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Peace and Tranquillity Now Prevails Between Mine Owners and Employees * R. inuvi n Ith _ _ ___ JOHN P. WHITE, Forma President United Mine Workers of Amène* At no time in the history of the coal mining indus' try has there been such peace and tranquillity as now prevails between employers and employees There are 700,000 men employed in and around the coal mines of this country. If they could be kept steadily employed the year around we would hear very little complaint about coal famine. But this seems to be a physical impossibility and we must deal with the situation as it presents itself. During last winter's Eevere fuel shortage the _ - miners in many localities in this country worked on J®hday8 and Sundays in order to relieve the situation. If an adequate ■car supply can be regularly maintained in the principal coal-producing districts of the country by the railroads, there will be no need for alarm «bout shortage of fuel, because we have an abundance of coal and a great ■nny of the best coal miners in the world. The individual output of the American miner is more than that of the coal miner of any other country. We have some of the best coal deposits in the world and the physical conditions are adapted for large production. Our mines are modem and well equipped and capable of producing enormous tonnage. If the operators, the miners and the railroads co-operate, an abun dance of coal for all needs, domestic and otherwise, will be supplied. My knowledge of the miner leads me to believe that he is willing and anxious to enter upon team work in this matter with his employer, the govern ment and all concerned, if given the proper opportunity; and it is only by this method that maximum results can be obtained. The miner has always been a man who loved his independence, and be can be relied upon to contribute his full effort when approached in the proper spirit. In other words, he will co-operate, but cannot be driven. It is in this spirit of co-operation the success of the mining indus try, as well as of all other industries, lies. Therefore the coal operator who desires to obtain the best results from his men should approach them in this spirit and the response will be wonderful. Controversies which in the past have been instrumental in promoting friction and increasing labor troubles, and which often resulted in strikes or lockouts, will become tilings of the past. Workingman Now Fighting That Democ racy, Liberty and Justice Shall Not Perish By GEORGE W. PERKINS, Raida* at Ggamaka** InteraatioQ*! Umoo For years before this war broke out the dream of sentimental inter nationalists of the world had been to prevent international strife by gen eral strikes in case of wars of conquest. At a meeting several years ago of the miners' representatives from many lands an English delegate pro posed a resolution providing that in the event of a war of aggression the miners of both countries involved should refuse to dig coal. The Ger man delegation said that if such a resolution was ever introduced they would have to withdraw, for if they even sat in a meeting in which such » resolution was discussed they would be tried and executed for treason. The same thing has happened on other dccasions. The German delega tions always knew they would have to refuse to have anything to do with any proposal to interfere with their government's plans for world con quest or face a firing squad. My personal experience while studying the labor movement in Ger many was such as to make me more than ever and absolutely and unquali fiedly back of our government in this war. I found absolutely no democ racy in the German labor movement. No meeting of workingmen could be held in Germany without government police supervision. No one could •peak in a foreign tongue at any labor meeting without first submitting bis ßpeech to the autocratic government, having it censored and being given a permit to make the address. For years in Germany formation of labor unions was absolutely pro hibited. Workers had to meet secretly and in imminent peril of arrest. When the German government finally saw the workers could not be intimi dated in this way, it grudgingly granted permission to organize, but udder so many restrictions that any true expression of labor's aims and desires was impossible. Our forbears disputed the demands of kingB and potentates. Rebelling •gainst religious intolerance and social injustice, they started our first great war. It was successful. The second great crisis of our nation brought on the war for the -efiinination of human slavery. It, too, was successful. Now we are at an even greater crisis. We are fighting that democ racy, liberty and justice shall not perish from the earth. Again we must and we will be successful The time for argument is past. The pacifist's cowardly pleas are AmH. You must now either be pro-American or pro-German ; pro-democ racy or pro-autocracy. There can be no falling back, no wavering. All of us must be heart and soul for democracy and victory or for autocracy, militarism and slavish subjection. Payment of Indemnity to Germany Will Make Liberty Loans Look Sick By G F. JONES There is many a man now in America wbo talked against prepared foi years that wishes he had bit his tongue out. But let us think of the present and the future rather than of the past. It is true that "of all sad words of tongue or pen, the saddest are these: It might have been." But that will only help us now if we use It as a lesson to teach us something for the future. If we win this war it will cost us a lot, because we are not seeking and probably never will seek indemnity from the Germans, and if they lose they will have nothing to pay indemnity with, even if we did demand it. If Germany wins—France will pay half or more of her territory- England will pay with the loss of her fleet and half or more of her army- • America will pay the money indemnity to make Germany whole for all the losses she has suffered. That indemnity will make the Liberty loans •f twenty or thirty billions, as they may eventually be, look sick. J J 3 - f 3 j) HOW A PARISIAN AIR RAID FEELS # Red Cross Inspector Tells Thrill ing Story of Desperate Moments. NOISE ACCOMPANIES ATTACK Yank Engineer* Go About Unperturbed While Rescuing Injured—Victims Are Sent to the Sister* of the Poor. "Washington.—Writing of a German air raid on Paris, one of the American Red Cross inspectors gives a thrilling account of how American troops and Red Cross workers give aid to the city in such desperate moments. He de scribes an air raid in this fashion: "Nowhere is there any sound hut the echoes of footsteps. Not a street light Is to be seen, not a single ray of light —nothing but the inkiest and most im penetrable darkness. Then all of the noise in the world seems to break loose. Clang-clang-clang booms the tocsin like a gigantic pneumatic riveter work ing on a colossal bell. Whooo-o shrieks the siren, running up and down the scale In an awful wail. "The streets come to life. Doors open and slam shut. The sidewalks are full of ghostly figures hurrying to ward the caves, where the Inhabit ants have fitted up cots and bunks. They get up now to make a sitting place for the newcomers. The chil dren go to sleep with their heads on their mothers' shoulders, and a girl In the uniform of a street car conduc tor swaps yarns with a Poilu in dingy blue. In the last raid the front trucks of her car were thrown from the rails by the displacement of air caused by an exploding torpedo. The car and Its Inmates were unhurt. The Poilu looks a mite Incredulous and mur murs: 'I can well believe you, made moiselle.' Archie* Barrage Sky. 'Outside the noise continues for about three or four minutes and then subsides as a new noise starts—the Archies, or antlaircrft guns, which commence to bark furiously from half a dozen different points. Searchlights rake the sky. The Archies continue their clamor, but they are not firing at anything, merely keeping up a bar rage fire to prevent the Boches flying over the city. "Suddenly there is an earthrock lng whoom. No doubt as to where the Boches are. Whoom, whoom, whoom 1 One involuntarily ducks and tries turtlewlse to cover his head with his shoulders. A hideous noise resounds up and down the deserted street— falling walls, and the tinkling and crash of showers of broken glass and roofing tiles. "Through the glass and litter of the street an American Red Cross camol nette comes plowing Its way. One of the city firemen stands on the running board. " 'Anybody here from numbers 49 "13" FIGURES IN SINKING Fateful Number Play* Prominent Part In Connection With Los* of Oransa. Pittsburgh, Pa.—The figure 13 was very prominent In connection with the sinking of the steamship Oransa, on which were the 57 T. M. C. A. war workers. The following is part of a letter received at the Metropolitan headquarters of the Pittsburgh Y. M. C. A. from one of the secretaries In London. "The sailors said they were not su perstitious, but— "The passengers went on board on i Friday. "The Oransa left America on April 13. "Thirteen vessels were In the con voy. "Thirteen preachers were on board the Oransa, also thirteen Methodists. "It was the thirteenth round-trip for the commander of the convoy and the thirteenth trip for an escorting war ship. "R. C. Bennett, of New York, assign ed to berth No. 13, was the only sea sick passenger. He moved out. Thom as B. Dawson of Providence, R. I., who took on No. 13, had the narrowest es cape. "The torpedo struck at 1:03 a. m., sinking the Oransa In thirteen min âtes. "Lifeboat No. 13 alone was destroy ed by the explosion. "Upon reaching shore a conference was called in Room No. 13, and one mnn received hat check No. 13. "On the thirteenth day out a black cat on board increased the passengers •>y three black kittens. Aside from that there was nothing connected with superstition." D~D-D J EXPERIMENTS ON SHELL J TO END U-BOAT MENACE 3 Evansville, Ind. — William - Schnabel Is experimenting on a shell with which he hopes to end the submarine peril by shooting the U-boat instead of Its peri scope. He says his shell Is non ricocheting and that It will not f skip along on top of the water 3 when shot at an angle, as those j) In use now do. 3-0-0—O-O-O-OO—0-0—O—0-0-0 # to 51?' he calls. A half dozen voices yell out that there is. " Ts everybody here from those numbers? Was there anyone left In either of those buildings?' "There is an anxious calling back and forth and a rapid counting of noses. 'Ail here,' Is the answer! Send Victims to Poor Sisters. "Good ! Not much left of those two buildings. Don't enter the ruins un til they have been Inspected by the engineering department Go to the Sisters of the Poor if you want food or a place to sleep. "A half-mile away a bright red glow gets larger and larger and lights the sky. A fire has broken out in the railroad yards and is making great headway. Several cars of oil are burn ing fiercely and spreading to cars of merchandise. "Two railroaders have got hold of a switch engine and are shunting out whole strings of ears. " 'Do you know anything about these French engines, sir?' asks the Impromptu engineer. *1 can't find the d- brake.' "The fire is eating Its way toward a pier on which stands a line of drums of gasoline. " 'Come on, boys ! roll these kegs o' gas outa here,' yells the corporal, and the line of drums starts trundling down the pier. It Is Infernally hot, and the average man knows Just how hot gasoline can get before It begins to misbehave; but the line never wa vers. " 11011 'em along, boys ! Keep 'em going. Everybody has got to die some time.' Little by little things become quiet* The fires die down. The Archies stop. Now the tocsin sounds again, this time with slow, stately measured beats. This Is the 'all's clear* signal." 1 HIGH COST OF GOVERNMENT Operation Expense Ha* Increased 39 Per Cent In the Last Fif teen Years. Washington.—Now we have the high cost of government. It has risen 35 per cent In the last 15 years, accord ing to a recent department of com merce report on financial conditions of 219 cities In the country. The report shows that the average American city Is in a healthy financial condition, run on good, business-like lines. The total revenues were $1,065, 537,142, or $32.04 per capita, and total expenditures $821,491,575, or $24.70 per capita. The total outlay for the 219 cities was $286,529,900, or $8.61 per capita. From this last returns could be expected which, on the average, would still further reduce the expen ditures. Next to taxes, the largest Item of which was the tax on the liquor traf fic, the greatest source of revenue for the cities was public service enter-, prises, the bulk of which came from public water systems, which doubled the nmount of money spent on them. The net Indebtedness of New York city alone, $987,347,610, was three fifths as great as all other cities of over 30,000 Inhabitants taken together. The per capita indebtedness for Chi cago was $28.70, and St. Louis $25.07, both of these cities having an indebt edness which was smaller than most of the small cities and far below the large ones. FRENCH TAPE HOLDS RELICS Relative* of Fallen Heroec Complain of Delay* in Getting Effecte. Paris.—Complaint has be^n lodged against the bureau in the Rue Lacre telle where relatives of men fallen in battle go to get the few sad relics the heroes left—their papers, their watches, their little keepsakes. All the effects of men killed or missing are sent to this bureau. The complaint is that there Is inter minable delay, and efforts are being made to speed it up. HUN HYDROPLANE TAKEN mmmm k ■ ■'rJ m j***' msk 'Wim .y****'-'*' mm m j a m mm mm m This German hydroairplane, painted to look like an American machine, was brought down by the gunners of an American transport In the Mediter* rnnean. The pilot and observer were captured and the plane was taken ta an allied base. \ WOMAN FOOD CONTROLLER those In back of two un the the food glow the the of a out the the of o' and hot, how wa 'em m m 39 35 of of The Hon. Mrs. Lyttleton, deputy di rector women's branch of food pro duction department, England. Mrs. Lyttleton is doing excellent work in ameliorating the food situation. SliTcRosT^ Organization Perform* Big Task Helping the Unfortunate* In That Country. In Washington.—In the historic Palazzo Vecchio of Florence, Italy, the Ameri can Red Cross distributed clothing to more than 40,000 refugees and pov erty-stricken Italians in two days. The contents of each parcel covered a wide variety of needs, from underwear to layettes for children yet unborn. Part of the supply came from this country, part from stocks In neutral countries, where Industrial Red Cross agents have been able to satisfy a portion of their needs, and part from the Italian market, now nearly exhausted. In addition, orders for food were distributed to persons whose needs were guaranteed, small certifi cates good for five lire worth of rice, canned meat or condensed milk, when presented at the city storehouses. To pay for this draft on the municipal provisions, the American Red Cross deposited 20,000 lire with the city as sessor. The press of the country comment ed on this relief work of the Ameri can people as "the greatest single gift on record to any Italian city during the war." ARE DOOMED FOR WORKHOUSE Frustrated 8ulcldea In New Jersey Are Sent Up by Polica Magistrate. Trenton, N. J.—Despondent saloon keepers will be committed to the work house by Magistrate Gemghty If they fall In attempts to kill themselves. An example was furnished recently when Michael Curley, at one time the pro prietor of a prominent drinking place In the city, was sent to the Institu tion to serve three months because he tried to drown himself in a creek. He was pulled out In the nick of time by a policeman. When arraigned In court, clad only In a blanket, Curley delivered a brief speech In which he said: "I am so ber. all right. I attended a funeral a few days ago, and then decided there was nothing more to live for, so I Jumped into the creek. No one cares for me, and Fm Just In the way." Godmother to Famous Gun. Olympia, Wash.—Mrs. Ernest Lister, wife of the governor of Washington, has accepted an Invitation from the battlefields of France to act as god mother In the christening of the first gun In a French battery that has serv ed with distinction at Verdun, on the Somme and In Flanders, and Is still serving In the present drive. In her honor, Mrs. Lister's name will be in scribed on the gun. 5 * GET LARGE-PRODUCING cowè Purebred Bull and Only Best Heifer* From Best Cows Should Be Chosen for the Dairy Herd. ^ (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Breeding furnishes the most econo®* leal way to obtain large-producing cows. The purebred bull, with genera» tlons of high-producing ancestors back of him, must be used for breeding, and only the best heifers from the best cows should be chosen to be the dams of the next generation. Pure breed» ing alone does not make a good sirô The purebred sire should come from 6 long line of high-producing ancestors If an old bull is selected he should hav« high-producing daughters. Two course« are open to the dairyman when buy» lng a herd bull; he can purchase e young bull from a good, milk-producing stock, or he can purchase an old and tried bull. In either case the bull should be healthy and from a herd free from disease; he should have e good constitution and be of good com formation. In selecting a young bull - The Tried and Proven Bull Is the Best Investment. the buyer should choose one whose male ancestors have uniformly high records of production, since this indi cates that high production Is a fixed characteristic of the family. Careful attention should be given to the record of the young bull's dam, and after that to the daughters of his sire. The rec ords of closely related animals are of far more Importance than the fact that the pedigree may Include, three of four generations back, some excel»* tionally high-priced animals. The tried and proven bull Is the best investment. When a bull's daugh ters are larger producers than theif dams, he has improved the herd. Many good bulls, however, are sacrificed be fore their worth can be determined, which means the continual use of young bulls whose real value Is not known. The sire should be kept un> til his daughters have shown his worth, and If he Is a herd improver he should be kept In the community as long a» he is useful. * The owner of a large herd of cows can well afford to own a first-class bull, and the bull association has now made It possible for the owner of a small herd to own a share In a good, well-bred bull. A co-operative bull as sociation Is a farmers' organization whose chief purpose is the Joint own ership, nse and exchange of high-class, pure-bred bulls. If skillfully man aged these associations should be event ually the greatest single factor in ths upbuilding of our dairy herds. The typical co-operative bull association la composed of from 15 to 30 farmers. It Jointly owns five balls, and divide* Its territory into five breeding blocks, to each of which one bull Is assigned. As many as 50 or 60 cows may belong to the farmers In each block, and the bull should be kept at some farm con veniently situated. The blocks are numbered from one to five and to pre vent Inbreeding each bull Is moved to the next block every two years. If all the bulls live and If all are kept un til each has made one complete circuit, no new bulls need be purchased for ten years. In that way, paying only a small part of the purchase price of sne bull, each member of the associa tion has the use of good, purebred bulls for many years. In one association having more than 100 members th« original cost to each was only $23. m another association of 50 men»bers th# average Investment was $25. It (a possible for each association to co» «nue for ten years or more with«» other additional cost than the m»««. tenance of the bulls. Most of the milk in the Ui States is produced in small herds talning four or five cows. Pm bulls are comparatively few in ber, and expensive. It is. thi impossible for 'each dairyman small herd to own a purebred ] cause of the expense It would Impracticable to buy such a bu small herd. It would further economical to limit the use of bull to a few cows, when his be extended to a greater s cows. If purebred bulls could In all the grade herds, In a eratlon nil the offspring w least half purebred and immense improvement. By the bull associations it is small herds to nave the w good purebred bulls at tha coat.