AMERICAN SOLii* KITCHEN IN ITALY
The canteen service of the American Red Cross has given a number of
portable kitchen trucks to the Italian government. The photograph shows
one of the new trucks.
Farmer Proposes New Method to
Increase the Yield of the
CLAIMS MANY ADVANTAGES
Proves Successful In the Experiment
al Stage—British Government Ex
ports Are Much Impressed
London.—In these days of cereal and
fodder shortage the farmer who suc
ceeds ip growing two bludes where
one grew before would be looked upon
•s^uhllc benefactor, but an English
fanner has succeeded in going one
beiter i nyd writes to the Times to give
4deJu^i | of the new method.
tie suggests that if his plan is adopt
ed 1 'there will be more grazing this
year, more beef next winter, more oats,
wheat and hay in 1919, and more graz
In 1919. If the new method is as suc
cessful over a large acreage as It has
proved to be in the experimental stage
It may rightly be termed a discovery
The new method is ns follows:
In July, by the use of a specially
devised drill, a winter cereal and an
artificial fertilizer are simultaneously
drilled through an# grass land intend
ed for haying the following year. By
September or October the cereal will
lrnve made a top growth of from eight
to ten Inches. Tills is then grazed off
with the grass bj* whatever live stock
ts turned out upon it, and the grain,
nominally an annual, is thus turned
Into u biennial by virtue of Its yield
cif valuable grazing in the autumn pre
ceding the year of the normal grain
The autumn grazing encourages und
«strengthens the roots of the cereal.
Owing to the protection from frost
given by the covering of turf, normal
»spring growth begins earlier, more
heads are thrown up, development Is
more rapid, and the grain ripens at the
same time as the hay, both being har
vested together. The harvesting is
done by means of an ordinary mowing
machine fitted with an extra knife at
the proper height above the grass to
cut the heads of the grain. The low
er knife cuts the hay ns usual and the
upper knife acts as a header.
A carrier behind the "header" knife
dejKisits the grain In a separate
The advantages claimed for this
method are many, among them being
The productive rapacity of the land
is doubled. Old and valuable grass
lands are not only not destroyed, but
are Improved. Economy of labor
throughout; plowing and harrowing
are not needed; both crops are gath
ered together, planting and rolling are
done at the same time, and the grain
crop is gathered with ease and cer
tainty, as there is no green growth
■with the grain to be stood in the sun
MAIL FOR SOLDIERS
New Service Is Installed for
Ililitary Postal Express In France
Similar to the French
With the American Army in France.
—A general order just Issued estab
lishes for the American expeditionary
forces a military postal express serv
ice similar to the French system.
Under the adjutant general's office.
Xieut. Col. Thorndike D. Howe will
receive all muil for the American
forces, supervise its distribution and
attend to the collection and delivery
to postal agents of outgoing mall.
The director will establish his own
regulations as to size and weight of
packages and will have close relations
■with the allied postal authorities. A
.central military post office will be es
to dry. Economy of fertilizers. A
saving of one-half of the seed usually
needed. The autumn grazing is of a
fresh nitrogenous character. The pas
sage of the drills through the turf im
proves the surface drainage. Tire
equal mixing of straw with the hay for
fodder. The great convenience of July
planting for the farmer.
Saves Permanent Pasture.
It is asserted that under this method
no permanent pasture need be broken
up, rather that the larger part of the
arable land might be put down to per
manent pasture. The permanent pas
tures are in hay and corn one year and
grazed the next. In the spring of the
grazing year seeds of annual legumes
can be planted through the pastures
with the same machine ns is used
to drill in the grain, not only on ac
count of their feeding value, hut also
to Increase the nitrogen in the soil for
the following cereal crop.
The drilling of the seed through the
turf Is accomplished by a small knife
bladed foot that can be attached to
any drill in place of the disk.
Government experts have been so
impressed with the possibilities of the
method that priority certificates have
been granted for the manufacture of
the fittings or the import of any parts
which may be necessary if they can
not be obtained here in time for this
Willing to Give All,
but Sought No Bond
Franklin, Pa.—An old woman
entered a bank here and, pro
ducing a sum of money, said :
"I don't want a Liberty bond. I
hear my country needs the
money and 1 want to give it. It
is all I have, but Uncle Sam shall
The matter was arranged to
her satisfaction, but she has a
Libert v bond unknown to her.
FIND TOOTH OF MASTODON
Railway Worker« Dug It Up in Penn
sylvania and Are Looking
Sharon, Pn.—That the monsters of
the mastodon family roamed over this
part of Mercer county in prehistoric
ages Is evidenced by the uncovering
of a monster grinder tooth and part
of a bone by workmen of the Besse
mer & Lake Erie engaged In building
a line through Otter Creek valley, two
miles north of Mercer.
The molar is of great size, some
eight or ten inches across the top,
with three pronged roots nearly a foot
long. Near by was found the socket of
a joint. The bone is about 30 inches
long, and the diameter of the socket
14 inches. Foreman Andy Narly was
in charge of the forces when the
find was made. Strict orders have
been Issued to the workmen to be
on the lookout for more fragments of
teeth or bones.
tablished at the headquarters of the
The various military units will have
their own orderlies to care for the
mail. The general post office will
keep records which will make possible
the speedy redirection of letters In
correctly addressed. Branch offices
will be established to take care of
the mail to and from troops attached
to the British and French forces.
Other branches will be set up for
troops as they arrive in France.
FORGET TO HOLD ELECTIONS
Two Towns in Oklahoma Overlook Im
portant Event and Officials
Will Hold Over.
Oklahoma City, Okla.—Two Okla
homa towns, Edmond and Marlow,
"forgot" to hold city elections this
year, nnd as a result, the*p r csent city
officials will hold over, according to a
ruling by Joseph Marris, secretary of
the state election board.
The omission of primaries by both
towns was an oversight, the officials
declared, and as a result, no elections
Civilian Commission Will Make
Aforestation and Improvement of Wa
ter Supplies Greatest of Coun
London.—-Two principal recommen
dations which the civilian commis
sion now in I'alestine will make for
the reconstruction of that country
will be a schema for beginning afores
tation, and a proposal for the conser
vation of water supply by storage and
by opening up old spriugs.
A preliminary statement from a
mendier of the committee says: ''The
greatest of all Palestine's needs is
aforestation. For centuries the land
lias been denuded of its trees, with
most disastrous consequences. For
the heavy rains at certain seasons, in
stead of benefiting tlie soil, ofer more
than four-fifths of the area carry away
In ruslilng torrents much of tlie little
soil that remains on the high lands
and valley slopes.
•'Palestine lias not always been tree
less. The Roman emperors had valu
able forest in the country, and Absa
lom was caught by the hair among the
trees, hut today one might gallop from
Dan to Beersheba without having to
duck one's head to avoid a branch.
"Trees of rapid growth will be plant
ed, and for the more cultivable dis
tricts fruit-bearing trees will be util
"The storage of water In lakes nnd
reservoirs is comparatively simple. By
erecting small dams across certain
ways, a series of small reservoirs can
be constructed at little expense, cre
ating a supply that will last through
out the dry season. In southern Pales
tine hundreds of natural springs can
be opened which under centuries <f>t
misrule have been allowed to choke
up and fall into disuse.
"Palestine today possesses an ad
vantage it never had before in a first
class railway connection with Egypt
All the surplus crops will find a ready
market in the growing Egyptian
18. WEDS OCTOGENARIAN
Mrs. Catherine \\ olf Hart is the
eighteen-yeur-old bride of James Har
vey Hart, a wealthy retired jeweler
of Brooklyn. N. ¥., eighty-six years
old. The elderly bridegroom met his
bride while she \#as employed as a
manicure in n Brooklyn barber shop.
Mr. Hart's children threatened to have
the marriage annulled. He has three
"HERBS" CAUSE HIS DEATH
Elderly Patient Swallows Concoction
and Dies—"Poisoned," Says
Anderson. S. C.—Milton It. Garrett,
seventy years old. felt indisposed and
called on an "herb doctor" who gave
hlm n concoction which the doctor con
tended was "purely vegetable." Gar
rett took a dose of it. His indisposi
tion increased to excruciating pain.
Then he called a "regular" doctor.
The physician advised Garrett he had
been poisoned and a short time later
the patient died.
can be held. The attorney general has
supported the ruling of the election of
Naming Dobbin Kaiser
Gets Owner in Trouble
Oakland, Cal.—Naming his
horse "Kaiser" caused John Men
donca of this city considerable
trouble. John was talking rath
er loudly to the animal when he
was overheard by his neighbor,
Hans got the Idea that John
was referring to him, a loyal
American, as "Kaiser." He
pulled Mendonca off his wagon,
beat him and knocked him into
the gutter. The injured man had
his assailant arrested* on a
charge of battery.
French postal authorities are experi
menting with American automatic and
Tongue Has Played Greater Part
in World War Than the Pen
By CYRUS TOWNSEND BRADY of the Vigil.nte.
The pen may or may not be greater than the
sword. That depends upon use and the user. Accord
ing to Richelieu the proverb only applied when the pen
was in the hand of tffe truly great. However the mat
ter may stand between pen and sword, how about the
relative importance to them of the mouth?
m That the tongue is a flerv little member by which
|§ a great matter may be kindled lias been marked a
|i'* long time ago, and in Holy Writ. Its power has been
$ eloquently set forth at length in phrases as familiar as
- household words. The effect of its abuse has been noted.
But use and abuse should be and are opposite and equal. Which fact is
frequently lost sight of, especially in this present world war.
Yet the tongue lias played a greater part, than the pen and almost as
great a part as the sword in determining events, and on both sides of the j
game. Witness Yon Bothniann-IIollweg's ineffable remark about the j
solemn treaty which he characterized as "a scrap of paper." Has any
thing disclosed the German mind more completely? Has anything done
more to fix the resolution of the enemies of Germany than that careless
phrase? We intend that they shall not he permitted to regard treaties
to which they are pledged merely as scraps of paper. By no means.
Again, has any single contribution to the world-war efforts by any
single man equaled the words of that maker of telling and unforgetable
phrases par excellence, President Wilson? Yi'hen he speaks the world
listens find its better part heeds and approves. He has contributed the
equivalent of great and successful battles by his ringing words, and some
of them are as immortal as the words of Lincoln or Luther or Shake
speare or Faul.
Nevertheless, it is impossible to speak too much and to lose sight
of action in talk. I do not think we have approached that point yet
Indeed, when the history of what the United States has accomplished in
its first year of war is known we shall be surprised as well as delighted
at the amount There is still room for talk, therefore, and it is my
opinion that the more we talk about the issues of the day the more we
discuss our problems, the more we seek to encourage each other with
speech—in this instance more golden than silence—the better off we shall
be and the more we shall achieve. Don't disdain speaking, it is still a
Talk on, my friends. If you do it the right way you will help greatly.
But if you can also act, by all means act first and talk afterward.
Great Responsibility of the High School
for Many American Ideals
By AURELIA HENRY REINHART
Freiidcot of Mill» College, Oakland, Col.
The high school is not yet crystallized. The length of its course is
still unsettled, varying from three to eight years. The number and kind
of its departments differ widely. Curricula vary largely. The require
ments for graduation are changing. The high school is striving to meet
the most important demands today in modern public education. It is a
good thing that the high school is thus in a state of flux. It bodes well
for our future.
What, then, is the definite relation between this evolving institution
and the formulation and inculcation of American ideals in American
children in their teens? American high schools are using, more now
than ever, American content in literature and history. At the same time,
while we thus teach nationalism, we must maintain a proper perspective
by the study of the language, art and literature of other peoples. Mental
isolation is fatal. In the eighteenth century men generalizing broadly
expressed their ideals oratorically. Today, while in spirit we still cry,
"Give me liberty or give me death," we express our ideals ever more
simply, soberly and concretely. We are the outcome of a noble past ; we
come of a people of large ambitions and large opportunities, but today
our life is becoming more intensive, and each one must do his part with
less waste and greater efficiency. Eternal vigilance for the preservation
of the large view and the wide perspective is necessary to preserve the
individual essential sanity of mind and nobleness of attitude toward life.
In all schools, in all variations of all schools, there are two stable
factors: first, the open-minded teacher, so truly patriotic that he needs
not talk about it and so patient that he strives ever to lift up the stu
dent to the best American ideals; second, the oncoming generations that
are to be future American citizens. It is the chief business of the public
school to provide an atmosphere and environment in which the fine per
sonality of the teacher may best develop an intelligent world-enlightened
patriotism in the minds of American youth.
Responsibility of Normal School for
Training Teachers for All Work
ßy G. W. NASH, President of Normal School, Bellingham, Wash.
What is the proper function of the state normal school? Granted
that its chief work is preparation of teachers for the elementary schools,
must its labors end there? Is there any good reason why an institution
maintained by the state for the sole purpose of preparing teachers should
regard itself subordinate to the colleges, that count teacher-training as
merely incidental to their larger work, or to the departments of education
that are usually despised—but tolerated—by the general faculties of the
I believe that the state normal school is peculiarly commissioned by
the commonwealth to prepare teachers for its schools. It is alleged that
universities and colleges have looked upon the state normal school with
changing sensations—first with contempt, next with interest, and finally
with alarm. "The normal school is becoming too popular, too important
is assuming rights and privileges sacred to the institutions higher up,"
declares the spokesman for college and university. In the face of dust
thrown up to blind the public, the state normal school must boldly take its
stand for educatio*tal leadership and maintain its right to train all kinds
of teachers for the common schools.
By making normal-school work severely practical and suited to the
needs of the public, we may eventually bring to the institution the com*
plete recognition to which it is entitled.
HOW MRS. BOYO
' AVOIDED AN
Canton, Ohio.— "I Buffered from a
female trouble which caused me much
suffering, and two
that I would have
to go through an
operation beforà I
could get Weil.
" My mother, who
had been helped by
Lydia E. Pinkham »
pound, advised me
to try it before sub
mitting to an opera
tion. It relieved me
from my troubles
so I can do my house work without any
difficulty. I advise any woman who i®
afflicted with female troubles to giv®
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound a trial and it will do as much for
them."—Mrs. Marie Boyd, 1421 6th
St, N. E., Canton, Ohio.
Sometimes there are serious condi
tions where a hospital operation is th®
only alternative, but on. the other hand
60 many women have been cured by this
famous root end herb remedy, Lydia E.
Pinkham'a Vegetable Compound,«.iter
doctors have said that an operation was
necessary — every woman who want®
to avoid an operation should give it a.
fair trial before submitting to euch a.
If complications exist, write to Lydia.
E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn, Mass.,
fer advice. ' The result of many year»
experience is at your service.
NR To night
NrturV« Remedy le Better end Safer
Than Calomel. Cleane Out System
Without Griping. Stops Sisk
Bilious attacks, constipation. sicR
headache», etc., are In the great ma
jority of cases due to digestive troubi®
and no reasonable person can expect
to obtain real or lasting benefit until
the cause is corrected.
Nature'« Remedy (NTt Tablets) ts ®1
vegetable compound that acta on th®
stomach, liver, bowels and kidneys,
the purpose being to bring about
healthy and harmonious action of all
the organs of digestion and elimina
tion. It acts promptly and thoroughly,
yet so mildly and gently that ther®
Is never the slightest griping or dis
But that Is not all. Nature'®
Remedy (NR Tablets) have a benefi
cial elTect upon the entire body. By
Improving the process of digestion
end assimilation, tho nourishment I»
derived from food, the blood quality is
enriched, vitality is increased and th®
Whole system strengthened.
Once you get your body ln th!»
•plendid condition, you need not tak®
medicine every day—just take on NR
Tablet occasionally when Indigestion,
biliousness and constipation threatens,
and you can always feel your best.
Remember keeping well Is easier and
Cheaper than getting well.
Get a 26c box of Nature'« Remedy
(NR Tablets) and try It. It is sold,
guaranteed and recommended by JTOU S
Soap 23c. Ointment 23 and 30c.
tllROPW TREfYMENT. GItm qtUck rettete
_ I «ran W» Soon removes swelling and shot®
r=»lbre*th. Never heard of Its equal for dropejs
fiTrj le Trial treatment tent Flit, by malL
„ Writ, to DR. THOMAS E. CREEN
Bank Bid«.. Bex 20 , CHAT «WORTH, BA.
TWO GOOD CARNEGIE STORIES
Advancing Years Evidently Have in No
Way Dimmed Scotsman's Keen
Sense of Humor.
Mr. Andrew Carnegie was once ask
ed which he considered to be the most
Important factor in industry—labor,
capital, or Drains ? The canny Scot
replied, with merry twinkle in his
eye: "Which is the most important
left of a three-legged stool ?"
The above reminds us of what Mr.
Carnegie once said at a dinner:
"Don't believe the old fellows who
talk about the superiority of the past
over the present. Those old fellows
are possessed by the same absurdity
which possessed Dash.
"'I guess I want a pair of spec*
tacles.' he said to his oculist.
"'Ah. old age coming on, oh?' laugh
er the oculist, 'Eyes failing—eh,
"'No,' said Dash. 'No, my eyes at
forty-five are just as good fis ever they
were, Dut- — hang It—the light nowa
days ain't the same.' "—London Tit
"Yes, I'm to give the bride away.*
"Well, I'm sure she looks very pre
Nashville, Tenn., reports 100 new li>
dustries started In the last 12 montha
When you think of
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