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THE TIMES: GREENVILLE, MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY, MARCH 9, 1901.
THE GREENVILLE TIMES. Established in 1863. Oldest Newspaper Issued in the Delta. Published by The Times Printing and Publishing Comp'ny Oflice on Main Street, Opposite Postoflice. Two Dollars a Year by Sub scription. Five Cents a week Delivered at Your Home by Carrier. Entered at the Pottoffice at Greenville, Mississip pi, as 8econd-Clas Mail Matter. H. T. CROSBY, Business Manager. SATURDAY, MARCH 9. 19011 3& The Rivers and Harbors Bill. The killing of a bill carrying as large an appropriation as did this, and one appealing, through its multitudinous provuaonn, to such varied and extensive interests, is likely to provoke almost as much comment because of the man aer in which it was accomplished as on account of actual concern over a conclusion so widely regretted. Looking at the bill as it 6tood, with its provisions for Porcupine Island, Sakonet Point, Mattituck Harbor, (where "the natural depth of water at the entrance is from one to two feet"). Carnarsie Bay. Flushing Harbor, Oak Orchard " Creek, Wilson Harbor, Swan Creek, and dozens of other - projects of similar size, each possessing a value eitner en . tirely imaginary or entirely local, we are brought face to . ace with what constituted at once the strength and weak ' aess of the measure in which we were so deeply concerned, j. v It ia a weakness of practically all popuIaT legislative r-'assemblies that the fewest number of measures proposed , are consiaereo Boieiy on meir uiclrs. iu a iciDiativc v'branch representing a country as large as ours, with the and often conflicting interests of its widely scat' ' tered sections to be looked after, this is particularly true. this country without having been carried through by trades and compromises, the enlistment of support by questionable means, or, perchance, a promise of pie from the White House. Of course, with a safe majority, this joes not always hold with a strictly partizan measure; though frequently even then. This is a condition which exists, and must be handled as best it may. The conse quence is, the nation at large not being yet educated up to the point of regarding, as it should, the Mississippi as national stream, we see projects of great moment to millions of people, having to do with the commerce of a Tast section of the continent, toucning tne commercial me of imperial cities, indissolubly bound up in the fata of a proposition to expend two thousand dollars upon the im provement of Oak Orchard ('reek. In seeking support for the betterment of the greatest commercial river of the world, as its friends are compelled to do, that support becomes itself an element of possible weakness, through the paltry interests which in itself it represents. The remedy! There is none, apparently, available just now. Until the truly national character of a stream as great as the Mississippi be realized, its friends must make the best of the methods used in the past, uncer tain and difficult to handle though they are. In connection with the bill just killed, two things are reasonably certain: Carter didn't honestly care a baubee about the bill, but was put up to his job as a piece of pitewoi k; the fate of the bill could have been averted, if it had possessed in the Senate friends as interested as those it left in the House. The Illinois Central and its Territory Chicago, March 1. Arrangements have been made whereby the Illinois Central Railroad Company and the National Good Roads Association will join hands in a scheme to educate the farmers along the line of the Illinois Central, between New Or leans and Chicago, in the building of good roads. The scheme ; provides for the running of a "goods roads special" between the Louisiana metropolis and this city and practical demonstrations by expert road builders. The 'special" will leave New Orleans about the middle of this month. It will be made up 01 eigne or nine cars, including a ouimissary coach and flat cars enough to carry the machinery re- qn'red in the building of modern wagonways. There will be men cut out in advanee wbo will work up mass meetings at specified points, interesting the farmers in the coming of the train and ex plaining the purpose of the visits. The train will make the trip between New Orleans and Chicago in about three months, stop ping at twenty or more points, at each of which the expert road Men will build about a mile of roadway. The advance agents will arrange with the farmers to have everything- ready for the practi- cal demonstrations when the "special" arrives," The farmers will , ke expected to provide the material te be used in the building. No railroad accomDlishes the full measure of its use fulnes?, either as a revenue producer or as a contributor to the unbuilding of the territory it traverses, until it has thoroughly identified its interests with those of that terri tory. The history of American railway development, wonderful as it is, furnishes nothing to surpass the achieve iccnls of the Great Northern, under the guidance of James J. Hill. Every step in that great record is but the counterpart of one in the progressive march of the eunlry tributary to the road. Mr. Hill adopted at the outset, and has consistently pursued, the policy of making tun mon cause with his patrons. To this end, not alone from the treasury of the road, but from his private purse as well, ho has established and maintained model farms, iairy.farms, experiment stations, farmers' institutes, and dozens of other adjuncts to agricultural development, along the line of his road. These, things hare been without money and without price to the farmers from end to end f the Great Northern ay stem. ' He has made personal ap . peals to the legislature of each of the states of the great north-west, for every legitimate form of agricultural en couragement, and his is not an unfamiliar figure at agricul tural institutes and fairs. The prosperity of the country has been the prosperity of the road, and now the latter has under way the construction of a line of steamers for deliv ering the products ot tho former to the teeming millions of the far east. - - W hat Mr. Hill and the Great Northern have done for the north-west, we hope to see Mr. Fish and the Illinois Central do for the country traversed by that road and its srultitude of branches. The L C, has, in the port and I arbor of New Orleans, an objective point greater than t'.e we.-tsrn terminus of the Great Northern. It passes t rot; ja a territory possessing superior natural advantages. It i i to the cottinued an 1 higher development of both the; port and the territory that we look, as a work in which the Illinois Central must play a part of ever increasing 1m portance. That the road is prepared to do this, no one, familiar with its general policy, doubts in the least We remember to have beard Capt. J. F. Merry once tay, at a convention worked up by him and his road, that the I. C. did not propose to run through a desert; that there was no money in running trains through a country to which and from which nothing could be hauled; that the more populous and prosperous the country traversed t he more money there was in it for the road. The policy of the road baa been in line with this declaration, but we hope to see a more active prosecution of the purpose then expressed. We trust that the Chicago dispatch quoted above, but announces the forerunner of other and greater works to follow. The road has expended hundreds ot thousands of dollars in bettering its facilities in New Orleans, and in now turning its attention more particu larly to the territory along its main line, we bespeak likewise for that along its greatest branch. The Passing of Lent Those who took the trouble to read the speech of Mr, Lentz, of Ohio, and we hardly think there are many who did, must have felt their natural satisfaction at the passing ot such a creature swell into a feeling of infinite pleasure-, as a result of its perusal. Very properly denied the priv ilege of delivering in the House a diatribe on the election of Mark Hanna to the Senate, Mr. Lentz had his speech printed in the Record. It is a wonderful deliverance Taking up about thirteen pages of the Record, it covers every phase of tne ever aisturhsd question or numan rights and liberties, and in a manner well calculated to suit the most exacting democratic taste. He quotes, and cop iously, from dozens of dead men, and as many live ones, He injects telegrams, letters, editorials and magazine arti- troduces "injunctions and "messages ' from Washington, Jefferson, Monroe, Lincoln, Jacksou, and host of others. Not content with all tbis, he incorporates the wonderful oration delivered by himself at the opening of the campaign which, so happily, terminated in his defeat. He even gives us in full the platform of the "Jefferson- Jackson-Lincoln League." Of this interesting document Mr. Lentz tells us, "i number of Democrats of the city of Columbus and the state of Ohio, organized the Jefferson-Jackson-Lincoln League, elected me its president, and adopted,oN my suggestion, a creed made up of quotations from this tri umvirate of America's greatest Presidents." Then follows the "creed". It is this organization which that distinguish ed Bryanite and single-taxer, Mr. Louis F. Post, editor of The Public, welcomes as the exponent of the "new, dem ocratic democracy." It was the observance of Lincoln's birth-day recently, by this "league", with its wonderful collection of toasts, that was heralded throughout the country, and attended by so many distinguished democrats, It was at this celebration that the father, president, and sponsor of tho league, introduced the principal speaker, "Hon. William Jennings Bryan, of Nebraska," as "the next president of the United States." In the course of his remarkable production, Mr. Lentz indicates quite clearly where he stands. For instance, be recalls, with evident pleasure, "that Lincoln and Seward welcomed the 'irrepressible conflict,' because they recog nized a 'higher law' than the mere decisions of the Supreme Court." He quotes, with all the unction of a "democratic democrat's" enthusiasm over "the sacred cause of human liberty," the words of Patrick OTarrell, a recruit from the republican ranks: "I remember when I first saw the sacred soil of Virginia, during the great civil war yes, the great war for liberty I read a sign on a large brick building in Alexandria, 'Price, Birch & Co., dealers in slaves'. I remained South long enough to shoot that slav ery business to death. Oh, 1 am awfully proud that I was an abolitionist and a republican in those days. Those were the days of Lincoln and liberty. Now, when 1 walk up Pennsylvania avenue, I look up at the White House and I am carried back to the days of 'Price, Birch & Co., deal ers in slaves,' and I read on that White House, in imagin ary lines, 'Hanna, McKinley & Co., wholesale dealers in Filipino slaves' He also draws on Win. Lloyd Garrison, Whittier, and others of the same kidney. It is bard to realize, as an actual occurrence, that at a celebi ation of Lincoln's birthday, in the yeai of grace 1901, under the auspices of this "league", engineered from start to finish by this blatant prophet of the new democ racy, southern white men were not only present, but were numbered among the chief celebrators and speakers. The occasion must have been for them an inspiring one indeed! nopoly of Bowery practices, as characterizing legislative conduct. Such a conclusion would be totally at variance with the truth. It would seem that a chief source of re lief from the tedium of debate in the French Chamber of Deputies, is in passing the lie loosely around amongst its members. Some of the most bloodless of the numerous duels fought by the sons of la belle France have their origin in he palace of laws. In pure opera-bouffe, this body easily takes first place among national legislative as semblies. Probably its closest rival, in this line, is the Spanish Cortes, while, for tragedy, the Austrian House, with its representatives of eleven distinct languages, proba bly surpasses the world. If the closing session of our House had made us feel a bit puffed up, the conceit would have been knocked but of us by reading that in the early hours of the Cth mst, sixteen members of tho British House were removed by bodily-force; some dozen po licemen and constables being necessary to accomplish it, and the clothing of some of the members being torn off- in the progress of the Bcrap. Our House is not a model organization, for either business or dignity; but it is not the worst on earth, by any means. . The recent inauguration ceremonies seem to be the source of considerable worry to some newspapers. , We are assured by one that this is the only genuine brand of imperialism," while another contrasts it with the inau guration of Jefferson, when the famous horse-hitching scene took place. Yet another bewails the wasting of so much money and longs for a return to simpler days, while all who kick at all charge it all up to poor old McKinley, The truth is that the inauguration of a president in Wash ington is just about the same as a re-union of Confederate Veterans in Memphis, or any other big gathering in any other big city. , It is mide the most of by local merchants. and its general get-up is largely the result of local effort Except traveling expenses,- the larger part of the expense is defrayed by private subscription, among merchants, hotel men and other beneficiaries, just as at any other big show. Local business men form committees, make arrangement, secure reduced railroad rates, etc.,ust asat any other gathering. So much for the expense. As to the military character of this last affair, McKinley had just about as much to do with the arrangement of thisand other features of the parade, as some of the editors who are so wrought up about it. As to Jefferson's democratic sim plicity, his riding up to the front of the capitol on horse and throwing the bridle reins over a hitching post a i - . . . wnicn sioooa conveniently at nana, etc., we suppose some editors must believe the story or they would not re fer to it so solemnly and mournfully. A man who has lived to be twenty-one without learning the truth about the hitching post and cherry tree incidents in our early history, may be pitied but cannot be reasoned with. vVhat does Mr. McKinley mean when he says, in dis cussing Cuba in his inaugural address, "the declaration of the purposes of this government, in the resolution of April 20, 1898, must be made good."? What he says? May be so, and may be not. He adds; "the peace which we are pledged to leave to the Cuban people must carry with it the guarantees of permanence." He also speaks of our being accountable to the Cubans and ourselves "for the reconstruction of Cuba as a free commonwealth on the abiding foundations of right, justice, liberty and assured order." Perhaps these are modifying clauses. Perma nent peace and assured order! There's the rub. TTT. , r 1 t ii. . e eeconu uisnop uauoway s utterances as to a 'penitentiary aristocracy," as a general proposition. We see no inconsistency in endorsing his ideas, while at the same time holding, as we always have, to a strict appli cation of the color line in southern prisons. We believe in a separation of the races in penitentiaries, as far as is practicable, just as we believe in it outside those institu tions. There is nothing more provocative of all degrees of mischief than the association, on terms of equality, of white men and black. It should be prevented, even among prisoners paying the same penalty for the same crime. Legislative Methods If we follow the proceedings' of the House and Senate, as reported in the Record, from day to day, we are apt to be impressed with the idea that both those bodies are sadly in need of an overhauling of their methods and practices, The idle talk, the enormous waste of time, the puerile per formances of some of their members, and the utter lack of business method, are all disgusting, to say the least; while in the House the absence of dignity, and in the Sen ate the freedom of endless talk, give to each branch add tional attractions, peculiar to itself. J . At various important junctures the absence of a clo ture rule in the Senate has been the subject of much dis cussion. f As an abstract proposition, sucn a rule wouJd affect all alike, and hence would be unobjectionable; but the minority w always afraid of it, . and its adoption has ever been accomplished. The way in which one man was aWo to prevent a vote on the rivers and harbors bill, has again brought the subject, to the front, and Senator Piatt, of Connecticult, is urging its consideration. It is only a question of time when some such role, must be adopted by the Senate. The country went crazy for a while the democratic portion of ft-over Reed's rules, yet without them legislation would have been almost im possible. Yet, had such a cloture been possible when the Lodge bill was under consideration in the Senate, that notorious measure could not have been talked to death. it is safe to aay, however, that the senatorial right of in terminable discussion is more often indefensibly obstruc tive than actually protective. ' The Senate is unimpeachable in its deportment, but the performances occasionally indulged in by the House would discredit a cocking main. In reading the Record, however, we are too apt to imagine that we possess a mo- The talk of one of the commission about not bein? ready to lay the corner 6tone of the capitol by June 3d, is pure nonsense. All that is needed is to bring one corner of the foundation to the surface, and it is ready. As to time for preparation, it is two and one half months from the middle of March to June 3d, and the people of the state are not going to devote more time than this to "preparation", if they are given a year; The commission snouldao its do, and do it because it wants to, and not crack up a lot of excuses for its action. JNO. It. BAIRD, CHAS. H. STAIvLINU, J, p President. - Vice-Frksident. TheBaird-Smith( HXIlbolesale an& IRetaU (Broce -DEALERS IN- :. . The older Senator Morgan grows the more bellicose he becomes. He talks about the "breaking up of the Brit ish Empire and the reduction of the King "to the sovereign ty of his own island," as glibly as though the job were al ready done. And what is it all about! The old gentleman wants the Clayton-Bulwer treaty abrogated at once, and is peevish because he can't get it done. Senator Morgan should not be so bloodthirsty. His warlike language is enough to turn his presiding officer green with envy. The question is what job will Carter get from Hanna for killing the rivers and harbors bill It should be some thing commensurate with the dignity of an ex-senator. Auditor Cole estimates the number of delinquent polls'at ue.SSTV Of this number he thinks about 29,000 are white and about 117,000 black. - J " A concern with an estimated capitalization of one-bill- ion-one-hondred million dollars stacks up pretty well,' even by the aide of a government with an interest bearing debt of a Rule over one billion. -. "" 4 - - " ? 7 ; - i. . J -A . The w.ealher bureau fell down on its inauguration day forecasts. - Mr. Moore made his prophecy . a Jittle too strong.'" ! ,. 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