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The St. Charles herald. [volume] (Hahnville, La.) 1873-1993, August 16, 1919, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034322/1919-08-16/ed-1/seq-2/

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Wanted in Montana:
blic Health Nurse
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F you want to see a dug
out, don't go to France, go
to Montana.
tor, but
Another husband left at noon to get
F you want to see a dug
out, don't go to France, go
to Montana.
Scores of Montana fam
ilies, father, mother, and
sometimes wee babies, live
in dugouts very similar to
those which sheltered our soldiers in
,the thick of the fighting in France.
And the life of these families here in
America, especially of mothers and
'children, is almost as difficult and
dangerous as that of the soldier boys.
1 These facts and stories of the life
of these present-day pioneers out
'West, have Just been made public by
( the children's bureau. Homes seventy
Ho one hundred miles from a railroad,
without telephonos, where trails are dif
ficult and good roads almost unknown,
are described in the report, which tells
of the mothers and babies who suffer
unnecessarily and sometimes die be
cause the nearest doctor may be fifty
'or more miles away and there is no
^public health nurse.
Many things are needed to bring
<comfort and even safety to these fam
ilies. The first of these, according to
the children's bureau, is the public
^health nurse. And the people of the
'county studied agree with this recom
mendation. Since the visit of the
events of the children's bureau they
-jhave sent this petition to their board
•of county commissioners :
j "We earnestly petition the board
.that they appoint a county nurse whose
services shall be given to the western
jhalf of-county. The legislature of
*1917, by the enactment of the child
welfare law, empowered you to make
'this appointment Because of the war,
physicians were called to the service
I of their country and large sections of
,the county are left without medical at
tention, which will render the services
.of a nurse more necessary than be
fore in giving heulth supervision to
school children, and protecting the
health of the community from infec
tious diseases."
With such a nurse, who could make
'her rounds by automobile, the lives of
the people of the district would be
'much safer.
I Isolated Homes in Montana.
' So isolated are many of the settlers
.at present that Illness and even death
jmay find them alone and without the
possibility of seeming help. Especial
ly dangerous is the occupation of moth
|er out in this pioneer country. At
present, because of the had roads and
(great distances and also because of the
(expense, mother after mother has no
(doctor and no nurse at the time when
,11er babies are born. She goes through
jher fight for life—a fight as big and as
'important as that of a soldier on the
I battlefield—in the crude surroundings
.of her dugout of mud and wood, or her
("tarpaper" shack, sod or gumbo-clay
[house, without help or only with the
(help of an untrained member of the
[family or of a neighbor,
y For a doctor Is a luxury to the pi
C iers of Montana and almost imposai
to get In all the district of 5,500
1 square miles studied by the bureau
{there was nöt a single hospital, only
ithree registered physicians, and not
'one public health or ''traveling" nurse.
I "My husband rode horseback 12
'alles In a bad snowstorm for the doc
I the seventeenth and eighteenth
arias there was a profound belief
powdered mummies a* internal
I English automobile signal that
lays the word "slow" or "stop" be
a rear light Is automatically oper
T)y the clutch pedal,
r years regarded as valueless, huge
of refusa around Scotch Iron and
mines are being utilized for the
> ef bricks.
Another husband left at noon to get
a physician, but was lost in a storm
and did not get back until six o'clock
the next morning.
Mail Is no more certain than the
roads or the weather. One mother
wrote three months in advance to en
gage a physician who did not receive
her letter until a week after the baby
was born. Mall In this region is de
livered to a few central post offices
only two or three times a week, and
then It is often delayed for weeks or
months. It Is a common complaint
that winter underwear ordered in the
fall doesn't arrive till spring.
As might be expected from this lack
of health protection for her mothers,
Montana has a bad list of casualties.
More mothers in proportion to the en
tire number of women die in Montana
than in any other state In the Union.
Children are less safe, too, in this
part of Montana than In other western
"Winter weather," said one mother
who lived 45 miles from a doctor,
"makes us prisoners. I can't tell you
bow I am worrying about the winter,
for If my baby should get sick I'd be
Another mother bad to take a child
who had appendicitis more thao 125
miles to the nearest hospital for an
One five-day-old baby became ill at
a time when the big dry creek bad
overflowed its banks and there was no
way to cross It. Therefore, no phy
sician could be sent for.
In another case, the nearest phy
sician, who lives eight miles from the
family, was away when its eighteen
day-old baby fell 111, and when the next
doctor, who lived 25 miles away, was
sent for he did not arrive until after
the baby's death.
Cases of accident which might be
easily treated in a city or in a country
district which had adequate health fa
cilities, are difficult to care for in a
community without such safeguards.
In this district, for instance, a pin
lodged in a child's throat, and the
child had to be taken 125 miles to have
it removed.
Need of Trained Nurses.
A public health nurse, with an auto
mobile, could do much for the protec
tion both of children and mothers,
mainly through educating them In car
ing for themselves and their children.
In cases of illness, too, she could help
the overworked physician, staying with
the invalid longer than he could and
supplying that expert nursing care so
important in curing Illness.
The story of how one country com
munity organized to protect itself
against disease, and to guard the
health of its members Is described by
a secretary of the national organiza
tion for public health nursing. In
this community, in southwestern Iowa,
a number of counties banded together
to supply a modern hospital training
school for nurses, but they also pro
vided for health supervision of chil
dren in all the county schools, free
dispensaries for school children; fee
tuberculosis ; child welfare stations,
and health and social service centers
under trained public health
A co-operative factory for milk prod
ucts is to be established at Diemen,
near Amsterdam, by an organisation
of 27 dairymen. In that vlciB/*y 30,000
quarts of milk are delivered so
that the supply for the new dairy'
apparently be abundant.
The Italian minister of agriculture
has just appointed a commission which
will conduct an exhaustive investiga
tion with a view to determining wheth
er or not radioactive substances exist
in Italy in sufficient quantities to be of
practical use.
ar/.y' aszyr/s/GJs me ooaæ*
Organizations, including churches,
granges, lodges, etc., Joined this health
service by paying a small fee and their
members are thereupon cared for by
tho hospital medical staff free, in ad
dition to the other care which they
get through the dispensaries. Th'
service is managed by a board co
sisting of representatives of these v
I rious organizations.
Even in states where such a com
plete health organization is not pos
sible, at least rural public health nur»
ing may be begun, and the national
organization for public health nursing
is urging country communities to un
dertake this work. Ia a number of
states, legislation has already been
passed allowing county officials to em
ploy public health nurses for the bene
fit of the people. If there is no legis
lation of this kind, a group of farm
men and women can at least raise
funds among themselves for such a
nurse. Her salary will be saved in the
disease which she prevents. The suf
fering which she helps assuage is b»
yond estimation.
The national organization, whose of
fices are at 156 Fifth avenue. New
Tork, Is helping farm communities to
make surveys of what publie health
nursing they need, and to secure nurse»
after funds have been raised.
Miss Ella Phillips Crandall, has serv
ed as the executive secretary of the
national organization for public health
nursing since its formation in Chicago
in 1912.
During the war Miss Crandall, loan
ed by the national organization, acted
as the executive secretary of the nurs
ing committees of the council of na
tional defense. She has now returned
to her work in New York, and is di
recting the campaign to raise a large
scholarship fund to enable nurses re
turning from war work to take courses
in public health nursing and enter at
once this new field of service. Miss
Crandall was at one time on the staff
of teachers' college of Columbia uni
versity, and is still special lecturer in
the department of nursing and health.
The national organization for public
health nursing was formed for the
purpose of standardizing public health
wotk, providing courses for the train
ing of public health nurses, and serv
ing as a central bureau of advice and
Public health nursing, according to
Miss Crandall, has been given a great
Impetus by the war. "The public
health nurse stands /Or the socializa
tion and equal distribution according
to need of nursing care," Miss Crandall
says, "and is therfoffc in direct line
with the democratic ideals of war and
Pretty «ose.
Patience—You kn^w he Just cried
for Joy. Why, the tftirs were running
down his cheeks and down mine, too.
Patrice—Well, all I have to say la
you must have bee» pretty close to
him to have his tea's run down yout
cheeks.—Yonkers Statesman.
With the advent of the Egyptian
Pharaohs much thought and cara was
given to the perfecting and develop*
ment of the chariot, and for more than
2,000 years it was the leading vehicle
of the world.
Yier 86, North river, built by th»
t.iy of New-York at a cost of more
than 84,000,000, and taken over by th»
government last year. Is one of the
most perfectly equipped steamshlf
piers In the world. Its upper deck If
used as a sub-post office, devoted chief
iy to handling soldiers' m«tt .
Jean Dickermau pressed her pretty
pink chin deep into the palm of her
hand, ns she watched the small white
snowflakes whirl around, then laud in
little piles outside the window.
"How I hate this oid, lonely farm
house with its rickety old roof," and
Jean shivered as the low moan of the
wind broke the stillness.
"Just because Tom's father left him
this old rattle-trap is no reason why 1
should spend my life here."
Living in the old, lonely farmhouse
had been the bone of contention be
tween Jean and Torn ever since he had
brought lier there a bride one year be
fore and while Tom could see nothing
but beauty in the place that had al
ways been home to him, Jean's heart
ached for a cozy little apartment in
the city.
The sound of heavy footsteps told
Jean her big, good-natured husband
was approaching, and she realized it
was supper time. Leaving the win
dow, Jean started for the kitchen to
be greeted by her husband with the
words: "Well, girlie, I guess we are
in for a big snowstorm." Jean did not
reply, but prepared the supper in
gloomy silence.
After the supper dishes were
washed and put away Tom put 6ome
logs In the fireplace and drawing an
armchair close to the fire he gently
pushed Jean into It, and seating him
self on the arm they watched the
burning logs In silence. Suddenly
Jean spoke: "I think I will run up to
the city tomorrow, Tom, and see
mother for a few weeks. It doesn't
seem as though I could stand this
place any longer." "All right, Jeanie;
perhaps the change will do you good,"
Tom said good-naturedly. But as the
light from the crackling logs fell upon
his face Jean could not help but see
the pained expression. Nevertheless
she had made up her mind to go and
nothing could stop her. She just
longed for the noise and excitement of
the city; and the next morning, al
though It snowed hard, found her on
her way.
The train was four hours late, and
when Jean arrived at her mother's
cozy four-room apartment she was
tired and cross. Somehow her
thoughts kept turning back to Tom as
she saw him last, standing by the win
dow, smiling and waving until she was
out of sight.
The evening hours dragged slowly
by, and as the steam pipes sizzled
Jean found herself comparing the
hissing uoise to the soft crackling of
the logs at home.
At ten o'clock she went to her old
room, and after she had prepared to
retire, turned off her light, and raising
the curtain she gazed, as she had the
night before, at the white flakes pil
ing up on the roofs beyond, and as
she watched she pictured Tom, sitting
by the log fire. The wind blew the
wet flakes against ber window and
Jean hated the sound. She looked at
the clock on the tower across the way.
It was now 11:30. Just ten hours be
fore the next train home ! Home, how
strangely sweet the word sounded.
Then an awful fear seized Jean. What
If the snow continued and the trains
would be unable to run? Her fears
were realized, for when she awoke the
next morning the snow was still com
ing steadily down. Mother and father
pleaded with her to stay, but nine
o'clock found her on her way to the
The train was stalled for hours at
different places, and It was not until
nine o'clock that night that Jean
reached the little country station, and
as no carryall put in Its appearance
she started afoot to the farmhouse.
The big drifts in places were nearly
to her waist, and if it were not for
the bright light in the low farmhouse
window ahead Jean would have lost
her courage.
At last, cold and wet, she crept soft
ly up the steps, then quietly opened
the door. Tip-toeing softly, she made
her way to the sitting room and up to
the old armchair, and by the light of
the dying Are she could see that Tom
had fallen asleep. Pushing back his
ruffled hair from his forehead, she
pressed her cold cheek against his
warm one.
With a start Tom awoke, exclaim
ing, happily: "Why, girlie, what does
this, mean?" Then Jean explained
how unhappy she had been the night
before. "If I had been obliged to walk
»II the way from mother's, Tom, I
would have come Just the same," and
•s the wind moaned again through the
chimney, Jean nestled closer and
whispered: "That's music, dear, com
pared with the hissing of steam pipes,"
and the dying light from the logs fell
apon a contented couple.
(Copyright, 191». by the McClure News
paper Syndicate.) '
His Great Idea.
"No," said the rich girl, "I would
always be afraid yon bad married me
for my money."
"That difficulty could easily be re
moved." he replied.
"Why, if you should give me your
money first, there could be no possi
bility that I married you for It. and
yet it would not be iqgt to ns."
For a moment she seemed convinced.
Then a shade of doubt again clouded
her beautiful face.
"It won't do," she said. "In that case
I would always be afraid I had mar
ried you for your money."—Boston
I think that I shall never see
A poem lovely as a tree.
A tree whose hungry mouth is prest
Against the earth's sweet flowing
A tree that looks at God all day
And lifts her leafy arms to pray;
A tree that may in summer wear
A nest of robins in her hair;
Upon whose bosom snow has lain.
Who Intimately lives with rain.
Poems are made by fools like me,
But only God can make a tree.
—Joyce Kilmer.
Few families are so fortunate as
to escape illness during some time
of their history. Good
feeding is an important
factor in maintaining
health, but in spite of
good food a sudden chill
or strain of overwork or
worry will overwhelm
even a strong and
healthy body.
Since all food must be
reduced to fluid form
before It can be digested and assim
ilated, that seems to be the best form
to serve It to those who are ill. This
diet includes broths and clear soups
of various kinds, beef Juice and beef
ten, cereals, gruels, milk plain or mod
ified to make It more digestible, nu
tritious or more agreeable to the pa
tient, raw eggs in combination with
water, milk, fruit juices or cocoa aud
creaui soups of various kinds.
Broths, clear soups and beef tea
have little nourishment, but stimulate
the appetite, are refreshing when cold
or soothing when hot; they also stim
ulate the flow of gastric juice. By
adding eggs, milk or the thickening
of cereal flour like barley or rice,
they may be quite nutritive^
Cereal gruels are neither stimulat
ing nor irritating and are most useful
when the appetite is poor and diges
tion weak, as they are quickly di
gested and absorbed.
Like broths, gruels may be enriched
by eggs, cream and milk, for one could
not drink enough to keep up the body
energy without the addition of some
more nutritive food.
Milk is one of the most valuable
foods for sick people and fortunately
most patients like it. It has been call
ed the perfect food. Its value may
be increased by changing its flavor,
adding yeast to It making a drink
called koumiss and by adding Jun
ket or rennin to partly digest it mak
ing it more palatable and adding
The world would be more happy and
the mass of people in It Just as wise,
if they would whistle more and argue
A delicious and well-prepared des
sert will often help us to forget that
the preceding dishes
were not all that we de
sired. At tills season of
the year frozen desserts
and light, easily digested
dishes are more suitable.
During the hot weather
we need refreshing com
binations rather - than
the nourishing; however,
one may have both in a
dish of ice cream. A most satisfac
tory sherbet, which Is both delicious
and economical, is
Velvet Sherbet.—Take the juice of
three lemons, two cupfuls of sugar aud
a quart of good milk, the richer the
better, though ordinary milk will be
satisfactory. Freeze aud serve in
sherbet cups.
Orange and Lemon Sherbet—Take
the juice of two oranges, two lemons
and two cupfuls of sugar and a quart
of thin cream; freeze as usual.
Dainty Deaaert—Take a pound of
marshmallows and a cup of pecans cut
fine; cut the mallows into quarters
and add enough whipped cream to
blend and hold them together. Into n
large-topped sherbet glass put a table
spoonful of any canned fruit juice,
fill with the whip and serve with a
cherry as a garnish.
Duchess Cream. —Take six table
spoonfuls of tapioca ; cook until clear ;
cool, add a pinch of salt, one cupful
of sugar, the Juice from a can of pine
apple, the juice of two oranges and
two lemons; cook until thick. Cool,
then add the pineapple, one cupful of
nuts and a pint of whipping cream.
This makes enough to serve 15, so that
the recipe may be cut Id half for an
ordinary family.
Chocolate Pudding.—Take one egg
and when well beaten add one-half
cupful of sugar, one cupful of milk,
two squares of chocolate melted, oue
and one-half capfuls of flour sifted
with three teaspoonfuis of baking pow
der. Steam one and one-half hours
and serve with
Foamy 8auce.—Beat one egg, add
one cupful of powdered sugar mixed
with two tabiespoonfuls of softened
butter, a pinch of salt and a little
flavoring; then fold in one cupful of
whipped cream.
Grapenuts Pudding.—Prepare one
package of lemon Jelly as usual, then
add one capful of steamed raisins, one
half cupful of sugar and one cupful
of grapenuts. six walnut meats cut
fine, all well mixed. Put into a mold
and serve with whipped cream.
To hear the call of thrushes sonie late
green plush afternoon.
When broken, fading shafts of I'.ght
go groping for the one last sight
of songsters in the gloom.
To swing along the rugged trail that
spruce and hemlocks climb,
'Till on the hill's high top you come
to stand exalted in the sua! Ah,
this is summer time.
—Beulah Rector.
To the artist cook who really en
joys mixing ingredients, ns a painter
does his colors,
there is no limit
to the tasty, de
lightful dishes
which one may
originate or en
large upon, with
the materials at
hand. Take for
instance a steamed plum pudding. A
piece of corn bread, a half a cupful
of cooked oatmeal, a few bread
crumbs, a cupful of left-over cocoa
and a few raisins with two egg yolkg
left from a frosting or dessert will
make a most tasty pudding. After
some experience in handling foods on«
may concoct toothsome dishes of bits
of left-overs. It is not always wise tc
tell all one knows as to a dish, for
some conscientious objectors will re*
fuse to even try a made-over or re-ar
ranged food.
Savory salads which have some elu
sive aroma and seasoning which add«
to their charm and is hard to deter
mine, makes such a dish "ilunethlng
different." One must follow a few
fundamental principles in cookery, and
after that let the imagination soar.
The cook who wastes nothing, but at
the same time serves her food In a
Bainty, tasty and appetizing manner,
Is a real genius, and her talents nre
in constant demand.
Do you throw away the half-cupful,
cupful or more of melted ice creaH
that might make a pudding for thl
next day or be used in a cake, addln|
less sugar?
Sandwich filling and salads make •
wide field for original designs, ns well
as flour mixtures.
The woman who discovered that s
sponge cake could be made mor«
fetching by adding the yolks unbeaten,
one at a time, and not stirring then»
very freely, had a cake that attract
ed much comment because of itf
streaked gold-and-white appearance*
Accident often is the mother of new
things, but the housewife who Is look*
ing for new and pleasing effects wil!
find them all the while.
The art of cooking cannot be learned
out of a book any more than the art
of swimming or the art of painting.
The best teacher is practice; the best
guide sentiment (providing you hav*
There is no law which governs the
foods that go well together, for the
kind of toot
served depend*
upon whether yo*
are an oriental
or a Bostonian
The tastes of c
people determine
the food combina
tion. It is a study
which is both *
science and an art. We may seem tc
thrive on one kind of food, but we fini
that where two or three are served
they digest better and are better abb
to keep up the body activities. If wi
treat the body as a well regulated fur
nace which is fed at intervals, nor
stuffed with the day's allowance whict
will choke the fires through importée
combustion, we will be intelligent.il
the choice and care of food.
If we overeat we waste good fuel
and overwork the furnace; if we an
undernourished the furnace cannot
give off heat or supply energy.
The three food principles which w*
find supply the body In the best po»
sible manner are proteins, meat, fish
eggs and milk, fats which are obtained
from butter, cream and nuts, carbohy
drates or sugars and starches repro
sented by potatoes, rice and sugar
To see that these three foods are in
eluded In each meal we have what It
called a well-balanced meal. If they
are served In good proportions.
In each meal we have another re
sponsibility to see that foods contain
Ing iron, phosphorus and calcium art
given as well as some which furnlst
the roughage or ballast necessary tc
give bulk to the food.
Fruits which excite the appetite an
used first, as fresh fruit for breakfast
and sweets are used as a finish, or des
sert, as sugar dolls the apetlte; f
good reason for never giving chlldrei
sweets Just before a meal, a practlc*
far too common among mothers.
Some people are sensitive to certair
foods or combinations which other»
enjoy with comfort; this Is owing t»
some peculiarity of the body machine
of course these things should be avoid
ed. Happy the man and woman wht
Is normal and is able to eat, digest
assimilate and enjoy all the goo<
things provided by our allwise Creator
The menu maker needs to know hei
family, to recognize the value of varl
ety, and yet not to overdo It, for w*
all are faithful to the old favorites.

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