundred deaths, as likely to increase j
rather than diminish. Perhaps this |
is the most serious of the dangers j
threatening Alfonso today.
The radical workmen, to be com- i
pared with the Bolsheviki of Petro- J
grad, are pursuing a course of saho- !
tage and destruction in an effort to !
intimidate the authorities. But the '
outbreaks in different cities appear to j
have little connection and the move- j
nient is not well organized.
Whatever power the workingmen's
revolution has arises from the fact
that it costs two and a half times
as much to live in Spain ns it did be
fore the war, while wages, contrary
to the experience in most other coun
tries, have remained stationary or act
ually decreased.
Many lines of profitable manufac
turing have had to close, because their
markets in the Teutonic countries
and in Russia have been out off
by war lines and because England,
France and Italy are stringently lim
iting importations. In a few lines the
entente allies have demanded all Spain
could produce and have made mer
chants and manufacturers wealthy be
yond their wildest dreams. But these
exceptlous have not relieved the gen
eral situation.
Army Its Own Master.
The army so far has proved depend
able when set to the task of putting |
down the revolutionary workingmen. I
But Spain's army is almost self-gov
erning. as Russia's was for many
weeks last spring, before Kerensky
was able to use the spectre of defeat
by Germany to restore discipline.
Every army corps and smaller unit
has, it appears, a council of defense.
This is especially representative of the
noncommissioned officers and commis
sioned officers of lower grade, who feel
themselves ill-treated by the bureau
cracy at Madrid. It will be re
membered that in the army crisis
of a few weeks ago the officers were
able to force the release of their lend
rs who had been thrown into fortress
prisons. The army trouble is not set
tled. The officers demand technical
changes in organization, more pay, and
less favoritism in promotions.
A third clearly defined source of
trouble is the separatist movement in
Catalonia. The Catalans speak a dif
ferent language from the people of
Madrid. It might lie described as mid
way between French and Spanish, as
Catalonia lies between France and the
rest of Spain. The Catalan is insult
ed if called a Spaniard—"Catalan" is
what he likes as a designation of na
The province of Catalonia is the
wealthiest, most prosperous and most
progressive in the country. Its cap
ital, Barcelona, is the center and hot
bed of most revolutionary movements j
in Spain. Most of its people would
rather be part France than of |
Spain. They belie, « a hidebound, in- j
curably antique government at Ma- j
cl rid is preventing their taking a place 1
with the most advanced peoples on j
the globe. j
Other Spanish provinces would also J
like to break away from the Madrid
government, perhaps partly in imi
tation of Catalonia, but more on ac
count of what differences in race, lan
guage, manners and habits of thought.
These three causes of trouble men
tioned are easy for a foreigner to un
derstand. But when the untutored
American comes to plunge into the in
tricacies of Spanish political parties,
constantly dividing., changing their
platforms and making new alliances,
the head swirls.
Three Parties Pro-Ally.
At the present moment the social
ists, republicans and reformists, mak
ing up the so-called "Block of the
Left." are combined, Until the recent
I are
Country Seems to Be on Brink of

Plunging Into State of
King Has Lost His Popularity and Is
Hissed When He Appears In
Public—Three Parties
Are Pro-Ally.
Tlds latest photograph of the Prin
cess Jolanda of Italy shows n smile
that reveals her joy at the successes
the Italian arms have been winning in
the Carso and along the Isonzo, where
the Italian forces have been steadily
driving back the Austrians from one
mountain fastness to another. It is a
smile that she shares with everyone in
Italy, for the whole nation is filled
with joy at the glorious prospect of
victory over their foe of centuries, and
well may they be glad, for the fighting
men of Italy have covered themselves
with glory in the fighting above the
clouds. Princess Jolanda is the eldest
daughter of the king and queen of
Italy and like them she has endeared
herself to the Italian people during the
Internal troubles became paramount
tills "block" was concentrating Its ef
forts on throwing Spain into the war
as an entente ally. Spain's grievances
against the Germans are almost ex
actly like the United States—-contin
ued outrages on undefended merchant
ships by the U-boats.
Not to go into ali the maze of de
tails, one may say in general that the
conservatives, the clericals, the high
army officers and the leaders of the
old aristocractic families favor Ger
But there are notable exceptions to
the general rule that the aristocrats
favor Germany, one being the Duke of
Alba, whose family has been famous
in history for centuries.
The king himself Is believed to lean
toward the entente. His consort.-Ena,
is British through and through. In
fact, she has incurred some unpopular
ity by failure to conceal her prefer
ence for England to Spain.
But what the king may do matters
little. High officers in the government
at Madrid is confined to a group of
about a thousand men, bureaucrats
no less stupid if not so brutal as those
of the czar. Cabinet follows cabinet
in an endless, wearying round. Each
one is destined to failure from the
start, because of the brainless hidal
gos in positions of importance, if for
no other reason.
Thus, unhappy Spain stumbles on.
She is buffeted by blasts from all
directions. The Spaniard is a natural
revolutionary. There seems little i
likelihood of a solution of the coun- j
try's troubles—little chance that any !
sort of a firm, strong central govern- j
ment will take control and lead the
people in the ways of a modern pros
porous democracy.
Carlists Also a Danger.
Unusual as it would seem in these
days, Spain may even witness con
flicts over the crown. The Carlists
are very strong. - Most of the pro
German conservatives are Carlists.
They favor the claims to the throne
of Don Jaime of Bourbon, Duke of
Madrid, only son of the late Don Car
los. who now lives at Frohsdorf, in
Austria, and is entirely identified with
the German party in that country.
One thing is quite certain. Alfonso
would fight for his throne. He would
not yield weakly to force—whether of
fered by the Carlists or bv any other
of the many potentially hostile par
ties or combinations,
climb down in trembling, silent impo
He would not j
fence, like Nicholas Romanoff. He is
a soldier ami a real one.
But Alfonso might bow to reason,
where force would not avail. In a
light moment he offered once to run
ns candidate for Spain's first president
should the people desire a republic.
Yet Spain's troubles are too deep
seated and to involved to be cast off
with a change of constitution. What
would help lier most is the ending of
the great war. If the war goes on
Spain's woes appear certain to in
Brothers Who Have Never Been Sep
arated Want to Be Together
In Army.
Los Angeles, Cal.—Ilnrry F. and
Herbert N. Langlois, twin brothers,
twenty-six years old, played together
when youngsters, studied through
school life together, received their
diplomas on the same stage, were part
ners in the business world and had
never been separated a day in their
lives when Harry was notified in Los
Angeles he had been selected for Uncle
Sam's Liberty army. Herbert's number
was down near the end of the list, but
when he heard his brother hud to go
to war he immediately began settling
up ids end in the Hughes Arizona Cop
per company and announced lie would
join Harry in the trenches.
"We are not going to let the war
separate us now," said the brothers at
their home here. "We have never been
separated a day, and as we lived to
gether so we would choose death to
gether, If such should be our lot.
Neither of us wants exemption. We
are both ready to fight for Uncle Sam
and we have no dependents."
could eat.
But It Is Not the Lure of Music That
Lands Them—New Fish
Macon, Mo.—"They have a new
wrinkle for catching fish at Elmer,
and it is wonderful the luck they have."
Alva Willoughby, circuit clerk, re
marked, swapping experiences at the
courthouse. "About fifteen of us
pitched camp on a lake north of town
and then set lines across zigzag, like
German entaglements, you know.
When all was ready the fiddler sat on
a log and played 'The Arkansaw Trav
eler' and other classics. And you ought
to have seen the fish come in ! By !
noon we had more than the party j
They tell me they always [
take a fiddler along when they go j
fishing up there."
"I see," County Clerkk Sears said, j
"The music charms them, and they go j
blindly toward it and are caught on
the lines."
"Not exactly," Willoughby replied.
"You see, we put the musician at the
other end of the lake and in paddling
to get away from the noise the fish
run into the hooks."
Ostia Again Will Supply Food
Coal After Sleep of Nearly
Ten Centuries.
Rome.—After a sleep of nearly ten
centuries, Ostia, the ancient port of
Rome, will now be reconstructed to
supply Rome with cereals, coal and
other necessaries. Under the Caesars,
In the most glorious period of the
Roman port, especially for the Ian<>
ing and storage of free grain, which
the emperors had to give the Romans
if they would keep them in a good
temper. Little by little the Tiber filled
up the port with mud, and under the
troubles of barbarian invasion Ostia
became wholly deserted. Many times
the Romans have desired to rebuild
the port and facilitate food supply,
hut it costs money, and jealous Na
pies, whose port now supplies Rome, :
raised great objections. The com- j
mune of Rome has, however, gained
a victory, and the governor has sane- j
thn rohirfh nf nnn c\f thn nlflpat I
tinned the rebirth of one of the oldest
ports in the world.
Paris Styles for Coming Winter Are
Designed to Economize on
Taris. —Dress styles of tbe coming
winter are designed to economize on
woollen fabrics as much as possible.
The Master Dressmakers' association
of Paris has decided that not more
than r>% yards of cloth shall be used
in making a dress. This compares
with un average of ten or twelve yards
two years ago and seven yards last
The association also has decided to
use silk and national products ns
much as possible and decrease the
amount of cloth imported. The Tail
ors' association nnd the large fashion
able simps have agreed to this reform
and are creating new models to con
form to It.
Some Fish Story.
Portland, Ore.—When George H.
Lynn returned from a Hood river fish
ing trip and cleaned one of his trout
he found in the stomach of u 17-inch
specimen a seven-inch mountain trout.
Stomach fluids were just starting to
digest the smaller fish. Curiosity
prompted Lynn to open the stomach of
the swallowed fish and there he found
the remains of two still Ȁalier trout.
Yonr bosky will nn erct ydeT) bv vonr drnzzlirt
wlthontanv question if th',8 remedr !■ rut her.-fll
every case of A'thma, Bronchia. A- burl and th®
Asthmatic symptom» aeconu-anyitiK Hay s hit. No
natter how vloient tho attacks or obstinate the ca»a
positively gives INSTANT KHLÎHF In every cas©
and has permanently cured tin aisands who had been
considered Incurable, öfter having tried everjrotheJ
means of relief In vain. Asthmatics
s of this guarantee cfTerth
druggist. Buy a ftfccent package h
— * -,iur dm
themselves of this guarantee ■ fT**r through theirown
announcement to your druggist. You will be th«
ever? (
houid i
gh their
present thli
Bole Judge as to whether you are beneflticd and the
druggist will give von back your money if you are
not* We do not know of any fairer proposition
which we could make. [6j
R. Schiffmann Co., Proprietors, St. Paul, Minn,
Alaska's 1910 fox skin output wa»
valued at $28,000.
Dr Perry'« "Dead Phot'*
ret a "lo
zengo" or '
'syrup," but a r»
11 OI
1 fashioned
dose of m*
•tlicine which c
out Worm©
or Tapeworm with a Bing!*.
is always repi
nted as s
female, but it Is difficult for some mar
ried men to understand why.
Dr. B. F. Jackson, Celebrated Physician,
handed down to posterity his famous*
prescription for female troubles. Now
sold under the name of "Femenlna." 1 '
Price 50c and $1.00.—Adv.
A—I need $5 and I've got only four,
B—That's easy. Pawn the $4 for
$3 and sell the ticket for $2.
Apply a few drops then lift
corns or calluses off with
fingers—no pain.
Just think ! You can lift,
off any corn or calla
without pain or soreness,
A Cincinnati man discov
ered this ether compound
and named it freezone. Any
druggist will soil a tiny bot
tle of freezone, like hers
shown, for very little cost.
You apply a few drops di
rectly upon n tender con»
or callus. Instantly ths
soreness disappears, then
shortly you will find the
corn or callus so loose that
you can lift it right off.
Freezone is wonderful. It
dries instantly. It doesn't
eat away the corn or cal
lus, but shrivels it up with
out even irritating the sur*
rounding skin.
Hard, sffft or corns be
tween the toes, as well as
painful calluses, lift right
off. There is no pain be
fore or afterwards. If your druggist
hasn't freezone, tell him to order »
small bottle for you from his whole*
sale drug house.—adv. O
Reproof Not Effective.
The new maid would not rise early
enough. Gentle reproof seemed vala
and finally the master and nilstreia
tried the Inferential method of blamo
and left ttie damsel asleep w hils t
«hey prepared the breakfast for them
"We'll shame her to it," said the
Not a word was said until nine
o'clock the same evening, when the
girl tapped at the door of the sitting
"Is there anything else I can do^.
mum?" she respectfully inquired.
There was nothing and she turned to
go to bed, but at the door remembered
"If you're down before me in the
morning, mum," she observed, "yonH
find the eggs In the Icebox in the pan
Quick Punch.
The daily pinochle game in th»
smoker was going on as usual *h en
suddenly one of the commuters j maned
to his feet and yelled wildly for
newsboy. ®
"Give us a new deck of cards, qufek t*>
he cried when the hoy answered hi
Knmmnnc "Tim '*OndllCtOr jll-St J ^ **
summons. "The c<
the ace of
diamonds Instead of
< 5 L
Supreme Sacrifice 8ugge<
As another means of cons«*«*
natural Resources, talk less and think
Advertiser. *
Sait aad Yeast>
-««iS ??—
*" Vt * r * * *u®0*.
The wholesome
ruatr itiorv
of wheat and
barley in most
appetizing form

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