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PUBLISHED EVERY BATUIRDAY AT MONROE, OUACIIITA PARISH, LA; 1.. Vw. MobonA--'I , EDITOR AND PR'OPRIEETOR Terms of Subscription. The fUowlng rats eo subsaoription will be rigidly adhered to in all ases : One copy, one year - - - - *3,00 One copy, six months - - - 2,00 BLngle copies - - - 10 cents. Any person sending un Ave new cash subscribers, to the same poet oelce, will be entitled to a copy of L"CaU TELGNiPrs" gratis, for one year. SXP Sbsoriptieon prie nvcariably in advance. .& protteslonal -arbe. ------------------------------------ -DIr.-D. H1. Key, TRENTON, LA., C AN be found at his office over the Drug Store. March 3, 1869. n24:lOm Da. R. D. WLHYTE HAS resumed the practice of Medicine and offers his services to the citizens of Trenton and vicinity. Office over the Drug Store. JaIaarv 30.'68 IY Drs. Calderwood & Richardson, F VINIG associated themselves in the practice of R Medicine and Surgery, offer their services to the etizens of Monroe and vicinity. They can be reur4, when not professionally engaged. at their ,aie, opposite the Catholic Church, at all hours, nay 9"'eSpecial attention given to Chronic Surgical eases. Manroe.June S 1528 v2n37:chv3n40:1v oOLU1MrBIA, LA., WILL practie in all the courts of the 12th Judi cil District n7-tf ISAIAH GARRETT. FRANKLIN GARRETT. GARRETT & QAR .RE'rrT, ATTORNEYS AT LAVW Corner Weed and St. John Streets, (Opposite Roerder's Office,) olr0NROa. .......................LOUISIANA. August 6. 1863. n46-tf A. L. SLACK, MON ROE, LA. REACTICS ina the Parish and District Courts as fellowrs Ounehita Parish, Monroe; Morehonae Pariah, Bastrop; Franklin Parish, Winnboro. Mearoe, Anug. s. s868. 5:17 Z. RLcansaoo. Jas. D. McENEar. RICOARDSON A McENERY, .A.ttorney"r at La.w, MONROE, LA. D3OT ICE in all the parishes of North T.ouiana, .. tbb Supreme Corrt at Monroe, the Federal eerts, and in the Lend Office Department of the Fesertl Government. n19-tf oan II'sEEIItI. -. D. . 'ENERY. J. & 8. D. MeENERY, MONROE, LA. PRACTICE in the Parish and District Conrts of Ouachita. Morehouse, Franklin, Itichland. Call well and Catahoula Parishes, in the Supreme Court ot Monroe, and U. S. Courta. " Partic-ularatteotion paid to business in the Lnd O'ile at Monroe. and the Land Office Del,.rt mert of the General Government. uni:tf. C. R. MORRISON. W. W. FARMEIR. Morrison & Farmer, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Monroe, La.. Will practice in the Parish and District Courts in the Parishes ofOuachita, Morehocse, Frarklin, Caidwell, and Union. Also ip the Sn oreme Court of Louisiana and in th e United States Courts, n41:v3 Vn.. atunsS. a. o. COnn. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Monroe, La., Will practice in the Courts of the 12th Judi cial District, comlpused of the parishes of More house, Oaichita, Caldwell, Catahoula and Franklin. And also in the Parishes of Jackson and B. Wtla Riihlrdon, N obt.. W. JemiSon ..... ......... D .. .. . . RICeEgRDSO.Nr JEJIISOE', ATTORNEYS AT LAW, DRACTICE in the Courts of Catahoula, Caldwell, Franklin, Ouachita. Morehouse, Richland, Carroll and Madison. in the Supreme Ceultm of Louisiana, in the United States Courts and in the Land Ollice Department of the Government. Special attention paid to the collection of claims. marl0-n e25 DENTAL NOTICE. H AVING determined to settle permanently in Monroe for the purpose of practicing my pro tession, I can be found at my ofnice opposit:e the south-eaet cornsr of the public square, in thi house lately occupied by the Land Office, at all hours. My family will live In the same buildir. Having had a very large experience in all the different branches of my profession, the treating of children's teeth and all the diseases of the teeth of adults, and the extracting of teeth and arranging ar tificial teeth; I feel justified in saying thatI am pirepared to do anything in any department of my profession as well as can be dune any where, and at reasonable prices. N. F. McCRAW. Jan. 6, 1869. nlS"-tf O. Ia HRLNDOhf. L. V. MXAR-E.-. H-1ERNDON & MARYE, STORAGE lYIERCHANTS, Grand Street, Monroe, La, TPoLL attend to the sale, shipment or storace of VY cotton, sad to making purchases for planters and others. Cotton shipped to them will be covered by ineuranee, unless otherwise instruetod. Policies efinsurua nce pon reidences. gin-houses and cotton in tins, isued Upon liberal rates. Liberal advances made onotto n IenttO them for shipment to their rtdsin New Ora, New York or Liverpool e v. . ..t "ENGAGED IN THE DEFENSE OF AN HONORABLE CAUSE, I WOULD TAKE A DECISIVE PART."-Jums. . 7Tol . 1" ONROE, LOISIANA, NOVEl3BE~R .O, 1869s jfotels, sC)ooels, C-. CORNER OF DESIARD & WALNUT STREETS BIONRIIOE, LA.. L. WV. UR~lt-~ 1 TOR, Proprietor. TrIE ABOVE HOUSE HAS BEEN EN tireiv repaired, and refitted, and the Pro prietor promises the public every comfort and convenience. Board moderate. n2 ly TRENTON AM HiOTEL JOIEN NOLE, - - I- P OPRIETOR TIHE above House, recntly erected and newly furnished, is now open to the public. The Pro prietor engages to do all in his power to renude gnests ronortunable and contented while under hiW roof. His Bill of Fare will be kept fully zp to the market and other accommodations maintained in a style that will insure satisfaction. A liberal patronage, is respectfully solicit Trenton la.. Jan. 20. 1867. v2n17 Ouachita House, (COIuNEIR OF D..SIAR & TlIRDl STREETS,). MONROE, LA. F. L. IHUNSICKEIl, Propt-ieter' IIHE above named Rl,tel so long and favorably known throughout the country has been refitted and newly furnished, and is now complete in every dlep;rtnmcnt. Th'ie Proprietor pledges himself to spare en efforts to muake all comfortable who may favor kim with their patronage. 1: tf NEW HOTEL. LEWIS HOUSE, (Opposite Catholic Church and Female Academy,) MONROE, LA. - Jl. .J. LE IVIS, PROPIJETOR. rEtiE Proprietor, formerly of the OU.ACHITA I. -, HOUSE, informs the public that the large and commtodious residence of Col. ! " Robt. Richardson has been purchased ! i and handsomely furnished, and is now complete in every particular, as a Eirst Class Hotel lA nple accommodations, good fare, and conven ent location. Board reasona;lo net Onachita Felmale Academy.. T HE FALL SESSION of this Institution T will open on the Third Monday of Sep tember. The Rector will be assi-ted by an entire new cmrps of efficient and experie-nced teach ers; he, therefore, assures the public, that no erTort will he spared on the part of himselfand ,assistaints, to render the Academy worthy of he confidence and support of all who advo cate a thorough and liberal course of educa tion. - For further information, aoply for a catalogue to REv. T. B.- LAWSON, RECTOR. I , nroe, La., Aug. 18, 1869. n47: tf LO UISIA NA Mtate Sernmiric--ors .IF - MILITARY ACADEMY, B ATON ROUGE, LA. Founded and supported by the State of Louisiana. For particulars, address D F. BOYD, Superintendent. Baton Rouge, La.,Oct. 30 i869. nlS;ly £lonroc £Uarf)aitics ` rticalts. ýSDDLE AND RIAxR Ess SHOP. I RESPECTFULLY inform my friends and the public generally, thatI am prepared to im inufacture SADDLES, HA rtNESS, and everything in my line. I- have a good stock of materials on hand which I will sell at Rea sonable Pr.ices. PETER EZELIFIS. February 3, 1869. n20:tf EDWARD BURNETT. CHAs. DONELLY. BURNETT & DONELLY BRICKLAYERS AND BUILDERS, GRAND STREET. A VING permanently located in Monroe. offer their services to the people of the town and vicinity, in the erection of houses chimneye, walls, tombs, monuments, &c. Materials will be furnished upon reasonable terms, when desired, and at short notice. October 16, 1869. n4 ly HENRY GEHBAUER, 11r7rcha.nt 'Tailor, alONROE, Lb. I-NFORMS The public that hle hIas opened San establishment at the oll Hemker 'stand on Grand street nearly opeosite thie Courthouse. Clothing made to order on short notice, and in the latest style. A good fit guaranteed. P_.'ticular attention paid to wedding suits. Catting.cleaning and repairing at reasonable prices. Give me a trial. n26:9m Ed. 1clKitrick ARCHITECT AND BUILDER, 1onroe, La. G ROUND PLANS and Elevations for Cot J tages, Villas, Suburban residences, ac companied with specifications, estimates, &c. All orders in his line of business promptly attended to. August 2, 1869 . na1:tf Important Information Relative to Land Entries. NEW ORLEANS, LA;, Nov. 5, 1869. Editor of the Telegraph : Dear Sir--I have just been. permitted, through the courtesy of Mr. Anoyo, Clerk of the Con solidated Land Office here, to read a recent order from the Com missioner of the General Land Office, directing that the Monroe Land Office be removed to this city, and that it be incorporated with the office here. The actual removal is to date from, and take effect after the first of December. The Monroe office was for the District North of Red River. The old Greensburg or St. Helena Dis trict, the South Eastern District and the South Western District have heretofore been consolidated into one and its offi~e located here. The order referred to now unites your District with the oth er three, and throws nearly the whole State into one large Dis trict with but one corps of officers. It will not be long, in all proba bility, before -the. North Wes-. tern District whose office is. now located at Natchitoches, will also be consolidated with the four other Districts, and its office as a consequence removed to New Or-. leans. Thus this city becomes the center of the landed interests of the State. With the State Land office, these four consoli .dated Federal Land Offices, and the Surveyor General's office all located here, and now- in full and activeoperation, the people of the entire State must look to this place alone for all things in any way relating to the State and Federal lands. Perhaps in this connec tion, it may not be inappropriate to state for the benefit of your readers a few of the leading pro visions of lawi now in force and aftecting the public lands. ~lhat is known as the Home stead law, consists of three dis tinct acts of Congress; the first two passed during the war, the last after it. Their dates are, re spectively, Mai- 20th, 1862, March 21st, 1864, and June 21st, 1866. The first two never had any ope ration in the far South, and in the other States of the Union they -were never held to exclude the public lands from other modes of acquisition. They simply created a new mode of acquiring title to the public domain, without, in any manner repealing or even modi fying the old manner of obtaining title by privateentry, by pre-emp tion, by the location of land warrants, or any of the other modes by.which the public lands were disposed of. But as soon as the war was over and discriminations against States and sections could be in dulged .'iin ad libitum, Congress passed the- third Homestead act which applied expressly only to the five States named in it, to wit: Florida, Alabama, Mississip pi,-Louisiana and Arkansas. This act declares that from and after its date, June 21, 1860, the public lands in the States named, should not be disposed of in any other manner than under its provisions. This was au- odious distinction against those States unbecoming the Fe'cderal Legislature and sin gularly out of place in a statute otherwise teeming with generosi ty and wisdom. But as the Homestead law now stands it is exceedingly liberal and generous to all classes of citizens. Any one over 21 years I of age, or who, being less, is the head of a family, may take a Homestead upon any public land of the United States. If the lands are the reserved sections in any railroad(l grant, then only 80 acres can be taken-otherwise 160 acres may be taken by each per son. The land is to be first "en tered" hy the person who desires to obtain a title-whlich consists of nothing more than making aftidavit on the printed forms that the party desires to take it in good faith for his own use and benefit, &c. He then makes out1 his written "application," which is sent to the Land office with his ~tffidavit and with the proper fees, where his entry is allowed, if all things are legal and regular. The fees do not, in the case of 160 acres, exceed $15. The party is then allowed six months to make or commence his improvmeunts. What they shall be, whether cut ting a "coon-tree" or "bee-tree," or digging fish bait on the land, *is not expressly stated in the act. SIf he will hang on though, and "abide rh well doing," he can, at the end of five years, claim a patent from the United States and dispose of his land at his op tion. At any time before the ex piration of five years; even ten days after filing his application and affidavit, lie can also obtain a complete title, and sell his land if he will come forward and pay to the government the price at which the land would be held if subject to private sale: that is $2 50 an acre fir Raikhoad lands and $1 23.per acre for all other. To effect an entry under the Homestead acts a party is not 1 required to go to the Laud office in person. This would be a very unjust requirement when all the 1 Land offices but one have been removed to New Orleans. The party may make out his papers and send them to a friend or at torney here, and the matter may be consummated as effectually as if the party were personally pres ent and acting. The old graduation act was re pealed in 1862. Under its pro visions lands were purchased for cash at a price per acre which, starting at $1 25, gradually de creased in proportion to the lcngthof time thelandhadbeen in market, until it got as low as 12 cents--at which moderate figures the diminution ceased. Now, however, the law has no force or effect, except so far as proceed ings may be necessary to perfect titles obtained under its provis ions. It is believed that the Home stead Act of June 21, 1866, which applies expressly to the five States before named, and with draws all lands in them from any mode of acquisition or disposition whatsoever save under its peculiar provisions, will b)e repealed, or so far modified by Congress at its coming session, as to place pub lic lands here upon exactly the same footing-of the public lands elsewhere. If that is done, capi tal, land warrants and other land scrip, will be free to find invest .meuts, as of old, in the public lands, without impairiing any in terests of the Homestead classes. The State lands of course are not affected by the laws above alluded to. They remain subject to disposition under the various State laws rehliting to the .Inter nal 'Improvement lands, the school lands and the swamp land grant. In view of the increasing pros perity of our State, the rapid rise in all kinds of lands, the promised Railroads, and the hoped-for tide of Chinese labor, the foiegoing. may be of practical use to many persons who wish to obtain homes on the public" domain. Iloping that it may be so, I have the hon or to be Your most obd't serv't, .r. L. BRADFORD, No. 18 Royal St., Now Orleans. The New York Sun publislhes this, and says it was iever iii print before: "During the mem orable battle near Atlanta, on the 22d of July, in which our troops fought first from one side of their fortifications and then on the oth er, a rebel ollicer at the headl of his men, more darinrg than his follovwers, succeeded in getting close up against the Union works, when a certain stalwart Colonel of Iowa volunteers, begrinmedl with the smoke of battle, leaped from the narrow parapet, anl ex tending his powerfil arms grasp ed the gallant rebel by the collar, hoisted him bodily into the Union lines, andl sent him to the rear a prisoner of wvar. The rebel, who turned out to be Col. Lampley, of the Forty-fifth Alabama, died a few weeks afterward of chagrin at the inglorious way in which he was captured. The captor was Col. Belknap, of the Fifteenth lowa, now Secretary of VWar." SGen. Lee's College will have twenty-five newspaper scholar ship's. An Important Deoision. The Supreme Court of the Uni ted States has rendered an impor tant decision in a suit on a note given in one of the Confederate States during the war. The prin ciples of this decision are old in English law, and the present application of them recognises that the authority maintained by military power which was para mount in the Confederate States for more than four years, was the actual government of the region it occupied. During this period, one of the parties to the present suit gave a note for fifty-five thousand dollars. But being now sued for the balance due on it, he pleads that he promised not to pay the lawful dollar of the United States, but the Confeder ate dollar, which at the time of the contract was many hundred per cent. below- par. This the Court permit, the de ferndant to show, and limit the demand of the plaintiff to the value actually stipulated at the time the contract was made. The following points were answered affirmatively by the Court: 1. Can a contract for the pay ment of Confederate notes made during the late rebellion, between parties residing within the so called Confederate States, be en forced at all in the Courts of the United States? 2 Can evidence be receved to prove that a promise expressed to be for the payment of dollars was in fact and for the payman t of any other than lawful dollars ot the United States? 3 Does the evidence on the record establish the fact that the note for the ten thousand dollars was to be paid, by agreement of the parties in Confederate notes? The general tone of the decis ion indicates a disposition to sub stitute law and reason for the ignorance and passion that have marked the political treatment of questions arising out of the late civil war. The necessity under which the mass of the Southern people lay to submit to the Con federate government is -clearly recognized by the court; and this alone exhibits the injustice of the Radical policy which has found in the simplest acts of civil obedi ence to a powerful de facto gov ernment a pretext for.disfranchis lug citizens who are in willing submission -o. the restored author ity of the Federal Government. The court declares that the obli gation of the citizen to that Government were suspenled in the region controlled by the Confederate power, and that civil obedience to it was a necessity, though this would not justify acts of hostility to the United States. This seems to be not only the legal, but also the common sense view of the matter, and it is the interest of all civilized countries to maintain these principles which mitigate the evils of war, and solve some of the perplexi ties that attend it.-Phila. Age. TnE BYRON SCANDAL.- The strongest proofs against Mrs. Stowe's calumny have just been brought to light-a number of letters written by Lady Byron af ter her separation from Lord By ron to Mrs. Leigh, .his lordship's sister. They are good evidence that the horrible and disgusting "true story" of Mrs. Stowe is one of those periodical scintillations of malice which have -made Mnrs. Stowe more notorious than distin guished. These letters forever set at rest the foulest outrage ever perpetrated upon the memo ry and reputation of the dead. It is to be hoped that we shall hear no more from Mrs. Stowe upon this or any other subject of the kind for a hundred years. A few d(lays since, when iMaggie Mitchell's company was ready to go on the stage, Mr. Sutton who was to play the part of the old man "!Mortimer," received a tele. gram that his mother was dead. The play went on, and soon the cheeks of Miss Mitchell and Mr. Sutton were bathed in genuine tears, but the audience little knew the reality of the grief Miss MIitchell's mother died only ai short time since. Rata of Aof erwt5t. ost square, eight Rie.a or lnas, (td alm pes) irrt iertion ...................... S benilpatro t t made for ad asrtii eg by the year Cards of a e hgoel oves.-wheu admimible will he charge double our regular advestisg atee All advertleetents sent to thielcloe, whbn not otherwise ordered, will be inserted .till forbid" and Narsd n o quare counted w we., but they will be charged. a whole pquas. inn er istance. When displayed, alladvoejsmentewlll be charged by measurement, and not by the number of lines. Obituary and Marriage notites will be charged as advertisements. ,1 Profeseional cards $90 per annaum 6 monthe 12,o0, 1n advaneo. AQENT. THos M clirru, Rag., *s the 'duly autbhorised agent for the Telegraph in New Orleans ý Agents wanted throughout the Sie to whom a iera per cent, wil be paid out of all money re Setlved by them. Importance of an Honest Census for 1870. The New York World says: "If the census next year be accurate ly and fully taken, so that its figures, whatever they may tprove to be, can be safely accepted as being completely authentic, they will furnish an invaluable basis for the legislation of the next ten years; but if the work be slurred over, slovenly' performed, or in trusted to dishonest or incompe tent-persons, so as to permit sus picion to arise of either its good faith or of its complete accuracy, it will turn out to be of little val ue, and will serve for little more than an additional monumegt of the imbecility and treachery of our present rulers." There is no doubt of the cor rectness of these 'views. 'But then, how is it possible fpr a;cor rect census to be taken by the Radical party, and under the existing order of things?. I the first place, it is doubtful whether they really desire one. If it could by any possibility abridge the power -of their party, they. certainly do not, and will -takp no steps to secure a faithful psti mate. ' Secondly, how is it posibhie, in view of the agents to be useddfor the purpose- at the South, for .the census to be correct? The Ad ministration is restricted in its appointments of census-takers in the Southern States to a e rpo ral's guard of mercenary natives, a few straggling carpet-bag ad ventures from the North, and the negroes. Is it possible for it to secure capacity and fidelity rom these classes for every State, county and township of the South, or even one-half of them? We think it is not, and that if Con gress does not enlarge the Sphere for the selection of Government officials, and the President show a more tolerant and independent spirit toward that class of our people, known in Government parlance as "Rebels," the coming census will not only be unrelia ble as a truthful estimate, but the ground-work of all manner of po litical infainies. " Pope Pius IX, is now 77 years of age, and he has been Pope 23 years. He is described as a vig orous old man, of most benevolent and venerable aspect. Personal ly.he is extremely popular with almost all classes of his people. He is said to be a man of blame less life and the best possible in tentions, but he adheres to the ideas of the past, both political and theological, with a tenacity most wonderful to witness, espe cially to his power as a temporal sovereign. He is a man of the simplest manners and habits. Berdan the sharpshooter of xhe war, is in St. Petersburg, build- ing an immense armory for the manufacture of his breech-load ing rifle, which has been adopted by that government as the p;a tional arm. While that establish ment is in progress, Colt's Armo ry at Hartford, Ct., is almost wholly employed in making the Berdan rifle. God bless Maryland ! Not only has that brave little State given a clear Democratic majority in every county, but it has elected a Democratic legislature clear through. Not a single Radical will contaminate the legislative halls of Mary laud with his unhal lowed presence. A fellow who successfully pass ed himself off as a french Count in New York five years ago, and set hundreds of silly hearts -iBt tering, now keeps a lager beer saloon on Sixth avenue. There is a revolution in progress in the Mormon Church, the Mor mons are only waiting for Brig ham to die to carry out their con eerted measures. The Queen of Prussia orders $500 to every woman in the king dom that has given birth to twelve children. There never was but .one Irish . Mormon, dtnd it killedl him; and na iM ormon Irish-woman never was knTIOW.