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F SUPPLEMENT TO THE GREENVILLE TIMES. ilOV.M'LAUIilNSMIimniAiNSPEECn I U MP1 Z -Z.'' Lj& i I .( r 1 i lie Governor Discussed State Issues Trom His Point of View. Replies to the Speech of Hon. Murray F. Smith And Makes Some Sensational Charges, Some Affida vits. Talks About Levees and Lobbying. An. nounces His Candidacy For the United States Senate. ,1 am before you tonight to respond to a gratefully appreciated Invitation to speak to my fellow citizens on State politics and issues. My right to speak to my fellow citizens has been challenged by the men who have misrepresented, maligned and bitterly abused me because of my political opinions, and because of their inability to control and dictate my administration of the office of chief executive of this Slate. But I !ive no other way of addressing the ! flople of tho State. jWhilo I have the support of a great iany patriotic newspapers of the titite, yet I have no organ of my own if present the true facts, as I know lem, to the people, whero they are ilsrepresented by my opponents. If ijr individual interests alone were iVolved I would quietly submit to lose misrepresentations, wilful as !iey are in many instances, knowing if I do that those who know me per- iinally will never give creaence to lem ; but the interests or rue enure (ople of the State are involved, and iwe It to them to put before them, d before the world, the facts in nt.nt.ion of these misrenresenta- ins as far as It is in my power to do the time that can be snared from Iied to me by the people of Missis sippi. If I am guilty of a wilful viol-lion or perversion of the duties of life office of Governor, it is not only tiftmnablQ in me, but it reflects dis :rfedit upon the entire State. If I l ve faithfully' attempted to dis farge the duties of the office to the !"st of my ability, then they, who ve from spite or disappointed po lical aspirations, or because of my blitical convictions, attempted to leate the impression that my official . Sndurt-has been corrupt, have not ' lily slandered me bnt they have lievously wronged every citizen ol e State upon whom such official induct would have reflected, if it kki been true. For this reason I J i f. there is not only not hing im oper in my speaking to the people, it that us far as I can spare the lie from iny official duties, it is my t V them to sneak. THEY ATTACK THE GOVERNOR. I am gratified that in discussing ' Mto politics as they have been reed by the opposition, and in dis using the most important State is ms that will be decided this year, I n at the same time refute my hear s. It "will be necessary for me to neover the principal issue, and the which every effort of the combine rainsfc me has been, and will be, rested to wver up and conceal. In 1896, when my name was men oned for the office of Governor, just ter I had served out a short term in se United States Senate, a warm jrsonftl friend of mine, who had noticed his profession in my family, Jnan of profound thought, and log fcl, cogent powers jf reasoning, who as an ardent betiever in and an able Jvocate of bimetalism, lr, S. D. bhins, of Tick slmrjr,,, wrote roe a er to know if I intended to be-' is a caodidute for Governor, and so, my portion on th financial aestion, that was then and now gitatiog the whole country. Ij rts"Wf tiis in substance that jj ! the value Vand that I was thor orty was J(!V,jth that doctrine1 fur the year lSwdimited ami the yoar isfli it was i,.b,v (hi - year 18.12 it was s'lnilbVVib year 1 S3 it wan 5 mills; for thf 1M14 it was six mills: for the f IbHa it wbk 5 mill Ti,,.. , lieved that the Democratic party of the State could bo induced by them to adopt tho principle of the gold standard, and to test the matter they put forward for the Democratic nomi nation for Governor an excellent, up right, Christian gentleman and able lawyer, Ifon. H. C. McCabe, of Virks- bnrg. J hey did not want a free si I ver man for Governor; they made the light against -me for that reason, and Senator Murray F. Smith is one of the men who-engaged in that fight against mo. It was Bald by them that when they went out upon a campaign of educa tion and explained the matter the party would adopt their gold standard ideas. While the party had always been a blmetalist party the question had never before been put to them thus in this State. I was one of those who believed in the gold and silver money of our fathers being given equal treatment by the govern ment, and that we need all the gold and silver money obtainable for the transaction of the vast volume of business of this unequnled country. I went before the people, as did my friend Mr; McCabe, and we discussed the question. It became apparent before tho time set for the State con vention that my nomination would be unanimous; that the people be lieved with me on this question, and Mr. McCabe withdrew and I was unanimously nominated. I was elected in November and inaugurated on the 21st day of January, 1896. THK ATTACK BKO.VN BV A GOLD BUG I had not been in the Governor's office two and a half months before the New Orleans Picayune, through its Jackson correspondent, began the attack on me because of my financial opinions. Tlio attack commenced with a misrepresentation of fact, charging in substance that in bor rowing 1. "ill, for the State from a bank in Vicksburg, I had refused to accept silver, thereby discounting my faith in tlie efficacy of silver as a money. This charge, Col. Jones, an elegant and accomplished gentleman, the president of tho bank with whom I negotiated the loan, immediately refuted by an explicit denial. The denial, by a sound money man, was so explicit and the refutation so com plete that further assault was held in abeyancefor the lime. As time passed on and my inability to appoint every applicant for office was supposed by those men who were ready to assail the administra tion on any pretent or quasi pretext to be sufficient to unite in opposition those who were disgruntled because disappointed they made their com bine, not for just and legitimate criti cism of a Democratic administration, but for vilification and abuse. , KANKS THE PAPERS. Chief amon my assailants I find the New Orleans . Picayune, the Greenville Times, the Vicksburg Post, the Vickflmrs Herald, the Commercif-Appeal, the New Orleans States, the Memphis Scimitar and the Jackson News. All of these papers Are avowedly opposed to my financial views, except that the commercial-Appeal claims to he for bi inetalism, but its proprietors are not so, and it supported Patterson against Onrmiiek, (he former free silver edi tor. The nominnl editor of the Jack son News is a harmless man if left to himself, who allows his paper to be made tho medium of abuse whieh I lo not believe his conscience en rses. if indeed he Ju not formiuJ them to write his conscience away, Of those who write iismiuIim upon mi forlhe Jackson .News, and manufac ture tho statements upon which they predicato their assaults, are K. S. Wilson, who refused to vole the ticket in lKiHi .because of the free sil ver platform, linil ex-Governor l.owry, who whs so eulogized by Sunatui Murray Smith in the speech here which they say was the opening ol the campaign. I here exhibit the manuscript for one of the articles writ ton by ex-Governor l.owry for tho News, in his own handwriting and on his own letter heads, and even tho News had not gone so far at that time that it would print it without cutting some of it out. Senator Murray Smith was selected to mako the opening speech of the campaign. The selection was un apt one. There have been very few apt things done by them in their tirades of abuse and vililicatlon, but the se lection of Mr. Smith to open the campaign for them was exceedingly apt. Their principal causes of of fense against mo are that I am u bo liover in and an advocate of free sil ver; that I desiro tho Y. A M. V. H. R. Co. to be made to pay their lawful taxes like other people, and that I appointed a new set of men to com pose the lovee board. Mr. Smith is opposed to freo silver; he is attorney for the Y. fc M. V. K. R. Co., and he is an exponent of tho old levee board ring. So you can see the aptness of his selectien to open tho campaign. The occasion was advertised and it was heralded that Mr. Smith would pass through Jackson on the morn ing train the il o'clock train. Kx Gov. l.owry met him and held a con sultation with him at the depot, and boarded the train and rode with him to the State street crossing, about a half mile, K. S. Wilson went on to Meridian, and tho campaign was opened with Mr. Smith's speech. SMITH CHARGED WITH AN ATTEMPT TO Kt'BOIiX PERJURY. Refore proceeding further let me read you a paper that recently came into my possession, and give you some facts connected with it, and loti these speak for the character of their campaign as well as tho character of the man selected to open it. When I speak of their campaign I have no reference to those gentlemen who signed the invitation to Mr. Smith to speak here. I do not think that the signers of that invitation expected Mr. Smith to pervert an invitation from Democrats into an occasion for tho abuse of a Democratic adminis tration. I have a son-in-law living in Vicks burg, Mr. Robert L. McLaurin. On Monday evening, the 2uth day of De comber, 1808, three days before Mr. Smith was to speak here, a negro named Georgo Sutton came to Hob McLaurin, in Vicksburg, wilh this type-written paper, which I now read : Statu ok Mississippi Sliarkey Co. Personally appeared before me, the undersigned, a justice of the peace in and for the county of Warren and) Stale of Mississippi, George Sutton, who, being duly sworn, deposes and says: That he is the father of Jerry Sutton, and that the said Jerry Sut ton was convicted of manslaughters tho Circuit court of Sharkey county, and sentenced to the penitentiary for a term of years. Affiant further states that shortly after Hon. A. J. McLaurin was inau gurated Governor of Mississippi that lie published a petition for the par don of his son, and presumably went to Jackson and presented tho same to the Governor; that the Governor did not give him any decided answer and he left the Governor's office; that during tho conversation hud by the affiant with the Govornor in his office, that affiant recollects that Mr. Wal ter McLaurin either came into the office in Jackson, Miss., or was in the Governor's office, and, shortly after leaving the Governor's office and near the capitol, ho was mot by the said Walter McLaurin and was asked if he desired to have his son par doned, and he answered of course ho did, and that said Walter McLaurin then answered him, that if he would pay him cash and !j75' after his son was pardoned that his son would be pardoned. Affiant further states that after the lapse of some four or five weeks he went to Jackson to see about the pardon of his son, and again met Sfr. Walter McLaurin, and that Mr. Wal ter McLaurin told him that if be would pay the fflUO to his broker, Mr. H. J. McLaurin, at Rolling Fork, that it- would be the same thing as if he had paid it to him, and t hat as soon as the money was paid his son would be pardoned. Affiant went home and hauled cot ton to Rolling Fork and delivered the same to the said II. J. McLaurin to the amount of $110, and shortly thereafter bis son was pardoned. Sworn to and subscribed before me this, day of , lS'JS. This paper, you will notice, is neither signed nor sworn to. . George Sutton on the same even ing made and attached to this type written paper the ' affidavit which I will now read to you, and which is as follows : State of Mississippi Warren Co. Personally appeared before mo T. V. McAllister, a notary public, in and for the city of Vicksburg, in s!d county and state, the within named George Sutton, who, being duly sworn, deposes and says : That h Is the father of Jerry Sutton, and that n,..o,.i.l oppv Sni tnn was convicted of manslaughter in tho circuit court of Sharkey county and sentenced l tantinrv for n term of years; that his son was defended in .h cir cuit court of Sharkey c-mitty by Mr. ir t MMiTirln nnd that for hi ser- -i.ou oq lia nllnrner tllht he liaid Mr. McLaurin one hundred and ten dol lars ($110); that after Ins son was convicted an-f sent lo tho peniten tiary he secured the services of Mr. H. J. McLaurin to petition for his r,o.jAn miH airreed to nav him fifty dollars for this work; that his son was pardoned, and that he is yet due the fifty dollars. That Walter McLaurin never knew anything whatever about the matter, nnr AiA he lmvo anvthinc to do wilh It except one day in Jackson, where i ha sffian had trone to nresent tin petition to the Governor, be met Walter McLaurin, whom lie knew when he lived in Sharkey county, and that said Mr. .McLaurin asked him what he was doing out there, and when he told him ho (affiant) asked hlui to help him, and Mr. Wal ter McLaurin told him that he had better see Mr. If. J. McLaurin, and had nothing further to do with it. Alllant further states that he is'an Ignorant negro and cannot read, and that the attached blank affidavit wus handed to him by a Mr. Dewess, a clerk in the store house on the Helena plantation, in Sharkey county, which Is owned by Mrs. Geo. C. Harris, and Is managed and con trolled by Dr. George C. Harris, ana that ho was told by Mr. Dewess that Dr. Georgo C. Harris hud Instructed him to deliver the paper to him with bis transportation to Vicksburg, and that there he was to meet Mr. Murray F. Smith, and that he was to go with Mr. Smith before a justice of the pcaeo ami mako affidavit to said at tached paper and deliver it to Mr. Smith. That on tho train coming down from Rolling Fork for this pur poso ho fell in with two colored friends and showed them tho paper and asked them to read it lo him and that they did so. That he realized at once that the facts stated in said attached pliper were not true, and that the impression Intended to be mado thereby was false. And that on tho advice and in tho company of said friends he carried tho paper and gave it to Mr. It. L. McLaurin and explained the circumstances to him, and that after same was fully under stood all around this affidavit was voluntarily made to set out the trut state of facts as to this whole mattr.. Affiant further slates that nevei did either Mr. II. J. McLaurin or Walter McLaurin promise him a pardon for his son, or that they would get him a pardon, but Mr. H J. McLaurin did agree to get up a petition nnd assist him as best he could in the matter. Witness my signature this, the 20th of December, A. D. 1S!)8. his George X Sutton'. mark. Witnesses : A. H. Booth, K. N. ScuniiER. Sworn to and subscribed before m this, the 2(th davof December, A. D 18118. T. V. McAmstek, Notary Public. Did ever the genius of slandei descend to deeper degradation? The fulso ex parte affidavit of an illiter ate, ignorant negro sought to blast the reputation of the Governor, and to reflect shame upon every citizen of tho state. An effort to cut through tho honor and good name of the state in order to strike a chlof executive who will not bend to the old lovee ring with its defaulting treasurer and absconding treasurer, and tho V. ifcM.V.B. K.Co. And yet this is the man who pre faced his insinuations against me with the expression, "It is with pain and regret that I say it." Yet this is the man selected to open the cam paign against me, not for the State of Mississippi. .1 received this paper and affidavit on the evening of the 27th of Decem ber, after supper, but I was not will ing to say that even the spirit of malice had sunk so low, on tho affi davit alone of an Ignorant negro, sup ported though it was by tho palpable circumstances, and I wrote the next day to Dr. Harris a letter calling his attention to what Sutton had sworn as to the manner of his possession of the paper, and inquiring of him "if Sutton's statement in reference to tho way in which the paper came into his possession" was "true, and what, if unything," be "had to do with the paper." I will read to you his replv. Here it is : Mont Helena, Miss., Dec. 30, 1898. His KxecUoucy, Governor of Missis sippi, Hon. A. J. McLaurin: Dear Sir I have your letter of the 28th inst., wherein you advise me that George Sutton went to Vicks burg last Monday, bearing a type written form of affidavit, with alleged instructions from mo, communicated through some third party, to sign the same before a magistrate, and that I gave him or caused to be given him his transportation. You then ask whether Sutton's statement of the way in which the affidavit reached him be true, and what, if anything, I had to do with the paper. For an swer I have to say that Sutton 'a statement, so far as it relates to me or to my concernment in the mutter, directly or indirectly, is untrue. Your mention of a clerk has led me to refer tho letter to my son, with request that he examine his clerks and submit memorandum of any thing known to him or coming to him from clerks relating to the mat tor. I enclose his reply, which I hope you may find satisfactory, Hij Statement is fortified in one point (that touching the matter of trans portation) by a memorandum from Mr. West, bookkeeper, which I en close. Hy today's mail I shall send your letter to Hon. M. F. Smith, with request for information for you! uao, as to how e obtained the fact! alleged in the affidavit, and ask his permission to send it to you. Very truly and respectfully, Geo. C. Harris. I read now a letter which Dr. Har ris enclosed with his letter to me. Mr. Helena, Miss., Dec. 29. Dr. Geo. O. Harris: My Dear Father I am just now in receipt of your letter asking soni6 questions in relation to tho matter mentioned in the Governor's letter. Some time ago I do not recall the exact date I was in the post office at Mont Helena when the affidavit re ferred to came to me in a large en velope having in the corner the ad dress of Miller, Smith it llirsh, with request, for immediate delivery. I delivered it to Sutton, and at his request read it to him. He asked some questions as to how he should proceed. 1 answered, saying it was a serious business and he had better go slow, and said 1 did not wish to have enything to do with it. He wnnted to go at once and qualify to the affirmations i f the paper. This I discouraged. On Christmas eve he came and borrowed $1 .50 from me He is one of a hundred or mor who ask for and get small loans f r Christmas. If Sutton lias ever signed the docu ment I do not knowit;'up to now I supposed tho matter had dropped. 1 had nothing to do with tho paper or the signing of it, and I regret that my namo should have been used in this connection. Your affect lunate son, Gro, C. Harris, Jr. Mr. Murray Smith is a member of the firm of Miller, Smith & llirsh mentioned in this letter. 1 have trespassed somewhat upon your patience, to show there Is no doubt of Mr. Smith's connection with this slandering paper. .Now a few words as to this pardon. I was not in my offlco when tho peti tion for pardon of Jerry Sutton was received, as tho following from Mr. Coman, private secretary, will show: January 1), ISK'J. Gov. A. J. McLaurin, Jackson, Miss., Sin In response to your Inquiry I can say from my memory In connection wilh the record kept by mo in tho of fice, that I absolutely know that you wero not in the office between the 21th and 2'Jth of January, 18'."!, and I know from dale of filing', written by me, that Jerry Sutton's application for pardon was received in the office by mo on the 28th of January, lS'Jti, during your absence on account of sickness. Respectfully, J. J. COMAN. Walter McLaurin stated to me that he does not rememberGeorge Sutton ; and II. J. McLaurin, to whom I wrote about the matter, writes me, in substance, that he defended Jerry Sutton, who was charged with mur der, for which George agreed to pay him 2(KJ with lo per cent, interest, for which he took two notes, and one of them has been paid and tho other unpaid, and when Georgo offered to employ him to assist his son to get a pardon he told him he owe 1 him more then than be could pay, and he would do what he could to getaj lb son a pardon without fee. The convict was a one-legged ne gro, whose leg had been ainputased before arrest, and Capt.J.J. Kvnis presented an application to the hoard of control to recommend him for par don, on my promise to the father of the convict, in the presence of (.'apt. Evans, to pardon him if the board would recommend it. The board recommended the pardon, as may be seen on tho minutes of the board, and I thereupon pardoned him. AN' IMPORTANT STATE l.-SI'E. Now my fellow citizens, I will un cover one of the most important state issues that we have to meet. It is also one of the most dangerous, be cause there will be a concerted and persistent effort throughout this campaign opened hero by Mr. Smith to cover it up under r.buse by them of your chief executive. Tho Illinois Central R. R. Co. practically owns the Y. t M. V. R. R., and the company, the Y. fc M. V. R. R. Co , owes more than a million dollars of back taxes in this Stato that will exempt them from the pay ment of these taxes. If they could but create a nucleus of such senti ment, and out of that elect a major ity of tho legislature while public at tention was decoyed away to some other subject, and at, the same time elect a Governor who would appoint supreme judges in harmony with such sentiment, it might serve their purposes. Don't lot them say now that I am reflecting upon the judic iary. We have an honorable judic iary, but honorable and able men may have their minds trained to think in certain channels. UEEERS TO JUDGE COOPER. Just here allow me to digress : The effort of Mr. Smith to prejudice the frionds of Judge Cooper, by a palpa ble misconstruction of what I said at Hazlehurst, is far fetched about on a par with his effort to prejudice the school teachers of the State when my official acts show that I am the steadfast friend of t tie common schools. I did not intend to reflect upon Judge Cooper. I did not think then and do not think now, that there is any reflection on Judge Cooper, but if there is any reflection it is not my language that does it. I say what I believe when 1 say that Judge Cooper decided impartially between the rail road and people, when he was on the bench, liis legal mind had not been trained in railroad employ. The 1. C. R. R. Co. had a great suit, involv ing more than a million dollars, be fore the Supreme court, and a propo sition was made to Judge Cooper, while he was supreme judge, to ac cept a law partnership with a lawyer of the I.C. R. R. Co., in Memphis which would make hi.n a lawyer for that railroad company, and Judge Cooper tendered his resignation to accept that offer. His resignation was accepted and ex-Gov. Lowry re quested me to let him procure the return of the resignation to me, and to investigate the eligibility of Judge Cooper for reappointment, which I did, and on investigation 1 found that Judge Cooper was ineligible, not. being a resident of the district from which the appointment, was to he made, having ceased to vote at Hazle hurst, but voted in Jackson. I do not think it a reflection that the railroad company regarded him as an incorruptible judge, nor do 1 think it a reflection that he accepted employ ment I y the railroad company ns an attorney. When the question of the liability of the Y. .t M . V. R. R. Co. f.rtxc pre.-entcd to. and decided by. I lie Supreme court, the most -niei'ipcrnte denunciation of that tribunal wis ut tered. It was denounced as highway robbery, ami, of course, the Supreme court was. therefore, a robber. The Commercial-Appeal of Mem phis, in a milder tempered a'ti''!e. of IVcemhcr Koth. 18'.'. which reads liUe the product ion of an able lawyer, to correct my information that tiie I. C. railroad carried loaded cera earning revenue v.h.ie the ones incurring expense carried over the Y. Ar M. V. concludes with this uttemr.ce ei.qv.y w ere n. r., The Illinois Central people have not oi been liberal, but lavish in their ! v vestments in MisMSMppi, n'.ul t ::e tale should keep f:iith in every ) ar ticu:ar. y ieiding whenever is ai'j- !oul ! . " There isno d-. 'i t. j'.ut if there were d-mi I why shotd-l the state Vie'd its laxn-c sovereignty over the I. C. R. R. Co. because of' d'lllht ? The rule is that where there is doubt exemption from taxation is denied, because if you ex empt oiin person from taxation others uiiit pay hi tunes for iilni, and it is abhorrent to natural right to make one person pay another's taxes, and i-pecially whenever that other is much abler lo pay taxes. This rule of doubt is applied to the widow who supports her orphan children with the labor of her hands, and why (hoiild it not be applied to the I. C. H. It. Co.? 'lake this lawyerly written edi toiii.l of a paper, outside of the stale, that Is enlisted for the railroad against the collection of its taxes; mid the fact that the railroad direc tors rejected a settlement advised by Its nUc-.t general counsel, and tho fact that it is fighting with the bit terness never before known in this state, the Governor who dared to re commend to the legislature the re peal of statutes that were and are be ing pros! it uted to the delay of just, equitable and lawful taxes, and the fic-t that their attorney, Mr. Smith, selected to open the campaign, de rided the recommendation of the Governor to repeal these perverted statutes, when he said, in speaking of this recommendation, that the legislature "paid no attention what ever to this recommendation," and many other palpable circumstances, and you can see that while they are attempting to decoy public atten tion oway, the real issue is to avoid the payment of their taxes. They say they aru not fighting mo, that tiie men who are fighting me are their attorneys, and that they Late nothing todo'wiih it. Yes, when one of Caesar's followers eaid to hi in that he could have i'mni ay's head cut off while at dinner, if ( 'aesar desired it d'.ne, Caefcar replied, "you ought to have done that and not have let me known it. " Let u examine Mr. Smith's state ment that no attention was paid to the recommendation for the repeal of tho statutes. Mark you, a jury had found on the unquestioned evidence that thpRailn.ad company had earned 9 per cent in one year on actual cest of const ruct i " ri . A bill ia-i intiodiictd in the senate to repeal the statutes and referred to corporations coiuni ittee. S-'e Senate journal, ls'.H, p. b'u. It was rrported without recommendation p. P -11-212. It was made special order for Mon day, p. 2-"il. It waj recommitted to tho same committee p. iuO. It was re ported a'.'ain bv the committee, with re -cioi.en.kitiun th.it it d ' I a.-s p. p. oUl .j. It was !tjfsit u a-Je a et ecial order, p. 311. It v.n passed by a vote of 23 to 8, p. :m. It reconsidered and iudefiuiteiv post ponc-d by a "oto of 19 to 18, p. ail. Wtu-n Mr. Smith will make such a sut-iueut in the face of a record what credeuce can be given his statements made on rumors nnd conjeuturt-s where there is no record? Let us examine the claim of the Y. & M. V. R. K. Co., to exemption from taxation. .Mr. Smith is shocked, because, as be claims, I wanted the legislature to take the case out of the hands of the courts by repealing the statutes. Tlie case is decided by tho supreme court against the claim of exemi tion, and now the Maiphis Appeal, representing tlie Raiiroad company in tl e lawyer liko article meniu ncd. wants to take the cafe out of the courts, and as there is no federal ipHstion in it there is no place for it to go except to the domain of polities, and accordingly an attor nev of the Railroad coin; any was se lected not by the signer of the invi tation here tu pen the campaign w ith "some rigures furnished" "by a care ful, painstaking and capable gentle man." So more than Mr. .-mith took part in the preparation of his speech. Listen here to the Memphis Appeal: "While it ie usuallv safe for laymen to affiiiiue that the courts arrive at correct conclusions of the law and fact this ease pes-cses so man? peculiari ties." etc. Theie is nothing peculiar if the rule which solves doubts against exemption from taxation is applied to a, laborer, mechanic, lawyer, doctor, tradesman or merchant; but if it it applied to tlie V. M. V. R. R- com pany it is peculiar. It is not peculiar if a'farmer is required bv the courts, but if the Y. A M. V. K. R. company is asked to Bubmit to the constitution it is peculiar. Away with such pecu liarities ! RAILROAD HI3TORY. The Y. Jc M. V. R R. company (is now organized and existent, cams into being ill lSl'i', under the reign i f our present constitution, by section sl of which it cannot have exemption from taxation. The const i! nt n n is plain; the law of creation of corporations is plain; and there would bi nothing peculiar about it if it was the case of a common merchant, or tauiier, or law yer, or mechanic. But there was in 1S70, in the act to incorporate the Mobile and .Northwest ern R. K. company a section, 21, to exempt that company from taxes until its earmrys enabled it to pay H per cent dividend on the cost of construc tion, and it is declared that this sec tion was carried through successive charters and railroad companies until it icached tho U S. O. A' T. K. K. company, (bant this, for the sake of the argument, 't hen twu propositions aie true. 1. Tho exemption is declared by sec tion 21 to be in consideiation of the building of the taiiio.id. 2. Good faith on the part of the rail n ad company required tho building of the road to lie as econoiniucal as pos sible, consistent with efficiency and a fair volur.taiy t xhihit of its Cost and earning without the necessity of a re sort to ihe courts by the state. Hut tiie read was bu.lt before the L. N. O. Jfc T. company was created and therefoie it could not have given the consideration required, that is, the building of the road, for the rxeegj -tion. More, the road was Unit bvae N. O. 1!. K. Y. A. M. K. K. comms, that never had or claimed an eybiup ti on. As I have said, if the taxes are talon off the raiiroad company they !!;n-l he pill en li.e tax paers, for th iol nev invessa-'y to defray iheexpo s oljlb government thai il may prof tlie r perty of this raiho.id con." as wcii as nf others, must be i'i i w. good faith is jint as P:t due lo tliee laxpayirs as to thi ri ad compatn --the oi, d hi-' state an I of t i'c r.ti iiea.t c due to li'.e-i,. ;;cn t ! e on pany pi I'.cs of e;ood to. , t 1 come w itij ci, no l,a,:,,s I of t ix s was ti ,i;:l : c . slo ui vs ' i th.- pc -p ear.i p.r ceot n :h strui'inn of its i - ' nu-e: - e'Vi ir.t ? cil n poj the c s ten i!o the s. . p w t'h different railroad corporation when the road iu "-u)U bull" had a mistaken idea thai the. t- M of iiicnrpnriiliun under which . were buiidinif entill'd llmm t" tion from luxes 'i'lo-v, then' Journal of theniselvcB u I- uiancial I pruvuiuciit Company, .mother artitiii person, and contracted wilu it, there, tailing tho money out of one of thei, pockets and putting it lu the other. , 'j hev IsBiitnl bonds aud gave them to this' financial company, to themselfes, to the amount "f tenty tuousand dol lars U mile, and claimed to be eiempt from Uialiou until b per rent dividend! was earned on this twenty thousand dollars a mile. The cost of construc tion was not more than bulf that amount. The records in the auditor'a onion show that it was assessed, to KH. at ten thousand dollars a mile, including station houses, ill Cuuhonia count v, and seien thousand five hun dred dollars a mile, including atation houses in Tuni.-a county, for leveo taiee. 1 have not examined the as KHSment of other counties. It is the best l aving Joiul in the state, and it is of tahie equal to every dollar spent in its construction. In adddition to the twenty thousand dollars a mile bonds, they gave to the 1 inancial Improvement company to tii-mseUes three hundred and fifty thousand dollars of the bonds of lioli var con lit V, aud of the cities, of Green ville and VicKsburg, as a bonus. Good faith, indeed , Here are two of the items or cost of construction : li. T. Wiison s commissions fl Kj.ouu. Original cost, of venture, franchise etc, id:., :m.;7. . li. ''. Wiison was the president ol the niilioad comi any, and it is im possible to conjeituie how commis sions paid him could be made cost, "in the ci ustru -tion of said road." The net nr, tits rraiizwl by the rail road c mpany as shown in the suit to which the state was compelled to re sort w ere : for 1";'2.. Kor -..:p. J-or lsjl.. For lSit'i. t 591,fy?.X .... 1,100.87.00 .... HH2.37a.0O .... l,07S,iji7.OO Anil this when the same company wned tni-t aud tho I. C. road, and were interested in giving all of tb businisa obsible to the L C. t' keepi rom appearance i f earning 8 per cent, dividend. M -re cotton was shipped out the V. A M . V. I.e-ause more is made there, but how about freight! ihe plea that the I. C. company uae been lavish in its investments in Mis sissippi is nor good. They have not t een as lavish iu investments of their nnans for Mississippi as the man who has cleared a farm aud settled a home, or ti e laborer who has invested bis toil: for out of their abundance the I. C. company i ast in, while like the widow who Lave two mites, out ol liieir pentirv titew laboring people have "ca.-t iu all tne living that they Lad." ,H1G1-: WHITFIELD'S OPINION. Bv an unanswerable opinion Judge Whitfield ilemcnstrati s that the rail road company is p-gally liable for taxes; by the' find of a jury, the rail road company has long since earned 8 I cr cent on the cost of construction of the read; the large property they have in this sfi'e not for charity of the state, but for revenue for their coffers, is protected bv the laws nf the state, and by several e'etc-Dts of fairness they ought tu pay their own taxes. Mr. Smith was so unfair and un candid as to sav that. 1 stated in my speech at ilazlelim'st that I had com pelled the 1. A M. V. railroad com pany to pav back taxes. 1 will give uiv exact language at Hazlehurst. Here it is: "Une of their specifica tions is that my administration is driving railroads out of the country, because I want the I. C. R. R- com pany and the Y. A M. V. R. U. com pany to pav their taxes as we pay ours." I then stated in substance jhat 1 had appointed the successor to Juilge Cooper and I referred to mf ...o . ...igi- itviuiiuieiiUini! ins repeat o li e lOiitnli's I. have mentioned, and for t ie reai-i.) 1 have mentioned. Witti these exposures of Mr. Smith it lancet I" mvs-aty ti refute any the:- statement of ! is' and when 1 do i i y hi may taiic i' as being on the iii;;i of the man who beat the dead uake. lo shoiv him that tnere is Bucli a thine as punis.i iient after death. 'J lie 1 liuois ( cnti.il Raiiroad coin pa iy if I Ley could hereby succeed in riei'ting a' legislature and governor, that it on id be s.ibscrvic:it to their p:.visfor s-rivniug tliem from the pay ment of the taxes they so justly owe the elate and ouuutii s could well af ford to spend a quarter of a million i..l'a for the campaign of abuse and viiiiicauon i p-md by their attorney. ! a:n ii ' inimical to railroads. I am friendly t them. When in my power I have shii'khd laiiroad coa;p from o.r.just IrgisialiiM, just as " shielded t!ie cmiiuoiu people if ch us 1 L.r-e been abiii to do. W railroads serve the people for aid" c nnpepsarion they tii-ug-i nod will have th and support of the pep e rai !r c;d i oni an uls ool hi. a tiiat they are entit ' i il lit1 and h igher con i;ir r e rs, I- edslatiin t't.us the common 1 e ,-. arc rich and poNetnl. b 1 -. me the master-" of tl ars a menace to person: a uMT.oieo lo that eqnu on which our goc lishud. and they vv 1 1 ' AH OUT Tl' When I wus hv Mississippi, wtr to the levees I t he levee beat Smith critic before 1 w leveo hoar ro en kir sa' were ter1 tics win lv anv ollicin lean: 1- i tic I I-'