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The Ouachita telegraph. (Monroe, La.) 1865-1889, October 26, 1889, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034336/1889-10-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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Fall and Wintr, Goods,
Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, -Caps
_ and Gent's Furnishjng Goods,
Are the Best and Cheapest Line iin the City.
The ladles and public in geeral are reepectfully invited to call'and examtne our
goods and prices before purchasing elgewhere asthey maVSd it to their intereat to do so.
S: ec. 10and121. 'ER SRO.
Nos. 10 and'12 .Orad Street, OýTBOL, LA.
gM'Speccal attention to Mail Orders, I HRighept cash,priees paid for Cotton.
S Wholesale ad Retail Dealer in
on GClos, Bo, Son;iat,- &c.
Not. 22, 24 and 2 GUR AND STREET,
IO-OE., - - - - LA.
The attention of the Trade is called to his well selected stook ofl
All Lines Complete.
Call and examine the stock and price of goods. SW- All mall orders filled with care
and dispatch.
-tWholosale and FRetail bealer in
LisuorsWfie, sBran s, s, Br,
Highest Cash Price Paid for Hides, Wool and Fur.
3M[onroe, 1a.
-. . ]-uBE K'OIT,
Choice Family-Groceries
Country Produce Bougltt and Bold.
Goods purchased from me will be delivered FRE ,within the City Limits.
I sell the Celebrated MONOGRAM VINEGAR. Everything sold on the
Samples of Wall Paper Always on hand. COUNTRY ORDERS SOLICITED.
E - . - 4 I LS
Bookseller and Stationer.
No. 15 Grand St., MONROE, LA.
Oils, Varnishes, Dye Stuffs, Glassware,
Putty, Pens, Ink, Paper, Envelopes, Lamps and Chimneys.
Pare Wines and Liquors for Medicinal Purposes.
Successors jo J. A, Moore and W. HI. Harris,
MeFee's old Stand, Grand Street, Monroe, La.
Dealers in Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils,
Glass, Stationery, Cigars and Tobacco,
Pure Wines and Liquors for Medicinal Purposes.
Engineer& Malinist, GI.
Gullett's Magnolia Gins. COTTON
Maehinery and Engineer's Supplies. WOL
SP ,AM POWER SHOP .r5 se 12 .'" a.d ",
NO. 21 GRAND STREET, .\A :~1 ;! --' Itn:. Fth._lae heenddd.
I, * -( LAa.,r ii ALL t ltTeIn.AIurtU-herpartlcukTL,
T iN 786.
[Don Juan, or Jean FPlhol, was. Captain
In the Spanish army, andComh m ndaute of
the Poet of Ouaohits. and ~t ed at Fort
Mire, now Monroe, La., from. 173 until the
osasion to the United S8ates n iE0W.
Hisa grandson, Mr. aHypolto llhiol, a
prominent oitizen of 0ero,eOsaobitaepanr
labi s- worthy vepresentative of the
staunch old Commandant.: Many of the
old Comnandaute's great grandsolildren
livein the sare parish.] h. h
Ouacbita is a -region of country in
the province of Lnoulsaie situated
west of the St. Louis rivernabd exoeud
ing in length from 31}° to 88° north
latitude. Its width -pa ae little over
thirty leagues.
11All traces which are discovaed
daily, every here, show that the peor
pie who formnerty inhabited it, must
have been very numerous. No one
knows what has become of them, for
the oldest persons In the place cannot
remember having seen one uf- them,
and if the chiefS of some of the nations
had not affilrmed that they saw five or
six bearing the name of Ouasehitas,
with the Painl and the Chits, It would
be.doubted that a people of that name
had existed. Some Frenect having
settled there, before the massacre of
the Nqtches, doubtless abandoned the
place at that period.. The prairies
Vilmont, Dumanoir, DeLe and De
Stard still retain the names of their
ancient owners, and the remains of
these settlements can yet be eseb.
Owing to its extent, this region can
not be other than varied, both in eli
mate and in soil. I have drawn up a
sort of chart, which I will add to this,
to give an idea of the position of the
place, and I will follow it, in order to
give a more exact description, com.
mencing with that-portion moetadja
cent to the capital.
This region is watered by a river of
the same name which flows through
the centre from one end to the other,
after having received-the waters of
many bayouals its course. It empties
into Red River, about nine leagues
from the junction of that river with
the St. Louis (Mlesissippi) River.
-The lowest part of the Ouachita
River, from the point where the Tens
ca and the Cataoulou Join It until it
empties into Red River, a distance of
about twenty-two leagues, is called
Black River. I do not know why
this short space bears another name.
I presume that it Is owing to the color
given to the water by lie muddy,
grassy bottom and its depth. That of
Red River is reddish, and that of the
Ouachits, which flows over white sand
is most clear. There are very slight
fonndations for the origion of most of
the names.
All this portion is uninhabitable, in
the east so far as the St. Louis river,
and in the west so far as the vicinity
of the Catlaoulun ; becaase it is all
ovetflowed when the river rises and
one could scarcely finad enough land on
which to encamp. The river Is else
where healthy and without obstruction
and, at all seaseons, deep enough for a
vessel of 400 tons to sail in it. Its
banks abound in cane. When the
water does not rise until the end of
winter it is there that the neighboring
savages make the greater part of their
bear's oil. The Bayou Tensea empties
into the Ouachita river on the eastern
coast, where Black river commences to
take its name. This bayou rises in
some lakes, about fifty leagues higher.
On the right side of this bayou, about
twelve leagues toward the east north
east, we find the bayou d'Argent,
through which, following the same
points of the compass, one would
reach the main (St. Louis) river, a lit.
tie above and in eight of Natchez.
Three leagues higher than the point
where the Bayou' d'Arge-t empties
into the Tensea, on the left side we find
the Bayou Mason,which empties there
also. This bayou rises In some lakes
about twelve or fifteen leagues below
Arkansas and follows the course of the
Tensca until they unite. These two
bayous are not navigable except during
high water. They seem to receive
their waters from the(St. Louis) river,
which connects with them though the
lakes. During low water one can use
a small pirogue as far as the mouth of
the Bayou d'Argent, but, from there
until opposite Natchcz, it is necessary
to take a carriage. The banks of
Bayou Tensea, like those east of Bayou
Mason, are low and scarcely habita
ble. West of this bayou there is some
land, which is very fine, though iso
lated. It is near the junction of Bayou
Mason with Bayou Tensca and ex
tends to the Bayou des Courroli. I
will speak of it in its place. To the
left and opposite the mouth of the
Tenses is the Cataoula. This is a
bayou which connects with a sort of
lake of the same name, which is 1i'
teen or sixteen leagues from its mouth.
This lake is six or seven leagues in
circumference, and is formed only by
the drainage from the neighboring
hills. When the waters are low, this
lake becomes a prairie. There are no
other waters except a small bayou in
the centre, which, 1 believe, is a
branch of Bayou d'Arclou. The north
and west of thislake are bounded by
hills covered with pine trees, and ex
tend in the same direction as for as
About six leagues above the Juo-
tion of the Cataoulou and the Tensca
wit athe Opeita ,iver, oa 6bitftjI1
side, is the rayo Bifah al wicth I
nothing bat a h1lt.bl.ll d L
Durlng higth watdap the Qma i.B as
bladea t he Oataioii Lake,
.ve or sli league 4tant.Ve
of Oasehi a-start ua* t Is
the westerno oerattf tbhu ~aJ
whioh thq. ryctir te% b , }
A little above 'B you Bsohals. I1
theaeast ls theL itle=Vil Oat,whit t
oveiflowsAlkea aUlthi e land, as t 4a
Bayou Loluis.
Bayou Louios i. aboutwo lIsgt :S
above Praitle Vlmoat. It ris .i
Bayou ta4oornii empties tiiro.h - t
two braancesainat the 'Oult sa
.the TlInsl Boafeu river tlO, wo
higher than Bayou Louis on th sa I4
side. About twenty leaguen froj
open1iglhtbLh uaeblita, it reesiVest.
the Bayou des CoOrios, u I'lt ilws I
from Bayogt Mason. On bis lide b
the bayou des .. o hetwesI
Bayou Mason .andi Reru Ia
those habitable;lands, Whleb iI " e. I
tloned-ithesispeklig otBayou Mason. t
Bayou Louis'paenes thibiigh tlpeiels
tre. These lands are highsad a:aitto s
be etcelle0i susceptible of employllg
200 lutbabitestse, ZIlaspity that dur. 3
lng high water they are completely i
isolated so that- o conveyance ceab iup t
proach, exeeptt -.4 dtitanCe, througlh a
the swrroundlaglawamipe, which ;duoe
log low water,are almost dr4ys oliE
River rses mear Bayou Bartholomew
and would beagreat help tothe baeckh
lands east: ofV the Ouehaltt,; .-: 1 the
swamps which border Itfrom itsoarce I
did not daraing-high water, reader yli
landing of boats very ddl~ail. Dar,' t
Ing -low water, ven a light .pirogue, .
could not navigate it.. " ,, "
About twelve or fliteen leagues rue i
Boeul River, the. hlgh leas "of thel a
Ouachiblta begin, which should becuit-.
vated, as much for the quality of the I
soil as because they do not overflow. I
These lands commence ina the west at I
the Pralrie des Ooteas and- In thie l
east at Prairie de Le, and eztead' a 6
little beyond theer sores of ,the One.
chita river. Those wibch appearto me
most suitable for cultivation" are from
the above-ientioned places, asfar as
the Mound Prairie, andiall. allot
Bayou Bartholomew,- almost -..tl the
Arkapess line. aThls wduldt form as e
extent of land nearly fifty, leagues Io Ii
a straight line, and with uniaterrept- II
ed communication by land. I do not e
pretend to say that the higher lands V
would be unolhabitable, but only'that a
they do not compare with the,-lower a
ones, beoause,.they are more Irregular, a
being cut up by bills wbleh are sieetlty p
covered with pine trees, andiheysbae .e
not the-same advantages of easy nav! t'
I will pause, then, at the tirst, which G
merit the most attention. The num- it
ber of prairies, described In the plan, o
which are there east of the river do a
not appear natural to me. Their pro- it
duets and the remains discovered ,on
them cause me to think them old clear- 0
logs of the ancient inbabitants, Who, in w
the course of time, had learned to i
choose their lands. They are all one it
could desire, and, in fact nothing s t1
lacking but laborers.
Although there are no prairies west a
of the river, the soill does not seem in- p
terior, and, where the hills do not.
reach the water's edge, the land is a
level and well wooded. Level pine r
woods are very common, and there are p
cane fields everywhere. This guaran-.
tees pasturage at all seasons of the year. It
From the bayous, shown in the same >
plan, belonging to the above described v
part, it is easy tojudge that these lands a
do not lack water. I have omitted a
several of them, which are nothing n
more than drains for the hills. Those
which .bear a name are navigable dur- ,
log high water; that is, several months *
of the year, and would greatly faclli. b
late the labors of any Inhabitants who h
might settle in the surrounding depths. b
The soil is light, deep anti spongy, iI
having a surface of a foot or eighteen It
Inches of black earth. Below that it Is a
yellow and red and absorbs water very li
rapidly. A plowed field can be worked tl
in the morning, after a heavy rainfall a
during the night, and the ground re- a
tains the moisture to within four inch* b
es of the surface, after a drought of
two or three months in summer. I
Corn, rice, potatoes, pumpkins and all a
garden products grow very well, and I
have sowed wheat for the past two a
years and succeeded admirably with a
it. Tobacco does very well there, also, a
and Is of a superior quality. Cotton a
and Indigo do equally well, but no one '
has yet tried to make anythnlog out of a
the latter. a
Among the plants one inods agrl
mony', angelica, elecampaone, mugwort,
reathatrow, burdock, large and small,
tree moss, aromatic herbs of all kinlds,
crane's bill, maiden's hair, chervil,t
thistle, coraline, centuary plant, eassla, g
sweet and bitter tarragon, male and
female fern.s, strawberry plants, fami.
ter, ginger, marshmallow, bitterwort, ,
genasing, holly, leadwort, bedge mle-.
tard, ipecac, wild indigo whose root
never dies, Illy of the valley, melilot,
St. John's wort, monk's bood, water
lily, kingfero, pelitory, dandelion,
plantain, polypod, pedicularis, blood
root, dragon's blood, rag Wort, knee
Igraess, sell.heel, Virgnlota creeper, wild
valerian, veronica, vervain, golden
rod, cat mint, wild and sweet clover,
etc. The principal woods are the oak,
gum, walnut, pine and sassafres trees.
1 Tho ash, theelm, the mulberry, the
omee, which u .
l Of tee IeO V tswa brk "
the n the ".i'.
tb*e. A & k was
t;s, th
tj'theept all
itotd o beo tt1oe the
seals' ( t, ý 1 se tlo
blh nIt er 4 bl t h t a
--.e Whre~tiy~tii ll U tli'F
ed  lecih
rleare oun te n t T.yp n }
psc.ite .A.c ' ; elet + e p tS$
Rh+eyptat ewatupot IM bleeet
with~st ec oubt. heptdotiem the
haen (8,,. Lrr )adlo ) river, tIaz:st sr
water ow. re fe .lrt ýtr
sacel f hel. mta eggsrior.): ltf l',
whTih do not emrjl.fitQ tu iv.
through the bayorS .r Toheynkiltre Lis
hese woul e ar e o, the Bea 'dnul o4u
x the fo sirk h ofI he avpolRt MO thus
.atle w throih th 4ierieLr cu the
fnedik, ahndoe r fkb~tawdi .
The 'tofenati a a "send ana
west of lthe lowher roe aan thetn bue
wIthout luterruplitL n .sail AWW*5ItIY
uoppesiteeeaitj- aemit oft!
oise, which are pratetbl la wirtal
sesaons. There ale tpre. pl ti k .own
nerea salt no made -on I the Os~ h
cmlt kinds. T rh i cei 'of l 'tiko
is sflits heard, asd,'wbemrspsealft br
exci,the the attc Blaou Jallae, atl .the
tbird toward the tm essouri. t
vicinity. To Judge "my remarks
seen on the surfae orth lver, whore
minest all mee-oonta eteopt l falver s cop-l
Oer ultI low wAer further paole lplr
rev,.ted by pdt hal.t.g of rookster w1mt ebof
ith e small afomornt of the Olaborve theol b
Wtaise' a PauI, superior ~rok crystal is
founeeled, and onet very d fr dttdt s a
coal mines and slate quarries. T&iqS
ountes would be .yI low woler ea owing
itoehe facili tyo up as far ti Ron k Bir
boy thrBayough tholome river and the bayw,
,ble which prcticable In comitted toain I
seaons. Thenre s three plaof the nowt
here sat s mad-cltivation.)e the Ohi
its, the other at Bayou tals, t a i.tbe
third towaruld othe s the falls. T
I will now resume -my remarks
abd ofut the riverral r two, andwhere
paud,l to spthreek oare lwidthwith.
It ito of snavigable foravl. Thlarge wts,
at all ear aons, healthy ad far as g
river. Thn low warer further palel ts
prevented by s easy of rockwit, wheb,
with a small amount of labor could be
leveled, angerd one aold saibole Bao
Mount Prairie. In tow "water smaller
vemels can go up ms for me Rock Bar a
aboe Byou Barts ol re omer, rare thre
mad tble advorntreatge which I omiverted toer
mention when splittleaing of the mosrivert
waTher arloaded boother lakwith. deserty ovi
men cnld gouls it beas the falls. Thead
bed of the river average two and onon.
arel to three acrerd s width, withe arp
bottom of sand nd'gravel. The water
is clear and healthy and has a good
and the sheepd There are no obstacles so that
navigation esydie, eel thnd o ther.
least danger until above Bayou.8µw
tholomew, are very comon .ard ctbrre
and the current, which isst never very
aboveng, cBlacse little caving o trare riverow
There are no other lakes deserving
the name unless it be those at the head
of Bayous Tensca and Mason.
rs the ttleen which art. most pt.lentiful
are the swordfhs, the catfish, the carp
anlomd the sheephad o The sae are o th
turgeors. ike, br othh, perch, truot,
navigable atdine, eelv rad. Its righs
aboend left bank River id are rare l
ards the Osetleent a.d by the rk t
olomriver. Thod lands tpwsardsd the Oa
Bsta are luu, althought Intersperser
with hills. The other bills bryo veris
vablsteep a rnd ted. Its right
dThe Little Mbisso ar Riveh r Is about
fortyhe Oleagueb higher onby the rweast
rIer.st. It flows twfrom the ortch
northwest and rises in the moan
talus, which eeparate that part from tbhe
Red River reglon. The villageof Grans
Qadeaux is about thlrly.six league.
the wipigatera - :
s b al S 9p o.y
\·airý, min i ~ ee
il,,'tver .unrite. ar. tgyt bev
toe rs$tatl. stero.i tiee thei
:uset ,r intapt., wainr Qadaux (h.a
o.gw . l tOi$Ve')", .bicre. that.. tey
wtlble t.hetra ihd le " the other,
setlishie.dw tMeled ;on ther love of
thp1gle ar 5I t a soodpandtha t il.
ow w1ethi3 e r wrey re O.they t.ae".
bp -a, who have foen stem, rerd "
abte witht onmpt. They Oarey sol
iwleb" te io oouordl Io lherb..
tdee but they trohba heo, eltle ther;
ittle the ta4 he pa. b lThis -mne
e owde he. ofrne all `ta ore for dll
l oneu. 'eralare alik to rem. Their
ometi are oat uwory like the tbmen,
are tablle thomplon bfor their love o
teitsy Iad libertyy eed tphe haheto
tages,.uo matter what .. their Umer.
Thke. If thee H an h lad est neor ree
po eed wi th.t dremo Theo haturdl
know het they' ar e that stia been.
Threy edsl toy ai vie, iad te oi mode
of lUlo O: really shameu l. ofe the
iynrablg,.ao have een them, the arto
thepe wthr cotrealpt. Theyo, but I
Sve ody t rebeeded. against e led st
ths to e olle net accordigher to their
odes, nut they terobto trand show Very
Mltle about anything. Their guen and
powder oratefl they should fee for tited
allew poetie are alike to them. The
women ae n o to lead them more ean,
and are suitadble or exmpalone for theire
f them start. What models for ther po
egred, bett there ar heir under
arkgmo. If the whot a el tted et o toly
In eat:f'y the demands .oLrnalure.
During th In, whichyears tshouldat I have bee
are, I hattle tried everything that -
charitdoy aned my imglltatlot. could sug
get, to excit defense, te lo o then
miserable creatures rind caus them to
recognize their real condition, but I
have not c toeede ond. I have tried In
vain tocolect them together inextreme the
tohe or on the coastmmer, aofd how tryhem
ow granoteful they should feel In,000 to,00
nd pof tallo, hopng bpounds of them
nrear t banwold, to lead them more ber of
ly, by advice or example to a more
Iriendly life. However, twenfy.five
of them started at last to cultlvate the
Swerd, buret 'thewore are rce ly six
amonog them who cleared enoulghdto
make a living, which should havsupplye re
unred little efrt,heir fat a very litdeetle
amount of foode pristis them. Severould
others started to work hut very soon
raband. Woned It.erer d a ds a
they sy, Ibppy reatures are, they can
not work where starving, fireand tha take
have nothing to lihe ommunitle mlof wg
their cropr. Td themselveson wold vndmbers.
cate them ifod mprove their exttoreme dislike or
workand did oter prevet one belxample tong
tblhse ll the only causenf of their Idleon whihess.
The whole commerce of the couatry
does not exceed maunursly 0o000 to 7,000
J rs plar'n not, 2,000 deerwith the a2,000
oreud of t llorpher, th00 oush I halbev
observe wuld the ptalhe of the aomber as
m n W uderrsd on 2 sParge,

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