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Ul66lSim SAlUiiDAY, DECEMBElt 8, 1900.
f TITJES. 1 lines P i Newspaper issued in . .'ilied by : ;" , 5 PubHshingCornp'ny . Opposite Poatoffice. k Two Polliirrt a V scriplion. Five ( Delivered t bv Carrie r. Littered at the Pootoffice at (ireenTille, Mississip pi, m Second-Class Mail Matter. ii T. ci;c satUbd:. This ll ' principle f civ i- , fonc'iKO expresses.; . Business .Manager. CUMBER 8. 1900. A PL'ELIC crncE is a nxuc TRUST ! 1 the announcement of no new I 1 was but the embodiment in f ( . ; -rehenttion of the fundamentals i f !' : ! vornment as old as organized Hin:u-!y ; ,;f. This ace can not arrogate toil- ; 'ci.licr the discovery of this basic truth r it first application to civil life ; imh f I Icky most plausibly contends that the 1: Mn civilizations were, -far superior in civic vir'iH'H lotli. ;rmd(;rn ones we designate as Chris tian. It i imt in tii (jire:ialion "f the value of this es- ecntial trulli, n a nitre ah -tract concept of the pliosopher . indulging m i he p:i'iiim of framing theoretical cifwti- tut ions, but i th-r in i!M practical upplica inn to the con dUct of tl e nal uil.ti!;i ( ( government, that society real - - '' izea the h t-hts acm.ifg from an honest administration of ' its public function. The v. in.!.- nictory of the framing of a system of gov , ernment f"r the IYi'.'r.d union shows that from the very inception of the m jveincut the efforts of the founders of this repu1 lie were vaiin-ftly directed; towards evolving a ,' echeme b w.lu-h ti.e honest administration of public office was to. he perpetually assured totliSir posterity. The . ' iinwenrj i. n di-tet mliuiion f ttiote whose counsels finally prevailed, in provide by short terms and frequent elections g saffjiumd iitr:iii rt the possibility erf long continued nial ' feuaice in office. In-nis testimony to their realization that in it 3 hist iii.aU sis the smvess of suchia plan of govern i ment as (Mirs depeniis upon the degrctot integrity with ' which, the uiiies of he various o(Eces,riecessary to its eon duct be di-eharsred. In ju-t mi fa. us thev have been impressed by observa "Ttion with ilm probability of Americans jealously detnand ' ins the stiii test probity in their public officials, in just such degi i e have the great foreign commentators upon the Amei lean system of government argued the possibility ot the perpetuity of American institutions. Neatly sev enty year njso the firt of these began his study of our institutii i-, and though time has failed to stamp its ap proval upon the wisdom of some of his conclusions, yet y many of De -Tocquevillo'ii observations are full of force and "truth today. Iu. commenting upon the corruption and i vice of officials under a democracy, and the consequent effect um ii public morality, he writes: "A distinction must be made, when the aristocratic and the democratic prinIeK-:'lIv inveigh against each otbei, as tending --"""i'l aristocratic governments the individual who are pJL the head of affairs are rich men, who are solely desirous of power. In democracies :, ' itiev have their fortunes to make." He con- , eludes that officials in democracies are more accessible to corruption. "Many of the men wno have been in the ad- " ministration of France during the, last forty years have been accused of making their fortunes at the expense of , the state; . a reproach which was rarely ad dressed to the public characters of the ancient monarchy. Iu the United States I have often heard the - probity of public officers questioned ; still more frequently have I heard their success attributed to low intrigues and " iuittiornl practices." In comparing the effect of corrup tion in officials upon the people of aristocracies and dem K.'rt.cie, he concludes, that' while in the former their ' morality may be directly assailed, "in the latter an indi- "rect influence is exercised upon the people which is still !, more to le dreaded." ' ' . It i just here that the evil consequences incident to a Hick of si rict probity in officials may be most harmful in the ' effect' upon the public mind. Unless the lapse lie too flagrant to let pass, we see men who have been Vpiaced in office by the votes of a majority or through the -. i W' hiimtions of a faction pursue witn impunity practices 'absolutely criminal in character. Through factional ap peals men come to feel that they must support their par ticnlar official and lend him countenance, regardless of what. he does. '.. In turn, the official, - probably haying secured" his . place through 'low int ngues and immoral practices," proceeds "to pil 1 lagr the public purse and vend tha- favors of the state," nor scruples at discharging his private political obligations at the ex tiense of public f nnds. Who lis responsible for such abuses of official position ? The public, almost solely. Such practices obtain only in those hlates and communities wherein through habitual contemplation the public conscience has become so seared, ..and the. public sense of .iccency. and propriety so dulled, as fo be ready to &' : t in justification the plea of one par- t or faction that the other would possibly do worse, if only in (Miwer. ... The public, however, never remains quiescent for any great length of time. We have seen revolts against TamiiiHiiy in New York and gagging at Bimilar methods nearer home. Of one thing every public official may rest n -ied: that so surely as the day comes after the night will his every official act sooner or later be laid bare that the only course of permanent safety is in the practice of private honesty in public place that a public office is a ""public trust and material interest of the South, its very name became most naturally an object of hatred and contempt to the Southern white man. So strongand universal and so well founded was this feeling that connection with or sympa thy for the Republican party meant practical ostracism. With the gradual passing of years, particularly sub sequent to the revolution of 1875-76, a considerable change has come over that party in its altitude toward things South ern, until the gratifying spectacle is afforded the country of a Republican president opposing, privately at least, the reduction of Southern representation because of the protective methods which some Southern states have been forced to adopt in self defense. . Yet to a great degree the idea that there can be but one respectable political party in the South still obtains, and the Southern people are still in bondage to this senti ment. That this is opposed to Undemocratic principle of free thought, essential among a self governing people, is a proposition which no man who knows anything of the theory upon which our civil institutions are founded will attempt to deny. In uiscussing the possibility of the success of a seces sion movement Mr. Jefferson did notforsee the probable existence of an issue so largely geographical in its nature as not to yield to the treatment which he considered the corrective for all public evils, but which is dependent upon the existence of two parties "And even the states," said he, "in which local discontents might engender a commencement of fermentation, would be paralyzed and self-checked by that very division into parties into which we have fallen, into which all states must fall WHERKIN MEN ABE AT LIBEKTT TO THINK, SPEAK, AND act freely, according to the diversities of their individ ual conformations, and which are, perhaps, essential to preserve the purity of the government, by the censorship which these parties habitually exercise over each other." Even in the last election the man who dared to exer cise the light which the founder of the Democratic party considered most sacred and most necessary, was barked at by a yelping pack for a traitor and a renegade. The question urines, and it is not an idle one, are men in the South "at liberty to think, speak, and act freely' on political question., without being subjected to abuse and vilification? If as a result of this brief discussion of matter so important to the political well being of the South, even though yet but an abstract question, the Times be not taken to task for "base and traitorous lan gunge," we may be encouraged to feel that possibly the dawning century may inaugurate an era marked by freer thought than has characterized our people in the last quar ter of the one now drawing to its close. . . ..-!..!. Ida hallltt.H m;,i;i in r .Rrh of the boxes coniainuw - that wiped them out of power; and altogether have con- 1 . t I.iIa1 rn 1 Titian- ducted themselves in a manner mgniy cmcm.. .---sify the feeling of satisfaction generally entertained at the numbering of their days The press' dispatches gave the country the salient features of Mr Bryan's election article, in the current North American Review ; a careful consideration of the nHre mmer stamps it as about me wea est and most inane contribution that we have noticed in that magazine in many MR. BRYAN'! VIEWS. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. in- rr; .c an qui- ' i ( 1 JW we every i o cf goverr ! . M.bev siiliorl ;f 1 j.,isli:n,i and pfi'i-' T Through tbf - ; i .'i!v fostered dm r !' r:( r Heat ion The attitude of tfce Southern states ii onique, and in utter cc.?ravp'"t ion of ts!l theories ot republican, represen f nrriimtnt Asarcault of war and reoonstruc- . - ' " gence of a ered, as a condition i e of which the rever dreamed ' Iv-arise. We -t aw! every question of pub- r - siJeration the aocom- Mr. McKinley's message tells the country nothing new, nor puts a new phase on any old matters. Dealing largely with a review of the Chinese question, it is a very fair presentation of the history of that matter, but the Times has all along thought the president's policy to be weak in some essential particulars. These it has com mented upon as they have developed themselves. Touching the Philippine situation he stands on safe enough ground. We have never sympathized with any proposition to adopt any hard and fast plan for the treat njent of these islands. It is absolutely essential that peace and order be first restored . Until this be accom plished it is idle to talkTabbut picrrjising anything, either to the Filipinos or to ourselves in. their behalf. When peace shall have been finally accomplished it . will be proper to begin to frame some suitable form of territorial government for them not before. Pending this, proba bly nothing could be devised better than the administra tion of their affairs by a commission, as at present. As to Porto Rico, Cuba and the Hawaiian Islands, he does little more than report progress. He recommends an army of 60,000, with authority vested in the President to increase it to 100,000. We should much prefer to see a standing army of 100,000 men authorized at once. It is farcical to talk about a smaller army than this in a coun try the size of the United States, even if there were no need of a single soldier outside our continental limits. ' Like the Democratic platform, he talks of trusts but ignores the only means of circumventing them the me dium of tariff reform. On the ship subsidy and pension steals he comes out "good and- strong." He calls atten tion to the great goodness of 4is party in continually in creasing pension expenditures, and says: "The govern ment justly appreciates the services of its soldiers and sailors by making payments liberal beyond precedent to them, their widows and orphans." This is a fit compan ion piece to the utterances of the late Mr. Bryan on the same subject- What a contrast to both is presented by the following, from Grover Cleveland's second inaugural address I "The lessons of paternalism ought to be un learned and the better lesson taught that while the people should patriotically and cheerfully support their govern ment, its functions do not include the support of the people. - "The acceptance of this principle leads to a refusal of bounties and subsidies,, which burden the labor and thrift of a portion of our citizens to aid in ill-advised or Ian guishing enterprises in which they have no concern. It leads also to a challenge of wild and reckless pension ex penditure, which overleaps the bounds of grateful recog nition of patriotic service, and prostitutes to vicious uses the people's prompt and generous impulse to aid those dis abled in their country's defense." In urging legislation granting jurisdiction to the fed eral courts in cases of the lynching of foreigners, Mr. McKinley goes counter to all doctrines of state's rights. If the federal courts may interfere with state courts, and punish a citizen of the state for a crime committed upon a foreigner, then it might not be long before citizens of another state would also be included. We regard this its a dangerous extension of federal "criminal jurisdiction, end hope that a vjcn recommendation may ever be en acted Uto a statute. mars. In summing up the causes of Demo cratic dafeat Mr. Bryan says that the most notent was "the fear of a change." ne men euumoia th wenlthv classes, brokers, railroad magnates et cet, as those who were satisfied and opposed to a change of policy. This is an absolutely fair sample of his argu ments: "We favor an income tax the rich object to an income tax, and most of them threw their in fluence to the Republican ticket. They are on the con servative side j they have what they want and are opposed to a change." Why confine this conservatism and satis faction with existing conditions to the rich? Why not give the nearly 900.000 voters who constituted the plural ity against him credit for as much sense as tbe rich, and say "they have what they want and are opposed to a change," and thus account for his defeat? This would never do, for they would then have no need of a "trib une," to tell them what they needed and ought to have. Mr. Bryan divides voters into three classes: 1. "Those who will vote the party ticket regardless of whatthe party is doing, has done or will do ; that is, those who make THEIR CONVICTIONS SUIT THE TARTV PLATFORM." 2. "The independent voters, who are ready to support the icket which comes nearest to their ideals." 3. "The floating vote which can be influenced, directly or indi rectly, by purely pecuniary considerations." - How heartless the stab! How cruel the blow! And to think that this is from the idol of the South! Where does he class her vote? Not among those "influenced by purely pecuniary considerations;'" even he would not say this about us. Not among the independents, surely, else why all the prating about "Southern party loyalty," "submission to the platform," et cetera. Manifestly we belong in class one "those who make their convictions suit the party platform." And what has Mr. Bryan said about such as these? Time and again ho told the voters of the East and the North and the West (no need to tell the South for she was all right) that they should be inde pendent, should think and vote for themselves, and that blind obedience to platforms was unpatriotic and sub servient. But, as though he had not been severe enough upon the Southern voter, he goes yet further and says: "Of the three classes, the independent voter is the one TO whom, all intellectual and moral arguments are addressed." What arguments were addressed to the Southern voter? None. Mr. Bryan sat in Lincoln and fixed the platform, and the platform fixed the Southern voter. It was not thought necessary to waste argument, either intellectual or moral upon him. The cause of the result was a general revolt against Bryanism, and reduced majorities throughout the South ern states show that even here there were in Mr. Bryan's second class more voters than either he or his managers had reckoned on. - ' .J The followip-g.'irom tue leading Bryan paper in Mis sissippi, is somewhat in contrast to tbe railroad "coer cion" of which we beard so much recently. In almost every railroad station between the Mississippi river and the Bocky mountains notices have been posted during the last three months offering high wages for track hands. At $2 a day it was impossible to get a supply of this cheapest grade of manual labor. One reason was that it was easy, in Nebraska especially, to make from $2.60 to $3 .50 a day shucking corn. Many clerks got leaves of absence to go into the corn fields and work for a few days. Now the wages of railroad laborers in that region have risen from $2 to $2.50 with board, and the chances are that the figures may go somewhat higher, for the railroads can get few men to go into the mountains, where the work is severe in winter. Clarion Ledger. JNO; n. BAIRD, President. F, J. KOTO, Vice-President, J- D. i , Sbc. i . ThcBaird-SmithC rWHOLBALE GR0CER3, -DEALERS IN- Grain, Provisions, Etc Warehouse, on R. R. Ttack. Genetai Office, 23 Poplar Street. Prices Quoted on Application. GREENVILLE, - MISS If You arc Looking Cat Class, Watches, Clocks. for something New In Jcwcli We are prepared to interest you. Our line of Wedding and Birthday Presents cannot be excelled in the state. Call or eend your order. 331 Washington avenue. jfranh Btnber. THE ONLY SAFE WAY I H Santa Claus is Cautious when depositing inflammable pfa by the chimney, but Christmas fires are proverbial, as IheXmag tree and its flimsy ornaments of. ten create a big blaze, and the in surance companies have many hearts glad at Christ mas time by, paying policy hold ers a good round sum that come 'as a grateful holiday gift. Letus insure you in time; you may have cause to thank us. HENRY T. IREYS, JR., Fire, Life, Accident and Tornado Insurant The Times does not entirely agree with some of its friends in thinking the repeal of certain stamp taxes a good tning. we consider tbe stamp tax to be the most equitable and tqe easiest to pay of all internal revenue taxes. Affecting all classes in proportion to their ability. and paid in exceedingly small sums, it is not burthen some; to anybody but a lazy man or a constitutional kicker it is not inconvenient. And it is not true that its annoyance is out of all proportion to tho revenue it raises. THE BftAQE OP SENTIMENT. a supremacy. fhich the Republican .ruction era ; through its . .... . tnefftni ruin 10 me social Of all the miserable, despicablo pieces of political business that have come under the notice of the Times, the action of the gang constituting the Vicksbnrg remnant of McLaurinism is probably the worst. Staking their con tinued control of Warren county politics, which has meant so much to them in the past, upon the issue of a munici pal election, after putting forth all their energies they lost in the one really honest election held in that county ma long time. Chagrined at their (defeat, they have resorted to court proceedings, have had partisan officers attempt to force an entry into a private house at 1 The effort to induce Mr. McKinley to incorporate in his message a recommendation for the pensioning of ex- slaves tailed of its purpose. We have never believed that any such scheme would result in the good of the darkev it- 1 fA , . .... J ' us oenenis wouia certainly ue only temporary. With their propensity for spending, it would not take loner for tnem to part company with their pensions. Louisiana has adopted the plan proposed by Missis sippi ana nas purcnasea aoout iz,ouu acres of land. This constitutes two plantations, and the state will put her con victs to producing both cotton and sugar. For a nurelv agricultural state, this seems to be accepted as the best method of disposing of unskilled negro convicts. The Canal Commission has pronounced in favor of th rVinftrmrnn. rnntn. To tpoA tho. -- , .-uiouio ui engineers on the two Ideations, this and Panama, leaves the lay mind in contusion. About the only thing todoisto accept tne nndingp ot tne commission and be duly thank ful for a canal at either route. The . Times extends its sincere ' congratulations to Vicksburg upon the result of ite recent municipal election We believe the turning down of the crowd lately in con trol of Warren county to be a victory for good DoIihVa all over the state. What has become of the "investigation" of the sum. mer primaries of Coahoma, Warren and dne or two othnr counties, so solemnly heralded to the. country bv nnr famous executive committee! Is the prediction of Tho Times to come true? i 3C v - Season9! Mississipi Store Is the place in Greenville to tirade. As you sow, so shall you reap. Sow cents at the Mississippi Store and you reap dollars in bargains. Hundreds of people in Greenville will testify to the truthfulness of the above as sertion if called upon. But it is not necessary. As Monday is Bargain Day some one is finding this out. The goods w'e buy from bank rupt stocks are the same as you buy at the other stores at an advanced price. Today our house is crowded with goods and we are offering them at PRICES NEVER BEFORE HEARD OF Come and see us before you purchase your winter needs. Sanson's Mississippi Store. SOMMER RROS.. Tank Manufacturers And Woodworkers. Funeral Directors And Embalmers. At, i nf ;-" X'. r fab, s It': I Metallic, Cloth and Wooden Caskets,, and sCoffins, f " ana Linings Always in Slock,1" ; Telephone and Telegraph Orders Promptly Attended To. Telephone No. 4. w" hioht. What Pleases Santa Claus fs Sure to Please .Y The 'arbiter of fashion, the no disputed authority, these days, is "King Christmas" what he V goes. His finger . of Appro points to the stationary dj,m securable at - :" - ARCHER'S BOOK STC For Christmas gifts none c-a be, assured higher apprecis than the paper and envelopes sell in plain oi fancy boxes. I W. HABPEi fDOEWOODr 598E VALLET j-ktb cooper ; paul jone& ; ; r 1HK8E BR) Ana DAN'S. .! "Ia- JAMES JORDAN, Wholesale Dtter in KEG AND BOTTLED BEE" . tAgents For ...ChattacooT, Trewiai; Coc;