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iu i<OH^ Jot RenermANce « ...... ATJ$ffîGSIMSKXQât>^ mmm ' * > i3gg »ftp r «B3. .. ' . '-i..;. '*AA mSBmSM 83H&* zszZ MiCMaMMMÉ T3^3 A&azrrtWJßiJBEn^^ 7 » % I WORLD WAR I 1917-1918 AUGUST de Y GREEN 01 CAPTAIN U.5.A.MRI REGISTERED AMERICAN FORESTRY ASSOCIATION V WASHINGTON, D.C. > ---Nr - ---Nr By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN. N EXT to well-equipped and thoroughly up-to date railways, transportation means good solid wagon roads. Even In normal times the economic value of such roads Is well nigh; Incalculable, but in a period of armed con flict victory or defeat may depend upon the condition of the common highways. All this is well known. And yet, though far-Seeing men have for some years been urging the good roads movement upon the people and some progress has been achieved, our highways in general still remain among the worst in the world. •-Albert J. Beveridge. I think that I shall never see A poem as lovely as a tree— A tree whose hungry mouth is prest ! Against the world's sweet flowing breast; A tree that looks at God all day And lifts her leafy arms to tfray ; A tree that may in summer wear A nest of robins in her hair; e * • Poems are made by fools like Inc, But only God can make a tree. —Joyce Kilmer. If you want to build a road, let the people plant memorial trees aloag that road and your project is a success.—Charles Lathrop Pack. Thus come closer to the Great Tree-Maker, plant memorial trees tat honor of the men who gave their tires to their country—In honor of the men who offered their Ihres. -Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark. Roads sod trees for remembrance I Victory highways In honor of America's fight ing men 1c the great war! - Roadside planting of trees In memory of their Individual deeds! It is a truism that the economic and moral fiber of any community la shown by the condition of Its highways. Giro the community the right kind of roads, schools, churches, factories and hanks and the other signs of advancement will soon be in evidence. Memorial ro%ds! What more fitting monument can we build In honor of our heroes? Permanent roads dedicated to them! How can a community better commemorate their achievements? And all these memorial roads planned and built as parts of a great system of victory highways— victory highways that food may move from farm to dty and manufactures back-to the farm! that the way of the children to the school house may be made easy; that the defense of America against armed force may be certain. Victory highways that not only serve the na tion's needs but delight the people's eye—vic tory highways beautified by roadside planting of American trees and shrubs and flowers. No walls and gates and arches with their suggestion of something closed and set apart hut memorial trees and groves Aid little paries and wayside camps for the American traveler and food trees for the birds. To Abraham Lincoln have probably more me morials been erected than to any other man. Which of all these memorials Is most .-Impressive —moot fitting? Consider now the Lincoln high way as it Is and aa it is soon to be. The Lincoln highway Is an object lesson of what is and what Is to be in a memorial road. More than 3,000 miles In length, it runs east and west through the heart of America, with giant north and south feeder highways. Joining the At lantic and the Pacific. It traverses 11 states, fifteen millions have been expended on it in the last five yean. Already there are nearly 400 ill— of concrete and brick and paving and more ta«* 1,000 miles of macadam. It la la operation fnam end to end. It carries an endless procession of Américain in their own automobiles. The year round It to dotted with freight trucks. At this very moment the federal government hes under way on the Lincoln way across the continent aa exhibition train. It started from Washington, aad from Gettysburg, Pa., this route la over the Lincoln way to Pittsburgh, Camden tad Becyrua, O.; Port Wayne, tod.; Chicago Heights, Dl.; Clinton. Cedar BapMs and Marshall town. Is.; Omaha, Neb.; Cheyenne, Wyo.; gait lake CMp. Utah; Canon City mid By, Not., s® «sa x> JLJ&mZAzœ finally dropping down the Sierra Nevada to Sac ramento, Cal., and then to San Francisco. This train consists of 60 motor-vehicles of the types employed by the motor transport corps in the conduct of the winning of the war. In addition, accompanying this train are several other branches of the United States army service, in cluding representatives of the engineer corps, with antiaircraft defense trucks and searchlights, and certain specially detailed observers who will, make an intensive study and report to the war department on road conditions. The trip is being made for both military and educational purposes, including: An extended performance test of the several standardized types of motorized army equipment used for transportation of troops and cargo and for other special military purposes; the war department's contribution to good roads movement; demonstra tion of the practicability of long-distance motor post and commercial transportation and the need for Judicious expenditure of federal governmental appropriations in providing the necessary high ways. So much for the Lincoln highway as a means of transportation—a transcontinental road link ing the United States by states. Couslder now the Lincoln way as a beauty spot—and a me morial, not only to the Great Emancipator, but to the heroes who followed his example and won the freedom of the world in the great war. Hie roadside planting of the Lincoln way is in charge of the General Federation of Women's Clubs. This organization has a membership of 2,500,000 members. It has a state federation In every state in the Union. Mary K. Sherman, chairman of the conservation department of the general federation, has secured a comprehensive planting plan for the way. This plan has been worked out by Jens Jensen, a noted landscape engineer of Chicago. In general it provides for the planting of trees, shrubs and flowers indige nous to the locality. For example, blue prints have been made for the planting of she way through the ISO miles of Illinois. These prints give all necessary details—kinds of trees, shrubs and flowers for each locality; suggestions for grouping each. The clubs of the several states through which the way passes will see to it that the planting is done. Many clubs in other states will plant memorial miles on the way and In addition carry out the same plan In application to Lincoln way feeders In their own states. Features of this roadside planting of the Lin coln way by the general federation are memorial trees In honor of individual heroes; groves, foun tains, camping places along the road; fruit and nut trees for the birds and a bird sanctuary from ocean to ocean. For ten years America has been spending from 9200 , 000,000 to $300,000,000 a year for highway construction and maintenance—without national plan—without relation to the broad needs of the country as a whole and with little co-ordination of effort between state«. After spending over $2,000,000000 In • decade, we are, broadly speak ing, as far from a proper connecting system of radiating highways In the United States,as ever. The latest gover nm ent figures show a total highway mileage In the United States of 2,407,• 834 and of this total, even after die tremendous expenditures noted, hut 1? per cent, or some 290,* 000 miles, have received «ay attention whatever and these Improvements are scattered In 48 states, hi a loose and utterly ineffective way, over va sections of our entire 2^00,000 miles. ?S6 Now the time for national action has arrived Thus the time Is ripe for roads and trees foi remembrance. The United States Is going to ex pend $500,000,000 in the next few years on a na tional highway system of Interstate arterial routes. It only remains to be seen what agency of the federal government Is to have charge of the construction. If the department of agricul ture and the state highway commissions do the work, the government and the states will share the expense, half and half. If a highway com mission Is established by congress to have charge of the work the share of the states will bo apportioned In order that states like Nevada, Wyoming and Arizona shall not he too heavily burdened. As to the feature of memorial trees, this Is also the choaen time. Public sentiment turns toward the idea. Events all over the country forecast à general memorial planting. The American Forestry association, of which Charles Lathrop Pack Is president, has Issued a call for memorial tree planting. It is registering all memorial trees and giving certificates of reg istration; also instructions for planting. Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark has called upon the Christian Endeavor societies to plant memorial trees. Georgetown university remembered Its war heroes at Its one hundred and thirtieth com mencement by planting 54 memorial trees in honor of its heroic dead. To each tree was af fixed a bronza marker, of which a sample Is given herewith. To the next of kin goes a duplicate of the marker. "My boys made a wonderful reputation for this country on the battlefields of France," says Dan iel Carter Beard. "I say my boys because I be lieve that there were boy scouts In every Ameri can division that participated in the war. The boy scouts' slogan Is, 'Once a scout always a acout.' A plan that we are taking up is the planting # of trees as memorials for our heroes. This la being done In some parts of Long Island and shonld be done In all sections. After the tree has been planted n small tablet Should be placed on it bearing the name of the ipan who made the supreme sacrifice, and when usd where and how he was killed and his bran«A of the service." Many victory highways to be planted with me morial trees are under way throughout the coun try. The National Defense highway, between Blandensburg and Annapolis, Is Maryland's con tribution. New York is planning a Roosevelt Memorial highway from Montnuk Point to Buf falo. In Ohio Col. Webb C. Hays has offered to give memorial tablets on memorial highways In Sandusky county, and William G. Sharpe, former ambassador to France, will do the same for Lo rain county. The poem by Joyce Kilmer, who gave his life for his country In France, Is most touching. What la more Atting than a tree for a memorial? We may attain the moat magnificent effects in stone and bronze. Compare them with a permanent road—enduring aa the Applan way, built 22 cen turie« ago— and shaded by the Maryland tugp poplar or the Engelmann spruce or any other of our magnificent American trees. The glimpse of an Estes Park road In the Rocky Mountain Na tional peric shows nature's way of beautifying a highway. Consider how the trees on guard add the crowning touch to the Washington monu ment We Need a Chamber of Agriculture ,-s Well As a Chamber of Commerce B, H. A. WHEELER, Presiden t V. S. Ctambcr,ofCommerce Unless we indulge in complete government pater, naliem, wherein the government becomes the ongual buvin? and selling agency of everything, we must con* elude that the system of limited price fixing is as undo* girable as it is un-American and should be now aba*. doned with all possible speed. A word of suggestion with regard to unified max* keting of natural productions, whether they be products of soil, mine or forest: Violent price fluctuations due to overproduction or imperfect marketing facilities ____ canno t be in the public interest. Marketing associa tions of producers should be developed and made as legal, for minerals or timber as for live stock, cereals and fruit. # Furthermore there should be a chamber of agriculture, even as there is a chamber of commerce. It should be a federation of all of the agri cultural associations and farm bureaus. It would constitute a great fac tor in promoting efficiency and would enable industrial production and agricultural production through their respective chambers to work together, whereas we now often find these interests antagonistic because of the absence of means through which to co-operate. This brings us to the question of the measure of co-operation which In the period of readjustment should be permitted under government supervision to all producers of commodities calculated for domestic con sumption as well as for export. The war taught us many lessons of value, and one of these was that the practical suspension of trust laws during the war, when manufao turers of both war and nonwar commodities were brought into intimate association with each other under government supervision, proved of great value in producing economies in productive costs and in use of needed materials, while under the supervision of governmental boards or agencies prices were stabilized and the public interest served. In the days of readjustment upon which we have entered there is great necessity for a continuation of these rights of association if compe tition is successfully met in foreign markets, or competition in the domes tic market between home production and those that will presently coma into this country from foreign producers. The Insistent Demand of the People for a National Budget System By PAUL M. WARBURG, Federal Reserve Board The change caused by the war in the chart of the world is probably no more drastic than the transformation, bora of the same cause, that has taken place in the human mind. Thoughts that were characterized as "utopian dreams" only four years ago are now being formulated into actual plans by highly practical men having both feet on the ground. The national budget idea is a case in point. Sporadic efforts in its behalf have been made for decades. Both parties stand committed to it. But it could not take tangible form in the past because conditions and minds were not ripe for it. Now they are. The war has done away with stagnation ; it has given so gigantic a scope to our political, economio and social problems that on the one hand it has awakened from lethargy the people's mind that gen erally bothers very little about the intricacies of government, and on the other it has imbued our legislators with a realization of their grave responsibilities. The problems of government are now so staggering that they an capable at least of overcoming the point of view of the local or personal interest The angle of the bailiwick must now make room for the larger national interest It is the conscious and subconscious recognition of these facts that in congress has brought about the crystallization of the thought that we must modernize our government's fissnsifl methods, and which on the part of the people hm brought about an insistent demand for a national budget system. George Bernard Shaw—Poverty is the greatest of evils and the worst of crimes. Our first duty—a duty to which every other consideration should be sacrificed—is not to be poor. "Poor but honest," "the respect able poor," and such phrases are as intolerable and as immoral as "drunken but amiable," "fraudulent but a good after-dinner speaker," "splendid criminal," or the like. If Lessons of War Are Not Forgotten We Shall Soon Have Good Roads By O. F. BERKEY, Chicago Automobile Distributor If the stem lessons we learned in months of war are not soon for gotten a national system of good and permanent roads will be enjoyed by the present generation of Americans. It is nothing less than a twentieth-century wonder that the automo bile has attained its present popularity when we consider the average type of road on which our 5,000,000 passenger cars must run. To date the automobile has received no stimulus from roads, as in France and England, unless you except such private projects as the Lin coln and Dixie highways and the progressive work of a few states. The passenger car and the motor truck have developed iu spite of roads. Like many other automobile dealers, however, I am optimistic en ough to believe a new era of permanent road building is upon us. Not only did the government learn the economic value of permanent roads during the eighteen months we were at war, but there are indica tions that it is now cognizant of its obligation to build a system of inter state trunk lines that will serve aa military highways. France demonstrated the importance of good roads. For none but good roads, permanently built and systematically wslsisifi^ could bava withstood the travel of the allied armies with their trains of heavy artil 1*7 and motor lorries. The American soldier knows this, and when ha returns to civilian life he will demand aimilav highwaya in this country, no matter how apathetic he may have been on such issues before ha put ou the khaki of the Yankee doughboy.