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The St. Charles herald. [volume] (Hahnville, La.) 1873-1993, August 03, 1918, Image 4

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034322/1918-08-03/ed-1/seq-4/

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A
AIDE LIGrtTA
Ars Worry and Overwork Killing Our Congressmen?
W ASHINGTON.—Why are members of congress dying oft so fast? Tbe
mortality rate in both the senate and the house has recently increased so
remarkably that the capitol statesmen are apprehensively searching for ttie
answer. Within a year the senate
alone lias lost seven of its members,
or about 7 per cent. The house lias
lost almost as many. What's the most
disquieting about it. from a member's
point of view, is that death has taken
few of dc oldest members, Its heaviest
toll being among those of middle ago
and supposedly the most vigorous.
Is fast living responsible for fast
dying among congressmen? It cannot
be. With rare exceptions, the national
lawmakers are sober, serious men.
They do not dissipate. They are not devotees of the cabaret, and, though
Washington Is now dry, they seldom go to Baltimore.
Congressman Arthur W. Overmyer <>£ Ohio lias come to the conclusion,
from personal observation, that the real answer is worry and overwork. A
member of congress Is always a busy man, if he conscientiously looks after
the business of bis district, but when a war comes along his work is multiplied
and magnified. The strain is intensified and the weight of cares often becomes
perilously oppressive.
Overmyer is an active and robust man. He is still less than forty years
ohl and lias nothing the appearance of a corpse, but lie has felt the increasing
stress of work and, being up to date, has made an efficiency survey of his own
lime for one week. The result is set forth in the following letter to a friend:
"For a number of months I have been wondering where all my time
went, the days always being too short to accomplish what had to lie done. I
knew I was busy, but wondered if I was not wasting time somewhere by lack;
of system or something. So I determined to keep an account of my time and
what I did from a certain Monday morning to the following Saturday night
and at the end of the week found I had put in 76 hours of work."
fl
t
Flag Made for Tuscania Burial Placed in Museum
P RESIDENT WILSON lias deposited in the United States National museum
a Hag which will excite in tin* hearts of the people feelings of the deepest
gratitude toward our allies. It is the United Stutes flag used at the burial of
American soldiers who were lost with
the sinking of the Tuscania. The flag
was made by four Scotch women and a
Scotchman of Islay House—Jessie Mc
Lellau. Mary Cunningham, Catherine
McGregor, Mary Armour and John Mc
Dougall —in order tiiat over the United
States soldiers when laid at rest there
might wave the Stars and Stripes for
which they had given their all.
Frank M. America of the London
staff of the Associated Press, who was
a:
T
o'
the first American to arrive at^slay
after the disaster of the Tuscania, was asked by Hugh Morrison, the Scotch
landowner at whose residence, Islay House, the flag was made, to send this in
fr ifstiiig relic to President Wilson with the request thut it be placed in some
museum or institution to lie selected by him. Mr. Morrison took a prominent
part in the Tuscania relief work and donated the land for two cemeteries in
which American soldiers now lie.
The flag, 37 by 67 inches In size, shows plainly by its workmanship that
It Is hand made. It was transmitted to the president by Melville E. Stone,
general manager of the Associated Press, and has been placed on exhibition
in the entrance hall of the older museum building, where are displayed
many priceless relics of American heroes of former wars. It is accompanied
by three photographs, one of the group oT five makers of the flag, one of Hugh
Morrison, and one of Colin Campbell of Port Ellen, who provided clothing and
did everything possible to make comfortable the American survivors from the
Tuacania who landed at Port Ellen on the Mull of Oa.
District Is Doing Its Duty in Housing Workers
r llAT Washington is going to do more than was expected of it in housing the
government's war workers is Indicated by the fact that the room registra
tion office of the District council of defense has hundreds of more rooms listed
than it had six weeks ago. Early in
April fear was expressed by govern*
ment officials that the supply of rooms
at the registration office would be ex
hausted by May 1, and that it would be
several months before housing accom
modations would be built by the gov
ernment.
Despite these fears there have
been new rooms listed at the registra
tion office at a rate that has more than
kept pace with the influx of new work
ers seeking room. No Washingtonian
i who has a room available, however, .should fuil to list it because of the knowl
edge that the registration office is at present keeping pace with the demand.
It is understood that Otto M. Eidlitz, who has charge of the government'!
building program, Is expecting the homes of Washington to provide for a large
proportion of the 20,000 or more workers who are expected to come here dur
ing the remainder of this year.
The first dormitories to l<e erected will have a total capacity of 5,000.
Accommodations for several thousand more may be built later. The Maltby
building near the capitol will he remodeled after the terms of the housing bill
and several large residential properties in the northwest now used for govern
ment offices are expected to he vacated for thp use of the housing bureau as
soon as new temporary office structures on the Mall are ready for occupancy.
In spite of the new dormitories and the remodeling of the Maltby building
and other large buildings now used as offices, officials of the housing bureau of
the department of labor expect the room registration office to find accommoda
tions for possibly more than 5,000 war workers, in addition to the large num
ber that already has been placed by that office.
(ÇE)
WMIHGTOH
yflU. ttKVE RMttf
pAp 10.000
•* -
Mr. Burleson Promptly Restored Old John's Salary
T BERE is an old colored messenger in the post office department building on
the southwest corner of Eleventh street and Pennsylvania avenue. He is
one of many messengers, hut his claim to distinction rests on the fact that he
has been in the service for 35 or 45
LOOK-S like th 7 !
UMlftR I W08.K
{ Ttt'LESS I G£T
years or some such term of years.
Several months ago he suddenly
found himself reduced in salary from
$900 to $720 and the only cause gi\en
was that the department had to
cut expenses. The old man thought it
pretty hard that he should have been
among those hit and he wondered at
such a reward for his long service hut
lie said nothing.
Nobody heard him complain.
Then one day he happened to be
sent UP to the house office building with a message for one of the members of
the house post office committee.
Now, It happened that Postmaster General Burleson himself was visiting
the member that morning and was present when the messenger came in.
It also happened that the messenger had never seen the postmaster gen
eral.
"John," sail the member of congress, "how do you like your job at tho
post office department?"
"I like it all right," came the reply. "I ain't got no kick. Only-"
"Only what?" asked the representative.
"Only I don't understand some things," replied the messenger, "After I
been working there for all these years, to git reduced, that seems a funny way
to give a man reward."
Still the postmaster genera! remained impassive—and unknown.
But the next day an order was issued at the post office department It
was signed by Postmaster General Burleson and called for the reinstatement
of messenger in the $900 grade
!
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iiiiMCt
IN'S SUBMARINE
Fabric cf International Economic
Life Is Threatened.
DEPENDING ON LAND POWER
! Germany's Aims Must Be Thwarted,
Forcing Her to the Sea and Ob
servance of Its Rules of
Freedom.
By FRANK J. GOODNOW
I (From the Committee on Public informa
tion, Washington, D. C.)
The nineteenth century witnessed
what was probably the greatest
achievement of tin- human intellect.
This was the bringing about of the
j economic unity of the world. Since
the opening of the present century it
may lie said that no country which lias
any marked development lias been seif
; sufficient. The products of the trop
| les have become articles of necessity
j to the inhabitants of the temperate
j zone. The minerals which nature lias
j stored in such profusion in particular
districts are regarded as hold in trust
for the world at large. Failure in the
I crop of certain staples like cotton,
j which can he grown only under pe
culiar conditions, is felt In distant
j lands. Drought in the Australian an
tipodes makes it difficult for Europe
to clothe herself in wool.
This economic world unity has been
the result of a slow development.
Many things have contributed to its
growth. Without, however, the recog
nition of the freedom of the seas it
would have been impossible. The
transportation of many products is
conditioned by the cheapness of
freight rates incident to water routes.
Tiiese routes are available for general
use only if the sea is free to all who
desire to use it, unmolested from at
; tack. Tlielr interruption as a result
i of the naval operations of the present
war has been followed by scarcity in
many countries.
The freedom of the sea became an
established fact only in comparatively
recent times. A perusal of the quaint
phraseology of some marine insurance
policies, often still retained beyond
the times to which it is applicable, re
veals the dangers incident to ocean
travel not so many years ago. Pirates,
potentates and princes all combined
not so long ago to make the risks of
ocean travel extra hazardous. The
claims of potentates and princes to
monopolize the ocean were recognized
as incapable of justification only a few
hundred years back. I'irates still
plied their nefarious trade within the
memory of living men. Indeed, pirates
are still to be found in the rivers and
estuaries of southern China, and mer
chant ships In that part of the world
are compelled to arm themselves even
now against piratical attack, as was
Universally the case the world over
not much more than one hundred years
ago.
No Peculiar Rights to Sea.
The freedom of the sea against pi
ratical attack was secured by the
united efforts of all seafaring nations
who treated the pirate as an outlaw to
whom no consideration or quarter was
to be given. Long before this result
was reached it was determined by
common agreement that no one coun
try should claim any particular rights
in the sea such as Spain and Portu
gal had with papal sanction once set
up. Apart from the influence of prin
ciples of justice, it was found as a
practical matter that live and let live
was the only principle which could he
applied. For interference with the
ships of any country was easily re
payable in kind. Ceaseless hostility
between seafaring powers would have
followed the application of any other
policy, as it did actually follow the
monopolistic attempts of Spain.
The significance of the submarine
which has first been used in the war
now raging consists in the fact that
its use imperils the economic unity
of the world to which attention lias
been called. The submarine threatens
the freedom of the seas through the
recognition of which progress in the
direction of world economic unity has
been made possible. The submarine
threatens the freedom of the seas be
cause no adequate method of defense
against it has as yet been discovered.
If it is used as it has been in the past
few years by a nation whose chief con
cern is land rather than sea power,
retaliation and reprisal are impossible.
Two can play at the game of sea mo
nopoly when surface shipping and sea
faring nations are concerned. But
where the submarine is used by a power
whose interests are continental rather
than oceanic the game which is played
is quite a one-sided one. All the pow
er which is attacked can do is to en
deavor to destroy as many submarines
as possible, and recent experience
would go to show that such a policy
is not effective. A power which makes
use of submarines for the destruction
of merchant shipping of course in
vites reprisals, but if that power has
no shipping sifch reprisals are im
possible.
Owed Existence to Britain.
This Is the situation at the present
time. The submarine is the weapon of
the German empire whose seacoast is
both small and completely under the
control of Great Britain so far as con
cerns its use as a base for sea power.
Germany had, it is true, a great mer
chant marine before the outbreak of
the war. But she knew very well that
that nu
Tchn
nt m a
rine
owed
Us
very
existent
•e to
the fn
rin •
i ranee
of t
; ; !-. at
Britain
and
that at
tie
• first 1
trua
;h c.f
war it
woul
d melt
aw;
ay.
Germ;
any,
therei'
ore.
deteri
ni ix*
>d to
pin her
faith
on rai
Iwaj
rs wliii
•ii >1
aiilllii
pas« tii:
rmifd
i lands
uni
1er fiel
• co
nt ml.
This is
tile
secret
• if
the Be
TÎ in
-Baa
dad rail
Iway.
, This
is i
lie rea
ISOII
why
Turkey
was
hrotiaf
it in
Hier lu
T (i<
timin
ion and
Seri!
iia was
sac;
riticed.
T<
i tills
belief in her continental destiny is due
the desire to exercise lier influence
over Austria. The fulfillment of her
plan involved the control of Constanti
nople, since only at Constantinople
can the water separating Europe from
Asia Minor Ik* crossed. Serbia had to
he subjected to her dominion because
the only practicable path for a rail
way to Constantinople was through
the Morava valley which lay in Serb
ian territory. If Germany can control
tills route she need not consider her
unfavorable position as regards tho
sea. She will have a commercial high
way unassailable by any power. She
will also have a vast territory capable
of economic development. Site can
finally make the present sea routes so
dangerous by attack from submarine
bases, either in the north or in the
neighborhood of Constantinople, that
they will have to he abandoned. The
freedom of the seas will have been
destroyed, the economic unity of the
world seriously impaired, and the
work of centuries rendered of little or
no avail.
Must Destroy Land Power.
The submarine is significant to us
then not because through its use sev
eral hundred American lives have been
lost or because a few American ships
have been destroyed, but because the
whole fabric of international eco
nomic life is threatened. The only
way in which to save that life—and
that it is worth saving none will deny
—is to destroy Germany's land power,
or cause lier to realize that the world
will not permit any nation so to con
duct herself as to imperil ideals which
after so many years of toil and trou
ble on the part of tho civilized world
have received all but universal recog
nition. That we as Americans are in
terested in these questions is thus
quite evident. At first blush the in
terest which we have in securing to
Serbia an outlet on tlie Adriatic, or
in the rehabilitation of the Balkan
states does not perhaps appear. Nor Is
the reason evident, perhaps, at first
why we should insist upon the emanci
pation of the Slavs submerged in tho
Austro-Hungarian empire. A strong
Serbia and a weak Austria, however,
are absolutely necessary if Germany
is still disposed to use the submarine
in the manner in which it has been
used. For only under these condi
tions will the land route upon which
she has staked so much become impos
sible. Only when such a land route
has been abandoned will Germany be
forced to return to the sea. When
she does she will find it necessary to
observe the rules which have been
elaborated to protect the freedom of
the sea. Only when she does so can
we hope for a further development
In the direction of the economic unity
of the world which means so much for
human progress.
BOY'S LETTERS TO MOTHER
Missives Written From Trench or En
campment Have Much More Than
Ordinary Meaning.
The soldier boy should understand
that he must do a good deal of the
letter-writing himself. He should not
depend upon the mother or sister to do
It all. A letter from home is a grand
influence but a letter home makes the
writer truer, stronger and nobler. Re
member every word the boy writes lias
a mission in it, and that mission em
braces himself as well as the loved
ones at home. A boy can make for
himself a tine character by simply
writing to his mother. He cannot hold
converse with her even by mail with
out becoming a better boy. He is not
in near as much danger from army
follies and sins after writing a letter
to his mother. Any hoy who writes
frequently to his home will make a bet
ter soldier and come out of the war a
truer man. The army is a school and
letter writing is a recitation that shows
a boy's intellectual and spiritual prog
ress, and it will do what a recitation is
designed to do—stir him to do his best.
A letter to mother is a loving thought
of her and these loving thoughts make
the boy a brave, truer soldier.—Ohio
State Journal.
The Japanese Week.
In old Japan the week was entirely
unknown, and it was not until the pres
ent era that the ichiroku, or holidays,
one of the "ones" and "sixes" of each
month (I. e.. on the first, sixth, elev
enth, etc.), were introduced. But that
was speedily abandoned for the week
system. Sunday is an official holiday,
with names adapted from the Occiden
tal names, as follows: Kickayobi (Sun
day), Getsuyobi (Moon-day), Kayobi
(Mars-day), Suivobi (Mercury-day),
Mokuvobi (Jupiter-day), Kinyobi
(Venus-day), Doyobi (Saturn-day).
Sunday is in vulgar parlance also call
ed Dontaka, which is a corruption of
the Dutch Zontag, and Saturday is
called Handow—that is, "half-Sun
day."
Martyr and Coward.
A witty judge declared recently that
"a patriot was a man who refused to
button his wife's blouse. A martyr."
he went on, "is one who attempts and
fails, while a hero tries and succeeds."
'Then what is a coward?" asked a
curious bystander.
"Oh, a coward," replied the Judge,
"is a man who remains single so that
he won't have to try."
Universal Military Service Is the Gieat
Preparedness Program
By EDWARD W. PICKARD of the Viciant«
The threat war, whatever may be its effect on tho
fate of dynasties ami on national boundaries, is certain
to be followed by a "leveling" process wider than tho
world has ever known. Already the movement is well
under way in many of the countries of the old world,
and its spread to the new world is inevitable. 1 he in
sistent will of the great mass of the people is imposing
itself on the governments of the nations. here it is
not expressed by their legislative représentât i\ es it viill
be given voice more directly.
The ancient fiction that there are no "classes" in
America has long been discarded, but before many
years we will have approached much nearer to that
'.deal state of equality. The nations that are best prepared for the coming
change will suffer the least disturbance from it. r l lie I nited States now
has under consideration a plan potent to prepare it uni vernal military
training.
In the working of this plan the young men of all stations of life will
be brought together on terms of absolute equality. 1 he sons of the farm
er, the miner, the artisan, the professional man, the capitalist, the con
gressman, will drill together, hike together, dig trenches together, mess
together, sleep together, and no man will be belter than his comrades. In.
this close association they are bound to thresh out their differences, to
learn one another's needs and views, and from this must come mutual re
spect for varying opinions. At the end of their term of service these young
men will return to civil life with a knowledge of their fellow citizens such
as their ancestors never have had.
What the people of America want they can have. The whole coun
try, rather than congress or any one administration, was to blame for our
lack of preparedness for the war. Universal military service is the great
preparedness program for after-the-war conditions, dhe whole country
«rill Iw» liluiim it' it nr» I fldnntpn
Educational Opportunities for All Country
Children Must Be Given
By MARY C. C. BRADFORD
State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Denver. Colo.
The rural school problem as a whole is practically one with the great
problem of America's function in modem civilization. For America's
proper discharge of its mission in twentieth-century life depends upon the
effectiveness of its educational system, and that part of the school organi
zation embraced in what are called rural schools provides for the train
ing of more than one-half of the children in the United States. Therefore
it is easy to see the importance of giving to the majority of the school
population of our country such advantages as will enable them to become
worthy to transmit the best traditions of American life and thought tt>
future generations. Ample educational opportunities for all country
children must be afforded by any school system claiming to do efficient
work. Education broad and deep and rich in content and practically
adapted to the needs of the rural community must be the aim. The coun
try child is entitled to instruction from professionally trained teachers
and to the use of schoolhouses and playgrounds arranged in such a way
as to conserve health and comfort and to develop appreciation of beauty
and the use of power. The community is entitled to the possession and
use of such buildings for all purposes tending to enrich the community
life and to tighten the bond of community unity.
The rural school teacher is entitled to a salary commensurate with
the cost of living and the present-day demands in the lines of scholarship,
professional activity aud community leadership. The teacher is also
entitled to a home environment of comfort, added to at least a modicum
of beauty, to the end that hours of preparatory work and leisure may be
speut in congenial surroundings, thereby increasing the efficiency of
the teacher.
Breeding Stock on Farms Is One of Most
Vital Factors to People
By A. G. LEONARD, President of Chicago Union Stock Yards
To the average American farmer the world war is still a far-off event
V hen lie does wake up to the true significance of this great struggle,
j hc wil1 see that preservation of breeding stock on farms is one of the most
; vital factors to all the people of every nation, in order that the world's
rapidly disappearing supply of meats, wool and leather may be replen
ished. Everything points to a continuance of the war for some time to
come. The world's needs will increase as the war goes on.
Is it not plain that the demands upon agriculture for food and cloth
ing will grow greater and greater with eaeh month of destructi a; that
it will be impossible to produce an adequate supply, especially of ani
. mal products, suih as meat», leather and wool, unless breeding herds are,
maintained, and that those American farmers who an* wise enough to
realize this fact and prepare for the world's coming greatest needs, which
ure inevitable, will reap the greatest rewards for their foresight, both in
money and the gratitude of their fellow men?
There was an estimated yield last year in tbe United Slates of
3,210,000,000 bushels of corn, which is an increase of 627,000,000 bushel»
over the crop of 1916. It is easily seen that the usual Quantity of corn
thrown upon the gram market aud sold as corn will be moro than doubled
j during the season just about to open.
The amount of corn consumed directly as human food is so small
compared to that fed to liv- stock that any probable increase in the
former would scarcely affect the proportions of the entire crop; so, ia
j spite the great world demand for cereals, there is more than likely
during the coming year to be a large surplus of corn thrown upon the
markets for grain, with resulting declines in market value. At the same
time conditions give a posi*.ive assurance of sustained prices for live
stock of all kiüds.
The logic of the whole situation points to liberal profits for those
! who study it broadly in the light of facts and hold on to their young and
J feeding stock until matured. " °

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