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The Greenville times. [volume] (Greenville, Miss.) 1868-1917, December 06, 1902, Image 4

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THE TIMES GREENVILLE, MISSISSIPW. 8ATUKBAY,
DECEMBEK 6, IM. , ,
P
e
1 3 Printing fnd Publishing Cora'y.
f''f D Mala Sk Opposite PoatolHoe.
uinWlaa Telephone 260
'. ted at tbe Poatoffle at Green
..u, Misxtmlpiii, a Secood-CUa
Mali Mailer.
I. T. Crosby. Business W&'r.
SATURDAY, DEC. 1, 1002.
Rate of Subecrlptloa
f m,pih woo
t,,S MONTHS, cMk 1 (
' Advertlelug Kate
Per InrJi.l time v 58
ftr Inch, 4 Urn t
TxntU per In. a forearh additional
territon...
Oiwlnea, oerrear 15 00
-o Inelt, pn jreur ... 10 00
filTWllKhee J It Ml
J our loetea in ni
. Inch
t ue lack 4" 00
Lee coluwa Tt uu
A lata U tar1e eolan.n wid- and 01 lech
do mm or about tillne.
aWAU.BU.IA PAYABLE MONTHLY
FHeeemi par Una for all obituaa.r or vlei?
eariluttona.
tme-fourth cent cer word auch Insertion for
aoueinf entertainment., donation., antipera.
eociaib eajriain. rrBi which ai U n-alic-ail.
be the (riceeaj for u?i.te, etiur.-h, publte
or other benefit.
Ail ekarttable aotire tie.
Aa aMiat, notlrr will I cheerfully (Iran
Vhea priauaf for the mimU dona at Una oAee
The president s message is a
little tiresome to read. It has a
pot on everything tint Mississip
j lana.
"Ok iing me a aong of the Sun- J
pySopth."
1"VYboae iricture
will be wanted
next for ine Mississippi Hall of
Fame?
The King's Daughters will on
' December the 18th. issue the Daily
j Democrat. It will be edited and
, managed by the ladies of the cir
j cle and all the money from adver
tising and sale of papers will go to
- the Home building fund. We
wish the noble ladies a great suc
cess in their journalistic enterprise.
The Times is two dollars a
i
------ . .. - ;i
oui rjeisues saving you me amount,
where you trade in a year by
watching its advertising columns,
it gives you all the news. This
: issue is but the starting of what i
. expects to be during the coming
' year. Subscribe now.
Greenville needs a street, ran-
roHti to rm-x. m uic cmuc
The ilttle line between the two de-
ts has served a good punKre but
n uay la i. id
the prosrressive city it aim to
serve. We believe three or four
miles of road run on the thickly
established streets, busines or
residence, will pay and pay hands
Bjmely. Before another season
the new baseball park should have
a road running to its gate for the
convenience of all who wish to at
tend. If Natchez and Viksburg
can have such lines Greenville
surely can, and we believe will, in
side of the next six months.
Detntclted bits of human skill
live two to ten days.
: The Czar of Russia has established
a ten hour working day.
Pingpong licenses have been grant-
el to nine publicans at Huddersneld,
England.
Kearly two-thirds of the Simpson
tunnel. -which will be twelve miles
joug, are now completed.
. The Pope's poems of 113 pages are
sold In Italy at twopence a copy.
The first was written in 1822, when
lie was a boy of twelve.
Tabloids containing spirituous
Honors are now being offered for
a lie by an enterprising Berlin drug-
jrist.-' ; '
Some large ants have built a nest
f wuty-one feet in circumference and
two feet high at Bracknell, England.
A German medical journal reports
the case of a man who was attacked
l'.y hay fever in winter because he had
cGltivated hyacinths in his room.
' is
1
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HmVc tlfiQOrSfl Pnfffln ffllJl Select is Qaal-
lmn mniin if "Phninn nf Inn fllnldn "
ivJUa tPtf U
1
?
IJi
Always
and fine
I a.aaaiiaiaaaiaaaiiaiaillBaaaiaa ana.
cuuuLUKuuubuu
IT.
t J
r
ta
rn
VIEWS OF THE PEOPLE.
IN THESE COLUMNS EACH WKBK THE PBOPLB HAVB AN OPPORTUNITY OP EX.
preaalnf their vlewi on anjr inbject of lntereet. Tba printing of the article maat not be
construed as tbe Timbs endorsement of it. We offer theae colamna that Ike people m:y
heard.
THE STATE AND THE EDDCA'
TIOTS OF THE NEGRO.
To the Greeuville Times :
""""J ""J"
jn an matters wherein the citizen
is called upon to express his con
victions by his vote, public dis
cussion is a valuable aid to final
action at the polls. We may take
this in its broadest sense, and fair
ly assume that Mr. Vardaman will
p fque8tion8 0f public'policy among
private citizens themselves, is not
L. ;m-,r-tont ihan thair troof.
ment b the candidate ; upon the
stump. It is under this ulea
that I venture to submit some ob
servations upon one of the various
questions dealt with by the uistin
guisheU candidate lor governor
who has this week addressed a
Washington county audience.
If I wished to use Mr. Varda-
man's address merely as a pretext
for idle controversy, I might take
issue with his views as to offering
inducements to foreign capital, and
question the judgment which con
siders the clanking chain upon
the ploughboy's mule as sweeter
music than the factory whistle
which awakens labor to its daily
round of toil. I might even stop
to differ with him as to the cause
of "the destruction of the empires
of the ancient world" those poor
old states killed by as many dis
eases as there are modern troubles
to be avoided by holding them np
as examples and in such battles as
Marathon, tbe Grannicus, Arbela
and Pydna pretend to read their
fall, rather than in imperialism or
the misuse of the taxing power.
But it is the more serious side
of his platform that appeals to me
an fiirnishincr mnttpr for tlin
thoughtful consideration of the to America and within a single
voter whose suffrage is asked ; and 1 generation after it had peacefully
were this not a subject upon which emancipated the negro in the Brit
I have sought to form an honest ish West Indies, it secured his free
judgment by careful study, I would dom here through the bloodiest
not presume to take part in even j war of modern times. The genius
its discussion. of the age was simply opposed to
Mr. Vardaman frankly avows
that he has no particular "plan",
but his candor leaves no one in the
dark as to the object he would ac- J
TTti Simply a
a uni9 cei;cr
lias inafle it "Choice oftheTalilB.
REID DUNN & COMPANY,
THE GROCER
lias a stock complete, fresh
Chfstmas Goodies Galore!
NEW TURNIPS New Orleans Molasses
" CABBAGE , The Finest Cheese
X BUCKWHEAT The F nest Pickles
OATMEAL f Tho Finest Flour
GRIT8 AND RICE ' New Potatoes
In fact we have the choicest In everything
the market affords. Thanks for yoor
order. Call as up again. ,
Reid Dunn & Company,
WASHINGTON AVENUE.
A. iaiiaiiaiaiaiBaa.
pa
complish. Stated in its simplest
terms, he would have the state di
vorce itself from participation in
the education of the negro, further
than the taxes paid by the negro
himself would defray the cost of
his schools.
Viewed from the standpoint of
enlightened selfishness, I believe
such a policy to be unwise ; placed
upon the lowest plane of civic hon
esty, I believe it to be unjust.
The various eras in the history
of states are each marked by cer
tain well defined movements and
ideas. In the closing years of the
18th century the idea of free gov
ernment in which the people
governed should have a participat
ing voice became in America and
in some European states a dominat
ing force, and efforts at realizing an
independent national life eventuat
ed in the first stages of the French
Revolution and the war of Ameri-'
can Independence. Closely related
to such movements for the free
dom of the state were those for
greater personal liberty, and there
followed in natural order those agi
tations for universal individual
freedom which have played so
large a part in the history of the
world. .Practical opiwsition to
modern slavery had its actual l)e-
gmmngs m the agitations ot a
handful of philanthropists and
doctrinaires in Great Britian and
France, and was but another form
of expressing the same publio senti
ment which ultimately abolished
imprisonment for debt, and ameli
orated the condition of the Eng
lish poor, whose lot was far more
intolerable than was ever thato the
American slave,. This sentiment
became the dominating impulse of
its time, and negro slavery went
down before it. It had early spread
human slavery, and it had to go.
We would have abolished it our
selves, if let alone, just as we
have seen it, within the last quar
"Wonderful
man m mn.
. ....aaaaaaaaaaaanMannaajajaaa
t
ter century, crumble to its fall in
Brazil ana the American depend
encies of Spain.
In thus referring to these great
historical movements, I am not
laboring under the impression
that I am imparting information,
nor do I imagine that I have dis
covered something neWi I advert
to them because they were the
forerunners of another which has
followed in logical sequence, and
which today dominates the nation
al spirit of the word's enlightened
states, the cause of popular edu
cation. In considering the radical de
parture proposed by Mr. Varda
man, it is well to pause before we
take the initial step, and reflect
upon the nature of the undertak
ing to which we are thus asked to
commit ourselves.
History serves its most useful
function when it -enables us to
measure living impulses, and it
teaches us no lesson with greater
force than the folly of wilfully
putting ourselves out of harmoni
ous touch with the spirit of the
age in which we live. I would re
call these ' one time dominating
movements only that they may
lend what emphasis they may, to
the suggestion that to attempt to
go counter to the trend of modern
ideas as to universal education
would be but an effort at stem
ming a tide as resistless as- those
great currents of popular thought
proved themselves to be.
He is a shallow observer who
in this step sees no more than the
question of negro education,
when the real issue is whether or
not Mississippi is prepared to take
a backward step, to line up as a re
actionary to array herself against
the spirit of the times. To so de
clare herself would not only be un
wise, but vain as well, for she
would essay a task beyond the
power of any one state to accom
plish. It is foreign to my pur
pose to attempt a homily upon
the constitutional difficulties in
volved, though a moment's reflec
tion destroys any seeming parallel
between the undertaking before the
constitutional convention of 18tK)
and that now proposed. In his
efforts at purging the state's elec
torate of venal incompetency, Gen
eral George lost no opportunity of
declaring his surest reliance to be
upon established precedent. These
he found ready to his hand, in
the constitutions of Northern
states, while for one precedent
for this other action the organic
i r
(vrl WANT AU. T iW
) IN WTO SEEURBfl
WEW SUITS --fSJ
SOL BRILL,
CLOTHIER AND MERCHANT TAILOR,
LnJ .l.lnta l.n.a .f all lllO utntBli
in the Union miirht be searched
in vain. But I am granting the
possibility of the state to absolve
herself from all legal obligation to
educate the negro, and simply
deny her ability to accomplish the
end of preventing such education
being given him. We had as well
attempt to stop the movement to
wards universal evangelization.
We may differ as to the wisdom of
universal education, just as we
may differ in our judgment upon
the course pursued by the great
evangelical bodies of the world;
we may withhold our individual
moral and financial support from
both these causes, but we can no
more prevent, the ultimate realiza
tion of the one than we can stay
the progress of the other.
It is a narrow vision which does
not see that the day has long since
passed when any class of people
in America may be prevented from
acquiring at least the rudiments
of an education. whether they be
rich or poor, high or low black,
white, red or brown fitted or not
to receive and lie benefited by it.
If we do not educate the negro
ourselves, others will do it in
spite of us, and we hud much
better retain the control and direc
tion of his teaching in our own
hands, than' suffer ourselves to be
supplanted by strangers, alien
and antagonistic to our ideas, and
ignorant of what is best for the
negro as well. With the develop
ment of Southern public school
systems, the North has more and
more ceased to interfere, until
today the common school educa
tion of the negro is absolutely in
the hands of the Southern white
man. But with such powerful
organizations as the Southern
Education Board in existence, and
public sentiment what it is, is
there any one so dull as to doubt
that the moment Mississippi thus
boldly discriminated between the
races abundant means would
be forthcoming to render
her effort both nugatory and ah
surd ! It would be a shallow reply
to this suggestion to say that this
is all right, inasmuch as it costs
the white man nothing, and leaves
him more to spend upon his own.
Such a view would imply but scant
appreciation of the baneful effects
of the interference between the
white man and the negro which
cursed this country after the war.
Both races have suffered too much
from that devil's broth of parti-
Williamc Riv PI.
Soy, George
Vor vacation Suit looks ' rather ta(j
It shows the result of the good times 0o
have been having the past three months.
Ask yout mother to huy ywt pne of our new
School soils. Jtfst in. Yoa'll like them
they're dandies.
$3.00, $4.00, or $5,00
Will huy one. Tell
yoo one,
I sanism, revenge and quixotic phil
anthropy tor tne white man to thus
deliberately invite another neriod
of interference in our domestic
affairs. Yet such is the plain En
glish of this proposition. The
public school education of .the
negro is meagre enough, in all
conscience, and why not, in the
name of reason and prudence, let
us retain its control where it is,
absolutely within our own
hands! Every dollar expended
upon it is disbursed under the
supervision of white officials.
Every county has a white superin
tendent of education, who exer
cises practically unlimited control
over his negro teachers, every one
of whom knows that only at the
cost of his position could he at
tempt the inculcation of vicious
ideas, or indulge in mischief
breeding utterances.
The discontinuance of state aid,
and the consequent loss of state
control, means the maintenance by
negro churches and lodges, with
assured outside aid, "of independent
private schools in the larger towns
of the state and in the centers of
heaviest negro population, the
teachers in which would be re
sponsible to no state or county
official for their conduct. Any
planter who has attempted to keep
desirable labor on a place afford
ing no school facilities to. his
hands, can confirm the statement
that the location of such private
schools would tend to attract ne
groes from the country, adding
to an alreadv too errant. nrKon
of negro population. This would
mean that every Delta planter
would be compelled. either alone
or in conjunction with his neigh
bors to maintain a negro school
as a matter of self protection.
But even if not a single such ur
ban school were established, it
would not be long before some
planter would hit on the scheme
of putting a school on his place as
an extra inducement to labor, and
the rest of us would promptly fol
low suit. I have never heard of a
planter who was specially noted
for his desire to spread the gospel
among his negroes, but a Delta
plantation or a plantation com
munity which has failed to do
nate a lot and a few dollars to
wards a negro church would be
something of a curiosity.
AH of us have common sense
enough to know that such ffi
pendent "private schools" as i
cnaoV r,t l ii ..." ao J-
u. wuuiu oe established he
""Mi.iJUm, ui). That suit
PRESERVES
SPOOL UCi inie
- -
'V,,
!
yout Mother she'll get !
yond the shadow of a doubt, ife
would presently blossom into
lect colored academies," witim
occasional white teacher imporjd
they would become the meocas d
the rural population, and be p!aM
where lessons of estrangement and
suspicion would most naturaUylie
taught and learned; they would
stand as perpetual reminders to tie
negro, young and old, that he most
look henceforth for such assistance
bevond the circle of thnnowU ij
so long proclaimed themselvei hk
mends, tnat he must seek from
others that which in all humility
and without question he had
grown accustomed to receiving at
the hands,. and under the direc
tion, of the white folks
they would, in short, become in
time everlasting monuments to the
folly which had eventuated in their
erection.
To discuss briefly wlmt I crm.
ceive to be the ininstice nf micli
a scheme: It can find its only just
ification in the fallacy that the ne
gro is not, to any considerable ex
tent, a taxpayer, that he gets
much more out of the treasury
than he puts into it. It is impos
sible to apportion the state's bene
fits in accurate proportion to con
tributions to the state's support
nor could we fairly estimate the
negro's share of the burdens of
taxation, even by a separate assess
ment. In the form of direct taxes
it may not be large, but no fair
minded man can deny that indi
rectly the negro pays as great
tax as any agricultural class in
America, it we can accept tne
teachings of both the great politi
cal parties, whoever is a producer of
wealth, either for himself or others
is a taxpayer and a contributor of
the burdens of government, of
the negro in Mississippi is not a
wealth producer, then who is?
But of all places Jn Mississippi,
Washington county and the Delta
should be the last to lend a willing
ear to such "an "appeal. Here
above all other sections, are the
fortunes of black and white indis
solubly associated, and here it is
possible, by means of the cotton
tax, to approximate the negro's
share in public burdens. The cot
ton tax does not go to the state,
it is true, but it helps to make pos
sible the payment of taxes that do,
and directly creates the values upon
which other taxes are laid. There
were raised in this district last
year 186,274 bales of cotton, which
of Deiw
Cultured Tastes
tory, tut tee's
1,845 Feet to every Pom
" I f HAtifinnail rn KJi naffA.l

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