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EMSUE IN ÏMé
Umpire Bob Emslie was the victim of a peculiar pla'y at fin cinnati recently, when a hard throw from Mefkle hit him on the wrist and painfully injured him. Daubert had tripled to the score board and Merkle ran out into center field and took Paskert's throw. .Take stopped at third, but Merkle threw to ward the plate with all his force. Umpire Emslie, seeing Dau bert stop at third, was backing away into the diamond when the line throw hit him on the left wrist. The injury was so annoying that the game was de layed for several minutes while many of the athletes urged the veteran official to leave his post and let Bill Klem handle the game alone. Bob, however, refused to do so and remained on the job for the entire afternoon, though hik bruised wrist was giving him constant pain. He received the unusual compliment of a round of applause from the fans when it was seen that he was going to stick to his work. PRESIDENT JOKNSON PREDICTS BIG YEAR Chief Executive of Junior Organ ization Is Optimistic. Says Baseball Never Was in Such Con dition and Expects to See Attend ance Figures Largest Ever Recorded. Byron Bancroft Johnson, president of the American league in speaking of the outlook for baseball this season, said that baseball never was in such a good condition. He declared that already the total attendance through out the league was greater than in 1916 at this time of the year, and that there was every indication that the figures of 1913, baseball's Mgh-water year, would be eclipsed. "Baseball has come back complete ly," said Big Ban. '^Throughout the en tire circuit the crowds have supported the sport in most loyal style, and the good old game is on the road to even greater heights than it reached in the days before the world war. In a state ment which I sent out today to the var ious club owners I said that the attend ance figures were already ahead of those at a corresponding tkne in 1916, which was the second greatest year in .American league baseball." In discussing the plan to send the American and National league pennant - President Ban Johnson. winning teams to France to play a aeries of games at the close of the sea son, Mr. Johnson said: "I Just thought It would be a great thing for American soldiers, provided there are a lot of them over there next fall, to have two major league champ ions go over and play a scries of games for their benefit. A "Now whether the two Champion teemg go over depends entirely on the report of conditions by Bill Lange, star National league player 20 years ago, who has been over there investigating. If he thinks such a venture would be cold and uninteresting, it will not be carried out." MEMORIES OF HONUS WAGNER -One of Favorite Stunt» of Former pin^ Brought to Mind by Play of Hal Chase. Hal Chase perpetrated a feat in the first game of a recent double-header in Brooklyn that brought to mind one of the favorite stunts practiced by Hans Wagner when the Flying Dutchman wgs in his priinc« With Zimmerman on first In the eighth inning and Chase at bat, a hit and run play was decided upon. Otto Miller anticipating such a move, called for a pitch out, which Larry Cheney de livered. Had the ball gotten by Chase, Zimmerman, who had darted off first base would have been trapped, but 'Chase foiled the Robins by throwte# Ws bat at the ball, knocking the pellet Into right «-enter f«* a two-pase hit TIMELY HITTING AND SPLENDID WORK OF PITCHERS HAVE KEPT GIANTS IN FRONT -, j*-«? p ? h mMzÆï mm ^'J\yyvAjYAGtr/^ W&sC/aH/ff1?G#AW \ysjj ßSA vry/twr 'ÆmF" ß&vrcsr yovsfG Some Leading Factors in Keeping Giants on Top. The hard and timely hitting of the Giants and the work of two pitchers, Barnes and Benton, have been the leading factors in keeping the Giants in the front row of the pennant race thus far this season. Tite terrific batting of Young, Kattff and Burns especially has been a big aid to the team in the flag fight. Young and Kauff are among the first five bats men of the league and Burns is close behind them. Doyle has also been playing a strong game, both at the bat and in the field. The problem which Manager McGraw has on his hands is that if these heavy hitters should fall off to any great extent the extra burden which would be thrown on the pitching staff would he so great that it is doubtful if the flingers would stand the pressure. DIAMOND • NOTES Felsch has few superiors throwing xnne. McCabe, utility Cub, weighs 180 pounds and is in fine shape. * * * Dave Robertson is considered one j.f the best outfielders in the National eague. • * * Sam Larocque, once a big league In *le!der, is now an umpire tn the Virgin ia league. • * # Babe Adams Is still raising the deuce, although he was staring ten rears ago. • • • The St. Louis Browns have turned Ernest Fallentine over to Peoria for use in an emergency. • • e The batting of Austin McHenry has >een a big feature in the play of the Jt. Louis Cardinals. * • * It Is no fair blaming it on the'um pire when the visiting team knocks die ball out of the lot • • • Dan Costello, outfielder, once with die Pittsburg Pirates, is playing the jutfield for Binghamton. * • * The veteran Harry Hinchman quit !he Waterbury team, declaring that ils arm was too lame for service. * ♦ * Outfielder Joe Horan quit the Evans ville team announcing that he was çoing to Kansas to play Independent vail. • • • Gus Bono,, failing with Dallas and 'hen with Waco, seems to have found limself ns a member of the Shreveport vitching staff. * * • If Bill Clymer does not get that money for which he has sued, the jouisville club never will hear the nSt of It from him. * * • They are all sounding the praises of he Red's pitching staff. It's singular lie same staff, outside of Sallee, was nedlocre last year. ♦ • • Big John Watson, the pitcher who ■lad a brief experience as a nfember of Connie Mack's Athletics, has drifted tack to New Haven. • * * ' It Is now pretty generally conceded he White Sox have three pitchers in stead of two. Dick Kerr, midget 'hough he Is, has at last gained recog lltion. • • * Baltimore appears to have spread eagled the International field, hut Tor onto, with an eye to a major league •erth, is trying hard to overtake the eadiefi Orioles. Patrick J. Faherty, manager, of the Louisville team, has resigned. His re irement was caused by adverse crit icism of the way he handled thé team, tithough K I» second in the standing. PITCHING FOR STRIKE-OUTS Manager Pat Moran's Twirlers Are Urged to Fan Out Batters on Opposing Teams. Pat Moran urges his pitchers to work for a3 many "strike-outs" as possible. Long ago Manager Pat was converted from the "let-'em-hit-lt-and-trust-to your-support" crowd of managers. The band-box Philadelphia field was what converted him, for on that arena the strike-out pitcher is a king. Even a feeble hitter is apt to hoist a fly that will carry over the near-by walls, but when a man Is struck out he is dead for the rest of the inning. Alexander, who did his finest work for Moran, al ways plays for strike-outs to the limit, and Eppa Rixey has always been a firm believer in the efficacy of the fan out ball. With the Reds Pat has sev eral pitchers whose leaping curves are always apt to make the batters miss three in a row, and he Intends to give these flingers much leeway. Ruether and Eller are strong on strike-outs and Senor Luque likewise 'slings a cruel fan-out curve. UMPIRE QUIGLEY IS PRAISED » —— Applauded by Fans for Making Some Sensational Stops of Liners on Foul Territory. "Who Is the best fielding umpire in the National league?" is the question which is often asked, and It might be said that this honor undoubtedly should go to Ernest Quigley. As a general rule the average arbiter is prone to dodge hard-hit fouls which r Umpire Ernest Quigley. come his way, but Quigley is not of thin type. In several games this sea son at New York, Cincinnati and Chi cago Quigley has made some great stops of liners on foul territory and been applauded by the fans. \ a a It IDLE WORKMEN PARADING IN BUDAPEST r ' ' ' ■ ; X: One of the huge parades of idle workmen that murk the rule of the communists in Budapest, the capital of Hun gary. Records Reveal Queer Ceremony Lawyer Unearths Interesting In förmation About "SmoCk Marriages." WERE COMMON CENTURY AGO Brides Appeared in Scant Attire to Protect Husband From Liability for Her Debts—Various Expedients to Preserve Modesty. Bangor, Maine.—A Bangor lawyer attending court in the ancient town of Wiscasset. Lincoln county, recently (vent rummaging In the Colonial court records of the place and in the course vf his reading came across the official registration of a "smock marriage." Not knowing what a smock marriage was. the lawyer looked farther, and got considerable light upon a strange custom prevalent in England a cen tury or more ago and also to some ex tent in the American eololiies. Smock marriages were weddings where the bride appeared dressed in a white sheet or chemise.^ The reason for such a garb was the belief that if a man married a woman who was in debt he could be held liable for her Indebtedness If he received with her any of her property: and also, that If a woman married a man who was In debt, his creditors could not take her vroperty to satisfy their claims If he had received nothing from her at marriage. In England, says an antiquarian, there was nt least one case where a bride was clothed In puris naturalibus while the ceremony was being per formed In the great church at Birming ham. The minister nt first refused to perform the ceremony, but. finding nothing in the rubric that would ex cuse him, he finally married the pair. To carry out the law fully as ^he people understood It, the ceremony should always have been performed as It was in the church nt Birmingham, In the case noted, hut, modesty for bidding. various expedients were used 'o accomplish the desired end without the unpleasant features. Sometimes the bride stood. In a 'loset and put her hand through hole in the door; sometimes she stood be hind a cloth screen and put her hand out at one side; again, she wound about her a white sheet furnished by the bridegroom, and sometimes she stood in her chemise or smock. Event ually, in Essex county nt least, all im modesty was avoided by the groom furnishing all the clothe^ worn by the YOUTHFUL STREET CLEANER im ■** i a 'Æ \ m m?. Li-— > ' m ' _ They have rather young street clean ers In Salonika (in the Balkans), youngsters who wield ungainly brooms, yet manage to keep the roughly coh hl.-'l thoroughfares in moderately tidy cirtcjlion. Our photo shows a typical street ttrenin who has adopted the "white willed" profession. j i ! ; * ! j J j I j j bride, retaining title to (lie same in Himself. Tliis he did in the presence of witnesses, that lie might be able to prove t lie fact in case lie was sued for any debts, she might lmve con tracted. A marriage of this kind occurred nt Bradford in 1773. and the following is a true copy of the record of the same: Bradford, Dec. ye 24. 1773. This may certifie whomsoever it may concerne that James Bailey of Brad ford who was married to the widow Mary Bacon Nov. 22 last, past by me ye subscriber then declared that he took said person without anything of estate and that Lydia the wife of Eliazer Burbank & Mary the wife of Thomas Stickney and Margaret the wife of Caleb Burbank all of Bradford were witnesses that the clothes she then had on were of his providing and bestowed upon her. WILLIAM BALCH. Minister of ye Gospel. It is noted by the same writer that in all eases of smock mnrringes that have come to his notice the brides have been widows. It is thought that during the reign of George in there were many smock marriages in Maine, then a part of the province of Massachusetts Bay, chief ly in the counties of Lincoln and York, MAIL SERVICE BY AIR IS SUCCESS Postoffice Department Says Has Speeded Delivery All Over the Country. EXTENSION BEING PLANNED New Routes Will Link Up St. Louis and Omaha to Speed Up Deliv eries to and From the Pacific Coast. Washington, D. C. — Records for transportation of mail along the east ern seaboard and front New York city west are being established daily by the airplane mail service which now is well along toward its fifteenth month of existence. The service, according to Otto Praeger, second assistant post master general, who is in charge, has speeded mail delivery all over the country. Letters mailed in New York city or arriving there from New England be fore eight o'clock in the morning are j sent by airplane so far as possible, in i suring their delivery in Washington by ! noon. Those for Washington are sent ; out on the first mail delivery in the afternoon and those intended for cities farther south are forwarded in earlier * trains than otherwise would be possi ! ble. The same Is true of the New York Chicago airplane mail route. The time from New York to Chicago is cut down j to between nine and ten hours. There J is a corresponding saving on mail from j Chicago and western cities intended I for New York. j There are two airplane mail routes j in tiie country, one between Washing ton and New York city and the other between New York city and Chicago by way of Cleveland. Air Service to Be Extended. Flights are made in both directions over those routes every day, with such success that the .postotlice department is about to institute other routes which will link up Omaha, Neb., and 8t. Louis, Mo. These latter routes are to be opened almost immediately, to care for tiie volume of mail and to assist in quick deliveries to and from the Pa cific coast. Airplane mail service started on May 15. 1918. largely as an experiment, with a route between New York city and Washington. Two trips a day had been arranged, one in each direction. The first (light from Washington was n spectacular affair iu which President or in the territory which is now sa known. Practice Died Before Revolution. There is nothing to show that the practice outlived the revolution. In Maine, up to 1S52, a husband was lia ble for debts of his wife contracted before marriage, and no such subter fuge as the smock marriage could re lieve him. Smock marriages were frequently performed in Vermont about a century ago. They were entirely honorable ta both the participants, for they put wholly aside all considerations of financial and selfish interest. Accord ing to tradition, they all turned out happily, and well they might. The principle involved in them may he said to have triumphed in our social life— the great majority of marriages being now smock marriages in the sense that Ike parties arc financially independent of each other. By the way, one of the earliest and strongest arguments for woman suf frage was tiie necessity of relieving women from the financial bondage that they were under to their husbands 50 years ago. All that a woman Imd then practically belonged to her husband. Wendell Phillips, in his address at the first national woman suffrage conven tion. held at Worcester in October, 1851. called attention to a curious case that lmd lately occurred in tills state. A man married a woman who had $50,000 of her own, inherited from lier father. Dying about a year after his marriage, this man left a remarkably generous and manly will—he left those $50,000 to his wife, so long as she should remalu a widow! Wilson and other officials figured prom inently, and sent letters-just before the aviator started. Since that time the service has continued without inter ruption. Postage for airplane mail at the time was fixed at fifteen cents an ounce, the postotlice department figuring that speedy delivery made that price fair. In addition to being carried by air plane the letter was to be specially delivered which ordinarily costs ten cents In addition to letter postage. Airplane mail service continued on n paying basis for a tiim, until the nov elty wore off. Many persons at first used the airplane mail for Its nove 'v. and the letters carried were unimpor tant, apparently. At any rnte, after a few months, the sale of airplane stamps dwindled, as did the mail. Reduction in Rate. Then the postoffice department de cided to fill the pouches when possible with ordinary first class letters. Tills was continued until July IS, when the rate for airplane postage was reduced from fifteen cents to two. It is prob able now that this rate will he con tinued, for while the service does not pay for itself the added facilities in deliveries are regarded by the post office department as worth the price. When tiie service was started the postotlice department co-operated with the war department, which supplied the airplanes and tin' aviators. Tills arrangement had lie An suggested by the chief signal offidlr of the army, who saw in the project an additional means of training »viators for the western front. Army participation continued until last November, when it was agreed for the sake of efficiency that t! e entire project should bo taken over by the postotlice department. For this reason the service now Is entirely in the hands of the postotlice department and tiie aviators are of civilian status. However, the pilots now engaged in the work have come largely from the army, being officers discharged from the service at the end of tiie war. The type of airplane used Is the ordi nary Curtiss machine, hut tiie post office department is preparing and, if congress provides the funds, will soon put especially built airplanes nt work. These new airplanes are designed primarily for carrying mull, stabilized automatically, so that there Is no dan ger of a crash. In this regard thev will he different from the army type machine, in which ability to maneuver' rapidly is an element of safety.