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ALSATiAN GIRLS FLEE TO UNITED STATES
..... "5 ,, ; ' i i si J : i. y y.w-w.'/fcfcv Misses Evil hi and Janet Hluinenthal. daughters of Daniel lilnmentlial, who mis mayor ot t.olmar at the beginning of the war. until the Germans advanced «0(1 deposed him. The two girls tied secretly from their home in Colmar to Trance to save their lives us the Germans advanced into the town, and trrived recently in this country. Daniel liimnenthal arrived here six months *-<>. He is well known as a leader in Alsace and as president of the World League for the Restitution of Alsace-Lorraine. Weekly Ration Not Sufficient to Maintain Bodily Health and Vigor. 8 DUNCES OF MEAT A WEEK Food Allowed to Germans and Inhab itants of Territory Occupied by Germans Is Lacking in Energy Producing Elements. Washington.—Information concern ing the weekly ration now being al lowed the German people and the civil ian population of the occupied por tions of northern France and Belgium have been received by the United States food administration. In food vaiue the ration is insufficient prop erly to maintain bodily health and vigor. The German ration is as follows, the amount being those allowed per per son per week : Flour. 3.45 pounds; potatop|i, 7.05 pounds; cereals (oats, hear • and pens), 7 ounces; meat. S.S ounces; sugar. 3 ounces; butter and margarine. 2.8 ounces; and other fats. 2.S ounces. Stated in terms of American house keeping. these items amount to suffi cient flour to bake pounds of bread; one-half peck of potatoes; a cupful of beans, peas and oatmeal ; one-half pound of meat; 12 dominoes of sugar; G individual patties of but ter; and an equal amount of other fats. In Northern France. For the population of that portion of northern France occupied by the Germans, the allowance is as follows : Sufficient flour for five pounds of bread ; one-fifth §eck of potatoes ; one cupful cereal, 12 1-3 ounces of bacon and lard ; and 10 dominoes of sugar. Here meat, butter and margarine are all replaced by bacon and lard. The allowance of flour and cereals are slightly Increased, hut the aberr ance of potatoes is less than half the German ration, while sugar is also re duced even below the meager German allowance. The ration for the civilian popula tion of the occupied portion of Bel gium is similar to that df northern France, except bacon nnd lard are re placed by meat and butter. T ministration shows that in body build pounds. In fats, tha German ration coiffai ns .43 of a pound, as compared pounds, as compared to 9.9 pounds for the standard ration. In total calor les. the German ration aggregates 10. ~ ojnon in the stand as compared to -4.900 ^The * standard ration is regarded as sufficient oniy for a person in a sed occupation or one involving relative!v s'ight phvsicnl labor; and' f-tt it nrovides two and one-half times >et it P YALE HAS COLLECTION OF WAR LITERATURE Xew Haven. Conn.—Yale uni versity has collected probably the most exhaustive mass of ma terial on the great world war in this country. Under direction nt Prof. Wilbur C. Abbott, a committee. appointed In the fall of JW14, bas scoured this coun try »»d Kurope for publications of all Mml* ,he war - The volDrtbm consists not only of book*, but complete files of »«d magazines from Europe ami «bl* country, besides pamphlets, proclamation*, post «06 ami letters of all kinds and description#, as much body-building protein, and nearly twice as much fat, and nearly two ami one-half times as much carbo hydrates as the German ration. Ration Not Sufficient. .In the ration for northern France, the substitution of bacon and lard makes the weekly allowance of pro tein equal only three-fourths of the German ration, and only one-third of the standard ration. In the whole, it may lie said that for i a person in an occupation requiring i only a moderate degree of activity, these rations provide considerably less than the amounts requisite to main tain bodily health and vigor. The greatest efficiency is in energy producing foodstuffs, although the lack of body-building proteins is physiolog ically more important, and liable to have more serious and more perma nent results. ROYAL NURSE ON DUTY ; : j ; A* & W9. i M. Justin Godart. minister of health j In the French cabinet, on a tour of inspection of the allied war hospitals conversing with Princess Xnrishkine foil PARIS COCHERS * * •**"■•**•"' -w ' United States Soldiers Prove Not j to Be Easy Marks. _ victimized at First. They Study Rr 3 u étions and Now Pay Only Legal Rates. * Paris.—Paris cabmen have not yet decided whether the American sol ®prs will prove a welcome or an un welcome addition to their patrons, When the men from across the sea first arrived they were all hailed by the cabmen as millionaires and the tips they received were in keeping with the reputation thus bestowed upon them. But trust the Paris cocher to kill the goose that lays a golden egg. He practiced his old game of taking J the most indirect route to reach his destination and never had any change when tendered payment. At night if no policeman was in sight he always balked at taking an American uniform without first extorting a promise to pay a fixed price for the course. which was at least twice his legal fare, The Americans stood this imposition for a time hut finally got tired of being continually bled. Now they give no more than the French as a tip and as they become better acquainted with the city check the wily cabman when he attempts to take them t>y round RED CROSS EXPANDS Growth of Organization a Marvel of the War. _ From a Membership of 20,000 It Has Increased ta More than 4,000,000 Members. - Chicago.-—Tin' growth of tho Amerl can II.mI Cross in the last year lias boon one of tin* marvels of the war. The public tniml has in some measure kept track of the army, the navy, the aviation corps, the marines, ami other parts of Uncle Sam's great lighting machine as they expanded. Hut con sider the case of the lied Cross—least known of all three years ago: When the war began there were 20. 000 memlvers of the lied Cross scat tered about the country, chiefly in the larger cities. Not one citizen in twen ty could have told how it worked or what It did, except that In great dis asters it cared for the victims. Even one year ago, when the war had been going on for more than two years, and it seemed inevitable that we should be dragged in, there were only 1C.",.587 lied Cross members and 250 chapters. Today there are more than 4.000,000 lied Cross members, and 2.720 chap tors, with new chapters being formed and new members enrolled all the time. Four hundred thousand of these 4.000.000 members ere paid subscribers of the Red Cross Magazine. Of course Ibis tremendous expan sion, coming in a single year, has ut terly overwhelmed the scheme of ad ministration which was adequate for 170.000 members. An entirely new system was imperative, and it is now being installed. Briefly, this Is how it works : The active head of the Red Cross is General Manager Harvey D. Gibson. will) has volunteered his time for the duration of the war. The work Is apportioned among bureaus—those of development, publicity, women, nurs ing. civilian relief, military relief, sup plies and accounting. The territory of the United States has been divided into thirteen sections, each headed by a division manager. Each of these managers, like Mr. Gib son, has volunteered his services with out pay so long as tfie war shall last. Each manager Is now reorganizing the administration of his division to cor respond with that at Washington, with a director at Wie head of each bureau —many of them also volunteers, work ing without pay. TOLD TO ELOPE BY SPIRITS Then Girl's Companion Pleads Guilty Under Mann Act at Frank fort, Ky. Frankfort, Ky.—Roger W. Dale, alias Frank Hancock, pleaded guilty before United States Commissioner Wiard to violating the Mann act by bringing sixteen-year-old Bessie Lu cille Smith <>f Toledo, Ohio, to Frank fort, where they have been living since October 3. According to the girl's story she met Dale in the building where her father has his office. Dale became the go between for written questions and an swers passing between the girl and a trance medium, whom she never saw and who was supposed to live at 2010 Putnam street, the home of Dale's mother. One of these communications from the medium conveyed the information to the girl that she was In love with Dale, who would marry her. Then Dale asked her to run away with him. Dale told her they were married and showed her a certificate. Arrow Cost Father $2,500. Virginia. Minn.—Twenty-five hun dred dollars was the amount awarded \V. F. McDonald of LvHeth for who a few years ago was shot in the eye by a dart from an arrow in the hands <*f Simon, the four-year-ohl t«n of Mr. in*. Mr, ............. ft.* « Kvt.lt.th. TJw about routes. They have solved tit night holdup by climbing into the cab despite the protes*ati-*ns of tie* cab men. If it is not fitter than the hour fixed for him to quit work he must take them at the regular fare, where thf . y , vjsh tf , ,, r , ]rive to station and justify lus refusal, As the average cocher went« as little to do with the police as possible, he rarely lf ever apro.fi to them, M one of the sects used by the Americans for landing troops the cab nien charged the soldiers such exor bitant prices that the men went to the p.dice, obtained copies of the regula tions governing the cochers and there after paid only regular fares, giving no tips. The coche«s retaliated by re fusing to take American soldiens as passengers, and if the men got into a cab anyhow they stopped dead where they were and refused to move. It was some days before a compromise was reached. - Operated Upon Monkey, Pt Paul. Minn.—Adherents of the Darwinian theory of man's decent see additional evidence in its support in the announcement that "Joe," a pet monkey belonging to Frank A. Ubel. had just submitted to a successful ope errtion for appendicitis. The monkey's miment was diagnosed by Humane so . . physicians, and under an acaes* thetic its appendix was removed. ; I i j ! ■ I j ; I ROCKEFELLER, !R., WINS HEARTS ÛF COLORADO MINERS Proves to Men and Families That He Is Human and Interested in Them. FIRM AND KNOWS N3 FEAR How Son of America's Money Mag nate Brought to an End One of Country's Greatest La bor Wars. By CHARLES N. WHEELER. Mr. Wheeler Is a reporter on the Cht ;ago Tribune stuff, amt was sent to Colo rado to report Mr. Rockefeller, Jr.'s, visit during the coal miners strike. He gives an Interesting impression of the world's' richest man's son and only made heir.— Editor. A rather mediocre literary person once advised all young and mediocre reporters—one of whom I am, both young and mediocre—to pick the big gest subject in the world if he would get away with it. He mentioned two subjects as the "biggest"—money and the Bible. He put the Bible first. Both subjects, somehow, tit into tin* story of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., but of the two subjects the Bible end, or the man himself, is the one worth bothering about. Fortunes change. Character usually is fixed. To write about a million dollars is easy. To write about a hundred mil lion dollars is easier. To write about, say, a half billion dollars—the approx imate size of the Rockefeller pot—is easiest. But to write about the man, entirely disassociated from his money -—that is a horse of another color, but, withal, not unpleasant, if one happens to know his man. Believing every wallop ever aimed at the Rockefellers, and it was con genial believing. I hurried off to hob nob with the very rich man's very rich son, gloating in my soul at the oppor tunity to break another lance on his supposedly soulless hide—and, also, to i j I ; i »r *■ ?» y First Row, Left to Right:. C. N. Wheeler, Chicago Tribune ; John D. Rockefeller, Jr.; William Hooter, New York American. Second Row: A. C. McGregor, Secretary to McKenzie King; C. O. Heydt, Secretary to John D Rocke feller, Jr. be perfectly fair about it. But it sure was to be "spurlos versenkt" for John D., Jr. ! An old philosopher said that while distance lends enchantment to the view it also begets a dimness fatal to our.purposse. Hand to hand, elbow to elbow, soul to soul, right up close where men can't camouflage—well, it was a violent dis illusionment ! I make bold now to assert, mindful of inherent prejudices, that this is the man: Take all his money from him, set him down on the top of the mountain j or in the midst of the interminable ! desert and he would be all there— just a man. the Tightest of the right est merely as man-to-rnan stuff goes. He'd do his r>art—without a whimper, He'd be the last man to give up. He went up against a sure-enough proposition in Colorado. He won over to him—as a man—hundreds of una fraid men in the mountains who judge fellow humans by a stern standard— nerve. They might hate tin* power of his money, probably still do in a way but they liked this human being. That's the acid test in the high hills and on the desert. He went through unscathed. There wasn't a man among us after two weeks who wasn't ready to agree: "Weil, what do you know about that? He's human !" At the hearing by the federal trades commission in New York, aft, r he had surprised the members with his ape j parent grasp of industrial and sociolog ical problems. Mother Jones, angel of the miners everywhere, laid 1e r hand on his shoulder and asked him to come to Colorado. "I believe in your sincerity." she : said, substantially. "I believe you mean to do what is right, but you don't know. Come and see for yourself, John." He said simply: "I'll come." Some one a=ked him if he didn't fear such a trip. He said : "No." Common Everyday Man. He would not p,erroit a detective or policeman to accompany him. He wore the kind of clothes Le wears in New York—fabrics of ordinary t«-xture. probably costing about £4o a suit. He wore an ordinary overcoat that prob ably didn't cost as much. He wore an ordinary I heavy shoe: as the new edora bat and ordinary He wasn't half as showy -paper men who were with him, not at lus invitation but unbe known to him until they burst in on the landscape and discovered him— calm, pleasant and unafraid. We went into Fremont county one day. The misers bad been in an ugly mood. Rockefeller couldn't be distin guished. by them, from the others, for they had never seen a Rockefeller. ID inquired for one of the miners. This fellow bad the reputation of being a bad actor. Rockefeller found him at tlie mine mouth. They chatted a few minutes and then stepped on the cage and down they went, several hundred feet into the earth. At the first level the rich man's son stepped off the cage and peered through the dimly lit streets of the underneath. Then he said: "Men, I am John I). Rockefeller, Jr. What seems to be the trouble out here?" They were dumfounded, helpless. Then lit 1 walked with ids men into the dark places with bis face taking on a goodly veneer of black dust, lb* looked bis men straight in the eye, firmly but kindly, and asked them what they thought could he done or should be done to better conditions. He didn't patronize, apologize, strut or talk loudly. So be walked, in the earth, with his men who had hated his name. When he came up to the top of the world again lie walked down the min ing town street to the Golden Iiow saloon. This was the only town in the Rockefeller group that had a saloon. He inquired for Tony, the burkeep. Rockefeller shook hands with Tony, while Tony's eyes all but jumped out of his head. Tony was disappointed. There was no plug hut, no policeman, no proud and haughty person before him, no sour face, no overlording bus iness—just a pleasant, mild-mannered and unafraid man. John D., Jr., said he bad heard Tony was interested in him and he had j taken tie* trouble, which was no trou- j bit* at all, to come and say hello and ! wish him well, although doubtless \ wishing to himself Tony would get into some other business. Down south of Trinidad, up high in the hills where the fourflusher lusts j about a second, Rockefeller sent j everybody back to Trinidad. He stayed j for the night—alone. He rolled up In j a miner's blanket The next morning when we found hirn he was washing his face in si tin basin. Then he looked out over the receding slopes of the low er pluteau and observed earnestly that it truly was a noble country. We came Into Walsenberg finally. In the civil war some of the Bulgarian miners placed a cannon on the moun tain top and fired into the militia. Just how piany were killed was never stated. They were surly, Rockefeller had been informed. He was advised to watch himself. Well, wonder of wonders, he had a "society" evening at the big camp some miles from the town. They hud an orchestra—trombone, accordion, fiddle and organ. They played selec tions from most of the Italian operas, and then Rockefeller suggested a dance. Not such another dance was ever held in the eternal hills of Colo rado. Rockefeller is some dancer, too. He danced with the miners' wives and daughters, and before they knew it be v ; * s the one normal p rson there. Tie y forgot lie was the s**;, of J ihn D. Rook ■ felb-r. after a while, and had the time of tln-ir lives. Again he fired us all back to town. rmng. :e- tfi: i.*rs. as he called them, ck in the morning. He he mines with his men. i-d ID had inquired about the school fa cilities. how they would like to have a handstand, provision for small gar den«. a Y. M. C. A. and a lot of things like that. • We found him. as down beyond Trin idad, standing on the high bluff, look ing out over the foothills, wrapped in the flooded -old of the sunrise. "I'd like to live here a part of the year." he said. And so from mine camp to mine camp, always insisting that he go alone to see his partners. The Big Meeting Called. At one mine camp he went alone to the homes of 'he miners to taik with the wives and the children. He was so affable, so mild-mannered, so aj> par-ttlv sincere, that the half-billion- j dollar busim -■« s.«on was lost sight of and they feit somehow—tie se human beings with only a wretched chance at the l*e«t but with a soui and a love of life like his—they found a friend. They were coming together from the I , I j , I ! j Colorado, widely separated poles, like a flush lightning. After weeks spent In living their lives, tin* big meeting was called at Pueblo. It was attended bv delegates from all tin* mines. Tin* delegates were selected by the men themselves, in secret meeting and by secret ballot. No company Influence was exerted. He laid before them bis industrial scheme, since adopted by all tin* min ing towns in tin* district and officially approved by the Colorado industrial commission. The thing was going along smoothly when a delegate from up Fremont way arose and said that the boys back In the mine were skeptical. Some bad told him the man who came to them was an impostor, that they didn't think it was Rockefeller at all. for a Rocke feller wouldn't have dared to come t here. Rockefeller's face broke Into a smile. "Well," he said pleasantly, "You think 1 am the man i represent myself to be, don't you? You remind me of tin* story of the man who entered a passenger eoaeli and sat down on an other man's hat. ID quickly got up and said to the owner of the crushed hat : T think 1 sat down on your bat.' 'You think you did?' the other yelled at him. "You know mighty well you did !' " The delegates returned to their camps and reported that the rich man's son was no fourflusher, and that he seemed to want to do the right tiling by them. The younger Rockefeller possesses a rare degree of the saving grace of humor. He doesn't take himself too seriously, nor seem to think the weight of the world rests on Ids ample shoul ders. He enjoys a good joke, a whole some joke. Perhaps no excessively rich man In tin* world gathers more smiles and optimism out of the day's work than he. One day the son of one of Ills su perintendents asked if he might take his picture. "I want a good one," said the boy. Just then a donkey, feeding in tho yard, walked up to give the Rockefel ler person the "once over." "Get on the donkey," laughed the boy. John D. threw himself astride the surprised donkey. The boy's camera snapped, und he run into the house, rejoicing. His father was afraid he would of fetid the mighty Rockefeller lf he per mitted the newspaper men to use the picture. V' t entertained no such solicitous notiifts. We put it up to John D. ahead," he said with u smile, [help you out. When you write caption for it just say; 'Two of had some tire trouble between ml Lester mines. We news men were trying to be smart and how indifferent, we were to him ring him. He butted into our conversation gracefully, and asked If we ha-1 seen the "Follies of 1915." The New York highbrows had, but we Western men were still in the wage earner class. Rockefeller expressed an expert opinion to the effect he thought it great. This was "good stuff" for us— feature stuff for which the managing editor constantly is yelling in his wak ing hours und dreaming about in his sleeping hours. We gathered around. He thought the hit of the show wa.4 the stunt in which appeared imper sonations of Bryan, Billy Sunday and Rip Van Winkle. "Bryan inquires of IUp who he may he," Mr. Rockefeller explained. 'Why,' says Rip, T voted for you every time you ran.' Whereupon Bryan exclaims: 'Are you the man?' " Day after day we Journeyed through the foothills, forgetting about Rocke feller's money, enjoying the compan ionship of a man, and day after day he ever was finding something that was bright, smiling and hopeful. At times, too, he was very serious. We were ready to agree that he was thinking of the men most of the time, and not merely tin* investment. Eulogizes Father and Mother. Then carne the final meeting ut Den ver, where the men with the money in vested in the institution sat around the tables. John D. delivered his farewell address for that trip. It was not different from the other talks to the miners—his partners, as lie per sisted in terming them. But in clos ing he paid a tribute to his father and mother. It was simple and eloquent. It explains the younger Rockefeller, in a way. Perhaps, it is w >rth pre serving. Here it is, word for word: "The word 'fear' is not found in my father's vocabulary, nor does D- know v. hat that .«' a-ation is. though seventy tight years of age. and y< t he lias the gentleness of a woman. Although h* has been accustomed to think in world terms in tin- development of the busi ness and philanthropic enterprises to which his life has D en devoted, there is no person in his house hold too hum* hie to receive his frequent, kindly p« r sonai thought. Criticized, maligned and condemned these many years, not only for his business success achieved through his ability to gain the co-op eration and confidence of men, to bring all parties into harmony and to effect ecor. ses in every possible way. but also le-cause of his philanthro; ic* endeavors, there is still not the slight est trace of bitterness in his charac ter. and he holds nothing in his heart hut good will toward every man. And if, in the kindr.e«s of the people of there has been found any thing in me that may have seemed admirable, that, and whatever eD.- I am or may be, I owe to ruy sainted mother and ny honored father, whosd training and example I regard as v priceless heritage."