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VOLUME XVIII. " MONROE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, JANUARY 27, 188-. NUMBER 20..
Published every Saturday.
AT'r MONROE, OUACIIITA PAAISUI, LA.
G. w7. TMoC3OL..TIEe,
Editor and Proprietor.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
)On cropy, one year.............................. ,50
Losiitincly in Adrtbcc.
T.*RlL"FF OF ADVERTISING RATES.
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dollar and fifty cents per square (one inch
,t space or loss) for the first, and seventy
live cents for each subsequent insertion, for
any time under one month. For longer
p'oriods as oallows:
-- ,.tt.,tt sq',:rE Lin. " ' n .1. ,n. I mH il. 2, .
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Two .......................... 6 5 10 13. 20 25
T'hrI ........................ 0 5 1 17' 2t 35
IFour.................... 13 I 20, 23. 31 45
Five 15.................. 00' 25 27' 40 50
Ten (3 col.).......... . 00 40 501 70,
Fifteon(% col.)....... "10 001 55; 7090 130
Twenty-one (1 c.).. 30 00, 70i S5 12I'j 175
(Cards of a personal characler-whon ad
missible-will be charged double our regn
lar advertising rates.
Obttuary and Marriage notices will be
Ichartd as advertisements.
Any person sending us five new cash sub
scribeors, at the same post-olfice, will be en
titled to a copy of 'ts: TItLEGIAPHn gratis
for one year.
Counselor, Solicitor and Attorney,
MONROE, LO UIIAl-I. .
Practices in the District and Circuit
('ourts of the United States, which meet
semi-annually at Monroe; also, in the Sn
pronto Court of the United States; also, in
the District, Circuit and Suiprem-ne Courts of
August 25, 1SS2.
R. GA. COBB,
ST'LTPORNt.Y AT LAW, MONROE, LA.
SJani. 2, 187t.
'rThos. 0. Benlton,
AT'I't ItN EY AT LAWV,
Ollice with S. I). McEnery.
.I fl, C.Lt.DEIRWOOD. r Tlos. Y. ANlY.
I)rs. (Calderwood & Aby,
l'Practitioners in Modicino and Surgery.
O()tiee on trand street, in rear of F'. iM.
Mt('orinick's D)rug Store, and opposite
I). II. (lunlhv's store.
Jatnuary 213, 10. n20:ly
Johnlu I. Diinklgraave,
A'l'TIINEY AT LAW, MONROE, LA.
Ollico opposite Court House. Practices
in all the Uourts of NOr'th Louisiana; also
in the Suplreme Court of the State and the
Federal Courts. All claims, inuluding cot
ton tlaims,_..vill recsli e IFrotnpt attention.
Lanid llico and Ponsion mtatters attended
to. March 28, 1879.
Dr. N. C. Murphy,
ESLIARD ST., MONROE, LA.-Having
Srecert ly arranged his ollico with special
reference to the treatment of chronic fenmale
diseases, Dr. Mturp)hy will give particular
attention to that branch of his rofessi.
D' IRefers to the medical fraternity of 1 1
roe and Trenton. June 15, 1811.
STI''TOIINEY AT LAW. MosNROE, LA.,
will practice in the Parishes of
O.utchita, Slorchotse, Richlatod and l"rank
I-e, in the Supreme Court of the State,
and in the Federal Courts. Will take
claitis foir collection in all other parishes in
Loauisiana, with privilege of managing
santo in connection wtih attornoys residing
l.here. August 18, 1881.
a'. .. BOATNEi. J. S. BOAT'rNt
C. J.7& J. S. IIOATNEIt,
A'II'OlINE~YS AND COUNSELORS AT'
Imaw, Monroo, La., will pr-actice in all
the Parishes of North Louisiana, in the
Sti.npretmo Court at Mouroo, the Fedoral
('ianrts, and in the Land (Oltice hipartatnont
of the (lcneral (.oveernllllent.
()lic, frontting northeast corner (f public
siattar. July 15, 1852.
)lt. S. L. BRACEY, Dentist, rospectfully
olrers his professional services to the
citizens of Monroe and surrounding coun
try. Hlaving an experience of fourteen
vyars in the practice, lie feels contident of
giving satisficetion in all branches of his
I.rotibssion. Is willing to warrant all work.
t Hlice at residence oll Jackson street, near
!he Femal:te Aeadletay, ,Motnroe, La.
v7-nta rthl1 y
ATTOI-NfY AT LAW .AV LANI) A(iEN'T',
ho, i ('arondelet St., New Orleans.
I AND IIUSINESS at the Land Oflices itt
J Now Orleans :and aVashington City at
tended to. Agency for sale anud purchase
of Plantations, Farmts and Uunituproved
ig~t't:ajor J. (:. Richardson is associated
with \Ir. McEtncry in the land business,
to wvhich he will give his entire attention.
.January ;, 1881.
%v. i. -.MTIfISAPS. V. H. Titel UI ' .tl .
Millsaps a& Tronsdaale.
AT 'roINEYS & COUNSELORS AT LAWV
W ill practice in the courts of the Fifth
SDistrict, Supreme Court, and Federal
Courts. WVill take claitms fl;r collection in
-r' the parishes tof North ]Louisiana, with
p...lege of ma;uaging satle ill ollnuectiole
with resident attorneys.
Ollice in 8TUltn's HIrtttttNai, on Wood
street. August 18, l181.
)It. It. AT3MARI SMITH,
01' (JIARLLESO,, b. C:,
\'Who was graduated itn 1871 at the Phila
delphia Dental College, and has since been
practicing in his native city, will visit
Monroe about Christmas., when he will
open al offlice and offer his professional
services to the public for a few weeks.
t.o' All work done in the most approved
style, atnd satisfaction guaranteed.
November 25, 182.
R. RICHARDSON, Mt. T. LIDDEr.L.
Richardsonn & Lidldeli,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, MonoE, LA.,
will practico in all the parishes of
North Louisiana, the Supremo Court of the
State, the Federal Courts, and in tme Land
Otfice Department of tne (8onoral Govern
ment. o November 25, 1882.
INTERESTING GOSSIP ABOUT OIL AND I
Stiitegy" of the Oil Fields.
[Cor: esponlncee 'Now Xork Sn.ilt.
When a producer sets out to make a
well a mystery he knows that he has a
task before him. The high board fence
which he puts around his well, a hun
dred feet or more from the derrick,
prevents the scouts from getting sam
ples of the sand unless they do so by
arrangement with a guard. If the
scouts succeed in obtaining a thimble
ful of sand they can make a good
guess as to what the well will amount
to. Some of the scouts have as many
as four or five hundred phials of sand,.
each of which is labelled with the
name or number of the well from
which it was taken. In some tracts
the sand is of the color of pulverized
fire-brick, in others it is chocolate-col
ored, and the experienced scout can see
something significant either in the
composition or color of every sample
of sand that he examines.
"This," said a scout, holding up a
phial in which was as much gray sand
as could be taken upon the blade of a
penknife, "was very precious at the
time it was obtained. It came from
646 in Cherry Grove."
After an owner of a mystery has
made provision for preventing the
scouts from getting any of the sand, he
must make arrangements for keeping
them so far from the well that they
cannot hear the flow of oil into the re
ceiving tank. So lie cuts underbrush
and surrounds his well with an almost
impenetrable brush fence, on the out
side of which he stations guards with
rifles or pole axes as weapons. As
many as a hundred guards are some
times employed at a single well. If
the scouts are unable to make their
way through tifls line and get within
hearing distance of the tank, they
must trust to sight for indications as to
what is doing at the well. The wag of
the walking beam will tell them with
in fifty feet how far down in the rock
the drill is cutting, though a stranger
can only see that the beam oscillates
with a slower motion as the well
grows deeper. If drilling has ceased,
the scouts watch the ventilator of the
receiving tank with the aid of a field
glass, noting' the number of hours out
of twenty-four that the inflow of oil
causes gas to escape from the ventilator
in a thin cloud. Knowing the number
of gallons that will flow through the
pipe in an hour, they can compute the
result of the flows that have taken
place in the twenty-four hours.
Another way of telling how deep a
well has been drilled is by watching
the cable through a field glass when
the tools are hauled up. As the rope
is wound upon the bull wheel the coil
runs to one end of the axle and back
again, and so on, like thread wound
evenly on a spool; and, by watching
the weaving of the rope back and forth
where it comes in sight above the roof I
of the derrick house, the scouts can tell
how many layers there are of the rope
that is wound up, and can make a
close guess as to the number of feet of
rope drawn from the well.
MAKING IT A MYSTERY.
One of the most noteworthy myste
ries of the oil region was the Shannon
well, the wild-cat venture of the Coop
er tract in Forest county. Some time
in June last Mr. I'. M. Shannon a pro
ducer of long experience followed the
forty-live degree line from Sheffield
nine miles into the wilderness. There,
at a point six miles southeast of the
famous Cherry Grove field, and nearly
live miles froml the nearest cabin, lie
put up a rig and began drilling. lie
fire the drill touch-ed the oil-bearing
rock lie took two partner, into the
venture, Mr. '. 1'. Melvin and Mr.
A. 13. Walker. On July 26, the three
partners stopped at the well on their
way back from a lishing excursion.
They learned from the drillers that, ac
cording to their reckoning of the alti
tude at which drilling was begun,sand
rock should already have been struck
if there was aniy there. 't'he partners
were not very hopeful as to their ven
ture, and Messrs. Melvin and WValker
decided that they had seen enough of
the wildcat for the present, and went
on up to Cherry (;rove, leaving Mr.
Shannon behind. lie remembered
that a spring barometer had been used
for determining the altitude of the
locality, and that the measurement
might have heeni so far out of the way
that there was still hope of the drill
striking s.and rock. Junt before noon
on that day tie driller said to Mr.
,I guess we've struck sonetihing."
",The tools were hauled up," said Mr.
Shannon, telling the story of hi ven
ture, the other eventing, ''and a freshI
bit was put on. Drilling was resumeld,
and within ten minutes an odlor of ga
came from the well. (Our fuel htad
given out and we were burning hem
"Getting a little gas," said the dril
ler; "better look out for the fire."
,I put my head down to the hole
and hearda rushing sound far down in
the well. The tools were pulled up as
quickly as possible, and the bail was
run down. The oil had risen five
hundred feet in the well, though the
bit had gone only about ten inches into
the sand rock. The rushing sound I
continued, and it was plain that there
was going te be a strong flow unless
the well was pluggcd. We had a few
plugs on hand. Two or three of these
were put in and driven down. I would
rather have given live thousand dollars
than have her flow; but in about an
hour and a half she began to spout.
The oil saturated the ground and ran
down the hillside into the brook. ' I am
not accustomed to manual labor, but I
pulled off my coat and went to work
damming the brook, so that the oil
would not float down on the water and
AN U NEX'E('TEI) A1NGe:R.
"I sent a note to my partners, which
I believe one of them has had framed. I
I don't remember just what it was, j
but it was something about her being a i
teaser.' Another messenger was sent
to Sheffield for more plugs. \Vhile he i
was away the well flowed again, and
we put down the last plugs we had on t
hand and then shovelled sand into the i
hole and drove it down, but still she I
flowed. The messenger got back from
Sheflleld the next morning, bringing 1
plugs in a bundle of hay across the sad
dle. This precaution was necessary, 1
for news concerning a new well spreads
like wildfire, and it takes only a little I
while for the scouts to be on hand.
My partners arrived at the well at
about 10 o'clock that morning. They a
thought my message was a joke, but t
had procured some plugs and come on. (
More plugs were then driven down, t
and the flow was stopped. The last f
plug, however, had stopped about 500 v
feet from the bottom, and could not be s
driven further. The tools rested on it. U
'You had better pull out the tools.' r
I said to thedriller; 1I guess she'll stay ji
plugged now.' t
"The driller started to haul up the v
tools, but I noticed that the rope was b
coming out of thie well sluck, and call- I
ed the driller's attention. v
"She's flowirng tile tools out of the r
"I began to say something about r
that being too old a gag, when he yell- e
4''They're comaing-ru n, for (Ged's a
sake !" I
"Before the words were out of his a
mouth there was a noise as of a tre- o
mendous explosion, and the tools, g
weighing about three or four thousand p
pounds, were shot up through the top 1
of the shanty at least sixty feet and t
came crashing down through the roof, }
splintering the floor and sticking into a
tllh ground some eight or ten feet.
That's the first and last time I ever t
saw a set of drilling tools thrown out s
of the well by the flow. We put down s
eight more plugs, but she continued to
leak at tile rate of at least fifty barrels p
(I Art:rl ) : tY ir ", r'rL. rN.
''lThe question then was how we C
could keeli the well a mystery. The
driller, his two men, and seven hunt- t
ers were armed with Springfleld rifles.
A. path marking a hexagon around tihe 0
well was cleared in the underbrush,
and a manr was stationed at each of the
six corners, with orders to let no one
cross the path. The path was lighted a
up with lanterns at night, so that no
scout could creep acro,: in tile dark
ness. Provisions were sent to tile
men, who had their .egular hours on
guard, under command of Capt. d
Haight-as the men called him-whlo t
was the contractor for drilling the well.
The well was thius kept under guard d
till Sept. 15, when she was opened to r
anybody who wanted to see what she a
was doing. MIeanwllile she was tubed ,
and supplied with tankage for storing s
5,000 barrels of oil. lMessrs. ILayno anrd
Fuller were; admitted to partnershlil,,
and the lirmr's business was conducted 4
under its present namre of Melvin,
Walker, Shanunon & Co. Of course we
secured leases of lands lying Inear. We "
took to ourselves the credit of being
tie first in the oil region to successful
ly guard a mlystery."
The opening of thIe Shannion well oc
curred when tihe production of the ti
Cherry Grove field was rapidly falling I
oil', anrd rumor had it that this fact, r
combined with thce accurate gaugilng of
the well's prodtuction by tlIe scouts, re
sulted iln a considerable loss to the
owners of the \well in operations on the
market. An old scout said : "They
never knew how the well was pilped off
till after it was- done. Thely hal it
guarded so closely that we couldn't get
nearit; so we had to time its flows by
watching with field glasses the escape
of gas from the tank while sihe was
blowing. I;lt we got it dov'wn pretty
M\r. Shanrnon, whenr asked about
this, replied not regretfully:
''Well, we didn't lose any very large
rrllOtulnt ol mlrllnrry. '
!)r. l)reser, whlo iha. written a workl
otn Japan, saw servetI Inn tihe table a
lish iol ifi-dr iso dellicately carved that
no vital part was touched, tandi the tiilr
was still live Iandi glaring rion its d
vourer, whllrI thie last slice oef its tleshl
h:o(l beemn co.rrsumrr i.' ThlIis riay sounlld
likc a wilt statcuLrlr, but thre inciderti
ihas bheci inatcelrtl ill tIlrI. cou( ntry. .\ i
mnrince jrie 1"as been s-ri ,ilic'ately carv
edl arnd teouollrtnulm I by a youlRg rrtan just I
before gelilre Icr tol I thai no vital part
w-as. touchIed, and it ,a'is -till rlive aind
touching thie yourg mran'.s vital parts
about three hIrurs after hie fhad elatf.n1
it. At least the yoUrnrg I:an resronr:nhly:
interred so, frorir th)e ermblroglio it
kicked up in his ihierral drIp ,rt rntn -
JKentucky grows 3 I,'r rcellt, o[ :i
tire tobacco growrr in thi. c-,unrtry.
LOItNE AIND) L001USI IN IIICUMON)D.
Ther Princess Orders a New llath Tub
aund her l[u.baud Tastes a tliat
ltt'il.oxn, Jan. IG-The Marquis
of Lorne and Princess Louise spent a
quiet, though to the former an inter
esting day in the capital of the late
Southern Confederacy, which city they
had so much desired to see as to travel
several h undred miles out of their way.
The Princess Louise did not leave her
hotel, owing to fatigue after her long
journey. Over-curious sightseers were
repaid for lounging about the hotel
with a gain of some ideas of royalty.
Early in the morning the Princess de
sired to take a bath, but declined to
use the tub in her suite of rooms, be
cause it was not new. A plumber had
to be sent for and a new bath tub
placed in the bath room, after which
her Royal Highness enjoyed her bath.
The suite of rooms occupied by the
Marquis and Princess is the same that
was assigned to the Prince of Wales on
the occasion of his visit before the
war. It was on that occasion that Jim
Cooke, a famous Virginia concoctor of
drinks, made for the Prince of Wales
the first mint julep his Royal Highness
ever tasted, and which so pleased him
that he used the now historic expression
"Give me another glass of that stuff
with grass and a straw in it." lie also
showed his delight by giving the
bar-kceper a $20gold piece, the highest
price known to have been paid for a
julep. The big julep cup from which
the Prince drank has been preserved
with almost religious care in the hotel,
but to-day it was taken from under
lock and key and sent to the Marquis
with the first mint julep in it since its
rim was pressed by the lips of thie
Prince of Wales. The Marquis spent [
much of his time in the State House
examining the souvenirs of the Con
federate Government, among them the
original copy of Stonewall Jackson's
last despatch, some of his letters, the
ordinance of secession, and other relics
of the Confederacy in which he took
great interest, as he did also In the
portraits of the Viceregal Governors of
Virginia. Among the colored people
the impression prevailed that Queen
Victoria was in the city, and they were
much excited over it.
Gov. Cameron was uhable to meet
the visitors, owing to the prevalence of
small-pox In his family. IHe, however
sent his welcome and regrets through
his private secretary. At 2 o'clock
Mayor Carrington, with the Presidents
of the Common Council and Board of
Aldermen and a committee of citizens,
called upon the Marquis at the hotel,
where the Mayor made a brief address
of welcome to, the distinguisbed visi
tors, assuring them ot thesincere love
of our people for her gracious Majesty
Queen Victoria and the people of
Great Britain. Later in the afternoon
the I'rinccss Louise and o a drove
aboub the city ill carri s.
AN AhITI''1131)FI'ICAL CURIOSITY.
To lld the day of the week for any
date within the first thirty centuries of
the Christian ora:
From the number indicating the year
drop all to the left of the tens. To this
result add its fourth part (regardless of I
any remainder), the day of the month,
and index of the century. Divide the
sum by 7, and the remainder will be
the day of the week, counting Sunday
1, Monday 2, Tuesday 3, Wednesday
4, Thursday 5, Priday 6, and Satuilay, .
'rA il.S m ' IN i 1('Is FOs ' MON.'PHs.
January... :3 May... .4 September....
I'ebruary...(; June....0 October.........
March.......G .uly ....2 November....6
Aprial......2 Aug...) 5 December.....
For Leap Year the indices for Janu
ary and Febuary would each be one
less than in the above table:
TA lI.1 (,r INI" (t)l', FOR ( ENTItt (il:
0--Index for 8,9, 18, 22, 2~, :iO.
I --Index for 1,8, 11.
2-Indulex forO0, 7, 15, 17, 21, 25, 29.
:-Index fur 6, 1:1.
i-Index for .3, 12, 1G, 24, 21, 25.
.--Index for 4', II, 19, 2, :17.
7-Index for :i, 1, 0.
To lind the index of the century for
any given y;ear, lind in tile table the
numbher drlria i tr., Tlime year, and its
index will be tlie index require 1.
Itt:luirur'd upon what day of the week
the 1 eclaration of Indleperndence was
signedl, .July 1, 177(; :
D)rop 17, and we have......................7(i
Add its fourth part.........................19
Add thie day of thie mnonth..................4
Addl indiex of the monrth....................2
Add iondie: of tlhe century...............2
iiil - renn:m iniig, or Thursday, answer.
A S~tation muaster in India toIlograplh
r,, "20 miles to the central authorities:
'rTiger jumping about on platform.
l'haqsre tehlgraph instructions." Ther
fact is that the -tation master was una
ble to get to the signal station owiing
to tile pres.-nce of a tiger on the plat
forum, anti in order to avoid an appre
hlendll collision h(e telegraphed to the
hli:al olice forinstructions to bie sent to
tihe next signal box that an approach
Iril,, mthiglbl lit' -I "luit it t Ime.
TIIEI FINAL REST.
[lltdou Rlougo Truth.l
At last it may with truth be said of
the remains of the soldiers and their
relatives who were interred in the
Barracks Cemetery that:
'On11 fano's etral camlllping ground,
Their silout tonts are spread,
AndiI.gloit guards with sollemn round
The bllvouac of the dead,"
for they now rest In the National Ceme
tery, fromn which, in all probability,
they will never be removed. The
twenty-one tombs at the Barracks con
tained the remains of twenty-five per
sons; tile names of whom have already
been published in the Truth. For them.
"Thli noietghingLstood, the lashing blade,
TheU btgle's stirring blast,
'iheo charge, the dreld'ful elcannonde,
Tho din and s:eout are palt,"
and they sleep under the stones origi
nally erected over their graves. With
few exceptions, little remained of the
bodies beyond a mass of crumbling
bones. The body of First Lieut. John
A. Mebane, however, which was buried
in an iron coffin, was as perfect as if
only recently interred. This fact was
ascertained by sliding back tie lid
covering the glass over the face. The
remains of Capt. Thomas iLarlker were
also in a fair state of preservation; but
of Dr. 11. F. l1arneynnd Capt. James
M. Morgan, and theothers, the bones
alone remained. Somo of the bodies
had been originally brought from far
to rest among those of their deceased
comnrades, in order that:
"Their own plroud Illd's heroin .,oil
Shoeld make their Ill or gave;
She -clahuned frolll w11 his rLches spoil-
'The ashes of the brave."
Of the twenty-flive, four are classed
as unknown. Two of these, however,
are the remains of the two young lieu
tenants, Itogers and Miles, of one of
the thrsat-if not the lirst-l'nited States
regiments wihich came to Baton lRouge
after the withdrawal of the Spaniards,
the details of which event are now
familiar to our readers as a matter of
history. Aelut. togers received a
slight from his comrade at a social
gathering, and a duel with pistols oe
sulted. The combatants met within
the barracks, and fell dead at the sanme
shot. No clue exists towards the identi
fication of the other two unknown.
They formerly occupied tihe saue
grave, but now sleep in sopnrate ea:rth
"No rllllor ofr l o ti 'i.ldvatlloe
No swellhs uIon he w itd,
No troulledl thought Iit nititighh itiutst
01 loved ones Ilol hIohitul,"
"No visions of the IIiorrow's dt rife.
The warrior's dtreaoml alarlnl
No brayting horn, nIor Creai' ing I: hio
At dawnt sai:ill call to arms."
BEAUTIFUl WOIIRDS TO A BIIII)E.
The following beautiful letter was
written several years ago, by a gentle
man to ia bride, on receiving her wed
ding cards. It is exquisitely fresh and
original, and full of poetry:
''I am holding some pasteboard in
my hand, Adhile, and gazing on at card(
atnd a natie--a name with which your
gentlet life begal--:i name with which
your throbbing heart was lost. 'There
was nothing strange about the carid.
The maiden sign still looks fromn it
carlmn and customary, as it looked onI
many a friendly visit, as it lies in many
a formal basket. 1 ant gazing, too,
upon a card where the dear parent
tells the world she will be 'at home'
one day; and that is nothing new. But
there is another card, whose! mingling
there puts a flery tonguo into this
speechless pasteboard enameling fate
on commnon-place. It tells us that
feeling is maturing into destiny, and
that these ends are but tile pale heralds
ofa coming crisis, when a hand that
has presse(d friends' halltndl anid plucked
flowers shall close down on hin to
whom she shall bIe lfriend ami flower
"l have sent you It few flowers to
adorn the (lying Inorllents of your sin
gle life. They taro the genlltlst types of
a delicate friendl(ship. 'Thoy slpinrig tpt
by our side when others Ihave deserted
it, andl they will bIe fouind watching
over our grave whenl those- who sihoulld
cherish us have forgotten us.
lThe three great stages of our being
are the birth, the btril:al Ithe burial. To
tile first we hring only we\\akness; for tile
last we have niothlinlg but lul-t. lBut hero
at til, e atar, where life joins life, the
pair c:oin throbbing upto thlie holy man,
whispering the d(eep prornise that arms'
each other with each other's heart to
help on t(ie life's struggle of ciro and
'"The bcautiful will b there, know
ing uew beauty frotm tihe s'c(ne; Ilht
gay and the frivolous, they anllll their
ilounces, will coime to gaws onl tll its
scatteredl thouglhts hnt for; atinll aig
will totter up to hIl.'r thIl: old word-i r(e
peated that to theiir own lives Iiive.
given the charm.
"'Time will weeliuvir it :li ii it wi.re
the tomb, and 5ilI1i' will iltugl ever it
iat if it were a jokle. 'T'w' rl-I l;ntl'
by it, fi;r it is fate--not in -tht- is -r
lasting t tacking ef the iri i iv -.
"Ad nio nw can you wiaJi tiav ii" l''
cii it over so maiiiy hteilenid tI,,'. i, c.11n
you conie miownait iil-ii toy Ith' fglnt
tlielt (of a singlo h(le::t:'
,,lithlierto 'you have ,(i' a clck,
givit:g your tiiei to all th(e wrl i.
- ,Now you arc a watch, htintii il one
particular bosorri, watc(:hiug his breast,
marking only hi-s nours, and tlekinrig
only to tlie heat of hii heiart-whlir:
til the lower ties are lost in that higher
wedlock where all hearts are united
around the great central heart of all.
"lloping -that calm sunshine may
hallow your clasped hands, I sink
silently into a signature."
STORIES AltOUT RATS.
[Now Ooanus States, 10th.]
A HIA" WAI.KING ATELEGRAPII WIRE
A rat on a telegraph wire caused a
great sensation this morning in the
neighborhood of St. Charles and Gravy
ler streets. How he ever got in'bis
perilous position no one knows, but he
was discovered about eight o'clock
walking along the wire in front of the
Western Union office. Ifa new comet
had suddenly burst forth in broad day
light, it could not have caused more
excitement than the appearance of this
rodent in his wire walking 'perform
ance. The street soon filled with a
throng of people who gazed at the ani
nal with open-mouthed astonishment,
all unmindful of the falling rain.
I Is ratship wallecd down St. Charles
street, passed the St. Charles hotel to
Common street, and then retraced his
steps. 1 o kept this exhibition up for
half an hour, and finally, to vary the
monotony, turned Common street and
walked as far as Miller's saloon. At
this stage of the proceeding, seven or
eight small boys with small pleces of
wood began throwing at the telegraph
wire, using the rat as a target.
Every now and then the rat would
be knocked over and would have fallen
to the ground had lIe not caught him
self by his tail.
After half an hour's throwing the rat
tumbled over from exhaustion and was
at once killed by the boys.
Two [wisc-looking men, after the
murder, began discussing the fall and
one held that a blow knocked the rat
otrol his [guard, whilo the other was
equally ascertain that the rat fell over
A third party stopped up and stopped
the heated discussion by averring that
the rat was dead, and there was no
means of deciding the point. This
adjourned lhe meeting.
V\'r.i n (Novalida) lterprliso.
'riI: lA'T ItAS FOU'Nl) A FRItI1IND.).
Old miners have a great respect for
rats of the lower levels. They nelther
kill the rats nor suller them to be killed
by green hands. In the first place.
where there Is no other reason, a dead
rat left underground would scent up a
whole level, and in the second place,
the living rats devour any bones, scraps
of meat, or fragments of other food
left in the mines, which would, by
their decay, vitiate the air, generally
hot and unpleasant at best. ltats also
give warning when a cave is about
to occur. They feel the pressure of the
settling ground even before the cracking
of the timbers is heard, and come forth
upon the floors and scamper uneasily
about by scores. For these and other
reasons the minerl's have a friendly
feeling toward the rats, feeding and
protecting them,. in nearly every
mine, the mInelrs have one or more of
the litlo animnlai as pots, and these
aro quite tamno, comiing out of their
holes to ho fed at lunch time. When
rats come into at new drift or crosscut,
it is considered a good sign-is thought
to mean that the men will strike ore.
The other day, while the/men were at
work in the face of the new west cross
cut on thle .'701 level of the Sierra Ne
vada Mlillne, a rat came into them,
traveling along "the line of the com
pressed air-pipe. Home oi the new
hands wanted to kill it, but the old
miners would not allow it to be hurt.
They said it would bring luck to the
crosscut. to they flxcd up In the roof
of the draft a box as a hiouse for the rat
and piiicei food nealr at hland, in order
that it might linrl it neIW quarters
profitable Ias well is eomnlrihittble. There
is muach talk am:nong tite millners about
the c llloin g of that rat, lnd the men of
the new e'rosiscut are very proud of it,
1111 have high hIolIes oil account of its
preienc.il We unto the man who shall
itentionally kill that Morra N(evadal
"'l)ot von It an l wltcli w thich
shust now der door udl" said lMoses
"l uhrlnin to a frienld who had droppled
into hlis store.
'W\Vly so?''" iluired tile friclil.
''ile insult ine liit lily owi'n shitore.'.
<`Well, wbihat 'iii hle ,-my"
''lie sly dot bile of bannir uil nmk
good ,liituck 5truiiii iri mint il chi(hsi 1iw
i \'hy ji hi't yoii talk luak to Iiimii1"
Vy hiini't I.' Ih' y3'olll liools I
' alit ,id ill v in S "y?''
tri"lly ilmnihii kimd, according lo the
i.-.tlim iiiy of Ilr. 'l'hiinmas ()O hilrit e, ci
T'ex1 -. ThIleise \vhi:hd lleW|'illei'r mnc'li
who 1u:iitul'red hi, Iaily liuly, will now
I,, i'iitteil t o ilirnl t ilton thou' cril'i
Ifriim Ininlaiiiii on i' xi'irznion, and
w\hlen she wa I askell why ,he was in
ut'ili -a hurry to hiave, sici rellied :
''1 've got tii; yiilu'i :141 how I canmo
in li i 4' .'rliOu tIrain :nli ll"y li'k,.t
" I-'iit!, Iin i;t." /.I