Military Training for Boys
Illinois Lads Who Go to Farms Next Year Will Be Uniformed
and Go Out as Companies.
An army of boys, as well disciplined for their work and as closely organ
ized as the United States army, is planned by the state branch of the United
Stttes Boys' Working Reserve for Illinois next year, to help raise the larges 4
crop the state has ever produced.
The organization, under the new plan, will begin this fall in the schools
and on the farms. Boys who will be fifteen years of ago by spring and below
drjft age are eligible to be enrolled in the reserve. They will then be uni
formed and given thorough training as part of the school course.
The boys will he organized into companies of 50, with each company in
ch»rge of an instructor. These companies will form divisions bearing the
oatie of the high school the members attend. Companies from smaller
schools will be grouped under a combination name. The school division will
have an executive head.
In addition to the classroom work and military drill, will he laboratory
Work und practical training in barns and machine shops. The companies
will he divided into squads of ten each, und will learn to groom, feed and
harness horses, and to operate machinery. Team owners and machinery
people will co-operate with the schools by allowing the boys to use their
The method of placing the boys in 1919 will be radically different from
methods used in the past. Boys will be sent out in companies. Each com
pany will have an instructor who will remain with It all summer. A heud
qua'ters will be established at some central point where the boys can gnther
evenings and Sundays, and will be a point of contact between the reserve,
the parents and the country director.
Rigid inspection of sanltnry arrangements of farms will he a part of the
duty of the Instructor in charge.
Farmers who make application for reserve volunteers will pay a fee of
$5, *hich will make a fund to defray expenses of the instructor and the
headquarters. Each county will estimate the number of boys needed, and
the «stimates will determine the number of companies to be assigned to the
Citizens Urged to Observe
Every patriotic citizen is expected
by the council of national defense,
Washington, to co-operate with the
merchants as follows:
1. Spread Christmas shopping over
♦he months of October, November and
December, Do not wait. Start now.
2. Shsp during the early hours of the
3. Buy useful gifts (this does not ap
ply to toys).
4. Send before December 5 all Christ
mas packages which must go by mall
5. Avoid giving bulky articles, If
they must be sent by mull, freight or
6. Carry home your purchases when
possible, and do not request special
The above rules must be carried out
so that man power will be released for
war work and transportation not con
These rules are the outcome of an
agreement between the merchants of
the («untry and the war industries
board. The commercial economy ad
ministration of the state council of de
fense Is charged with the duty of car
rying them out. The public must help,
so begin your Christmas shopping now,
and remember the rules.
2 Stray Shots. J
• _ •
• Ragtime music is apt to make •
J the most staid man step like a *
• strlnghalt horse. •
2 The Yank handles his gun as 2
• he does his money—puts it in for •
2 all it's worth. 2
• Maybe the kaiser Is slaughter- •
• lag his army upon the theory 2
• that, after this war, he will •
2 never need it any more. 2
• A great patriotic parade is but •
• the publicity of the abiding prin- •
2 ciple back of it. 2
Boston, Largest Capital;
Indianapolis Is Second
Among the forty-eight state capitals,
Boston is the largest, with a popula
tion of 670,585. Indianapolis ranks
second, with a population of 233,650.
The other capitals with more than 100,
000 population nre : Denver, 213,381 ;
Atlanta, 154,830 ; St Paul, 214,744 ; Al
bany, 100,253; Columbus, 181,511;
Providence, 224,326; Nashville, 110,
364; Richmond, 127,628. The capitals
with between 50,000 and 100,000 popu
lation ara Hartford, 98,915; Spring
field, 51,678 ; Des Moines, 86,368 ; Tren
ton, 96,816 ; Oklahoma City, 64,205 ;
Harrisburg, 64,186; Salt Lake City, 92,
777. These figures are all of the 1910
Spots on the Heads of Monks
Serve as Their Meal Ticket
The number of spots burned on n
Chinese monk's head shows how mach
he has elected to endure, says a recent
writer on the subject of China. They
receive as severe an initiation as they
desire, and get therefrom certain priv
ileges. If a monk has three spots he
can get three meals free at any mon
astery in Chinn ; six spots entitles him
to six meals ; nine spots to three days'
board, and the maximum of twelve, a
Acres Under Cultivation.
The last official figures, taken from
the year book of the department of
agriculture, show that in 1916, out of
■ total productive area of 878,789.000
aw«, 293,794,000 acres, or 15.4 per
Cent, was under cultivation. i
First Automobile Patent
Taken Out in France Fifty
Years Ago by Pierre Ravel
The first automobile patent was
taken out in France 50 years ago by
Pierre Joseph Ravel, says New York
World. His patent covered "a steam
generator heated by mineral oils, to
he applied to steam locomotion on or
dinary roads." Ravel constructed a
small Tilbury and fitted it with his new
engine, which developed three horse
power. Ravel seemed on the verge of
success, when the Franco-Prusslan war
began and upset all his pluns for the
time. Later he built several motor
cars in which petroleum was used for
the direct generation of motive power
by burning it under special conditions
in connection with certain quantities of
air. Later George B. Seiden, In Ameri
ca and Johannes Spiel, in Germany,
simultaneously carried on experiments
that eventually resulted in the auto
mobile of today. To Seiden, however,
belongs the credit of applying gasoline
to motorcars, as the plans of the Ger
man contemplated the use of kero
sene to supply power.
2 THE STAY-AT-HOMES 2
The Kiris they left behind them do not alt
With idle hands and gileve the hours
Nor seek forgetfulness In chattering
But, capable and strong and keen of wit.
They learn to plow and cook and nurse
Keep books and bees; and fearless, brave
Defend their men from worry and dis
With eager, blithe, undaunted woman's
Mother and sweetheart, sister, daughter,
Banded together by a sacred trust.
And working with one leal, accordant
To serve with all their zest of love and
Those whose victorious strength and ar
Depend upon the girls they left be
—Charlotte Becker In Life.
Soldiers of the Air Who
Have Given Up Their Lives.
The first man to lose his life in an
airplane accident was Lieut. Thomas
L. Selfridge of the United Stales sig
nal corps, who was killed in Septem
her, 1908, while flying as a passenger
with Orville Wright at Fort Myer, Va.
The next fatal airplane accident oc
curred nearly a year later in France,
when Eugene Lefebvre was enrolled
as one of the martyrs to the conquest
of the nlr. Since the outbreak of the
war, of course, brave flyers without
number have given their lives to their
respective countries, and a list of them
would fill pages. The first and per
haps the only woman killed in an air
plane accident was Mme. D. Mooro,
who lost her life at Etampes, France,
Canada's Net Losses in War
Total 115,806 to August 1.
The net losses In the overseas mili
tary forces of Canada In England and
France np to August 1 were 115,806
officers, noncommissioned officers and
men. These figures include those
killed in action or died of wounds,
died, missing, prisoners of war, dis
charged as medically unfit, discharged
to take np other lines of war work,
and those noncommissioned officers
and men given commissions in the Im
perial army. It does not take into ac
count officers and other ranks wound
ed in action who have rejoined their
units or are still fit for service over
Largest Jib Crane.
A locomotive jib crane capable of
handling 56 ton loads at a radius of I
87 feet, which has been built for use '
at the Panama canal, is believed to
be the largest machine of the kind in
the world. i
No More Kisses for Yanks;
French Now Shake Hands in
Conferring Croix de Guerre.
Diplomats among the murines in
France have eliminated one of the hor
rors of being a hero, the Washington
Times states. The announcement was
casually made in a report from murine
corps headquarters, describing die
winning and award of 13 French war
crosses to members of the American
legion, known to the Germans as devil
dogs. To he blunt about it, the news
is this: "No longer do French officers
kiss on each cheek an American who
lias won the croix de guerre. Instead
the officer conferring the honor pins
the bronze decoration to tin* left breast
pocket of the hero and then shakes his
As yet the official files of the marine
corps have not disclosed the name of
the diplomat who brought about the
change In French tactics in dealing
with American heroes. It is under
stood, however, that he is an officer of
no mean rank, who lately returned to
the United States.
According to the information at
hand, the first occasion upon which
tlie French adopted the hand-shaking
tactics of the American as an expres
sion of esteem was in May, just a few
weeks after a company of marines
sent in to relieve n detachment of their
pals had driven oil' a storm'battalion
of Germans who lutd tried to stampede
The men were ordered to a section
of woodland to receive their hard-won
war crosses. A blare of trumpets
greeted them. Then, after a few words
of commendation, flip French officers
approached the Americans and pinned
the medals. Some of the young heroes
were ready to turn the other cheek,
but to their surprise they found them
selves being shaken warmly by tho
It was no surprise when the Ameri
cans at the end of the ceremony gave
a cheer, and a strong, lusty one, too.
Thousands of Girls Cut Off
Long Hair and Contribute It
to Country for War Purposes
As proof of the sacrifices women are
willing to make when their sentiments
or emotions are aroused, it is related
that thousands of girls, both In Ger
many and France, cut off their long
hair and contributed It to their coun
try for war purposes, says the Peo
ple's Home Journal. The instance is
not the first of its kind recorded !n
An interesting example of similar
devotion comes from northern Japan
where a great temple was in progress
of erection. Immense timbers were
being hauled from the mountains to ho
placed in the building, and the work
was delayed by the frequent breaking
of the ropes. At length an edict was
issued calling on the women to givo
their long hair which could be woven
into ropes of sufficient strength for tho
So generous was the response to tha
edict that two ropes were woven, one,
it is claimed, was 17 Inches in circum
ference and 1,400 feet long; the other
10 Inches around and 2,000 feet long,
With these ropes the timbers were
dragged to the temple site without
I FOR A LAUGH :
Too Many Reminders.
Newrlch—Young man, I had to
work hard for my money.
Son—Well, dad, enough people in
our set are throwing that up to me
without your talking about it.
hensive of air
raids) — Hark 1
What's that noise)
P-ii'-y — W h y
silly, that's only
the ringing in my
The Timid Teacher.
"I'm glad I can go hack to school."
"Fine. What an ambitious little hoy
you are, to be sure."
"That ain't it. The teacher in school
is afraid to lick me, but ma isn't."
"If you try to
take away a fat
bone from a hun
gry bulldog, what
"How's things in your suburb? Any
"Plenty of It Municipal bns meets
Process of Obscuration.
"That man says he wonts an in
'I don't blame him," replied Senator
Sorghum. "Sometimes the best way to
cause people to forget all about you
is to be investigated."
"The advance man of 'Flddle-de-TVe,*
the big musical comedy booked here
next month, says there's a SlOOoOO
beauty in the company."
"What did he mean by that?"
"He was referring to the prima
donna. Her latest breach of promise
«nit netted her a sum in the neighbor*
hood of $100,000."
HOW A PAUPER
General Terrazas Once Owned
2CO.OOO Herd and Million
Acres in Mexico.
STRIPPED OF WEALTH
Now He Lives Quietly in El Paso, Tex„
Planning Recovery of Estate
Sought Refuge From
El Paso, Tex.—Each evening at sun
set tin old man with silver white lndr
und a snowy heard may he seen walk
ing around the plaza taking his daily
exercise with his two bodyguards.
He is Gen. Luts Terrazas, octoge
narian exile from Mexico, who lost vir
tually all his great fortune In the
revolution of Mailero and Villa and
now Is forced by political conditions
in the country to live on tin* border.
When tin* Madero revolution started
in 1911 "Don Louis" was known as tin*
cattle king of Mexico. His herds num
bered more than 200,000 head and
grazed on a thousand hills and plains
of northern Mexico. His estates
stretched from the Rio Grande to Chi
huahua City and he could ride for 24 \
hours by train over his own acres, j
which then numbered more than a ;
Big Business Interests.
From his offices in the state capital j
General Terrazas governed this vast j
cattle empire, conducted a hank and !
many other industries connected with
his cattle business. He and his largo
family lived la luxury in the marldo I
palace on the Alanmda or at Quinta .
Carolina, his summer home on the
plains. Train after train of cattle ar
rived ut the border from the Terrazas
His annual export averaged 25,000
head, and the "T-Running-S" brand
was as well known ut the Chicago.
______ .____ Z _' "
Was Forced to Flee From Mexico.
Kansas City and Fort Worth slock
yards as it was in Mexico. The Ter
razas holdings were estimated to he
worth $5,(XX),000 (gold) hut were not
for sale at any price.
Now General Terrazas and his fnm*
Ily live In a rented house on Golden
Hill. He rides to his office in art old
automobile and buys his groceries from
a cash-and-carry store.
The revolutionists under Modern,
Orozco and other leaders killed the
Terrazas cattle for food, burned his
ranch buildings nnd looted his stores
and warehouses. Then Francisco Villa,
acting as commander In the north for
General Carranza, Issued a decree con
fiscating all of the Terrazas holdings,
including the herds, lands and personal
property. General Terrazas was forced
to flee from Mexico before Villa's ad
vance on Chihuahua City from Juarez.
He made the long trek to the border
at OJinaga with the fleeing federal col
umn. He never returned to Mexico.
July 22 last General Terrazas cele
brated his eighty-ninth birthday an
niversary, surrounded by his ten sons,
seventy-five grandchildren and many
more relatives. He maintains an office
downtown, where he attends to his pri
vate business dally and keeps In close
touch with cattle and market condi
It Is h!s dream to he permitted to
return to his native land with suffi
cient guarantees to allow him to begin
aver again to re-establish the Terrazas
Goes Calling; Meets Burglar.
Cleveland.—Dudley Field went over
to see his unde. C. W. Field, on a re
cent evening. He arrived after dark
and when no one answered the bell
he tried the door and found it un
locked. Thinking to find someone
within, he walked In and found some
one. A real, live burglar had got there
Erst nnd when he finished beating and
kicking Field into unconsciousness he
gagged him, took his money and got
♦way. Some time Liter members of the
Zanily returned and released him.
tIEED MORE DAIRY PRODUCTS
Supply Should Be Maintained to Help
Supply Increasing Demands of
(Prepared by the United State« De
partment of Agriculture.)
The supply of dairy products
should he maintained to meet
the needs of this country and to
help supply the Increasing de
mands of the (titles.
In making this recommendation In
Jts supplementary production program,
flic United States department of agri
culture points oat that dairy products
are essential to the well-being of the
nation anti that tin* dairy cow produces
more food on less feed than any other
of our domestic animals.
Before the war the United States re
ceived dairy products from about twen
ty foreign countries; now these sup
plies bave been largely stopped ami It
has become necessary not only to re
place them at once-hut also to export
large quantities. In 1914, for instance,
we imported approximately (54,(MIO,(XMI
pounds more of dairy products than
we exported, not ipelmling fresh milk
anti cream. In 1917 we exported
Splendid Type of Dairy Cow.
320,000,000 pounds more than we in*
The total amount of milk produced
In tills country In 1917 Is estimated to
be K4,011,350,000 pounds. Large losses
occur and the greatest is through tho
failure fully to utilize skimmed milk
and buttermilk for human food. These
produets have all of the food valuo
of whole milk except the fat. A given
quantity of them would produce seven
times as much food value In tin* form
of cottage cheese as they would pro
duce In the form of meat If fed to live
stock. The possibilities of Increasing
th<* supply of food by the fuller utili
zation of these by-products are enor
mous. In brief, there should be a bet
ter utilization of skimmed milk and
buttermilk, both as food on the farm
and through the market.
Better results In dairying may he
secured by proper sanitation and care
In producing and handling milk; by
better enre and utilization of pastures;
by raising on the farm adequate sup
plies of roughage, particularly legume*
and silage, to take the place of grains
so far as Is practicable; by preserving
for dairy purposes all the high produc
ing animals and jpltminafing those that
are Inefficient; by feeding according
to production so as to secure the
greatest yield of milk with the least
quantity of feed, which necessitates
a record of produrtlon of individual
cows; by the full utilization in the
community of good hulls throughout
(he entire period of their usefulness
nnd t.o their full capacity, and by tho
prompt control of disease.
DAIRY COW IS ECONOMICAL
Animal Will Convert Hay, Grass and
Cornstalks Into Milk In Cheap
est Manner Possible.
Two facts stand out prominently a*
reasons for the Increased production
nnd use of milk. The first is that milk
ns purchased on the market usually
aupplies food material together with
the growth-producing elements more
economically than either meat or
eggs. The second reason is that the
dairy cow is the most economical pro
ducer of animal food. One great law
of food conservation Is to turn in
edible feeds Into edible foods In tha
cheapest possible manner. The dairy
cow will utilize coarse materials, In
edible to humans—such as grass,
cornstalks and hay—and will turn
them Into milk. Other farm animal*
also are converters of coarse roughage
Into edible foods, but are not so effi
cient as the dairy cow.
GET PROFIT FROM DAIRYING
Breeding Furnishes Most Economical
Way to Obtain Large Producers
—Use Beat Heifers.
(Prepared by the United States Départe
ment of Agriculture )
In dairying large production and
profit go hand In band. Breeding fur
nishes the most economical way to ob
tain large-producing cows. The pure
bred bull, with generations of high
producing ancestors hack of him, must
be used for breeding, and only tne best
heifers from the best cows should I*,
choseri to be the dams of the next gen
A CROSS, FEVERISH
CHILD IS BILIOUS
LOOK, T'OTHER! SEE IF TONGUE
IS COATED. BREATH HOT OR
"CALIFORNIA SYRUP OF FIGS'
CAN'T HARM TENDER STOM
ACH, LIVER, BOWELS.
Every mother realizes, after giving
her children "California Syrup of
Figs," that this I» their ideal laxative,
because they love ils pleasant taste
and it thoroughly cleanses tie* (entier
little stoimieh, li vor and bowels with
When cross, Irritable, feverish, or
breath Is bad, sterna, b sour, look at
the tongue. Mother! If routed, give
a tenspoonful of this harmless "fruit
laxative," and In a few hours all tha
foul, constipated waste, sour bib* nnd
undigested food par, ses out of the bow
els, and you have a well, playful child
again. When the little system Is full of
cold, throat sore, has stomach-ache, dl
arrh«*n. Indigestion, colic—remember,
a good "Inside cleansing" should ab
ways he tho first treatment given.
Millions of mothers keep "California
Syrup of Figs" handy; they know n
tenspoonful today saves a sick child
to-morrow. Ask your druggist for a
bottle of "Cnllfornln Syrup of Figs,"
which has directions for babies, chil
dren of all ages nnd grown-ups printed
on the bottle. Beware of eounterfelt*
sold here, so don't be fooled. Get tho
genuine, made by "California Fig
The Chief Interest.
At an official reception a congress
man talked la a windy nnd grandilo
quent way about our war aims, ap
pealing every minute or two to Sec
retary 1 taker.
Secretary Baker nodded good-hu
inoredly until the sixth or seventh ap
peal, when In* lost patience.
"Congressman," lie said, "it's not our
aims that interest no*. It's our flits."
Get New Kidneys!
The kidneys are the most overworked
oigiinK of the human body, and when they
fad in their work of filtering out nnd
throwing off the poisons developed ia the
system, things liegir to happen.
One of the first warnings m nain or stiff
net?« in the lower part of the bark; highly
colored urine; loss of appetite, indiges
tion; irritation, or even stone in the blad
der. These symptom« indicate a condition
that may lend to that dreaded and fatal
malady, Bright's disease, for winch there
is said to be no cure.
Do not delay a minute. At the first in
dication of trouble in the kidney, liver,
bladder or urinary organs start taking
Gold Medal Haarlem Oil Capsules, and
save yourself before it is too late. Instant
treatment is necessary in kidney and blad
der trouides. A delay is often fatal.
You can almost certainly find immediate
rele f in Gold Medal Haarlem Oil Capsules,
For more than 20*1 years tins famous prep
aration has been an unfailing remedy for
all kidney, bladder and urinary troubles.
It. is the pure, original Haarlem Oil your
great, grandmother ti —I. About two cap
rules each day will keep v< u toned up nod
feeling fine. Get it at any drug store, ana
if it. does not give you almost immédiat*
relief, your money will is- refunded He
sure you get the GOLD ML DAL brnrid.
Lone other genuine. In boxes, thine
Always Something Doing.
Willis—flow do you lik<* tinny life
Quite u number of new turns for
fellow to get used to, I suppose.
GIIIIs—You bet. At night you tu
In, nnrl Just ns you nre about to tu
over somebody turns up and sn
"Cold In the Head"
la an acute attack of Nasal (,'utarrh.
sons who are sold«' t to frequent "c
In the hsad" will find that the ill
HAUL'S CATARRH MEDICINE
build up the System, cleans* the B
and render them less liable to c<
Repeated attacks of Acute Catarrh
teed to Chronic Cntarrh. _
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE 1
en Internally and acts through Die
on the Mucous H u faces of the Byst
Alt Dru priât s 7.V Testimonials fr
110« 00 for any case of catarrh
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE wl
F. 3 . Cheney A Co . Toledo. Ohio.
"My doctor warns me not to
"Any objection to that?"
"No. (tri I y I could have gott
acme advice from Mr. Ifoov
Boothe Baby Rashes
That Itch nnd burn with hot b
Cuticura Son p followed by
anointings of Cuticura (
Nothing better. For fr'-e snrn
dress, "Cuticura. Itept. X,
Bold by druggists and by mnl
25, Ointment 25 and 50.—Ad
Unemployment In HcoMnnd
appeared, due to the demand
Wten Your Eyes Nee
Try Murine Eye Re
f '• HtriaMag J Kye xr.fr
I- lï-ea r,r <rv V 1 - , y
HlUlSiJ, f.VK RRMEDÏ c>,t
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