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The St. Charles herald. [volume] (Hahnville, La.) 1873-1993, November 02, 1918, Image 6

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Our Part in Feeding the Nation
(Special Information Service, United States Department of Agriculture.)
■ ■■
These Are Smooth-Haired Cavlea, the Preferred Varieties.
Done ms "or
Small Animals Used in Testing
and Standardizing Serums
and Antitoxins.
Animals Weighing About
Nine Ounces Are Required for
lledical Reeeareh Work—Some
Mints an Raising Them.
Guinea pigs are fit for any table and
sue receiving attention now in connec
tion with the utilisation of every means
«C Increasing food supplies. There is
«»other war-time use, however, that
perhaps appeals more to the imagina
**tr This is in medical research, es
puni]; in testing and standardising
: antitoxins and serums. Such medical
'itMtrch work has been much enlarged,
«»I has greatly increased in impor
• tance since America's entry into the
world war.
The guinea pig, in being made to
help in the testing of serums and anti
toxins, confers a direct benefit upon
American soldier. Therefore, the
pi g is doing his bit and persons
who enter the industry of raising
•guinea pigs likewise help to meet •
war-time need.
In medical research immature ani
TTL.it. weighing 250 grains (nearly nine
«onces) are required. This weight Is
Attained in about six weeks. In past
-jenre the average price of a guinea pig
fos been about 75 cents, but reports
Ihave been received recently of labora
tories paying from $1 to |L80 because
.of the scarcity of suitable stock. Per
sons favorably situated near cities or
Institutions requiring largé numbers of
•Ulnea pigs may establish a profitable
business In supplying them. They
ahrmlfl remember, however, that ani
rmls previously used for serum or an
titoxin tests, or the offspring of guinea
- «jgs that have survived such tests, may
he unfit for laboratory experiments.
Guinea Plge as Food.
ffriinoB pigs are seldom eaten in the
«Teited States, but their near relation
to rabbits and the fact that they
wholly vegetarian in habits may
«assure anyone entertuioiug d°ubta
, aa to their fitness for the table. The
«U yiM of the domestic species _
rt. chief cause tor its neglect as a food
yet other highly esteemed
JSeTanlmals famish less meat than
* m method of dressing the
rfg for cooking is the one gen
S5T adopted. The animal 1*
bjTdfriocating its neck, after wWchJt
mb through about tlto "**J**T!L
_ sacking pig ha preparation for
SJfor a few minutes to bleed and is
tfcen scalded in water that at first: 1*
. . The hair is removed, the
«Uh scraped with a knife, the «traita
ÎÏÏL ontand the
«.„Id water. It is then rradyfor the
_. k The Peruvians usually roast the
Sniais, but the number of
«**- •» -
of Guinea Pig«
Management ^giiy raised aa
"„"«b i«. «>>■
*£**55* «££ -fS
It guinea pi*? ^to he preferred ;
Mglu-colpred Idndsareto P v
geifitific VW^untirictive
The chief
point in selecting stock is to obtain
healthy animals that will mature quick'
ly and attain good size.
Guinea pigs require about the same
kind of accommodations as rabbits,
ywo general methods of managing
them have been advocated—courts and
houses. ALso they require about the
same diet as rabbits. They eat fre
quently during the day, and should
have a constant supply of staple, dry
food. A pan of water, a piece of rock
salt and a pan of dry grain should be
constantly available.
The rearing of guinea pigs requires
no extraordinary knowledge and no
great outlay of capital ; little space is
needed to accommodate the animals,
which are hardy and easily managed,
They make interesting pets and satis
factory food animals. The constantly
increasing demand for them ln seien
tific Investigations and medical re
search Insures a ready market for rea
sonable numbers at prices that should
be remunerative to the producer.
Persons considering 1 the raising of
guinea pigs may find a detailed discus*
sloa of the subject in Farmers' Bulletin
525, "Raising Guinea Pigs," issued by
the United States department of ag
éMMNUI 11 * **** * * *****
éMMNUI 11 * **** * * *****
Guinea pigs breed at a very ;
early age, but their capacity for J
reproduction* has been greatly i
exaggerated and a mistaken no- J
tion has become fixed in the
minds of many people.
Ordinarily five litters may be
expected in a year, averaging
about three young each. The
first litter produced by a female \
usually consists of but one or j
two. Subsequent ones are com- ,
monly larger, but they rarely
number more than five or six. A
I female In her breeding prime
I may be expected .to raise about i
I 12 to 15 young each year.
lit l"l"WWWW»F
Animals as Harvest Hands.
Live stock, properly managed, will
help the overworked farmer to harvest
some of his crops profitably, thus sav
htg man labor during the busy season
In return, the care of the young stock
furnishes profitable employment for
the farmer and his hired help, If he
bas any, during the winter and early
spring, when work is slack. This not
only saves much man labor daring the
busy season, but equalizes the labor
throughout toe different seasons.
When sufficient farm labor Is not
available to harvest all the crops, live
stock offer a profitable method of t&k
log care of the surplus hay and grain
by pasturing them. The farm animals
not only harvest them cheaply, but
wbile doing so make profitable gains
and help to maintain soil fertility. In
stead of cutting the entire alfalfa, clo
ver or other hay crop, pasturing some
of it saves much labor.
The cash returns from the hay har
vested by the live stock are usually
fully equal to these received when the
hay is harvested by hand labor.
Waste or poor rye, wheat, oats and
barley may be hogged down to excel
lent advantage. Corn and mature soy
beans are harvested successfully by
hogs and sheep, and to some extent by
cattle. It is usually customary to fence
off pert of a cornfield by a movable
fence, and after one strip is cleaned up
to inclose another. Plenty of water
and a little salt are necessary for the
greatest improvement of live stock.
Boy beans planted with the corn and
rape sown at too last cultivation add
to the feeding vaine of the corn.
Proper Housing.
Proper housing is an Important fac
tor in the successful raising of hogs.
Too often this is neglected, when lit
tle expense and effort would be re
quired to provide good, serviceable
well-ventilated houses which give am
ple protection from cold and admit
Beverage Made in Peculiar Way
Pronounced Excellent.
Sweetened in Primitive Manner, tha
Refreshment Is Passed Around
Among Guests After Host Has
Partaken of It.
An American consular officer In
Scandinavia gives the recipe for mak
ing coffee among the Lapps, when
they are so fortunate as to have It
at all.
Dinner was eaten ont of doors, and
the one dish of the meal consisted of
roast lemmings, little creatures some
thing between a guinea pig and a
rat, and as tLe officer admits ex
quisitely peculiar" as to their flavor.
The party squatted in a ring about
the fire, watching the roasts, all ex
cept a wrinkled old woman, who as
an expert, was intent upon a more te
dious ceremony. Out of a skin knap
sack she had taken a small skin bag.
From this she extracted some 12 green
coffee beans, which she proceeded to
roast one by one In a small Iron
When they were cooked to her taste
she bruised them to coarse fragments
between stones and put the result
with water into a copper kettle, which
had one lid In the usual place and
another on the end of the spout to
keep out smoke and feathery wood
Then the whole mixture was boiled
up together Into a bubbling froth of
coffee fragments and coffee extract.
She cleaned It by an old trick which
is known to campers all the world
over. This was to throw Into the
kettle a small splash of cold water,
when the coffee grounds were prompt
ly precipitated to the bottom.
Then she poured the clear, brewn,
steaming liquor into a blackened
bowl of birch root and handed It to
the good man, her husband.
After he had taken the bowl in his
fingers the woman hunted in a leathern
knapsack and produced a lump of beet
sugar. The host bit a fragment from
It and lodged It In his teeth, then
he lifted the bowl to his lips and
drank. .. ,.
In a more civilized man this would
of course have been rudeness; in a
savage it was a simple act of courtesy.
It was a plain assurance that the bowl
contained no poison. Then he hand
ed it on for his guests to drink in
turn, and the American says that he
does not know that he ever tasted
better coffee.
Enormous Meat Consumption.
The Millennium Guild takes the
daily average of half a pound of meat
eaten by each. Individual of the United
States and fluus that in 50 years the
average meat eater consumes font
tons and a half, or, to pnt it In anoth
er way, this average person, at the
end of 50 years, has eaten enough
tons of meat to be the equivalent of
six beef cattle, 15 calves, 22 sheep,
40 lambs, 10 hogs, 100 turkeys, 200
chickens and ducks, 1 deer, besides
pigeons and small birds a goodly num
ber. What a slaughter house we have
made out of the world! Yet two
thirds of the population of the globe,
it is estimated, never eat meat. Among
these latter are millions of sturdy,
healthy tollers. We also know that
the horse, the ox, the elephant—
strongest of all animal workers—
build their strength on grasses and
Righteous Causes.
Mr. Blank, a prominent and wealthy
man, once took a foolish notion that
he wanted to be »id of his wife. After
a long, hard-fought legal battle, single*
handed, except for the slight help that
money and a battery of lawyers cad
give, he finally succeeded In obtaining
a divorce. He wouldn't even need td
pay alimony so great was his victory.
As a reprisal toe ex-wife brought
suit against tÿe man for $1,000,000,
Before her case came up one of her
lawyers remarked that because of thë
wealth of her former husband another
legal war would result
"Well," said toe former Mrs. Blank,
"you will have to admit that my cause,
according to the tradition of onr conn*
try, is as Just as his. He fought for lib*
erty and I am fighting for iadepend*
Lets to Bay.
Three of them had been in one lit
tle room for three days, an American,
a Frenchman and an Italian. Came
a Red Cross man on the afternoon of
the third day.
"Is there anything I cab do for
you?" he asked.
"Yes," replied the American, "yon
might get an interpreter. Tony and
Gaston and I have been trading to*
bacco and showing each other onr
girls' pictures and saying 'oui' and
*g(' and "yes' for three days now, and
we've got a lot to tell each other if
yon can get somebody to help ns
If Wife Knewl
A story of the recent attempt at a
strike in Great Britain: Coming out of
his engineering works, the head of a
firm saw one of bis men sitting by the
gate eating dinner.
"Hello, George, what are yon doing
here? I thought you were on strike."
"So I am, sir," replied George, "bni
I have to bring my dinner down hew
to eat it, just as if I was at work, and
mouch about all day, so as the missus
won't know I'm on strike. My word, il
toe knew I"—Christian Science Moni
Maj. Gen. John Biddle, commander
of all American troops in England, Is
one of the most modest and unpreten
tious persons Imaginable, and one of
the most popular officers in the army.
He is not only a loyal friend, a polished
gentleman and a good fellow in the
best sense of that term, but he Is noted
for his tact.
General Biddle when a boy spent
three years at the school in Geneva
(where French was everybody's lan
guage) and then was sent to the Uni
versity of Heidelberg. From Hei
delberg, at eighteen, he was brought
back to this country, and in 1877 en
tered the West Point Military
He was graduated second In his
class, and was appointed a second
lieutenant In 1881 and assigned to the
A few years ago he was appointed
- rÄiz? ££ rsToe™. „ - a
trian camps that our military observers assigned to the armies of the centra)
fn,pires" ere at length withdrawn. Colonel Biddle, on his return, was made
superintendent of the West Point academy.
superintendent of
William J. Flynn, for more than 20
years in the United States secret serv
ice until his retirement as its chief at
the beginning of tills year, has beeq
appointed by William G. McAdoo to be
head of the railroad administration
'detective force, having jurisdiction
over all the railroads In the nation.
Except for six months in 1910-1911,
when Mr. Flynn reorganized the de
tective bureau of the New York police
department with the rank of second
deputy police commissioner, his connec
tion with the secret service had been
continuous from 1897 until last Jan
uary. He was appointed chief of the
service in 1912, which position he re
signed because of friction between his
department and the department of Jus
Mr. Flynn has a reputation as a
detector of crime which is more spec
tacular and Involves more Important
work than that of any other detectivb
living, and his appointment as head of the merged railway detective aggies
assures competent protection of transportation at a time when all preclou
transportation records in this country are being dwarfed. . . t
Mr. Flynn's knowledge of Italian criminals and their methods brought
unusual protection to the reputable citizens of the Italian quarters and his
activities In that branch of the service led to the only Instance In the ann
of the New York department In which a kidnaped child was actually caught
In the possession of kidnapers. The case was that of the Longe and Rlzzio
boys, who were stolen from Brooklyn In 1910.
The arrival in this country not
long ago of Mrs. Adolphus Busch, the
multimillionaire widow of St. Louis
who had been living In Germany for
several years, brought to light an in
teresting situation which, so far as
there is any record, has never before
actually existed In history. Although
Mrs. Busch, whose husband was the
famous brewer, Adolphus Busch, and
who is herself the "Anheuser" of the
widely known "Anheuser-Busch," Is
really the richest widow in the world,
with more than $60,000,000 in money
and properties, yet her return to the
United States has revealed her as lit
erally a "woman without a country."
Technically^ Mrs. Busch is a citi
zen of the United States. But part of
her vast estate, though, Is In Germany.
She owns castles, villas, stocks and
bonds and even part of a great ammu
nition plant In Prussia. So, when the
United States declared war upon Ger- ___ .__..
many the Prussian government promptly declared Mrs. Busch, who was ir^
tag In the great Villa Lilly, near Berlin, an estate named after her and
presented her by her husband as a golden wedding gift, to be an alien enemy
of her husband's fatherland. All her fortune In Germany was seized by the
derm an government, which classed her as an American citizen.
Dr. Baltasar Brum, the Uruguayan
minister of foreign affairs, who headed
the Uruguayan special commercial mis
sion to this country—thus sufficiently
demonstrating his importance In the
public life of his own nation—waa
thirty-five years old on June 18. He is
at the present time a candidate for the
Uruguayan presidency. Few statesmen
of his age have gone as far.
He was bom in the department oi
Artigas, Uruguay, on the frontier of
Brazil. His father, a wealthy planter,
still occupies the homestead. The boy
received his education in the Polytech
nic institute of Salto and the Universi
ty of Montevideo, where he took the
degree of Doctor of Laws ta 1908.
While an undergraduate he was seo
retary of the committee which organ
ized the first congress of American
Upon his graduation he made at
extensive tour of Europe, and return
ing hung out his shingle ta Salto, where he at once became active and con
spicuous In local politics. In 1913 Doctor Brum, barely thirty, received a
cabinet portfolio, though he had to wait a little until his birthday, was passed
In order to qualify. He becabta minister of public instruction and Justice and
continued in that post until February, 1915. Since then he has been ministe!
of tae Interior, acting minister of* finance and minister of foreign affaira.
Marvelous Story of Woman'«
Change from Weakness
to Strength by Taking
Druggist's Advice.
Pern, Ind.—** I suffered from s dis*
placement with backache and dragging
down pains so
i badly that at times
!l could not be on
my feet and It did
not seem as though
«Cl could stand It I
tried different
medicines without
any benefit snd
.several doctors
told me nothing
but an operation
would do me any
good. My drug
gist told me of
Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable
Compound. I took
it with the result
that I am now well
, V - I and strong. I get
«pin toe morning atfouro'clock, do my
housework, then go to a factory and work
all day, come home end get supper ana
feel good. I don't know how many of
my mends I have told what Lydia E.
Pmkham's Vegetable Com pound has
done for me. ''—Mrs. ANNA Metebianq,
80 West 10th St., Peru, Ind.
Women who suffer from any such all*
ments should not fall to try tW«
toot and herb remedy, Lydia E. Pin»*
ham *« Vegetable Compound. __
Small PUl
Small Dom
Small Prie*
have stood the test of time.
Purely vegetable. Wonderfully
quick to banish biliousness,
headache, indigestion and to
fit», up a bad complexion.
Genuine been sisnetnre
Generally lndicste • leek
of boa In the Blood
Carter's Iron Pills
Will help this co n d iti on
Good ibr Malaria, constipation
biliousness —afine tonic.]
Guaranteed or monetj bock
ijoMT dtaltr -
Behrens Drug Co.,Waco,*ftx. j
The pecan is toe most valuable nut très
S own in America. If you are growing
em you know; if not, write for valuable
Information free. Pecans grow success-;
fully wherever cotton does welL
Cuticura Soap
For the Hands
Soap So., OtstaMBt B A 60e., Taleut 1
each mailad baa br "Owtioora, Dopt. B, Boatoa.'
Carlsted's Liver Powdei
For habitual constipation, biliousness, dyapep*
Sta, diatinoaa and kidacr and bladder trouble«.
Hundreds of testimonials from those whom we
hare helped. Two else*, SBo and 11.00. If youf
dealer hasn't it, order direct from ua. Ufa. by
■**■ HAMACAL CMP ART. ht, ■««■*■»» —R
W. N. U„ MEMPHIS. NO. 41-1918.
That Ocean Voyage.
Henry Olay Smith feels the same
way about that ocean voyage as a lot
ot toe rest of ns.
"When dis wah is ovah," he says,
"you'll never see me goln' back
across dat ocean. Ahm not goln' back
to de United States dat way. Ahm
going to return by de way of New Or
leans."—Paris Stars and Stripes.
If yon paid a Specialist $25.00 for
a Prescription, yon would not get any
thing that would give quicker relief
for Croup, Colds, Catarrh, or Sore
Throat, than Vacher-Balm, which only
coats 25c. Beware of Imitations.—Adv.
Seems So.
* "Yon can't fool all the people all tha
time." "Seems to last a long time la.
Germany, though."
Health may be wealth for some, bat
it Is poverty for the doctor.
When Your Eyes Need Cam

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