Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XXIV. MONROE, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1889. NUMBER 2..
. FORTIFIED BY FIRE. A'ltrfedlse Tihat Will Baime an Iron clad Fleet. [New York World.] Thi' natton may have to go to war at a moment's notice. In such aut eVerit ilmmediate defense of the sea pirtis will te necessary. Word comia tromu Washington that the fertile Amerlean mind has grappled with the subject, and that the armored ships of Euroepe will be held at bay by flooding the harbor entrances withll, blazing pe. trolithm, conveyed under the ship channels through submerged pipes. A,: itwerful company of capitalists, ii!re'ady organiz d, with Inillions of lbltt,l hit-!and it, has Jproposed to the ktivelinment a plan to defentd the en "rnie I lso athouts by forcing petroleum t'fhe u' rofllrn ,.f tihe water through :pipes laitl at the bottoml for that pur. wose and igniting it with a burning bohIh, titus crenting a sea of fire, tlhrough which the enemy's fleet must ptss. An expe.rinlent will soon be itell,, to dt.lolustrate the practicability of Iie plat, atld the apparatus neces ary iy now ready. Thlis is no insane tjteory. , It is a revolution. It is just what thtis cuntry has been looking for. (unrllaer its application in defensae of New York and Brooklyn. An eue tn3'd Irolelad fleet arrives off Bandy Hoo,k. As long as they can be kept oiutside the hook there will be little danger, and the people may go about tineir business as usual, for, although guntN have been built thltt would throw Iprjectiles from Sandy Hook to Brook lyn, the gun carriages on board ship do ntt admit of a sufllcientt televation of the guns to attfain that range. The eetuy must come inside, up t,ear tile Nantroes, at leat, to bring tlhte guns to bear effitlively. Their vessels-nearly all foreign iroi.clads-draw hotweetu tiwetlty live anld thirty feet of water. 'T'hly mu-st maneuver with cautiou, a theirefotre, andtl avoidt all shoal places, a entering otnly threugh the main ship a lshannel; the vessels of lighter draft through thle Swash Cannel, perhaps. Buried In the sand on tihe Hook, and i ti underground passages on the Ltng islenit! shore, the plants and machinery willbe established for forcing the pe troleum as desired. From each of these stations a system of many piprs will be I laid, running to different points in the i main ship channels at intervals of a few hundred feet apart, beginning at theextremtne seaward entrance of the channel. The pipes will be fitted with valves, which will be closed by the.1 water pressure, but opened by the by draul e power used to force the petro lenn from the reservoirs. Sose of these pipes may even be brought to the surface in shoal water, and being pointed towardt the channel, the pe. troleum may be tired in a stream from a cnstiderable distance, and fall In the track of vessels at different poiuts. THlE BATTIE. The enemy decides to enter and forms in column, one vessel ahead of the other, to steam through the narrow elannels. They ican only come in at high water, or at beginning of the ebb. As the leading vessel approaches the entrance to the channel heavy charges of petroleumt are fired through the neasrest pipes, and, rising to the sur fare, spread over a wide area. At the saeue time the dynamite guns, placedi ill the proper positions, throw a nutn ber of burning and inextinguishable! bitoys, which fall in the channel and set fire to the petroleum. These bouys, being light, ruay be thrown a great distance from guns hidden from view, sunk in emplacementshon shore. Capt. Zellnski has proposed to throw such tt,uys to light up the water that guns on, shore may be trained upon vessels attempting to enter harbors at night. T'te bony scheme is perfectly feasible pad may be utilized to ignite the pe troleum. The fire spreads rapidly, but the leading vessel dashes ahead, noth ing daunted, thinking to pass beyond the limits of the fire, followed by the ships in the rear. But as they proceed charge after charge of petro leum will be forced through the pipes successively as they are approached, sad the flaming bouys will continue to fall. The oil, spreading over the sur face of the water, but thickest in the channel, soon becomes a lake of fire, enveloping the ships, IIBURIED IN TIIE SMOKE. An Iron ship may not burn, though it will make a good furnace. But tihe smoke-that Iust not be forgotten ! It ls well known that the smoke will ble an important element in fIture naval battles. 'cssels tf great speed will race each other, friend sinking friend. The smoker from the burning ielroleum will envelop the enemy in Iteavy clouds, making it impossible for them to see ea'ch (,ther or the shore. The Itarbor bouys will all be removed in time of war, antd the ofllcelr, not Ieing able to see the landmarks, can nott get their bearings to steer by. They rusy attempt to steer by compass, but thlt will not save them in a narrow channel. What will they do? They cannot tlitrn in the narrow channel. Signals cannot he seeu. If one ship stops, the one astern runs her dlown. 'They cannot get out again as they ecsmn in. The utmost confusion-a panie will be the result. Some ships will get aground wbile groping about in thle smoke and fltmes. Worse still, some of the surface pipes will fire the petroleum high into the air, landing it on the decks and against the sides of the ironclals. They will not burn, oIfl course, but the petroleum wilt. It will be ignited by the fire on the surfaea of the water, and the flames will creep up the sides, setting fire to boats and all exposed woodwork. The flames running up the side may reach the ports and tbb guns. I THE ENEICY'P GUNS USELESS. 9 The gunners can see nothing. They u cannot aim their guns, surrounded by , a cloud of dense black smoke. The v stifling . fumes of fiereely burning j petroleum will render the crews help.- d less if it does not suffocate them. And c while the enemy's ships are thus inex tricably mixed, bewildered and I fgfround, other means of attack may I be used to compllete their destruction. 9 The dynamite gun mounted ashore on c a tixed platform is acknowledged to be (mrondetfully accurate, and at a known d range shell after shell may be throw-r c among the enemy's fleet. Small, fast o vessel', with their bows strengthened a for ramming, may dash out from in- v side tile Narrows, anid with their crews v protected from the smoke, may rush a upon the helpless enemy who can not I use his guns to keep them off, and C thus sink his ships. A fleet in this po o sition, while it can see nothing, can ti itself be seen from the shore and thus a be a target for all guns and torpedo it boats. A few vessels of the Vesuvius b type, 'however vulnerable to shot, .e would be of greatest service when the iI enemy, shut in by the smoke, could ri not train his guns upon them. )yna mnie, tire and smoke combined would (I leave nothing of the proud ironcladt fleet of the enemy. They may come e to these shores prepared to fight the n usual weapons-guns and torpedoes- it but they will not be teady, like Cus- sa ter's cavalry, to ,"charge through hell .o and back again." e A Greeting to Gen. UBeauregard. We have been granted the privilege n of putsuiog the following letter ad- a dressed to the most famous of Luisi- ii ean's sons, living or dead, by an emi- v nent officer and high authority on 9 strategy of that nation from which g Gen Beauregard himself takes his ori- ta gin. It is our belief that this very comn- o plimentary communication to Gen. Beauregard from Gen. Pierron, profes- a sor of strategy in the French "Superior it School of War," will be read with in- v tereat by every Southern man : a "SATNT OEaRI (FRANCE),? It Jan. 6, 1889. as General-Do me the honor to accept r an essay published by me under the p title of "*How the Military Genius of a Napoleon was Developed." fB When visiting the battlefields of the g United States in 1807, I could not but admire the operations so ably directed a by you at Bull Itun, Charleston, 13ir- t+ muds Hundreds (Drury's Bluff) C As a lecturer on strategy in our "S1- o perior School of War," I found in Col. p Alfred Roman's fine work the means b of demonstrating how splendid and im- c portant was your thought ofconcentra- 3 ting forces at the battle of Shiloh, and fi which well nigh destroyed Gen. Grant. p Your plans for the active defense of C Charleston, now models in sea coast de- ft tc.ses, and yours of 1864 for the mass- I log of forces to crush Butler, then 1 Grant, but unaccountably rejected by v P',esident Davie. t The officers of our ,"Superior School h of War" are fully impressed with your I maxim : "i'ho art of war is the art of p opposing masses to factions." t4 I have translated fur the use of those v officers the most important passages of 1 of Col. Alfred Romans book; and should C the testimony of a General front a dis- 1 tant land be of interest to you, then v accept the assurrnce that we feel a pe- I culiat pride in the knowledge that P. f U. T. Beauregard bears a French name a and is the worthy scion of one of Ihe E noblest families of old France. I remain, General, your obedient I servant, (iGEN.PrIt.RON, at St.Omer, France." d It will be a source of satisfaction to t Louisiana to obtain another proof that I the most prominent soldier whom their t State furnished to the great struggle of I a quarter of a century ago iseven more v thoroughly appreciated and more high- 3 ly admired among E.uropean critics c and students of war ilasn in his own I country. I Gen. IBeauregard's pre-eminence as a ( military engineer has, of couse, been always beyond dispute. (fen. Pierrou, i however, has in his brief remarks shown a just appreciation of our Louis- I lunts General's skill in the ha:ndling of e troops on the battlefield and in time preleminary strategic work of tran l,,rt • and concentitration. Nobody who is at all famniliar with I European society-and( especially with European military citcles--can have failed to be impressed by the high es timation which those observers from a distance, who, according to the fami- , liar saying, are apt to see mo: oft tile game, and who must necesserily Ie imtpartial in their judgmemt, have formed of thosre operations in our civil war which were conducted by (Gen. Ieauregard. 'L'tlere are few names upomn either side in that contest which are so well knowu iin Eirol,e. \Ve spoke of Ben.' Beauregard just now as the most famous of f..ouisilan' , sous, living or dead ; elr we spoke of him thus, because we well know that his nnme is familiar to thousands of well SeducatcI persons throughout the world, who woull lind it imlprssille to name ally olther nlan ever hiri iI L.uuisisua.-2linmes-Je,,',dct. REINICETIL AND REL. G--L OU. . The Consecration of Bishop Polk. 1 Touching Incident of Ills Death. [Cincinnatilcommerclal Gazette, 20th. i The consecratllo of the Rev. Dr. Boyd Vincent to the bishopric of t Southern Ohio, which took place Jan. nary 25, the day kept by the church in memory of the conversion of S'. Paul, was an occasion of unusual Interest. But once before in the history of this diocese has this solemn function been celebrated here, and that was a full half century ago, when Rev. Leonidas Polk was consecrated by the venerable Bishop Meade, of Pennsylvania, Bishop Smith and Bishop Otey at Christ church, December 9, 1838. Bishop Mcllvaine, of Ohio-the gol- I den mouthed McIlavaine, as he was called-preached the sermon. lie was one of the great churchmen of his day, s and was. himself consecrated by the venerable Bishop White. One looks in vain of the newspapers of that day for any mention of this interesting event. December 9, 183S, was a Sunday. The I Gazette of December 10 is as iunocent C of local news as if it were published in I the planet Mars. And the only hint of the religious life of the community is contained in an advertisement of a book shop, on Pearl street, announcing 9 ,"A new supply of family Bibles (very large type) plain and extra, is this day received." A Rage of the Gazette of that date is e devoted to the publication of President Van Buren's message. It gives a little editorial flourish about getting this momentous document doff the press" e in three hours and a half, in an extra h sheet, and calmly explains that the *"reprint" in that day is for conveni ence, and (delicious ulsregard of the counting-room) "the advertisements I left out in consequence will appear the a next day." Notwithstanding this tre mendous pressure upon the columns of I the paper, a column and a half is de voted to a gruesome story, "'The Mad Marcer ; A True Tale," and space is f given to a Columbus correspondent who talks of pig-stlcking as the '"slaughter 1 of the swinish multitude." The historian of the future will owe a debt of gratitude to the daily journal ist that he cab not easily repay, for he a will find set down there the trifles light as air that ate recorded nowhere else. He will find the very tint of the gown some great ancestress wore, the very rose in her bodice, her smiles and dim ples, a list of her swains and the day she was wedded, all preserved like ] flies in amber. But to-day, of the past I generation, not a whimpir. f It seems almost incredible that the a space of three lives can carry us back t to these days - early days of the t Church. Yet so it is. Mr. S. P. Bish. op, secretary of the Safe Deposit Com- 1 pany, whose half century will be cele- t brated next May, was present at the 3 consecration of Bishop Polk by Bishop c McIlvalne. He might have heard t from the lips of this "golden-mouthed" a prelate the history of the Episcopal t Church in America as he had heard it t from the lips of the first Bishop of the a English line, the venerable Bishop I White of Pennsylvania, by whom he a was consecrated, who had crossed I the ocean to be ordained at the t hands of English prelates, mak- c Ing, according to the canon so t provided, a declaration of allegiance c to the Kintg. This youthful candidate '] was ordained deacon December 23, c 1770, by the Bishop of Norwich, in the t Chapel Royal at St. James' I'.arish, t Westminister. Six months later he t was ordained to the priesthood by the I Bishop of Lincoln. lie left England a for home on a packet ship in June, and reached Philadelphia the following a September. Bishop Stevens, in his mn:nograph of '] Bishop White says : "Ilow-little did the acturs in that or. dination scene foresee the great events t that hinged upon that service. The Lord Bishop of Norwich then kneeling i before him to receive by the impost lion of his hands the ofilfe of a deacon, little imagined that sixteen years later, he would kneel in the chapel of the Archiepiscopal palace at Lam ,heth, to be consecrated as the first Bishop of the English line for the Church in the United States; and little did the youthful candidate dreamn as he rose from his knees and stood trem. bling upon the threshold of a ministry which stretched itself onward five and sixty years, through him would be transmitted the succession of the Au- i glican Epi-copate to a sister national C'urch in America. Still less did the handsome, briliamnt, earnest, young lirishopl Polk, ituveslted by loving hands with the cr':tier of the Uoodl SIhelhIerd, dreamn that the dread sumt uotusa that ione many disregardl should cote' to hill upon the Bielt of battle, arned cup-a-pie, and lighting mristnk enly for a '"lust cause." T''he life of 13ishop Polk was lull of interest and incident. l)r. John Ful. it,, in his monograph, contributed to the Church history, says Bishop 'Pulk inherited an ampllees!ate, to which hits marrfsge with the heiress oi a branch of the notilo houue of I)vetcux, estatb lished in SNurth Caroina, addetd a princely fortune; though a succession, I of losses, occasioned by the withdrawal I of his attentullon fromn temporal affairs, which was Involved in his perfur mance of ecclesiastical duties, sublse Sqlently very much reduced hIis pr perty. At an early age he was gradu. ted at West Point and was commission-" ed in the army of the United States. Under the unstructions of Dr. Mc- ' Ilvaiue, ehaplain at West Point and afterwards Bishop of Ohio, his mind had been directed to the churchb, rind, after a few months of servies in thve array, he resigned his eommlssion to become a cantlidete for orders. In April, 1830, he was ordained deacon s by Bishop Moore of Virginia, with I whom he continued to serve a time as I assistant minister of the Monumental I Church, Richmond; In little more I than a year his health failed and he i vislted Europe. In 1833 he settled at a Columbia, Tenn., and in 1838, at the I age of thirty-two, he was called to the l eplecopate as Missionary Bishop of Arkansas, with provisional jurisdiction ' tn Alabama, Mississippi antd the (then) I Republic of Texa.. In 1841 he was a elected Blishlop of Louisiana, and re- I signed his missionary jurlsdletior. In c his personal appearance Polk had great I advantages; Of good stature and erect t military carriage, broad-shouldered a atnd deep in the chest with a well. I poined, shapely head, strong, but finely I cut features, ooe white lock overhang- I log his wide forehead, clear complex.a ion and keen but frank and kindly I blue eyes, the first glance recogniled I him as a man to be obeyed; a closer I scrutiny revealed him as a man whom i noble men might love and meaner t men might fear. In scholarly atlain ments he was not so fortunate. His I education had been mainly at West Point, and wasscientific not literary. Of classics he knew little; theology c not much ; of common law, with the exceptilon of our small American code, c he knew nothing at all. In conversation he was wonderfully t cbarming. In preaching and writing I he was clear and vigorous. He did a great and noble work in the church, 1 and entered the Confederate army as a c matter of conscience. He was killed d by a cannon ball at Pine IIll, near c Marietta, Ga., June 14, 1804. In his a left breast pocket, near his heart, was a found his Book of Common Prayer,I and in the right were three copies of a I little manual entitled, ,Barlm for the I Weary and Wounded," in which only I the day before he had written the i names of Gens. J. E. Johnston, flood I and Hardee. All were satorated with ( his blood. ? The Nheooetiag oen Lilttle River. SThe RHerald not being in possesscon of the facts concerning the shooting of Robert Morgan by Joe Thompson on Little river some days ago, refrained from mentioning the same. Since then a representative of the Herald has In terviewed Mr. Thompson and elicited the following facts: Miss ()!lie, the stepdaughter of Mr. Thompson, was married on the day the trouble occurred, and a number of young men, wishing to celebrate the event, asked Mr. Thompson to allow a them to use his house in order to give a dlance. Mr. T. agreed to this, but told the young people that they, would havy to condiuct themselves in a peaceable and quiet manner or lie would not sl. low inti use of the house. A short titme after the plleasantries commenced Robt. Morgan, who had been drinking, became boisterous and Mr. Thompson ordered him to behave or leave the house, when he (Morgan), with an oath, said he would go. Thereupon Thompson went to the gate to see him out, wlihen a crowd gathered and caught hold of Tllompson, who put his hand to Morgan's cheek and turned his bead I1 toward the road leading to his home. t lie (Morgan) walked a few steps and I suddenly wheeled around and fired at Thompson, the ball missing him and a striking E. C. lliggins, inflicting a c elight wound across the breast. Mr. t Thompson says that if the ball hard not struck the clothing of Higgins, it wouldt have killed him. After firing t the first shot Morgan attemnpted to fire I again, when Thompson seeing his life a in danger pulled his revolver, and I with lightning rapidity fired four shots I at Morgan, however, but one taking a effect, and that in the right sidte. Thonpson says tie was ldoing no more I than defending his own home and his I own life, and regrets the occurrence very tmuchh, but under the c.ircntustatn ces says he would rot hesitate one mno tmnot to do so again. I Mr. Thomnpson surrendred to Sheriff Robb, who did not place him under arrest, the grand jury beilng in session at the time. Morgan is very seriously wounded, unit may die. lie sent for Mr. Tl'onmpson and asked his forgive. nes*, acknowludginlg that he was the .1 If 711ElrT I XI'lIII. IIlIi I .1 L. t10 Slts MAI:1.) I;Iady, *Iolu tk t norne, an loe , pt 1, ly, WVitl zejitl t. erve thei . Yent tdi 'trui.'t li I, YVii vi, uint, tin reinl thtin-i perr e·n aol K rutrn 'll kn on, it. " ,, 'ietl full t rilbuto to the o w t It ii ,"ue 1 orstirriatoso high. A i every rldent fetlitng try. Sive thle niiias. ini g grace Tuit. diwel1l- up-.in tOy genitin ' 1'. , 'T'nnt iteauty Iloarillig Iroui a futaci Wthich n h,,u.i ' the n,:rt within is wart,,. Ifr.snt ('.TA . (ihitaekanm's Chill Toonic, liitI in the - Wothl." No poisons. ('llre glsranteuel. Sild by all druggists. The CLrcle ltog Wht .W.htagoa. larrraed---T ather 9` AIs teoUs. try ttteselt a".t"alais Lecture. LWrittett for the Courler-Jouma., The usetig famiy,. wiAh whiehb 4the ! Father of his Qountry+ ialtmarisled]i, was one of the pronmfneit famities otf the grand old Conmonwealtbh, the I mother of States and.'the maothe of Presidents, moe :than ataundred years ago. Not only, were ta;y 'prominaet socially and politically, but, if al storlee may be taken at par, thbyt~re prominent In self-will 'nd 'batiiie, I and a great love of having 'ýtslefow~ I way la matters and- tbinlge emesey. I This frequently led tr.fmily -atm, I some of whlck wqre eqal, t,a good sized and full.f 'edp earhqp1 e. Every now atld then''e Ite bt o i' , of these '"domestic diseddlosion" in the family of the "first President!' and I that the 'first lady of the Repbli"o'. sometimes made it unpleasantly warm t for the first President. That the t immortal George was occaslonally s treated to a *"curtain lecture" by blehis selfiilled spouse, thete is probably little doubt. For instance: A visitor heard her one night after they had retired to their l"downy coucheg," administering to her lord a severe reproof, which continued for quite'l I while without any response frona tbh I latter, until, as it seemed, "forbearance t ceased to be a virtue," when the' deep e voice of the President was heaild; "There, that will do. Good night, I dear," and the creaking of his bed I denoted his turning over, while a I deep, "sonorous snore" soon announc. 4 ed him Insensible to further '"curtain lectures." I The Cuastise sometimes catught a i Tarter, as shown by the following ila I cident, which I stumbled on the other e day, while rummaging through a filet of old papers, published forty years ago in an obscure country town. The I article in which the incident was found, was entitled, "Notes of Travel C in Virginia," and seemed to be writ, I ten by one traveling in Virginia near t the Etsterth Shore, and writing to his b home paper. With a slight change in c phraseology now and .theo, the incl. dent is as follows: "WVe turned asidqe from our path a space to visit an oh. I ject of some curiosity, which is one of I the 'lions' of the 'Essterh Shore'. I This is an ancient vault, belonging to C a member of the 'Custls' family, alI branch of the same stock with which i Washington intermarried. It lies up- t on a fine old farmstead looking out upon 'the Bay' (Obhesapeake), and c occupies the center of a large feld, the only prominent object, sheltered by I some trees. This vault is of white I marble, elaborately carved in London, I in a state of partial dilapidation. The I curious feature about it consists in Its r inscription, which ran thus: I 'U'Under this marble tomb lies the bndy a of the lION. JOhN oCItbTIL, ESQ., of the City of Williamsburg and Parish of I Itorton, formerly of lfungar's Par i-uh on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, and County of Nort.hampton: aged seventy one1 years, and ytet he li'~iel butt .evei .year, h. ',ichI woan the space of time he kept i, DInahelor's home at Arlingto,n, onl the Eastern Bhore of Virginia. Tihe inscription, I was told by an other on the opposite side, was put on the tomb by his own positive orders. The gist of it, as our lady readers will be pleased to perceive, consists in the lines we have italicised ; the force of which will be better felt and under stood from the additional facidol, which does not appear, that this bachelor, who 'lived' only in his bachelor condition, was actually married three times. His experience, if we are to believe his epi taph, was greatly adverse to any hali. pimnes in the marriage slate; yet, how strange that ieR should have ventured thrice upon it. The nalural conclusilon is, thlat the lion. John Curtis was a singularly just arnd consciontious man, who, unwilling Into do the sex any wrong by a premature Judgment, gave thems full andl fair trial, at the expense of his own happines, niod pronounced judg. noent only after his repeated experl nnment. Tradition has preserved some anecdotes of the experience which he enjoyed in the marriage state, oniu. of which I will relate: "It appears that theu lon. John was driving out in his ancient coach with one of his wives, and, todo him justice, we must aseuro the reader that be had but one at a time, and inn the neighbor hood of the very spot to which we our jselvces are tening--Ceule Charles. A matrinonlnil tlicussion ensued between tithe lair, which warmed as they pro-, needed. Tlie gentlt'omnt grew atngry, tine lady vociferous. '"'lt wis the ]iannonul,' ' a-idI onne, nnutd ,i insist,' 'mIii h thi ih .r, 'that it waRs the club.' Si')You will drive rnn,. ,nn;,l,' said John Custisi. ,' ,i e out: i eail htll nioni.r hln I triv intg,' rctorted the wif". i'lly- !" lie xclraletin,,, ·'ii you say another wordl, I will drive loiwn into the sea.' 'thney were even then upon the bh'nch (Cihesulneake 15Jy). " 'Anther word!' screamed the' lady. 'I)rive where you please,' she addeid--int', the sea: I ctn go as deep as you dare go, any day.' 'I ,le hcSIno lllurious, look her at her worl altll drove tile horsesr and chariot lnto the water. They began to swim. e beod In, irlok. Ijto her tape, asn, arJ Wlty'do y ueaopf'abee deeskadcd ° exultingly, not a whit alarmed. " '+You are a devil ' he exclelaimed, flinging the horse abuoat, and maklng for the shore with all expedition " ,Pooh poob I laughed hie torment or. 'Learn from 'thrsthat theqo is no place where oao dae .l go wheire I dare not accomppany you.' "'uEve to'b-ve '' 'Eno balty ext?*tlon,' sbe'halewe lsavsyo. She bad coquerd. e never do've in 'at Cupe Cbsr ege ps btr groluead with the i oa o the seven years' -bVletld e thit' Ar. lington." ---c r . e T: h , with sAll' their, Msitie-lsIf. wlle~dartobbor nee Qaoin eat hie spatob, oand iq the psie :,u1 his bosom found 'a foema of his steel." May not the ltart Pfbloia be credited witbh. a as,Ilr FletO0, though more easily obta-il. when he bade his wife an ih~ettonategoed-n'ight at the end of her enrtaln Ietre? W. R. Panarw. Pregresole tHettels la Agriealtre. [N. O. Olty Item;3' The State Agrloltral C:Oonventlon held last week at Monroe was mqe of the largest agllesitaal m-eeetings ever assembled L LoulalanW, gad wase a evqry respect a grad erncess. Th6 Importanoe of them igrteuhtt'Mk' gatirlngs and not be: orIessiasteg; Farmers as a" rule are. not prtgreshslv ualea driven by neceseity or litmalat' ed by the example of their aMehborts. As long as the soil Is ridb and fields a harvest read-ily tb0 farmea will og along ina the rats or former jgehraleas. He is happy if both ends meet at the end of the year, and is often contest, if they don't, provided he eaUn get eq. vances for another crop. Mie rly people do not take to farminj, 'r else the soil draws all the miedttiness out of them. The clink and glitter a gold seem to have no attreatio.e for them, for they are about as eartsgse. q sparrows In taking thought for' the morrow. As the uoll Wears and tiaies tighten, the farmer is forced to adopt better'hhd more thrifty methods until he li:ds at last that with the yield of hsle . ad reduced fifty per cent, and the pqiges of its products lowered fifty per eqenk he Is able to make both ends meet "ust as successfully as he did undudi the most favorable couditions.' There a of course, many exceptions, gbut they only serve to prove the rule, The point which The Itemh deirq to Impress on the farmers is ttiit if they can maintaln an existence ueder rude systems of agriculturo and manu. facture, independence and prosperity would result from the adoption 'of scientific methods. 'bhe Item asked a promioentptlgUg planter Iecently why he did not throw out his open kettles and put hi li4 proved machinery. He replied, that he had made a certaln sum of imoney on his crop, and was satisfied. O0 course, this planter who has amp~e means will erect a modern appitius when a reduction of the sugar duty and lower prices force him to do so. But why wait until necessity compels ? Every agricultural ladustry la Louislana is susceptible of vat la. provement. The dlfflerence betwies present methods and Intensive farmrle is all profit. Agricultural conventions are great educators. They show what can t:b done and how to do it. They stlimu late a generous rivalry and furnrsh examples which most farmers wilt try to emulate. We hope to see the time when every perish will have Its agel cultural society and annual fair, and when the State conventions and State fairs will be considered among the most important events of the year. When William Pierce was a boy 16 years old he murdered his father. That was in 1839. No one has ever doubled that he was insane. Fflty years ago, before Insanity was admitted ae a pies in our courts, he was sentenced to Im prisonment for life. Well, In thosedays railroads were unknown in central New York, and Pierce was taken In a wagon over a rough country road through a demi-semi.wilderness to Au burn; where he has bean confined ever since. The lithe youngster of thoseldays has grown to more thesn a six-footer, and for two-score and ten years he has been sectuded from the world. At 8O years of age bhis pardon has been slgred by (lovernor IitIl, and for the first Une In his life he yesterday saw a locomo tive and a train of cars. It is a pecollar Iincident.-N. )'. Hlirald. 'Theo yield of corn nto the Unolle States for 188l was 2,000,000,000 bushels, or thirty-two bushels per head for every man, woman and child in thecouontry. One hundred years ago the United ' .tates did not more than barely sup. Iply her own demands for food; now she dominates the markets of the world, sod has expuoged the name of famine from the list of the world's general calamitie.-N. 7. Herald. ,,The Jord helps those that help themselves." Act on this theory and rub on a little of "'unt's Cure" nad soeo how quick it will cure Itch, ling worms, Tletter or any other skin disease r you are tronbled with. .oldt by all t druggisus.