Crepe do chim* ha.® proven ns dur
able and as «hiiiily ns line batiste, naln
■sook, or the finest muslins, for making
lingerie. All mult /garments are to be
ha<l in silk or cotton, in exquisite
weaves of both. Choice between them
is to be settled according to individual
taste for they arc equally well made
and beautifully trimmed with hand-em
broidery and lace.
Just now the graceful empire stales
ttre having a special vogue for negli
gees, nightgowns and chemise. In the
ast garment the envelope pattern is
&t least as popular as the older plain
EMPIRE STYLES IN LINGERIE.
chemise and Is likely to gain the lead
tas It is never inconvenient to walk in.
'Sometimes the plain garment will gath
er up about the knees and have to be
artraightened out. For this same rea
son bloomers are preferred to short
underskirts, and silk makes the best
petticoats for walking.
A lovely night dress of crepe de
«chine is shown in the picture above
with an envelope chemise to match. It
Is laid in flat box plaits across the
front and back, fastened down on the
«anderside to a line below the bust.
Slashes in the material, buttonhole
stitched about their edges, allow a nar
row satin ribbon sash to be run
Through. It is tied loosely with long
loops and ends at the side. Tho gown
may be made without the slashes for
Those who would dispense with the rib
There Is a narrow lace edging above
ai small beading about the neck, carry
"Lag baby ribbon. Tabs of val lace in
sertion are set in the silk all about
The top of the gown and sleeves. The
sleeves are merely short puffs, but in
many models they are longer, reaching
to the elbows ami loose at the bottom.
The chemise hus no sleeves but is sup
ported by satin ribbon like that used
j»*s a girdle, over the shoulders.
Undergarments for women have
<readied the limit of fineness and dnin
GAMES FOR HALLOWEEN.
f'uiess of materials. There is little dif
ference in price between the cotton
jnnd the silk ones and even in the most
■expensive things, ns in the case of
blouses, fine cotton® vie with silk.
♦•qually sure of favor with the most ex
The next thing on the year's pro
gram for the younger generation is
the celebration of Halloween. We
might as well provide entertainment
for the youngsters at home, otherwise
they will go out and provide it for j
rhemselves in ways that may not suit
îhc neighbors. But they will take de- I
lighted interest in the time-honored j
Halloween frivolities varied bv any ;
new numbers introduce into their
Of course, they must have their ap
ple-eating contest, and mir looking
into a mirror in a dark room end the
always amusing "shadow snow." The
last requires only a sheet stretched
up in a doorway between two rooms.
One of them is darkened, for the spec
tators, and the other furnished with a
single very bright light which throws
the actors' silhouettes on the sheet.
Some one may read a story or legend,
to be illustrated by the actors that
puss across the sheet, and close to it
as their cue comes. Funny stories
Processions of spooks, carrying
small lanterns, and calling at neigh
bors' houses on their rounds, make
the youngsters have the time of their
lives. They become ghosts, black cats,
witches or animated pumpkins, simply
by making masks of crepe paper. One
of these masks is shown in the pic
A "Halloween pic." for a table cen
terpiece, Is shown at the right of the
picture. It Is made of paper over a
round pasteboard box. When the
"pie"' is ready to serve, the box is
filled with all sorts of nonsensical toys,
each attached to a strip of yellow
baby ribbon. The ribbons are brought
through an opening in the coûter of
the pie at the top. and euch ribbon is
extended to one plate at the table. One
by one the guests draw forth their
portion, wrapped In a piece of paper,
and when all ar> drawn, they are nn
The children ahvuy>
reveals the future each
may east ;
• once into
p -rs date 1
■a cli receh
likes a my
re each one
I "post of
\s a letter
• r. even if
a distinctive touch to
suit and no wardrobe
the complexion of tlo- promised hus
band is totally different with each new
Fancy vests are quite the smartest
accessories to dress tha- fashion has
*■ new fab
introduced this sca
without them. They are made of
satin, faille, moire. Sammy cloth, brtx
endos, broadcloth and novelty silks.
tor CITIZEN - SOLDIERS
Issued by the War Department and All
Rights to Reprint Reserved
GETTING AHEAD IN THE ARMY.
Since regimental and company offl
cers have full responsibility for the ef '
Bclency of their teams they are given I
çorrespondlug authority in promoting
men from the ranks to positions as
noncommissioned officers. For all prac
tical purposes their Judgment as to the
men under them is regarded as final.
One point as to which you may feel
assured is the earnest desire of every
officer to give promotion to the men
who arc best qualified In other words,
to select the men who have cultivated
ihe soldierly qualities and in addition ;
sliow capacity for further development
mid for leadership. The officers arc
fnlly as much interested In promoting
men on the basis of merit as any of
the men are interested in securing pro
motion. For the officers' own burdeua
arc lightened and their success is In
creased almost in direct proportion io
their ability to promote the right men.
The first rank above private is cor
poral. The corporal should be a real
leader. He is expected to be more fa
miliar with the varions manuals and
regulations nud with the duties of the
men in the squad than are the men
themselves. He is expected also to use
his influence strongly toward building
up soldierly qualities among these
Among the qualifications which nil
noncommissioned officers should pos
sess The following have been selected
by one military writer as being of the
1. Proficiency as guidas in doseorder I
«Mils, and particularly as column lead- ,
ers In route marching. I
2. Aggressive leadership, especially j
in drilling, marching and lighting. j
Ö. Ability to act as instructors. j
4. Thorough knowledge of the elc
meats of field service.
5. Thorough knowledge of iuterior
0. Skill in range finding and in esti
mating distances so as» to assist men in
7. Proficiency In leading patrols.
8 . Ability to prepare written mes
sages that are clear, complete and con
9. Ability to sketch and read maps.
This list will suggest some of the
lines along which you should work,
whenever you have the chance. Many
of the noncommissioned officers in the
National army will be chosen, not only
[because of the knowledge or skill they
already possess, but also because they
show capacity for further development
and for leadership.
This question of winning promotion
all comes back to the question of mak
ing yourself a thorough soldier, of
demonstrating thfit you possess loyal
ty, disciplined obedience, physical fit
ness, intelligence, cleanliness, cheerful
ness, spirit, tenacity- and self-reliance
—the nine qualities of a soldier.
The National army must fit Itself for
effective service at the front in the
shortest possible time. To accomplish
this result it must produce out of Its
own ranks men who are fitted for pro
motion first to places as noncommis
sioned officers, either in the first con
tingent or more probably in later con
This need is your opportunity. It is
an opportunity not merely for personal
advancement—which in time of war is
a small thing to work for—but more
than that, an opportunity to render to
your country the most effective service
of which you are capable. Strive to
fit yourself for the duties and responsi
bilitles of leadership. Make yourself
count to the utmost in the victorious
defense of American rights and prin
ciples which the national army will
War the Simplifier.
War is a powerful solvent of .super
fluities. At the front men speedily
learn how to dispense with most of the
little luxuries and get along with few
er articles and only those which can
stand the acid test of durability. The
latest discovery reported is that glass
mirrors are dangerous, being liable to
Inflict wounds if smashed by gunfire,
and the soldiers are resorting to pol
ished metal surfaces when they shave
—one of the many remarkable rever
sions to ancient customs the war has
brought about, as the ancients knew
of no other mirror. In the home lands
of the nations engaged in tho conflict,
too, it is a common observation of
writers that people are getting down
to the elementnls of life very quickly;
the recent English books reflect a
changed world in society, so much has
disappeared that was formerly seen
In general use.—Exchange.
A Stockholm correspondent reports
!t Is claimed that an approach toward j
the solution of perpetual motion has
been made by Theodor Dioden of Karl
•sund and that a clock of his invention
has been running continuously without
other agency than varying atmos
pheric pressure since November. 1916.
Ills invention consists of a chain of
communicating boxes with clastic
Sides, containing air at a pressure of
757 millimeters at a temperature plus
18 Celsius. It is asserted that an ex
treme movement of 28 centimeters—
nearly ten inches—can be produced by
extreme atmospheric pressure, and that
this movement is communicated to the
You are careful to observe the orfli*
' nary courtesies In your civilian life.
I You would soon make yourself offe.u
she to all your friends If you were In
the habit of passing them with a cold
stare or a discourteous nod.
These customary ruies of good breed
ing apply in a slightly different form
ln the army. There is the same rea
son fur them fu the army as In civil
life. Courtesy helps to make the great
army machine run more smoothly. I
i* the outward sign that the rigid re
; la (ions exist among officers and tuen.
These right relations should be glv
eu expression both within the military
camp and ontslde. "Courtesy among
military men is indispensable to dis
cipline: respect to superiors will not
be confined to obedience on dnty. bnt
will bo extended on all occasions."
(Army Regulations, paragraph 4.) The
obligation to show proper courtesy is
binding upon officers Jtist ns well as
upon men. The commanding general
of the army Is required to be courte
ous to you, .lust as you are required to
be courteous to him.
Courtesy among military men is
shown by speaking nud acting in a re
spectful manner. It is shown also by
using the correct form of recognition.
This correct form when meeting or ad
dressing commissioned officers is
known as the military salute.
"In the old days the free men of
Europe were all allowed to carry wcap
ons, and when they mot each would
j l 0 i ( | U j, j,i s right hand to show that
he hful no weapon In If and that they
, 11( q ils friends. Slaves or serfs, how
ever, were not allowed to carry weap
ons. and slunk past the free men with
out making any sign. In this way tho
salute came to be the symbol or sign
by which soldiers (free men) might j
recognize each other. The lower j
classes began to imitate the soldiers j
in this respect, although In a clumsy, j
apologetic way, and thence crept into i
civil life the custom of raising the j
hand or nodding as one passed an ac* j
quaintance. The soldiers, however, j
kept their Individual salute, and pur- !
posely make it intricate and difficult to
learn, in order that it could be ac- j
quired only by the constant training j
which all real soldiers receive.
To this day armies have preserved j
their salute, and when correctly dona j
it is at once recognized and never j
mistaken for that of a civilian. All 1
soldiers should be careful to execute j
the salute exactly as prescribed.
In order to give the salute properly
when you are without arms, first as
sume the position of a soldier (as de
scribed in a preceding lesson), or if
you are walking carry yourself at at
tention. Look the officer you are to j
salute straight in the eye. When be i
Is a few paces away from you "raise :
the right hand smartly till the top of
the forefinger touches the lower part j
of the head dress or forehead above j
the right eye, thumb and fingers ex- j
tended and joined, palm to the left. !
forearm Inclined at about 45 degrees. !
hand aud wrist straight. Continue to |
look the officer you are saluting j
straight in the eye and keep your hand !
in the position of salute until the offl- I
cer acknowledges the salute or until j
he has passed. Then drop the hand
smartly to the side. The salute is giv- j
en with the right hand only." (Manu- j
al for Noncommissioned Officers and |
Privates, section 0.) It will be well j
for you to practice this movement be- j
fore the looking-glass and be prepared !
to e f eruU ' !>™Perly as soon as you
get into uniform.
You will learn the rifle salute after
you have reached the training camp.
In general, it is used whenever you
are carrying a rifle, except when on
guard duty, in which case you ordi
narily present arms instead of salut
The exact conditions under which
tho salutes arc given need not be re
peated in detail here. It is enough for
the present to learn you are to salute
al! commissioned officers (net merely
those of your own company or regi
men or those with whom you are ac
quainted), except when you are in
a military formation or when you are
at drill, work, games or mess. When
in formation, you do not salute or
come to the position of attention un
less an officer speaks to you.
Never forget that It is not only re
quired of you as a duty, but Is also
your right and privilege, to salute all
commissioned officers and to have your
courtesy returned. Tills statement as
sumes, of course, that you arc In good
standing as a soldier. A military pris
oner is uot permitted to salute.
It is the custom of the army la
speaking to an officer to stand at at
tention and use the won) "sir."
"When an officer enters a room
where there are several enlisted men,
the won! "attention" Is given by some
one who perceives him, when all rise,
uncover and remain standing ut atten
tion until the officer leaves tho room
or directs otherwise. Enlisted men at
meals stop eating and remain seuted ;
at attention." (Infantry Drill Regula
tions, paragraph 759.)
Salutes are not exchanged between !
noncommissioned officers and enlisted j
men. However, this does not mean :
that you are not to treat them with i
respect and courtesy. In a general !
way show them the same consideration j
that you would show to men in cof !
resoonding positions In civil life« 1
Don't Neglect Kidneys
Swamp-Root. Dr. Kilmer's Prescrip
tion, Overcomes Kidney Trouble
It h now conceded by physicians that
the kidneys should have more attention
us they control the other organs to a re
markable degree and do a tremendous
amount of work in removing the poisons
and waste matter from the system by
Altering the blood.
The kidneys should receive some as
sistance when needed. We take less ex
ercise, drink less water and often eat
more rich, heavy food, thereby forcing
the- kidneys to do more work tlun nature
intended. Evid-nce of kidney trouble,
such as lame hack, annexing bladder
troubles, smarting or burning, brick
dust or sediment, sallow compdexi n,
rheumatism, mu; he w eak or irregular
heart action, warns you that your kid
neys require help immediately to avoid
more serious trouble.
An ideal herbal compound that has had
most remarkable success as a kidney and
bladder remedy is Dr. Kilmer's Swamp
Root. 1 here is nothing else like it. It
is Dr. Kilmer's prescription used in pri
vate practice and it is sure to benefit you.
Get a bottle from your druggist.
However, if you wish first to test this
Sjeat preparation send ten cents to Dr.
Ktlmer 4 Co., Binghamton, X. Y., for a
»ample bottle. When writing be sure and
mention this paper. Adv.
"Two wrongs don't make a right,
A senator was discussing the food
"While the bill has Its drawbacks,"
he went on, "there would be worse
drawbacks without It, and so we can
face our opponents like the lady.
"'My love,' her husband said to
this lady, 'you spend all your money !
getting your palm read.'
"She smiled sweetly.
" 'And you, dear,' she retorted,
'spend all yours getting your nose
Codfish Are Scarce.
Last year the codfish caught off the
("oast of New England amounted to 60.
000,000 pounds—less than half tin*
amount caught a hundred voars ago.
BREAD WITHOUT SALT IS TASTELESS
A medicine chest without Magic Ar
nica Liniment Is useless. Best of all
liniments for sprains, swellings,
bruises, rheumatism and neuralgia.
Three sizes, 25c, 50c and $1.00.—Adv.
"I like a man who will handle any
thing without gloves."
"How about iive electric wires?"
Out of the Mouths of Babes.
"Papa built rac a wagon today."
"Is that so? He must be smarter
than he looks."
For Forty Years Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound has Relieved
the Sufferings of Women.
It hardly seems possible that there is a woman in this
country who continues to suffer without giving Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound a trial after all the evi
dence that is continually being published, proving beyond
contradiction that this grand old medicine has relieved
more suffering among women than any other medicine in
Mrs. Kieso Cured After Seven Month's Illness.
Aurora, 111.—"For seven long months I suffered
from a female trouble, with severe pains in my back
and sides until I became so weak I could hardly
walk from chair to chair, and got so nervous I
would jump at the slightest noise. I was entirely
unlit to do my house work, I was giving up hope of
ever being well, when my sister asked me to try
Lydia E. Pinkham's \ cgetable Compound. I took
six bottles aud today I am a healthy woman able to
do my own housework. I wish every suffering
woman would try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
__Compound, and find out for herself hew good
Mua. Kaiu. A. Kitso, 5% North Ave., Aurora, Ilk
Could Hardly Get Off Her Bed.
Cincinnati, Ohio.—^1 want you to know the good Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Compound has done for ine. I was in such bad
health from female troubles that I could hardly get off my bed. I
had been doctoring for a long time and my mother said, 'I want you
to try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.' So I did, and it
has certainly made me a well woman. I am able to do my house work
and am so happy as I never expected to go around the wày I do again,
and I want others to know what Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound has done for me."—Mrs. Josie Copnek, 16G8 Harrison Ave,
Fairmount, Cincinnati, Ohio. (£>
If you want special advice write to Lydia E. Pinkham Medi
cine Co. (confidential) Lynn, Mass. Your letter will be opened,
read and answered by a woman and held in strict confidence.
DR.TUTTS LIVER PILLS FOR LIVER ILLS
What Con stipation Means
It means a miserable condition of ill health that leads to all sorts of special
ailments such as headache, backache, dyspepsia, dizziness, indigestion, pains of
various kinds, piles and numerous other disorders— CONSTIPATION t's a crime
against nature, and no human being can be well for any length of time while
constipated. I)K. TBIT'S LIVER PILLS is the remedy and ha. been used
successfully all over this country for 72 years. Get a box and see how it feels
to h ive your liver and bowels resume their health-giving natural function*
lor sale at all druggists and dealers everywhere.
Dr. Tutt's Liver Pills
SKINNER ' 5
She Studied Byron.
Mrs. Hawkins, who posed as n lit-
erary v ornan and professed a great ad-
miration for Byron's works, bad re-
eentlv purchased a little dog and wa.
shov ing him to u caller.
-What have you named him?" asked
" 1 'en hance," was the reply.
"What a singular name for an anl
i mal !'' commented the culler.
"I named him after Byron's dog,"
she explained. "Don't you remember
' the line in '('bilde Harold,' where the
; poet says. 'Perchance my dog?'"
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know
what you are taking, as the formula is
printed on every label, showing it is
Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form. The
Quinine drives out malaria, the Iron
builds np the system. 6 o cents.
Honduras to Open Mint.
Silver coins being scarce in Hondu
ras, that country is to reopen its mint,
which has been closed a long time,
and melt up and reduce In fineness
200,000 pesos, which will then make
A HINT TO WISE WOMEN.
Don't suffer torture when all femal»
troubles will vanish in thin air after using
"l-emeaina." Price 50 c and $ 1 . 00 —Ad%
Not on the Job.
Merchant- Don't open your grips.
Young Drummer—But I've forgotten
what I'm selling.
A man loves his wife because he
must, and loves his neigh!>or's because
E. M. Deemer, 12 years bedfast in
Philadelphia, makes money as a maga
zine agent. He advertises.
A lorptd Itv-r condition prevents protV-r
food assimilation. Tone up your liver with
Wright s Indian Vegetable Pill*. They act
tentljr uni surely. Adv.
Sometimes the majority of our good
habits never get found ouL
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