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trirt. IVM. : FAllT.ll -. 1 Kon. Oct. 6 1 IS i 1 -.4 " Nor. 18 . 1 S Dee 18 : i 3 v t 1 ' is J nil Kl.14 k u 12 ' F.b li . -Mi OCKT. So. Davs- in-h and Oct. 'ii ril Nov. 6 6 ay and Dee. in'y aud June HAL. usoy r. nut'i PERCY, AT LAW, Mis. OSHCASKI.NNER XINNER. AT-LAW, Miss I Building. o. v.'m. Gnats. I & GRIFFIN, AT LAW, Smith Co. Store tract of Title t n county and the octl II. C Watsom 7atson AT LAW, . - MISS, atlonal Bank. I. BCIILE8INGKH, .LESINGER, it-Law, MISS. I of NV';ihlnKl'in .ml .b Suprent ttnu Feu eziuskl Building, Avenue. OMAS, vr LAW. he courta of thli Fhelps Building. RGER. it-Law, D, MISS. tonrU of MUlllpil, its-of-tltle to Keal md Sunllower es. I to fnrnuh btrncti M. Will buy ami atll D SURliBON, rs hl professional a of Ureenvllle and hbortiood. niff Store of A. B iseascs oi lty. , Women feb!5-y Younq tit nsT, ;e In Greenville al work done, and approved plan, y's Drug Store."tft le. Miss. A.VTS, nsT, ; Miss, onolly Bolivar, Sun. f counties. tPhelui Building. lewsvt. II. T. Stewart art & Sons risTs, Mississippi. ndlng country vlsl when requested, 0B1NS0N, TIST. I OVKft jt'b Drug Store, IAK, MISS. Hampton 111 SURVEYOR sell Real Estato au t of taxes. Building. dcc28 ly M RVKYOltm, NGINEERS -AND lale Agents, MISS Money. re ttivitca rrom own )ti8 in Una aud any ics for first more NCi TIM 13 AND ? OF INTEREST. ELPS & SK.IHHKB. The VOI-. 22. THE EIsatJXTEE bfTRlT. DU&strous ks they may be, the re etnt break have at lcat couviuced ihe people tif iho DUta that their ouly aft iy from overflow in the future lies i i..: .1.. . l. in tlio iiicren-cu origin oi i" cino. We will soon have sometliiug more ... . . ...... j .l;..,,... piOUtttOlC lO alieuu lo miu mu uim.u3- iou of Mile issues. JNomiug coma moro effectually kill the Cauierou bi!L Ihev are worth a cart load or those verbose aud effeminate cffuiioua with hlch some of our exchanges have been tilled receutly. The colton tax as eiven us the ouly protection we have bad against the river, and the un precedented rises inn year uas ueiu- oustrated beyond cavil tuat h we ex pect immunity from thii danger in the future we must raise our leveea at least fiye feet and widen pro portionately all along the water front his will coat a ereat outlay oi mouey, aud we are not apt to wraugle much bout whether it cornea from realty aud personalty, or from each balo of cotton. We have always tuougm tue old method the most practical, aud while according to the more advanced Ideaa of certain would-be philautro- pisls, it may possibly iu point of equity be open to criticism, It has the redeem ing feature of being the most available and less burdensome system of taxa tion yet iutroduced. Benolt Hustler. We publish in this issuo of the Dem ocrat a strong levee letter from Captain E. F. Miller, one of Bolivar county's fficieut commissioners. It will com mend itself tt every thinking man in the District, and breathes that spirit or true pluck aud intelligent enterprise hich has gone far to advance ttie in terests of Ihe Delta since the disas trous flood of 1882. l'rrsident Chas. Scott of the Levee Board has already prouounced himself iu favor of vig orous line of action in the same direc tion, and informs tho Democrat that he nods great unauitnity of sentiment on this subject among all classes of our citizens so far as he has been able to consult them. Mr. Scott favors the issue of the :00,000 of six per cent. bonds that can be issued by the Board under existent laws, aud he says that the proceeds of these bonds and the probable net income from this years' taxation will enable the Board to let aud pay for $ 100,000 worth of enlarge nieut work during the present seasou. The Legislature iu all probability will couvcue January next ; at that time legislative sauction should be obtained for the issuance, say ot $800,000 more of tho six per cent thirty year bonds, to bo negotiated, and the proceeds expended forthwith Iu giving us higher aud stronger levees. This would make Ihe entire bonded debt of the District (after the coutouiplatcd payment of $36,000 or ton per cent, bonds yet out standing) aggregate the sum of $1,250, 000. The aunual interest on this debt at 6 per ceut. would be $76,000 a sum which, without tho slightest increase Id our rate of taxation could be paid, together with all current expenses, leaving us over ouo hundred thousand dollars per annum for emergencies, aud for such other enlargement work as the needs of the District might re- mire, llio Democrat believes this be the true and only policy. By this mciins we will have levees that will protect , levees that can be relied on all emergencies ta withstand the Hood. Upon this problem depeuds tho present welfare, the development of the Valley. The sooner we realize tills fact the better. Non-action meaiis retrogression ; delay means disaster. It is now demonstrated that a proper line of dykes will give absolute imniu ulty from the water. It is equally demonstrated that we do not posset such a Hue. Straightway then let us got It. That attained all else will fol low i Immigration, capital, prosperity, success. Bolivar Demecrat. Chleora l'lantation, March 23i Editor Bolivar County Democrat) lou should advocate, through tl columns of your valuable paper (and solicit the aid of every paper in Boli var, Washington, Issaquena and Shar key comities) an cany meeting of the ixtveo Board aud urgo the people in tna.- to attend the meeting, and back the Board In taking immediate steps toward building our levees of such dl mcuions that will defy ovor five feet more water than this mighty flood now staring us iu the face. This should be done while the collar is warm and the iron hot, and tho eyes of every man, woman and child cuu readily see (with out haviug to have any sclcntillc knowledge) that our levees aro iu every particular loo weak. If we hold them without a further crevasse, it will bo, you may say, by the skin of the teeth aud should there, bo general giving way (which is not at all improbable) there will not bo ft dry spot of laud save a fow mouuds, built by wise men hundreds of years ago. All those whs aro at all lukewarm and think their lands are above overflow (matters not wnen tno levee givo way) should he particularly urged to Visit the front aud behold this vast ocean, and I dare say they will at onco advise tho Issu ing, if necessary, of two millions of bonds, tlont them nnd have every yard of earth In tho embankment by the lutn ot Dccemuor, 1SU0. Levee build ing cannot a fiord to be done by pioce meals as we have very unwisely been uoing; i no wnoio lino should be up and settled before flood time, and the moment this is ordered done our lands will enhance double and solidity be guaranteed. Capitalists will bo only too glad to take the bonds, knowing well the richness of the soil, aud tho article produced therefrom will give ampio biiu sausiactory security. This ocesu of water clearly donion. strates tho fact that levees can be built to staud. The high water expeuses this year would have paid the interest upon the money necessary to have made tho levees cutirely safe aud be yond anv doubt. Tho Levee Board should have two corps of engineers (the ouo to test the work of t's other), tho present levees showing f real irregularities and de fecU. SL"t them the moment the wa ter recede4 and make thorn report as soon ns possible, then advertise the work to be done throughout the world, let out the contracts and begin the work. We will never have a belter ihaucc to get labor and mules; our unumuliate planters will bo ouly too giuu to do the work. Yours very truly, E. V. Mim.hk. KMi.a, mim , M,if,.u svh, Lditok itol.IVAR KKVIKW! Now while tho river is up and break are occurriug, and tho public mind is centered ou the levees, Is the time for Gre GREENVILLE. dis.:iis.ung the all-Importaut questions of larger aud better levees, aud how to get .Ui.ni. Af'er the iver subsides wU'.iin its banks and a sense of security prevails, public iuterest in levees will suUide also, aud auy article on levees will b. read with a yawn, if read at all If auy good ideas can be advanced worihy of acceptance by the people, they will iu times like these take root, and sooner or later be tested by prac tical application. The break at OtTutts' argues nothing against the levee system, bnt it is attributable to some defect in the levee at that particular spot. The fact that only one break has occurred in all of the three hundred miles of levee, though the water has beeu up for nearly two months, refutes any argu ment or theory agalust the efficacy of levees. The reason breaks like the "Offutts Bresk" occurs, as every eugineer nd experienced levee man knows, is be cause of formation of "cisterns" iu the levee. These so-called 'cisterns" are cavities which are usually caused by tumps and logs covered Dp in the levee. When these levees were first built levee building was a new art. Contractors were allowed to cover up immense stumps and logs, which ought to have been blasted and cleared out of the levee bed. In the course of time these logs aud stumps decay, leaving a bole in the iutcrior of the levee. Crayfish congregate in this hole in the winter, and when the water rises in the spring they drill boles from the cavity to the barrow pits in the river side and the sipe ditches ou the land side. These holes sometimes run under the ublio road from six to tweuty-seveu inches beneath the surface. As the water rises and tills the cavity iu the levee the earth becomes saturated aud sloughs or caves in and it carried off through the holes mado by the crayfish into the sine ditch, aud thiscoutinniuir for number or year make the cistern" in the leveo, which eoojer or later, will collapse and a break occur. During the second rise iu '83 one of these cisterns developed on the Glen wooa irout on luke Doulah, ana cuk with the greatest difficulty was prevented. A stream of water two feet wide and ft loot deep poured through the leveo, caving occurred ou both tides, two parallel cracks about twenty feet ftpart ran cross the levee, aud the water run Into tho cavity with mo souuu oi water nowing into cistern. Aftor the water went down, ana nvnen the levee was being cut away with scrapers, soraper tem broke through and fell in the cistern and had to be dug out. In the spring of '83, a similar placo developed within hum I red yards of this place, ou the same levoe. The cave occurring lust as the water rose iu the barrow pits, was easily cut out aud tilled in and ha given no trouble siuee. In '84 wlille I was inspector ou the Clark front," a cave Iu the levee be. twi en the Clark front and the Vermil lion Lake levee was reported. Mr. West, the eugmeor In churgo, aud my self happonod to be within a short dis- tntiee of the place w lib largo foroe of bauds and plenty of sacks. Tho water was within twelve inches of the top of tne levee, aim wunu we got on the ground a sunken place tho size of a nail keg had developed near the water's edge, which cnlarved so ranld- ly that it cut clear across tho crowu of the leveo and the water from tho river ran dowu the land side of the levoe botore we could stop it. It took sev. oral hundred sacks of dirt to fill and secure tho place. I saw DeOans stop a break on tho Bell front in 1878. Tho water burst through tho sipe of tho leveo about half way up, and it took rapid work wnn good lorce of men right on the ground, at that time, to prevent bruak. In evory Instance that I have mentioned, to casual observer the levees were perfectly sound, but people living along tue tront knew that lor yoars water had been runuluir from sipe boles trom the levee into the ditches. On cutting out these place after the water went dowu, in every instance decayed loirs aud stumD wore found to be tho origin of the trouble. It ho been the thoorv of levee men that enlargement of the river side of the loveo would cut off these cavities, and no dobut has done so iu many instances, but this Offutt break convinces one that we will never have absolute safoly until all of these logs, stumps and cavities aro cut out. Now the question Is, how can this be aonef 'this Is ft question, of course, for the Levee Board to deal with, aud mey win iioiiDticss devise some efficient method by which tho work cau be done. 1 think the best plan would bo to sink a ditch extending from the base six or eight foot up the lovee In width, and along the entire lengiu ot tuc laud side of the levee, Ibis ditch would develop all the logs stumps aud holes, and they could be cut out, and the ditch and cut filled in aud tamped, aud the loveo would be safe and sound fer many years. J he present stage of the water aud tho Offutt break demonstrates the fact that our levees are neither sound nor above the flood line, and we have got to dig them out aud build them higher, This will cost money probably two minion ot dollars. Two niilliou dol lars worth of 6 per cent bouds will cost Jji20,000 per annum in iuterest, Jur present revenue is more than $200,000 per annum. We can tav this interest and have au excess of more than $100,000 for repair work and to pay offprei-cut indebtedness, and this revouuo will Increase as tho county aevciops. aivteb Sillkks. It was in the day wheu, seekinir popularity, Otto von Bismarck was eager to exhibit himself on all great occasions. There was a eraud ball at the City Hall, where were gathered many society people. There Bismarck mot his tailor, who was swollen with prido by hts position of tailor to the Chancellor. "It I a flue fete," said iMHiiiHrcK to mm. " t he society is nuie mixed, my Prince." "Really, my ucai incuu, out you certainly coul not expect that there would bo only uiuuio uere.--r-v.il ica go JNoWS. Dvspopsia and Hrer Complain t It is not worth tho small price of 75 cents to free yourselfof every symptom oi tueso uisiressing complaints, ir you think so call at our store aud gel a bot- tlo of aliiloh t aUli.r. Lvcry bot tle has s prluted guarantee on it, use accordingly, and if it does you no good it Will cost you nothing. Sold by A. a. Flnlay & Co. nU ENVILLE "WASHINGTON COUNTY. MISS.. SATURDAY, APRIL 5. 1S90. IHI SKIFWIIfl CREVASSE. Mayersville Spectator. Hid the rrevae its origin on the nver front instead or beinsf in the itburbsn parts, few if any of the resi- euts would have escaped with their lives. The only hope for safety was to mount the leyee and many ladles aud gentlemen struggled to reach them with the swelling torrent, on arriving, up to their shoulders. The warehouse of W. S. Lacha & Co, was destroyed by nre and several residences swept away. At an astonishing speed, the muddy wter it spreading over the vast improved and cultivated lands and forests of our planters, many of wnom woum uaye been at the expira tion of another week through with their plautiug. It is no longer a ques tion of suspense as to whether we will escape the ravages of an overflow ; the handwriting la ou the wall, and for tune at least nine-tenths of the county will be covered with water. All are now able to see in their mind's eye the bad results to follow as sure at the night the day. Stock and worldly c ftcmulations that can be transported are now beiug Lurried to the front by those who had net taken precautiona ry stept j this town has anything but a pleasant appearance and before many hour the merciless waters which re now upon us, will be everywhere ; it is reckoned that the greatest depth tho waters will attain in the town, will be one foot and not more than two at best, aud the dwellings, many of them being neal with broad verandas, em bowered iu foliage, viues and flowers. ud surrounded with sweetest fra- grance, will be damaged very little. Between this place aud the crevasse the levee preseuts to person with kindly fooling and sober thought terriblo sight which must grow greftt er in the future if substantial aid and pecdy relief does not come. At everv stop tho colored laborer, his family ud his all are found, almost destitute arrayed in faded garuieut that have seen their best days, and affords them but Httlo comfort and no protection from the howliug March winds: for shelter they have netblng but the can opy of hcavon aud the night dow in pity must weep as they fall. Wo are torry for this, and they are descrviug of help and encourage ment: during the period whon our town was thought doomed to destruc tion they readily respo idod to our ap peal for assistauce from far and wide, no matter how dark the night or blinding tho raiu, at the -lsk of their lives, and for us to fold our arms and do nothing to assist them to koep the woir iroin tbolr fold, would show that wo are ungrateful aud do not deserve the name of men. Let not this be said of ut by those who have alwayt used strong Influences to keep eolorod peo ple away from this county, and if pos sible make rurinlnir here ft failure The cry of distress will soon be hoard if we re dilatory aud we should not delay. Tents are nocdod and if they re uot forthcoming many will dio trom exposure ; food will soon be needed and if not provided suffering untold will bo the consenueuce. Wo doubt not that rcliof will como, aud that all that cau be douo will be doue to stop tho break which Is increasing In width aud depth hourly and Is now 6UU teet. The Louisville fitorm. Louisville, Murch 29. Although ft pall ot mourning hangs over tho tuy deeper than Loulsvlllo over felt before, still the Drat excitement of grief has passed away and cool view of tho situation reliove it of much of its horror. Nlucty-flve bodies Lave beeu recovered up to tbi writing, and It is not believed that moro than thirty more people have been lost, Tho ruin of Falls City Hall, whoro most of the deaths occurred, have now nearly beeu cleared away, aud the opinion is very strong that but few moro bodies will bo found there. Most of tho little girls who wero at the danclug school, ana wnose remains wero supposed to be under tho wrecked walls, are now belioved to have left before the crash or crawled out with but slight In, Junes. A story confirmative of this opiulon is found iu tho fact that there are so few inquiries now at these ruin for lost ones. The damage to property is not I fourth of the estimates made immodl fttcly succeeding the tempest. But the loss of life and property was not cou tiucd to the city of Louisville. At Salem, Ky., 22 persons were killed, at luidyville several and many wounded At Shelbyyille and mauy othor points neatn and destruction marked its path Tho same track was left after crossing tne unio Hirer. Louisville, Ky., Marc" r29. The Ma sonic Committee has wiled the follow. ing to Leander Burdick, 'irand Mas ter, at Toledo, O. : " r rom what we con gather, there are about 400 houses destroyed, Three hundred persous are injured, but still auvs, or whom 20 per cent will proba bly die from their inluries. One hun dred and tweuty-fiye are now dead, The citizens seem desirous of caring lor incir own ocau and in tired. Oulv one lodgeroom was destroyed, but no lives were lost. As far as known ouly one Mason was injured, and ho not dangerously. Lm C. Goodai.e, Deputy Master, UACOII II. HBOMWEU, O. It. Skay, Chari.es II. Fisk. reus cnocuw. McNril Statiox, March 27, Editor Times: '90 Dr. Humphreys attempts to prove by Claiborne's history that lam wrong as 10 mo worn ma Hena. Urennwood IiCflorc's Indian naino was "Itte-oke. Chunk," in English hard hickory wood. Claiborne spells the word wrong by tho Indians, as Itto is the word for wood. It is possible that the uovernor, like myself, being an ardent supporter of William Henry Harrison for the Presidency, and as it was about the year 1848 that he named his plan tation ou Lako Roe Buck, Intended to give the name Los Cabiu or Itt Beiia, for it means this and nothing else, to his place ; mis-spelling by one loiter, ror tbe Doctor's benefit, I will say that I was a great deal with the Judians in ray young days aud while not claiming to understand the tnvtiflffo perfectly, I m ver heard au Indian use ho word Ilia in any sense whatever; and their reply to the query as to its meaiiiug was, that there is no such word in their language. Jas, Y. 'MoNwu FIBLIC LiVS. An Act to amend section 1610 Re vised Code of 1S80. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Mississippi, That Section 1610 of the Revised Code of l,s0, be amended by adding in the 5th line after the words of a board of supervisors" the words, Nr ny notary public duly qualified aud commission ed." Sec. 2. This act shall take effect and be in force from aud after its passage. Approved February 21, 1890. An Act to punkh persons who shall entice servants and employees away from their employers. Section 1. Be it enacted bv the Leg islature of the State of Mississippi If any oue shall willfully interfere with, entice ftway, knowingly employ, or Induce a laborer or renter who has contracted with another for specified time, to leave his employer or the leased premises, before the expiration of hit or her contract, without the conseut of employer, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, aud upon conviction shall be fined in any sum not less than $23.00 nor mere than one buudred dollars ; In addition to such fine he shall be liable to the employer or land lord in double tbe amount of damaget WDicn he or the may tustaln by reason of such contract Sea 2. This act shall take effect from nd after its passage. Approved February 21, 1890. An Act to require the Board of Missis sippi Levee Commissioners and the Board of Leyee Commissioners oi the Yftzoo-Mississlppi Delta to re fund to the parties property entitled thereto, certain Levee funds improp erly paid Into the treasuries of said Boards, and for other purposes. Whereas, By law. all taxes collected trom lands subioct to what was known fts the Liquidating Levee tax, after the payment of the debts to liquidate, which said tax was lovled, have been paid In equal parts into tbe treasuries of said Boards of Commissioners afore said; and, W hcrcas, Mauy purchasers of lands from said Liquidating Leveo Board. and from the State, being charged with tho said Liquidating Levee taxes, hare paid the said taxes in accordance with law iu tbe purchase of much ot said lands; and. Whereas, Mauy of the sales made as aforesaid, have bocn found to have beon mado erroneously and illegally, wnorcoy tne purchaser of said lauds have derived no benefits from their several purchoses, aud thcro is now no law authorizing and requiring tbe re payment to such purchasers of tbe sums so paid out in the purchase by thorn of auy of said lands erroneously sold In the manner aforesaid. Now, therefore, for (he rcliof of all such purchasers : Be it enacted by the Legislature of tue btato oi .Mississippi, as follows: Kcction. 1. Ihe Board of Misslssin. pi Levee Commissioners, aud tho Board of Lovee Commissioners for tho Yazoo- Mississippi Dolto Levee District, shall be authorized and they are horebv re. quired, in equal parts each one-half to allow aud repay to purchasers of lands from the said Liquidating Leveo Board or from the Stato all sums and amounts that they havo paid through the Audi tor of Public Accounts as liquidating levee taxes, on all lands purchased by them where the titles which they se cured by such purchases havo failed by reason of tho payment of taxes bo foro the day of sale, or where the lands old for taxes wore at the tlmo of sale Chickasaw School lands or otherwise not subject by law to sale at tbe time of tale for taxes, Stato, county or leveo; provided, however, that ny such purchaser applying to said boards for refunding of any sums so paid out by him as liquidating leveo taxes as aforesaid shall make satisfactory proof of the liability of said boards to refund said taxes under the terms of this act. And said purchasers, ou the failure of eithor of said boards, to make allowance lor the sums due them under the facts stated above, shall have the right to proceed by suit or other legal process against either or one of said boards as the case may be to enforce the collection aud payment of the samo. Sec. 2. This act shall take effect from its passage. Approved February 22, 1890. An Act to amend an Act cntitlod au Act to lncorpoiato the Board of Ixivoe Commissioners for the Yazoo Mississippi Delia, and for other pur poses, approved February 28, 1884, approved March, 16, 1886. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Legislature of the Stote of Mississippi, That section twenty-three of the above entitled act be and the same is hereby amended by striking out the words "first Monday in September" in 83rd aud 84th lines aud inserting in lieu theroof, the words "the first Tuesday after the second Monday in Septem ber." Sec, 2-. That auy clerk of the board of supervisors ot any county in said Levee District, who shall fail or refuse to furuish the president of the board of supervisors the data which section 23 of said act requires them to furnish, shall be deemed guilty of a misde meanor, and upon conviction, shall be tlued not less than ten dollars nor more than fifty dollars for each ofl'eusc. Sec. S. That If upon the day fixed by law for the meeting of the Equal izers a quorum shall uot be present, those present may adjourn from day to day, or to day certain. Approved February 24, 1890. 6!U.U JIKX FOR Mil TERM. DISTRICT NO. 1. Geo. G. Johnson, G. McD. Hampton, Sam'l McDowell, C. T. Worthiugton, DISTRICT NO. 2. T. C. Wright, Merritt Williams, Cornelius Howe, C. A. AVintcr. DISTRICT NO, 8. II. T. Ireys, Jacob Alexander, W. J. Guice, D. A. Love. DISTRICT NO. 4. J. S. Johnson, Sr., J. 11. Hebron, E. Rose, 8. W. Perrin. DISTRICT NO. 6. E. W. Scott, Chos. T. Casey, Jessie Drew, Jno. II. Crouch. We havo speedy and positive Cure for Catarrh, I'iptheria, Caukcr Mouth, sua iieaa-Aetic, in Nillolis Catarrh Remedy. A Nasal Injector free with each bottle. Lse it if you desire health and swoot breath. Price 60 cts. Sold by A. B .Elulay & Co. nl6 Times. in Act to lmena the School Law. Section 1. Be it enacted by the leg islature of the State of Mississippi, That Section 67 of chapter 24 or the laws of 1886, in relation to free public schools, be amended to read as follows : There shall be ft winter term &nd ft summer term during either of which ft school may be taught at tbe option of its trustees, majerity of the pa trons consenting therein. The county school board shall fix the day for the opeuing of the schools of the winter term between the first Mouday of November and the second Mondav of January, and for the opening of the summer terra on the first Monday of May or as soon thereafter as they deem suitable. Sec 2. That section 68 bo amended by striking out tbe section to the second proviso and inserting: the schools shall be kept iu continuous session four months and as much longer as school fuud of the scholastic year will maintain tbera. Trustees may, with the consent of majority of the patrons divide the session and have such portion of It as they deem proper taught in either term; pro vided, they notify tho superintendent of such division and tbe scholastic month at the beginning ot which they wish to open. Amend section 12 by adding after tho word "term" in tbe (15) fifteenth line: Soc 3. Provided, that where the trustees have heretofore refused or shall hereafter refuse to tign the monthly report of a teacher without showing good reason therefor, the re port shall be presented to the Board of Supervisors, who may by order re quire the superintendent to issue thereon pay certificate, if upon in vestigation they find tho report to be correct. Amend section 36 by adding If trustee shall refuse to discharge the duties of the office, or shall refuse to patronize tbe school, aud the super intendent shall appoint another person to be trustoes as hereiu provided. Amend section 65 by adding (of said acts.) ' Scc.5. Licenses of the second and third grade shall be valid for oue year. Licenses of the first grado with genoral average of (85) eighty-fire por cent shall be valid for two years. Licenses of the firwt grade with general average of (90) ninety por cent shall be valid lor three years and the second three years license shall bo re. newablo in the county whore issued ai long as the holder continues to teach. Ameud section seventy-two by striking out tbe word "soveuth" aud adding: Soc. 6. To make on or before tho fifteenth of October, aa annual report to the Stato Board of Education, duplicate of which shall be furnished the co i' ity supr rlnteudeut showing the amount received for public schools from each so aree, during the preceding scholastic year, the disbursements for the several pirposcs and tho amount of school warrants unpaid ; tho treas urcr shall cciparo this report with the account kept by the county auditor who sb.U cerfy wnother tho roport agrees w;th tho account kopt by him, if fouud to be correct, tho treas. urer shall at the same tlmo mako i special report o' tho receipts and dis. bursomcnts of township funds. Soc. 7. Amond section (14 fifteen by adding after the word books, the words fuel, olllco-desk and printing notices. Amend section fifty-four by striking the first sentence out aud In Sec. 8. Two first grade teachers or graduates of a college or university, ono to be appointed by tue county school board and tho bthor by tho supervisors, shall with the county superintendent constitute an cxamin ing board. A majority of said board shall be present and conduct all exam. luatlons ot teachers as herein provided, aud they shall, as board aud uot in dividually, review aud grade the ex. animation papers submitted by appli cants for license to teach. The teachers or graduates composing this board shall receive fifteen cents each for examing, reviewing and grading the papers of each appllcaut for license to be paid out of the school fund in the same manner teachers' salaries are paid. On Thursday aud Friday of the first four weeks of October and April, the examiug board shall hold ft writ. ten examination of applicants for licenso to teach. These examinations shall bo hold at the county site, undor regulations proscribed by the State Hoard ot i.ducation. Iu counties hav ing two circuit court districts the meetings shall be held alternately at tho places of holding courts. Sec 9. All school funds received and collected within the scholastic year shall constitute the school fuud. But if their shall remain a balance In tho treasury to credit of such fund the board of supervisors shall apply such balance to the funds of tho next scholastic year. Sec. 10. That hereafter it shall bo uulawful for tho superintendent to Is sue pay certificates to tho teachers in excess of the amount of tho money collected or received on account of the public schools for the current year. And any certificates so issued shall be Illegal and yold, but the superinten dent shall be responsible on his bond for the faco valuo of such certificates. Sec, 11. In counties where tbero is at present a deficit oih.iccount of the issiiauoj of the school warrants in ex cess of tho school fund, tho board of supervisors are hereby empowered to make a special levy or lcyics, to pay off tho indebtedness heretofore in curred ou account of public schools, provided, that any surplus school fund remaining ai tho end of the present scolostic year may be appropriated to that purpose. Sec 12. That educablo children may attend ny chartered high school iu their county, and shall be enrolled, reported and paid for as other pupils iu said school, provided said chartered school shall have been established aud located as a frco school. Sec. 1 3. That at the August meet ing or somo called meeting prior to November 1st, the county school board after ascertaining as near as may be. the amount of school revenues for tho next scholastic year, shall determine tho number of months schools to be taught and the superintendent shall fix the salaries of teachers so that the amouut to be paid in salaries for main taining the schools one month shall not exceed that iraetiouai part of (ho whole school fuud, which oue month is of the whole number of mouths tho schools are to be taught. Sec, 14. That this act take effect from aftor its passage. Approved February 22, 1890. NO. 38 OVER TBE ST1TE. At time when our Congressman, Gen. Catchings, is exerting himself to the utmost in our behalf, urging the War Department to make grams for the protection of our levees, and guard ing our interests geuerally with unsur passed fidelity, it is disgusting to think that within few hours ha may be unseated by an unscrupulous majority of the House, and au iguorant negro installed in bis place. Yet such U the ease. Bolivar Democrat We advise those papers who are firing into Senator Diilard, not to be too severe. The Senator acknowl edges, frankly, that the small pay for advertising deuuqueut Stato lauds for sale was an unintentional error, and we have no doubt that he will be the first to rectify it when the opportunity is presented. We feel cure Senator Diilard is a man of rugged honesty, and he de serves credit for exposing the Treasury shortage. Commercial Herald. We regret to learn of very painful accident which befell Gov. Alcorn one day last week whllo out driving in company with several gentlemen. Iu crossiug t forge the buggy seat became unloosened and tbe Governor fell backwards, the seat and ft gentleman railing on top or him. We trust Ti is recovery will be speedy. Although long siuce retired from tho fields where bis labors brought forth such abundaut fruit, the public generally entertain for ihe Uoyeruor a warm aud solicitoui interest in bis welfare. New Coa. horolan. In another page we give place t a communication from Mr. J. F. Ses sions, member of tho Board of Con trnl, charged with the duty of looking aftor and caring for tho convicts of Mississippi leased to certain plautcrs in tho lazoo bottom under the law which tbe opponents of ccnvlct-loascd lanor vainly attempted to have re pealed by the legislature at its recent session. Mr. Sessions iu this preseuts another sldo to tho picture made for tho readers or the Commercial of Sat. unlay lost by a correspondent in I special from Jackson, ami produces a very strong array or convincing testi mony which, added to what be asserts, tnd we otherwise have the best reason for believing, is his attitude of hostility to the lease system, makes for him a very strong case and oue that we can not controvert and must accept. Re gretting that ho has beeu compelled thus to come into our columns in his own defense, wo aro ueverthclsss gratified, bocause he presents himself lairly aud with temper and disposi tion quite worthy of gentleman who fills so important an office. Memphis Commercial. Capt. R. W. Banks, editor of the Columbus Index, has been interviewed by one of our correspondents upon the question of the Constitutional Convention, and the result will be found in another page. A public man of high character and much experience, Capt. Hanks covers nearly the whole held or Vlow, and Is very clear iu what he has to say iu reference to tho ques tion of the franchise, which overtops all others, lie is opposed to a prop, erty or educational qualification for voters, and proposes, besides tho Aus tralian method of secret ballot aud longor rcsidouce in tho State ami county, tho "making of a poll-tax re eclpt, by some well advised plan, i sino qua non to a vote. To this no otic can object, for it Is an almost in disputable proposition that be who en- Joys the security and blessings of good government should contribute bis pro. portion towards sharing tho burdens of government; and no man who shirks such responsibility ought to be permitted to have a voico or any par. iicipaiion in tne selection or tho otll cials of his government, or iu shaping and controlling through the ballot its destiny." Capt, Banks thus reaches conclusion of the all-absorbing ques tion that is totally that of a majority of the people, and Is tho ono most likely to be adopted by the convention in making a Constitution. Commer. cial. 1 Yankee Trick, Agn-Hcrald.j Gen. Josntih Wlinelnr liia wrllfnn letter to the Montgomery Advertiser In which he relates that petitions for the passage of the compound lard bill aro beiug circulated oyer the South seeking signers. The petitions do not reveal tho na ture oi tne bill, aud many unsuspect Ing persons unwary of their guile, migni oo inuiieod to sign them. In fact, General Whcclor states that such signatures, from honest farmers in this section, nave already been secured Ibis bill, as tho Age-Herald has re peatedly pointed out, is meant to im Pose the Inlnuitous nxetfld tar nn in Important agricultural product of the South in order that a Northern pro- uuci may oe relieved or competition irom mat source Tho bill is aimed directly at the in terestOftlie hontliern eoltnn o-rnirnr Its paseago would result in bis loss and ho would do himself a wrong to petition Congress for its passage. The Sew Discovery. You have heard your friends" and neighbors talking about It. You may yourself bo one of the manv who know from personal exnerlence Just how good a thing it Is. If you have ever tried it, you are one of its staunch friends, be cause the wonderful thing obouf It Is. that when onee given s trial. Dr. King's New Discovery e'er after holds a place In thehoiit'ii. 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Skinner, Druggist, Greenville, Miss Fine and Complicated Watches re paired. Satisfaction guaranteed, at Oct. lMf Fba.sk But DKB'a. OFFICE RULES. SI KSCRII'TIOS TERMS. One year, in advance $2 0 Any subscriber tit-sirinu hv r. mentis continued willplta.-enutilY 'is promptly, AOVFBTIMXt; BAILS. The foltowi'i will ziiveni future contract! for I'lvtrtisiti,;. domestic au 1 1, ri-uo : 1 wt.-4k-j;.im,.0ic,j(l year. 1 inch T.v 2 j"ii .tio;S - & lti'jo tiaebe ; l.vi. 4"" .! fcSm.l " r : i::w a'wj am " : , I-'!": i7 it ' f Tmxi !0, i'li,; MtKit fcDUrt columa Ji iw; ai'W1 stwi lCOlumn I t.V.i ,! tAnUII 'JvtJIH luus Privilege of cbsnghi? regular S'lvtrtSjenieuU once t month without cha'ta ANNOUNCEMENTS. Beat Offices, ... $ 5.00 County aud District, - - 10.00 Calls" Charged as Announcements. "I.OCaU." Sliace of live linos n n,n this type, 10 cents per line for first, i cents each subsequent insertion. Less than live lines, 15 cents per line for first and 10 cents per line each sulisequeii t In sertion. Other reading notices same rate. Personnl articles for or declined according to their nature. Communications on matters of local In terest solicited. While correspondents may sins miy surnttiiire 10 communica tions, real names must seeouipan v same t'ustoiners will iiIhnm uiv. uv,. 'it., it .11. reetions of length of time for publication ui u ciiiBeiiieuis, Larger advertisements, quarterly, half- yeany ami veany, Contracted forat Liberal Rates. Orders from transient eimtnmiim bal or written, for job work, advertising or subscription, uiust be accompanied by the cash. Accounts of regular custo mers due and presented the 1st of eack utoum EXPERTe: Watches, J OAvelry, Diamonds, SE7EWARE, CLOCKS, Etc., Washington Ave. ' Gkkknvim.k. Miss. LUMBER YARD, NEAR THE L.X.O.S- T. R. H. Depot. Having opened a Yard as above, I will keep ou hand ALL MANNER OF LUMBER FOR EUILDINJ PURPOSES. CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER. Plans furnished for all styles of dwell ings on application. Office at the Yard. aplO B. P. V AUGHT. W0RTHAM& GRIFFIN, Koep In stock a full hue of Olllco Htntionery School Books, Blank Books, Call special attention to our 12 Mo's and Papertries, LEATHER GOODS, ALBUMS. AUTOGRAPHS, Gold and SStkbl Pkns, Sogers' and Wostenholm's Cutlery, CIOARS. Eta.-. Eta. novzr ST. CHARLES HOTEL, 0. Tilt: AULKH A PLAN. Coionkl I. A. NEWMAN. Manager. Oroonvillo. Miss, Colonel Newman respcelfully in forms Commercial Travelers and the public that ho will from dato givo his exclusive supervision to every depart ment of the St. Charles Hotel, and will keep It First Class In AH Kcspccts. Day boarders will be accommodated In tho best stylo and at rcasouablo rates. Henry T. Ireys, COTTON FACTOR. Oltlce on Mala St., four doors east of l'otolHoe. GREENVILLE, MISS. C. S. Farhab. A . D. ni.o:nMn. In coniiiienilani C. S. FARRAE, COTTON FACTOR. No. no Union Street, New Orleans. La. JOIIX C. HKAI). N. X. NELSON. HEAD & NELSON, (Sartesnoii to J. C Heut & Co.) Blacksmiths and Woodworkers. We carry a full stock of Wagon, Buggy and Plow Material. Employ only First-Class Workmen, and Guarantee nil work done by us. We make aspecialtv of Fine CARRIAGE AND DUtiUY TRIMMING AND PAI-NTING, AND HOUSK SMOKING. A trial is all we ask. Teiims Cash, All bills due on presentation. niH-Gin Money To Loan, Long tlmo mortgngo loans negotia ted ou improved plantations. Apply to Stkwart & McLauiun, AVilczinskl building, Jan 25 Crccuvillo, Miss. J. KINSELLA. (SCCC USSOH TO T. O'CONNKR.) Saddle and Harness Maker StlOI'OS WALNUT STltKET. ..fSSaTTR KEEPS eon- fjQ k sfantly on "J-lfl sfantly on lyj-f' .- ' hand every ' X4 hins; In his or line. All Kinas "A of repairing w' ' ' -"M)! done on short - - .-J I notice. Sells "a " nd works WALLACE ARNOLD cheap.