1i3Li3nS SVERY ATiURDAY AT
ROIROB OIUACHITA PAISiBE LA ;
Q. Wr. aLoclR A. IXE.
]pL)IT .tAfl PROPR1ETOR
Termau of Subscription.
sto timewLag wae os e subrcptton will be rigidly
aedee to s a ll easee
lme 0pP. om ao ye. - - - -. . 300
Ome opyT. nix monthr - - - 2,00
aiggle opl - -* - 10 ceate.
Aiylersn misedlg Us flve new enah subaoribors,
b s iesms Peat eMiee will be entitled to a copy of
'tum Tairaeasa" gratis, for one year.
L'W Subsoriptien price onariably in advance. .A
Tariff or Advertising Rates.
&dvert4wents will be inserted at One Dollar and
if9ty Cents pet suare of one inch of space, or iess,
for the fle. t.edSev4enty-fiveCents for edh snhbse
qgent .inerteon. for any time under one month. For
oagerperiods as elilows :
fro 1o a in. j1t mo. $ moO 3 mornus mn i" mon
o'"............. .:. 3 75 7 10 9 13 0'l 23 00
Twe .............* 7 5: 12 00 151 2200 30 00
*bee ............ II 11 0 17 0), 23 0) 3) 0) 4J 00
FWer ........... .I. 15 00 22 k;:c 26 o( 38 0u 50 00
Ten ( Column)... o000 45 01 55 0s 75 00100 00
Fif'teen ( Culnmn.) 45 00 62 5 75 01 tOo , 114,1 O
Two y.u-oe (3 COL)J 55 00 25 t1 90 IL 135 0.012a0 0
C AN.b faund at his office over the Drug
Matsh 8, 1960. n24:10m
Da. R. D. WHIY'T'E
AS reeneed the practice of Medicine
and offers his services to the citizens of
Treaton and vicinity.
Oice ever the Drug Store.
Janaar? 80,'68 IV
Ors. Ialderwood & Richardson,
llAVI a eaolated themselves in the practice of
- Maditne and Surgery, offer their serlices to
"L. *ija.5 of Monroe and vicinity. Thry can
he fSsa4 when not professionally eagaged. at their
4r. oepo'sei te a Catholio Church, at all hours, day
ttentioan given to Chronie Surgical
elreejae ts AIS. T9n37:chrv340: Iv
rm esat en all the courts of the 12th Judi
iteAlAM eARRTT. FItANKLIN GARRETT.
QL1RR.ETT & GARRET'T,
ATTORNEYS AT LA W
ornar Woondsnd St. John Streets.
(Oppeolte 3eeerder's Office,)
aJr.. ........................Lou'sA xa .
Aegess . 18S. n46-tf
A. L. SLACK,
MON ROE, LA.
MCE in the Parish and Distriet Courts as
--ahela 1psris. Moaroe; Morehouse Parish,
aetrep; Fraaklin Pariah. WVinnsboro.
-are. l g. fa. 18t 5:17
,. ICeaAansxo . JAi. D. McIt;aNr.
RICUARDSON & :IcENERY,
At ttorne $ at La.-v,
SUL&CTIC3 ta all the parishee of North T.onliana.
_S .b"e ngarrma Corrt at Monro. the Federal
at., sad i the Land Offoi Department of the
eal Gvaerament. -19-t
eas3 ar'ansu . . D. M'ENIERY.
J. & S. D. MCeENERY,
l &OTrIC in the Parish and Distriot Courts of
COa.hite, Mi rhouse. Fronklin Richilaud. Calh
wal ana Catbhonla Parishes, in the Supreme Court
as Mearoe. and U. S. Courts.
parti Olarattenltion paid to buinetss in the
J6s Omee at Mearroe, and the Land OfUic l)..aprt
wstatf the General Oovernmont. no i:tf.
e. M. MOfRISOs. W. W. FARMER.
Merrlson & Farmer,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Will practice in the Parish and District
Ceorta is the Parishes of Ouachita, piurehoce,
Fraphlie, Caldwell, and Union.
Ald in the Suoremi Court of Louisiana
and in the United States Courts.
.v rP.ernaa.l a. . COBB.
5W333BD B @033uSO
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
Will practice in the Courts of the 12th Jutti
call District, composed of the parishes of More.
house, Oaachita, Caldwell, Catahoula and
And also In the Parishes of Jackson and
Unioa. v4 n32
3. Wite Rsamed. - dobt. H. Jentison
oX W a r don, t .re ..............n cd...... . . . .
,tICee RDSOaS S JE.tIISO at,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Ind ine the Courts of Catahonla, Cailwoll,
a iLdal Ouechita. Mlorelonse, Itichiatnd, Carroll
=Ud= - E o. s the Supreme Cet t, of Louiniama,
lh patted States Courts and in the Land Otlice
Osmrtmetst of the Government. Special attention
e4 te the ieellesttoa Of claims. marlO-n c25
H TAINrGpN determined to settle permanently
II ii Monroe for-the purpose of practicing
1hyproteslon, I can be foind at my office
-eeitt'e the south-east corner of the public
e-a.-e. in tlbs house lately occupied by the
Land Ofice, at all hours. My family will live
In. the same building. Having had a very
mlare experience in all the different brant.hes
efmy prefeaion, the treating of children's
eaeth and all the diseases of the teeth of adults,
and the estrecting of teeth and arranging ar
-Sicia teeth; I feel justified in saying that I
am prepared to do anything in any department
et my pIofesion as well as can be done any
wher, e and at veaa0 -ble prices.
hln. iS,+ 1869). n] 5.:./
"ENGAGED IN THE DEFENSE OF AN HONORABLE CAUSE, I WOULD TAKE A DECISIVE PART."-JvEAis.
Vol. . VMONROE, LOUISIANA, JANUARYF 1, i8?'O. No. l.
TR CNTUN ----------g-! ------------OT--EL
STRENTON . HOTEL
a JOEKX NOIrBlAE,- . rPaOPRIETOR
0 THE above fonse, recently erected and newly
0 furnished, is now open to 'he public. The Pro.
Sprietor iengages to do all in his power to rendea
0 guests comfortable and contented while under hlie
Sroof. His Bill of Fare will be kept fully up to the
u market and other accommodations maintained in a
Sstyle that will insure satisfaction.
A liberal patronage is rspectfully solicit
Trenton La.. Jatn. 20.1867. 2nl
(COe:NER OF DESaIAUD & THIRiD STREaT,)
S MO NROE, LA.
J. L. I. HUNSICKEIR, Proprietor.
rplg above named Hotel so long and tfavorably
I known throughout the country has been refitted
and newly furnihed, and is now complete in every
The ]Proprietor ledlges himself to spare no efforts
to make all comfortablu who may favor Linm with
their patronage. a: it
(Opposite C atiolic Church and Female Academy,)
.71.. J. LE JIS, PtdPRIETOR.
'5'.lE Proprietor, formerly of the OL'AIIITTA
iR IOUSE, informs the public that the
large and commodio's residence of Col.
ltobt. Richardson has been purchased .
and handsomely furnished, and is now
complete in every particular, as a First Class Hotel
Amplo au commodations, good lare, and conven
eat location. Board reasonable n28
TO LEAS t-,
'Ije Railraab gjotcl.
THE RAII.ROAD HOTEL, situated upon
the corner of Do Siard ani Walnut
streets; Monroe, La., is now offbred for lease
for one year, and perhaps more, dating from
the Istday of January, 1870.
The location of this Hotel is central, being
) convenient uo the business portion of town
adtn within three hundred feet of the river
It c(omprises TWENTY FIVE ROOMS, and
, will be leased with a complete outfit of bed
room and dining-room furniture. An excel
lent garden, with out-buildings, is attached to
the grounde. Apply to
IH. KING, Monroe I.a
Oct.30, 1869. n6;9t
Ouachita Female Academy.
SHIE FALL SESSION of this Instit'ition
will open on the Third .lMonday of Sep
'ember The Iector will be assi-ted by an entire
,ewv crps of efficient and experieniced teach
ors; he, therefore, assures the public, that no
elfort wil! bb spared on the part of himselfand
assistani.s, to render the Academy worthy of
he confidence and support of all who advo
cate a th:,rough and liberal course of edupa
For firther infornmation, apply for a catalogue
REV. T. B. LAW\VSON, RECTOR.
.1, nrce, La., Aug. 18, 1869. n47: tf
BATON ROUGE , LA. Founded and
supported by the State of Louisiana. For
D F. BOYD,
Baton Rouge, La.,Oct. 30 1869. ult8;ly
lthnroe iL3rIlanirs f Vrtisaun.
.SAIDLE AND rlAR1IES~
I RESPECTFULIY inform my friends and
i the public generally, that I am prepared to
and everything in my line. I have a good stock
I of materials on hand which I will sell at Rea
February 3, 1869. n20:tf
ED\VtRD BUIRNETT. CIHAS. DONELLY.
BURNETT & DONELLY
]BRICKLAYERS AND BUILDERS,
AVING permanently located in Mlonroe,
offer their services to the people of the
town and vicinity, in the erection of houses
ihimneys, walls, tombs, monuments, &e.
Materials will be turnished upon reasonable
terms. when desired, and at short notice.
October 16, 1869. n4 ly
1 T.erchs.nt Tailor,
I NFORMS The public that he has opened
I an establishment at the old Hemker stand
on Grand street nearly opposite the Courthouse.
'lothing nmade to order on short notice, and
Lin the latest style. A good fit guaranteed.
Particular attention paid to wedding suits.
Cutting, cleaning and rep'-iring at reasonablse
prices. Give me a trial.
Decisions of Supreme Court.
State ex rel. A. J. Oliver vs. IT.
0. 1Vrilmoth, Governor, et al., the'
State Intervenor-Appeal from the
Sixth District Court of New Or
leans.-Taliaferro J.: This is an
appeal from a judgment dismis
sing the intervention and render
ing peremptory a nandanmus issued
upon the application of the
relators against the Governor of
the State, to compel him to exe
cute and deliver to them. forty
eight State bonds, in payment of
certain public work authorized to
be done by act of the Legislature
of 8th September, 1868, entitled
"an act to provide for the improve
ment of the navigation of Red
Defendants contend that the
court has no power to compel, by
mandamus, the Governor to per
form acts within the sphere of his
department. Defendants also al
lege the unconstutionality of the
act of the Legislature under which
the relators demand the bonds.
The constutionality of the act
cannot be inquired into in this
The only inquiry is as to the
power and authority of the court
to order, by writ ot mandamus,
the performance by the Governor
of the acts required by the law to
be done by hitm. In the organi
zation of the Government, three
separate bodies of magistracy are
established-the _ legislative, the
executive and the judicial.
It was intended that the fmuc
tions of these co-ordinate branches
should be conjointly exercised,
but that the functions of each
should be separately and distinct
ly exercised, within its own sphere,
and as far as practicable inde
pendently of those of the other
branches. \either branch is per
mitted to exercise the powers ap
propriately belonging to another.
The Governor must be presum
ed to have the discretion and the
right of deciding what acts his
duties require him to perform;
otherwise his functions would be
trameled, and the executive
branch of the Government made
subservient to the judiciary.
There is error in the order of
the court below, rendering the
Judgment reversed, the writ of
mandamus set aside, and relators
to pay costs in both courts.
State on the relation, etc.,
against John L. Lewis, Judge of
the Eleventh Judicial District of
Louisiana.-This suit is brought
under the intrusion act against
John L. Lewis, claiming the right
of exercising the duties of Dis
trict Judge of the Eleventh Dis
trict. The defendant appealed
from a judgment of the District
Court, divesting him of the office.
The Court, Taliaf'erro, Judge,
overruled the motion to dismiss
the appeal, affirmed the decision
of the lower court in overruling
the bills of exceptions, and con
cluded in a decision upon the
naked merits of the case, which
affirmed that the Judge was dis
qualified from holding his posi
tion. The point made is: "That
the defendant held in the State of
Georgia the position of Solicitor
General, and was a member of
the State Legislature, in which
office having taken oath to sup
port the Constitution of the Uni
ted States," he subsequently
engaged in the rebellion, and
hence the disabilities incurred by
the third section of the fourteenth
aamenudment have not yet beoen re
movedl. The Court pronouncing
upou oaths,justitiedthe strong pre
sumption that, as a member of the
(eorgia Legislature, the defen
dant took an oath to support the
Constitution of the United States,
nothing is offered to rebut the
presumptions, therefore the judg
ment of the Court below is correct.
A number of gentlemen of
wealth and influence, we learn,
have organized a subscription to
raise sufficient funds to present
Jeff. Davis with a plantation,
whereon he can spend the bal
ance of his days without having
recourse to politics or a sinecure
for his maintenance and that of
his family. The object is one
which we applaud heartily, and
we are happy to learn that it is
almost, if not entirely, accom
The True System of Farming.
Trying to do too much is a
common error into which the
farmer often falls. His great ea
gerness in striving to be rich is,
doubtless, the cause of his error.
lie is ambitious and energetic,
and forms his plans on a large
scale, too often, perhaps, wit bout
counting the cost. He buys a
large farm and wants to be called
a "large farmer," without under
standing or considering the true
elements that constitute a real
farmer. lie fancics the greatness
of that profession, as is too often
the common estimate, to be in
proportion to the number of acres,
not to say cultivated, embraced
within .the boundaries of his do
main. The fact is now being
spread abroad, that a large farm
does not make a man either, rich
contented or happy, but on the
contrary, the reverse of all these,
unless well tilled, when his labor
is rewarded by ample crops and
fair success in the various depart
ments in which he is engaged.
No farmer can realize the full
benefits ot his profession without
adopting a thorough system of
culture. His success, commensu
rate to his wishes, always de
pends upon the manner -in which
he prepares his grounds, plants
his seed, and rears his stock.
Neither of these departments,
which may be considered the car
dlinal ones of his profession, will
take care of themselves. The
soil may be rich, but it needs cul
ture. His seed may be sown, but
it should be in due time, and al
ways on soil well prepared, and
of a suitable quality for the pro
duction of the crop desired. His
stock must be constantly cared
for-it derives its thrift from the
soil, and sends again to that soil
the sustenance it requires; but
this is not done in a loose or hap
hazard way. The farmer's care is
required, and all his better judg
ment must be exercised in keep
ing up this system of reciprocal
benefits that may be realized by
every intelligent and industrious
Thorough cultivation and sys
tematic attention to all parts of
his business is indispensable to a
good degree of success. The
very corner stone to this whole
system of farming, is to do what
you do thoroughly-nature will
not be cheated, and never give
full returns to the half way work
that is practiced by vastly too
many calling themselves farmers.
If the land has been worn, the
extent of that exhaustion and the
food required must be first con
sidered. When ascertained,. the
full measure of these requireo
muents must be given, to bring out
full returns. If the farmer has
but a small amount of manure to
replenish his land, it is obvious
that but a small trin canm be sup
plied with it; and good judgmeint
at once dictates that to cultivate
lproperly :a) large farm, artificial
fertilizers must be used if good
crops are obtained. And so much
with the labor; two men cannot
suitably till one hundred acres of
land, when the labor of two, andl
perhaps four, might be profitably
employed on seveuty-five acres.
This is the great error in farm
ing. Two men strive to (do what
four can hardly do, and thus thou
sainds of acres are run over, half
tilled, and producing half crops.
The land is run over till worn out,
sustaiuingg year after year, the
unnatural tax, till its energies are
entirely exhausted, and it fails to
yield even a feeble crop, because
its life is worn out. Much of the
soil in V'irgiuia and other South
ern States is a type of this.
Thousands of acres are entirely
useless and exhausted,, and will
ever remain so, till the first ele
mnents of its power are ,returned
to it. This process is going on
in Imany of the Western States.
The soil is treated like an inex
haustible mine; the tillers crying
give, give, give! till in a few
years it will have nothing to give.
The boast of the West is, large
farms and large fields of grain;
plow, sow and reap is the busi
ness of Western farmers, drawing
out the very life of the soil, send
ing it away in the heavy exports
that are constantly going onward,
without ret rning to the soil the
food it requires to make it pro
The light that is being spread
on this subject is beginning to
correct this practice to some ex
tent, but in most instances very
little is returned to the soil to
keep it alive, till after several
years of continual cropping it
manifests signs of exhaustion and
ultimate barrenness. When tillers
of the soil understand their true
interests, they will cultivate no
more land than they can do well.
Fifty acres of land for tillage,
brought to a high state of culti
vation, pays better than one hun
dred run over in the way that
many do.-Jefferson .'armer.
Livingstone's Work in Africa.
Authentic accounts that have
reached us of Dr. David Living
stone's explorations in Africa
promise most important results.
The long-standing reproach of
geographers, that they knew less
of the grand equatorial continent
than the telescope has revealed of
the moon, is apparently wiped off.
But this is the least that Dr. Liv
ingstone has effected by his re
markable patience and energy.
Certainly the pride of our savans
may be humbled, when they learn
that the sources of the Nile lie
just where Ptolemy said they
were to be found two thousand
TWhether the great explorer has
really found the head waters of
the Nile or not, he has found
10deg. or 12deg. south of the
equator twventy-three large Afri
can rivers and has effectually
opened up a way to them and to
the conutry they drain. Such a
discovery is no small matter.
Twenty-three streams flowing to
the north and bearing water
enough to fill the bed of the maj
estic Egyptian river, besides filling
several vast lakes as Tauganyika
and Chowanmbe, indicate acountry
of abounding moisture and fertil
ity, and highly elevated and salu
brious. We have here an entrance
for commerce and Christianity
into the heart of one of the grand
est continents of the globe. The
western coast of -Africa is com
paratively salubrious. Mr. Du
Chaillu tells us, and its tempera
ture remarkably uniform. A sin
gle railroad or canal bringing
together this coast and the inte
rior, now opened up by the labors
ofLivingstone, would pour into
our markets a tide of wealth of
which we have little dreamed.
The productions of Africa, when
realized through the advances
that are being made ino its hith
erto unknown wilds, 111 not be
the spoil of Europe alone. Our
commercial position gives us, es
pecially with an Isthmian canal,
the full benefit of any future South
African trade. For, from near
the Cape of Good Hope, in a di
rect line to the equator, on the
meridian of Cape St. Roque,
nature has made the finest sea
route on the Atlantic; and so cer
tain and regular are the winds
which sweep the American trader
homeward, that sailors have call
ed this track the "Gulf Stream in
the Air." The great results that
may be looked for from the Suez
Canal, the opening up of the Af
rican continent to the enterprise
of the world, and our improving
relations with China and Japan,
may go a great way toward the
solution of the Darien Canal ques
tion, and the revival and exten
sion of American commeree.--N.
NEGno ETIGRATION SOUTH
wARD.-The Virginuia papers ad
vise us of a remarkable migration
of the colored people Southward.
The demand for labor in the cot
ton belt, and in the cane fields of
Louisiana, is what is attracting
them especially at the present
time. The climate and industry
of the more Southern States, how
ever, are better adapted to them
than those further North; they
get better wages, and live more
comfortably there, and the prob
ability is that Virginia and North
Carolina will soon lose most of
their colored population.
The Crown Princess of Prussia
has shown of late frequent symp
toms of insanity,
Treaetent ewdteett meat. mn _
Card. of a e m
will h elssrrý double a
All meaulernme rd .at t"I sari .
S ordeedrwtl be LCmuem
will be ohatged ee whleequarme
Oblta sad ab mUm me
SI60 to sev Sinper aaumt " misatbe
The following Agents ams entMsidei Se lei fee
Tardrew Co: ......TwT,
Wharton & Come
McIntyre &Coo, .........
Frank Michansu .............s.
The Richardson Aait.
NEW YoaR, Dec. 8.--Recorde
Hackett, in his charge to the
grand jury to-day, concluded as
CHARGE TO THE GRAND J MUT.
A very important case of em
icide will come before you. It
has, through various incldets,
old accessories and extraordinary
surroundings of men, women, at
manners, deservedly att_~ be
great public attention all tr
the country. Your duty rte..
the alleged killing of the late Mx.
Richardson by Mr. MoFarlag s
a very simple one. Ifhe lii ot
sound memory and discrf~ til to
use the old Saxon phrases,
subject of homicide when he 4r'e
the fatal shot then h'is a~q m
murder; but. whether or . he
was of sound memory and9 1sre
tion, will become a que+t ii for
the petit jury, audit is anotafiit .fr
province. Your duty..os.4 amew
taiu if the allegations be teue,bhat
McFarland fired the ahot .w&m
caused Richarson's death. L
I should be derelibt- in sl '.
charge of my fknetionememaaAii
ted conservateref thbs. ag
morals in this oourtf.lr m
reference tosome th.f
following the act' wiic q
ted in the homicideU jif s i
to. In vain shall condt elt et
influential newspapers, andaflt
ing to be moral lea4ers,.btneally
affectthe community if they ma
vert their homes into free-love*y
lums; in vain shall ministei* of
the gospel be heard when eai4t$a
ing publio men as welt as weamng
private parishioners if they arel
lowed universally to give b ;s -
tions to bigamy, or to .ono t
lechery by prayer* at the b1i of
death. If there has beIr~~
committed, or aided or abed'
any person, no matter how dieta
ted in life they may be, f
investigate the matter; and avp
at the fact of probable guilt,
One of the young bloods of St.
Louis went down to the edgpof
Arkansas on business. iee
down there he went to a patty,
and while at the party daneed
often, and became very famaiIar
with the wife of one of the settlers.
Rackensack stood it as long qa be
could, but finally becoming en
raged, be walked up to the blod
and said : "Look here, mister,
that's my wife you're daneaig
with." " Well, what of it-?" aid
the blood. "Why this; you dawen.
with her again, and I'll blow the
top of your head off." "Now, look
here," said the blood coolly, "do
you see that umbrella sitting
there ?" "Well, s'pose I do 9"
"Well, you handle that umbrella;
you touch that umbrella; you
even look at that umbrella, and
I'll ram it down your throat-and
I'll spread it!" Rackensack "scoot
State, on the relation of etc.,
against James R. Head.-This
case comes up a second time,
being on appeal from a judgment
against the defendant. The excep
tions, that the petition being ad
dressed to the Hon. Jno. L. L*ewt,
was not addressed to a competent
judge, and that the place of resi
deuce of the defendant is not
mentioned in the petition, are
without merit. It is unnecessary,
ruled the Court, Howe J., to take
up the other exceptions. Wo
think there was error in the Judge
below refusing to allow a trial hs
jury. The act of 1858 deprives
the defendant of a general right
to ajury, as according to the 18th
section, we apprehend the mean
ing to be that the cause may he
tried in chambers if neither parlty
asks fora jury, but it is necessaery
to appoint a special term when
the regular term is not in session.
Judgment appealed from rever
Gen. Clanton recently thrashed
M~eKinstry, who used to be Bragg's
provost Marshal at Atlanta. MeK.
has become a negro-suffrage Rad
ical, and is kicked out of decent
society by Olanton,
Ifbrevity is the soul of wit,
what a vast amount of ftn is in
the tastof a-fashionable coat.
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