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The Grenada sentinel. [volume] (Grenada, Miss.) 1868-1955, October 29, 1920, Image 1

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Archives of History
Almost Marvelous Work Done,
~ orre
Health Officials Place" County
Among Leaders in Mississippi.
The following telegraphic item from
i arena-da appeared in The Commercial
Appeal of laj;t Sunday.
Grenada Miss., Oct. 23.—In many
respects the year 1920 will be a mem
orable one in the history of Grenada
County, Miss. There have been many
(binge to happen in this year our
Lord that will make it stand out pre
eminent in memories of the citizenship
of America, anil particularly is this
fme of the County of Grenada. And
among the distinguished events that
have transpired in this county none
will have
more lasting effect than
the wi»rk initiated under the direc
tion of the ' State Department of
Healtli. which has had as its first
aim the reaching of the child life of
the county and the demonstration of
the necessity of better sanitation and
(setter hygienic conditions.
Nothing good was ever accomplished
that did not meet with difficulties. It
ie indeed difficult to eet people out
of oid ruts. They are just somewhat
tmone *o travel in beaten paths,
no* an uncommon thing to
said. "Why. our fathers' homes were
not. eerreoened; there was nobody to tell
our grandparents, about sanitary toil
**«• The y haxi no tonsils removed,
neither w.*re they troubled with ap
pendici-as Children of that day were
healthy; they were just turned loose."
3n answer to this it might be said
that where there is ignorance there
ts no knowledge. It might also be
eadd that the patriarens of old lived
to be nearly a thousand years old,
Mtill.it is a scientific fact that up
untiJ a few years ago when the medi
f.al world became active in. combatting
diseaee and in teaching lessons of
wanitationi and the longevity of human
beings was on a descending scale. i
In Decern her, last. Dr. W. S. I^eath
'•rs. dean oi the medical department
of the university and chief ex
ecutivo officer of the state board of
bealth, and Dr. C. M. Shipp, state san
itary inspector, appeared before the
tnvard of f-viporrisors of this comity
with the proportion to put on a spe
<ria3 health crusade in the county pro
rided the. supervisors would take care
c>i nali the necessary expense,
proposition was accepted and Dr. P. G.
l*ope was eeot- here corly in Jan- j
nary. With Dr. Pope came 1 w<> ladies
ix> take port in -the work. one. of whom
was designated by the Red Cross. The
•--ontinHied rains* and the almost im-jon
paseaDle condition c^' the public roads
made it impossible to properly prose
cute the work until in the spring
Since tha: time Dr. Pcipe and his co
laborc-rs have been busy indeed.
Work Is a Revelation.
It is
hear it.
■ j
' i
Kivern special thought to sanRation and
hygienic conditions. Too many peo
ple have so king thought that the
feeding and clothing of children was 1
about all that was necessary for their
•tSSS S 5 S 2 i ^" a jfXS Tm a ^'°
vcnooi looks were «ui tnat was re- £
<taired in the process of developing
and training their minds that they
have looked with a degree of suspicion
and as little less than folly upon the
Kiea of the home being invaded by
any one who would presume to sug
ges:. better <»r corrective methods in
dealing with children. The public has
grown used to instruction, about teach
vug how to prevent black tongue in
cattle and they have learned that it [
exp 5 Tw£> STreiScid^moSk^
among cholera-infected swine from 144
per 2,000 to lese than 70, but the
thought of better health methods for
ohildren and for the home has just
been regarded w a Mtedes and Per
saan condition that could hot be rem
(ar, w such a short, ono and it hae i
Iveen traversed so quickly that too'sume
many;—alas, too many—of the better
.uid best things of life have just been
overlooked. 1
Thousands o* dollars have been
spent in Miseissippi during the past
few years in eradicating tne cattle
tick. Why? Not. because anybody
loved the cattle lor the cattle's sake,'
bat because by the eradication the
cattle bettune better dollar producers.
But few people Have .stopped to think
that it was health work that dis
covered the mosquito as the yellow
fever transmitter and that this
scourge, which used to sweep its thou
sands into the grave every year in the
Bouth, has ceased and the'people are
no longer terrified by this once re
garded terrible malady.
But few people stop to think that
thePrSch^SeramS? once un^
to iiicr S irh Q t rr,- i U . 7 ,tL
tt a Pp.nTm" f anfl i ^ ^
Tn ' .. . Z . , ,. lts wo T. k '
^ " £ l rap l ldly of
a, they were landed m^at locality,
Yet medicl science, hygiene and sani
tation conquered, and os a result the ful
United States government was enabled
The work has been. in. a measure a 1
nev elation even to those who
edied or bettered.
In short, the dis
tance front barbarism to the struggle
for existence, the contest foe* the <fc>l-
UU.V.U 6 v..„^uv cuov.ni
to execute this, one of the world s
that the health of the Panama Canal
zone is about as good as that of the a
most healthy state wKhto the Union,
Heuitn Carried to People.
The world elands aghast at the thou
aands killed in battle. It is moved to
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tears by the cries of those who perish
by famine, and the last sad words oi
those who go down beneath the waters
of the sea touch th-> most callous
heart, yet people are afflicted around
and about them in the ordinary pur
suits of life and little is thought oi it.
Happily the world is addressing itself
m ore to the everyday things; the spec
tacular, the startling, are of out short
dura*ion, but the insidious and subtle
every day
compared to
hundreds by the horriule incidents,
j a a gre at measure stay their ravages.
Th _, heaith crusade in
Cou ^ heen liter ally 1 carried to
^ people.** it has been a wholesome
thin ^ get the people together at
their school houses and in, thei?
churches. Good always comes of the
commingling of goo«i people,
screen pictures have been euch as
WO uld appeal to anybody who would
s it and look. And one striking fea
t ure has been the showing of health
pictures taken right here in this ooun
ty The pictures of some unfortunate
children discovered were shown with
i the consent of their parents, thus
bringing the matter right to the doors
of the county's citizenship,
were the pictures <>f these
shown, but their afflictions were dis
cussed by Dr. Pope,
the cAUse> of
of which coul -1 have 1 >e,n
when the children were but mere i»
t'ants, had they ^ been put under
the care of a physician. He espeemk
tarv toilets, and has driven home with
j telling effect the disastrous conse
qnences of polluted drinking water
which so often comes on the iarm be
cause of the fact that the barn, ehiek
yard and other outhouses drain to
ward the well,
things which steal away
housands of lives, as
receiving that attention which will
Not only
He pointed out
their affliction.-, many

ly emphasized the importance of sani
The little town ot Holoonu, 11 miles
j west, had a citizens meeting as a re- ^
i suit of one oi the health lectures and
exhibits, and with one mind
agreed to put in at once sanitary
That progressive little com
nninity has had more or le&s -typhoid
fever almost every year, and it did
not take its thinking people long to;
realize that the matter of disease pre-,
1 vention was largely in their own
hands. Tie Plant, three miles south
f ?" lik6Wis< ' p,,t in
£ anitary toilets.
w * Not on * y n , J a< T. '
^LL^tT^o^of th^ hot rounder
^^f^ nf L^be^th dei>aSnent ^d
SSdto be^
L^ wTth tubeTcSL- gm*ms wts
to bU s^ ThSe
matter- milters which
^ Jtal 3fS?'«f£rt -STtto® S
t..! ' ' ** Ls not
[ U1 ' e - 1 he pity of it is mat it is not s
~ua?y T StiL* ind^d,
out the land. TTiere has been nothing i
autocratic about me hea-tb depart- s
ment - lv p V 0 rywQ f re and
sions Dr. Pope has set the tacts be- jj
fore those immediately concerned and
has lteen fortunate m securing their
aid and co-operation in carrying out .
his Pian "
The following is a portion <jf a re
too'sume of the health work done in Gre
nada Countv since last January,
which was fiied with the state health
deportment at Jackson and which
show's something of the plan and
method of a public health organiza
tion and what it means to a com mu
"The intensive studv of-the uhvsical
condition of children in Grenada
County has shown large numbers of
them to have physical defects Su- to
pervisioa of tae h^ita of ttfschwl of
children during *he period of school
life is probably one of the most im- tb
pontant and progressive steps that
any community can' make acd is a
question that is regarded as no longer
detotUbta Med^ in^cUon o
school children is officiallv recoe
nized by an ' increasing number of
522. in the UnST
, '
l ? Grenada Couaty we have ex
aminetl 31 schools with an enrollment of
of 2,3z3 pupil*, 1,625 of which were
present for enrollment and 127 of
this n-umber showed defects. * A care
ful study of these defects
that 50 per cent of them
1 toilets,

What County Has Done.
lum. uu per cent oi xnem are pre
ventable and the other 50 per cent
^ be rem ^ di ^ d * If these defects are w0
not corrected they will not only prove
a handicap throughout their 1 school
life, but will be responsible for a
large number of degenerative tip.
eases, such as rheumatism, sciatica,
heart disease, dieae&e of the blood ves
y ;- c
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^• 7 .
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(I ..
t wit
' f
- T Vi
i t
I m
Top Picture—Clinic maintaineu oy Health Department.
Bottom Picture—Destitute Children thlrcn in charge by Health Dept.
Middle Picture—Destitute Chaildren alter taken in charge.
sels - Bn -- ht s disease, disease of th<>
lungs, the most important of which;
hs tuberculosis. If these children of
Grenada County ^ ne elected now !
^ neglected now j
tbe y wlB krow up into manhood and J
womanhood physically unfit. This j
was shown by the recent draft board.-,
«* the drafted army betas
rej< ^ te ^ ^ ysical ^ 5 ^
' k-ould have been corrected m early
ohil f hood - TlAe # pb /. sk ' al . defect ^. whicb i
render " eu n ^ l \ iOT milt ? ry llf€
l J em r unf ; 1 for civi1 L U ^ a %^- 1
Gr ^* nada ^unty is one of the tortu-j
commimit es in that it »«»▼*«»«
lo S' Id We and * ** Sanalor I
f .!? arp VVdl,aJUS <>n 0110 ,
S f ld - , 6 greate6t resoirr< ; e °. f Mis ^ s ;
s ip pi i s not cotton or lumber, but |
i .* The first clinic in the state of Mis- j
s i ss i pp i (and we know of but. one!
other in the south) that was estab-;
jj sb ed f or the correction of defects of
^ htK>1 chi i dre n, is the Grenada clinic.
since the first of March we have €5-i
. AmineA S 64 people in this clinic, th" i
majority of whom were school chil -1
dren. There has been registered mi
th { s clinic up to date 1.064 names. The j
number of persons receiving medical j
treatment as a result of school In-'
speeticn is 2S2. The number of per-j
sons receiving surgical treatment for 1
nose and throat troubles is 124.
eye, ear, nose and throat specialist has j
been vis ting the county twice a.
month and the number who have been j
treated b y him for e y*' trouble is 305. |
Those who are itble . to pay for
sendce of this specialist are expected;
to do so< but re eardless ot the matter
of ""»>«" sa Uon. all set the amejity
tmumenft - }*■ 1)6 remembered that ,
tb * s s P ec * a ^ Rt is noL l^ing pa'd liy
county or the state board of health,
The ? ur ^ cal work done by local l ^
tors is ct>nducted on <the same P lan ~
those that can pay. do so; the others
are given free service - Seventy-five
per cent of th « operations done in this
c,fnic are done oa Sth<x>1 children. It
has been impoeeible to check up all j
the school children on the cprrectionloursel.es
of dental defects. However, we have j
checked up on the Grenada High
School and find that 61 children out;Hies.

the school children on the correction
of dental defects. "-— w - 14
checked up on the
School and find that 61 children out;Hies.
of 119 having defects have been to a
dentist for correction. Estimating that j
three-fourths of all the work done in
the clinic being upon school children,
w0 would now have about 40 per cent
of the defects in school children oor
mfant'and Maternal Welfare Work.
"TTie work of infant and maternal
welfare has been progressing very
satisfactorily under -the supervision of
k .
a child weJtare nurse. Ir. a very short
time we will have every child, both
white and black, in Grenada County
! reeDtered We have obtained the
j gi.tered Wo have obtained the
J names and ages of these children and
j also a history of past, diseases and
present phvsical condition by a direct
method, viz., so-Ior <u» iheir homes.
There we teach ^ horw to
properly care for their children and
i protect them from infectious and con
^itagious 1 is 4 *ses. Children are also
1 brought to the clinic from time to
Um e whwe tbey are weighed anti
jmeaauwd and given physical ex
I amination.
, -We have oz> i-eoord 1 (M babie* who
; have been brought into the clinic for
| var j olls troubles ranging from St
|^ ,tus vimlernourishment.'
j t'he^linic with asafoetida. hags^mund
tbeir 3evlis believin« tha* »hk w niA
p roitect thein ^rainlt who Inner
also with ^raashODPer nests' mofes'
jlee ® iiad taLs o?^Jt ■
P it of the?r Ktomach^ Trich n
i dangHng I
-1 S
rinfJ stomach?; the parents eviden.tl y
j believing tha^ these things in some*
j peculiar, mysterious wav would pro
- e . ? them from diseases '
(Continued on paire nine)
1 __ Q * '
- t
j editor Sentinel: p
| Will you please give apace in your
the]columns for the expression a: a few
words o; appreciation by (he colored I
citizens or the Mr. Herman common- ij
as contained in the following:
, V»e, the people of ML Herman, wish :
to extend to Mr. J. T. Thomas, the
philantaropist of Mississippi, our very
grateful thanks for the courtesy shown I
to u ^. in bringing the picture show to u
us. The pictures startled us almost, ,
yet we saw In them things we kDOw
have too often transpired in our com
munity and which are true today. The
j pictures, we hope, will help us find
and will help ms to live bet-|
j ter and be more discreet and careful '^
about our homes and with our fam-.;
out;Hies. We want to thank Mr. Woods,
joursel.es and will help u:s to live bet-|
14 — — J l '~-- 4 — J -
out;Hies. We want to thank Mr.
{who. brought the pictures an,d for his
j splendid lecture about them. Our
wives and children enjoyed the plc
tures and we believe we all got a good
lessen from them.
We hope to show
ourselves worthy for another, show.
Come again. Our colored brethren
throughout the state should see these
Secretary and Reporter.
$100,000 Appropriated for Support of
Commission. Membership Made
j The legislature at its last session
attempted much road doctoring.
! Among other things, it provided for
! fiie election of the commissioners by
the people and increased the number
i from 3 to 8 , or one for each eongres
| sional district. The highway com
missioner was authorized to elect aj
i engineer at a salary of $5,000 and ex
penses (and expenses are pretty
i heavy when some officers are turned
loose on the public treasury j, and
• fhe »mail sum of $ 100,000 was ap
jpropriated for the year 1920 and the
i same amount for the year 1921 to do
jfray the expenses of the highway dc
| partment.
j The highway department is expect
ed to have offices in Jackson and to
} hold" quarterly meetings, the second
i Tuesdays in January, April, July and
i October. The department is expecr
I ed to cooperate with supervisors and
road commissioners in surveying and
laying out roads.
Section II of the act provides that
the tax collector shall, at the end
of each month, or within 10 days there
after. pay into the state treasury, to
the credit of the state highway fund,
all of the privilege taxes on motor
driven vehicles collected by him dur
ing the month, less commissions al
lowed by law.
Section 12 furtlier provides:
"That one-half of the proceeds of
the motor vehicle privilege tax cre
ated by this act or otherwise pro
vided for by law, as soon as collect
ed and paid into the state treasury
shall be passed to the credit of u
?ond to be set up on the books of the
treasury and to be known as the dis
trict highway fund. That the oth-r
half of said taxes shall in like rnanuer
be credited on the treasurer's books
to a fund to be designated the county
highway fund. The state treasurer
.nd the secretary of the state highway
(commission shall each keep careful
-etord of the amount of taxes paid
! into each of s-aki funds from each
1 .vounry in the state. And there shall
• -P Lop* by the Aecte^-ry-of :U«A
mission a record of the county funds
grouped by counties acoording to the
respective congressional districts in
The purpose and intent c i
this requirement being to keep sap
arate account of the amount of t'n?
tax originating in each of such con
gressional districts both by such dis
tricts and by the counties composing
Each allotment of funds to any
the state.
county of the state, whether from the
above designated district or county
or county highway fund or trom the
federal aid funds or elsewhere, shall
debited against such county on the
books of the commission, so that the
txact gtatug of thQ acc0 unt of each
oo un ty, with the commission, shall at
all times be definitely thown on such
books, and the biennial report of the
wmmiBsioa to ^. he legislature shall dis
close lhe s tatus of every account. The
amounts to the credit of said district
and county highway funds shall at all
«»« hvailable for use ih the Jis
cretion and judgment of the state Uigu
wa commifisi on, in the conways and
of bridges and culverts on same, pro
vided that the vehicle taxes to the
credit of each such counties m the
county highway fund shall be expend
ed only on roads lying within such
county, and that the moneys to the
credit of each of such congressional
district funds shall be expended only
on roads lying within the
composing the district from
such funds were collected."

Mr * ® ^ Bilwrence *
I Editor The Grenada Sentinel.
Grenada ' ******
near Mr ' Lawrence: .
Won>t y° u P^ase during the mst
week of the campaign play up with all
possible emphasis the duty and need
^ a11 democrat* and other support
ers of Cox and Roosevelt giving to the
campaign fund?
Emphasize editorially if you will
t - aat it is not too ] ate for anyone to
p elp Things are coming our way and
W e must not ease up in the slightest;
we must make the supreme effort now.
I Use your news columns and head-j
ij ne8 ju^t as liberally as you can in
caning for contributions and do all
: possible to see that a thorough, per
sonal canvass is made. Thousands who
-have not contributed will do so if
I properly urged. We are depending
u pon them to help and upon your aid
, n P gatting them to do so.
We appreciate what you and your
newspaper have done already and we
ar0 mindful of the limitations on the
space of all newspapers just now.
g n t only a few days remain and J
'^ now Mr. Lawrence, that if necessary
you " ma ke extra sacrifice in the
manner indicated for the cause durin
October 22. 1920.
pnef wind-up period,
0 .
With kind regards,
Sincerely yours,
W. W. MARSH, Treasurer.
__ j
Mrs. J. H. Neely and little son and j
daughter returned Sunday from a
days' visit to relatives in Little Rock.
Mr. Neely wont to Mfempbis Sunday
morning to meet them.
r m!
Ladies' Department' Better Babies*
Contest, Live Stock, Poultry and
Races Create Great Interest
This has been fair week in Grenada.
The management have had many dif
ficulties in getting ready i'qr this oc
casion. To begin with, the grounds
had not been used for fair purposes
for several years, hence it was neces
sary to almost start at the* ground
and come along up with the buildings.
Labor for that purpose, like iabor for
everything else, was not plentiful, and
that, which could be had was costly.
But nothing daunted those who had
set out to have a fair. The chief actor
In carrying forward the program was
Mr. H. B. Barbee, president of the Fair
association, than whom could not be
found a more desirable and capable
man for any work that needs boosting
and pushing. But hardly had Mr. Bar
bee completed the work of rehabilita
tion when the boll weevil began to eat
the cotton and in some quarters in
this locality, almost devoured the
stalks. People said the weevil was
bad and that the cotton crop would be
short, but nobody thought that it
would be as short as it is. The de
pression over the cotton crop very
properly and naturally struck every
business and everybody, with the re
sult that every man began to think
how he was going to get out , of the
wreck—these things crippled fair pros
pects, they hurt the fair. Neverthe
less there was no stopping of fair
preparations—retreat at that stage
was out of the question. So, taken all
in all, the fair management is to he
doubly congratulated on w r hat was ac
JLrir.H mPatoee.
the corn, the pumpkins and the vege
tables, furnished the lesson that there
were many things right at the doors
of the people of this immediate section
about which many would almost mar
vel if they saw them away from hom.\
The enchantment of distance is a
trait in human nature that was coui
It took but a few minutes survey of
the fair grounds to realize Tuesday
that every department had many who
were interested in having their "ex
hibits properly placed'' and who hoped
"for the awerd by the judges." The
premiums listed by the Fair manage
ment were enough to quicken the zeal
and the energy of every exhibitor. A
hurried trip from the ladies' depart
ment to the poultry department, then
the swine, then the cattle and the
horses, aud later to the grand stand.
mented on by the Savior and the pass
ing of days does not seemed to have
abated in the least the propensity of
thinking that the one somewhere else
"can do it better."
Outside of the exhibits on the ' mid
way'' appealed to a great many and
furnished a very desirable diversion.
The foot ball game Wednesday
fired the enthusiasm of the school
folks. The game was hotly contested.
From the very beginning, the crowd
saw that a sure enough ball "scrap"
was on and the American people, both
old and young, long ago evinced a
very decided interest in scraps, even
it be chickens or canines.
Wednesday's dawn brought not a
very assuring day. While the weath
er was cooler and the'winds had got
ten around to the North., ever and
anon a mist of rain fell. But within
only a few' hours, the sky came into
view, and the elements began to smile
on the Fair. One of the first fea
tures of the morning was the horse
back riders, which consisted of both
ladies and gentlemen. These got in
line up town and made a very at
tractive sight as they cantered to
the Flair grounds. Mr. A. T. Inman
got two blue ribbons on his saddle
mare while the red ribbon went to
Mr. H. T. Calhoun and the white rib
bon to Mr. R. W. Jones.
There were IbO babies entered in
the Better Babies' Contest Wednes
day and the doctors and the nurses
were kept busy indeed in grading the
little fellows. No official announce
(Continued on page nine) f
, f - f Fourth
n - l-"i' ..''l 1 "of'w^molr < rinh<
. n l , , ,, ." r _ , \w*"i a-in ?
wl * De .\ov. ana
. lbe pUbnc 1S 'Vp? , ,, „
sessions The following pro
1 MONDAY ^ -30 P M
1 ^ J fi *«•
«bltomc from Hostess Club
......Mrs. Cowles Horton
Music—Vocal Solo .
.-.Miss Corine Tucker
Presentation by Hostess Club of Dis
trict President.:
Response Address of Welcome
Music—Piano Solo.
Mrs. J. C. Fair
Mrs. Joe B. Taylor
Officers' Report.
MONDAY 7:30 P. M.
Rev. J. R. Cunningham
Addiess ..
. -—Mrs. Sam Covington, State Pres.
! Music—Vocal Solo
Address .
Mrs. F. S. Hill
Dr. Edith Lowry, University
Musie—Violin Solo.MissKleiser
j Short Business Session
! Announcements.
j TUESDAY 9:00 A. M
tenljf^jj.—(To be supplied )
Business Session
Election of Officers,

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