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1i3Li3nS SVERY ATiURDAY AT ROIROB OIUACHITA PAISiBE LA ; Q. Wr. aLoclR A. IXE. ]pL)IT .tAfl PROPR1ETOR Termau of Subscription. sto timewLag wae os e subrcptton will be rigidly aedee to s a ll easee lme 0pP. om ao ye. - - - -. . 300 Ome opyT. nix monthr - - - 2,00 aiggle opl - -* - 10 ceate. Aiylersn misedlg Us flve new enah subaoribors, b s iesms Peat eMiee will be entitled to a copy of 'tum Tairaeasa" gratis, for one year. L'W Subsoriptien price onariably in advance. .A Tariff or Advertising Rates. &dvert4wents will be inserted at One Dollar and if9ty Cents pet suare of one inch of space, or iess, for the fle. t.edSev4enty-fiveCents for edh snhbse qgent .inerteon. for any time under one month. For oagerperiods as elilows : fro 1o a in. j1t mo. $ moO 3 mornus mn i" mon o'"............. .:. 3 75 7 10 9 13 0'l 23 00 Twe .............* 7 5: 12 00 151 2200 30 00 *bee ............ II 11 0 17 0), 23 0) 3) 0) 4J 00 FWer ........... .I. 15 00 22 k;:c 26 o( 38 0u 50 00 Ten ( Column)... o000 45 01 55 0s 75 00100 00 Fif'teen ( Culnmn.) 45 00 62 5 75 01 tOo , 114,1 O Two y.u-oe (3 COL)J 55 00 25 t1 90 IL 135 0.012a0 0 reoteeatonal Qrarbs. ,----~----------------------------------- TRENTON, LA., C AN.b faund at his office over the Drug store. Matsh 8, 1960. n24:10m Da. R. D. WHIY'T'E AS reeneed the practice of Medicine and offers his services to the citizens of Treaton and vicinity. Oice ever the Drug Store. Janaar? 80,'68 IV Ors. Ialderwood & Richardson, llAVI a eaolated themselves in the practice of - Maditne and Surgery, offer their serlices to "L. *ija.5 of Monroe and vicinity. Thry can he fSsa4 when not professionally eagaged. at their 4r. oepo'sei te a Catholio Church, at all hours, day ttentioan given to Chronie Surgical elreejae ts AIS. T9n37:chrv340: Iv COLtM~BIA-, LA. rm esat en all the courts of the 12th Judi iteAlAM eARRTT. FItANKLIN GARRETT. QL1RR.ETT & GARRET'T, ATTORNEYS AT LA W ornar Woondsnd St. John Streets. (Oppeolte 3eeerder's Office,) aJr.. ........................Lou'sA xa . Aegess . 18S. n46-tf A. L. SLACK, MON ROE, LA. MCE in the Parish and Distriet Courts as --ahela 1psris. Moaroe; Morehouse Parish, aetrep; Fraaklin Pariah. WVinnsboro. -are. l g. fa. 18t 5:17 ,. ICeaAansxo . JAi. D. McIt;aNr. RICUARDSON & :IcENERY, At ttorne $ at La.-v, MLONROE, LA. SUL&CTIC3 ta all the parishee of North T.onliana. _S .b"e ngarrma Corrt at Monro. the Federal at., sad i the Land Offoi Department of the eal Gvaerament. -19-t eas3 ar'ansu . . D. M'ENIERY. J. & S. D. MCeENERY, MONROE, LA. l &OTrIC in the Parish and Distriot Courts of COa.hite, Mi rhouse. Fronklin Richilaud. Calh wal ana Catbhonla Parishes, in the Supreme Court as Mearoe. and U. S. Courts. parti Olarattenltion paid to buinetss in the J6s Omee at Mearroe, and the Land OfUic l)..aprt wstatf the General Oovernmont. no i:tf. e. M. MOfRISOs. W. W. FARMER. Merrlson & Farmer, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Monroe, La.. Will practice in the Parish and District Ceorta is the Parishes of Ouachita, piurehoce, Fraphlie, Caldwell, and Union. Ald in the Suoremi Court of Louisiana and in the United States Courts. n41:V8 .v rP.ernaa.l a. . COBB. 5W333BD B @033uSO ATTORNEYS AT LAW .oMnroe, La., Will practice in the Courts of the 12th Jutti call District, composed of the parishes of More. house, Oaachita, Caldwell, Catahoula and Franklin. And also In the Parishes of Jackson and Unioa. v4 n32 3. Wite Rsamed. - dobt. H. Jentison oX W a r don, t .re ..............n cd...... . . . . ,tICee RDSOaS S JE.tIISO at, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Ind ine the Courts of Catahonla, Cailwoll, a iLdal Ouechita. Mlorelonse, Itichiatnd, Carroll =Ud= - E o. s the Supreme Cet t, of Louiniama, lh patted States Courts and in the Land Otlice Osmrtmetst of the Government. Special attention e4 te the ieellesttoa Of claims. marlO-n c25 DENTAL NOTICE. H TAINrGpN determined to settle permanently II ii Monroe for-the purpose of practicing 1hyproteslon, I can be foind at my office -eeitt'e the south-east corner of the public e-a.-e. in tlbs house lately occupied by the Land Ofice, at all hours. My family will live In. the same building. Having had a very mlare experience in all the different brant.hes efmy prefeaion, the treating of children's eaeth and all the diseases of the teeth of adults, and the estrecting of teeth and arranging ar -Sicia teeth; I feel justified in saying that I am prepared to do anything in any department et my pIofesion as well as can be done any wher, e and at veaa0 -ble prices. N'. .McCRAW. hln. iS,+ 1869). n] 5.:./ "ENGAGED IN THE DEFENSE OF AN HONORABLE CAUSE, I WOULD TAKE A DECISIVE PART."-JvEAis. Vol. . VMONROE, LOUISIANA, JANUARYF 1, i8?'O. No. l. 1--·L--------~ TR CNTUN ----------g-! ------------OT--EL STRENTON . HOTEL a JOEKX NOIrBlAE,- . rPaOPRIETOR 0 THE above fonse, recently erected and newly 0 furnished, is now open to 'he public. The Pro. Sprietor iengages to do all in his power to rendea 0 guests comfortable and contented while under hlie Sroof. His Bill of Fare will be kept fully up to the u market and other accommodations maintained in a Sstyle that will insure satisfaction. A liberal patronage is rspectfully solicit Trenton La.. Jatn. 20.1867. 2nl Ouachita House, (COe:NER OF DESaIAUD & THIRiD STREaT,) S MO NROE, LA. J. L. I. HUNSICKEIR, Proprietor. rplg above named Hotel so long and tfavorably I known throughout the country has been refitted and newly furnihed, and is now complete in every department. The ]Proprietor ledlges himself to spare no efforts to make all comfortablu who may favor Linm with their patronage. a: it NEW HOTEL. LEWIS HOUSE, (Opposite C atiolic Church and Female Academy,) MONROE, LA. .71.. J. LE JIS, PtdPRIETOR. '5'.lE Proprietor, formerly of the OL'AIIITTA iR IOUSE, informs the public that the large and commodio's residence of Col. ltobt. Richardson has been purchased . and handsomely furnished, and is now complete in every particular, as a First Class Hotel Amplo au commodations, good lare, and conven eat location. Board reasonable n28 TO LEAS t-, 'Ije Railraab gjotcl. THE RAII.ROAD HOTEL, situated upon the corner of Do Siard ani Walnut streets; Monroe, La., is now offbred for lease for one year, and perhaps more, dating from the Istday of January, 1870. The location of this Hotel is central, being ) convenient uo the business portion of town adtn within three hundred feet of the river It c(omprises TWENTY FIVE ROOMS, and , will be leased with a complete outfit of bed room and dining-room furniture. An excel lent garden, with out-buildings, is attached to the grounde. Apply to IH. KING, Monroe I.a Oct.30, 1869. n6;9t Ouachita Female Academy. SHIE FALL SESSION of this Instit'ition will open on the Third .lMonday of Sep 'ember The Iector will be assi-ted by an entire ,ewv crps of efficient and experieniced teach ors; he, therefore, assures the public, that no elfort wil! bb spared on the part of himselfand assistani.s, to render the Academy worthy of he confidence and support of all who advo cate a th:,rough and liberal course of edupa For firther infornmation, apply for a catalogue to REV. T. B. LAW\VSON, RECTOR. .1, nrce, La., Aug. 18, 1869. n47: tf LOUISI. NA -OF MILITARY ACADEMY, BATON ROUGE , LA. Founded and supported by the State of Louisiana. For i particulars,address D F. BOYD, Su perintendent. Baton Rouge, La.,Oct. 30 1869. ult8;ly lthnroe iL3rIlanirs f Vrtisaun. .SAIDLE AND rlAR1IES~ SHOP. I RESPECTFULIY inform my friends and i the public generally, that I am prepared to - mitnufacture SADDLES, HARNESS, and everything in my line. I have a good stock I of materials on hand which I will sell at Rea sonable Prices. PE':TER EZELlJS. February 3, 1869. n20:tf ED\VtRD BUIRNETT. CIHAS. DONELLY. BURNETT & DONELLY ]BRICKLAYERS AND BUILDERS, GRAND STREET. AVING permanently located in Mlonroe, offer their services to the people of the town and vicinity, in the erection of houses ihimneys, walls, tombs, monuments, &e. Materials will be turnished upon reasonable terms. when desired, and at short notice. October 16, 1869. n4 ly lENRY GElIBAUER, 1 T.erchs.nt Tailor, MONROE, LA. I NFORMS The public that he has opened I an establishment at the old Hemker stand on Grand street nearly opposite the Courthouse. 'lothing nmade to order on short notice, and Lin the latest style. A good fit guaranteed. Particular attention paid to wedding suits. Cutting, cleaning and rep'-iring at reasonablse prices. Give me a trial. aS6:9m Decisions of Supreme Court. State ex rel. A. J. Oliver vs. IT. 0. 1Vrilmoth, Governor, et al., the' State Intervenor-Appeal from the Sixth District Court of New Or leans.-Taliaferro J.: This is an appeal from a judgment dismis sing the intervention and render ing peremptory a nandanmus issued upon the application of the relators against the Governor of the State, to compel him to exe cute and deliver to them. forty eight State bonds, in payment of certain public work authorized to be done by act of the Legislature of 8th September, 1868, entitled "an act to provide for the improve ment of the navigation of Red River." Defendants contend that the court has no power to compel, by mandamus, the Governor to per form acts within the sphere of his department. Defendants also al lege the unconstutionality of the act of the Legislature under which the relators demand the bonds. The constutionality of the act cannot be inquired into in this proceeding. The only inquiry is as to the power and authority of the court to order, by writ ot mandamus, the performance by the Governor of the acts required by the law to be done by hitm. In the organi zation of the Government, three separate bodies of magistracy are established-the _ legislative, the executive and the judicial. It was intended that the fmuc tions of these co-ordinate branches should be conjointly exercised, but that the functions of each should be separately and distinct ly exercised, within its own sphere, and as far as practicable inde pendently of those of the other branches. \either branch is per mitted to exercise the powers ap propriately belonging to another. The Governor must be presum ed to have the discretion and the right of deciding what acts his duties require him to perform; otherwise his functions would be trameled, and the executive branch of the Government made subservient to the judiciary. There is error in the order of the court below, rendering the mandamus peremptory. Judgment reversed, the writ of mandamus set aside, and relators to pay costs in both courts. State on the relation, etc., against John L. Lewis, Judge of the Eleventh Judicial District of Louisiana.-This suit is brought under the intrusion act against John L. Lewis, claiming the right of exercising the duties of Dis trict Judge of the Eleventh Dis trict. The defendant appealed from a judgment of the District Court, divesting him of the office. The Court, Taliaf'erro, Judge, overruled the motion to dismiss the appeal, affirmed the decision of the lower court in overruling the bills of exceptions, and con cluded in a decision upon the naked merits of the case, which affirmed that the Judge was dis qualified from holding his posi tion. The point made is: "That the defendant held in the State of Georgia the position of Solicitor General, and was a member of the State Legislature, in which office having taken oath to sup port the Constitution of the Uni ted States," he subsequently engaged in the rebellion, and hence the disabilities incurred by the third section of the fourteenth aamenudment have not yet beoen re movedl. The Court pronouncing upou oaths,justitiedthe strong pre sumption that, as a member of the (eorgia Legislature, the defen dant took an oath to support the Constitution of the United States, nothing is offered to rebut the presumptions, therefore the judg ment of the Court below is correct. A number of gentlemen of wealth and influence, we learn, have organized a subscription to raise sufficient funds to present Jeff. Davis with a plantation, whereon he can spend the bal ance of his days without having recourse to politics or a sinecure for his maintenance and that of his family. The object is one which we applaud heartily, and we are happy to learn that it is almost, if not entirely, accom plished.-Bulleti't, The True System of Farming. Trying to do too much is a common error into which the farmer often falls. His great ea gerness in striving to be rich is, doubtless, the cause of his error. lie is ambitious and energetic, and forms his plans on a large scale, too often, perhaps, wit bout counting the cost. He buys a large farm and wants to be called a "large farmer," without under standing or considering the true elements that constitute a real farmer. lie fancics the greatness of that profession, as is too often the common estimate, to be in proportion to the number of acres, not to say cultivated, embraced within .the boundaries of his do main. The fact is now being spread abroad, that a large farm does not make a man either, rich contented or happy, but on the contrary, the reverse of all these, unless well tilled, when his labor is rewarded by ample crops and fair success in the various depart ments in which he is engaged. No farmer can realize the full benefits ot his profession without adopting a thorough system of culture. His success, commensu rate to his wishes, always de pends upon the manner -in which he prepares his grounds, plants his seed, and rears his stock. Neither of these departments, which may be considered the car dlinal ones of his profession, will take care of themselves. The soil may be rich, but it needs cul ture. His seed may be sown, but it should be in due time, and al ways on soil well prepared, and of a suitable quality for the pro duction of the crop desired. His stock must be constantly cared for-it derives its thrift from the soil, and sends again to that soil the sustenance it requires; but this is not done in a loose or hap hazard way. The farmer's care is required, and all his better judg ment must be exercised in keep ing up this system of reciprocal benefits that may be realized by every intelligent and industrious farmer. Thorough cultivation and sys tematic attention to all parts of his business is indispensable to a good degree of success. The very corner stone to this whole system of farming, is to do what you do thoroughly-nature will not be cheated, and never give full returns to the half way work that is practiced by vastly too many calling themselves farmers. If the land has been worn, the extent of that exhaustion and the food required must be first con sidered. When ascertained,. the full measure of these requireo muents must be given, to bring out full returns. If the farmer has but a small amount of manure to replenish his land, it is obvious that but a small trin canm be sup plied with it; and good judgmeint at once dictates that to cultivate lproperly :a) large farm, artificial fertilizers must be used if good crops are obtained. And so much with the labor; two men cannot suitably till one hundred acres of land, when the labor of two, andl perhaps four, might be profitably employed on seveuty-five acres. This is the great error in farm ing. Two men strive to (do what four can hardly do, and thus thou sainds of acres are run over, half tilled, and producing half crops. The land is run over till worn out, sustaiuingg year after year, the unnatural tax, till its energies are entirely exhausted, and it fails to yield even a feeble crop, because its life is worn out. Much of the soil in V'irgiuia and other South ern States is a type of this. Thousands of acres are entirely useless and exhausted,, and will ever remain so, till the first ele mnents of its power are ,returned to it. This process is going on in Imany of the Western States. The soil is treated like an inex haustible mine; the tillers crying give, give, give! till in a few years it will have nothing to give. The boast of the West is, large farms and large fields of grain; plow, sow and reap is the busi ness of Western farmers, drawing out the very life of the soil, send ing it away in the heavy exports that are constantly going onward, without ret rning to the soil the food it requires to make it pro ductive, The light that is being spread on this subject is beginning to correct this practice to some ex tent, but in most instances very little is returned to the soil to keep it alive, till after several years of continual cropping it manifests signs of exhaustion and ultimate barrenness. When tillers of the soil understand their true interests, they will cultivate no more land than they can do well. Fifty acres of land for tillage, brought to a high state of culti vation, pays better than one hun dred run over in the way that many do.-Jefferson .'armer. Livingstone's Work in Africa. Authentic accounts that have reached us of Dr. David Living stone's explorations in Africa promise most important results. The long-standing reproach of geographers, that they knew less of the grand equatorial continent than the telescope has revealed of the moon, is apparently wiped off. But this is the least that Dr. Liv ingstone has effected by his re markable patience and energy. Certainly the pride of our savans may be humbled, when they learn that the sources of the Nile lie just where Ptolemy said they were to be found two thousand years ago. TWhether the great explorer has really found the head waters of the Nile or not, he has found 10deg. or 12deg. south of the equator twventy-three large Afri can rivers and has effectually opened up a way to them and to the conutry they drain. Such a discovery is no small matter. Twenty-three streams flowing to the north and bearing water enough to fill the bed of the maj estic Egyptian river, besides filling several vast lakes as Tauganyika and Chowanmbe, indicate acountry of abounding moisture and fertil ity, and highly elevated and salu brious. We have here an entrance for commerce and Christianity into the heart of one of the grand est continents of the globe. The western coast of -Africa is com paratively salubrious. Mr. Du Chaillu tells us, and its tempera ture remarkably uniform. A sin gle railroad or canal bringing together this coast and the inte rior, now opened up by the labors ofLivingstone, would pour into our markets a tide of wealth of which we have little dreamed. The productions of Africa, when realized through the advances that are being made ino its hith erto unknown wilds, 111 not be the spoil of Europe alone. Our commercial position gives us, es pecially with an Isthmian canal, the full benefit of any future South African trade. For, from near the Cape of Good Hope, in a di rect line to the equator, on the meridian of Cape St. Roque, nature has made the finest sea route on the Atlantic; and so cer tain and regular are the winds which sweep the American trader homeward, that sailors have call ed this track the "Gulf Stream in the Air." The great results that may be looked for from the Suez Canal, the opening up of the Af rican continent to the enterprise of the world, and our improving relations with China and Japan, may go a great way toward the solution of the Darien Canal ques tion, and the revival and exten sion of American commeree.--N. iY. Times. NEGno ETIGRATION SOUTH wARD.-The Virginuia papers ad vise us of a remarkable migration of the colored people Southward. The demand for labor in the cot ton belt, and in the cane fields of Louisiana, is what is attracting them especially at the present time. The climate and industry of the more Southern States, how ever, are better adapted to them than those further North; they get better wages, and live more comfortably there, and the prob ability is that Virginia and North Carolina will soon lose most of their colored population. The Crown Princess of Prussia has shown of late frequent symp toms of insanity, Advertising =RV, Treaetent ewdteett meat. mn _ Card. of a e m will h elssrrý double a All meaulernme rd .at t"I sari . S ordeedrwtl be LCmuem will be ohatged ee whleequarme Oblta sad ab mUm me edvew~eaue SI60 to sev Sinper aaumt " misatbe AGEW¶5 t The following Agents ams entMsidei Se lei fee the TBLoaAFnz Tardrew Co: ......TwT, Wharton & Come McIntyre &Coo, ......... Frank Michansu .............s. John Janney................... The Richardson Aait. NEW YoaR, Dec. 8.--Recorde Hackett, in his charge to the grand jury to-day, concluded as follows: CHARGE TO THE GRAND J MUT. A very important case of em icide will come before you. It has, through various incldets, old accessories and extraordinary surroundings of men, women, at manners, deservedly att_~ be great public attention all tr the country. Your duty rte.. the alleged killing of the late Mx. Richardson by Mr. MoFarlag s a very simple one. Ifhe lii ot sound memory and discrf~ til to use the old Saxon phrases, subject of homicide when he 4r'e the fatal shot then h'is a~q m murder; but. whether or . he was of sound memory and9 1sre tion, will become a que+t ii for the petit jury, audit is anotafiit .fr province. Your duty..os.4 amew taiu if the allegations be teue,bhat McFarland fired the ahot .w&m caused Richarson's death. L I should be derelibt- in sl '. charge of my fknetionememaaAii ted conservateref thbs. ag morals in this oourtf.lr m reference tosome th.f following the act' wiic q ted in the homicideU jif s i to. In vain shall condt elt et influential newspapers, andaflt ing to be moral lea4ers,.btneally affectthe community if they ma vert their homes into free-love*y lums; in vain shall ministei* of the gospel be heard when eai4t$a ing publio men as welt as weamng private parishioners if they arel lowed universally to give b ;s - tions to bigamy, or to .ono t lechery by prayer* at the b1i of death. If there has beIr~~ committed, or aided or abed' any person, no matter how dieta ted in life they may be, f investigate the matter; and avp at the fact of probable guilt, promptly indict. One of the young bloods of St. Louis went down to the edgpof Arkansas on business. iee down there he went to a patty, and while at the party daneed often, and became very famaiIar with the wife of one of the settlers. Rackensack stood it as long qa be could, but finally becoming en raged, be walked up to the blod and said : "Look here, mister, that's my wife you're daneaig with." " Well, what of it-?" aid the blood. "Why this; you dawen. with her again, and I'll blow the top of your head off." "Now, look here," said the blood coolly, "do you see that umbrella sitting there ?" "Well, s'pose I do 9" "Well, you handle that umbrella; you touch that umbrella; you even look at that umbrella, and I'll ram it down your throat-and I'll spread it!" Rackensack "scoot ed." State, on the relation of etc., against James R. Head.-This case comes up a second time, being on appeal from a judgment against the defendant. The excep tions, that the petition being ad dressed to the Hon. Jno. L. L*ewt, was not addressed to a competent judge, and that the place of resi deuce of the defendant is not mentioned in the petition, are without merit. It is unnecessary, ruled the Court, Howe J., to take up the other exceptions. Wo think there was error in the Judge below refusing to allow a trial hs jury. The act of 1858 deprives the defendant of a general right to ajury, as according to the 18th section, we apprehend the mean ing to be that the cause may he tried in chambers if neither parlty asks fora jury, but it is necessaery to appoint a special term when the regular term is not in session. Judgment appealed from rever sed. Gen. Clanton recently thrashed M~eKinstry, who used to be Bragg's provost Marshal at Atlanta. MeK. has become a negro-suffrage Rad ical, and is kicked out of decent society by Olanton, Ifbrevity is the soul of wit, what a vast amount of ftn is in the tastof a-fashionable coat.