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`°3,wtte~, d 1, OCOBEr= I..1869.
^K 't the 3ebelison -· ,.° .,--- .Ire question as to what conqti tuted aid to the "rebellion" has been a very perplexing one in the te-ededa,- States.. The Supreme Oorit of this State, at its recent t.~~. at pelousas, had the ques ,tiqi ,o cone before it, whether Sori apt an individual who held the .office of District Clerk riuriug the -War did thereby render aid to the "~dbllion," and having held an olffie prior to the war, was by reesonrof holding the two offices 4ebarred from holding office now ky the XIVth Amendment. Th ocpinion of the Court was dejrvered by" Justice ]Howe, who V:S.tB&aineOd by. a full Bench. 4he-material portion of the deci n tk in-the following words : .~si olving so doubtful and de .iccate a.question as this, we must naot beumnmindful of the compli aeited nafture of modern 'civiliza -tion. The State is not a tribe of `"barbarians, who may be engaged - a, de agriculture to-day, and transformed, in toto, to -a band of warriiors, to-morrow. The neces siies of avl -lfe will still exist in a p iised".:asociety; no matter how ,extensive and desolating may be the ravages of war. Property -niust-be bought and sold, offen -ders against the-criminal law must be-arrested and punished, private Srights must often be adjudicated. '~uceessions must be opened, the clainms of heirs, minors and mar ried women must be ascertained sand protected; and, therefore, it :might well be that in the Parish of $t.'`Landry, during the late re bellion, the office of a clerk of court might exist as a necessity, -without the discharge of its' du -ties being considered in any en. lightened view an engaging in Insurrection or rebellion, or giv. Sfig aid and comfort to the ene omies of the United States. If, in $861, every citizen of this parish, except'those who were absent in the rebel army, had been a de voted friend of the United States, would it have been their duty ·to refrain from holding these minor local offices, and by leaving them vacant, allow- society to relapse - nto a chaotic condition? - "-We- think not. - "On the contrary, we appre bend that there could be nothing in the discharge of the legal du ties of such officers that could be considered as a' taking part, for or against, or giving aid and com fort, to either one side or the oth er, in the great controversy. And In the special case before us, we are constrained to think that if the defendant confined himself to his legitimate duties as clerk, (and there is no evidence that he did not,) the fact that he held the office simply, would not go to dis qualify him tinder the act of Con gress of June 25, 1868, admitting La. to representation, and the 14th amendment to the Constitu tion of the United. States. "If in legislative or other ofi Cial capacity, he had been enga -ged in the furtheranuco of the unlawful purposes of the insur gents, where the duties of his of flece necessarily had relation to the support of the rebellion; if he had held a position created for the purpose of more effectually car rying on hostilities, or whose duties appertained to the support of the rebel cause; or if he had in the same way misused the office he did hold, to forward the de signs of the enemies of the UTni ted States, the case would have been diftererent. But so far as we are advised by the record, he performed only clerical duties, such as belonged to a state of peace, and were designed to pre serve civil order and administer .ivil law." The spirit of proscription is thus again rebuked. Radicalism will soon be a dead issue, and lib eralism dominant everywhere. Scandalous Conduct of a Radical State Senator. FOR Om OEbit B RETREN TO READ. Senator Hugh Campbell! In troduced to our readers as aNorth ern "immigrant" who came South during or after the war, settled in the cotton bureau of this State and went to work "developing the hidden wealth of the country." Spent a month or so in Monroe in this capacity, and went to New Orleans, where he set down his carpet bag, and entered into the business of loyalist. Business, paid good dividends, and Camp bell was made a State Senator from one of the New Orleans dis tricts, ousting a Democrat. In the Senate, Campbell thrived; made speeches and helped to en act laws, one of which provided for a revision of the statutes of the State, by a joint committee of the legislature, of which commit tee the Senator was made a mem ber. The Senator is also one of the editors of the New Orleans "Christian" Advocate, a paper engaged in circulating a line of religion to a column of conun drums interspersed with abuse and villification of the Southern people. He is also high cock-a lorum in the Radical State Central Executive Committee. Senator Campbell is also a depraved brute, as will appear from the following facts,-deri ved from good sources: He visited Monroe recently to aid in the revision of the State laws, the work being done here under the direction of Senator John Ray. He remained here a few days, ostensibly engaged in his legislature duties. The night before he left, Campbell got drunk, or feigned being so, and just after dark called at the front gate of the residence of a most respectable citizen of the place, and demanded entrance. The owner of the premises had just gone to church-it was the Sab bath-and the demand was an swered by the gentleman's wife. No satisfactory account being giv en by Campbell'as to who he was, his business there was demanded by the lady. He replied with the most insulting and hellish proposal conceivable, when the lady withdrew to her room, lock ed the . door, and immediately sought the protection of a neigh bor. Meanwhile, Campbell had entered the enclosure. Assis tance arrived in a few minutes, when the brutish creature was discovered leaning against the door, with his ear to the key-hole ! Hie was hurried away from the premises, and next morning left Monroe at daylight. This outra geous occurrence is susceptible of proof beyond peradventure; and the family so grossly insulted is nearly related to the gentleman whose guest and brother Senator, Campbell is. WVe make no apology for pub lishing this elpose of such inde cent and brutish conduct, but rather wish we could spread it be for. every wife, mother and dlaughter north of Mason and Dix on's line. This fellow Campbell ranks high among the present rn lers of Louisiana, and is a man of influence in his party. He is making our laws; living upon our money, as he never lived in all his life, and has a potential voice in every act of the State govern mlent. His brutish instincts help) to sway our destinies, and we are powerless as babes to prevent it. We may contemn n and despise such interlopers, and treat them hourly with indignity and con terupt-the craven creatures only smile, as if they felt honored, and cogitate the best means for ob taining some secret revenge. Anon it comes, as in this in stance, to shock the moral senses and make humanity blush. MIARKET.s- LOW MIiddling Cot ton was quoted at noon yesterday in New Orleans at 24 cents, and gold at 13g. SAN LNDEPENDENT JOURN ALIST AND RETIRED M. C.--Where is the individual who wanted to spell against the world? We have before us a copy of the Feliciana Republican, edited by Hon. J. P. Newsham, ex-M. C. from the 3rd Congressional district of this State. Mr. Newsham has until recently been a prominentr man in his section of the State; at present he appears to be content with editing and publishing a small newspaper, devoted to hom icides, poetry, rows, deaths, laws of the State, prospectuses, and a contempt for Webster's spelling book! We learn from the Re publican that "emigration is set ting in," (it usually sets out;) that Mr. Fessenden's "death was pre cipitated from the remains of poison;" that there is an "un proffitableness" about large land ed estates; and that "the iron horse is preparing to bridge our streams," and "thril our tall for ests, with the shril whirr of forty miles an hour!" (Theraceof Cen taurs and flying jennies is about to re-appear, it seems.) We also learn that it is good grammar to write, "Aristocratic pride have prevented," &c., that "prejudice exist" against a meeting, and that there is such a person as a "bone fide owner" Who "can or may til the soil." "Bone" is cer tainly good-when there is mar row in it, and Mr. Newsham is unquestionably a "bone" editor. He ought to go to Congress by all means, in'place of Judge Ryan, and teach spelling by ear and writing with his toes! P Cotton is opening rapidly. Planters have gathered at least one-third of their crops, and re port fair yields and a fine quality. LAND PATENTS.--An inquiry is made of us with reference to the legal status of lands entered un der the late Graduation Act of Congress. Upon examination, we find the matter is not clearly un derstood by the land officers here. The Department circular lately issued in reference to the subject, leaves some doubt whether per sons holding land entered by oth er parties, at graduation prices, cani perfect the entry by paying the difference between the entry price and the minimum price per acre'previous to the passage of the Graduating Act, to-wit: $1,25 per acre. It is clear, however, that the individual who entered the land can so perfect his entry, or by making the requisite proof of actual settlement and cultivation can obtain his patent without further payment. We hope the officers here will apply for more explicit instructions, and repre sent to the department the justice and necessity of permitting all graduntion entries to be perfect ed, whether in the name of the person who entered, or that of the present occupant and owner. The Gold Panic. Gold went up recently in New York to a startling figure. Conm mencing at about 135 it rose in a single day to 162. Plenty of causes will be assigned for this strange freak in the money mar ket, all of which are embraced in the single fact that the national currency is rotten, and could not stand a day if the Treasury would cease to be a stock-jobbing and brokerage bank. Planters would do well to take warning by this occurrence. The currency depreciates, gold rises, anld cotton falls. The decline in cotton comes from no excess of supply, but from a derangement in the money market---want of confidence in greenbacks. Let the cotton planter bear this in mind, and what funds he wishes to lay by let him lay it by in gold. He will act wisely, in our judg ment, if he simply holds back his cotton awhile, at least that por tion not required to pay advances and stop interest. The price may decline still further, but there is no earthly teason why it should not rise again to the opening fig ires for this season.. The Opportunity of Congreas. |From the New York Republio. I It is plain that the country has pronounced against disfranchis ment. The south, herself, has re pudiated proscription. That it should have have been presented even for rejection is a discredit. It is less dishonorable to legislate pauperism than proscription. Rightly, the latter has been wiped out as far as State action can do it. A phase of disfranchisement still obtains. The brain and blood of a whole section of the Union are ineligible to Federal trusts and office. This is more than disgraceful. It is dangerous. A government founded on the op pression of a portion of a people is feebly founded, for it has no root in the attachment of the masses. We call this sort of rule tyranny in Poland, and when it prevailed it was despotism in Hungary. It is not so named among us. Difference in name, however, is all the difference, and is no difference. Now, where lies the power and duty to right the wrong? Congress holds the key which locked and can unlock these bonds. Will the National Legislature decree the removal of all political disabilities whatev er during its coming session? If so, a palpable demand of the peo ple will be obeyed. . If not, an obvious desire of the country will be thwarted. Congress will be hardy to risk the latter. Public opinion is law in the long run, under our system. What oppo ses it goes down before it. No blindness or obstinacy will avail now. A single organization is supreme in every department of our government. Its opponents claim that it intends to continue itself in power by such repressive statutes as impose minority rule upon the majority. The only way to repel this' charge is to give every man a vote and a possibility to be voted for. By an act of universal political relief the party in power can rebuke the charge of permanent proscription laid against them. In no other way can it be done. That powerful party has statesmen wise enough to see this. Mr. Ferry, of Con netticut, has introduced a bill to lift all political disqualifications. By the terms of the Fourteenth Amendment, a two-third vote of both Houses is required to pass it. The proposition was without a majority last winter. Since then Tennessee and Virginia have stamped out all inequality in fran chise. Mississippi and Texas will soon do the same. All the other States South only wait a chance to do likewise.. The nation has applauded these results and indi cations. Every journal of influ ence cries for enfranceisement. On Congress rests the duty to comply with this request, which, if refused or ignored, will become an indictment and a conviction. JUDRsismP In 11TH DrsTRICT. The Supreme Court have decided. in the matter of the contest be tween Judge J. D. WVatkins and Col. J. L. Lewis for the office oi District Judge in the Claiborne District that all the acts of Judge Watkins up to the day of render ing decision are valid, but the Court declare the office vacant, This disposes of Col. Lewis's pre tensions,-pretentions he ought never to have set up. A man who will wrangle and scheme for a place on the bench ought never to get higher than the dunce's block. An exchange thlinks thie South would have an abundant supply of labor, if only the idle would go to work. We think the writer is but a poor observer. Leave out the idle negroes who hang about the towns and cities who will never go to the fields except upon compulsion, and there is not an idle able-bodied man to every hundred male in habitants of the State. There has been an universal pulling off of coats and rolling up of sleeves in the South since the war, and statistics will show we produce more and earn more to the head than the people of any country upon earth. It is time Southern men should cease slandering their own people. Heaven knows they are injured and outraged enough without the help of men of their own country. SWe refer the reader to a very readable letter from Gen. D. H. Maury, in another column, in reference to Life Insurance. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. -IMPORTER ADiD DEALER IN AND SHOEEAKEBIS' MA TERIALS, NO. 36 OLD LEVEE, BETWEEN CUSTOMHOUSE AND BIENVILLE, KEW OLEAR= noM ly CHECK YOUR COTTON!!! USE THE "ODIELL COTTON CHECK,'" And you will not lose in weight only from natural causes. You will always get your own cotton for it cannot be exchanged, and you run no risk of gettir.g a light bale for your heavy one; nor Low Ordinary for Good Middling Cotton. By the use-of this cheek you give your merchant a KEY TO ALL ERRORS.--they are discovered at once and rectified before loss is sustained. It gives your merchant a voucher to correctness very satisfactory to him, and you will know who is to blame in case of losses. It will relieve him from blame for anothr man's mistake. Use the "ODELL COTTON CHIECK," and your merchant will RETURN IT OR KEEP IT FOR YOU to corroborate his account sales, and the steamboat clerk can point your cotton out, even it all marks from the heads of bales are gone. It eaves steam boatmen much time, much money and trouble. In using the "ODELL COTTON CHECK," mark a simple letter or any usual merk on the head of the bale for convenience, and if hundreds of bales are marked exactly like your cotton and on the same hoat, no one can have ANY NUMBER LIKE YOURS, as there are no twu checlts alike. This check Ia made of brass-is about the size of a Mexican dollar, and is a complete fastening or lock around the tie-it costs only 25 cents, and will last the planter, merchant or cattou dealer -"any years. It is approved by all planters and cotton dealers who have seen it. Checks can be ordered through all conntry merchants, any Commission House or my house in Monroe. General Depot No. 194 Gravier Street, New Orleans. S. W. ODELL. Monroe, La., Sept. 29, 1869. no26:r. GRA.ND STREBT. THIS old and reliable house has just receiv ed and is constantly receiving a large stock of GENERAL ,£ atljatbisr, Plantation Supplies, AND Fancy Goods I -0--. THEIR stock cannot be surpassed outside of NEw YonK. All the CLOTHING, BOOTS, SHOES, AND HATS, Are Custom-Mlade, and specially manufactured for this market, under the supervision of Mr. E. DREYFUS, and are Guaranteed to be as Represented! And prices altisfactory. Pleasuret taken In Exhibiting their stock. Monroe, La., Oct. 2, 1869. n2 ly SIMON MARX, _AS JUST RECEIVED ONE 1F THE Il largest and best assorted stock of DRY GOODS, FANCY GOODS, CLOTHING, HATS, BOOTS, SHOES, TOB.,CCO, E&e., Ever brought to this market. His stock of Dry Goods comprises Poplins, DeLaines, Kerseys, eiLenas, Osnaburgs, Tweeds, Satlnetts, Broadcloths, Nabtas, Flannels of all kinds. Jaconetts, &c, His stock of Gentlemen's clothing embra ces an attractive variety of seasonable P0od nmade up to the latest and most fashionable styles. He will sell I Give him a call as cheap as before you make COTTON and all kinds of COUNTRY PRODUCE purchased at the highest marlket Monroe, La., October ., 1869. :;¶ W. H. MAIXEt, C. a. ULOCKER, New Orleans. Trenton. MAXEY & BLOCKER, TRENTON, LA., DECEIVING AND FORWARDING merohanta, I. and dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots. Shoes Clothing, Western Produce and Plantation Soppllu,. We have erected a large WAREHOUSE on the bank of the river and are propeped to spite all right or cotton at low rates. VWe respectfully solicit the patronage-f the pabllo iSgheLt market price paidfor cotton. n:ly PIEDMONT AND ARLI rO - LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY OF RICHMOND, VIRGINIA. Capital paid up and secured - *$00 000. Assets, - - - 01 000 000. Policies issued during the last two years, over - - - 8 000. Declares dividends annually, and assigns dividends annually to all policy holders. Divides eighty-seven and half per cent. (87k p. c.) of profits amongst the policy holders. Lends in each State the funds acquired from the policy holders of that State. Lends its funds only on first bond andmort. gage, and lends only to the amount of one. half the value of the real estate pledged. Is exclusively a Southern Company, its Stockholders, Directors and Officers were born in the South. Its prosperity is unequalled probably in the whole history of Life Insurance. Nn Compa. ny has ever before during the same period of its history, made such progress as the PIEDMONT AND ARLINGTON has done. No Company presents such claims to the patronage and the confidence of the Southern people. W. C. CARRINTON, President, JOHN E. EDWARDS Vice Pree't, D. J. HA RTSO)K, Sr cretary, J. S. HOPKINS. Assistant Secretary. JOHN C. BRECKENRIDGE, General Agent for Kentucky. DABNEY H. MAURY,General Agent fot Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas. OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS OF THE BRAICR OFFrCE IN NEW OnLEAIa: PRESIDENT, DABNEY H MAURY, VICF-PREa'T., GEN. G. T. BEAUREGARD. DIRECTORS: D. H. Maury, Gen. G. T. Bearregard. Gen. Braxton Bragg, Dr W. H. Holcombe, Col. G. G. Garner, R. M. Simmons, Col. D. A. Wilson, Col Thos. Macon, Edward NalPe, T. S. Barton. Jules C. Denis, Louis Barnett, W. M. Randnlnh, A. M. Fortier, Forestier Deslondes. Liberal commissions will be allowed to ac tive agents who have had experience in the bnoi ne ss. Agents are especially desired for Louisiana and Arkansas. Gentlemen applying for agen cies will please send reterences and state what their experience has been. DABNEY H. MAURY, General Agent for South West, 59 Carondelet St., N. O. L. V. MAAYRE, Agent for Monroe, and neighboring Parishes. n2 :ly STORES AND WARE-HOUSES IN MON ROE, OR SALE. That very eligibly located and valu ahle Drolpert v situated at the corner of Gt rod and a front of too feet on Grand street and runs back to the Onacilta river. 'The corner building is two storiec in hight and has a front of about 45 feet. T'here are two storeson the lower floor, with a ware house back of the corner store, and somue rooms on ti upper tlour. The corner front room up stairs jit now leased for ,t .jeweliers shop. Below the two sto ry buildiong there is a ingle story house, now used ;a a largetin shop, back of which is cotton shed. On the lower line of the lot there is a brick wall two stories in bIigt and well built, which cost $o000 ThisG wall is nt only a great protection against fre ,but is in fine condition to be used as a wall of a brick hIouse if deairted. The location is the most central in town. T'erms of sale-$90ot; tone third cash ad. tbh b;Ahttco in one and two years with S per cent Inter est from dlate, with mortgage on the property. Apply to E. J. Hart & Co. or Chisn, As Boy-d, New Orloatlaa, or to Morrison & Fartmer, Agents. Monroc, La., September 15, 1869: no59tt tEsNY RESSIIAW. -ALEnT CAMMAcg. ItESIEAW & CAITTIACK, Sucecssors to West, Renshawa r CammkOt and pee. We~c COTTON AND SUGAR FACTORS, -AND General Commission Merchants, No. 32 Perdido Street, New Orleans. P. F.- Orders for the purchase of all descriptions of produe will receie our rticlar attention. nl 6m' ANDLREV J. AIKEN. JOIIl V. .'ATT. AIKEN & WATT, (Successors to LOTCIFORD, ROWN,VN & c.O) --AND COMMISSION MERCIANTS, JVo. 60 Carondelet St., JV'ew Orleans. RPEFERElEs t PERMISIoN T Union Ilark, New Orleans, La. (:reCeent City latik, BrL smrs. Pike lt other l Co., Newo Orlana C1harrls Gallagher, eq. " .Mrat n_5. 1r9e. '-nl Pl G. L. flEHNDO. L. V. "tARVE. ERANDON & MARYE, STORAEE N1IERCHAeNTPSE Grand Street.Monroe, La, rtILL attend to the aals ripment or wtoiL o ei cotton and to makn~ plmonrea orpinteo r al and others. 'CLttot shipped to them will beeove5rm hy insurance, r lst ess Otherwise instruteod. Policies ofinsurance ptt n0 tsideneea tgtn-lonses and icotton In gins, iesned upon liaeor rates. Liberal adsc~sDm taloaon cotton sentto them for htalpment to thell +fript In New i Orleans, Now York orLioerpeol. e 1 . FRUIT TREES AND x' MN heX tenslvo Nurseries of P. . BERCl. ne durinth o ...., , -srOat, will be fttnished Ub Igatlon So t eason of 1t69 and 1870. Duringnass" thu ott the Oute hita and triblutaries, I will steir O u trees --c at any landing thereon or as any point or. the :N L.T &T R. R. ]DescrIptIe catlona ahowiuc prices a' " : • to atalo byv purchasrs ddlpmenm laaddition al to be paid ro Oiht Trenfton snto Itouso in -New Orleans, MOO'S: ounroe La. Se?,t. A. Ie:t,. t. =l ARMEXIR . n~oi th Att iuiT.