Newspaper Page Text
UST 25, 1633. i "t4 VI DISTRICT. L Il-ITIDUET. 1 ntv3gii!S on the Ut Vnd October, ud may ; t,j sddtm of thft -TieGreenville . 1U. - TIMES. VOL GREENVILLE, WASHINGTON COUNTY. MISS., SATURDAY, AUGUST 25, 1S3. NO. 5 KUdOctotaodmay t , tie 4th vond-iy of March LuBty-gin on the 3rd I 4th lar of March Udiuiy continues Judicial L ,wntT-Begin on the 4th the a ""U"J ,',r.wd m? eontlnueR judicial eoiinty-Beglns on the v after the -1th Monday of sri. " mstBV coubt- 4 . , ... .ntv-KeBins n ,h l8t Lprila.'id October, and way (.ipriUnd October, and may injudicial days- ewntv-BegUui on the 1st uonT ., -ml November; and utayeeu- Jk'W da'- ' " ' 1 L eounty-liegina on the 3d L1V and November, and may I judicial days. , . county-Begi" on the lt I jane and December, and may judicial days. teunty-Begiin on the 2nd jiiwand December, d may (ndicial day. : " - r meetings tire held by the Superviattrs as follows : Ilien woday of January to elect ,muifeioner. Annually first If lurck, to receive Tax-Collec- uof delinquent and Insolvent Mritr uf a Mulatto receive and L the Ajsewiuent Roll; 1st Mon- ntetuber to levy tuxes ; and on aj next preceding eaoh term cf Diirt. Saprciae Court i of Supreme Court Com. mthe 1st Mondays of April tober. , , knaftlte Supreme "rl CampliKll, Chief Justice. y,ncr8' Associates Clifton, ' , Clerk. r.i Hrrult arl , A. Hill, J u dsre JkKee, ; f Clejk. nuiii, ' Marshal ., . . Dist. Atty begin in Jackson on the Jinn iu May and No y e in- Irlrl f anrt for Honthern Ilia IHt-l nt MImhImIpiiI A. Hill, Judge Mite,. , Clerk. miii, ; . ; Marshal (ai ... . Dial. Atty mis conuneuce in Jackson la Mondays of June and turn ot ru i.vi... r i t i .' " : 'wo' rim uoAim or MTKitv.oim. strict . J. V. Erwln Ulistnrt, Kj-Craiff district, (Pros.) X Goldstein i l'iitnot, J. J. McCutclien tottict, J. N. Collier v Attorney, , W.R. Trigg Ma-tan or LKUMt.ATI-RM. ' Stone, Peter Mitebell "' rmx Jliru di.tuii f , r , H. Jeffords. . . ;Mtrt ! Bherift frnj (Jhimeerf Clerk toliu'ii, Circuit Clerk Fmhj County Treasurer oyil, . . Assessor ilfri School Snpt TOWS (ll l ll IAI.t. pr, Jacob AIexaui?er. ,:iley. .Tolln'P Pinlnf tffcaiata, N W Conner. LcRoy Peiev ier. . Ti,.i u..:i p"pervmor, 8 W Perguno.i Ton Coiim 'lJof eneh month. , iMiiifppi Litm Commi Biosert. J1VH ''Jaunaiy iiud July. J tOmil..l(lIK!i. kes. . ! wte, ; Elm an, one, Mm. County. Bolivar county fsnnmiena conntr Sharkey county Sec. and Treas. Cotton Tax Collector Chief Engineer latfish Farmisy. We extract the following from Farieh Fnrman, delivered recently ' fn Montgomery, Alabama. We re gret that our space does not admit of its publication iu fu.l a8 we regard U as the most instructive address that we have ever read upon agricultural reform: u Upon the scrubby jiine lands of Middle Georgia I myself. lv the use of a perfect cot'ou mauure, have iu four years raieeil the pro duction of sixty acres of land from eight bales of cotton to sev enty bales of cotton and five hun dred buahcls of oats, and th jn- i creased value of the land alone1 will more than pay for every dol lar's worth of mauure used upon it during the period, leaving the crops the cost of working which under the intensive system was very small almost clear profit, proving iucoutestibly that the re sults from scientific agriculture in the old world are no more certaiu and satisfactory thau with us on this side of the Atlantic, for cor rect principles are universal iu their application and results. u I have asserted that in practice the old or extensive custom has clearly demonstrated itself a fail ure, because it has rapidly impov erished our lands, and has thereby made agriculture unremnuerative, driving from its pursuit those of our young men who have brains ud energy, and making of it only a dernier resort of those who having fnilod at everythiujrelse are pronounced to be fit duly for fin mors. Ou the other hand, I assert that the intensive system builds np our lands and otters to the young men of the country with limited means but possessed o? energy, education and .industry, by far the most inviting field for enterprise and labor opened up to youth of th's generation a fie'd iu which they at once and at tho same thue may achieve their euse and independence, and compel the assurance that the future of their country', has' opened out into a vista that grows broader and more beautiful as It reaches further and still further onward into the realms of the unknown. , "Let us consider these proposi tions, and the proof giveu to es tablish their truth, for if true all most admit their vital importance. "The first is, that our Southern lands are becoming poorer under the existing or extensive system. This no one will deny. The sec oud 'iK,thnt thu intensive system is i.bJe Rt oncoio meet and remove this e vil to stop at ouco the wear and tear and consequent exhaus tion, and more than this, to rebuild and restore our woru and wnstcd lands so that they may once more feast onr eyes .with fields of gold en grain, and gladden oiw beans with granaries that groan under Hie accnmtiltited burden. " Whence, then, proceeds th's wear and iear that, Anuses t!'e,c hanstiouf lis sonrce Is; clearly; not natural but artificial, for na ture never tears flown, she always build up; and in recognition of this fact the faritior turng h-s laud out to rest, as he calls it, h oidcr thnt nature may bo allowed an op portunity . to. revive its . failing powers.'; '; J;,- ' i ":-. "The" trouble cotneB, first, from a coiitiuuai withdrawal from t.-e bo ! of mineral or elementary mat er by successive crops without auy return,, until the patural sup n'v. whicli in fhe'ease of mineral mat ler nature is powerless to re produce, is exhausted or so redu ced os to furnish an insufficient supply of available material for plant food ( and second, from the loss mechanically occasioned by our tropical l-aius and burning summer sun and winds; in wash ing away tue finer particles of our son, and drying out the humus or organic matter from the soil, both of which losses are aggravated by onr shallow system of culture, together and preventin and a succession of washing, i nearly two hundred and sixty per H l!bf rfarre's Sneers. crops, one cent. fo.lowmg imniediatefy npou the; "Yon will observe that the per removal f the other, gives quick I centage of profit was not quite so and satisfactory dividends, and great this year as last, but the re- I 8 "P "Dont ,l "'oy greater as there tbe ne .t M remiluls Um ot ! a.0: .mC emiace, proiectng H j was twice as much invested, but from loss by washing or e vapoia- j the profit in the use of the mauure tiou. Uuder the intensive system j in increased production represents the rapidity of plant growth is al- ouly one branch of the profit, most iucredible. Last year, after While I was increasing my crops raising a crop of oats, I planted and receiving heavv dividends. I Tiif Eariiiquake of ISM. ! A wriicr in an old number of j Srsalor Cutler ei Vgro Labor. Mr. M Harper's Magazine thus speaks of. Senator ( lUiiler, I'uited States from south Carolina. P? I' tONAL. iVKitOY t, rntnir VERGER & PERCY, OlttEYS AT LAW, Orcenviiie. siiss. 'U YOUNG, JNT 1ST." "trlnlaj'.Dnig Stored nville. MIm. ALlWELL McORATIL ari? Raat ISM. tue hind ou the 9th day of June iu cotton. In August I pulled up a stalk of the cotton to exhibit in connection with my address be fore the Georgia State Agricultu ral Society. Just fifty-nine days after the seed were deposited in the ground, and it then measured five feetaud three inches iu height, and had ou it one hundred and twenty-sis bolls and blooms and squares. You cau readily under stand how a crop growing as rap idly as this would soon cover the laud and protect it iu every way. "Four years ago I took a piece of sandy laud, loose iu texture and easily washed, lying upon a steep hillside so steep, in fact, that it is necessary to have the crops carried part of the way np the hill to the wagou at harvest. My object iu selecting it was to see if by a continuous suecessiou of crops it was uot practicable to stop the washes, which were very numerous, and iu some places more than two feet iu depth, and bring the land into good condition. "I began by planting oats, fol lowed at once by com and peas; first filling the gullies with pine tops, and plowiug over them. I fertilized each crep with manure suited to its requirements, and kept the land continuously iu cul tivation, raising every year ou it three crops, as above stated, and to-day its productiveness is in creased four-fold, and tho surface is fiinooih and unbroken, without any sign of s gully apparent. " From these illustrations, drawn from my own experience, you can see that the intensive system ' ablo to remove the sources from which spring the great evi's that so sorely afflict our agricultural interests. "The only other question left for consideration, and one with which I am frequently confronted is : ' Oranteil that it cau do all this, does it pay f Is it not too expen sive for general adoption t Is it within the means of the average fiirmer!' To answer theso queries I will draw upon my own expeiience, and give you we figures covering my five years' experience on sjx'y acres of land. "Five years ago I solccted sixty acres of tho poorest land in Mid dle Georgia, five acres being red clay, tweuty five sandy surface with clay subsoil near the surface, and about one-half or thirty being sandy piney woods laud without any clay within several feet of the surface. I cultivated this careful ly the first year without manure, and made on it eight bales of cot ton. The second year I applied five hundred pounds of compost per acre, consisting of six bushels cotton seed, six bushels stable and lot manure, and one hundred and forty pounds chemical, costing two dollars per acre, making the cost of mauure used on the sixty acres $120. The crop was twelve bales cotton averaging four hun dred and seventy pounds and bringing $17 per bale-giving four bales of eotton increase, or in money $188, and leaving a profit on its use, after paying for the manure, of $68, or about sixty per cent. Tho third year I doubled the mauure, using one thousand i.nm.Ha ripr ncre. costing in the aggregate, $210, and the crop near ly doubled, rising to 23 bales, and giving an increase of fifteen bales, worth $675, with a profit from the nso of the manure of $13o, or nearly two hundred per cent, on tho money invested in manure. was building up my land. When I began, two hundred dollars would have beeu a large price for the sixty acres, to day I could sell it for fifty dollars an acre ; so that twenty-eight hundred dolhirs has been made by the iucrease in val ue of the land, but the mauuro used during the time ouly cost iu the aggregate $1,800, so the en hanced value in the land pays for the manure and leaves a thousand dollars as profit. Again, to nihke seventy bales of cotton and five hundred bushels of oats with the average production of Georgia or Alabama lauds, will require at least two hundred and fifty acres of laud, aiid it will take at least eight mules and labor in propor tion to cultivate it. I cultivated my crop with two mules, thus sav ing the investment of nine hun dred dollars in that most undesir able of all property, a mule, wheu run by enft'oe as a freeman, saving the labor of a six-inulo farm, and the feed of six mules ; really, un der the intensive system, I culti vate my sixty ucres of laud with less labor than a crop of sixty acres required under the old sys tem. I plant late, and all eood farmers know that nieaus less work, and my crop grows so rap idly that it, as it were, works it self, and I eoou have to lay it by, whereas, under tho bumble-bee cotton system, it is a hard fight all tho year between the cotton and the grass, and tho farmer is kept constantly digging to save his crop." Ben. Perley Toore, in Irs Wash ington Reminiscences, says Mr. Finertr. who is eomiug here as a I me shaki-.ig up given to a portiou writes to the Charleston N'ewsand iepiesenta'ive from Chicago in i of the MisMssippi Valley 72 years , Couries: In your editorial of the Sth iust. on "The Segro as a a good story about Jack Fiuerty, j "At the close of the year 1SII laborer,' you have fallen into two a parliamentary reporter of the ' the Valley of the Mississippi was errors. First, when yon say " Sen- Loudou Herald. Rousing Finerty 'agi sted by repeated shocks of ator Puttier took an extreme and fio:i) his slumber on the benches, earthquake, which continued with rather rash view of the subject, O'Sullivan exclaimed, "Jack, Wil- mo-e or less violence for ne arly we think, when he said there was berforce has just made an extiaor- three mouths. The country 70 no time siute 186.5 when tho labor Idiuary speech" " What a!ont miles below the month of the Ohio has been more untrustworthy. returned Fiuerty, ruobing ins j river seems to h.rve ben near the and that we could spare two hun eyes. "About the potato; the j centre of the convulsions, and the I dred thousand nero laborers: locality for many miles wa seamed and second wheu yon sav. The Trmii of It. Another Littli Wit Raminuotaoi xaphatie a'.ly Contradicted. keening the surface: soil always j Tho fourth year I doubled the ap - i- 1 loose and clear of tue weeus aim grass that nature strives to place as a carpet upon the surface to guard against loss by evaporation plication again, with an aggregate cost of $480, and this time the crop was a little over doubled, being for this year forty-seven bales; uiru Hi;lI0,V0O ' r i i 0 a t rt Under the intensive system the the increase over tho first year be- drain upon the soil by the crops ( ug th.rty-n.n is at once removed, lor that sys-j leaving a profit of $1,2-3, or near i. fiiraa nmwirpti nei vcul. v v ,j, .... , tern presupposes the supply in ad vance of an amount ot toou iuny sufficient to the requirements of the rop, and; this plentiful inppJy of plant food iu itself produces a rnnid and vigorous growth upon tho part' of the crop,; say cotton, investment. The fifth or last year, I again doubled the manure, using four thousand pounds to the acre, costing altogether $060, and the crop harvested was seventy bales huudreu unsneis (itn. lulnil A. Ei.rl) tu Hit t.yiieliliiiru . I find iu your paper of this morning a paragraph which is credited to the Richmond Slate, in which is this statemout: t Ou one occasion Lue received this devout dispatch from one flank: "lly the grace of God we have beaten them on tho right," and ou the other wing, "lly d n hard fighting we havo whipped them ou the left.", One lieiitouaut was Jackspu, theo..iier Kwcll. Gen. Ewcll was Incapable of such disrospoct to Gen. Leo as sending tho dispatch, attributed to him, and I don't think that there was any oflicer of rauk in the Ar my of Northern Virginia who would have exhibited such disregard of military propriety, But the fact is that Gen. Ewcll, np to the time of Gen. Jackson's death, fought iu no battle whatever in which he did not fight as Gen. Jackson's subordinate. I The only battles in which he fought during that time, when Gen. Lee was present com manding, were the seven days' battle around Richmond, and he then fought under the Immediate command of Gen. Jackson, to whom any dispatch or report by him would have been sent, and not to Gen. Lee. " Gen. Ewcll lost his leg at second Maimsas ou the 28th of Angust, 1862, before the arri val of Gen. Lee, and did not re turn to the army nnti' after Gen. Jackson's death. He then came back as the commander of Jack- sou's old corps, having been ap pointed to the position, as is un derstood, in accordance with the wish of Geu. Jackson, expressed on his death-bed. He came back as a member of the church, and remained a consistent Christian until his death, years after the war. Gen. Ewcll hinisclf is beyond the reach of detraction or the mortification of seeifig in print such thoughtless stories as the above; buthe hns near relatives and many friends, to whom the circulation of such stories through the papers cannot fail to be offen sive. I may remark here that many Southern papers are very inconsistent in publishing stories in regard to the war, often the off spring of Yankee Intention, mere ly because they are sensotional. Some of these stones are sucn as would provoke a saint, and, not being a saint myself, I am often tempted very sorely to express myself in very emphatic language, especially in regard to the South effects of it as an article of popu lar diet; proved that the finest kind of men were reared on it, far superior to the English." "Wil bet force said Oat, did he!" ex claimed Finerly: come let me take his remarks in full from your notes." " Wi,h pleasure, my dear ; fellow," replied O'Sullivan, who commenced as if read'ng from a note book, whilst Finerty eagerly ! wroto after liiinin the following vein: "Mr. Wtlborforee then em-j phatically remarked that it always appeared to him beyond question that the great cause why the Irish Iaborers,as a body, were so much stronger and capable of enduring so much more futigue than the English arose from the surpassing virtue of their potato." " That's what I cull eloquence," interrupt ed Jack Finerty. O'Sullivan again resumed. "And I have no doubt ( continued Mr. Wilbc force) that had it beeu my lot to have been bom in Ireland, where my food would have principally con sisted of that inestimable root, in stead 'fit oeiug the poor 'infirm shriveled Jtmd Btuntcd creature yon, sir, and houorable goutlemen bohold mo, I would havo been a stout, aMiletie, handsome man, iib'e to carry an enormous weight.' " Well done, Wilberforee," ex claimed Jack in high glee, " go on Morg.n. O'Sullivnn then proceed ed in the 6amo vein of piuhos and absurdity, but adroitly , keepiug within ho bounds that Finerty's credulity would swullow, until he placed a most whimsical bpeoch iu the monih of the grave nd earn est Wilberforee. Finerty, with many e"piesBious of thanks to his brotiier reporter, slatted for the IIef.;ld ofllce. On his way, turn, ing Into a tavern close by the hnse of commons, where n num ber of reponers of tho different morning papers weio regnung themselves. Jack furnished them all with copies of "Wilboi foice's speech," and ;he hoax found Its way the next morning Into every piiper in London, with the ex ception of the morning Chronicle to, which, bs mutter of course, tiie correct report wus furnished by O'Sullivan. The public was astounded at the extraordinary speech which ac cording to nearly all ihe papers, Mr. Wilberforee had mnde, aud he general opinion wns express ed 4lmt he was a candidate for Berl'nm. The following evening, on the speaker taking the chair, We'berfo.-ce rose and claimed the indulgence of the house. " Every honorable member," ho observed "b.s dou'oi loss read tho sneech which I am represented as having fp.de on the previous night. With the permission of tho house I will read ft. ( Here the honor able gentleman read the speech amidst tho most deafening roars of laughter.) I can sssnro the honor able members that no one could cave read this speech with more Biirpiise than I myself did this morning, when I fonndthe paper oni'ic breakfast talile. ' I' or my self personal'y, I care but little about ii,'ihongi, if I were capable of nt levins such nonsense as is here put into my monlh, it is high time that, instead of being n mem ber of 'his house, I 'were an in mate of some lniiittio asylum. It is for the dignity of this house that I feel concerned, tor, if tiie honorable menbers were capable of listening to such nonence, sup posing me capable, of U'Vu'4 ex pression to it, weie it much more a ppropi ia' et o cnll thisatheaticfor the performance of farces Gran a place for the legislative delibera tions of tiie representatives of the people,." Poor Fiuerty never got over this and within my remembrance, when a reporter who had absented himself from tho congressional gallery 'where lie was detained, would ask what bad been going on during bis obsense, and was told some wonderful story, he would say : " Do yon think I am Jack Fiuerty." " i with wide chasms aud disfigured with immense subterranean holes, the remains of wli'ch are still pointed out. The scenes which oc curred during the several d:i)S the shocks continued are repre sented as having been terrible be yond beyond description, and many weeks elapsed before nature resumed her usual quiet sway. Du ring the commotion sulphuretted gases tainted the air, and for more than 150 miles peireptibly im pregnated the rolling floods (of the river). The river banks, the sand-bars and the islands disolved away, engulfing large tracts of forests. Out of tho seething waters rose lingo snags, and the lemninsof gigantic trees, winch after resting for ages in the accu mulations of the bed of the river, were again borne into daylight to become merciless enemies of nav igation. " Every shock of the earthquake was accompanied with what seem ed to bo the discharge of heavy artillery, while every fow moments lie sntfttce of the river rose and fell nmny feet. Finally," records a wi'ier of the strange phenomena, "Hfter escaping many dangers, my boat suddenly swung nrontid iu the conflicting cttrren's and tup idly shot np the river. Looking ahead I beheld tho mighty Miss issippi cut in twiiin and pouring down the vnt opening itno t lie bowels of the earth. 1 A moment more und iho chasm filled but tho strong sides of the tint bout were crumbled to pieces iu tho eoiivulwive efforts of the Hood to obtain itn wonted lovel," !'ew Madrid, at that time a flourishing town, was completely ruined, and the bluff on which it wns situated sunk dowu to the level of tho rvcr,and was after ward submerged. Most of tho In habitants would have met with ;tbe fate of Caracas, a city destroyed at t.ie sumo time wiih New Madrid had their bouses been of similar materia heavy stones. "Among the incidents remem bcied is that of a poor Indian, wiio, completely uewiiuereii iiy what lie saw, stoically gave him self up to w hut ho deemed to bo inevitable destruction. Upon be ing asked what was tiie matter, he significantly and solemnly pointed to ib heavens and replied: 'Great Spirit whisky too much." It was ou this occasion dint a keel boat man after escaping a thousand daubers, finally straddled the trunk of a huge tree that had fal len across one of the chasms made by tho earthquake, and holding ou wiih commendable pertinacity, looked into the profound depths below. Gaining courage, ho nd V'sed h s companions to take a place at his side, "for lie did not think die earthquake was any gieat shakos alter all.'" "And yet the stubborn tact starcal us iu the face that ha orncEiiULEs. j 6EBSCKUTXOH TERMS- v . thir rar. h advance...-...-... fS i V hen aot paid a above, r withta- month frmn expiration of time laid fit ?. to. ' j advektisTkq bates. J Trnn.i-n! AihfrtUinjf. (trie Stare i tt.'te lit.rltoii.. -!..")0 I Ka a iilfueiit !ii-ertion IV, j retM for Ij-kuI notice, which ri i; ; rliulrd tinili-nim head. line nn . before' lait iHil.lii kiujii. uiruvf fimiUln-,1 i-.u-I til I'aul for. ) Liwali. five linen or lee, thi tvf, j M ceuta for tirnt, it mnu each ttie I t'lieiit iiwertion. j IVrwitml article or notices ehaij.ee1 for ao-orihnK to their nature. t utoiurn will leaej;fve explicit di rection, of lentrthof time for ;uli!icai ion ' of thertieuiriit. Uciftilar ailvertiiiine. one cjita.-e. 3 Bi-. $7, Sins. $li I year $SK I-arfO'r advertisement, nuartertj . half yearly, ami yearly, i 'initialled for at Liberal Kate. ANSOCNCISOJCAXDIDATFS. r'or State and lliftrict (Mtices $15 for t tmntv )d'te, I" For l.eat Ollicea. Onier-from trannient ciiflon'ers, ter- t.ul or rillen. lor job work.advertieiu(r. BAJtK OP OP.E 5VIXL2. e.otton and five . I ' nni. Sen lu-rps of the land nav- that causes i , - flrgt ,B 0Bfg aud , em wuich reprodace tUem rtlrito yield which I am sure would meet the """ ,J t.A , rd Iialea or COt- . . T of trouble. ... , - jevcu ;7 " ;:: ", nt ,ixU Jl,uSe W8CK 0,1 uo- received instructions tonrgepoly !.I nf t lA n flTll. ' I U! i UlUiiR y i oi AiiunODO affor IiOlfllT T fl lAVPfl Ilv 1 n,so ".Let the complete system,! cent. per bushel, tjre money vabie . Section 463 (ode J880 (oust rued. Cliaioii. For tho Info; nation of parties Interested we wilt slato that Ihe Atto' iiey Gencal has decided that assessors may receive, hi the dis cretion of the Hoard of Supervi sors, exceeding five cents for each individual assessed, whether as sessed for personalty or realty, or both, or a poll only. There being two separate rolls, one for land end tho other for personalty, it is contended in somo quarters that assessors arc entitled to five cents for land assessments and five cents for personal assessments. This is an error in t'n opinion of the Attorney General. ... , t k Stalwart's Tnbate to l.re. There are few Americans, yorth or South, who do not cher'sh s secret or acknowledge an open ad uiiration for the character if not the convictions of the late Robert E. Lee.' He was the Havelock of the South, a brave soldier and chrisiian ' gentleman. The scene yesterday at the unveiling of his statute In the now historical but usually peaceful town of Lexing ton, Va.. whs impressive in the ex treme. Lee was the idol of the A Mormon at Bait Lake, Utah, is reported sn saying since the ntaitir.,1 tkat tho ta(whira of fltut Bid i nr.-, ,m? ....... j . section in the various wards have j South, and the handsome mwusole- sciousuess after being relieved by pimy, without restraint, upon the i. .1 - i . . i ... . i .i. n a lCf i'HHiiu huh cm une anon nrcLiiieii. an itnj iin cnnniu-i causes the 1 of this crop was $3,450, leaving a , Tuesday s.iid, '"I will proceed now that there is nothing specially "WTaff . - . .i.:i. S tcnniiprtni. .. ;t,u. filled with a nrofit ou investment in ma n tiro i in 'Je answer the (.esinti P-n'iw criticisms of Mr. I binding on them in the Ldmumls - ' t:tw n tu. with its ueHiititi)' siaiiie. .win fo"ti a shrino around which will laborer we have, and that it is ab solutely impossible to do without him, bad as lie is." A moment's reflection would have convinced yon Unit I could never have said "we could never have said " We could safely spare two hundred thousand of negro laborers," ft.r the best reason in the world, that there are not more than lint many "uegro laborers" all told in the State. What I did say at Marion, or meant to say, wus, thnt we could safely spare two hundred or two hundred and fifty thousand negroes from the State, and I repeat it. I said the same thing when the so called exodus was going on from Miss issippi a few years ago, and when a "great outpouring" of Cue blr.cka was talked of from this State some time Inter. I am per fectly candid in that opinion, and believe it would be better for the whites and better for the blacks. It would equalize some things now perilously unequal. It would bring about an eqniliiirtun between the races, and give the white man a chum e by taking out of his nath the ruinous competition of cheap negro labor. It would give tho negroBchnneo by removing him roni from Urn m-t 'llgn influences of large musses of black peopU and bringing hiui tu sharp compel! tion with Ihe uioro vigorous and thrifty white ruco, lint the rea sons for this opinion on toy part are too numerous to bo set out in this connect ion. As to the second proposition "the negro is tho only laborer we have, and that it is absolutely im possible to do without him," I em phatically deny. I think Major McLucns, a very Intelligent and intelligent and Obserxant man stated It correctly iii tho discus sionnt Marion when he suld, in Gubstnnce that the white laborer of the State 1ms increased iu efllclencyOO per rent., and that the negro laborer hns decreased In the same pioportiou. The most progressive and prosperous sec tions of the country lire where tho white labor predominates, and if the white labor should bo entirely withdrawn wo should have a "howling wilderness" in less thau a quarter of a century. If ou the other Imud the colored laborers should be gradually withdrawn aud their places supplied by the whito rncc, wo should have the most pro gressive enterprising fanners in the world wiihin the same period. I do tint underrate tho value and mpnrtanco of negro labor. It has done much and may do much more. Iu the mines and oilier industries requiring muscle they are excel lent, but wheto brain and iutelli geuceare required, as in diversi fied funning they are not a success. I sny there has been no time since 1865 when the labor hns been more unirnst worthy than now," because I hear the complaint on alt sides, from black m well as whito, hud I must conclude it is so. My own observation and experience tells me It Is so. Aud, while I appre ciate the negro labor "at its full value, and concede all that is claimed for it, the proposition I endeavor to enforce is that, if it is becoming more and more defi cient year by year as Dgricultutul labor, itbehoovos ns to be looking about for a remedy, if one cau be had. That is all. There is some thing more involved thau the num ber of pounds of cotton and bush els of corn and rice we can muke with negro labor, and it is n'.iout time we wero beginning to inquire what that sometiuz is. I do not like to take a pessimistic view of things. I am generally more in clined to consider public questions from a sanguine standpoint; but I think I soe much trouble before us iu this labor question, iu fact in the whole negro question; and having been invited to 'participate iu its discussion at Marion, I gave my opinions with that frankness and directness that a proper re gard for its importance demanded If the future should disclose the rose colored tints - now thrown unon it bv some who are more i thM nulr or iitwcriiiiitm. nitun he accompanied by . " 3 the cash. Account of reitniar etialo- niertt due and preaented the let of eech month. t HCfcTH MRKCTonV. St. Jo Cth.W Chareh llili !llt- ti la w'rl.wk a. iu uutt e-t-er, M e. m Hr-t ttNil lairH nH4n, Ci,l-rltt.ltt 4uttU al a, a. V. I. IMtnwrt titNr. St. Jaaiea EpUeopaJ Caarca ' ll vnliir mniln M-rtlc M II t w Mrtc , -fritr, t. tu etrr .ittutttr CmmuitlHt to-t nu!y la eucfc aiwuih !. M K"-'. KtTHtr '.itmtnlh tIhmM tvl U a tu 31. M .KT,ttMrttH.CMkat .- f , M.thodUt Charek Creat-Miitr al II a m. an.l Tarn eierr ' lit,. Crttt'tr-itteftiHu vtt'tv l ntiit'Htrt, Hitrltl. ".in.liv -h..l. -... J W Ili'iiiMill. ta-liir.' W. II T.Utf..M ... Praibrtarla 1 Charok -: Pi-enrlilatt al II a an4 T 11 hi verv ftimtlttr ' imihtntioH M '.nttilat lit IVItrtltn, Mry, tfi- hh4 ttvMitlter PnttrwnteeilMir ntwy . twhtclitv wltrlil. i Atrlter 1'a.lur. httuiliiv m-lt.Ktl tit i4,. ftttm. Ilruwa up. Jaa-'.k Brajtseiaa aerrtre r'fMttv rvrttliMf hi 7k,.aai Stiinttiy iN.rtiiiia-al In',. J. Ittigvtk. ltttUltl. Landjsom and Pihtanoh from , Greenville to New Orleans.1' Sunny Side 11 , . Refuge ,. ,1-t Glcuont , , 20 Leotu .14 Louisinnft and Arkansas lino ' M Sklpwith' . i. t - ' , Miiyersvllle , ; -; 1,0,1 Lake Providcnco ,0;i llriuiawlek It. (fiMit o l,eve Mat.) tr ' Mouth of Yazoo -. !', Vicksburg l.W Grand Gulf . . 173 St. .loo 188 Rodney 102. Xatchoa , , . , 244, Fort Adams , 2!l!l Louisiuna and Mississippi Line 'M" Red Kivee . . . Ihiyon Sara "-' ' Port Hudson ... 1. lint 011 Rouge ; I'lnquembie . , liotialilsoiiv lie Convent rtoniiet Carre New Orleans . ' Mouth of River - 34 . 355 1 U74 . 400 ' 43.3 " 1 -453.. " 478 ' CU , 024 gnllier coining general ioiis.HukIi Hastings in N. Y. Commercml-Ad vertiser. Greenville to St. Louis. Columbia . , 7 Gaines . 27 Arkansas City '38 ' iloiivar 6i A 'Kansas River . . 81 liosedule . 86 White River 8!) (!(iiii'(inliii , ; 107 SiMtlower (Head Lcveo Dist) i:t Friars Point . 164 Helena , - 18'J Austin '' 1 '203 Mississippi and Ten 11. Lino '.'111 Memphis ., 261 Ark. and Missouri Lliit, , 384 Tetiu. and Kentucky Lino 435 New Madrid ' 441 Columbus - .-' 489 1 Cairo .- 1'" 504 ' Tower Rock ; , . , . . , 600 Ilurracl 1 . . ... 711 St. Louis .".' '' . 720 This list of dietauce is procured from the latest official sin vcys and maps. . , , 1MINTAI. IMHM'riO.Hn. ,. , All postage must be paid by Staillt). .. ; ,-, . i , , , Letters Iu the United States per half ounce, 3 cents. Droji letters', hnlf ounce, 1 cent; - Registered letters, 10 cents and' proper por.tage. f, . . t a Pamphlets, uevvspupers, niaga-, .ines, boo ts, posters, etc each 2 ounce or fraction, 1 cent.' Printed i-nrd", blanks, seeds,'4 merchandise, 1 cent per onncei '1 All matter uot at letter rtues must be pre-paid in full, wrapped so that it can be examined wuhout destroying the wrapper; ' ' ' Liquids, poiiton, explosives and other dangerons inai ter excluded. . C 11 paid letters are seut to tue Dead liCtter ollice. . Idters pa't piiid forwarded, bal-' ance collected of the receiver. Capital pri.o Louisiana Lottery, Sept. iuh,$ 150,000. Secure your tickets iu time. , , We enoUnne tn act aaaolicitonifor Tiatenta, eafrala. fraflc-niarlia, eopyri-iltte, etefcr tlio CEitod BUtw, and lo otttain pal enU in Canada. Euglaad. Jrance, Ocrmanr, and ail other conntriw. . ! Thlrt-lx prwlioo. charge for ctaminatimi of models or draw ings. Ad-rice by mil free. fcatenta ohtaiwd tlimnsh as ro imticetl in the SCISIIilTIFIC AMERICAN, which has Ihelarnea eircnlation, and is Ihe mm infta ential newapaper of itatiud pnblislied in tho world. Tht a rnt ea of suelt a notice etery patentee underatanfla. " Thialarjra and aplrmlMIr lllnatratcd now JperpnbliBlied VK:iLat:llaT!r. and is atimitted to be tho hmt pnper demist to atiinnoo, matibanire. InrBolioiia, enpiieery worts, and othsr dnitartmonta of iuilntnnl . ....r.i .... :n 1... ........ ..:., wmereiM. tmhlnhed fa aT eeanerr. Bn1 " '," ' " ' '7 trmii, 1 i,ie. Bold b ail fled thau myself, und none more ' - , ready to acknowledge a mist a 1 - ( .';-; 't-' ; ."'I'.'V'."" ,if. jUdUollt. . .... 1 HanW, 'tit :I l-uaw-U fc- holding II, 0' 2,JV, Vi l"- vV.m.u v - -mi aacasu-M-nt 01 UiiUfciuvo"". ' '.. R'ven to the pay- f rnotl(l(.