'llAY i3, 1891.
llth District, 1891.
" iBCl ir COL RT. ?
A i i,. n,.. K
l "Nor. IS
Apr. 4 " "
May a " Dee 18
1 Jan 91, 13
3 . j
1 b " 12
flaon. March and Oct. 21
stB', Kvi& Nov. 6
LTrER S PERCY,
lOESEfS AT LAW,
.JnRVEYS AT LAW,
over Bauk of Ureouvillo.
. . ..... t nfTIMn tn
,,,. na in ib.Siu.reiiwanil
Ld lUin iu Wilezinskl Building,
.... t. .11 vm Mtnrtl rtf Mld.ltDtl.
I men i ...
iiuttin Letlore and Sunflower
!,, o short f nolle Will bur anl '
fcni.M. D. 8. W.huiimtii, 31. I.
WANS and SURGEONS
, up stair at Drug Storo of
iflilay & Co.
D.J. DA. VIS,
IISVILLE, - Mlss
prlsUprofcsHionally Bolivar, Suu
ferind Sharkey counties.
Hm it-ittln In rhelm BttUain.
If Eastern moucy to loud ou lin-
(ihI plantations iu tho 1 oo Iieitn,
ii Yuoo. Warrou aud Hinds
Won five years timo, at reason-
irate of interost. Apuiy to
Pktkh P. Bailkv, Agent.
:i 1-3 South State stroet, Jackson,
t July 19-1 y.
Kill . , fonr iloort rt of Pottottio.
A. D. Hl.oroHB
f).RO Union Street,
JVew Orleans. La.
M. T. NELSON
HEAD & NELSON
(3laiori to J. C lleii'l A CO.)
W carry a full stock of
Buggy and Flow Material,
loJ only Firnt-CUss Workmen,
niGosrantee sll work done by us
make a sneclaltv of Fine
Ml AND BlrUGY TU1MM1NU AND
WHNO, AND UOBSK SHOEING.
"all we ask. Tbrms CAsn,
ii due ou presentation. i8-Gm
Hg refitted my shop on Main
F,iwo doors east of the Tost Of-
'ilh Wire Screens, I am frco from
nd will receive
Shipments by Express of
:st Western Meats,
fnA will keep no othor.-
Will also lnnnlv
, mn in the future, as In the past,
o efforts to give satisfaction
f UtOmera. I rosnnnifllllv .nliplt
L P. LAURENT,
,tste to hls maDy frIend ln
;' i that at any time they con-
building, u will afford him
Filial, iw Kifv sjijwsii
addressing him to either
""'"K pmccs. -iuoy win re
PfOmtit fi.,i:.... Ti..,,Lln
L. !' fr their past patronage
I n " coniiuuaucc,
JNl). .T r mNARI)
"l 2nd St and itoom 65
?" ij. '""'"nh-rll.-.l .III ftjrul
I - May a1"1 Dec- b
' j u Jan'v and June 12
4, awn, KlJF
AXI1C1PAI1SG THE SlB-TREAStRT.
In an lutervlcw recently Mr. Mc
Grath, the President of the Kansas
Alliance, stated that the plana for re
organization agreed upon at the meet
ing of the Alliance Presidents iu Wash
ington, one mouth ago, made it an
easy matter for tho Alliance to control
the gralu output. The reorganization
provided for placiug the State organ
ization in control of a State committee,
to which committees that have charge
of the Congressional Districts must
report. The Congressional commit
tees have charge of the county com
mittees, to whom the Sjub-AUiances
"By this plan," said President Mc
Gratb, "we will know every bushel of
marketable grain there is to be had in
the four States. I have communicated
with tho Alliance men of the other
.States, and the scheme will be a go.
The Alliance has to wait too long for
returns from legislation. Politics is all
well enough in its way, but practical
business methods assure safer aud
The four States interested will prac
tically control the wheat aud cattle
market of the L'uitcd States. The
commission each day will wire farmers
to send iu a certain amouut of wheat
or cattle, as the case may be, calling on
the ones who are the hardest pressed
Iu the quoted interview the Alliauco
leader has delineated a remarkable
identity between tho motives of the
order aud the grain speculators the
cornering of the market and squeezing
the consumers. This is all very well if
our coru-burulng brethren can carry
put what Mr. McUrath makes so simple
ou paper. But has It ever occured to
the farmers of Mississippi that the Sub
Treasury measure, in any of its forms,
would commit the Government to the
support aud furtherance of this com
prehensive manipulation of which they
would bo the subjects paying tribute?
Of course such a system of Govern
mental Agriculture would bo equally
available for all for the cotton, sugar,
rice aud tobacco grower as well as the
feed producer the public Treasury
would euable all to be bulls of their
own, and bears of their neighbors'
truck. Could the fertility of the
theorist, the ingenuity of the dema
gogue, have brought tortn a more
attractive, an emptier, dclusiou ? The
device would, however, be modi-
fled in effect as to the cotton
growers, whose customers are the
powerful aud wealthy of tho world
who could stand out of the markot,
aud starve their operatives, longer than
even the Government could hold tholr
The Color Line Flamed In a Far Country.
Scattlo, Wash., May 17. At 1 o'clock
this niomiug 400 negro niiucrs with
their families arrivod at Stoncsidiug,
a small station on the Northern Pacific,
fifty miles from here. The negroes
will ho marched immediately to the
coal uilnos of I ho Oregon Improvement
company at Franklin
Tboy wore rocruited in llauuibal, it
is said, by Superintendent T. B. Caroy
of the Oregon Improvement company's
mines, aud brought here to take the
places ol whito miners with whom the
company has boen having trouble.
About six weeks ago Superintendent
Carey attempted to forco the miners
to slgu a contract displeasing to them
aud the striko was the result. Tho
company then withdrow the coutract
aud Carey resigned ostensibly to take
a position with the railway. Another
superintendent was appointed and the
men returned to work at the old terms.
When it became known auioug the
miuers that nogroes wero on the way
to tho mines, every camp was uolillod
and all the miners went out on a strike
at Franklin. There was iutenso ex
citement aud it is thought troublo
Manager C. J. Smith of tho Oregon
Improvement company said) "Tho
company has determine.) to get rid of
the ucccssity of bowing to every
caprice of labor unions. Negroes will
bo put iu the mines aud bo protected
if it takes more guards thau miners.
A force of Piukertou's will accompany
the negroes from the railroad to the
. m m
Armstrong's Brigade Re union.
This gallaut body of war veterans, of
whom Col. F. A. Montgomery has
been Presidcut ever since its re-orgau-Izatiou,
is callod to meet at Jackson,
Miss., on June 8rd, the occasion of the
unvoiling of the Confederate Monu
meut. Ho braver or more patriotic
mon will do honor to that occasion.
Armstrong's Brigade now has its
annual re-uulons which are eagerly
looked forward to and heartily enjoyed
by its members. Col. Montgomery
asks that the Bolivar members especial
ly will rally in full forco, and to a man
accompany him to Jackson, where,
besides the Impressive ceremonies iu
which they will take part, they will
meet with hundreds of othors like
themsetves, who fought nobly In the
lost catiso. As far as the Democrat
has been able to ascertain, the follow
ing Bolivar names are included with
the Colonel on the rolls: T. It. Mo
Guirc, II. T. Yates, L. M. lluulcr, D.
Iteinacb, ChaB. Scott, Geo. Y. Scott, E.
I. Coloraan, AV. II. Peake.
In response to au invitation from
many of our most substantial citizens
in LaFayette county representing all
classes aud occupations, this distin
guished gentlemen will, sometime in
Juno, address tho people of tho county
on the political issues of the day. This
Information that the Invitation to Sen
ator Walthall has boen accepted by
him will be gratifying to the many
frionds of the Senator in this county,
and give pleasnro to our people gouor
ally. Senator Walthall is not a caudi
date for re-election. Ho will not,
therefore, come before the people
with any favors to ask or aieto grind.
IIo Is so woll posted on our national
politics,, all our true and tried Demo
crats will be entertainod by him. Sen
inr iViiLlmll is an ablo and splendid
speaker, aud will uo doubt sustain his
reputatiou in inai regaiu. unum
GREENVILLE. WASHINGTON COUNTY. MISS.. SATURDAY,
EI POSSESSION BEFORE AUJISIIXG.
Mr. Deury Wattersou, who is now
lecturing iu Texas, in a receut inter
view is reported to have said among
other things :
"For God's sake, let us let it alone,
aud try U(i elect our ticket in 1892.
If we do not carry the country then,
you may look for the Force Bill aud
everything else that bodes evil. Elect
a Democratic President and Congress,
and sectionalism is dead forever iu
this country, aud that is what we waut,
to kill out sectionalism. Once in pos
session of this Government and we
will deal with silver and all other
questions so honestly, so broadly, so
patriotically, that we shall challenge
the judgment of the masses, and, iu
the providence of God, we shall rule
this country wisely and wclL"
There is profound wisdom in the
above utterance that should commend
itself to every Democrat In the laud, a
warning that cannot safely be neglect
ed, oue that should alarm the wander
ers into the delusory paths of the Sub
Treasury in Mississippi; an appeal
which should arouse the old Demo
cratic spirit iu every quarter; a prom
ise of success aud a pointing to the
way for success which should be eu
couragiug. if Democracy fail in gettiug posses
sion of the Govornmont in '92, with
the cbauces for success uow held, we
may look forward to innumerable
evils aud oppressions, which neither
third party schemes, Sub-Treasury re
liefs nor appeals to the constitution
He is uo Democrat aud unworthy
to bear the name who will dosert tho
rauks upon any pretext at any time,
but more especially uow, when the
victory can bo wou if eyery mau will
stand by the colors uuder which he
has enlisted aud marched so long.
The farmers ot Mississippi, like tho
farmers all over the Uulou, have suf
fered uuder Itcpublican domination
and misrulo, just as all other classes in
the community,' except the manufac
turing monopolists aud great moueyed
trusts, so that it is to the interest ot
all to unite as Democrats aud destroy
the monster, and after this, as Mr.
Watterson says, we will deal with all
questions honestly, broadly and patri
otically. The Sub-n or Webster county.
In the Walthall Warden of March
18, 1891, are the following concerning
the President of tne Couuty Alliance :
"Mr. Hubbard has twice uod his
vote aud lufiueuce to defeat tho editor
of this paper wheu regularly nomi
nated by the Democratic party of
Webster county. First for.Itepresenta
tive In 1891 aud secoud for the Consti
tutional Convention lu 1890."
As to F. J. Swludoll, the Secre
tary of the Alliance, the Mlssisslp
plan is advised that he was olocted to
the ofllce ho now holds ou the In
dependent ticket, and has never beat
regarded as a Democrat. , .
Therefore, Messrs. Hubbard andJ
Swludoll cauuot do either Georgo,
Walthall or Stone any barm or Maj.
Barksdale any good. They cauuot
participate lu the Domocratic primary
to nominate a (representative ; aud if
they beat said nominee at the polls, as
they seem to have beou able to do in
the race for delegate to the Constitu
tional Couvoutlou, tholr soloctlon will
not be admlttod into the Democratic
Senatorial caucus. Mississlppian.
This is the pair of statesmen that so
rudely roseutod Governor Stone's re
ply to their letter because ho did uot
sco tho Sub-Treasury question to
suit tholr views, lu their temper over
tho Governor's simplo and modorato
response to tholr request that he state
his position, they assert that despite
Georgo, Walthall and Stono, Webster
couuty was for Barksdalo and tho
Sub-Treasury. The Mississippiau's
reminder is timely.
Good Police Wort.
Special to Age-Herald.
Meridian. Miss., May 17. An explo.
slon lu Prickcl & Hand's saloon this
morning after 3 o'clock attracted the
attention of Othccrs Wulker aud .Mc
Looking through a window they
saw three men working ou the safe,
An exclamation of McCarroll's attract
ed tho attcntlou of tho burglars. They
mado a break for the side door, but
Officer Walker iutcrccptcd them aud
fired, shooting one muu through the
first two flutters, breaking the pistol
guard. A shot from another burglar
nowder burned Walkor's face, who re
turned the fire, hitting the wounded
burglar in the forehead, producing a
A eenoral firing was then begun by
the police, and the burglars, who had
succcedod in Retting on the outsuio,
broke iu diflerent directions. The
wounded burglar fell, after golug a
block aud a half. The other one ran
into the unfinished Southern Hotel
building, and this was surrounded till
day-light, when the concealed burglar
coolly came out smoking and offered
to assist in capturing tne man wamea
lie was arrested.
The wounded man gives his name
as J. G. Carey and the other as J,
Nearly $600 and a kitt of fiuo bur
glar tools wore captured. A book
captured shows that both are posted
as to certain street ana nouses in
Birmingham, Chicago, St. Louis and
other cities. It is thought they wero
connected with the receut robbery iu
Three sets of tools wore found and
it is thought another man was with
Tne Vengeance of the Locusts.
Akiors. May 18. The French
savant, M. Kuekcl Hcrculais, tho pres
ident of tho Kthnolouical Society, who
was cmnloved on the Koycrumciit mis
sion of Investigating the locust plague
In this Droviuce. has met a horrible
Whllo examining a deposit of locusts
eirirs at the villaffo of Sidieral, be was
overcome witn latigue aim mo ui
aud fell asleep on the ground, wnite
sleeping bo was attacked by a swarm
of locusts. On awakening ho strug
gled desperately to escape from the
He set tire to the lusect-ladcu bushes
near him, but all his efforts proved in
cfloctual, aud when ilually tho locusts
left the spot his corpse was fouud.
THE CIVIL CONFLICT W CHILI.
Daily occurlug events are lending In
creased interest aud giviug increased
importance to the revolutionary move
ment which now, aud for some months
past, has been iu progress in Chili.
It ought to bo added that we are just
beginning to have intelligible views as
to the causes which led to this civil
struggle, and as to he reasons on ac
count ot which it has been prolonged.
Probably uo similar movement of
equal dimensions in modern times has
been so much written about iu ignor
ance. We knew that there was civil
war iu Chili, that there were some rad
ical differences between President Bal
maceda and the Chilian Parliament,
and that the contending parties repre
sented the Executive on the oue hand
and the Parliament on the other, some
what after the fashion of what hap
pened iu England tn the time of
Charles the First. But what were the
differences, or what the war was about,
it was not so easy to ascertain.
We gladly make our acknowledg
ments to the London Times, which,
with its usual enterprise and eagor-
ness to get at the true situation of af
fairs, has been successful, although not
without difficulty, iu putting competent
correspondents on the scene of action.
Thu latest letters of the Times from
Chili, one from the regular and one
rrom an occasional correspondent, have
throwu more light ou the causes of the
preseut troublo and upon the existiug
situation than bas como from auy
other source siuco tho commencement
of war. The peculiarity of the entire
a Hair finds Illustration In the fact that
the correspondents referred to have
evideut difficulty in arriving at a de
cision as to which of the parties to the
struggle is the more to blame. A
curious feature of the coutcst is that
it is betweeu representative aud par
liamentary government. It is not easy
to comprehend the distinction. With
us parliamentary govcrumeut is repre
sentative government aud representa
tive government is parliamentary gov
ernment tho two are synonymous.
It seems to be otherwise in Chili.
This distinction will perhaps be
made to appear iu some measure by a
brief statement of the facts which have
gradually led up to the present crisis.
Chili has been a republic, at least lu
name, for the last 60 years. A repub
lic, lu the true aud proper souse, it has
not been. From 1833 until 1886,
when the Liberal party triumphed, aud
elected to the prebidcutial chair Jose
Manuel Balmaccda, the country was
really governed by an oligarchy com
posed of leading territorial families
aud of the clergy. This long domi
nant Conservative party have never
endured with good graco tho ascend'
ancy of Ualmacedo. It is they who
constitute tho Opposition, and who
dominate In Parliameut. They are
sometimes callod Moutt-Varitas a
name adopted by them in honor of the
very successful management of Chiliau
affairs by President Moutt and his
Prime Minister Yaras in 1850-60,
With the- advent to power of Balma-
ceda the struggle which bas culminat
ed, as we now soe It, began. The
mutual autagoulsm has grown in bit
ternerness year by year, until finally,
towards the closo of December of last
year, the President, claiming to autici
pato danger, impeachment having
been threatened, dissolvod Congress.
Tho climax was reached through dif
ferences on tho budget and on the
Mutiny Bill. Congress has no exclu
sive power over tho publlo purse. The
concurrence of the President and of
tho Council of State is necessary, lu
reply to repented messages from tho
President, Congress refused either to
voto supplies or to pas tho Mutiny
Bill, lu addition, It thrcatouod to I in
poach a previous ministry, a step
which would havo prevented proro-
rogation until tho impeached miuisters
were convicted or acquitted. Balma
ccda was not to be caught after this
fashiou, and hence, as stated, dissolved
Congross. As the supplies terminated
under the former appropriation bills
on December 31, bo has since thou
been taking advautago of what he
claims to bu a priviiegu well establish
ed by precedents a privilege which
extends the force of tho Supply Bill
for six mouths.
Balmaccda, it has to be admitted,
although ho has taken high ground
aud exercised high-hauded authority
authority uot easily reconciled with
our notions of parliamentary govern
meut bas iu good part at least kept
withiu the written limits of its prerog
ative Tho course which ho is pur.
suing bears a very striking resemblauce
to that pursued by Charles 1. lu tho
matter of tho ship mouey the only
ditlcrcuce being that whereas the -u
gllsh monarch appealed to Divine
right the Chiliau President appeals to
the Constitution. Might, which hap'
pened to be on the other sido iu the
case of Charles, mado short work of
Divine right; aud If might should
turn out to be against Balmaccda, the
writtou Constitution of Chill would
not, we fear, fare much better. It Is
but fair, however, to recognize the
grouud which Balmaccda has taken.
Article 60 or the constitution says
"A citi.oB bearing the litlo "of Presi
dent of the Republic of Chili shall
"hold tho administration of tho State,
and is "supremo chief of the nation."
Other articles are equally explicit as
to tho powers of tho President; and it
has to be added that tho Opposition
do not question this interpretation ot
the Constitution. What they demand
is revision aud a limitation of the
presidential power. To this Balma
ceda replies that the Constitution can
only be altered by uoustitntionai
methods; that he bas sworn to obey
the Constitution aud to make all others
obey it until his term of office expires
iu September next. "From this posi
tion," ho has said emphatically, I will
not recede ouo iota. '
It is thus made tolerably clear how
aud what the situation is in Chili,
Balmaccda has managed, it appears, to
keep the masses of tho people with
blm. But the wealthy classes, tho
old territorial families and tho clergy
are with I ho insurgents. It Is note
worthy, also, that tho forcigu nitrate
lords aud tho torciguors generally aro
opposed to him. riuaucial Chronicle
Edith "You cau't imagiuo how Mr,
Bultlncb complimented your singing.''
Ethel "Did be, though?" Edith
"Yes, he said 'twas simply heavenly."
Eth 1 "Henlly T Edith "Well, just
the samo thing ; he sMd twas simply
unearthly." Boston Courier.
Now mannger, uow system, satisfac
tion guaranteed at tho Steam Laundry.
Shabby Treatment or Vales,
Loiidon, Mav 17. Mauy statements
have appeared in regard to the debts
of the Prince of Wales, aud Mr. Ed
mund Yates hinted at half the truth
oue week aud deuled it in the next.
Tho facts, however, are very simple,
and are all explained iu the fact that
the priuce lives far beyond his income.
1 he prince had borrowed 160,000
from that late Angle-India nabob,
Mackenzie, aud Iu order to discbarge
the debt be put a mortgage of 250,
000 on the Saudriugham estate, made
out to Messrs. Murrietta. Then fol
lowed the Argeutine collapse and the
Murrietlaa were bit very bard and suf
fered great losses. There was nothing
for them to do but realize on their
available assets. Baron Uirsch, who
may be regarded as the prince's latest
frieud, might aud would probably
very gladly have come to the rescue,
but the priuce hesitated about allow
ing him to do so, because he realizes
how exceedingly unpopular the idea is
in English society and at both the
English aud Genua courts that he
should be on such close terms with the
Theu the approaching visit of the
kaiser to Euglaud was another reason
why Baron Uirsch could not be called
upon, for the presence of the kaiser
would make it impossible for the
priuce to push his protegee ou English
society at present, and the prince fully
realized that this woald be the price of
of such loan, because the baron is
reputed to figure closely in such mat
ters, aud outsido of bis magnificent
charitablo bequests be exacts full re
turn for auy mouey he may put out.
This return, the priuce clearly under
stood, was to be made ou sot'al lines.
iVIl hope, therefore, of relief Irom tho
barou beiug at an end, the prince, in
his dilemma, sought the Marquis of
Salisbury and suggested an appeal to
the Queou lu the matter.
This must be regarded as a cour
ageous act, for owiug to the prince's
name belug so unpleasantly associated
with the receut baccarat scandal her
majesty bas not been favorably dis
posed toward her eldest sou. The
premier, bowevor, addressed the Oueeu
ou the subject, aud after a great deal of
persuasion Induced bor majesty to take
up the Saudriugham mortgage, but
ouly on condition that the sum so ad
vanced should be deducted from tho
amount left by tho Queen in her will
to the Prince of walos.
The prince, by the very situation of
allalrs, was compelled to accept this
otl'er, but it has evidently irritated him
exceedingly, for it is kuowu that he
docs uot consider the treatment cither
liberal or gcuerous, and be has caused
It to be conveyed to tho Queen, his
mother, that ho shall withdraw more
iuto private life iu the future uulcss
she agrees to make him an adequate
allowance upon which to maintain the
semi-royal slato necessary for the
proper discbarge of his dutios, which
should properly fall upon tho Queen,
but which ho bas discharged for mauy
years purely as a relief to bor.
Another War Mystery Bereaied.
Atlauta, Ga., May 18. Frauk G.
McNary of New Athens, Harrison
couuty, O., was a member of Capt
McCrcady's company of the Oue Hun
dred aud Twouty-slxth Hcgimcnt, Ohio
iufautry. He was always a brave sol
dior, but after the battle of the Wll
derness In Virginia on May 6, 1864, be
was missiug and was uever aftorward
seen by his comrades or frionds. It
was thought that ho had becu killod
aud buried among the uuknowu dead.
F. T. Kylo, McNaiy's cousin, who uow
lives ln Uix Mills, Muskingum county,
O., wroto a letter to (ion. (jordou ot
Goorgla, who was in tho battle of the
Wilderness ou the robel sido, describ
ing Frank McNary, giviug a descrip
tion of his army lilb aud asking wheth
er be bad ever happened to know or
hear anything about him. Gen. Gor
don sont tho lottcr to the Atlauta Con
stitution. It thus happened to fall undor the
notice of James M. Baldwin of Hayule,
Floyd couuty, Ga., who was a mombor
of Company D, Phillips Legion of
Goorgla Volunteers, who bad been
wouuded early in the morning of the
Wilderness battle, and who bad iu his
possession a llttlo book of psalms, in
whlcu was writton ou the fly leaf:
"To Frauk McNary, Ouo Huudred aud
Twenty-Sixth Ohio Volunteers, 1864."
Mr. Baldwin says that after boing
wounded In tbe thigh early iu the
morning of the battle ho was carried
to the rear aud put Iuto a Hold hospital.
As tho day advauced both Union and
Confederate soldiers were brought
there, and amoug them was a young
Union soldier who had received a ter
rible wound In the right breast. Ho
was put beside Baldwin, who saw that
he was sufl'eriug terribly, and did all
he could to relieve him, giviug him
water out of his canteen.
After several hours of suffering the
unknown Union soldier boy raised
himself ou his bauds aud feet, crawlod
fot a distance of eight or teu fcot, then
lay down suddenly, turnod on hie back
aud In a moment was dead. As he
had started to crawl along a little book
of psalms dropped from his breast.
It was stained with blood from the
wound. ' This little book Baldwiu
picked up and kept as a mcmeuto of
the day's sad experiences.
It contaiued the evidence of tbe
identity of tho dead Union soldier,
Frank McNary. Baldwin saw where
he was burled, and be thinks ho could
return to the exact spot to-day.
Mr. Baldwiu has returned the book
of psalms to McNary's relative. After
pickiug It up he had written ou tho fly
-.hect the following memorandum:
"Tho former owner of this book was
killed in the battle of tbe Wilderness,
in Virginia, May 6, 1864. Ho is to me
unknown, but I hope he is In Heaven.
It is a matter of congratulation to
the Dcmocratio party and the Stato,
that Hon. 11. D. Money bas determined
to take the stump iu dofcuse of souud
Dcmocratio principles. Mr. Money is
well posted, and is very entertaining
and oloquent on the stump. We trust
our committee will Invite him to this
county bofore tbe campaign Is over.
The pipes for tho artoslan water
works have arrived aud aro now be
ing put down. We are glad to se it,
for the oistorns arc getting low. By-the-by
a llttlo wetting down from tbo
hcavcus would be fully appreciated at
this time, for the gardcus are suffer
ing badly. Democrat-atar,
MAY 23. 1891.
THE rmXCIU, DEPRESSION.
Iu Mississippi Hon. II. M. Street is
regarded somewhat as authority upon
legislative revenue and financial ques
tions. As whatever he says upon these
questious is worthy of reading and
will excite thought, the following is
To the Editor of the News:
One of the chief causes of oppres
sion, under the preseut financial system,
h the coustant drain of mouey from
the couutry at large which goes to the
mouey centres in payment of interest
on public aud private indebtedness.
A change that would stop this drain
and keep tbe mouey in circulation
throughout the couutry would be a
great relief, lu the days of State
banks, organizations of individuals
were authorized to issue paper based
on specie at tbe rate of three iu paper
for one of specie. In creating the
preseut natioual bauk law, Congress
imposed a prohibitory tax on au other
bauk notes. It mattors uot bow
secure these notes may be made, none
can circulate free of this prohibitory
tax, except such as are based ou a de
posit of Uuitcd States bonds. This
policy enhances the value of these
bonds at the expense of every other
interest in the country. They have
long been at a high premium and to
day it requires an investment of about
$100,000 in money to secure a natioual
bauk circulation of $75,000. This
makes paper as expensive aud as diffi
cult to secure as gold and silver. Con
gress should repeal this tax on State
banks aud the States enact laws to
protect the people against irresponsi
ble iustitutious that would otherwise
follow such ropeal. State banks
should not be permitted to issue three
for oue of specie without some posi
tive guarautee for its redemption.
This can .be secured by a deposit of
one-third specie and the other two-
thirds iu mortgages on real estato
worth double the mortgage. Tho
Stato should have supervision over
these bauks and guarantee tho circu
latiou. To protect tbe State against
loss, all bauks should be required to
deposit 2 per ceut of their circulation
as a goueral safety fund. Au associa
tion of State banks should be author
ized aud empowered to co-operate
with tbe State authorities iu bauk ex
aminations, aud as this association
would be liable for the failure of auy
part of the securities of auy one or
more banks, the public at large would
be fully protected. This would be no
hardship on the bauks, as the failure
of any piece of mortgaged property tu
briug the amount socurcd by it,
would be mado good by the particular
bauk holding it, while tho association,
backod by the Stato, standing between
all tho banks and the people, would
only be necessary to strengthen confi
dence aud prevent panics..
As compensation to the State for its
guarautee, aud in liou of all other
taxes, those bauks should be required.
to pay annually into the common
school fund of the Stato three per ceut
of their circulation. If that amounts
to $25 por capita in Mississippi, about
$1,000,000 would be added to tho
school fund each year, without cost to
To prevent combluations of capital,
monopolizing the benefits of tho pro
posed law, it should provide that tho
mortgagod laud should be actually oc
cupied and used by the beneficiary.
Congress thou might provldo that
mouey issued by bauks, whose circu
lation is socurod by deposits of specie
aud mortgages and guaranteed by tbo
State, should bo received iu pay meut
of all dues of tho government. Tho
money would theu circulate freely in
all parts of tho couutry.
The advantages of this system are,
First. It makes real estato some
thing that our people have a basis for
mouey as well as Unllod States bonds,
something very few possess.
Second. It establishes a credit based
on real estato at a reasonable rate of
Third. Whatever interest Is paid
would go back into circulation among
Ihe peoplo who paid It aud the disas
trous dralus under the present system
would eud. II. M. Strew.
PULPIT PI10FA.MTI PROFICIENCY.
Spoclal to Agc-IIorald.
Atlauta, May 15. Sam Small is out
in another pvrotochnio tirado against
the Kcv. J. Wesloy Hill, his brother
minister, who Is the man responsible
for Ihe charges of crookedness mado
recently against Small.
The letter is an endeavor to "show
up" Hill aud the trustees of tho Ogdon
University, at whose bauds Sam
claims to have been very badly treated.
Iu itself the letter is remarkable, prin
cipally for the intensity aud unique
ness of tho language used. Small uses,
for lustauce, tho following unique
epithets towards Hill.
"That infamous liar, hypocrito and
lowd sham of a proacher." "Tho
same thief and swludlor." "Who
lifted collections for his church, which
he pocketed aud squandered." "Who
sponged upon tho hospitality of new
made acquaintances, and thou turned
their houses aud hospitality to ridicule
and jeoriug." "Who foisted a lot of
real estate upon benevoleut Metho
dists at fabulous prices, aud with a
serios of lies that would appal a bunco
man." "Who did this in the name of
the church himself and a gang of
Ogden sharpers." Who lives a doublo
life, preaching hollncM in tho pulpit
aud indulging iu his lecherous lusts in
private." "Who has set going all tho
flood of newspaper slander upon me
because I would not help him smludle
a brother minister ln Philadelphia,
Rev. Merritt Hubbard, or join him in
a scheme to use the university aud
church for tho purpose of getting big
money for ourselves." "The most in
famous aud versatile rascal outside of
any penitentiary." ."Falso iu word and
oath to his wife and his God." A
hypocrito in every privato relation aud
Of the university Small says :
"Tho whole scbemo 1 have fouud Is
rotten, di9respectable aud fraudulent."
"An alleged uuiverslty." "The schome
of duplicity, chicanery and a swindling
Hill has manipulated and bossed
thorn from tho beginning, duping
them Iuto accepting deeds to mortgag
ed property from a bankrupt, wildcat
laud sharp, misleading bishops and
committeemen, upon bogus subscrip
tion lists, to locale the university on
said property, thus robbing Salt Lake
City of the Institution In the interest
of his Ogden no-oporators."
AX INTELLECTUAL .UUO.
New York, May 12. There is a
negro cavalryman named George
Lewis iu the State Peuiteutlary at
Lansing, Kas, who but for one little
slip In a cleverly contrived plot of his
would be at liberty now and the pos
sessor of $20,000 belonging to the Mer
cantile National Bank of this city. His
brightness and shrewdness made him
a marked man and he was transferred
to the War Department.
Early in 18s9 he forged papers in
that office and was convicted aud sen
tenced to ten years in tho State Peni
tentiary at Lansing, lie is a fine pen
man aud at last he was assigned to
write the letters for convicts. The
convicts occasionally send money to
relatives aud friends outsido, and the
custom was to buy at tbe First Natioual
Bauk of Leavenworth drafts on the
Mercantile Bauk of New York. On
February 10 last oue of the convicts
got a draft for $1 aud gave it to Lewis
to be forwarded iu a letter. Lewis
raised the draft from $1 to $20,000
and seut it to the Fountain Savings
Bauk of Richmond, Va. He sent the
draft for deposit to bis own order.
He also seut Mr. Hill, the cashier, a
letter dated llarkuess, Kas. This letter
stated that the draft which had been
forwarded represented tbe price re
ceived by Lewis for a ranch in Kansas.
He said that he bad sold the rauch to
an English nobleman, Lord Raudlet,
through John 11. Scott Lewis in
closed a letter from Scott dated Lon
don, January 20, 1891. Lewis sent to
the Richmond bauk another letter
sigued by Scott, iu which it was said
that Lord Raudlet would soon leave
Euglaud in his yacht and join Lewis in
SbU Francisco. This lettor of Iwis
requested Casbior Hill to have the
draft for $20,000 ou the Morcautile
Bank certified. Cashier Scheuck of
the Mercantile Bank looked over the
First National's account aud saw the
Leavenworth Bauk bad a balauce of
$30,000 aud he uotlfiod Hill that the
Leavenworth Bauk's draft $20,000 was
all right and would bo honored. It
was forwarded and paid. By this
lime it was approaching March 1.
Right bore stops lu an accomplice of
Low Is, a negro, who is known in tho
Lausiug Penitentiary as Sam Bryant.
Ho was sentouccd from Shawnee
Couuty, Kansas, for robbery, aud his
term of live years expired ou March 4.
After bis reloase Bryant weut to Dod
worth & Co., printers, at Leaveuworth,
presented an ordor purporting to come
from Capt. Hilliers, U. S. A, and a let
ter head of the Judgo Advocate Gen
eral's office. The letter ordered tweuty
live copies of the engraved lettor head
to be printed as nearly In fac simile as
possible. Bryaut roached Richmoud
aud on a check of Lewis' socured $260
of the $20,000, aud went ou to Wash
ington to put through the lost chapter
of the Lewis swiudle. Warden Chase
recelvod on one of the lettor heads of
the Adjunctaut-Geuoral's office an
ordor on blm sigued William Reeves.
Warden Chao took Beeves to be a
clork in tho War Department. The
order appeared to be certified by tbe
Assistant Secretary ol War aud it
notified Chase that Lewis had been
pardoned aud directed his release, it
is needless to say that the order had
beou forged ou oue of tbe spurious let
ter heads delivered to him in Jail by
tho second accomplice and by Lewis
seut to Bryant ln Washington. All
that Bryaut bad to do was to send it
bask to Cbaso lu a War Department
By way of preparing Chase's mind,
Lewis had already writtou to himself
a lettor Irom Reeves, say lug that Lewis'
trionds In Washington wero workiug
for his pardou and that no doubt iu a
fow days a happy decision would be
reached. That lettor he bad forward
ed to Bryant for transmission back to
hlin. The letter was read by tho war
den, as all convicts' letters are, aud
two days later Chase received a tele
gram from tV ashlugton saying a par
don had been made out for Lewis and
was ou Its way. This telegram was
By the next mail came tho forged
official announcement of Lewis' par
don. Just here the plot broko down.
Lewis was a llttlo bit too smart. In
an appendix to the official letter was
a request that the warden should hand
the document ovor to Lewis so that
Low is might use It to identify himself
at the War Department aud get any
back pay due him. Warden Chase
wrote to tho Department that ho did
not like to hand over the pardon to
Lewis, as It was his ouly voucher for
tho convict s release. He asked the
War Department to suggest some oth
er means of helping Lewis to receive
Tbo officials wroto back to Chase
that no pardon had been issued for
Lewis. The jig was up. Chase
searched Lewis' cell and found the
twenty-three unused lotter beads.
Lewis' systom of communication with
the outside world it may be presumed
was considerably abridged after that,
The $19,750 lay untouched in tho sav
ings bauk iu Richmoud. May 4 was
settling day between the Leavenworth
Bauk aud the Mercantile National
The bauk in Leavenworth was debited
with $19,999 too much. Telegraphic
inquiries aud auswers passed and the
$19,750 was recoverod by the Morcan'
tile from the saviugs bank in Rich
mond. From Lewis $130 more was
recovored. Bryaut got away with his
Uttlo bit of money.
Ex-Cougressmau Barksdale of Mis
sissippi accepts the caudidacy for tbo
Uuitcd States Senate on the Sub-
Treasury plan platform of tbe Farm
ers' Alliance aud in tbo words of
another be exclaims to his cohorts:
"If I fall, avenge me ; if I retreat, slay
me; if I advance, follow me." It is
quite evident from this triuitarian
personal platform that Maj. Barks
dalo docs not propose to permit the
farmer to escape if be can prevent it.
Washington City Star.
A W OSPEK WORKER.
Mr. Frank Huffman, a young man of
uuriington, unio, states inai ne naa
been under the care of two prominent
nh.rsician4MHl used their treatment
until h-" not able to get around.
They r .need his case to be Con
sumptit. and Incurable, He was per
suaded to try Dr. King's New Discovery
lor Consumption, uougns ana coins and
at that time was not able to walk across
the strep t without resting. He found,
before he had used half of a dollar but
tle, Unit ho was much belter ; he con
tinned to nse It and Is to-day enjoying
good health. If you have any Ihront,
Lung or Chest Trouble try It. We
guarantee satisfaction. Trial bottle
tree at &ioor a uarm's irugmor,
A I' U I ! f 'V la
1 ' ( .
fur -lv,.-iu.sn-., .;-;L' -a
I inch .
. in. i
1 e"Uimn . . , . -t l;.'!-.' fe-.-i tu-w
PrlTilrite of !, tig ivs-tiiar ,iver-..-.fl-t
one. a mvMU. w ttiiviu -: ; a e
Beat Offieeg, - - - f 5 00
Couuty and District, - - VsMO
''Calls" Charged as Announcements.
"Locals, space of Ave Hues or more,
this type, 10 cents per line fur lirt, 6
cents each subsequent Insertion. L-
than five lines, 1.5 cents per line for riiwt
and 10 cents per line each subsequent in
sertion. Other reading notices same
Personal articles or notices charged
for or declined according to tbelrnature.
Communications on matters of local In
terest solicited. While correspondent
may amx anv signature to communica
tions, real names must accompauv same
customer win please crive ex d ten di
rection of length of time for publication
Larger advertisements, quarterly, half.
yearly anu yearly,
Contracted forat Liberal Bate.
vruer irom transient customers, ver
bal or written, forjob work, advertising1
or subscription, must be accompanied by
the cash. A
mere due and presented the 1st of each
RATLBOAD THS TAILS.
Georgia Pacific Railway.
Tassenger trains arrive at Greenville,
From Deer ("reek, narrow 0...9:f5 a m
From Winona 11:00 a m
From Atlanta 10:06 D m
Passenger trains leave Greenville,
For Atlanta , 7:45 a m
Arrive at Winoua 11.43 a iu
For Winona 3:20 o m
" DeerCreek, (narrow guage) 4:00 pm
Close connection made at Winona be
tween U. P. uioriiinir east bound and 1.
C. south bound, and evening west bound
O. P. and 1. C, north bound trains.
Leave Webb's 5:30 a ffl
Arrive itta Bena (Junction)... 8:;0 a nt
Leave " 7:40 p m
Arrive Webb's 10:40 p m
Trains run dally except Sunday, con
necting with Winona trains east and
Louisville, Sev Orleans ail Texai
R'y. Mississippi falle j Roite.
Leave Memphis 4.40 p in 10.00 a m
Arrive l.elr.nd 9.3!) p ax 4 SO p m
Arrive Greenville... 10.20 p m 11.20 a m
Arrive Rolling Fork. 10.52 pm 6.23 p m
Arrive Vicksburg. . . 12.10 a m 8.10 p m
Arrive New Orleans. 7.43 a tu
Leave New Orleans. 5.13 a ni
Leave Vicksburg... 12.54 am 7.00am
Leave Rolling Fork. .2.1)1 a m 8.4A a m
Leave Greenville. ...9.20 a m 8.3ipm
Leave Leland 3.30 a m 10.21 a ra
Arrive Memphis 8.13 am 5.13 pm
North, pass Greenville 10.23 a m
South, " " 4.48 pm
Through sleeping car connection mad
at Memphis for Louisville, Cincinnati
and St. Louis, leaving Greenville at 8:34
Connections made at Memphis with
all lines for tbe North and East and
West ; at New Orleans for the Gulf
coast resorts and Southern Texaa and
Through tickets to all summer resort
now on uule at the L., NO. T. depot
office ; baggage checked through. For
information regarding rates, etc., ap
ply to 0. C. Cimi'dkia, Agent.
ttlialer M limu,
DKU.lt R IX
With Finest Crystal Lenses. Will not
carode or discolor. Examine the
Washington Ave. Grkesvillk. Mim.
JAS. K. NEUtm, TUOUAS liOCKT.
FIRST NATIONAL BAM.
Capital, $100,009. Snrplus, $30,0:3.
II. K. WETHEKDGB, R. W. HILLSAPS,
JOHH HASWAT, H. WILCZINSKI,
T. B. COWAN, THOMAS MOUNT,
J. M JAYNS. JOHN C. BEAD.
JAMES K. KEGl'S.
We solicit the accounts of Individu
als, Corporations and Business Firm.
The doublo liability of shareholder
of National Bank furnishes almost
absoluto socurity to depositors.
We gtvo most careful attention to
tho iutcrests of our customor in all
matters intrusted to us.
We aro prepared to give liberal
accommodation in the way of loan to
customer whoso average balance
We Issue Time Certificates of De
posit bearing interest.
The old and Eelioble Bakery
Family and Fancy
FRESH BREAD, CAKE, etc.
Constantly on band
Goods delivered at ail hours of the day
Fresh Bread deliveaed at resi
dences every eveniug.
Thanking my patrons and the public
generally for past patronage, I respect
fully request a continuance of the sm.
t(nw fHnnn)n h - -
fk ftir n, hr .nr A, j -
ItB.I Jrt tl., TnlWIfl. ,
ritt, hri irnMnr m '
Xt.H!lllfc t.,U.S a.-....
t-JW.,o.., . iiMt -'iSiMl
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