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:i).VY, AUGUST 4, 18. TICE RULES. - BRIPTIU TtKMS. -r, in advance $2 00 bscriber desiring big paperdi- d will plea notify u. promptly. t to iSVKKTISISiti BATES. MUwing will rntern fatnre eoatrats t -i v s ,uinf , tlumtfttUc and foreign: '1 wk. tvb 2 mo. . modtl year. :. a a 5i 9isi!a iim 1 3. "si j 12 w 3n j.iU CHt litiO1 IStW. JUiW 3 7 1. ii S5i; ism 4.U 9iu lsini 32S bW IU 1.1 W JIIW 4SW Kllft) lti iiim wu oiu, ntw rnriImofrhairing rveulai aJtrrtiiwiueiiU ( ace a uiutith without charge . .Loeala," apace of five lines or more, lis type, 10 centa per line for first, 5 -at eaet subse'tuent insertion. Less rn Bva line. 15 centa per line for first id 10 centa per line each subsequent in irtioa. Other reading notices tame ire. i ersonal articles or notices charged jr or d' lined according to thelrnature. -Ci ra will please give explicit di sc flength of time for publication J i neuients. r i Ivertiseuients. iiuarterlj, half yearly and yearly, C ,..;.scted for at Liberal Bates. i i ra from transient customers, ver- or written, for job work, advertising, I subscription, must be accompanied by bs cash. Account of regular custo Wrt due sod presented the lat of each loath. DIVERSITY OK :ississippi. Jk innntul SiMioa of Uii IaiUtutioa Will Of ID "SBAV, 27th SEIT. SEXT. " f oulty. consisting of eleven Pro . and one constructor, U full, ding are In perfect order: the 1 1 elevated, and perfectly heal . i eessarv expenses need not ex 1 i 0 or $200 for entire course of u nths. Law students $200 and . the new school la in operation, i Its curriculum eiuul to any in the k9 ited (Mates. J ) nrfr'l particulars, and lor Historical II CKIUIUlin, BUWi lil'innii Jialriuan of Faculty. I'nlversl ... or BKM. PRICE. (Secretary Board of Trustees, ' Oxford, Miss. ;. h. laceyT Factor and builder. GHEENVILLE, MISS. i list . I, t t 3 prepared to do all kinds of work .test styles of Architecture and .'inner of Good Workmanship, Work a Specialty. XINSELL A. I tCCKSSOll TO T. O'CONNEH.l !e and Harness Maker a ,1 SHOP OK WALNUT KTMKKT. LfEErs con iv stantly on hand every t hlng In his line. All kinds of. repairing done on short notice. 8 ells a nd works cheap. ESTABLISHEP 1869. . YAGER, old and Kolluble Bakery, I Dealer in X ully and Fancy n. .OCERIES, ;C n fectioiiarie.it etc Lt.,H BREAD, CAKE, etc. I Constantly on hand. delivered at nil hours of the liny ill Bread delivered at jesi n 1 every evening. king my patrons and the public lly for past patronage, i respect niiest n continuance of the same, r . j . MANN", Gontracto and Builder. fort Bone on Moit Reaionablt am: TERMS. t Workmen and Best Material. TBI! rs promptly attended to 1" end Buirouuding country. 1 furnish plana and gpecifica for all styles of public and e buildings july31 VNSAS MEATS fe-openln of my meat snpplv , on or about the' loth Inst., wilt I shop on the I It aid. of Walnut Street, I" 1 Main street corner. I have tnngemcnts for I ! Shipments by Express for ffa:A Western Meats, 3r and will keep no other.-fij j Will also supply j p, SAME 1NDJRESSED POULTRY. J ndlng In the future, as In the past, tr no efforts to give satisfaction i i i customers, I respectfully solicit It.. ..age. . . f: t 1. r. IiAIBEKT, formerly of Moye & Laurent. . .Soot. 10. 1(7. :i. Lcavcinvortli, Manufacturer of- ugh and Dressed I U MB Ell. king, Siding, f Ceiling, Shingles, !is, Pickets, j Mouldinqs, Etc. j HEREAFTER 13 STRICTLY CASH. ri,j sizf (( TIME SALES MADE s. 7 WM3 I bills due on presentation, The VOL. 21. STATE SEWS. Mrs. Forrest, mother of Capi. For rest of the Georgia 1'acilic, and relict of the illustrious Confederate cavalry man, lien. Forrest, ia visiting the aick bed of her son, at the home of Dr. J. L. Mclau iu our city. We are pleased to learn, however, that t'apt Forrest is improving. Winona Advance. The following gentlemen have been appoiuted by tior. Xicholl to consti tute the Fifth Louisiaua Levee Board; J. B. lliserodt and Wilmer II. shields, of Concordia ; C. C. Conlill and Car acal Goldman, of Tensas; T. I. Max well, of Madison and ". U. Lyle, of Fast Carroll Xatcliei Bauuer. Hou. It. V. Walker, of Lauderdale county, has written a letter to the Meridian 'ews, in which he comes out boldly agaiust prohibition. Before the local option election tw o years ago he was an avowed prohibitionist, and was active in his advocacy of that cause, lie Is for iciniteraucc now, but against prohibition. News. There will be a re-union of the sur vivors of the fiunoim old 1st .Mississippi C. S. A. Cavalry Regiment at Durant ou Thursday, September 6th, 1888, and a large attendance is expected and desired, lien'l Armstrong, iu w hose brigade this regiment rauked 1st, by number, as w ell as valor, w ill be pres ent. Charleston News. Cotton worms, it Is reported, have made their appearance on the Ben Lomond place. We believe their ap- pcaranco is noted on this place ahead of any other Iu the county, every sea sou. We don't fear them, however. this season as our planters have been expecting them aud have laid in a good supply of l'aris green, w hich is a dead shot on them, Spectator. Work ou the grand trunk Hun of the Georgia I'ncilie from Columbus to Greenville is all under headway and contractors are pushing their work rapidly to completion. Messrs. Gib son & Corpcnlug, Sullivan & Son, A. W. Little, Dr. L. I Crump, aud Gibson, Julian & Co. are nil getting along splendidly. Yesterday was pay-day with Dr. Crump, and a large number of people were made glad and happy with a month's earnings. West l'oitit Forum, It is given out at Jacksou that about 1A clerks aro behind in rendering their ncrounts of tho distribution school fund, and that this will account for tho delay lu having the distribution inado by the Auditor of Public Ac counts. About 60 clerks that aro In nocent of blame aro resting under the suspicion of being delinquent In thU matter, nud we think t he blame should be iiiudo to rest on tho delinquents by publishing their names. Lexington Biillotiu. (Juito a uimiber of our country friends shipped the early Ausden peach a month ago and received uoth lug for them. If they will uow ship tho fiuo peaches ready for market they will realize good prices. Xcw Orleans Is tho best market, for tho fruit south of us is pretty well gone. AVo noticed to-day that third bushel boxes arc sell ing as high as iJil.'.'S. Our peach crop is so ubunilaut thai we ought to try to realize something for It. Holly Springs Reporter. We do not fail to recognize brother Burkotfs valuable services as a legis lator and will uot give his detractors one grain of comfoit, but the treat ment of tho A. & M. collego was a gross mistake ; all the more gross for the reason that the blow was from the bauds of one who, by his profession, ought to be its good friend and sup porter. A proper mid well balanced ntlitudo towards tho colleges is that of undisguised friendliness to each; and such appropriations to each as may be necessary to promote their continued efliciency. Macon Beacon. Saturday night a uegro woman was shot and instantly killed at her homo near Bculah. The party doing the shooting was ou tho outside of the house and tired through tho wludow. A child was the ouly witness to the killing, aud on her sworn statement a negro named Jake .lones was arrested aud is uow iu Jail. Close on the heels of this murder a negro man named Sam Templet on, iu the same neighbor hood, fatally cut another negro. He, too, is now behind the bars. How long Is this spasm of rcd-liandcd mur der to continue? Bolivar Democrat. We learn that the bank isa certainty, that the stock is all taken and business w ill open iu the building adjoining the drug store of Davis Henderson & Co. About 9,000 of the stock is taken here. September 1st is tho time set for the opening. We sec no rcaon whv this bank should not be one of the best paying ones iu the State ; sit uated ns it is, in this rich Delta coun try, where millions of dollars arc used annually, and which has to be gotten from a distance. All that is necessary to niako it successful will bo to let the money out fo homo men at a reason able rate, and let It he known that they do a banking business to make a suc cess of it, and hnvo the money to sup ply the demand, Valley Hag. There is no part of tho t'nited States where greater need exists for harmony amongst the people than in Yazoo. As loiij as tho white voters are united, as long as they can decide the Issues that must arise, between themselves, so long will peace, prosperity aud hap GREENVIIXE, piness be assured. We are glad to see that the general sentiment of the jieu- ple is the same iu this matter, as w as signally illustrated in the local option election. Had the question not bca cliiuiuated from the ballot-box the can vass would have oeen one of the most heated on record. Kaeh side w ould have called out "nigger," and the passions of the various partisans would have been inflamed to fever heat by the day of election. As it w as there was as little ill feeling engendered as could have been expected. The people wo hope w ill long remain iu this happy temper of mind. Yazoo Herald. We are overjoyed to be able, at last, to announce to our readers that Sum mit will soon be blessed with a National Bank. Mr. Sol. Hyman,of the staunch and reliable tlrin of llyuian Jfc Bros., of this place, is the public-spirited cit izen, who has taken this important matter iu baud. He has purchased sutUcient space on the vast side of his present commodious store to erect a large two-story brick building, which he informs us is to be used as a bauk. The brick are now being received, a well has been sunk to furuUh water for the mortar, and in the course of several weeks, a force of workmen will be at work upon the building. Oh! won't we bail w ith delight the day that the refulgent uu tlrst casts its rays upon a National Bauk iu Summit. We have a few dollars now laid aside for tho especial purpose of being oue of the first to make a deposit therein. .Summit Sentinel. A letter was received hero yesterday from Mr. Jetl'ersou Davis making in quiry about tho lloach Paris Green duster, as it is possible that ho may need such a machine on his llriartleld plantation before the senson is over. Tho letter w as read by Mr. Itoach at Paxtou's foundry iu tho hearing of Captain T. p. Bedford and Mr. George II. Tompkins, two ex-Cuufcdf rates, who are still great admirers of Mr. Davis, aud thoy suggested that Mr. lioach present Mr. Davis with one of the machines. He at oneo entered into the spirit of the movement and said ho would do so provided Messrs. Bedford and Tompkins would pull It duwn to tho bout. Xo sooner said thau done, aud taking Mr. Uoacb at his word thoy hooked themselves to tho "duster'' ono on each sido of tho pole, and hauled it through tho streets down to the steamer Sargent, where it was shipped to Briarllcld to Mr. Davis with the trio's compliments. This little incident shows tho strong feel ings of love nud rovcronce wliioh still lingers for their former leader In tho bosoms of old Mississippliuis. Mr. Davis will no doubt apprceiuto more tho feelings which prompted it than be will the intrinsic value of the gift. Commercial Herald. Oh last Saturday night Mr.J.J. Wil liams, Jr., who is agent for the Mem phis Appeal, Avttlancho and Ledger, went to the depot as usual to get his daily papers to sell aud distribute to his customers. After gettiug his papers on tho M. & T, train, Mr. Willinms started up town, and when ho got near tho Express olllce he w as accosted by a man who it seemed w as in waiting for another mnn, and was knocked down without any warning whatever, Mr. Williams, asked tho stranger what he struck him for, when ho replied. 'you arc the man who has been fol lowing mo for the past three uights,' when Mr. Willinms assured him that he did not know him, nor had ho ever seen him at night. Notwithstanding this he again struck Mr. Willnmsater rilile blow in the face, knocking him down and breaking bis nose. When rising from tho second blow, Mr. Wil linms drew his pocket knife and stnlib ed tho stranger four times once In tho chest, stomach aud other places, which were considered at the time very dangerous, if uot fatal. Tho stranger proved to be a bridge man, working on the I. C. ltailroad bridge now being built over the Yalobusha here, nud his name is Edwin Brown. Grenada Sen tinel. . THE 8101X TREATY. Pierre, D. T., July '28. Bitcs-the- Dust, Afraid-of-Xolhiiig, Littlc-no' Heart aud Tuke-it-Sluuding, chiefs of the Two-Kettle band of Sioux Indians, from the Cheyenne river agency, are in town to-day to testify in the Beuwny case. Being inter rte;cd, they expressed themselves in favor of the Sioux treaty and anxious to sign when the eommi siou arrives. 1 hey have great tailli iu the "While Father" at Washington and do not believe that he would advise thctn to do anything against their interests. Takcs-it-Standing Is an intelligent Indian, and he expresses as his opinion that all tho Indians will ratify the treaty. Kepuhllran Lamentation. Representative Stockdale puiigciitly touches up a habit of the Republican party as follows : "I toll you Mr. Chairman, there is more lamentation lit the Republican party over one colored man w ho votes with his friends to escape Xcw Knglaui; taxation than ninety and nine who die, Droughts tuny alllict them, floods may overwhelm them, Xew England will scud them tracts on trausubstnntiation but if one votes out of the church whose God is protection the leo-Mfi- turcofthe United States governmen n.tuMis, and thousands are spent to know why that negro voted that way.1 EENVI WASHINGTON COUNTY. 1 I1STESLI SrEECH. The speech of Senator J. 'L George, iu the Senate of the I uited States, ou the l'.'lh ulL. on the fisheries question, has not attracted the attention aud note from hU State papers to hi. h, its ability eutitled it. This U doubtless from Jhe tact that the subject is not one actively interesting the State. Xor is it strictly speaking, a party question, Ithough the Republican Senators made it such by attacking the treaty a Democratic measure. Senator ieorge tittiogly ard forcibly exposed the attempt of the Republicans to de rive a mean advauiage at the excuse of Senatorial decorum aud National liguity. Violating the unvaried prac tice of 100 years, a practice founded upon a true conception of National policy, the Republican Senatorial call us decreed that this treaty should lie ebated with open door; that it ora tors might be heard by the public de nouncing the Democrats as assuming the "British side'' of the fisheries controversy. W c quote from this por- tiou of the prevh: " I believe, sir, it Is an cih-u secret that this change iu tho attitude of the Senators ou the other side, resulting in ouseiiuent change in the uniform practice of the Seuute, was brought about by the action of a caucus or conference of Republican Senators from which all tho world w as excluded. What arguments were urged, what reasons presented, w hich worked this extraordinary change are unknown to me, unknown to the world, lliellc puhlican Senators became lu some un known way lu secret council from which tho American people were ex cluded, convinced solemnly conviu- ed by arguments and ou reasouiug which they dared not or would not commit to the American people, that secrecy lu atl'airs, secrecy lu making treaties, was nil wrong; that the uni versal practieo of our fathers on this subject w as all w rong. The liicouslst- ncv between the methods used and the end attained, tho repugnance be tween the principles of these methods and the principles involved lu (his end, are so patent that it requires a large share of charity In Judging mankind to believe that both are sincere. It is not to be forgotten, however, that this change lu regard to secret sessions of tho Senate is not by auy means the re sult of a conviction that such secrecy is In general wrong. Tho chango Is limited to this very treaty ; for since tho vote to consider this treaty iu open session wo have been ooiisiilering all other executive business In secret, In cluding not only troaties but matters of nominations to public otltce which are purely of domestic concern. Thus we take into our confidence, admit to our secret counsels, Great Britain when wo consider matters which serious ly allect our relations with that empire, and wo exclude from our conlideucc the American people when considering matters afll'ctlng theiu nlonn. 'Mr. President, this action of the Senate forces mo, In stating the con victions I have for favoring the ratillca tion of the treaty, to argue In tho hcur- ng of tho British people, It they can hear so humblo a man as myself, ad versely to somo of tho alleged rights which have been claimed by American diplomatists. Such arguments have already been stigmatized ou this floor as " the British side." Whether tho denunciation was Intended to deter Senators from expressing views favor able to ratification or destroy their weight when expressed I shall not stop to inquire. It, however, what I or others may say may favor somo of the pretensions ot Great Britain and be adverse to false clonus set up for our own country, and harm comes from tho fact that Great Britain has been notilled thnt such views are entertained aud such arguments made, that harm results from tho action of the majority the Republican sido of this Chamber and not from the action of my party associates. "The truth is, Mr. President, as I believe, thnt this debate is not now and never was intended by tho other side of the Chamber to be, as the Constitu tion intends it should be, a fair rat ill cation or rejection of the treaty. That question lias already been settled in secret caucus of the other side of the Chamber. Tho treaty has beeu prc destined to rejection, aud for reasons unknown to the world ; nud tho open debate we arc now having is not for the purpose of settling what we ought to do, but to Justify what has been de creed to bo done, by arraigning before tho American people the President for negligence or nidillcrciicc to American rights. The body of Senator George's speech was of course an argument, exhaustive and able, of the provisions of the treaty and tho objections to it. The debate involved the application of law principles and the corelativc construe tiouofthc language of prior treaties: a lino of discussion on which ho Is at his best and strongest. Speaking of the predestined tendency of flic sprend of Americanization, and of tho duty of tho American Govern incut to fostct it, Senator (ieorge rises to Die plane of statesmanship; and rebukes the narrow and short-sighted policy of tho Republican Senators which would turn the Canadians from participation iu this destiny of unillca- tioli : "Nothing can prevent It except tho failure of the American people to rise to the height of their great mission. their surrender of tho doctrines an nounced by our fathers, their conces sion of permanent andcudiiring rights to mere temporary expediency. The colonization aud- settlement of the North American continent by Euro peans w as in the first instance a neces sity. It was csscutiol fo redeem these broad and favored lauds from savage worthlcssncss and reduce them to tho service of civilization ami progress. Specially, sir, was this colonization by the British people a benefit fo the human race, for in tho wilderness they planted not only civilization but also the seeds of free institutions, where un affected and unhampered by the kingly and monarchical traditions of til Old World, they n ill rcai h. ihoif juli de velopment. But as in Mr. Monroe's time further Britisluis well s further European colonization was a political LLE MISS.. SATURDAY, AUGUST 4. 188S. anachrouUtu. so lu the not distant future European possessions before at taiut'u will be out of date. This is cer tain. We may hasten or retard it, but it taunot be prevented. We may so act as to him the aggregation of the people of North America under one tlag to be delayed, to be accompauled with friction, even w ar aud bloodshed. We may so act that w hen this aggre gation shall come It a ill be but a mere forcible conjunction of adverse aud hostile people, iustcad of a real union. not ouly iu political but iu commercial ami social relations. That lUe attraction of these peoples to our flag should be by kiuduecs, by friendly acts, the natural result of kindred hopes ami kiudred aspirations aud common interests, is tnauifcstlv wiser and belter; better for them aud bHU.r for U. The Canadians are al ready tutored in Mitrgoviiruiueut, The voluutary transfer of their alleglauee to the Amerlcau tlag would result iu no friction, uo con ll ids. So. sir. It is our clear duty, our manifest interests, that iu our intercourse with them, U hjM maiutaiug fully Americau rights, we should uot Irritate, annoy, or oppress. Such a course w ill but the more strongly attach them to tho irreal pow er beyond the seas to which they will be certain to look for protection aud safety. In pursuing tills course we but do the work of the British Crow a. Mr. President, we mav have, it is uot unlikely we will have our own troubles, w hich may force us to secure au extension pf opr borders, or if not our borders the extension of our Infill once to the south. We have new con ditions iu our political, social, and In dustrial life w hich never before con fronted a free people, conditions which might possibly be met with safety for a long time at least lu an euipire.whereiii all the people are subjects, uot clt metis, ami by the Iron hand uf iiusyuipathU Ing power, exerted through au Imperial ami unrelenting militarism are reduced to a common level, a common equality iu political slavery and social degrada tion, lu such a government the hopes, the aspirations of tho great body of tho peoplo reach not heymul the secur ing of personal safety and comfort aud ease coming from tho abscuco uf hun ger. Whether they can bo met lu safety iu a deniocraticepiiblic, where in tho energies of meu aro so stimu lated by liberty as to cause a ceasclcs, cver-eudiirlng contest and rivalry lor that superiority, that coveted Inequal ity In wealth, social relations, ami In- dividual power and Influence, which aro denied In abstract political rights, and especially when this rivalry is intensified by the commingling of heterogeneous and mutually repellnnt. diverse peoples, timo alono run doter- ttilnn, can not, uo mnn can, forsce the full extent and ell'ect, of the dangers which even uow seem to menace us by the Incorporation Into tho bodv of American citizenship oft race patient. docile, inotrenslvo, peaceful though It be, who yet aro without ancestral apti tudes for free Institutions, without the inherited instincts for sell-government, which existing In the Anglo Saxon race has enabled It to cause progress and advancement lu free Institutions to be a steady, ouward march for more tjinu a millennium. If It shall turn out to be true, as that distinguished and philosophic states man, tho Senator from Vermont Mr, Miniums, asserted In 18X2 w hen ad vocating tho exclusion of the Chinese from this country, that homogeneity iu a people Is a ucii'ssnry condition of success In free institutions, as shown by all flic long reaches of human his tory from Arlstotlo to Webster; If It shall come to pass that Mr. Lincoln shall be proven to be right in declaring thnt the physical illllereliees between tho two races are such as to forever prevent them from living together in ono community on terms of perfect equality, then it will also result that there w ill bo iu tho future, when no man ran tell, that arrangements will be made hv the free consent of both races by which flint close contact which breeds antagonisms aud disorder will lie obviated. Whether that will be by ono means or another, I do uot know. 1 do know, however, that one of the wisest statesmen who ever lived in this country, Robert J. Walker, more than forty years ago, pondering then on the great problem of African slavery in the United States, or, If you please, on thai great crime against human rights, foresaw that it could not lie eternal. And considering what was best forthe white people of the Union, best for the unfortunate people held In bondage, ho looked with hope to the regions south of us as furnishing a solution of the trouble. An to wheter In the providence of God this solution shall ever bo de manded by the best interests of both races I express hero and uow no opin ion. But I 'will sny that In my poor judgment It Is the duty of American statesmen to commit this country to no policy, to no doctrines of public law which will prevent tho American peo plo of both races, oT all races, from seeking such outlets as their necessities and their inlifrests may demand for tho teeming millions of Inhabitants which shall In the great future occupy our land. Before such a danger, before such a necessity, if they shall come, as they may come, ail European jurisdic tions, all supposed Kuropeau rights on tliis cunt iueut must give way. . The safety of the Republic must be the supreme law. Mr. President, 1 am not predicting events; I am not endeavoring with my weak and feeble (towers to penetrate into the domain of tho unknow n and the unknowable. I do not pretend to forecast the future, but iu the face of possible aud natural dangers felt by the wisest, reconized by the great Senator from Vermont, and also by Mr. Lin coin, I wish to invoke the Senate, not for a mere temporary advantage, even if it were not illusory, not for a mere mess of pottage, not for the poor priv ilege of a delusive banquet at the phan tom feast set before us by tho Com mittee on Foreign Relntions, to discard Amerlcau doctrines, reverse American policies which being recognized and maintained by, us would at least fur nish some hope of escape from future troubles aud dangers. If, sir, there be any who seek an es cape from these possible dangers, who would have homogculty by tho amal gamation of races, tho substitution of hybridism for the pure blood of cuiier or both race, they w'H i.m disappoint ed. Jf, sir, there lc any who. believiiur llio ovuMhoM of Uiv houlh iu tin; ( i civil war to lc a compict and mii-t--" gallon of the houtl.crti " ' , le by a pi.'!ii y i t i ; nn IMES. friendly action by the Federal Govern ment, to drive from their homes ami the homes of their fathers the w hite race ot any one of the Southern States, so that it may become homogeneous in being wholly African. I tell them this will never happen. It will never come to pass that the white (eople of the South will ever be driveu from their aucestral homes, or that remain ing there they will be other than they and the race to hii h they belong have ever beeu lu all parts of the w orld aud iu all times, the supreme power in the States they Inhabit, working out ami resimusible for the destinies of these States, The X. Y. Times speaks as follows of this sKsech : The statement of Svuator Georire iu his speech on the lMicrics treaty that the isen debate was not inteuded to be a lair consideration uf the merits of the treaty w ith view to intelligent and lust action, but that its fate had lieen decreed in advance by secret caucus, is ahamcful truth. The Republican Senators have liecu dealing with a solemn compact intended to settle hi. tot'lifctUiual dltlleulty or great moment lu the spirit of reckless demagogues. 1 liey decide In advance agaiust it be cause it was negotiated by authority of a Ik'inocratic President and would confer prestige upou his administration. ( rat)tH and they hupu by iiiUrepre- sttiillug Its provisions and slapdering the motives or tho negotiators to work upon predjmliccs and passions to party advantage, Are the people uf this ikiuutry so shallow aud su unreasoliig as these miserable pollclciaus are con stantly assuming. To Fight the Commission. The following from the Xcw York Times of the 21th Inst, will bo of local interest ; Representatives of Southern roads In this city believe that tho action of the Illinois Central road In finally accept ing the terms of the Mississippi state commission under protest Is prac tically the beginning of a still more desperate battle than formerly against the commission. It is further believed that the Mississippi pool'will bo dis solved at the meeting In this city to morrow. The Illinois Central and Mobile and ( lido roads are paralleled by tho Louisville, New Orleans and Texas road of the Huntington system, which Is not lu tho puol, and only that part of the line In the state of Mississ ippi Is controlled by the commission. The Mississippi river, also, to which these three Hues run parallel, curries enormous quantities of freight which cannot be touched by the railroad lines on account of the rates they are com pelled to adhere to. Tho Kansas City, Fort Scott and Memphis rofid also running in connec tion with tho Kansas City, Memphis and Birmingham, which has recently been completed, connects with the Googia Pacific, Teas Paenie, and other roads, cutting directly across the tor ritory of somo of tho roads and In di rect competition with others, placing these roads at a great disadvantage while controlled by tho Mississippi state commission. At a meeting of l lie (tool tn this city to-morrow an ef fort will be made to devise means of properly combating tho Mississippi commission or to torco it Into conced ing nioro rights to tho railroad lines, as at present tho rates can neither bo raised nor lowered unless by the san tion of the commissioners, who, some of the railroad people say, understand nothing whatever about tho railroad business. Ore at Authorities on free Whiskey, We pointed out not lotiir airo that Alexander Hamilton, tho great Feder alist, advocated taxation of whiskey by the Federal Government upon moral grounds, holding, In his Report on me rublie credit " as Secretary of the treasury, January l, I7!M), Unit "the consumption or ardent spirits, no doubt very much on account of the cheapness, Is carried to an extreme which is truly to be regretted, as Well iu regard to tno ncailli and morals as to tho economy of the community." anil mat If tho proposed tax should deereaso consumption, " tho effect would be In everv rcspoct desirable." Thomas Jefferson, the great llemocrat came to occupy the same position on this Issue. In a letter to au old friend, dated at Montlcello. May S. 18J8. Mr. Jefferson advocated tho levying of an excise tax on whiskey, not so much as a fiscal measure as for Its moral effect, because of "tho prostration of body and mind which the cheapness of this liquor Is spreading through tho mass of our citizens." Mr. Jefferson pointed out that M the drunkard require re strictive measures to save him from the fatal infatuation under which ho is destroying his health, his morals, his family and his usefulness to society,'' and ho delared that "one powerful obstacle to his self-indulgence wotiNl be a price beyond his com petence. Asa sanitary measure, there fore," he added, It becomes one of duty in public guardians." Mr. Blaine, in speaking of the repeal of tho tax ou whiskey, says : "Other considerations than those of linaneinl administration arc to be taken Into account willi re gard to whiskey. There Is a mora side to it." Again Air. limine saysf "lo Hieapen tho price ot whiskey Is lo increase its consumption cuormously." Hullhan's Circus Collapsr. Sew York, .July 2. .lolin L. Sulli vau's circus has come to an end, leav ing, it is said, a large number of un paid employes. A detachment of police guarded what was left of the property to-day, and prevented an an gry crowd of men from wreaking their vengeance upou it. Mr. Holmes, tho owner of the property, is here, lie is quoted as saying that he received a letter from his lawyer a day or two ago. advising him to como hero if he wished to save any ot his goods. When he arrived ho found that the employes, twenty-six lu number, and all of the performers, had received no pay in two weeks, aud that somo of them had waited still longer. They, of course, had no claim against the property, and where Sullivan and Gray were he did not know. They cleared tlOOO last, week, but w here it is now ho don't know. When lie got here lie said tho horses had not led lor (wo day. M.rnincr. he sold the The tent e" 1 i t'-ti erf's on NO. 3 One Protected Industry. Courier Journal.) Mr. Carnegie himself has been placed on the stand. He admitted to Mr. Win. I- Scott, in the room of the Wavs and Means Committee, that be had In one year draw n as his share of the protits from the Edgar Thomson Sled Works 1..M,ihM. Think r that as one man's share of profits iu oue establishment, aud then think of men who are working at t a day. What do you think of a system that makes it possible for one man to receive from a protected industry five thousand dol lars a dav. Mr. Kellcy, of Peuusylvania, realiz ing the tremendous argumeut against the tarilt' embraced in such a statement. simply denied It. That is the wav with the vouerable gentleman from Pennsyl vania: wheu facts do not tit his theory he alters the facts or assumes lodo so. Mr. Scott, lu reply to Mr. Kellev, gave the conversation lictwecn Mr. Car negie and himself. In the course of which Mr. Scott savs ; " I answered that I had stated he had Iraw u out of the Kdgnr Thomson Steel Works as his share of the prollts dur ing one year as high as t,n(H),00O, or an equivalent of .'i,imh) a day for 300 days. I lo promptly replied that It w as correct, aud that he did not deny it. But he said: ' You may not, perhaps, be aware that iu that year I gave to the city of Pittsburgh the turn of MKl.OOO lor a library, and to the city of Allegheny 5oo,immi. These are the llgures as I recall them.'' Mr. Carnegie it seems oue year gave away two-thirds of the profits, but that is the only year with such a record. Generally he uses .',,im a day for his owubcncllt. But why place Ibis vast sum of money at Mr. Carnegie's disposal? He does not know how to use it any bet ter than do the meu from whom It Is taken. Public libraries are very good filings, undoubtedly, but why should tho w hole country he taxed to build libraries lu Pittsburgh and Allegheny, and castles for Carnegie ? The pcopla of the West and the South, the farmere and the workiugnieu certainly need other things more than they need books lu Pittsburgh. I) Mi l,IS II RAILROADS. Lohbjlng In Parliament. England handles her railroads with milch more ease than the t'nited State do (heirs. This Is due to the fact that the railroad corporations are far less gigantic iu the aggregate, ami have no scope In the parliamentary eluctlons, the result being that that excrescence on American legislative bodies known as the lobby Is unknown In Parliament The Railway and Canal Traffic bill, which, next to tho Local Government bill, Is looked upon as the most Ini- Lporfant measure of the present season, Is Interesting, us exhibiting the cool fashion In which the companies are shut out lu the administration of their own affairs. Railway Commissioners aro to bo appointed for all three king doms. They aro to determine all the rates, though they must take the cost of the roads Into consideration In llxlng them. All discrimination or undue preference, as It Is called hero, is to bo abolished. Complaints against the companies aro to be adjusted by the Commissioners at a minimum cost to the complainant. Furthermore the bill revives all the canals and makes them by law active competitors with the railways. The efforts hitherto made by the railways at great expense tn control the canals arc thus niillillcd, Tho Cniiiuiirsioiicrs are to adjust canal tolls and make them reasonable All the erfhnl and railway companies must forthwith publish schedules of rates and accounts of the operating ex penses and earnings. So canal can be abandoned without the Commissioners' sanction. Tho ell'ect of the law will be in fact to throw all (lie heavy traffic Into the canals and put au cud to tho present combination. The bill, lu short, notifies the companies that it is not their business to control trade, nurse industries or develop certain localities, but simply to carry what they are asked to, and it Is a wonderfully gooi law In every respect. It shows a close study of American legislation, but nearly everything that Parliament tries to do nowadays shows the same thing, The Kdaard J. Gay. Times-Democrat. At 1 '.';.') II o'clock this morning that lino Hide-wheel passenger steamboat, the Edward J. Gay, while moored at the head of First street, caught lire in some unaccountable manner and was totally destroyed. The engines, with abuudance of wafer, concentrated their streams on the burning boat and the firemen did good work, but the tiny was doomed to destruction, and in less than thirty minutes the magnificent steamer was a mass of burning ruins. , Tho flames from tho Gay commuul cated to the derrick barge owned by Uucolu k Co., and moored at the Gay' stern, and totally destroyed it Tho Gay was a first-class steamer, built in Cincinnati for tho coast trade, and has been In commission eight years. She has been running between Sew Orleans and Bayou Sara for some time and was laid up a week ago for repairs. The Gay was valued at 10.000, ao- ffinlmiT ll'rt sn,t,f rtf ihn pre! dent nf lic pmnpimy, Mr. .fesae K. Ilell, I r .. , in local and foreign irciitu companion he COURT TERMS. C1KCT1T torsT. Ol T Dl-TBICT. Ilys 1 Tun 4 Mon.lr Jtny a1 Jatjr, li i li.l.tchl. 2 UirrhtKicsct. I'mltta, HU. i&owrr, itQCilS, April nst Vor. .X Finland Sot. May BA'l le. Ma; ami Dm. iriey. Wtohiagtua, CIUMEKT CUI RT. ronmi birmct. Days H-'liiar, ynitman, CtalmBia, Tunica, SHnS.iWvr, Unavaa, Sharkey, I Mon.laj Frb aid Srpt , .. r. , Marrk, OrtolHfr, Marrn, October, Mans, A'TUandOrl., Mar, November, Mar. Member, May. Irabr, June, iNN-ember, June, January, June, January. W ashlnictoa, awn, llaJbornt, JrnVmoa, A'lsraa, Franklin, IS Wtlalnaoa, PROFESSIONAL. w. it llama. Laaof r. rancv YERGER & PERCY, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Greenville. Miss. ATTORNEY AT LAW. PR EES VI LLE, MISS. Olllce over First National Bank. r. 8. I'R Kl.fS JOsllfASKISNEB PHELPS & SKINNER. ATTORNEYS AT-IAW, Preenvlllle, - - Miw Office over First National Bank. ISAAC SCHLESINGER, Attorney and Counsellor at Law. Will I'MpIIm- la all the Cnarti ef thin Stat nit Ihf 'l,ral (hurt si Jsrkxia. Mlu. liu atO'iinoa itlvra rlli-tlii, ""-l i slam In Uu buUUOi. Mala at. I. TlKinw. Wm, OriBn. THOMAS & GRIFFIN, . ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Over The (starling 4 Smith Co. Stora. We own the onlv Abstract nf Title, tn the lands of Washington county and th ( Hi of Greenville. octl r'rank K. I .ark In, , J no. L. Hebron. X LARKIN & HEBRON, ATTORNETI.AT-X.AW. GKKKN VII.LK. MISS. Front ofllee In New Klnlay Building, F. A. MONTGOMERY ATTORNEY AT LAW, Uo.hkdai.k, Bolivar Co, Sliss. iTwTTIIFOIlD, rayor and ei-Olcio Justice of Peace. CmuiT Days Hecoud and Fourth .Mondays, each month. OmcK iwia Bulhllnjr, Boom No. 2 Omrn Horns S a. lii. to 4 p. in. TKI.KPIIONK COMMUMLATtOW. AUlKUT IIKICIIKMIKIM, Proft'NMor of Piano, Violin and Vocal. Kor forms, apply at. tuay'Jfi Auciikh'h Book Stork. It. II. McNaIII, K. F. Hllt'LKR. ' Drs. McNAIR & SHULER, HeMirieiit Dentlata. orrii K ovkr Tim riRMT MATIOJAI, RASH. Will visit (professionally) all parts of this and ailjolninir counties when our services are needed, Calls to the country promptly attend . ed to ncv 2N 'Dr. J. Ij. Younsr DENTIST, (10 Tears Eesidonce in Greenville.) All kinds of Dental w ork dole, and upon . the most approved plan. Mr-Oillce over Finlay's Drug Storc.-Wl Greenville, Miss. D.J.DAVIS, DENTIST, GREENVILLE, - - MISS. Will visit professionally Bolivar, Butt flower and Sharkey counties. Oftlce tii-italra la Lewis Building, Tinas ofll ire. aext to Jan 11 HARRY K.JOHNSON. Ol TY HIRVCTOR, CIVIL ENGINEER. Ileal Estate Agent, OKKKNVII.I.K . . - HISS. Henry T. Ireysj COTTON FACTOR. Office on Haia at., four iloon east of PostoSie. GREENVILLE, MISS. ' COTTON FACTORS Commission Merchants. GREENVILLE Liberal advadces made nients. MISS on consign sept It) C. 8 PAnnan. A. D. "LOCOM. in conmemlnni C. S. FAERAE, COTTON FACTOR, No. SO Union Street, New Orleans. La. CAllTEU fc CO., Cotton Buyers, GREENVILLE, MISS Highest Cash Trices p'1 fnt Cotton at nil f .