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' ..... "gr"' *tivyr.'.- /.w/kr.-rj ïbâÂfiî', Ng *Jïï View of the Fort of Vladivostok. P rni.IC attention hns boon drawn to Vladivostok, Russia's groat Pacific ocoan port, by the possibility that Japan Slight intervene to save the immense •tores sent there hy the allies to help the Russians in fh»lr fight against Germany. Vladivostok or "Queen of the East," as the name signifies, is the eastern terminus of the great Trans-Siberian railway. Marion H. D&mpntan writes in the Pittsburgh Gazette-Times. The corresponding western garrison city is called Vladi kaukas or "Queen of the Caucasus." At one end of the long main avenue of Vladivostok stands an imposing •tatue of Admiral Nevelskoi, who laid the foundation of Russia's occupancy of Pacific ports ; on the statue art* in scribed the famous words of Czur Kicholas I, "Where the Russian fiag has been hoisted it must never be lowered." At the other end of the •venue, where the railroad crosses the boulevard toward Europe, is a post \ «Q which is engraved in gigantic let I tors the simple statement: "Vladivos tok to St. Petersburg, 9,922 Versts." The mean annual temperature of 'Wadivostok Is about 40 degrees Fah | tonheit, although it lies in the same lltitude as Marseilles, France, and Buffalo, N. Y. Its bay is ice bound (torn the middle of December to the beginning of March ; but sea communi Oition is rendered possible by ice r breakers. Its elevation above the sea ft considerable and there are no bar kers to the north to protect it from •fhe piercing winds; while the Japan ese archipelago interposes so as to prevent any advantage being derived from the warm waters of the Black Current, the Gulf stream of the Pa cific. Splendidly situated at thë head of • peninsula about twelve miles long, ' separating tw*o deep bays, whose shores, however, are completely sterile, Vladivostok faces the western and more Important of the two bays in a harbor called the Golden Horn. The shallowest part of the harbor Is 12 fathoms in depth and is so extensive that 60 steamers of 5,000 tons ench could ride there, leaving broad chan nels for maneuvering for a navy. There are no artificial breakwaters, as nature provided such in a massive Island directly athwart the entrance to the bay which acts* as a fortress not only toward the angry sea but toward Invading fleets. On this island the Manchuria silka or spotted deer are preserved. The Vladivostok harbor is considered vastly superior to that of Port Arthur, which is 530 miles far ther south, except in climatic condi tions. More Men Than Women. The town was founded in 1860 and has a shifting population, variously es timated from 75,000 to 120rfk)0. which includes many soldiers, Chinese, Jap anese and Koreans. The houses are atone and several stories in height, presenting quite an Imposing appear ance in comparison with me small wooden-housed towns of interior Si beria. Its streets are lively but vast ly different from Vancouver, Tacoma and Seattle, on the American side of the Pacific. Plgtalled Chinese In blue. Koreans In white and Japanese in varicolored costumes are mixed with soldiers sailors and Europeans In civilian garb. There are many more men than women; for most of the in aablt&nts are there to amass fortunes and expect to return to their homes and familier) when they have done so. Living, too, costs very high, which is another reason for not making it a parmanent abode. Seen from the sea the town rises in terraces. The houses glitter In the .un and give an invitation to land. Once on shore one is quickly Im pressed' with being in a money-mak ing place and not a place of residence. Cargoes hastily discharged are stacked high in every available place. The streets are crowded with horses, carts and men of all nationalities. There is one fine street, on which are the residences of the governor, the com mander of the port and many ether magnates. There are several tiue monuments, one of which is In honor of the last czar's visit. There are numerous churches, Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic and Lutherans ; # a museum is noted for its collection of weapons and costumes of the far East; and the Orient institute was opened In 1899 for the study of Asiatic lan guages. The crispness of the air. the newness of everything and the gen eral hustle and stir are suggestive of Alaska rather than the Orient, were it not for the ponies with their Russian harness and the prevalent Russian hoards. Piled High With Supplies. All things consumed in the town ant, all the adjacent territory must be im ported, as locally there are only bricks, matches, lumber and a bad beer to be had. No risk of seizure be ing foreseen, great speculative possi bilities being open to traders, and the port offering the best means of send ing provisions and munitions to Rus sia, combined to produce an extraor dinary state of affairs in that far away city. There Is a perfect glut of coal, kerosene, cotton, flour and muni tions of all kinds waiting for further transportation and with no protection. European express trains could trav erse the long distance between Petro grad and Vladivostok in less than*a week ; but it is not possible to run trains over the Siberian railway at such high speeds, as the road Is con structed lightly, so the Journey re quires nine days, and previous to the war was done twice weekly by express trains. The fare was more than $275, the difficulties varying from sheets and soap to pistols and mosquito veils. The plan to construct this great Russian railway was started as early as 1875, but it was not begun until 1891. The Vladivostok station was opened by the recent czar In 1897. It Is an excellent building, but has been used so much for the coming and go ing of troops that its dirt and dilapida tion make the weary traveler feel as though he had stepped into an aban doned emigration camp. Very light rails are used on the tracks of the Trans-Siberian road, but Russian en gineers belle.ve In very heavy ties ; timber may be had for the asking, so half deeply embedded in ballast, to give the tracks the strength Americans provide with heavier rails. It Is a Free Port. The importance of Vladivostok lie in the fact that It is the natural ware house of this vast region, both from a commercial and a military point oi view. Russia, China, Korea and Japan are all interested in its trade and connected with It by railroad or ship communications. It has been a free port and Russia has been remarkably liberal in encouraging other nations In helping her to build up an ever growing traffic and develop the re sources of a rieh inland frontier. Germany is fully alive to the value of this trade, whose value is ever growing; and when the war gamble Is over she would like to possess it. The presence of large Korean agricultural communities very near, great Chinese immigration tide surging in the dis trict, the unceasing activity of thî Japanese fishing boats that trade along the coast, the fact that Euro pean culture is not yet definitely es tablished—all these things appeal to the German mind, with visions of pos sibilities for the future. Vladivostok is Immensely strong as a naval fortress, being surrounded by 76- forts on the seaward side, but at the rear there Is a great open country that now lies at the mercy of bol shevlki sympathizers and German spies. Russia's chief dread has been of nearby Japan; so her fortification of Vladivostok has all pointed toward that power that lies only 450 miles across the Japan sea. Wild Guesa. "Why do they refer to a statesman as a solon?" "The word is derived from the dead language?)," answered the man who as sumes to know everything, "and re fers to a statesman's instinctive de« sire to get on a platform and do af oratêrical »olo." ss f< $$$ ss ssss »» $s« 3 ssa«a^ ^ Hester Proves Her Theory rx«n By JANE OSBORN [Copyright, 1918, by the McClure Newspa per Syndicate.) To be quite honest Hester was star ing shamelessly at the man opposite her and the predominant sentiment in her mind as she stared was one of ad miration. The man sat in a posture of dejection—his shoulders slouched for ward and his chin sunk down on his chest. This was not the remarkable thing for it was a natural posture for a man begrimed and smudged from his day's work at the Kingdon foun dry. The remarkable thing to Hester's keen insight was that the young man did not look as If he were mentally slouching at ali. His rather large, ruddy face, unshaven and blackened grotesquely, showed alertness and none of the set lines that came from long. sens.-deadening drinlg :v in the foundry. That night after dinner Hester sought her father, the owner ami man ager of the foundry, in his study. lie held an open magazine in his hand, but his far-away, determined expression showed to Hester at a glance that hi mind was not in the magazine hut on the foundry. "No fair having troubles you don't tell me about," she began, drawing her low chair up to his and folding the magazine that rested lightly in his hands. "If you must think about busi ness, think out loud. I'm enormously interested—always." Mr. Kingdon little by little admitted to his daughter that the greatest source *f worry in the management of^ his business was more or less of a psychological nature. "It isn't flaws in the metal or shortage of fuel or trans portation troubles that give me my greatest trouble. It's finding men I can trust. Sometimes, Hester, 1 mis trust them all. They are pulling away from me. and the man I feel the most confidence in is always the man that shows the telling weakness. If there were only a way to test the quality of men as there is to test metal then I might find men to help shoulder the responsibilities!" Hester's aniinnted expression show ed the Interest she felt. She told her father that this remark led up directly to the very thing she had in mind to ask him. Her only hobby outside of her beds of spring flowers wasvthe study of faces. She had worked up for herself a system by which she thought she could Interpret men's and women's na tures and characters through their fa cial contour. To be sure In her twen ty-two years of life in a restricted cir cle of associates In the town where her father's large foundry was located she had but little chance to test her theories, hut though not extensive her Itudy had been intensive. Now she 'asked her father for an opportunity to try It out. She told him that she could help him to find the right man for the right place In his work If she could be permitted to study the men In the fac tory and to test them by the standards she had worked out "Let me have a Job as time-keeper— something so that I can see the men every day when they come to work. They won't know who I am and they will be off their guard. I know there are men there that have the ability needed to take the positions of t^ist, but because you have no way of dis covering them they are wasted. They remain in the rut, doing something that is not big enough for their abili ties, and other men without so much ability, through some accident or a more pushing nature, take the bigger positions. That is why they so often prove a disappointment. \\ hy, this very afternoon I got on a crowded street car at closing time just to study the men's faces. There was one young man—shabby enough and apparently doing the crudest sort of work—but any one could see that he had ability. There was an expression about his mouth—a rugged determination—that showed me what sort of a man he was. I know I'll be able to help you. Won't you let me try?" During the two months that followed Hester's assumption of the job of time keeper in the toundry there were sev eral surprising promotions and more than one enforced resignation. All that Mr. Kingdon would say when asked for an explanation was that he had been advised by an authority on personal efficiency to make the changes, and that it was due to no pre judice of his own whatever, save, of course, a perfect confidence in the ability of the efficiency expert Who was the efficiency expert? It was admitted that h® must be a man of some shrewdness. More than one of the underlings in the office knew that the young bookkeeper who waa dis missed at the time of the first change had been padding the pay roll for weeks. Apparently the dismissal was made without any knowledge of this bit of high finance, but merely as the result of the studies In personality on the part of the mysterious efficiency expert. Most remarkable of all the changes had been the rapid rise of Peter Nor gen. At the time the upheaval began he had been employed for two weeks as a fireman down In the boiler room, and a not especially capable fireman had he been. Then suddenly he had been pro moted. Within three weeks he was foreman of one of the departments, and now, at the expiration of two months, he had a responsible position In the private office of Mr. Kirgdon himself. And this In spite of the fact that young Norgon had apparently re sisted all promotion, and had shown an utter lack of schooling. He hud even proved his inability to write fig ures and for this reason had a special stenographer to take all his dictation for him. Moreover, he doggedly re fused to dress as a man in Mr. King don's privute office should dross and came and went in a flannel shirt und overalls, and insisted on eating lunch with the other men in the courtyard at noon and consorting with them at closing time rather than with the men in the office departments. No one was more puzzled than Nor gen himself at his rapid rise. If he was at ail pleased he did not show it. And this was disappointing, if not to Mr. Kingdon, who had taken a fancy to the young man. then at least to the daughter on whose persistent advice Norgen had received his repeated pro motions. Already in his dogged, al most surly way, lit* had relieved King don of a great deal of worry. Ill spite of himself he was proving the right ness of the udviee of the efficiency ad viser. One day N<>rg« n came abruptly to Mr. Kinv ion with his question: "Who is responsible for my promotion:" he demanded. "If three is something be hind tilts. 1 ought ; I know." You might ' re.:l ; ■ ■:re ing about a plot to le op him forever working a* hr« men rather than be cause of repeated promotions. "I've heard you employ an rflioieuoy ad viser. Well, 1 want to know on what the expert bases his conclusions." He spoke slowly and at times with broken English, though it would have been hard to determine the nationality that his accent indicated. "If you don't want to tell me, at least you ought to let me see this expert myself. It is very important." "You have seen the expert," Mr. Kingdon said slowly and almost sol emnly. "You see the export every day — four times a day and if I am not much mistaken you usually Stop and chat vürh the expert for a few min utes when you come in at noon. In fact," Mr. Kingdon was looking straight into the young man's face, "I have reason to believe that the ex pert occasionally meets you after hours and allows you to escort her part way home." Norgen's face showed first annoy ance and then something akin to auiusement. "A curious choice for an efficiency adviser—what does she know of men's abilities?" he asked. *She picked you from the rest," was Mr. Kingdon's answer, "and you have made good. I should never have no ticed you even in a dozen years. She seems to know her men and she Ls learning more every day. She is be coming invaluable. It's a rare gift—a sort of second sight." "She might have found out," the young man who went by the name of Norgen said, and then he made a clean breust of the situation. As a son of a large factory owner and sure some time to derive a large Income through the operation of his own Inherited plants, he had started out intent on learning at first hand the point of view of the men whose labor made possible the running of such fac tories. The theory that he especially wanted to prove to himself was that the men who worked for his father's plant had no show and were ground down as mere machines. He even en tertained some high-flown idea of re nouncing all claim to the Inheritance if he could Justify himself in the be lief that such was the case. He had really wished to remain in the King don factory. He (Wok a grim pleasure in the grimness of it. And then ia spite of himself, and in spite of his pretense of illiteracy his promotions had begun. Instead of being able to go back to his father with an account of the oppression of labor he would show him the rare proof of his abili ties. For he was now holding down a very important position for Mr. King don and had thoroughly mastered some of the most Important phases of tho large plant. "I'm a little Inclined to be angry with you," he told the girl who had been responsible for his promotions. "Still perhaps you have done me more good than harm. You have shown me that I have, in spite of myself, a great taste for the management of this sort of plant. It has become absorbingly interesting. I couldn't give up the idea now of taking over my father's plant some day—and I had thought of giv ing it all up. I have learned to look at things quite differently now than would have been possible if I had re mained In the boiler room as a fire man." During the weeks that had passed when Hester had supposed him to be only one of the laborers in h®r fa ther's plant she had permitted a friendship to rise between them that seldom consisted of more than a stroll homeward together at night. They never went more than five blocks to gether, ms neither wanted the other to know where home really was. "And now that you know who I am." he said, "you arent' going to despise me? We are none the less dear to each other, are we? I had always dreamed of marrying a girl like yourself—a girl who knows hard work, a girl of the people whose world ls not bounded by the narrow conventions of leisured so ciety." "I'm Hester Kingdon," she said. "What a dreadful disappointment. Still, we might have met at any one of a dozen house parties and never should have cared a straw for each other. If I can forgive you for not be ing a brawny, unschooled stoker you'll have to forgive me for not being a oica little working girl." And of course he did. ït^ IUI /A\ III 1— 1 ■ ■ .. D) rvi ^ 1 ■' <r [y) ► » \ 3t r We have nr> Intellectual right to be , Ignorant when Information lies at our hand, and we have no spiritual right to be weary when great moral Issues are at stake.—Agnes Keppller. APPLE WAYS. To serve an apple pic <1*■ luxe make the pi<* after any well-liked recipe. , Have ready a cup ful of whipped cream, add a few cniim T 11 i mixture .mi Date and Apple Hate "oli >'c h x itipi * of dates and. i a half cupful of d h apples, spri table- p.nihf with a eru moderate oven. Kentucky Pie. S:re.::i six large ap ples and put them through a colander; stir in while hot. or • spoonful of l ut ter and when cool add the yolks of three i ggs, the rind and juice of a lemon and -a cupful of sugar all well mixed and beaten together. Over a deep plate with good crust and till with the mixture. Rake -io minutes, cover with a meringue and brown. Apple sauce when prepared of good flavored tart appb s is delicious. Slice the peeled apples thin and place in a stone covered dish and bake for sev eral hours in the oven, adding sugar after they are partly cooked. Cider may he added to the apples while cook ing If liked, making the old-fashioned cider apple sauce which is often canned and used when the apples and cider are out of season. New Apple Salad.—Beat one-half cupful of double cream until stiff, add a tablespoonful of lemon juice and a fourth of a teaspoonful of salt. Cook three apples that have been cored and pared In a sirup of equal measures of sugar and water with two or three cloves and an inch thick of cinnamon, then let them stand until cool. Chop fine four candied cherries. Cut out the center of head lettuce and place an apple in each head. Mix the four cher ries chopped with ten pecans and add to the cream. Pour over the apples. Baked Apple Salad.— Bake rosy ap ples until tender, remove the skin and stuff the centers with celery and nuts well mixed. Serve with mayonnaise on head lettuce or in nests of shredded lettuce. Do not dare to be so absorbed In your own hfe, so wrapped up In lis tening to the sound of your own hur rying wheels, that all this vast pathetic music, made up of mingled Joy and sorrow of your fellow men, shall not find out your heart and claim it and make you rejoice to give yourself for them.—Phillips Brooks. GOOD THINGS WORTH TRYING. Peanut butter ls such an appetizing food and combines with many dishes, affording a variety. Apple Peanut Salad.—I'are, core and chop slightly acid apples and mix them with half as much chopped celery. Mix a dressing of peanut butt er using one tahlespoonful of lemon juice to five of peanut butter, season well with salt and cayenne and serve with lettuce garnished with peanuts. Apple Chicken Salad.—Scoop out the centers of six fine apples, fill them w ith cooked minced chicken seasoned with green pepper finely chopped, salt to taste and cream to moisten. Place the apples In a steamer and conk until al most tender. Place on ice and serve with mayonnaise. Quaker Oats Sweetbits.—Take n cupful of sugar, two well-beaten eggs, a tablespoonful of butter, a teaspoon ful of vanilla, two teaspoonfuls of bak ing powder, two and a half cupfuls of Quaker oats ground fine and a half cupful of nuts. Mix and drop on but tered tins by teaspoonfuls. Cream Salad Dressing.—Cook a third of a cupful of cream, two slightly beaten egg yolks, two tablespoonfuls of sugar and the same of lemon Juice fn a double boiler until thick as a soft custard. Add salt and cayenne and strain. Poached Eggs In Soup.—Butter a deep pie plate of pyrex, then sprinkle over the bottom a half cupful of fine bread crumbs. lY> a can of mock turtle soup, add three tablespoonfuls of wa ter, boiling hot, mix well and pour carefully over the crumbs. Set the dish Into the oven and when bubbling hot, take It out and break into it as many eggs as there are persons to serve, being careful to keep the yolks from breaking. Sift over the eggs a layer of buttered crumbs and put into the oven to hake until the eggs are set. Serve this froyi the dish in which it was baked. Mexican Rabbit.—Melt a tablespoon ful of butter and cook In it a green pepper cut In bits. When softened add a pound of good cheese, cut fine, and stir until melted. A<ld two-thirds of a cupful of canned coni pulp, a half tea spoonful of paprika, the same of salt, two eggs beaten light, two-thirds of a cupful of chopped tomato, stir and cook until well blended. Serve ao crackers. Laugh nt alt tilings. Great and small tilings; Sick or well, at sea or sic While we're (juafling, L. t's have laughing U for more HELPFUL SUGGESTIONS. .■«lost :t:iv kind of nuts ail pry l h*l titty ai d a tables;totutlul cm ml rm makin rice or any ho added to a little meat nul made into , makes a most fold «vrr.'il. other cooked ft hainhurg steak, go a long way. IVliHi stewing all fruits add a lit tle salt while cooking. This will im prove the flavor and saves sugar. A can of shrimps eut up with a fork and added to hot com mush, then molded, and when small cakes and frit tasty luncheon dish. If clothespins are treated by put ting them into the boiling suds after the clothes are boiled, they will not split. Hash hairbrushes hy putting them in warm water in which a tablespoon ful of borax to a quart of water ha» been added. Rinse in cold water amt drain hy putting them bristle sido down in the sun. When using a colander or sieve for tomatoes or other foods a small howl or Jelly glass, to he used In place of a spoon, will force the food through more quickly. Yolks of eggs may he kept several days if placed In a bowl and covered with cold water. A hunch of parsley will keep fresh for three or four weeks If dipped ia cold water, then placed in a glass jar with the top screwed on to keep Ilk the moisture. To take the shine off any wool good» rub it lightly with a small piece of fine sandpaper. The material In fathers' shirts aft er they are past further wear, will make nice little dresses for baby ot small aprons for mother or sister. The whole great problem of winning the war rests primarily on one thing, the loyalty and sacrifice of the Ameri can people in the matter of food. If we are seltish or even careless, we are disloyal; we are the enemy at home. Now Is the hour of our testing. vim o NUTS A GOOD MEAT SUBSTITUTE. Nuts are a valuable food and wit!» the different kinds one need not fear using them too often. Nuts like legumes are rich In protein and fat. Peanut Loaf. —Take n cupful of soft bread crumbs toasted, three fourths of a cupful of peanut butter, half a cupful of cooked rice, a teaspoonful of salt, a dusk of pepper, a tea spoonful of poultry dressing and a tablespoonful of ch<>pp««d parsley. Combine the in gredients. mold into a loaf and hake thirty minutes. Unmold, and serve with tomato sauce or catsup. Nut and Cheese Loaf. —Take a cup ful of rich grated cheese, one cupful of English walnut or hickory nut meats, a cupful of dry bread crumbs, two tablespoonfuls of water, a tea spoonful of salt, a few dashes of pep per, two taldespooiifuls of chopped onion and a tahlespoonful of oil. Cook the onion in the oil and water until tender. Add crumbs, nuts and cheese with seasonings. Bake in a loaf till brown. Garnish with lemon points. Nut Croquettes.— Take one cupfnl of any kind of nut meats at hand, add a half cupful each of bread crumbs and cooked rice, soak the crumbs in half a cupful of milk, add an egg slightly beaten, a teaspoon of salt and a dash of pepper. Mold, dip in egg and crumbs and fry in deep fat, us ing corn or other vegetable oil. Nut, Cheese Date Salad.—Stuff dates with cream cheese after remov ing the pits from the dates. Roll ta ground nuts and pile on a salad pinto with a mound or mayonnaise in tho center. Nut Muffins. —Take one and « half cupfuls of barley flour, add a half teaspoonful of soda to a half cupful of «our milk, a half teuspoonful of «alt. Mix with a half cupful of mo lasses. one egg and. a half cupful of hickory nuts. Add a teaspoonful of baking powder to the barley flour. Mix as usual, giving the hatter a good hearing, pour into greased muffin pan» and hake thirty minutes in a moder» ate oven.