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PUBLIC IS EAGER
Personal Narratives of Sailors Are Particularly in Demand at This Time. SOLD TALES ARE READ AGAIN Interest in Merchant Marine Responsi ble for Demand for Stories of Sailors Escape of Mariners From Arabian Sands Told. " Washington.—Officials of the Con jgressional library, which is in a way ia clearing house for all the libraries ,of the country, state that at present •there is a lively demand from read ers for all kinds of literature relating to sea lore, and especially to the ad ventures of sailors in the American merchant marine. Personal narratives are in greatest •demand, and are the hardest for the ordinary reader to find. There are, however, a good many of them, both here and in public libraries and spe cial collections in Eastern cities. Many of these books, now being re read with public Interest after many 3 'oars, have particular point at this time for their value in Indicating the grit with which American sailors face peril and hardship, such as the pres- ! ont era of German "frightfulness" at sea is apt to Impose at any time on American crews. A visitor to the capital the other day had in his grip one of these old •volumes of adventure that may be ! ■cited as an example of the kind of literature the American sailors of long j ago produced for the benefit of pos- j iterity. It was written and published In 1704 ! fhy one Daniel Saunders, an American i (sailor, and described his sufferings, land those of his shipmates, in escap ing from the Arabian desert, after ho ling cast upon Its burning shore by Shipwreck. Daniel Saunders was a seaman on Ühe ship Commerce of Boston, which while coasting In the Eastern seas for la cargo, and on a voyage from Mad ras to Bombay "on the coast of Mula Ibar," stranded in the night on a beach •on the Arabian coast, the captain hav ing lost his bearings. On attempting to land on the beach •the crew of 34 souls were menaced by tsnvage natives. They therefore manned their boats and coasted along shore. On the second day out they were caught in a gale on a lee shore, and obliged to make a landing on the beach through high surf. In making the landing one boat was xipset and three of its occupants lost their lives, among them being "Na thaniel Seaver Jun, the merchant's son." In those days, merchants made ■voyages, and the father of this lad "'.stood an uphappy spectator of this melancholy catastrophe." His grief, ■says the author, "may be more easily Imagined than described." Attacked by Arabs. Wet and weary, the sailors lay down to sleep. They were roused by the ■approach of a band of IS Arabs, mounted on camels, "and armed w 1th ■spears, cutlasses iwid knives," who at tacked them, stole all the stores that lhad been in the boats, and robbed them of all their clothing, "even to the shirts off our backs." As the camels could not carry all the plunder, the brigands finally left "'some old clothes to cover as, to pre vent the sun from burning our skins. One got a pair of trousers, another a jeoat, another a shirt, but one got only ja strip of canvas, which he wrapped «round him. Thus arrayed, the shipwrecked ma riners. on being left by their plunder ers, set out for Muscat, which they were told was five-days' Journey dis tant. . ,, Their way lay "through fields of burning sands and over mountains of rocks and precipices, affording neither food nor water." In this scorching desert, famished, and with tongues cracked and mouths sore, the sailors found themselves ex posed to a sun of Incredible fierceness by day, and to cold dews at night. For two days they stumbled on along the seashore, with neither food nor water. On the third dny tin pa y broke up into several smaller groups. Some sought a shorter route by fol lowing paths that led Inland. Saun ders and three companions tried the inland route, and came upon some vines that bore a kind of melon, re sembling watermelon. Feverishly tasting some of the fruit, they found It bitter and unfit for food. Turning back to the beach, the wan derers met three Arab fishermen who robbed them of some books and pa pers, and took from the man with the canvas his sole protection from the sun. Later that day Saunders and his party met an Arab who directed them to n well. Here they were joined by Captain Johnson of the Commerce and a few of their mates. The next day they found food. In the form of crabs and cockles taken at a rocky point on the beach. Native* Were Kind. The wanderers now began to meet more natives, both men and women. The latter were kind to them, giving them water from goatskin containers, but robbing them eventually of their shoes. Captain Johnson was relieved of his trousers. . . Faring on the next day, the captain fell, because his "sinews and nerves had been so contracted by the sun and dews that ho found himself unable to travel." FOR SEA STORIES Saunders was two years getting back to Salem, his native town, which he reached after many other ndven Grave in the face of death, the cap- ; tain "told us he could not wish us to j make any delay for him. but advised ! us to make the best of our way along." j The party was forced to leave him. ! A little later they came upon one of j their companions who had been with- j out water or food for five days. They covered him with leaves from a way side bush, and left him. That night, Saunders, leading his lit tle party, came upon a village of nomads camped under some trees, who gave the sufferers water. Next day an old woman, living soli tary in a hut, gave them boiled crabs, anil directed them to an island inhab ited by fishermen. This they reached by wading. There they were rejoiced to find Captain Johnson, who had been rescued by a native. A bargain was struck with the fish ermen to take the wanderers to Mus cat on camels, which were sent there for supplies. After almost incredible sufferings, on a journey covering two weeks, the | sailors of the Commerce, nearly naked, i emaciated, and covered with sores that j were flyblown, reached the port they I sought. Here they were tenderly eared for by the English consul, who supplied them with clothing and for warded them to Bombay. All but eight of the ship's company reached Muscat. Saunders was two years gettin j he tures, having been absent on his voy ages three years and four months. He remained ashore but a short time. WINS HARD FIGHT WITH SUBMARINE Thrilling Report of Naval Gun Crew's Defense of Steamer Luckenbach. MEN MAIMED, SKIP AFIRE U. S. Destroyer Rushes to Rescue Just as Shell Cripples Engines— Crew Fires 202 Shots to Foe's 225. Washington.—A detailed account of the four-hour battle on October 19 last between a German submarine and the American steamer J. L. Lucken bach has been furnished to the navy department by the commander of the naval guard on the Luckenbach, which reached port, although hit several times by shells. The submarine fired 225 shots and the Luckenbach 202. In the midst of the battle wireless dis tress calls sent out by the Luckenbach were picked up by an American de- | stroyer, which replied that it would j take two hours to reach tlie scene, and j advised the steamer not to surrender, j Two hours and twenty minutes later j the destroyer had arrived close enough to fire its first shot at the submarine, which submerged ten minutes later and disappeared. The report received by the navy de partment says that at 7:30 a. m. the Luckenbach reported a steamer abeam. The commander of the armed guard sighted her himself about one point forward of the port beam. While he was scrutinizing the steamer through the glass a sail appeared on her. Both of the Luckenbaeh's guns were trained on the vessel. The guard DR. YAMIE KIM H Dr. Yamie Kim. one of China's first woman physicians, is a frequent \i: itor to Washington, where she has 1» come known as one of the most inter esting of the capital's foreign guests. ft-CrCrCrCrCrCrï^-ZIrtrCrCrCrirù-CrtrCrù'trCrCrCrCt I CONSERVATION •it -j Litrle Mts of bacon, Li:tie grains of wheat, -a Give a soldier's body Energy and heat. § ■S 3 W T Y- Y Y-Y Y- Y Y-Y-Y Y Y -Y Y Y -7- Y Y Y commander then went aloft to obtain a better view. When lie was half way up, the vessel, now discovered to be a submarine, opened tire. The Luckenbach immediately re plied with both guns. The first two or three shots fired by the submarine fell about 2,000 yards short. She was tiring at long range. The Lucken bach's shots also fell short. As the submarine appeared to be closing in, the captain was told to put the stern of the Luckenbach to her, which he did. It was then that distress signals were sent out by wireless. Shell Starts Fire Aboard. The submarine dosed In to about 2,otto yards. Early in the battle a shot from the submarine landed on the deck forward on the port side and exploded in thy gun crew's quarters, starting a tire which partially destroyed the quarters and burned the effects of the gun crew. A shot landed near the stern and ex ploded, putting the after gun out of commission. "At least 225 rounds were fired by the submarine, out of which there were only nine clean hits," the com mander reports. "Pieces of shell were falling all around the deck. Two shots landed on the port side forward, strik ing the oilers' room and putting a large hole in the side; one landed on the port side at the water line, hitting the fresh water tank and destroying most of the fresh water supply. An other landed In the petty officers' mess room and exploded, putting the ash hoist out of commission and bursting the steam pipe, also wounding two men, one mess boy and one fireman. One shot passed through the weather screen on the bridge and landed in tlie cargo, exploding but not starting a fire. Pieces of shell Hit V. Louther, one of the armed guard, in three places. One of the ship's crew who was carrying ammunition forward was Hit. Another shell exploded in the en gine room, wounding the first and third engineers and putting the engine out of commission. Bell, one of the gun crew, was going up the forward ladder carrying ammunition when the shell that landed in the quartermas ter's room exploded, the fumes from the shell Minding him for about two hours." Would Never Surrender. The distress calls were answered by a United States destroyer at S :10. The destroyer was asked how quickly It could arrive at the scene. "Two hours," was the reply. The captain of the Luckenbach said: "Too late. Look for boats." "Don't surrender," came back the message, and the Luckenbach replied : "Never." At about 11 a. m. smoke—that of tho destroyer—was sighted on the horizon. The Luckenbacù was headed toward the smoke. It was shortly after this that the engines were temporarily put out of commission by a shell. At about 11:30 the destroyer tired her first shot at the submarine, which submerged ten minutes later. "The ship's crew behaved credita bly, no trouble being experienced in getting them to pass ammunition," the commander of the armed guard re ports. "The firemen stayed below. Great praise Is due the armed guard for the manner In which they perform ed their duty. The men stationed at the guns never ilinched. When the after gun was put out of commission the after pointers came to the forward gun and relieved one another, as 167 rounds were fired out of the forward gun." The destroyer stood by until the en gines were repaired, which took about two hours and a half, and then escort ai the Luckenbach to a convoy, which was reached about 5 p, m FIGHT BOCHE WITH LETTERS Undergraduate* of Vas* ar College Will Flood Russia and Enemy Countries With Messages. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. —"Combat Ger man propaganda in Russia. Acquaint the Russians with intimate details of American life." This is the slogan of undergraduates of Vassar college. The girls have or ganized to flood Russia and even Ger many and Austria-Hungary with per sonal messages. The messages or let ters are being sent to Europe every week. Each letter details the life of , an American college girl, describes her home, her tastes and amusements. It explains what the United States really is. Numerous letters from stu dents already have reached Hu*sia via the diplomatic mail pouch. Court Decides It Couldn't Have Been Anything Else When He Viewed the Fighters. New York.—Two negroes appeared before a local magistrate on the charge of fighting. One was 8 feet 5 inches tall, the other 5 feet and 11 inches. Both declared "it was a friendly scuffle over $2." "It could hardly have been anything else." mused the court, vs he dismiss ed the two. The colored giant stooppd low to clear the doorway as he passed out of the courtroom, a doorway which his "fighting companion" could scarce ly reach by jumping. FRIENDLY SCUFFLE OVER $2 CRIMINALS SHUN HAUNTED H00SG0W Prisoners Plead Guilty Rathe" Than Stand Chances of Seance With Ghosts. Littleton, O.—Arapahoe county fs saving money through curtailment of expenses connected with the county jail here because prisoners are willing to plead guilty to most any charge and be sent to the penitentiary in order to escajie the tortures of midnight se cures with the ghost of a convict who recently hanged himself In a cell of the Jail. Last June John Whitson, convicted of tin* murder of His wife, hanged him self In a cell, and now, according to prisoners who have spent a night in the "haunted Imosgow," as the town % t m % A Shadowy Form Makes its Appear ance. clock strikes 12 at midnight a shad owy form makes its appearance in the Jail corridor and shuffles hack and forth in gruesome monotony until the first rays of dawn begin to filter through the barred windows. Several prisoners complained to Sheriff Burden recently that they had watched the noiseless figure shamble up and down the corridor during the night and declared the ghost was garbed In khaki trousers, a Mue shirt, black slippers and white hose—the ap parel Whitson wore on the night he committed suicide. Sheriff Burden declines to confirm the reports that the jail is haunted, but says the stories are apparently having an excellent effect on the criminal ele ment of the county and keeping the jail population to a minimum. ERRING WIFE ADMITS SHE LOVES ANOTHER New York.—Mrs. Anahel Weston, suing her husband for separation, made a fatal error when she told her husband she loved another. The husband quoted his wife to the court as follows : "Jack, I am sorry, but I have met a fellow who is dead stuck on me, and I love hlm. I am going to leave you. This being a good wife may be all right for a boob." Temporary alimony was de nied Mrs. Weston, whose case is yet unuder consideration by the court. FARMER TAKES IN SIGHTS Visit to the City Results Disastrously for Gentleman From the Rural Section. Memphis, Tenn.— W. IV. Davidson, a farmer of Buntyn, Tenn., drove his fliv ver to Memphis and proceeded to see the sights. First, he stopped at the home of an acquaintance and when he returned to his machine his overcoat had disappeared. That night he walked Into a motion picture show with $50 In his pockets. When he came out the roll Was gone. Discour aged he decided to go home. But he remained in town that night. Some body had made away with his automo bile. That broke him all up. NO CRIME TO BURN BARN That Is, if It's Your Own Barn, and You Are Living in Arkan sas. Little Rock, Ark.—It's no crime In Arkansas to burn your own property the Arkansaà supreme court has ruled. It reversed the decision <>f the Benton county court, in convicting a man ac cused of burning his house, which was insured for more than its value. The court ruled the state laws do not men tion cases where owners burn their property. According to tho state fire marshal his department will be forced to drop about 20 cases. He will ask the next legislature to amend the law. FORMER CONVICT IS POTASH KING Instead of Working on Stone Pile He Now Manages Big Industry. WON FAME AND BRIDE Bigamist, Pardoned From Peniten tiary for Good Behavior, Marries Sheriff's Daughter and Then Amasses a Great Fortune. Omaha.— Frank L. Tlulen of Nebras ka now wears a dress suit in place of the prison garb that was his not so long ago. Instead of working over a stone pile for the state of Colorado he oversees prediction at his potash swamps in Nebraska. Farne, fortune and a bride have come into his life since he was discharged from the pen itentiary. Seven years ago Tlulen left Okla homa. treking through Colorado and Wyoming, prospecting for oil. Then he was arrested on a charge of big amy, preferred against him by Bertha Fennell Hulen and Charlotte Richards HtlNen, both of Colorado, lie was sen tenced to two years in the Colorado state penitentiary, at Canon City. Heard of Rich Potash Field. In the penitentiary Hulen proved an excellent prisoner and was taken from the stone pile and given clerical work. Warden Tom Tynan was at tracted by the man's good behavior, and later helped procure a pardon for Hulen. Released from Prison, Un ion began studying at the Colorado School of Mines. One day a professor, during the course of a lecture, showed a sample of water from a Nebraska lake and said that the water showed traces of potash which indicated vast supplies in that region. Hulen determined to go to Nebraska and gain control of this potash terri tory. He hurried to Golden, Colo., where he had met the sheriff's daugh ter while awaiting trial. After a quick courtship the pair were married and left for Nebraska. They spent their honeymoon in a hut along a swamp —a scene of desolation to the bride, but a scene of wealth to the husband. The former convict was just begin ning to produce potash when the Ger man supply was cut off. When Uncle Sam called for the valuable product Hulen was prepared to supply it. He o Spent Their Honeymoon Hi • Hut Along a Swamp. nad control of 85 per cent of the pot ash land in America. Today he Is the "Potash King of America," with a for tune which exceeds $2,000,000, and with prospects of becoming a second Rockefeller or Carnegie. HOLD HUMAN SUGAR BOWL United State* Government Detain* Italian Laborer Caught Stealing From Quartermaster. New York.—Introducing Philip Ber letto, an Italian laborer, otherwis known as "the human sugar bowl." While at work in the quartermas ters' building, Philip thought of the scarcity of sugar. He was thinking of It very seriously when a sentry stepped from behind a post. They escorted Philip to the federal building, under armed guard. Some one spread a newspaper on the floor and some one else held Philip's over coat upside down. Presto! Great streams of sugar gushed from tht many and ample pockets. Uncle Suit is detaining Philip. Pays $5; Wins $1 Bet. Pittsburgh, Pa.—It cost Walter Jack el, seventeen years old, $5 to win a bet of $1. Arrested at the request of Man ager Dennis A. Harris of the Empire theater, .Türkei was arraigned und was sentenced to pay a tine of $5 or serve ten days In Jail. Jackel was walking the narrow gallery rail In the theater endangering his own life and the lives of persons in tHe audience, 30 feet be low. Jackel said he b*'t .81 he could walk the rail—and he won his bet. DÂDümïNINC & MARYdBAl FEBRUARY. "February," said Mother Rah a month In which I have ubs *, "is utely // .#/> Y —Jjr ^ 1 1/V 1 % w II lib L -x O n Dole! Day, It?" She Pleasantly. Isn't said no worry and in* cure. Its :li. .iri;v moiith I an say that about, the only one." "Whatever do you mean?" asked Mrs. Squirrel, "l would be glad to hear." Mrs. Squirrel sat up ir a tree and Mrs. K kbit was dowi : .w. She had • -nly her usual fur coat on and though It was a cold day she did not seem to P el very cold. Mrs. Squirrel kept Jumping from tree to tree to keep warm hut site always came back to bear anything Mrs. Rabbit was say ing. And when she heard Mrs. Rabbit make such an astonishing and amaz ing remark she decided that though it was a cold day she would be kept warm by hearing such Interesting talk. She loved gossiping and chattering and talking, did Mrs. Squirrel, and Mrs. Rabbit loved it Just as much. Mrs. Rabbit was a little bit more curi ous us a rule than Mrs. Squirrel, but this time Mrs. Squirrel was as curious as any creature could possibly be. "I renlly don't understand you," said Mrs. Squirrel. "Won't you please explain?" she con tinued after a pause, for Mrs. Rabbit had said nothing. "I don't see what there is to ex plain," said Mrs. Rabbit. "I was just repeating a fact. February is the only month of the year which I can call a month free of worry. The other months I have worries and many of them, but in February—not a one!" Mrs. Rabbit wiggled her nose, flapped her ears, and looked at Mrs. Squirrel. "Cold day, Isn't It?" she said pleas antly. "I don't care whether it is cold or not. I want to hear what you have to say," said Mrs. Squirrel. "I have said all I had to say." an swered Mrs. Rabbit. "I would like to hour you talk now. Tell me the gos sip. I'm pining to hear some." "I haven't a bit to tell you." said Mrs. Squirrel, who was much disap pointed Mrs. Rabbit took so long in explaining herself. "I want to I/ear why February is the only month in which you have no worries." "Now I really shouldn't have said thnt," Mr. Rabbit answered. "No, I really shouldn't have said that at all. Its not kind and motherly for me to call the darlings worries. No, its not nice of me to do that, and I don't mean it." "You don't mean what?" asked Mrs. Squirrel, who was all mixed up. "I don't mean that tho darlings are worries," answered Mrs. Rabbit. "What darlings?" asked Mrs. Squir rel. "Do you mean the little rabbits?" "I do," said Mrs. Rabbit. "Don't they worry you In February?" asked Mrs. Squirrel. "Or do the 'darlings' promise you one month in which they really will be darlings and not 'worries?'" "You do them a great injustice," said Mrs. Rabbit. "They never meat to be worries, and they are alwa darlings." »-- *" "Aren't you getting a trifle ct fused?" asked Mrs. Squirrel, In rath a scolding voice. She was annoye^ that still she didn't understand wha Mrs. Rabbit had meant. "Not confused In the least," sal Mrs. Rabbit cheerfully. "You're con fused In your mind — you can't understand me. I'm bright enough to see that." "Well, won't you have the good ness to explain?" asked Mrs. Squir rel. "Yes, I will," said Mrs. Rabbit. "I only wanted to make you good and curious and to prove that rab bits aren't the VI in Mr*. Squirrel Gasped. only creatures in existence hereabouts." "I don't mind Insults." said Mrs. Squirrel, "if you will only continue." "In February," said Mrs. Rabbit, "no beautiful little rabbit children come to me. They come all the other months of the year. Yes, every month, dear little rabbit children come to me and they come in numbers from one to sr dozen. How precious they are! But In February I never invite any, for I tldnk I need a month in which I need not worry. They are darlings but they do require so much attention and often worry me dreadfully." Mrs. Squirrel gasped as she heard Mrs. Rabbit's story and a-- soon as Mrs. Rabbit was through she went off to tell nil her squirrel fri-nds tow Mrs. Rabbit invited the rabbit babies to come every month except Febru ary ! Couldn't Go Straight. "Now. Charles," said the hostess to a finmll guest, "you must not stop on tha way, hut go straight home." "I can't," protested the little fellow, ; "I live around the Corner."