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VOLUME XIV. MONROE, LOUISIANA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, 1879. NUMBER 18
THE TELEGRAPH: Pabllhe. every Friday ,T MONROE. OUACHITA PARII ,. LA. .. wTi. Sa canadarESR. Editor and Proprietor. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. (,Oe copy, oneyear ............................. 4, -ne copy, six months ......................... 5.60 ADVANOS 3A7aSM ,:fne copy, one year............... ............3,-J One copy, six month .........................-9.00 TARIFF OF ADVERTISING RATEB. Advertisements will be lnserted at one dollar and fifty cents per square (one inch ot space or lesm) for the first, and seventy five cents for each subsequent insertion,fbr any time under one m6nth. For longer perlods as follows : Nu anausaa es. 1 9m. Sm.6m. ism. One ........................ l * = I s I Two ........................ 8 50 1 1 30 -5 Three.....................11000 15 17 18 s1 Four...................118.....100 2 2 8 45 Five............... ........ 1 00 5m 2l 3 40 =0 Ton(3oe ....... .70 0 Fifteen( eoL) ..... 40 30O 190 Twenty-one (t e.).. 50 00 85 15 175 Cards of a personal ecaraeter-when ad missible-will be charged double our regu lar advertising rates. Obituary and Marriage noties will be charged as advertisements. Anyperson sending u five new eash sub scribers, at the same post-omice, will be en titled to a copy of Tarm TALGomAI gratis for one year. ADVERTISING REGULATIONS. Transient advertisements must be paid for in advance. All advertisements sent to this ofice when not otherwise ordered, will be in aerted "itil forbid" and charged acordtagy. Editorial business notices will be made, free of charge, of all advertisements ordered in the paper; for other editorial notices a charge of 25 cents per line will be mde. PROFUSSIONAL CARDS. a. 0. coas. A. A. n4UMT. Cobb & Gunby, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, MONROE, LA. A * Aug. 2, 1878, 46 tf. Dr. Wam. eandel T tENDERS his services as Physician and I Surgeon, to the public. Hean be fhund upon his plantation, four miles below Mon roe. March 11, 1874. i-ly R. 3. TODD. DAVID TODD. Tedd s Te4d, ATTORNEYi AT LAW, MONROE)&,"LA. December 7. 1877. MONROE, L. N. Polk, ARIh SURVEYOR, Ouachita parish draughtin promptly cttended to. Trm cash. April 12, 178. Joha T. Ladolag, A TORNEY AT LAW, MONROE, LA. will practice in the State and Federsl Courts in Loulsiana, and in the Snupreme Court at Washington City. 11:3m Dr. It. C. 8trother, OFFERS his services to the citisens of Monroe and vicinity. Office: Corner of Grand and Wood streets, on bank of the river. August 24, 1877. v8-n41 FPnAR IaTUIIeD. JNO. a. sTOsE. Stabbe k Eteaoe, ATTORN .YS AT LAW, Monr, La., Office in Henry Kindermnsann's build Itng, upstairs, on DeSiard street. October 2. 1874. tf. Frankln Garrett, ATTORNEY AT LAW, MONROE, LA. Lands for sale and rent in the par isnos of Ouachita, Morehouse and Richbland, including desirable farms. Special atten tion to real estate titles. Communications solicited from parties to buy, sell or rent lands and houses. Enquiries promptly answered. Correspondents in all the States. December 6, 1878. ly Dr. Thes, Y. Aby, MONROE, LA., OFFICE on DeSiard street, at the nlter section of First, in the rear room of building formerly oooupied by A. J. Keller January 6, 1876, ly R. W. RICHARDSON. C. . nOATNS.l Rlehakrde 4 Beatmer, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT Law Monroe, L. will practice in all the Parishes of Northi Louisiana, in the Supreme Court at Monroe, the Federal Courts, and in the Land Offce Department of the General Government. Office fronting northeast corner of public square. January 3, 1878. Ue, A. 1. Shelase. MONROE, LA., OFFERS his professional services to the citizens of Monroe. Office in his Drug Store on DeSiard street. September 24, 1876. ly. R. RICHARDSON. a. D. Mr'NBYT. $Relhardsoa D I emaery ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Monroe, La., will practice in all the parishes of North Louisiana, the Supreme Court of the ate, the Federal Courts, and in the Land Alice Department of the General Govern. ment. January 11, 1878. Dentilsry. DR.S.L. BERACEY, Dentist, respecltfully offers his professional services to the citizens of Monroe and surrounding coun try. Having an experience of fourteen years in the practice, he feels confident of giving satisfaction in all branches of his profession. Is willing to warrant all work. Ofice at residence on Jackson street, near the Female Academy, Monroe, La. v7-marl8:ly TALBOT STILLMAN, ATTOQN Y AT 4 44W, 4MONROE, LA. Will practice in the Parish and District Courts of North Louisiana. Will attend these courts in person. Will give special attention to Land Offce natters connected with the Laud Office at Monroe. Will give to all business immediate at tention and abundant care. Will answer all co mnUllunictions with the east pos1siblo (lelay. August 10, 1 177. ly jTOS APRINTING.I JOB OFFICE. :o: We are prepared Lo exeoul. -JOB PRINTING, FROM THE MAMMOTH POSTER TO THE WEDDINO CARD. PLAIN. ORNAMENTAL. AND .FANCY PsIITIrI , a GUCH AS POSTERS, HAND-BILIS, PLACARDSB, SCIRULARS, BILL-HEADS, BRIEFS, PROGRAMMeB, BILLS OF LADING, BLANK RECEIPTS, CATALOUG E8 LAW BLANKS, BALL TICKETB, PAMPHLETS, e':, he., Ac. ALSO CARD WORK OF EVERY VARIETY IN TES LAT3T AN~D MOBT APPROVED STYLE OF THE ART. or auer atu, coo, AND ON ANY QUALITY OF PAPER PRICE ACCORDIONGLY. MONROE ADVERTISEMENTS. NW ALHAIMBRA RESTAURANT Has been removed to the corner of St. John sad St. Ann street, in the rear of B. Bills' book tore, where I will be found at all hours, redy to serve my old customers and the public with the beat that Now Or leans and this market can afford. Oysters in every Style ; Fishk Crabs, Shrimp, Game, And everything else to be found in a FIRST-CLASS RESTAURANT. I will give my personal attention to all who Call upon me and guarantee the best attentlon. G. C. ENSSMINGER. Monroe. October 6.1877. R TAIL FAMILY GROCERY STORE ALL GOODS FRESH, AND DIRECT FROM ST. LOUIS. I have opened, at the store formerly ooou pied by Chai. Saunders, a retail family gro ery, and ofer to the public a choic selec ttion of Family Grocerles, at lower prices, for the cash, than any house in Monroe. I solicit a share of the trade, and guarantee satasfaction. Mr. JAMa T. LawIs will be in charge of the business and attend to the demands of customers. U. W. PIERCE. Monroe, Oct. 2, 1877. SOUTHERN CARRIAGE FACTORY. The nnderalgned takes pleasure In making known that he is now as well prepared as before the war, if not better, to do all kinds of work, either in .Masselestis or Repairtssp CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, HACKS, ETC Beady made work kept on hand; speci mens of which may be seen by calling at the Factory. Ise will also carry on a general lackamit shZop arranged to do all kinds of blackamitrain. Terma reasonable. April 2 1860. n30-- FR. ENDOM. MONROE BAKERY, DaStARD STREET, H. PETZOLD, Proprietor. Families supplied with bread made of the best flour. Ca ee of every kind kept for sale, or made to order. FANCY GROCERIES,TOBACCO,CIGARS, Freits, Ceafetleaon, Ae., Kept in stock and will be sold at the lowest market price. October 6.1877. ly PELICAN SALOON, Grand Street, Pierce's Old Stand, W. H. FERRY, Proprietor. Where the public will always find the very best variety of liquors and drinks servad up in style by an old and experi enced ba-tender. He offers Fana LfrL·c every day as an extra inducement to the public, from 11 o'clock a. m. to 8 o'clock . in., consisting of Hot Seasoned Soups; Roast Beef, Salads, etc. Price of one drink, inclusive of Lunch, only IAc. Ho respect fully solicits a liberal share of the patron age of the public. Monroe, January 25, 1878. DIEDOLD SAFE AND LOCK CO., CANTON, OHIO. N. B. MILTON, AGENT, MONROE, LA. Safes sold for less money than by any one traveling, on tine, or for a heavy tdis count for cash. Guns, pistols and sewing machines re paired on short notice by N. B. MILTON, 1l:tf Rills' News Depot. Successor to Invites the attention of the public to his entirely new and elegant stock of SGOLD AND SILVER WATCIHES, .......... ............... ......... ....... .............. : CLOCKS, JEWELRY, DIAMONDS AND PRECIOUS STONES. Also a full and extensive line of SOID STERLING SILVER AND PLATED WARE. Watches RIepaired, Diamonds Reset, AND NEV ORLEANS. January 3, 1879. 31um W e A. PEALE, COTTO.N FA CTOR AND OCEN'ERSAL AO3IMI ON MRIIS[A . ", No. 52 UNION STREET, NE'IV OLrLES. Lurnish good board anesd attention for sur mgcal patlents at the Orlans firnary, 1 anal t., of whleh h is oe of the plroiri eiors. 12-1in TILE EXPENSIVE SENATE. "Vhy Uncle Snan Groans--LeRnons and sugar. [Brooklyn Eagle.] The Secretary of the Senate has made his annual report to that body. A careful examination of the items of ex penditure contained therein shows that the spirit of economy practiced by the House has not yet prevaded the north wing of the Capitol. Among a few of the miscellaneous articles for which the Government has to pay are pocket books worth from $1 to $8.70 a piece, pocket-knives costing $21.79 per dozen, rubber corkscrews at $4.50 per dozen, visiting cards printed from plate, au tograph albums worth from eighty-five cents to $1.25 a piece, Mark Twain scrap-books, mourning cards, six brass castors for chairs in the Senate cham ber cost $18, gum camphor costing 830 has been purchased, dozens of gallons of bay rum and cologne, bottles of castor oil, French blacking, combs, brushest ice, etc., are frequent Items in the list. Shaving materials, Pinaud's soap, toilet bottles, Brown's ginger, olive oil, and, in fact, an assortment of articles sufficient to thoroughly equip a fancy store, have been bought by the Secretary for the use of the Senate. One dozen of Martinique snuff cost $10. The Senate generously allowed $100 compensation to T. A. Jones, an em. ployee, for injuries received while re pairing the Senate elevator. Mr. Jones was incommoded for nearly a week by his injuries. Eight lunches for the Committee on Appropriations cost $120, and six boxes of lemons and 120 pounds of sugar were required to mix the drinks. The cost of investigating the frivo lous charges against Senator Grover, of Oregon, and his alleged participation in electoral vote for Tilden, cost $10,217 34. James Redpath received $1,548 for services as clerk to the sub-commit tee. Redpath's chief business was to arrange the reports into a sensational manner, placing small cap head lines over those portions of the testimony taken which showed that the Demo. crats had terrorized the negroes. Sena tor Chrlstiancy informed the Eagle correspondent last winter that he re fused to sign the report simply because of the presence of Redpath's obnoxious head lines. Murphy, the Senate steno grapher, received $1,200 for compiling for publication the proceedings of the Electoral Commission. J. A. Burbaud, the confidential private secretary of the late Senator Morton, was. paid $12 a day for services as special clerk to the Committee on Privileges and Elections during the political investigations of 1876. George E. Bullock was paid $10 per day for forty-three days " for extra ser vices rendered Committee on Privileges and Elections while acting under Sen ate resolution of December 5, 1876, to investigate elections held in certain States, in examining, assorting, etc., certain telegraphic dispatches furnished said committee by the Western Union Telegraph Company, from January 21, to March 4, 1877, inclusive." There is a flavor of cipher telegranms in this item of expense. TIIE COLD WAVE. Causes, Extent and Efect of the Veatnther TVe've Bleen Hlavitg. [Philadeiphia Times.] The cold wave which reached the West and Northwest on the winter solstice, December 21, accompanied by a large fall of snow, was modified in this city and vicinity by warm winds from the south, which made it a day of snow, rain, fog, ice, sluch and storms. Since then the wind has been princi pally from the northwest, and, being deprived of a large portion of its heat by passing over vast areas of snow, the weather, to the great joy of dealers in ice and the venders of poultry and other articles likely to be injured by a mild temperature, has grown colder. On Monday morning the thermometer indicated 20 degrees above zero in some parts of this city, and on yesterday morning, in like exposure, 18 degrees. In Europe, and especially in England, the fall of snow has been unusually heavy, and in Canada and some parts of New York and the New England States the depth is three feet. The fall of so great a quantity of snow imme diately after a mild weather which preceded it is not common, and is due to climatic influences which might be traced across the Atlantic. If the cold weather which is now prcyailing should continue even to a late period in the spring the winter must be far shorter than the many which have preceded it. In thle winter of 183.5-36 the ground was covered with snow from the 25th of November till late in April, and on the 10th of that month a team loaded with two tons of iron crossed the West Branch of the Susquehanna on thle ice, and in 1874-756 the ground continued frozen from Thanksgiving Day to the last of MaItrch. Although severely cold weather is a cause of much suffering to t~e poor and increases the demands on the charitable by the diminution which it onuses of out-door labor, yet it is not without its sources of enjoyment and its benefits. Setting aside the pleasure and healthful exercise of skating, which the ice-covered streams afford to the young and those of larger growth, the ground Iby lt.in'g ulIsiy tfro,,,n is mnore open when spring arrives for the per meation of moisture, and is more rea dily penetrated by the roots of plants. As the temperature is generally higher when snow is falling than after it has been deposited, and, being a poor con ductor of heat, it protects the roots of plants from the injury which the ex pansion incident of freezing and thaw ing would produce. It is well known by every owner of a laundry that extreme cold produces evaporation almost as readily as ex treme heat, and vegetation unprotected by snow where exposed to a high degree of cold is deprived of moisture and per ishes. The almost eatire failure of the wheat crop in Pennsylvania in 1875 was due to this source. The cold was severe and long continued, but the fall of snow comparatively small. As a consequence the grain and grass be came dry and Itfeless, so much so that a field of winter grain set on fire by the sparks of a locomotive burnt with the rapidity of stubble. The severe cold of winter also aids in destroying the larvae of insects, and thus helps to keep in check one of the great sources of disappointment and loss to the husbandman. DISSECTING AN ELEPHANT. (N. Y. Sun, 28th ult.] Professors and students of the Colum bia Veterinary College, on Thursday morning, dragged the carcass of the baby elephant that died the day before in Central Park into their court yard. Then they prepared to hoist it to their dissecting room. The great weight of the animal alarmed them for the safety of their pullies and hoisting ropes, but reflection overcame this ditfficulty. At nightfall they had fitted up an incline plane, placed the animal upon it, and adjourned for the morrow's work. There gathered yesterday about the body, Prof. Spitzka, Dr. Finlay and a score of students. Before fixing the ropes and tackling, they stripped the monster of its skin, thereby saving the hoisting of a hundred pounds. Sling ing the body upon the table, the stu-. dents prepared for the autopsy. Two seniors, G. II. Borns and C. A. Meoyer, with a junior, went with sharpened knives at the abdomen, while Profs. Spitzka and Finlny cut and carved about the head. WVhen the examination was finished, Prof. Spitzka gave an explanation of the autopsy : "This animal was about two years old, and had not, of course, attained its full growth. Its weight was about 800 pounds. That spongy, honey combed looking bone contains the air chambers. You notice that there are two skulls. In the skull oC the ole phant that went mad in the Royal College of London, -100 bullets were embedded, yet only one of that num her caused death. The only way to death, in my opinion, when firing at the head, is through the eye. "Tlhis is the brain ; its weight is five pounds," the l'rofessor said. Placing a human brain beside it, lie continued: "The intellectual portion is well de veloped. The convolutions are more intricate than those of the human brain. The spinal cord is not so large as that of the horse. The trunk is rich with nerves and muscles. The eye is smaller than the horse's. The heart, you will notice, has two points; in that it differs from all other animals. This shape is seen in a marine mon ster, whose shape is somewhat like to that of the porpoise. The complex mass of muscle on Ithe neck, which supports the head, is most interesting. The direct cause of death was ipul monary congestion. The lungs were so congested that they sank in water." The hide was exhibited. The cover ing of the feet looked like large rubber shoes. The hide at this part is more than three-quartersof an inch in thick ness. " The Israelites," said the husbaInd of a model and economical housekeep er, " the Israelites may have had quails till they couldn't rest, and be gan to sigh for hash, but they were Jews and couldn't have pork in their stews, so I don't wonder. ult If the Israelites hind had roast turkey on Tuesday, and turkey warmed over on Wednesday, and cold turkey on Thurs day, and hashed turkey on Friday, and turkey-bone soup on Saturday, then they'd have kicked. However, I don't think she can get any thing more out of that turkey." A correspondent of the BJoston Transcript writes: "Please inform me of the origin and meaning of 'Iiobson's choice.' " The answer is: ,"The pro verb took its rise from Thomas Hlobson, an English stable-keeper of the Moven teenth century, who let his horses byy turn as they stoodl, never giving his patrons their choice. It was that or none, and hence calne the proverb, 'IHobson'.s choice.' " The fool withl the gun is ibro:li in the land at this season. The fool is neither versatile nor ingenius, but he is effective. I to either blows in the mnuzzlc to see it it is loaided, or pulls the guim to him lr, uzzle foremiost. Texas has 1701% convi('ts, of whom somne .504 are kept in pirison, siid the rest are hired out to work on railroads andl farms. One, unlergoing a life sentenc, is hired bIy hi- wif,', anml ljV,- comifritlnly :i i hb i,'. THE YELLOW FEVER EPIDEMIC. Conclusions of Dr. Choppin. The Yellow Fever Commission ap pointed by the two houses of Congress is in session in New Orleans. Dr. Choppin, President of the New Orleans Board of Health, submitted as the re suits of his observations during the late elpidemic in that city, the fol lowing : 1. Yellow fever is a ipecifie disease, not indigenous to or originating spon taneously in the United States, and its appearance in this country Is always due to a specific cause. 2. That the germ hypothesis of the infection of yellow fever is the only theory which explain satisfactorily to my mind the phenomena and spread of yellow fever, and the only one which leaves us a hope of relief from its future visitations. 3. The habitat or cradle of yellow fever is in the West Indies, in the At lantle and Gulf coasts of South America and of Mexico, and in South Africa. 4. That all the great epidemics of yellow fever In the United States, from the time of its first Introduction into Boston in 1093 to the present time, can be directly or remotely traced to a for eign country or to a foreign germ. 0. That it cannot be indigenous to any place where a freezing temperature is annually experienced. 0. That marsh miasm, city filth, or garbage have no agency in the creation of yellow fever; if the special matter or germ of yellow fever be not present, a corrupt atmosphere, however obnox ious otherwise, will not produce the pestilence. 7. If the germs of yellow fever be present, defective drains, cesspools, de composition of animal and vegetable matter, heat and moisture may become the potent distributors of the germs, and of epidemic disease and death. S. The infection of yellow fever once established in the body, this evil form of life must run Its course. 9. Medical science, as yet is power less to arrest its progress, and the great point to be arrived at Is to prevent its access to the.human body, on the sound doctrine of what we can't cure we must 10. The experience of the present year has fully demonstrated the efficacy of quarantine, when properly and faith fully administered, as In Galveston, Natchez, Shreveport, Monroe, in guard ing their inhabitants from the ravages of the pestilence. 11. There can be no mediocrity in the organization of a quarantine. If it does not Interpose an insurmountable barrier between the healthy and In fected localities, it is worse than useless. 12. Conditional quarantines cannot and will not be effective so long as cu pidity is an attribute to human nature. 13. Disinfection, although a valuable auxiliary agent in the prevention of yellow fever and cholera epidemics, cannot be entirely depended upon to attack such it powerful and subtle foe as yellow fever infection. .1i. The great object we have in view is to prevent the germs or somites of this dreaded pestilence from having access to our people; and the only cer mtim and surn preventive of yellow fever in my humble opinion, is absolute non intercoursc with ports where yellow fe ver is indigenous from the " first of May to the fitrst of November of cach year." 15. If the several Stains have not the power of preventing commercial non intercourse with foreign ports, impose such quarantine restrictions as the un loading of cargoes of incoming ships, subjecting thern to thorough fumigation and purification, with suitable appli ances for that purpose at the quarantine stations, and compel the vessels to re turn to sea without coming to our ports. Their outward cargoes could be taken to them by lighters or barges. 10. That a properly organized system of quarantine in New Orleans, so far from interfering with the interests, will prove really beneficial to its commer cial prosperity. 17. That the profits of our commerce with ports where yellow fever usually prevails for the summer months during which it is necessary to enforce quaran tine is not worth more than $1,500,000. 18. Pecuniary damage to New Or leans by an epidemic of yellow fever, on a money basis, without reference to our blasted hopes and ruined prospects, without considering the wholesale suf fering and death which are presented to us, is over twelve millions of dollars. Mr. A. 13. Farquhar, in a letter to Dr. Woodworth, supervising surgeon of the Ii. M.H., places it at tile enormous sumr of $175,000,0() for the whole country. 10. Now, who is so blind to every sense of Justice and humanity as to comlltare the trivial inconvenience re suiting from an interrupted commerce with tropical ports for a few months in each year, to the desolating catastrophe, the great public calamity of an oeli demnic of yellow fever? WVho Is there that will confess himself the advocate of a system that values at so Insignifi cant m plrice the lives of our Citizens ? 20. If New Orleans will not effectu ally quarantino against all tropical ports, where yellow fever is indigenous, every State, every town and city on the banks of the Mississipli, Ohio andl Mlissourl rivers, every village in our own State, will quarantluine against us to pcetre them from, invailons of tlims f,,r.ign lw- til,,nc -..