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NO ILL TREATMENT
AT ANDERSONVILLE . 0 in fin Management of Capt. Werz Vindicated Compiled by W. J. Smith, C. S. A. I 0 The Grand Army of the Republic, when it met at Minneapolis August 17th, of this year, (tooo,, passed a re solution rejecting General S. D. Lee. commanHiiie the Southern Veterans, asking that he use his influence to prevent a statue being erected to the memory of Cant Werz by tre Daugh terc of the Confederacy. Tie was in charsre during- the war of the Ancler sonville prison in which large num bers of th" Federal "prisoners were confined. The orison was designed to hold about to.ooo. bit owing to conditions that were unavoidable, the number was largely increased. Some is.roo or tooo died there' at different limes. After the war Capt. Werz was executed bv the Unite! States Government claiming that bv bis crueltv and neglect this fearful mortality was brought about. Tt is with oitv and indignation that one read- of his terrible death, he being perfectly innocent. Tie was made a srarceoat for the Federal au thorities. '"ing the most cruel sin of the ae. To nrnve such the c.tse. T offer farts and statements froir. both the Federal and Confederate source, the truth" of which, if questioned, can be easilv "-oven. Tt is a duty v.e owe thr- Sotith. ;ts eonle. the remaining soldiers of th- C-nfef!eracy an' their leaders, tht the facts connected with Anderson-''! be made known both North a"'' S''h. and give mnnv thanks to the G . P. for giving this matter '-e nublicitj' they have. And T trust t1" mot'-n will not be tabled as was he trial of Jefferson Davis after a ''in? and cruel confinement 11 rn f A K:m out of orison having no charges to make against him did the'- bc t hunted' evcrvtnin"- amoncr the Confederate records of Richmond to mid ome evidence to ronv ict him. On the contrary they found lrm to.be a humane Chris tian gentleman, whose courage coaid not be assailed, his honor juestioned, or his ability denied. They offered Capt. Werz his liberty and a large sum of money to swear that President Davis ordered the pris oners to be badly treated, and he suf fered death rather than save his ide uder those conditions. He is the ma terial that heroes are made of and his grave should be marked and his name handed down for all time to come. We must back our Daughters in this. un dertaking. To them, as to their moth ers before them, we can ever turn for everything that is true and loving. Below find this true story of An dersonvUle by a Federal Prisoner, Fd mond Wellington F.ates, published in the Xew York News, Julv, 1865, lie was twelve months in prison, was a member of the commission sent to Wash in -'i on bv the prisoners them selves to endeavor to eftcct an ex cha'ige. and who published this state ment1"' when he had to face great op position in doing so. TTC sii-s the bread was badlv baked. The bakery was run day and night. The iif 00' prisoners, the number or isiinabv intended to be confined at An drsonv:'lc, having risen to 3S.000. Manv '" our men assisted in baking. Our nv.-n were not used to corn bread a fact that made the Georgians won-d-. r a- t'-ov improved on it. The water v. as il:arrhetic in its tendency, which injuru.' the Confederates as much a our mo v.. The twenty-five or thirty Confederate surgeons who were in at-t'"d,iv-. T '-an honestly say. acted with as much humanity toward the uri-or. r as these disheartening cir- that the lives of ten or twelve thous delegates, but I cannot help stating J and men would have been saved had) the exchange been justly and gener ously made. From February until August there were some 6,000 deaths ment would consent to '2SIIRDLN at Andersonville and before our Gov ernment would consent to an ex change it reached 16,000. General Winder told me before we left An dersonville on our mission that the object of the United States Govern ment in refusing to exchange was that they felt it hard to give soldiers for civilians. The times of thous ands in the stockade had been out many mrmts. lien 1 got Aortn 1 found Winder's words were con firmed for it was semi-officialy stated to me that it looked mighty hard we refused to exchange. But to get a number of men broken down from campaigning and diseases and out of service, and give able bodied men This policv was the iuintecsence of inhumanity, a disgrace to the admin istration, and a blot on the country You rulers who make the charge that the Rebels intentionally killed our men I can, in answer, honestly swear that they did everything in their pow er to care for us. Do not lay the flattering unction to your souls. You abandoned your brave men in the hour of their greatest need. They fought for the Union and you reached no hand to save them. You may try to shift the blame from your should ers but posterity will justly saddle the responsibility where it belongs. I will now give a poem by Rev, 1 Toshua Feterkins. D. D.. which came Thev out m tne Hartford Courier, a paper tmnrr f wide circulation in the State of Connecticut, published in 1865. It is rather long but covers all the ground t'U 1 -'S would "erm-it. They ncre ' rtnighr -without being able to CO for e:lu. Our Cu u medicine. They had.no quinine fever and ague or disenetry. rninent had made medicine a cro-f-nhr-nd of war. hen ionnd on j, lt.-,,.i.--ide runner was confiscated Hundreds died from this cause that ro,,t,i h:iv been saved. Scurvy was very bad. VcgetabI s could not be had for or moncv. The cn'?f svrceon r,-i-.d I'l-.-ui one to two hundred dollars f,.t . Vv. -o TV J,' !'': w Ik t'V -I--.,, c! a- V "15 t rat'' for p";, uhi' to ir ' ' wr-e virC S The ide- thr '0,1 or Fuif it could be hunted d! ..: !-o-.;;hi at market for I've dollars. Fresh beet wv.s sup tr. the hospital two or three t.i to-kad.c :ound. i he couu- for miles to get d. . of thrm. had r-o '..(-' cloth tug. Their minds their bodies be earn pros r-nny havi'ne been in pn-o: uVss.. It was stated the Co'? -'s y. ere trying to starve iv y was twelve months ; .-.or. and T deny this fir.tly. fo e encored there was no de-tr diet this on us. They suiYe-re. -ih-s, even the surgeons did 'v.. decent shoes or socks. The ,-u.--u of ability.'-givhig their set h-,v and nichtf " receiving ro'pay pa rn mcu?t'.t idea of the prisouer ;uirV. 1 ney cauru a Full fifteen thousand men, The brave, the good, the true, As captain died in prison pen They died for me and you, And shall not truth's indignant tongue Declare who did this grievous wrong ? On many a bloldy field They stood against leaded hail, And though at last compelled to yield, Their spirits did not juail ; They safely passed the battle thro' And yet they died for me and you. They pined for Home, Sweet Home. And for their daily bread. Alas, assistance did nof come, And now they are with the dead. F.ven hardened Rebels felt their grief And yet could furnish no relief. The Rebel leaders durst Not do what we have done. Though main- hearts with anguish break At tales from Andersonville, For stiil they let our brave men share Their own coarse food and scantv fare. The sad tale must be told ; - . The brave, the true, the good. While we were busy coining gold, They died for want of food Those fifteen thousand boys in blue, As victims died, for me and you. The Rebels, in their need, Once, twice, and yet again. Did all they could to plead For justice to these men : l.ut neat, alas, the nations ear, The people's servants would not hear. Fvcn Davis felt their grief, And sent his messake forth, 1-y prompt exchange to grant relief. To prisoners South and North ; And why, alas, was it not done ? There were no hearts in Washington. The Rebels gave us leave To send down loyal men, .Men griodi and true, who might re ceive And for that prison pen, A;.d tend the sv.ffcrnig inmates there, With, a whole nation's love and care. i'.ut no. these gallant men Were leit to starve and die,' i I';.! Northern banners might -igain 'Mid Southern ''breezes dy, d b. dd recruits might rttsl to save !'!: . V W ! - Or hu; ''s iroin a nse grave. -ag: eions sr.o pohcy . 5 !' o - e w ,1 .1 I i 1 :c o know no love 0 f ; ; 1 r b vou. .- rests" ; in blue, on me a . - M - t M - ALL Ml BI OS We ffer Mir enntaire ga,n(HXfl) tclk. of IHlSgDn (S-ra'de SFaiiiriniDtMie ito.itllne pimlbllfic ait tfacitiry cd; amid canriasc. uTDnD n nnwtf a faBsLe aDe a millpiteii"fiuige. a1bTe aiinniiouimceimneimi nun gafl fanitlhi aimd unaiffide safle a we are pnlfiveDy g5inifi itlliie fanrimnitMire lbMe5ine aimafl every articHe of tflnis large tclk. imiiMgit g ait omme jprSce. Following note a few of the prices at which these goods will go We mmake itflne HDdd waDD he a it lretfiire fflDin Bed Room Suits $15.00 and op Wood Beds . . . . .. 2.50 " Iron Beds . . .. . . 2.50 " Wat-drobes . 10.00 44 44 Cfaiffoniets ..... 2.50 44 44 Sideboards .... 15.00 44 44 Dressing Tables . . 1 2.50 " " And numerous other articles of the very best furniture me- chandise at equally lo prices. Sale Bean Until The E Monday, Nov. J 9 and Lasts ntl?e Stock Is Disposed Of Cash All 'G'oods Sold For Spot The best opportunity ever offered to the people of Greenville and Delta to furnish their homes with anything needed in the furniture line at reduced cost. . Very Respectfully, ALLEN BROTHERS t I 4- 4-X- - X 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 K It K jjtY. Jf JfAf- -f f Jf s -f - a memorial to t-ri-Muc-t cv was ev iri--ern't: T irrroln was adooted.. a5k:nc. ill V ot tre srfterine and mortality -f o'-v men., th:'!. he shm-.kl arec to- art. '.ex chance of prisoners as. the Co rueU pr ates v ere villing to,, cive ni.n io mail a"i4" officer "for -off.cer leavin I th 'VxcrV of ihrwotiers :at which eve.; sitlp' 'fofinf. Six' prisoners,- myself tn-cl-'.l'.-rl. e-ere appointed a commisior t t at o".c?" to Va?hincrtor! Cit-' and 'ir iVie entire matter before . th' xecnt'v This was toward the c'oa of A !-' - On wav thronph Ge- -. .ret General Stoncman, r nri'-n'"-- rt Oglethorpe prison. wh.er the Federal prisoners were confine' lie p-ave, me a letter to the President strorpiv ;rgrin!? the necessity for ' sr exchange not for the officers, hi for tjy" brave rhe" who fought : brave ly rd ',-ere suffering so much, and 'r.A tHe President to forego' alT jj.,Jof the exchange "of,, negroes r tti?'t't-o.4 &t ;-the-iway. ? ; i.-j . At;-.:"g. at; HK-;"Yor General Dt refuse A I transportation;. Th-e sani-t,rvro-iission supplied . it and w v f tt 'to Washineton. .We wrot: to tiff" President stating the object o our 'visit 'n three ' consecutive days hrt t" rrresentatives of 38.000 prff one-s -ere treated with sdent icon-l frri" President declining to se re :'or trMtave any 'cornrritiiTication v-jr. m! For obvious reasons T shall s;I"t s to the motives of Presi dent Lincoln in his treatment of the i"!C K'-h On'cred I With.'i-.: rc l' i. V; 1. ;ane'J'ed and pressed, serd- t.ijein liome exchanj vou . know ! - A ' they did -not come ; i - could .'Vt be., spared to ave irom ; Southern grave. relief. W'i.tt d?d such grievous wrong In tli'at saI gloomy hour ? Men w'ho were enxious to prolong Fheir ir.thieuce and power. , - Who cared for fifteen thousand nun if v,r th- helm of state retain Cow down my soul in grief, iiefore t!;.; God of heaven We failed to grant our nu fh:--t Rtctls woldn have given l those sddiers- good ad true. uied oi neglect .Torn me and you. Too late we feel their woes' Deluded now no more, . R .it withering blight shall rest on those : ' -Vho kept tliese men in store As capital to aid themselves, And realize ambjtipus dreams. Adown time's steepest path. These names with scorn should go, The object of a nation's wrath ; The ministres of war, ? ; They killed the fifteen thousand men Who perished in that 'prison pen. 4 (Vol. ;.lst. ; Southern Historical Pa pers : General Grant before the Com- mmee on - tne - conauct. of jthe war;: Concurrent statements" of Gen. "But ler and others and -following letter I from General Grant.) City Point, August i-S. 1S04. To General Putler : On the subiect of exchange I dif- ft .- from Gen. Hitchcock. It is hard o- i tr mei! in Southern prisons not t-- .change them, but it is humanity to tiiose left in the ranks to right o:r battles. Every man released on pa role or otherwise, becomes an active soldier against us 'at once, either di rectly " or indirectly. If we- open a system of exchange, which liberates ail prisoners taken, w-e will have to iisrht on until the Avhole South is ex terminated. If we hold them caught they amount to no more than dead men. At this particular time to re lease al! Rebel soldiers would insure Sherman's defeat, and compromise our safety here." Lowell, Mass., said that "Grant was j 1 housands were scni ".."" responsible for our men lingering and j exchange to v prevent their dng vtnrvno-. n ?n..tiprn nrisons In vvmcii me m wiu u. April, 1864. I received another dis-' have patch 'to break off all negotiations and another telegram, 'not another man to be given to the Rebels.' " I only desire that the responsibility of stopping exchange should rest on flf.n r.rant anri not nnnn me. I I send for their men. and aiter a have rarne d this prav-p matter for I lav of three months." they did send. nine months. In answer to letters j This" delay of three months carried missioner of Exchange, who has been from the West, charging me with the most sickly period of the year. thousands of ouf men in There .were i.ooo turned over, ine Editor London Times: friends, would either insist on their j refu-cd t Sir- T feel rn arr vimr in F.iil'- ; uniiy u) cnuure ine journey or pro- j;ri.-,.,uers that recovery was hopeless, rc I eel tr.at he could not effect the exchange; or nrisoners. times ine iiictiiis 1 v,r- tre rn were lacking in the South for supply-hand, that miblir. attention is directed I ftssm inff them. The South having 60,000 j afresh to the accusation made bv the vvu!d Peously implore to be allow- more prisoners than the North. j Federal authorities that prisoners An attempt on ' the part of Vice I of war were cruelly treated by the President Stevenson to treat person-, Confederates, not ' only .. in exception ally with President Lincoln failed j able cases by subordmate officers, uteerly, he was not even given an j but- systematically used in conformity interview In Tanuarv, 1S64, Davis with a policy adopted by President he.rcrpfi that at once nhvsicians and , Davis, Gen. Lee and Mr. Seddon. medicine be sent, which was lacking , feel it imparatively to be ray, duty 1 taken by the ' -United ' States ' to ex in the South, to their many sick pris- ; to request your insertion of this let- elude from exchange, all cases ot oners anu tuat llieV WOUIU uc w . tci m nmtvaiiuii vi ituuviu. mvii, ; sjiiic iiiiiirs, iii iituijuiiaci Ul avow received No answer. Then the oxer j who, less fortunate than myself, are was made by him to send back to the ; now held in close confinement by North. without any exchange, all the . their enemies and are unable to utter sick and wounded, whom the South an indignant word in selfdefense. had not the means' to care for. Only During the difficulties which pre after many months did the North de- vented the exchange of prisoners of to accede to this humane oner. war. caes arose wineu appcaitu iu humanity ot the . most obdurate to see their families before death. j 1 he refusal to "Tho bfehs-bftdips nf 'ii,l1Pr; nf!li(' "ion fatal 1 Confederates shipped, from the North under these conditions, were deliv ered to us at Citv Point. And the j like results -have-- attended the deliv- I ! erv from our .side. Rigid- care was restore to us th- exo-.---held by ti'crn after r co ins- tor near v a ve;ir thn -i-.r. r t when it . operated in their t.i-. f- s dealt u I j. ;ng the war. President Davis v. urged to rttaliat for the atrocih of liutler and !tXer:l, t rying i Vi- a ( an people, allowed. In August, 1S64, when the mortal ity was increasing at Andersonville, they offered to give up uncondition ally ten or fifteen thousand of their men. but the United States was to T i cfnr for their men, and after a de- the to remain insensible. 'The Federals empowered Col Mulford, th.eir Commissioner of Ex change, to consent to a mutial de live ry of such sick and disabled pris oners who were incapable of per forming military duty. To this class was the exchange of -prisoners vig orously restricted. Col. Culd. the Confederate Corn ed policy ot "preventing" ortr.4 armies from being recruited by-return pris oners, this being our only " resource for idling ouf. . thiiined .- ranks; while they were able to: procure, unlimited re cruits- from' across- the Atlantic. ; From this elas .of prisoners men- j tioned above, the most wretched were; ty he ov.edAhc arm'v y. nUK iv f. ue c.j!.i not . uiak the innocent uTer for the crimes n -uch rn.'.nsj r.'. After reaching .wli.it I have co-cted, no ,-,'ie in power in the Nor t.i roull claim icrnoraiice oj" the efTors made by 'the Soutli to sava the priners they had in their ha::ds: thofcin :ontrd of the United" Sta Gtivernment. Had the - South suc ceeded, rany of the saints and he- roe or ,n Ae rtn. wou d have r.-iirf My paid s of letting Southern prisons. In answer, I can say, "Their blood does not stain my garments." This is not criticism upon the acts oi anyone. ? cut tne enuncution ot a tact. My position will not allow me to say more. If this astounding recital is . true, it unmasks one of -the most reamrk- able examples of atrocitp on record. Their .blood, , he saj'S. does not stain my. garments..' Bnt by his showing, recently acquitted by the Federals of cruelty to prisoners. The complaint 'South had 3,000 who -were even more iWas frequently made to the President squalid and sickly than the poor tel- . and Secretary of. War that prisoners lows they took home. -..;." - , -were frequently delivered in a con T will now give "a communication dition o prostrated as to render from I P. Benjamin, ex-Secretary ol death certain from exposure during State of the Confederacy, who came the trip between James river and out soon4 after the war confirming the Washington. Efforts were made in statement made . by Gen. Buttler," of view to check this evil, in spite of the United States -army, that the surgeons' certificates that they vvere cartel for the exchange of prisoners too ill for removal without immediate fcvas A'brDketa "-by'- the -United -"State - danger.-' Sick men on both sides, by jj ia anvil tui moa i- liv v j . , w , . . - s,r i chmVc frr itselt Mnnir ronhnemeHt. tearrui tnai me cx Was mc at-tuuil'iii.c miu i.vy ui uiauii aiRuuiuiv, vtihiv.u -.w - - ---- . , . . a hitir.-s revolting to humanity. I anJ should be read by every one cnange wouiu agm uc "i- President Davis " camplained Vttei"Jy North or South by congressional com- r1!-fnrfr,r.l,1f1 nnA en',1 .cnn.f- OerlliV HI Hie GCatll Ot thOU?ri!l,U rtf jn-i.viMiin..u auu 3V ncauyiidi ItJJUUJ ,t . ' - ii-vii in-Mi. i.ui inr .s on n wo-1, n - T by the d-ath of Capt. Werz the gath ering stTm became a summer zephyr' W. I. SMITH. manipulated m.ittees. - . - v ; , - - - '"Gen. Cobbi-on our part, I instruct ed to propose, after exhausting ex changes, the side having surplus pris oner in posession, should allow them to go home on parole, until the other side should capture enough for ex change. 4 It was accepted by Gen. Wood as' one of the terms-' o. the cartel. But some success caused the agreement not to be ratified, having on excess of prisoners; the ensuing year. But when the Confederates had an excess, the cartel - was accepted. The-. South liberated ;many thousand of their men oji parole,. , The cart-.! remained for., many months in. opera tion. Vi ,:". . . . '-Vy: ,' . ".'.-..-.. Ih July, 1863, the fortunes of war became - very 'a-dvers"e tothe- South; ' The authorities at. Washington., after the battle of uettysburg;: refused to receive any prisoners in the hands of FORTUNATE MISSOURIANS "Whi I was a druggist, at Livo nia, MA writes TJ.Dwyer, now of Grays'lie, So., "three of "my custo mers ere permanently cured of ou sumpton by Dr. King's New Dis- and are all' well and strong One was trying to sell hi" y and move to k Arizona, but Gen. Lee. This subjected their men longing for the sight of home andto terrible suffering. They further coverj tod ay j prope a-'tcr .ng New Discovery a. short time h found it unnecessary to do' so.' I regi-d Dr. King's New Discovery as tn most wonderful medicine itf existe :c. Surest Cough and Cola cure id Throat and Lung healer. Guarj teed by all druggists. 5oc an j $1. Ifial bottle free.