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The Ouachita telegraph. (Monroe, La.) 1865-1889, April 01, 1882, Image 2

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Ouactkita tItgl aph.
a. W. isWta. ates. I.
Oneiat saratl o the Cty .it beurr ,
MONSON. LA.. APRIL 1, 184. s
3URUENses iN @omA. t
The Coalueba ~eild of the 24th, in I
an artits .i d ! Taihe Flood l1 C0ld- 3
wi , sas "the iod bas been upon I
M s math," and after this openingl
semime aur contemporary promeeds to a
Ss brr qa debase of the celebrated I
Cdwell resolutionsa passed more than I
ldz weeks antecedent, when 80,000 peo- 1
pie wei said to be in a starving con- I
dition- living in parishes some of
which were not even adjacent to (lid
wel!--and when "today [February 8,]
nlnetees-twentieths of the people in
eludig both colora and aeasse of our
citisems have not a grain of corn to
bged their starving teams, no bread, no
money, no credit and no where to go
and nothing to go with i "
Our eotempomsry in its elaborate
de of the Cdidwell resolutions
rather conweanentl hops over a couple
of weeks, ormore, and works in the
TELGRAPEr as condemning the cry or
relief caused by the overflow. We
quote the Herald :
long ago, took especlal pains to fill its
second page with extracts from the
doantry press to show there was no
alarm; yet over twelve days ago, Mr.
Warren G. Kennedy, president of the
pollee jury of Oachita parish, notified
Congremsman Knlg and Governor Mc
Emery that It woald require 00,000
rations to supply the demands of the
soalreee living in the overflowed dis
triet of that pariah.
The extriets published in the TELE
anuPH had reference solely to the
Caldwell meeting where a few gen
tlemen aseembled, bebore the overflow,
and amumed the province to speak for
seven parishes and a portion of two
others, representing that partlcular
section of the country as In a destitute
condition and the people as applicants
far government alms. As such it was al
gaes aftront to any people who could
hold imeetaipgs for themselves and are
supposed to know as much at least of1
their own necessities as the oMclals of ,
Csldwell, or the three tailors of Tooley ,
street. And In this view of the zeal
and odolousness of the Caldwell gath
ering, ngt alone the press, but the
people of the parishes not represented
or even invited to attend the meeting
of Columbia, where it is shown they
ware not wanted, the Caldwell resolu
tions were properly denounced. It
weasn ante-deluvlan meeting, not with
Noah In attendance.
Not even an overflow will avail to
cover up the ,a sumacy" and folly of
the Columbia meeting of February
8rd. The face of the papers, Judge,
will stand.
Among the laws of Arkansas is one
which provides that the directors of
each school district In the State shall
adopt, and cause to be used, in public
schools in their respective\ districts one
series of text-books In each branch or
sclence taught in the public schools of
their respective districts, and no change
in these books shall be made for a period
of three years, unless it beby a petition
of a majority of the voters of the dis
trict desiring the change.
It is probable that three years is too
Slonga perid to fix during which there
shall be no change in the books
used in public schools; but this is
not such a great annoyance to parents
or such a serious drawback to pupils
as the absence of a regulation which
permits changes in text-books as
often as teachers are changed, or as
the teaebirs themselves change their
peferences. Any standard text-book
will outlast the scholastic days and
fully tax the industry of any pupil,
sad better learn one book well, than
skim over ball-a-dozen. But school
books, it seems, are made of late to
sell, and aot to study, and hence we
fed now a long series of readers, arith
wtlles, copy-books, :ete, where not
maa years ago two or three of each
wwee considered all-seallent, and that
it reqiaes now years of steady school
icng to get through with reading,
writag, gItoaphy sad the minor
tdl of a eo eanmmon education, and
geerally a very common education at
hM. ftee assl  ery hoousehold,
here #l tbii~i llies of school
I boohel i gone throughwith, and then
abandoned, while others of a diferent
nthoir tWst follows, t he packed away
wltlla a sbort ten moauths, perchance,
ameong the brabbish of the cloeot, or be
deltamged to beed the ambition of the
toddler comnla along.
Th psament gws gray, wearrted and
at timtes elubrably tormented in the
endeavor to keep his or her children,
with all their little questions, well up
id their studies, so rapid arethe changes
In the school text-books. And whatI
the boy or girl of ten yearn-of age was I
started in, the child of lsx is taught at
school to regard as absurd and worth
less. So that, take a family of children
numbering five, the parent in assisting
the youngest and oldest will have had
to unlearn at least three times what
was taught the oldest, in guiding the
youngest along the difficult path of
learning even no further than English
grammar. What each teacher does,
seems to be confined mainly to select,
in a revolutionary spirit, a set of school
books different from that used by his
predecessor, and to exact of both parent
and pupil that they shall conform their
methods of thought and of rules and
their very instincts to the change.
There is variety in this system of com
mon schools-If system It may be called,
but there Is a woful lack of hard com
mon sense.
The critics of Gov. McEnery's actions
at this crisis might remember and
should reflect that at no time since the
administration of Gov. Allen, during
the war, have the patience, vigilance
and courage of the Executive been so
severely taxed. We know the Gov
ernor too well not to avow, as we do,
our belief that his utmost energies are
kept steadily moving in behalf of the
people of the State over whose Interests
he has been called to watch, and that
but few men would give such unselfish
attention to the cares and responsibill
ties now weighing upon him.
SGlen. W. S. Rosecrans, who Is now the
subject of much talk, was bornrin Ohio
In 1819, and he graduated at West Point
in 1842, becoming shortly after Assist
nat Professor of Engineering there. He
was on duty during the construction of
the docks at the Washington Navy
Yard. III health causing him to resign,
he became a civil engineer in Cincin
nati. When the war broke out he was
a manufacturer of chemicals.
Capt. L. M. Nutt, senator from the
parish of Caddo, who had been In de
clining health for several months, died
at his home in Shreveport on the 22nd
ultimo. Alas, poor country I when
such big hearts and fertile brains are
at thy service no longer.
Cor.U~nA, LA., March 27, 1882.
Editor Telegraph- I wrote you on
the 14th that the water wason a stand;
It remained on a stand until the 19th,
when it commenced to rise again and
has been rising steadily ever since,
with one and a-half inch rise in the
f last 24 hours and I see no prospect of
r It stopping soon. If It does not, I fear
F many of our homes will float off, as
some have airedy done in the lower
part of our parish. The situation is
appalling and growing worse, the suf
fering and distress great. Some gov
ernment rations have been issued and
much suffering relieved for the time
being. Labor is becoming restless,
fearing the water will be too late going
off to grow a crop on the river, hence
some are seeking homes in the hill
country. The water of '74 was a small
affair compared to this in r:egard to the
trouble entailed. Yours truly,
A lady writing to the Richland Bea
con from Girard, under date of the
19th, gives her experience with high
water as follows-which the Beacon
says Is s only what could be said by a
great many others:"
You would hardly believe that we
were two days without a dust of meal
or flour in the barrel. I bought a bar
. rel of each, flour and meal, from the
boat Era No. 10, and told the colored
people on this place to go to J. L. Spen
cer's to get their rations, as that place
was as near home as we could bring
the supplies. One of the colored boys,
Emanuel, was drowned in going for
his. It is supposed the boys became
frightened and Jumped out of the boat.
WValter said he walked to bank In
water over his head. Emanuel's body
is not yet recovered. George Caldwell
died Friday morning. Mrs. Caldwell
could neither procure a physician nor
medicine. George was sick four days,
delirious from the first, and had hard
convulsions for two days before death
boded his sufferings. The water has
eeen knee deep on our back piazza.
The girls and I would take off our
shoes and wade through the dining
room to cook our victuals. I have
been capsized four times out of a dug
out. ",Every cloud hath its silver lin
Ing;" so we have our fun although
the clouds of adversity seem hovering
over us. The fence and pailings are
swept away. The hogs and stock are
,drowned; the chickens and turkeys
on the roof of the house, without an
ear of corn, only scrape from the table.
Politeness is the just medium between
- ceremony and rudeness.
In 1878 there occurred at '(olfax, I
eract pbisb, a bloody'econflict buweei '
the whites and blacks of that parish,
caused'by the negroes and other Radi- a
cal white leaders endeavoring to take E
charge of the parish. The Colfax
Chronicle of a recent-date has the tol
lowing in regard to some of the me
mentoes of the conflict :
In digging a ditch around the square
on which the new courthouse is- situ
ted, and which is only about sixty feet
distant from the salte of the courthouse
which was burned at the riot in 1878,
the workmen unearthed a skull and
several bones of the feet and hands of
some of the victims on that occasion.
About seventy feet of the breastsforks
thrown up by the negroes are enclosed
within the present court square. The
embankment altogether was some one
hundred and fifty or two hundred
yards in length. After the fight four
score or more dead negroes were buried
In the trench they had dug, and cov
ered with the earth from the embank
ment. It is said that about twenty
bodies are buried within the limits of
the present court square. We have
suggested on a former occasion that
these bodies be exhumed and buried
elsewhere, and still think it should be
done. In leveling around the court
house this week the mound that has
marked their whereabouts has been
. obliterated, and if they are not moved
soon all trace of them will likely be
lost. It looks bad to have these
ghastly relics exhibited now and then,
as was the case last Tuesday with that
a grinning cranium with a round bullet
t hole bored clear through it.
Mr. John Scott, vice president and
e general managerof theCineinnati, New
s Orleans and Texas Pacific railroad, run
tning from Cincinnati to Chattanooga,
In an interview with a representative
of the Banker and Broker, regarding
the Erlanger syndicate, said that he
f did not recognize the title, as it Is a
misnomer. *"Our company," he said,
,"is the Alabama Great Southern Rail
road Company, and when the other
roads were purchased by Erlanger &
Co. (namely, the Vicksburg and Meri
dian, the Vicksburg, Shreveport and
Pacific, and the charter of the New
Orleans and Northeastern Railroad,)
they were inCorporated as the Alabama,
New Orleans and Texas Pacific. These
roads, under the new corporate title,
took a majority interest In the lease of
the Cincinnati Southern, which again
was incorporated under the title of the
Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas
Pacific railroad, of which I am vice
president and general manager." In
reference to the completion of the sys
tem, he stated that all the contracts are
now let; the time limitsare quiteshort,
and although we have arranged to be
through in twelve months, contractors
often dispose, though railroads propose.
The traffic on all the roads, he stated,
was good and likely to remain so. The
past two years have seen a marvelous
development on the Alabama Great
Southern Railroad, and as the company
e is now taking active steps t19 foster the
f mineral business of that road he con
r siders the traffic Is yet in its infancy.
The Vicksburg and Meridian railroad,
which is now being reconstructed,shows
r splendid results in the winter business,
a although Mr. Wolff decreased the rates
r- very considerably. Continuing, he
said: ",The Cincinnati Southern is the
best of all. Not only do we get a large
through traffic, but the developments
e of the local business are marvelous. By
i, next fail we shall have nt least thirteen
g coal mines in operation; our company
e will put out at least fifty cars per d&y,
and even now we have several coal
II ines which have an output of thirty
II cars per day."
[N. Y. Iloralh, 25th ult.]
t- It is a necessary physical consequence
e that lowlands washed by great rivers
h must be subject to inundation, and the
Mississippi, which, as to extent and the
n region it drains, is perhaps only second
a to the Nile, was perhaps hardly second
to It in this particular in the days when
it was left entirely to itself. With both
rivers alike the flooding of the land is
salutary as to the points of the deposit
of fertilizing material and the satura
tion of the soil. B3ut while this pro
cess is counted upon us a main source
of the wealth of Egypt it is in the Mis
sissippi Valley, owing to the very dif
ferent conditions, not to be counted as
Sadvantageous by comparison withl the
Sharm that must follow; for the Nile,
coming down fromn the equatorial re
gions, floods Egypt before the farmer
Swants to get at the soil, while the Mlis
sissippi, on the contrary, pouring down
the rains and the melting snows of a
far away North, would cover the south
ern regions when they are already in
Sbloom with the beauty of early sum
mer. If, therefore, the Mississippibot
tomas are to retain their almost fabu
8 lously prodluctive value for certain
crops the river must be kept out.
r 1lence the dlikes or levees that already
g exist, and that are a sufficient protee
tlon for ordinary years, but which al
ways give way under texceptional pres
sure. Twice already itn a period of
eight years they have proved inade
g quate and their failure has led to great
e destruction of property and loss of life.
0 Before the war the great land owners
Sof that region-who were, also, of
Scourse, great slave owners--dfrected
labor and money with a view to the
best economical use of their property
u so far as tlhey saw, and it Is probable
that in those days the dikes were kept
in a better condition than they have
beea In since. Under some of the car
pet-beg governments we ]know the
usual taxes for the apport of the levees
were raised and spent withia glorious
indifference to the state af these safe
guards. It may be that the Indiffer
ence became chronic, and that is the
reason why in the time slnce the war
the failures of the dikes has not done
more harm than ever before.
If the common welfare and prosper
Ity of every part of the country is a
national concern, as we hold It to be,
the whole people are alike interested in
what is to be done to prevent the recur
rence of such calamities as this. Butlt
Is not clearjust what is to be done, and
it is still less clear who Is to do it. One
project is that the Mississeppi proper
the Mississippi below the'eonfluence of
the Misourli-shall be converted into
a great canal-be straightened, that is
-and be furnished with permanent
artificial banks. Doubtless that would
be the most effective plan, and we are
not sure but it would be eventually the
cheapest; for itf a dike must otherwise
be built on both sides of the windlng
stream, and be permanently kept in
repair, as the dikes are in Holland, the
great additional length and strength of
the dikes that would thus be made
necessary would be more than equal
to the cost of the cuts by the other plan.
But either would be a labor of very
great cost, aud the maintenance of the
dikes would be a permanent charge of
several millions a year. Holland spends
two million dollars a year on her dikes.
Who is to supply and lay out this
money? We observes that no South
ern patriot has anything to say about
State rights In this conmection, and cer
tainly if there is a case that may indis
putably convince the people of the
Inseparable unity of the concerns of
men of several States this Is one. It Is
a common thought in the Southwest
that the general government must un
dertake all that is to be done in this
field, and that otherwise the case will
be apt to go by default; but the region
drained by the Mississippi and its trib
utaries is in agricultural possibilities
the richest in the world. It is occupled
by a people who are thought to be not
deficient in self-helpfulness, and it is
hard to see why such a people nla suech
a country should call upon their poorer
neighbors to build their emba nments.
Wholesale Grocers, Nos. 48, 45 and 47
Peters Street, New Orleans, La,
No. A4 St. Charles Street, NEW ORLEANS
Dealers in
and FISHING TACKLE of every
and FIXED AMMUNITION of all kinds.
The Repairing department is under the
personal supervision of Mr. Louis Cook.
Guns re-bored to shoot close.
Manufaetners of lard Rubber Duck
Calls-superior to anything over used.
N. Author's Fishing Lines a Specialty.
Wholesale Agents for McDanlel's Rust
Preventer. Agents for the Baker Gun.
Mail orders particularly attended to.
P. O. Box 937. sep. 17-ly.
Woanaroo. Zaou Enteeas,
Cigars, Wines and Liquors for Medical Use, Etc.
Dr. McCormick tenders his Professional Services to the public, office at the drug store,
while customers, during his absence on professional visits, will have their wants attend
ed to by competent, attentive, and obliging clerks. Monroe, Feb. 10, 1882.
MPI~onroe, La,
S ale, Lease or Exchange,
Etc., Etc.
All Property placed in my hands must be accompanied by
the owner's written authority to dispose of the same, alnd
will be sulject to the following
.TT TL.-El S:
1. The Seller, and not tho Blyoer, will be
looked to for Commissions.
2. Owners must set the price at which
they will sell, giving full descriptions, and
on the price so fixed commissions will be
charged. Maps will be furnished at the
owners' expense, when desired.
3. Introducing, or sending a Customer to
any Owner will, in case of sale, entitle me
to Commlissions.
4. Property entered on the List will be
considered on sale at the price stated until
notification of withdrawal is received.
5: If no-notice be given of advance in
price, or withdrawal of property, and a
Customer is furnished at the price fixed,
Commissions will be charged.
6. Information obtained, directly or indl
reetly, through this Agency, will entitle us
to Commissions.
7* Commissions are due and payable
upon the Cobtreets of Sale, Exchanges or
Ruent being signed by parties thereto.
8. Any disagreement between the parties
after signing such contract does not impair
the claim for Commissions.
9. Owners are expected to know their
Titles before asking the services of this
Agency, and no failure to perfect a Sale
because of Imperfect Title will destroy the
claim for Commissions.
10. All Property will be Advertised Free
of Charge, unless where a Sale, Lease or
Exchange is effected, when the usual adver
ting charge will be made.
Correspondence and orders solicited fronm owners of Real
Estate throughout North Louisiana.
Monroe, Louisiana, February 3d, 1882.
Ihave this day reoeived from the City
Tremurer blank licenses on all Trades,
Ocupletins and Profemssions for the year
18; said lieanses ap now due and if not
paidon or before the lest day of April, 1882,
they become delinlquent.
onroCity Tax Colleetor.,
Monroe, LA, March2, 1882.
Fifth District Court. Parish of Ouachita
No. 1882.
Succession of Temple T. Hall.
Notice is hereby given to the creditors of
this state, and to ill other persons herein
interested, to show cause within ten days
from the preent notification, it any they
have or can, why the account presented by
Anstin Green Curator should not be ap
proved and homoa e, and the tlnds
diatributedn accordance therewith.
By order ot the Court.
Monroe, La., March 25, 1882.
Suecession of Henry W. Oneil,
Fifth Distrlct Court, Parish of Onachita.
No. -.
Notice is hereby given to the creditors of
this estate, and to all other pereona herein
interested to show cause within ten days
from the present notification, if any they
have or can, why the account presented by
A. H. Scriber curator, should not be ap
proved and homologated and the fun
distributed in accordance therewith.
By order of the Court;
Monroe, La., March 11. 1882.
State of Louisiana Parishof Ounachita, Fifth
District Court.
Kieffer A Gardner
vs. [No. 181.
Sholars & McCormick,
By virtue of an order of sale issued byl
the Honorable Fifth District Court, in and
for the Parish of Onachits, and to me di
rected in the above entitled suit, I will sell
at public auetion at the store house on Do
iard atreet (lately occupied by Sholars &
McCormick), in the city of Monroe, La., on
Saturday, 8th day of April, 1882,
(and from day to day thereafter until all of
said property is sold) all the property at
tached in the above entitled and numbered
ca , exceptthe notes, accounts and mer.
Terms of sale, cash.
mch25. J. B. McGUIRE, Sheriff.
State of Louisiana, Parish of Onachita, Fifth
District Court.
Succeession of Hugh Yongue.
By virtue of an order of saleissued by the
Honorable Fifth Distriet Court, in and for
the Parish of Ouachita, and to me directed
intheabove entitled succession, I will sell
at public auction, in the city of Monroe,
La., at the court house door, between the
hours of sale, to the lastand highest bidder,
Saturday, 29th day of April, 1882,
the following described property. to-wit:
"Home Place," situated on Island De
Siard, consisting of lot No. 1, in section No.
2, and lots Nos. 1, 2 8 and4, andsouth-west
quarter of south-west quarter of section
one (1), and sections Nos. 9and40, intown
ship No. lit north of range 3 east, contain
ing 071 0-100th acres more or less, and the
improvements thereon.
Aso, the place known as the "Belle
Hope" or "Swan Plantation , in Island De
iard, OuachitaParish, Louasiana, fronting
on the)Onachit river, about thirty miles
above Monroe, bounded on the north by
Sterlington plantation, on the south by the
Liles plantation and on the east by the
Charles W. Phillips plantation, containing
400 acres, 220 of which is under cultivation.
Terms of sale-Cash for not less than the
mch25. J. E. eCGUIRE, Sheriff.
Twenty-five Two and Four-Horse
inade by the colebratedl Studebaker Mann
tacturfug Co., just received and for sale at
the lowest market rates by
January 1, 1879.
21. Mtetaair su, Agmt,
IeStiard Street, Monroo, La., next door to
D. B. Our by.
MoNitoR, LA.
THOS. L. DEACON. lateofNew Orleans,
has opened in the Opera House building
wherehe is prepared to repair watches and
clocks in the best manner, and warrant for
Old gold and silver bought, or taken in,
Monroe, November 10, 1881.
Safes sold for less money than by any
one traveling, on tine, or for a heavy die
count for cash.
Guns, Pistols, Clocks and Sewing Ma
chines repaired on short-notice by
27 Rills' News Depot
[Established 1867.]
The- Proprietor assures his many friends
and customers that he will constantly keel,
on hand the finest and best brands ot
Wines, Liquors and Cigars,
All of which will be served with prompt
nes and politeness.
A. J. KELLER, Proprietor.
January 1, 1879.
MoNRoE,. LA.
TOM CAMPBELL, Proprietor.
Having recently opened the above named
saloon, the Proprietor respectfully solicits
a liberal share of the public patronage.
The finest and best brands of Wines,
Liquors and Cigars kept constantly on
hand. Customers may rely upon good or
der and polite attention.
The "Thistle Dew" brand of whiskey for
sale at this saloon.
February 11 1881.
The undersigned takes pleasnure in triaking
known that he is now as well prepared as
before the war, if not bettor, to do all kinds
of work, eitller in
Mianm.facturing or Rejmiringj
Ready made work kept on hand; spoci-"
mens of which may be seen bycalling at the
Factory. lie will also carry on a general
Blacksmith shop, arranged to do all kindls of
blacksmithing. Terlms reasonable.
Jarnary 1, 1879. P1R. ENDOM.
(Sunccessor to lI. Petlold,) ]'roprietor.
Families supplied with bread made of the
best lour and by aus experienced baker.
Cakes of every kind kept for sale, or mnade
to order.
Fruit., Confections, &c.,
Kept In stock and will be sold at the lowest
market price. .nuue 4. 1880. 1y
D. . (IINY,
Nom. 12 .. 14 North Grnndl Street,
Prodrece Dealer and Gesneral MIierchant,
And Receiving and Florwarding Agent.
Hay, Pork, . Limn, 1)ry Goods,
Corn, Itacon, ('cunent., Groceries,
Oats, Flour, BJagginig, Hardware,
Bran, Moul, Tios, Etl., Ete.
Special atttentson given to Storing and
Shipping Cotton. F'reights Stored at Rea
sonable rates ati nod tdlryage charged. Fire
Proof Warebolhsle adjoining River an.d Rail
road. Monroe Feb. 3 1882.
3. R. MUIR, - - Proprietor.
Taving purchasedl the interent. nol the snc
cession of II. M. liry, deeaolsed, the under
signed, nof the late tiron or lrvy & Muir, be
comlles sole plro)lrinetoeIr f lthe Monnroo City
Steanm aw ar d l'lamning Mlill, and will
continuo it inl ative opneratioln--sawing
lumber, pine or cypress, planing, inakilng
shtngles, &c. , Itn ie ulrnrished, onl shoim.
notice, ill any quantities desired. A largo
lot ot sup~eriori, tilinber, both pinneo annd
ypreiss, on liuannl. l'icnes to enii i tie times.
Adlress orners ti J.1. II. Ii,
I'. O. nox 31.
CHIlDIREN'.,s t'ARIItlAl:.~, \WA.\lGON'
AN 1) V IIO)(( 'IPEDIii.
M11E'I'A LItm' fltU'12A I'A:S4.
Services of I i,,lortaker iiid |res.'rvtng
dead bodlies with oenibal nning thlids fnllrl
ished if dnisir idI. All irde~rs I:rolmtllly nt
tendel toi. Temnrln, T'reasi-nable.
,Store on1 GIralIi tl"irent, nieari tihe Crlnurt
Monrore, La.,March 18, 1878. n26-ttf

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