Newspaper Page Text
A fashiousblu way of committing eui.
cldo in Turkey is to fall asleep in s
poppy Hold. You gradually become nar?
cotized, explains tho Now Orleans Pica
?funo, and climb tho golden stair just ar
easy as rolling off u log.
A company has been started in Chi?
cago, III., for the purposo of manufac?
turing and selling nn instrument called
tho watcrphone. It is claimed this dc
vico can bo attached to systems of water
piping, nnd will indicato leaks, waste of
water and other causes of troublo by
transmitting tho sound of running water
to tho listener's car.
Referring to tho reninrknblo success
?with which Mrs. -Gladstone bas acquitted
herself in a half century of semi-official
life, during which she has been brought
into contact with the most distinguished
men and women of England, from
royalty down, a writer remark?: "Xo
ouo has ever known her to make a mis
tnkc, and her aplomb is as romarknblc as
According to the San Francisco
Argonaut, Judge Oicgorich, of tho Super?
ior Court of Now York?may his tribe
increase?recently put to an applicant
for naturalization, an Austrian,the query:
"Which would you light for In a war
between Austria nml the United States?"
"Austria," said tho would-bo citizen.
"Go back there I" replied tho judge, as
be tore up the man's declaration.
A man in Riverside, Oal., is urging
that city to go iuto tho fruit-growing
business to raise inonoy for paving their
streets. He has figured it out that, if
the city would plant English walnut or
seedling orange trees for street trees, in
Sfteeu years in the case of tho walnuts,
or ten yesrs iu the enso of tho orunges,
the fruit from the trcc3 would pay all
the expenses of street work and im?
Puget Sound (Washington) fisher?
men arc using cold storage for the pre?
servation of salmon, and as a conso
qucucc it has hcou determined to secure
the run of white salmon, a fish hitherto
not taken, or taken only in small quan?
tities. Americans and Englishmen are
not partial to v.-'uito salmon, which is,
moreover, a lis'ti that doe? not keep well,
but there is a good demand for it iu
Spain und Portugal.
The cxteut of the car-buildiug indes- j
try may be inferred from tho statement ;
that the total number of freight cars in
USD on the various railroads in tho j
United States is about 1,200,000, and j
that from 12,),Out) to 110,000 new car's I
nie require.I annually to take the place
of those that become worn out, the aver?
age life of a freight car being from eight
to ten years. Resides, adds the Iloston
Transcript, there is a constnnt demand
far additional equipmeut by the railroads
on account of the increase in their busi?
Among tho London cab drivers there
arc ex-military officers, ex-doctors, ex
lawyers by the dozen, one lord by j
courtesy, one baronet, several honor- ,
abies, one ex-M. P., and a dozen bank?
rupt landed proprietor;, all which,
moralizes the Iloston Transcript, goes to
account for the improved manners mid
aristocratic appearance of tho Loudou
cabby, who nowadays deems it beucnth
his dignity to dismount from his perch
nnd light his fare for the odd "tizzy,"
Hi ho was wont to do iu the good old
Sir Edwin Arnold says of cholera:
?"More people die from bronchitis, teeth?
ing and measles than from cholera. It
is not such a terrible disease. I have
helped carry into hospital many persons
afllictcd with it in the streets of India.
It is no more thnn a colossal, protean
stomach ache. Simple precautions will
ward it oil. Fivo drops of hydrochloric
ncid in n cup.of tea uvery other day will
kill the bacilus. It cannot live in an
acidulated stomach. I think tho Eng?
lish nnd American constitutions are al?
most proof against the disease when care
"A very profitable way for a farmei
to spend any leisure that he may have at
his command," thinks tho American I
Farmer, "is among tho dealers in tht
articles he produces in the nearest largt
city. He will learn many things of im?
mense value to him, one of the most im?
portant being the great advantage of
sending produce to market in the- best
possible shape and of the highest qual?
ity. It costs but little, if any more, to
produce a first-class article than an in?
ferior one, nnd to send it to market in c
way that will show its superiority, while
tho advance in the price obtained is out
,of all proportion to the labor and cost
A Northwestern railroad President,
millionaire though he is, has recently
put himself outside the most remote
possibility of adversity by the payment
by one cheek of $130,350, for which au
Eistcrn company insures his life for
$100,000 and ten years hence begins to
pay him nn annuity of $12,500. Tho
annuity is better known in England
than hero, it being a favorite method of
?von the poor to guard against poverty
in old age. "That pur wealthiest and
most sagacious business men intrust
their own financial futures to approved
lifo insurance coinpanics'," remarks the
New York Mail and'Express, "furnishes
a safe precedent to inoa of small menus."
WHAT CONSTITUTES A PERFECT
TV PK Ol'' LiOVEIjINESS.
Factors In Itlcnl Ueuuty?Irapnrtanoo
ol Expression?Rules lor Deter?
mining tho Perfection ol
feminine faces nro
hut the question ns
to what constitutes
a type of beautf
though often asked,
is rarely answered
to tho perfect satis?
faction of the ques?
tioner, or any one
else. The reason,
says the Hew York
found in the fact
that no two races
of men?or to mnko
the statement stronger, DO two individ?
ual men?ever have the same ideal.
Undoubtedly nu important factor in
ideal beauty of face is fouud in the shape 1
of the countenance. No fn^e badly 1
formed can be beautiful, but the ques- |!
tiou naturally arises, What is a badly I 1
formed face? The general opinion amoug 11
the rcsthetics is that a feminine face, tu | 1
be ot iiood form, should be a perfect ] ]
oval. A forehead too high or too low,
n chin too long or too short, check bones I '
too strong, any one of a dozen other j'
shortcomings, may m:ir the symmetry of i 1
the whole, nnd so spoil a face otherwise i 1
perfect. Tins symmetry is not common- '
ly found?indeed, it is so rarely encoun?
tered ns to be almost purely ideal. Even 1
the Greeks found it so seldom among j1
their women that their mast beautiful 1
AN AMKUICW filltL.
itatues arc rather creations than like- r
uesses. While the human form may be i .
built on strictly mathematical principles,
Vet the attempt to apply exact inatbe
natics to every portion will invariably
result in the discovery that no bumau
form is perfect.
In a theoretically perfect face the dis
?.nncc from the point of the chin to tho
roots of the hair oa the forehead is di?
vided into three equal spaces?from tho
roots of the hair to a point between the
eyebrows where the noso commences,
from that to the tip of the UOSC, and
thence to the tip of the chin. The face
ihould be exacLly twice as hing as its
width at the height of the eye?, while
sach eye should be the width of the
mouth, and the distance between them
should eq nil the width of one eye. To
be perfect, the upper lip should DC as
long as ooe-half the distance from the
lower lip to the chin, while a line drawn
perpendicularly down from the lips
should touch the chin, and drawn up?
ward ihould pas* through the lope of
the nostril half way between the tip and
tne base. The ear should be at the
height of the eye, and when the prolile ''
is examined, tne distance from the tip of j'
the nose to cheek should be one-half the j,
length of the nose.
Beginning with the chin, the ideal
face niii a coin of only moderate prom- ['
Inence. A chin too lar-^e fjivo to the fc- j
luinine countenance too much of mascu- I'
line .strength; b< sides, a prominent chin
A SOUTH OF BNQLAKD FACK.
indicates big jaws, nnd big jaws presiip.
I pose large teeth and a voracious appe
| lite. A prominent chin indicates will
I power, determination, and overbearing
i disposition, and no woman is willing to
be thought domineering. On the other
hand a chin too little or receding indi?
cates weoknesH?perhaps of health, it
may he of character. A very small chin
is indicative of small and possibly defi?
cient teeth, frequently far apar, poor di?
gestion and consequent bad health, and
no one can be beautiful ideally or other?
wise, who has poor health, for health
is the foundation ol beauty.
As much depends on the nose as on
the chin. The nose of the ideal beauty
is of generous proportions. It -must be
?q to indicate self demand, .sound judg
. ? mcnt and discretion. Whether the' nose
be straight or hooked, Greek, itoman or
Jewish, matters little. Either may be
bountiful, but in either case the nose
must bo large enough to indicate its own
individuality and that of its owner.
Between the nose and the chin lies the
mouth, the perfection of which is the.
;nost essential element of beauty, lor
although ever] other feature may be
ideally perfect, a had mouth will spoil
the symmetry of the whoie countenauce.
The a./.v ptthjs mouth, within reason
. ablc_ bouqd, is.not material, although,' of
course,. Ijf should .not be too large in pro?
portion to the face, the size of the
latter beiuu the only criterion of iude
incut, since s mouth quite big enough
for ono faco would appear ludicrously
small if set in another, and a mouth
quite .in proportion with tho faeo
A FRKNCII BEAUTY.
to which it belongs will, if transferred
to tho physiognomy of another, almost
stretch from ear to car. All these things
.ire matters of proportion, nud those are
probably not far wrong who assert that
x mouth oue and a half times the width
af tho eye is iu proportion and correct.
The upper lip should be bow shaped,
while the lower should form the arc of
x circle, nnd to be idcnlly beautiful the
lower lip should show more red than the
upper. The lips should bo only mod
The forehead is the characteristic
fenture of tho human race, for no ani?
mal, savo the clcphtint, has what may
properly be called a forehead. The
forehead of the ideal beauty is low and
l>road, rather than high and command?
ing. A high forehead generally indi?
cates the possession of brains, and the
ideal beauty is not supposed to have
?ny. A low forehead is almost as bad
is one too high, since it betokens ani?
mal ity of nature.
The eyes are a leading attribute of
idcnl beauty. Of course they should be
straight, that is to say, at right angles
with the nose, for oyes turned up at the
5Uter angle are Mongolian, ami turned
lawn give an unmistakable expression
Df slyness or roggery. Eves half open,
exhibiting n narrow opening between
die lids, arc indicative of dcccitfulucss,
while wide opeu eyes are characteristic
jf impudence, of aggressiveness without
perseverance, of brazon insolence. The
;olor is a matter of little cousequence,
jut in passing it should be understood
that there is a common mistake with re?
gard to the color of the bumnu eye. No
ris is one of solid color; all arc streaked,
nottled, speckled or spotted, and the
iredoiuinaiice of one color gives an im
iressiou that the whole eye is thus
luted. The cyelnshos should be long
mil dark iu order properly to shade the
seen ix svniA.
oye; the eyebrows should be arched and j
moderately heavy; a deficiency in either I
lash or brow is a marked deformity.
The eyelashes should surround the eye |
in such a way as to close it, and thus i
materially aid in giving it expression. ]
It i3 often supposed that the eye alone is
expressive and receives no assistance i
from its surroundings. But this is a !
The ideally beautiful face is sur- ?
rounded by a suit of abundant hair. I
The question as to whether this is blonde
or bruuette is not important, for there
are great painters on either side, aud if ;
we count the light browns among the
blondes aud the dnrk browns among tiie
brunettes the numbers of the two classes ,
are about equal.
Tho neck is a very important item of i
beauty. It should be of medium length, j
That is, the distunce from the collarbone
to the chin when the head is in a natu?
ral position should be about one-half the
length of the fnce, or from the upper
tip ol the ear to the collar bone should
be the length of the couutenance. A
long neck is ungraceful, suggesting
emaciation ; a short neck is equally so,
being cka-acteristic of embonpoint, not
to say dumpiness. But in each and
every case the heigth of the figure must
furnish the unit ol measurement, and all
parts must bear correspondence to this.
The face of the ideal beauty is gener?
ally of clear white with a tioge of pink
in the cheeks, end lips of a bright red.
The color of the face should be an ivory
uot a chalk white; the latter is unnatu?
ral nud ghastly, nor is the flush of fever
agreeable to tho eye. A color too
house plant. Wriukles are commonly
supposed to be fatal to beauty, but their
influence depends upon a^jc.
The New "Slamiso 'Twins.
The new Siamese twins do not come
from Siatn, says the Pall Mall Gazotto.
They aro natives of Orrs i, iu India, and
the following description is sent to us by
a correspondent, who saw them tho
other dayiu Poouah: The names of tho
children are Radica and Doddica. The
two little girls are throe and a half years
old and aro really pretty children. The
peculiarity ot their connection is that
there is a il?xiblo bony attachment from
breast to breast, and bolow this there is
a visceral connection. There is only
ono navel. The children were born in a
If food is given to one, the other is
satisfied, and if medicsno is administered
to one the other is affected, but not to
the sHine extent as the one to which it
was given. The most curious circum?
stance is that when a sentence is begun
by one child the other frequently fin?
ishes it. When steeping ono child lies j
on her back, and the other on her side,
which gives an idea of the great flexi- I
bility of the connection. The children [
aro vetygood friends, nud seldom quar?
rel, but when younger their proceedings 1
were not marked by that unanimity
which thoy have since discovered to be
essential to their circumstances. As
might be expected, when their rolatious
became strained there was considerable
tension between them, but when it
gradually dawned upon their infantile
intelligences that when one was hurt the
other had to cry out of sheer sympathy,
a mutual understanding was arrived at
that "tows" should be discontinued, and
now balmy peace reigus supreme.
For their age, the twins are particu?
larly intelligent. They have been
taught Englisu for the last three months,
and, although they do not speak more
than a few simple words, they seem to
understand it fairly well already. The
twins have excited a good deal of lotet?
est among the medical profession iu
India, aud there is little doubt that
their appearance in London and America
will be welcomed by scientists no less
than by the uuscicntitic sightseer.
Strange Us s For a SkcMon.
In America skeletons nrc neither legal
teuder nor muuiments of title, but it is
different at the antipodes?in that as in
ninny other things. In New Zealand,
for instance, n European cannot acquire
title to a new piece of laud till the indi?
vidual Maori title is extinguished, and
that hns to be done before a native land
court. Iu this court the 1 Tohuugas,"
or fudges of local law, declare that there
is no vulid title unless the last preceding
owner's thoracic skeleton is produced.
It appeals that among the M&oril,
when the land of a Into desccodent be?
comes the pioperty of another man, the
Tue Nleara ,ua tjaaal
The committee appointed by the Na?
tional Nicaragua Canal Couvcutiou at its '
meeting iu St. Louis to prepare au ad'- j
dress to the American people ginug iu- ;
formation as to the feasibility of the !
Nicaragua Canal and its commercial nnd |
other advantages to the United States,
has just finished the preparation of such |
The address is supplementary to the
resolutions adopted by the St. Louis Con?
vention, which poiuted out the advan?
tages of the canal and urged its construc?
tion, ownership aud control by the
American people rather than tiie Eng?
lish, French or any other Nation. It
takes tne position that a canal, joining
the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, should
be constructed lor the most important
commercial, strategic and patriotic rea?
sons, and says that the subject of such a
canal is the most vital connected with I
the welfare, growth aud prosperity of |
the United States. It declares that the
only feasible route for such a canal is by?
way of Nicaragua, and points out that
the conventions of the two great two
political parties have endorsed the pro?
It appears that all the engineers have
agreed in expressing a decided prefer?
ence for the Nicaragua route, because,
among other reasous, only 2ti?- miles o(
the entire distance of Ii?:?: miles from
the Atlantic to the P.iciiic Ocean through
Nicaragua will have to be excavated.
dihd's-eyk view op 1
The other 1123- miles consist of Lake
Nicaragua, the San Juan Ifiver and de?
pressions in the surfnee of the earth.
Lake Nicaragua will constitute a harbor
sufficient to accommodate tpe navies and
commerce of the .world. It is 110 miles
lotig, sixty miles wide ami is 250 feet at
its deepest points. Vessels entering the
canal from the Atlantic Ocean will sail
on a level with tho ocean.for 12J miles,
at the end of which they will be raised
ne-.v owner mugs up tbc skeleton of. the
descentlcnt's body f wbionod into n cage
with a parrot inside tho ribs. This is a
(act bofore the eyes of all. and oo one
would dare to dispute tho claims of the
holder of such paramouut evidence.
So in the pleadings before the native
THE SKELETON PABHOT CAOE.
courts the occupant makes a speech after
this fashion: "My nncestor conquered
your ancestor and killed msny of your
tribe. He ate your ancestor's logs and
aims, cut oil aud cured bis head for an
ornament, and of his chest, which was
capacious and round, be made a cage in
which to keep his decoy pairots, the ribs
serving as bars, from between which the
parrot could look out, and many people
came to admire my ancestor's parrot cage
and the land which was seized and held
even unto this day."?New York Re?
A romologienl (?iant.
Here is a great big apple which Mr.
M. V. Cos scuds to the Republic all the
way from Silver City, N. M. It is for?
mally entered as the champion apple of
America. In bis letter Mr. Cox says:
"Last year you mentioned the big apple
from Arkansas whicit measured 17^
iuches in circumference. I ship by to?
day's express, prepaid, 'The Republic
Apple,' a sample of New Mexican fruit
for exhibition, It is eighteen iuches iu
circumference nnd weighs two pounds
2$ ounces. It is from the fruit rauch
o. Colonel W. L. Thompson, of this
This description lias been verified iu
tbc Republic editorial rooms. Placed
upon exact postotlicc scales this apple
weighs two pounds 1$ ouueos, having
lost perhaps by drying about an ounce
moisture since it was weighed iu Silver I
I City. Its longest diameter is a little '
i over six inches, which corresponds to a (
circumference of eighteen inches, and |
its thickuess is-1} iuches.?St Louis lie- j
Surface indications poiut to a great
oil basin in the Finthcad country, iu i
Washington, and an attempt will be
made to prove its existence in paying
It is said that 1UU0 thriving coffee
trees will yield an average of 3200 ;
pounds of coffee annually.
Farmers in the Argentine are being j
urged to export butter to England.
Oy three locks to tue tevel ol tue laxe.
Tuey will sail along the San Juan River
and the lake on the lake level to a -point
within three and one-half miles of the
Pacific Ocean. Here they will l>e low?
ered by tho leeks to the level of the Pa?
The committee says tho cost, includ?
ing tue payment of interest duriug the
progress of the work, will be less $t00,
l)00,?D0, and the time required for the
completion of the work is within fi7o
years. The climate of Nicaragua is
healthy, and out of 1(500 northern mc:i
employed in constructing a railroad
through a swamp ouly two die 1 during
a period of four months. O.' 2.).) north
ern engineers aud ski'led mechanics who
have worked for the canal comp in} for
three years not one has died frciu a dis?
ease incident to the country.
All surveys and examination of stiata
requiring removal have been completed.
Tne jetty has been constructed aad the
harbor of Greytown has been restored so
that vessels of fourteeu-feet draft have
au easy entrance. Extensive wharves,
landing places and permanent buildings
have been constructed, temporary camps
erected, a telegraph hue made, the canal
cleared of timber for twenty miles, aud
a rail read twelve miles iu length con?
structed and equipped. The bigge-t
j dredging plant in America, that form?
erly used at Panama, has been purchased,
! aud over a mile of the canal has been
dredged. The exclusive franchise for
rnR NICARAGUA CANAL.
the steam navigation of the San Juan
River and Lake Xicarngun nnd an exten?
sive plant for the Navigation Company
have been acquired. The Government
of Nicaragua has acknowledged that the
company tins complied with the canal
grant, which provided that $2,000,000
must be expended tho first year. It is
shown thot the amount of money spent
to date on the enterprise is over $0,
TO KEEP PIGS 8TR0NO AUD HEALTHY
Pigs can bo kept neither healthy nor
growing without plenty of good succu?
lent food. The natural food for pigs in
the wild'state is grass, tho masts of the
forest roots and bulbs of plants. Its
necessity is well recognized by nature in
providing the hog with a rootor. Even
after generations of domestication, with
au ample supply of sustenance, this pro?
clivity to root remains a prominent
characteristic. Farmers who tluriug tho
winter mouths at least twice a week give
one feed of potatoes, beets, artichokes
or turnips, find that tho pigs hot only
relish, but derive great benetit from
them. Brood sows are especially holpcd
by a libcial tupply of food diet; indeed,
it is almost compulsory in order to in?
sure strong, healthy pigs and a natural
farrow.?Now York World.
THE UlCST CHURN.
A. great many of the old kinds of
churns have gone entirely out of use bo
causo of the superiority of the more im?
proved ones of tho present time. Of tho
two or three thousand churns thnt have
becu patented in America, not more
than twenty ever caino into common
use, and of these few nearly all have
been discarded since it has been shown
thnt the butter is churned simply by
concussion and the throwing of tho
globules together violently. Tho result
has been that those churns thnt act iu
this way and without dashers arc in use,
nnd the old ones are thrown aside. Of
tbc new kiuds there are the square or
rectangular churn, n box hung by two
opposite corners; the swing chuin,
which is nn oblong box swuug back and
forth as suspcudod ou a frame, and the
barrel churu, which is hung in an up?
right position by its sides. It is easily
seen bow tho cream is acted on by those
churns.?New York Times.
ONE WAY TO TAKE OFF HORNS. .
This is tho way au Ohio Farmer cor?
respondent says he got the best of his
bull: " I put on him a muzzle, SAlch ns
are used to keep horses from biting, or
eating their bedding, covered the lo.vcr
part of it with cotton flannel which I
kept wet with chloroform. Iu about
ten or liftcen minutes tho bull concluded
to lie down and take a nap. While uu
der the influence of the anmsthetic, to
such a degree that I could touch the
eyeball without bis flinching I sawod of
oil bis horns, dressed the stumps, with
antiseptic cotton, took oil the muzzle,
aud put a ring in his nose, all of which
was done iu twenty minutes from the
time I entered the stable, and that, too,
without any sullering. The bull soon
?got up, minus his horns, with a jewel iu
his nose, nnd probably will never know
how it occurred. It cost the price of
three ounces of chloroform, but I did
not have any tied legs, or men-setting
on a hnndspikc."
VALUE OF MILLET.
Millet is ouc of tho most largely culti?
vated p'.auts. It furnishes a large part
of the grain food to tho half civilized
Nations, ns those of Asia aud Africa; the
fodder for cattle of civilized farmers,
and somo varieties furnish sugar. It is
thus the stall of life to more than half
the people of the world more truly than
wheat is to the civilized quarter of them.
And it deserves tho notice of farmers
quite ae much as any other plant grown.
The fodder is especially rich in the albu?
minoids aud fat, containing fifty per
cent, more of tho former and nearly as
much or. the latter than timothy hay.
But, like all tho grasses, it requires to
bo cut nnd cured before it is mature,
und while tho blossom is not past. Af?
ter this stage it becomes bard and woody
and the seed heads are covered with
sharp thorns that are injurious to the
stomachs of animals that are fed on it.
The cured hay is very agreeable to all
the farm animals, and the product is
easily one-half moro than any other kind
of hay. For these reasons it is a valua?
ble crop and should bo sown every year.
It is an excellent medium for tho summer
seeding of grass or clover, and it leaves
the land in a mellow condition favora?
ble for the fall growth of the gross.?
WHEAT BRAN FOR LAMUS.
Some writers nro becoming eloquent
of late in the praise of wheat brae, for
sheep. Wo have seen its benefits de?
monstrated for other stock. The cditiou
of the Sheep breeder and Wool Grower
in an article designed to advocate "gen?
erous feeding'' makes this ploa:
"It is hardly too much to say that
generous feeding of a lamb all summer
aud all the fall will create n constitution
where only a poor ono existed to begin
with. We have often wondered to see
how a cosset or some lamb that bad hnd
extra attention, and was about twice as
large as the average of tho flock, in au?
tumn when tho trying season of.parasites,
diarrhea, and other troubles of sheep
life came on, would go through every?
thing?pouring rains, fogs, slushy grass,
diarrhea, papcrskin, all around him?
without a particle of injury. His mag?
nificent vitality, created by months of
liberal feeding?all bis life, in fnct?car?
ries him unharmed through evils which
lay waste the average Hock. Tho farmer
ought to begin nt once with his lambs,
if be has not already, giving them all
the wheat bran they will ent up clean
once a day at least, better twice, aud if
there are any weaklings remove them to
a smaller llock and givo them extra at?
tention?feed for that priceless vitality
and force, that constitution without
which a sheep is about the poorest picco
>f property in the line of live stock."
With the farmer ono of the princlpnl
advantages in keeping cattle is thnt a
better opportunity is afforded of using
up tho roughness. To do this to- tho bast
advantage it is necessary to provide a
comfortable shelter so that during
growth, at least, very littlo grain will be
needed where a variety of crops is grown.
A good supply of rough feed rnoj be
readily secured, aud this can be fed to
good thrifty cattle. At present prices
it requires tho very best of management
to roalizo a fair profit from cattle. To
lot thorn mako a slow growth so that
three or four years is required foi
growth, and then whoa thoy aro raadj
for market, must bo sold ns low-g*adf
cattle, what will bu realized for them
will not pay tho cost of raising.
With cattle as with other stock ono ol
tho items necessary for profit is a steads
growth from birth to maturity. It is, of
course, an item to securo this at as low s
cost as possible, nnd in wintering good
sheltering is ueccssary to lesson the cost,
for tho reason that less grain is needed.
Tbnt is, if cattle arc comfortably shel?
tered in winter they con be kept growing
steadily if thoy aro woll fed with rough?
ness?hay, straw aud corn fodder. Cat?
tle will thrive better with a good shelter
iu winter with hay alono than they will
with corn alone. Supplying bran in
addition to roughness will be of material
help, especially if tho roughness is first
ruu through a cutting box. Feo^pg
racks should be provided so as to lessen
the wnsto as much as possible.
It should bo remembered that tho
value of the feed is tho samo, and the
work necessary to properly caro for then)
is tho same, whether tho cattlo aro of 8
good grade or aro scrubs, whilo thers
will be a very considerable difference is
tho gain secured iu proportion to th?
At best, under present conditions, tht
margin of profit iu feeding cattlo is small,
and everv advantage should be taken to
increase them. Selecting a good grade,
giving them comfortable shelter nnd care,
so as to maintain a steady growth, are all
important.?St. Louis Republic.
FARM A KD OAHDEN KOTES.
Do not expect eggs when the hens are
Keep fowls of the same sizo and dis?
The profit in hog raising come;
largely by management.
Hogs need and ought to have in at
weathers a variety of food.
Chickens that aro of a marketable sizt
should bo fattened now as soon as pos?
Brahmas aro not hard to control. Give
them plenty to eat and they arc^usunllj
quiet aud contented. '(T
If fed largely upon corn it is an casj
matter for ducks to become too fat and
then thoy will not lay well.
When possible to avoid it poultrj
should not bo kilted when they have full
craws, especially for market.
The kind of food given hogs plays I
large and important part as to whethei
the profits shall be largo or small.
The most objection to peafowls and
guineas is their noise. Otherwise they
aro very nice Jowls to have around.
A small allowance of bono meal in tin
food will be beneficial to young fowls
that are afUxtcd with leg weakness.
If necessary to give sulphur to lh?
poultry do not feed too much at once. A'
tesspoonful in a quart, of food is usually
The principal advantage in cooking
the food for poultry is that if the right
kind of a ration is supplied, the fowls
will fatten faster.
By giving a good range nnd not feed?
ing too liberally there will usually bo no
difficulty in inducing the poultry to takt
all needed exercise.
The nests should always be arranged
so that the fowls can get into them
readily without being obliged-to jump
Iowa upon the eggs in the nest.
Select out tho turkoys that aro in?
tended to be kopt for breeding in good
season. It is not best to depend too
uuch on young fowls*for breedingT
Farmers who have bees should plant
!omo sweet clover for them. When the
:lover is of no more use to tho bees it
Mn be cut, cured, and tried ns hay.
More honey may be obtained by hav*
ng the surplus receptacles arranged upon
three sides of the brood than when we
depend upon the top of tho hive
With old hens especially, apoplexy
ind egg-bound are the result of exces?
sive fat. Better wealth and thrift can
>e maintained by keeping the appetite
If robber bees attack your hives wait
intil near sundown before searching for
hem. At that tivne tbey will not be
iblc to do as much harm as they could
lo earlier in the day.
Give the sheep plenty of dry, clean
redding so that tho wool will not become
'oul. We don't believe a sheep can be
lealthy that always is carrying a dirty
lcece around, and we know tho dirt docs
lot improve its quality.
Some bee-keepers prefer to have tho
>ait sections in the contra of the super,
vhile there are others who think that it
s best to have it placed in ono cetner.
Dr. C. C. Miller thinks that one in tho
tentre is as good as one in each cox?
By sowing somo grain crop to occupy
ho land through the winter you will pro
rent the waste of nitrogen. This is cs
lecially true if much manure has recently
>een applied. If to he plowed under in
he spring, rye is tho best grain that can
What does it cost you a qunrt to make
nilk? At tho New Hampshire oxperi
ncnt station they found that from thcii
)cst cow it cost about lj- cents a quart,
ind from their poorest cow it costs moro
:hnn 4J- cents. Thero is a chance for
?irofit iu one case and a surety of loss in
he other. ft!
Alternating hoed crops with grass,
:lover and cattlo is a necessity for farm*
:rs who seek for.-"p'ormanont success.
Tho only exceptnin to:thit is whero men
cultivate so littto land that thoy can and
will manure it all heavily every yoar.
Market gsrdoning is about the only use .
that land can bo put' to and bear the ox* [
pease of such method.'