Bureau to Save Grain in Threshing
H" ""•""v^ÂïftÂïa. 8 - c ™™' "
By ROBERT H. MOULTON.
i l-' ( nited Suites food «idiniiiir-trotinn
« stitmites Ibat approximativ tîXTSSZ ï'" f N>W Y ° rk
h..<h,ls t hr,-shod. because «f methods •,n,i* J*li•*''° "\'" V '' r ' V 100
*«ved if every farmer in the <o„„trvw r ! * , . hw i amount
uhi. h have been outlined. If this N done « ,,, C ' T, '" n Mmp,e ruk * s
«hm, bushels of wheat for this vear ! s ,n' wi n . . ...... bi ' S ' S S,M, '' KM ''
is exceedingly probable, i, „nnns leite t reports indicate
, 1 ln " staggering total of 24.UOO.OOU
, . " ' ,tu> ,ul "c sum of XTJ.SOIMhio will be saved
to tins country. And this applies to wheat alone. The saving on oats and
• 'th* i Mtiull grains will Im* in proportion
I';, 0 "*;; U ; h,,,,n ; SS '»■<' ",e noeesMty of employing more
< a ref ul methods ,n threshing, the food administration has j„si ereated a
vrain-threshing division, under the direction of cnpt. Kenneth 1). licquem
bourg. an active wheat producer of Oklahoma, and has entered upon a cam
paign which ,t is hoped will bring about the desired result. It is proposed
to carry on educational work among farmers through the medium of thresh
ing eomnuttoes which will he established in each county. These committees
will be composed of the county food administrator, countv agricultural agent
nnd a retired thresherman representing the local council of defense.
wwm y „ /-y. , « -, ... .
Threshing Scene in the Great Wheat Belt.
Agriculturists, threshing machine men and others with an intimate knowl
edge of threshing-machine operations, readily admit that there is a big waste
in threshing operations, but ask how much of this waste cau be saved, and
in what manner It can be accomplished. In answer to this, the food admin
istration grain corporation states that it believes I s ,% bushels in every 100
threshed can be saved by having all machines go Into harvest In excellent
repair, with ample power, and by seeing that during harvest they are shffi
ciently adjusted to meet varying conditions, so that a minimum of grain is
blown into the straw pile ; that one bushel In every 100 threshed can he saved
by having all machines in such repair that very little gruln leaks under and
around them on to the ground, and if what does leak out in this manner, and
is otherwise scattered about the machine, is cleaned and threshed before the
machine leaves the field; that % bushel In every 100 threshed can be saved
by careful handling of bundles from the shock to the machine or stack, and
by arranging the bundle wagons so that all grain which scatters therein shall
lie caught and saved. ..
The percentage of wheat which has been lost In the past by, being dis
tributed upon the ground or into straw piles to he fed later to the animals on
the farm Is a very considerable one, and farmers as a rule hnve overlooked
these leakages with the excuse that the stock would get the benefit when they
were turned in. The food administration is particularly Anxious to discour
th | S practice during the present year, when no wheat at all should be fed
to animals Many reports have already come in of .straw piles appearing
,, n ,p n with sprouted grain. In some sections of Kansas threshing outfits
made it profitable practice last year to follow other thFeshing outfits, pur
chase the straw pile and rethresh. Instances of from 3 to 7 per cent saving
of wheat by this rethreshing process have been common.
The importance of having all machinery in perfect shape for threshing
«„„not be overestimated. This includes keeping the thresher cyli .der up to
M>eed- keeping all teeth straight and sharp; seeing that the pulleys and belts
Vre capable of delivering sufficient power, with a safe margin of excess, to
keep the separator up to the required speed, under average operating condi
tions- making proper adjustment of concaves and other parts of the separator,
mid arranging that extra supplies and repair parts are on hand.
The greatest loss in preserved eggs
comes from the fact that fertile eggs
are preserved, according to C. S. An
derson of the Colorado Agricultural
college. Fertile eggs will keep equally
as well as infertile eggs, providing at
no time they have been brought to a
degree at heat where the germ starts
to develop. In holding fertile eggs for
preserving, they should not be al, ow«l
to get above 50 degrees Fahrenheit
I mring the early spring months this Is
easily done, but in warmer weather
ponltrymen should take the precaution
sind produce infertile eggs. Fertiliza
tion is not an incentive to egg produc
tion among domestic fowls, and the
«umber of eggs produced will be in no
The fertile eggs contain no germ to
bp developed, withstand more heat,
are slow to decay, and can be preserv
ed W ith the minimum amount of loss.
Raise Mint and Parsley.
Start a little mint in an out-of-the
It I« very handy
will live on for year after year. You
JSrtS!? to 1 emonn'd" «mlTn in "tw.
al for mint sauce to serve * > th lan '
at ior m , too, should be
mid mutton. * arM y. pverv
1 • Vnn will find use for it every
cstjzzi - rj° r sa,or '
tug soups and cottage cheese.
Yield of Tomatoes.
The average yield of tomatoes In
the United States last year is placed
at about four ton* to ^^iJoSoOO
-that Is, canned and made into cat
sups, etc. Canneries are s $ ea .
to $18 the ton for tomatoes this
Men Having Gray Eyes Have
Proved to Be Best Marksmen
Gray-eyed men, says a Fort Worth
correspondent, are the best marksmen.
This has been proved after eight
months' experience at the rifle range
of Camp Bowie, and besides old army
experts will tell you the same thing.
When Capt. B. K. Breese was here
giving his Instruction In the use of the
new rifle he said that proflcleuey In
marksmanship usually ran according
to the color of the eyes, men having
gray being the best shots, gray-blue
coming next, blue third, huzel fourth,
brown fifth, and black sixth.
Records show that soldiers whose
eyes are light brown to black cannot
shoot with accuracy at a distance
greater than 500 yards and at 800
yards miss the target altogether.
Even with different nations the
color of the eyes has determined
shooting ability. Nearly every Mex
ican has brown or black eyes and they
—well, they dre the poorest shots in
When passion is king, reason
Any man who speaks nothing
but the truth Is never garrulous.
If Ananias were living today
he would not be considered so
Usually the more money a
man has the more selfish his
A woman may talk until things
get serious and then give the
man a chance.
Every man knows how mean
his acquaintances are, but he Is
never absolutely sure about him
Electric Light Hatches Chicks.
A new system of Incubation hatches
chicks by the heat of an electric light
nnd er a glass bell In which the eggs
• r — u—U
THE NEW MINUTEMAN
He was working just as peaceful as tie
i.seii to Wi.uk al linin'
That's anywhere you . are to name from
Galveston to Nome
He was oiling up an engine, or was toy
ing with a spade,
When the Teutons took a notion that
they'll like to start a rai l.
Well, ilie worker saw them coming like
the spawn spilled out oi heil
And he cocked his Yankee eye at them
and said: "oh, very well,
if my job is interrupted I'll find some
thing else to do,"
And he shook his hairy Yankee list at
all the Teuton crew.
Then he hailed a wounded Tommy an 1 he
said. "See here, my son,
1 would thank you mighty kindly If you'd
let.me have your gun.
For those chaps have stopped my work
ing and 1 feel chock-full of spite.
So 1 guess I'll dig a shelter hole and set
tle down to light."
lie hadn't soldier I raining and he didn't
Hut he knew the proper place was
"front," and there lie took l is stand.
Hike a soldier of the soldiers, like a pe r
among his peers,
For the credit and the honor of the
And he may lie dead or living, but wher
ever lie is found
He will sure he facing forward and hold
ing hard liis ground;
And he holds his proper station in the
hearts of those at home—
That's everywhere that you can name
from Galveston lo Nom"!
- C. C. A. Child, in "The Fighting En
• Mother's Cook Book •
A bar of soap may become a murder
ous weapon. A poor cooking stove has
sometimes been the slow lire on which
the wife lias been roasted.
Good Wartime Dishes.
A most tasty combination which was
discovered quite by accident is the f<>l
lowing: In preparing a potato salad
for a small family the addition of
two guests made the stretching of the
salad imperative, so a cupful of nice
ly seasoned cottage cheese, which had
been left over, was added to the pota
to salad, making such a tasty one that
hereafter we will use cottage cheese
with our potato salad. A pimento had
been used to season the cheese, which
added to the appetizing flavor.
Beat one egg. add a cupful of sugat
a tablespoonful of ginger, two cupfuls
of flour, a half cupful of melted fat,
one cupful of molasses, a teaspoonful
of salt and lastly a cupful of boiling
water in which a t Pa spoonful of soda
has been dissolved. Bake 40 minutes
In a moderate oven.
Virginia Spoon Bread.
Add a half cupful of hominy to a
quart of water and cook for 25 min
utes, then ndd two teaspoonfuls of salt,
three beaten eggs, four tablespoonfuls
of shortening; ndd a cupful of milk,
two cupfuls of comment and one and a
half teaspoonfuls of baking powder.
Mix and beat thoroughly, then bake In
a well greased dish 45 minutes. Serve
with a spoon from the dish.
Take two cupfuls of rolled oats
ground through the meat chopper, add
one-fourth of a cupful of milk, one
fourth of a cupful of molasses, one
and a half tahlespoonfuls of fat, one
fourth of a teaspoonful of soda and
one teaspoonful of salt. Mix and roll
thin, cut in squares and bake 20 min
utes in a moderate oven. This recipe
makes three dozen cookies.
Spiced Oatmeal Cakes.
Take one and a half cupfuls of whent
flour and oatmeal, one-fourth of a cup
ful each of sugar and raisins, one
fourth of a teaspoonful of soda, a half
teaspoonful of baking powder, three
tablespoonfuls of fat. one-fourth of a
cupful of molasses and a half tea
spoonful of cinnamon. Heat the fat
and molasses to the boiling point, mix
and bake In muffin pans for 30 min
Onions Good Disinfectant
in Any Case of Infection
Much has been said about the vir
tues of the onion, but few know of Its
use as a disinfectant, says the Lon
An onion cut in half and set in a
room will attract to itself all manner
of germs, leaving the air sweet and
pure; it is therefore most valuable
in cases of Infection. You should
take care, however, to burn the onion
No part of an onion should ever be
used for domestic purposes after hav
ing been allowed to lie about over
night. The eating of raw onions is a
'great personal protective In time ol
epidemic, and If taken with cucum
bers the breath is left innocent of
any objectionable odor.
New Caps for Yankees.
A new cap without brim or peak,
and matching the army uniform In col
or, Is being worn now by all American
soldiers overseas. War department
statements said the cap not only In
more practical than the regulation
campaign hat worn by soldiers In this
country, but adds to the safety of the
men In the tren hes, as In the case of
tall men the campaign hats could be
seen above the parapets. The cap can
be worn under the steel trench heb
Women As Farm Fïelpers
May Ably Aui*t in Solving the Farm-Labor Problem—Many Ways to
While woni' ii van do much in tin* solution of tin* complex and rather
pressing farm-labor problem, it should tu* understood that the limn povvei ot
tin* country is nut yet exhausted and iliat. except for certain lighter tasks,
mt'ii are better adapted than women for farm labor.
On account of Hie demands for labor in necessary industries, and because
for many years past lie- cities with tlicir attractions of high wages and amuse
ments have drawn many pion from ifie farms, there is not now enough labor
seeking employment to supply the demand of the farms lor extra help, espe
cially during the periods of seasonal strain for cultivating and harvesting.
While mui h i> heing done by the departments of agriculture und lahor
to mobilize man power for farming operations, much yet remains to be done
if we are to make sure the saving of tin* crops which have been planted.
The primary responsibility must he assumed by the regions and communi
ties most vitally affected, because no ageucy of government can create labor
or compel men to pursue any particular vocation. In all towns and cities
adjacent to agricultural ragions there are many men of farm experience who
can be spared for a day at a time or a week at, a time, as the case piny be.
to help the fanners with tiioir most pressing tasks. In many such towns and
cities last year men were spared from ordinary business and industry, lrom
offices and shops, and crops were cultivated and harvested which otherwise
might have suffered serious loss. Such adjustments must he made this year
and undoubtedly will be made when the eorniminilies affected come into a full
realization of the necessities of the case.
In releasing the men of farm experience in the cities for farm labor, many
women can be utilized to take tlieir places for a few days at a time or for u
whole season. Generally speaking, it will become more and more necessary
for women to take the places of men in all occupations.
In addition to relieving men in towns and cities, women can actually
perform many farm tasks such as dairying, vegetable cultivation, fruit gather
ing, etc. The precise method of utilizing women for farm labor cannot be
prescribed in any uniform plan, hut it will depend upon conditions in the
community and upon the farms. Ot eotir.se steps must be taken to see that
women laborers are properly housed and otherwise are safeguarded from
unnecessary hardships. Women who are not physically able to perform labor
may be of great service to farmers by ascertaining their needs for labor and
endeavoring to supply such needs. Organized groups of women eager to
render publie service might well undertake by personal visitation to make
surveys of the farm-labor situation in their neighborhood. More helpful even
than that in many places would be for some of the women ot the towns and
cities til take the p!* >:s of their Country sisters during tin* periods of labor,
stress and actually do the housework in order that the women of the farms
may help their husbands. Some of the finest of our American women
are cooking and washing dishes in the hospitals of trance. 1 he women of
France are between the plow handles. No good woman would hesitate to
keep house for her sick friends for a week. It would he beautiful service if
city women would keep house for country women for a little while. Of
course this is not as attractive or as romantic as binding up the wounds of
soldiers, hut it is one of the things that must be done if the soldiers are to
It does not seem to be possible to work out any uniform plan of mobilizing
farm labor or of directing the employment of women on farms. The important
thing is to get the problem fairly before the American people and specially
before the community groups. When a group of Americans, whether of men
or women, understand a problem or realize a necessity, they «nay be depended
upon to solve the problem and to meet the necessity in the best possible way.
Hal Chase Has Lost None
of His Skill Around Bag;
Baserunners Know Danger.
Although much farther advanced in
years than wlieu he first broke in with
the Yankees, Hal Chase is the same
graceful performer for the Reds that
used to hold American league fans
spellbound by his work at first base
for the Gotham entry in Ban Johnson's
Nothing seems to be too hard for
Hal to tackle, and the same ease char
acterizes every movement. Chase
must be close to thirty-three years of
age. yet to look at him in action one
would never suspect that the Califor
nian lias seen nearly ten years of serv
ice in the major leagues.
He has not been troublesome at the
bat thus far in the series, but he is all
over his side of the field, and the base
runners never take more than a pass
ing chance with his arm.
Apparently Chase has forsaken his
desire to create trouble for the man
agement or ownership, too. Hal seems
to be one of the most satisfied mem
bers of the Reds, and he works like a
Trojan for Matty. Like a good many
other star pas timers, Hal possessed
the disposition of a prima donna when
in the American league, but his serv
ice In the Federal and since with Cin
cinnati has wrought a big change In
the clever first baseman.
A whirlpool bath Is the novel treat
ment applied at a hospital In Manches
ter, England, for cases of rheumatism,
heffrt disease, shell shock and debility
following typhoid and dysentery. The
tank, lnrge enough for 12 men, con
tains four feet of water and Is pro
vided with scats on which the bathers
are immersed to their necks. The
temperature is kept nr 93 degrees Fah
renheit, just below that of the body.
The room is quiet and dimly iizhted,
and after an hour in the bath the
n ».*n go to r(.st rooms.
Fish a Valuable
By the U. S. Department of
Fish, which have always been reck
oned as a valuable food, have been
shown bv a series of digestive experi
ments conducted by the department of
agriculture to deserve a more impor
tant place In every diet. The tests
show that fish are coftp letely utilized
in the body.
In the experiments Boston mackerel,
buttertish, salmon and grayfish—a va
riety not generally used in this coun
try—were made into "fish loaves" and
served as a basis of a simple mixed
diet to young men of healthy appe
Both the protein and the fat of the
tish were well utilized. Following are
the percentages of protein digested:
Boston mackerel. 93.1 per cent ; but
terfish, 91.9 per eent ; grayfish, 92.8 per
cent, and salmon, 93.2 per cent. The
percentages of fat digested were
found to be : Boston mackerel, 95.2 per
cent ; buttertish, 86.4 per cent ; gray
fish, 94.3 per cent ; salmon, 93.7 per
In uddition to the fish loaf th iet
Included potatoes, crackers, fruit,
sugar and tea or coffee. On the aver
age the subjects each day ate 440
grams of Boston mackerel, 471 grams
of buttertish, 440 gums of grayfish, or
355 -grams of salmon. Indicating that
In every case the fish was eaten with
Facts Worth Knowing.
An asbestos suit has been
made for workers around furn
Stainless steel etiflery con
tains about 13 per cent chro
mium. The use of this ingredient
In the manufacture of steel for
this purpose lias been temporari
"Colbalterom" is a steel made
by a newly-discovered process
which permits of castings being
made which will act like parts
heretofore turned into shape.
Iron alloyed with gold has been
introduced as a substitute for
tin In the making of cans.
Last Son of Revolution.
Nelson Moore, elghty-one years old.
believed to be the last real son of the
American Revolution, died recently at
his home In Omaha. Moore was born
near Vernon, Oneida county. New
York. His father, at the age of fif
teen was fighting with the Continental
army and was with Washington at
Valley Forge. Moore came west and
was a government freighter on the
plains in 1869. In the years following
he had many experiences with Indians,
ne perfectly remembered his father
and remembered many of the inci
dents of tin- Revolutionary days told
bv the older Moore.
Whales and Porpoises Are
Often Taken for Submarine
By the Watchful Gun Crews.
There is peri! in being a whale <>r a
porpoise in the north Atlantic these
days, according to Nelson Collins in
the Century. If you are a whale, par
ticularly a spooling whale, you are
apt to in* mistaken for a submarine;
and if you are a porpoise, you are apt
to lie taken for a torpedo. There is
many u shattered carcass and abashed
gun crew. In the phosphorescence of
even winter nights a porpoise just un
der the surface ran make an experi
enced lookout have a moment's sus
pense. The line of white is a little
narrow and a little high for a torpedo,
hut it) the first moment a lookout isn't
given to exaei measurements. The
white at bow and stern on a phos
phorescent night is conspicuous evi
dence of a ship, though it is a ques
tion how plain it would be through a
periscope at about its own level. From
the decks Of tilt* ship itself or from the
deck of an emerged submarine it flash
es plain If it could only be camou
flaged along with the smoke. And on
such a night in the zone there is the
eerie sense of more than one subma
rine that lias worked her way along
in tin - white wake of a slow ship, keep
ing tab so through the night and wait
ing for dawn to sheer off and strike.
That is why, as dark comes on, a de
stroyer is apt to drop buck from the
side of the ship and lurk along the
wake, seeking its prey also. I remem
ber one velvety black night. Sudden
ly a great white trail shot across our
how front port to starboard and just a
few yards ahead. If a porpoise is too
narrow to make a torpedo trail, this
seemed too broad, but deep enough. It
was the wake of a destroyer that had
cut across in a hurry.
: A FEW SMILES j
Louise, nine years old. asked her
mother: "Where is pap going?"
"To a stag party." she replied.
"What is a stag party, mamma?"
Sister Mabel, seven years old, who
had been listening with dignified at
titude of superior wisdom, answered
instantly: "It's where they stagger.
Didn't you know!"
It was the first
time that Rich
ard's father had
seen "her," and
they were talk
ing things over.
"So my son has
proposed to you,"
he said, "and you
hlm 7 I think you
might have seen
S h e blushed
sweetly as she replied:
"I did, but I think I prefer Rich
"T understand, Mrs. Grumpy, th' e
was a great deal of vacillation In your
"Yes'm, but none of It ever took."
A Rational Conclusion.
must buy every
thing on the in
"What ni a k e s
you think so?"
"I heard Jimmy
Itinks ask bis fa
ther whether the
new baby would
be taken awuy if
they couldn't keep
up the payments."
Wife—Your Aunt Maria In contint
to visit us, but, really, I don" see t*ow
I can find time to entertalu her.
Hub—Invite your Aunt F' za t. '
they will entertain each oHier telling
about their diseases.
"Is this machine automatic?" -
"Absolutely. Needs no attention
whatever. The agent says It will even
pay for Itself." *.
War Develops There Are
Many Illiterates in U. S.
The war has, as Secretary Lane pats
it In bis letter to President Wilson an^F
the chairman of the congress ornmtt*
tees on education, "brought facts (p
our attention that are almost unbe
lievable" with respect to the preva
lence of illiteracy in this country, ob
serves the New York World. r
Nearly 700,000 men of draft
cannot read or write In any laagoa, e.
There are over 4,000,000 iflttera* -
nbove twenty years old or ogre, (jj
literates above ten yeurs of age- ,j»e
common basis of reckoning— number
5,516,163. „ ,
Of an army so vast that map 1
In pairs 25 miles a day, ft wor
two months passing the IVUte
as Mr. Lane figures, over 58
are white and 1,500,000 ar
born whites. Immigra tiaa
means the sole fuctor la r
that saps the economic as .
mental resources of the
"An uninformed de*t
a democracy." Sécrétai
the attention of cungrej^^i
forming a bureau of t
the eradication iff '"hilt
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