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RANCI?: OP THERMOMETER.
Rang? ot thermometer at The Tlnioe office yesterday was as follows: S A. M.. ??; 12 M.. ?H; 3 G. ?? ?!?? 61'. 01.. ?: ? P. M., 3S; 12 M., S4. Average temperature, 41.33. VOL..15. NO. 15. WRATHER FORECAST. Forecast for Sunday and Monday: ?For.Virginia.and North Carolina?Cold wave and fair weather-Sunday*, high., but diminishing northwesterly winds. ? Mon? day fair, with rising temperature. TWENTY PAGES. RICHMOND, VA., SUNDAY. FEBRUARY 25, 1900. PKICE THBEE CENTS. ' LYNCHBURG BAR IS IN Scheme to Legislate Judge Whittle Out of Office. LAWYERS PROTEST. Henry County, Where He Resides, Made Part of Other Circuit." THE BILL STRONGLY CONDEMNED A Stroui? Committee Coniin*; Hereto Take Action Against the Mea? sure?The Servant Problem in Lynchbur-j?Captain I?. H. T, Adams is Paralyzed. LYNCHBURG, VA, Feb. 24.?Special.? Seldom in its history has the bar of Lynchburg been -more thoroughly aroused than to-d:iy, -when it ivas learned that a bill which has just been introduced in the Legislature, rearranging and dimin? ishing tho number of judicial circuits In lhe State, would have the effect of legis? lating Judge Stafford G. Whittle from office at the -close of his present term, Henry county, in which he resides, being made a part of the circuit for which John Randolph Tucker, of Bedford City, has pust been elected. MASS-MEETING TO PROTEST. A largely-attended mass-meeting of lawyers was held and.strong resolutions adopted condemning the bill and declaring that It would result disastrously to the Commonwealth and to this circuit. The chairman of the meeting. Captain Charles G??. Biackford, noting under the resolutions, appointed a committee, con? sisting of Randolph Harrison, N. C. Man son, Jr., John L. Lee. George E. Caskie. and Judge John D. Horsley. to take every action that they might deem advisable to defe-Lt the proposed measure. THE SERVANT PROBLEM. Housekeepers of Lynchburg are con? fronted with ?juite a serious problem in the matter or securing servants. For some time past employment agents here bave been eon?lucting un active campaign in sending servants to northern cities, und consequently there has been a fle clded scarcity of help in certain quarters. Tho City Council at a recent meeting imposed a license tax of ?d?? on employ? ment agencies, to go into effect May 1st. This action on the part of the Council has aroused the employment agents to greater activity than ever. DRUMMED UP WITH A BAND. One of them hired the colored band and paraded the streets of the city, and at the head of the procession there were a. number of colored boys '-faring ban? ners, on which good jolts and high wages in northern cities were advertised. The leading employment agent here claims that he will not be driven out of Lynch? burg. but that to escape the tax he may move just across the bride to the Am herst side. CAPTAIN ADAMS ILL. Captain R. 11. T. Adams has suffered a stroke of paralysis. Involving his entire right side. Ills condition to-day. while still regarded as desperate, is slightly more favorable than on yesterday. EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION. Salute of Thirteen Guns Fired on Their Arrival in Jackson. JACKSON. MISS.. Fob. 24.?The special train of twelve Pullmans, bearing about five hundred delegates to the iifteenth annual conference of the National Edito? rial Association, reached Jackson this af? ternoon. Two thousand people assembled at tt-.e depot to greet the visitors, and a calute of thirteen guns was tired. After dinne?- the editors a.nd their fami? lies were given a trolley rl?.1e over tho ?city and tan informal reception was held at the residenc?' of P.. H. Henry, presi? dent -of the association- The delegates then assembled in Repr?sentatives' Hall, where, aadresses of welcome were deliv red by Governor 'Longino, Liutenant Govemor R. 11. Richardson, Bishop Cal Joway an-j others. Responses were made by Joseph Macabe, of Boston, and F. B. B?illon, -of Texas. The editors were seated to a banquet in Masonic Hall ??? ?:'.gilt, which was followed by a hall. ROUTE FOR PACIFIC CABLE. Admiral Bradford Has Received the ?lcjiort ?if <*omm-:-ul?'r liod-??s. NEW YORK Feb. 21.?Admiral Brad? ford, Chief ?of the Equipment Bureau, has received the report of Commander Hodges of the Nero, upon the survey made by that vessel of the Pacific ocean, to find a. practicable route for a submarine cable from California to Honolulu, Guam, Mid? way Island, Luzon and Tj okohoma. Commander Hodges reports that the currents of the Pacific arc very variable and erratiti, and subject to a tidal in liueuce, especially in the vacinity of reefs and i?s!o.nds, so that very careful navi? gation is necessary, especia"!}? from the Hawaiian Islands to Midway. A strong current of one to two knots an hour set? ting ?with the -wind, frequently changed ?to nothing in light weather in a single day. BIDS OPENED For the Erection of Ship-Fitters" Shop at Xorlolk Xavy Yard. WASHINGTON. Feb. 24.?Bids were opened af the Navy Department to-day for the erection of a ship-titters' shop at the Norfolk Navy Yard. The lowest bid? der was the Penn Bridge Company, of Beaver Falls. at'SM.GlG. I .es Torn From His Body. DANVILLE, VA. Feb. 24.?Special.?A well-dressed white man was killed on the "Southern Railway bridge acr-ss Dan river to-night |>y freight train No. 74. From a letter in bis pocket his mime Is sup? posed to be John Burrel. One of his logs ?was toni from his body and lost in the river thirty feet below. (No clue could be "obtained as ?? where he hailed from. *-*rl?o<?iu-r ? leak. aMirjJADDLPJ'TA, PA.. Feb. 24.?The ?telawar..? ftrea invaler Station riports that the schooner Anna, from Pensa?ola for. New York, arrived ut this' port to-day in a leaking conation, and will probably tow to New York. AN ATTACK ON ' . MR. LITTLEFIELD Arraigned for Opposition . Speech Friday. PORTO RICAN DEBATE Effort to Bring About United Action on Part of Majority. HAWAIIAN BILL IN SENATE. Mr. Tillnian Attacked the Bill in a Vehement Speech and Incidental? ly Arraigned Senator Morgan for Alleged Lack of Courte? sy in Refusing to Yield for a Reply. WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.?Throughout the debate on the Porto Mean bill in tho House of Representatives to-day there was an undercurrent of speculation on the outcome o? the efforts to bring about united action on the part of the ma? jority members of the House. Fre<iuent conferences were held between represen? tatives of the various elements. The debate brought out a speech by Representative Tawney, of Minnesota; scoring Mr. Llttlefield, of Maine, for his speech of yesterday, and also two speeches from the Republican side by Mr. Tonipklns. of Nevi York, and Mr. Powers, of Vermont, opposing .the bill. Mr. Thayer, of Massachusetts, closed the day with a defence of the anti-imperial? ists. The other speakers were Mr. Eddy,? of Minnesota, for the bill, and Messrs. Clayton, of Alabama, and Broussard, of Louisiana, against it. Mr. Clayton, of Alabama, was the first speaker of the day, presenting a legal argument against the bill. He maintained that the United States military forces held Porto Rico at the time of the treaty, and that the island became as much a part of the United States as the Terri? tory of Arizona. MR. LITTLEF1ELD ARRAIGNED. ?Mr. Tawney,-of Minnesota, a member of the Ways and Means Committee, en? livened- the debate by a set-ere arraign? ment of Mr. Llttlefield, of Maine, for his speech of yesterday, attacking the bill and its promoters. "What reason is there," exclaimed Mr. Tawney, "for the unusual and unprece? dented course of the gentleman from Maine, compelling him to leave the ranks of the Republican party and to join tha ranks of the 13emo?;ratic party? Why is it that he should exhibit the want of decent courtesy to the Ways and Means Committee and to ?the distinguished gen? tleman on the floor? Can it be the spruce lumber interests of Maine who will have to pay on their product entering- Porto Rico f>0 cents per thousaml feet? Is It the people of Maine who raise their voice against this? No, it is the lumber barons of Maine, the oppressors of the people for whom the gentleman declaims so fiercely." Mr. Llttlefield listened to the speech, but made no effort to answer. 'Mr. Broussard. of Louisiana, opposed the bill and controverted the figures given by Mr. "rayne, particularly in their reference to sugar aiul rice. As to the latter articles he said Porto Rico af? forded a large market for the American product which should lie retained. In the Senat??. WASHINGTON*. Feb. 24.?Throughout the session to-day the Senate had under consideration the Hawaiian government bill. The discussion took a wide range, but ihe basis of it was an amendment offered by Mr. Platt, of Connecticut, as to the appointment and tenure of office of the judges of Hawaiian courts. Mr. Tillman, of South Carolina, em? braced the opportunity to deliver a characteristic spech, in the course of which he made a stinging attack upon Mr. Morgan, of Alabama, and vigorously opposed many provisions of the bill, particularly those -which relate to suf? frage. Mr. Penrose, of Pennsylvania, gave notice that he would call up the Quay case again on Monday and would in? sist upon its consideration. In course of the consideration of the Hawaiian ?overamei?t bill. Mr. Tilintan, Demo? crat, of South Carolina, made a vehem? ent attack upon the measure and ar? raigned Senator Morgan, of Alabama, for alleged lack of courtesy. "The oligarchy which exists In Hawaii," declared Mr. Tillman. "and which this bill perpetuates, is powerful and unscrupulous. It is nn-autocracy greater than ever existed outside Russia. "I sympathize with the Senator fr_m Connecticut in his i-fforts to secure a properly appointed judiciary for the is? lands, a. jqdlciary not controlled by the oligarchy which now- has Its grip on the islands;" 1TXCOURTBOUS TREATMENT. Referring to an incident which occurred the otner day, in which Mr. Morgan, of Alabama, declined to yield to .Air. Till? man, to reply to a statement made by Mr. Wolcott, of Colorado, concerning the "suppressed vote" of South Carolina, Mr. Tillman said: "1 have felt indignant at the treatment 1 received from the Senator (Morgan). Never in my expe? rience in the Senate have I been treated so discourteously by any member of the Senate." Mr. Morsali endeavored to interrupt Mr. Tillman, but the latter waved him as?de saying: "I decline to yield to the Senator. He hast put himself outside the pale of courtesy and consideration, so far as I am concerned." He then explained the circumstances of Mr. Morgan'.s refusal to permit him tt> reply to Mr. Wolcott. "W?ieh 1 rase to explain the situation in 'South Carolina as it was presented by the Senator from Colorado, the Senator from Alabama said: No, I cannot permit you to speak now. I'll leave you to light it out some other time.' "It was the first -time In my experience that I have ever been refused a hearing In like circumstances. No Republican would have ?lenled me the privilege, be? cause there is no man on that side of the chamher so lacking In courtesy and decency." ?? LETHARGY. ??Mr. Tillman then explained that under the present constitution of South Carolina there were ahout 114,000 registered voters, 14.000 of whom were colored. Jiinety-nlne I per cent of the white vote in the State, ? he said, ivas Democratic. In the summer j primaries fully ninety per cent, of the ; registered votes were cast. At these pri- j maries the contests for the State offices | (Continued on Third Pase.) i i .:?:??:":??? ' "?' lANDS will VISIT RICHMOND The Carnival in May to be ? Mammoth Affair. ASSOCIATION FORMED. A Charter Granted and All Now Ready for the Work. MUCH MONEY WILL BE NEEDED. A Largo Amount Will he Raisctl, and Many Thousands of Dollars Will be Spent Here by the Visitors. Evcrylliiiii?; Now Points to a Tremendous S ucee ss. A meeting of the Executive Committee of the Richmond Carnival Association was held at the Chamber ot Commerce yesterday afternoon at 1 o'clock. There was a large attendance and the question of a definite date and time of holding the Carnival was discussed. Dr. Lane, of the Bostock Carnival Com? pany, was invited to take the iloor, and he addressed the committee for some min? utes, giving them several important rea? sons for holding the Carnival in the spring. RECONSIDERED. After the general discussion of the question, Mr. O. 11. K?nsten said that he did not agree with Mr. Bostock's rep? resentative in saying that Richmond could not get as large a crowd in tho fall as it could in the spring, but in order to get the views of all the Executive Com? mittee he moved for a reconsideration of the question of the time for the hold? ing of the carnival, so that the matter might be fully ventilated and finally set? tled. He stated that after hearing all that Mr. Bostock's representative had said he was still Iti favor of having the carnival in the fall, but if it was the desire of the committee to change the date it should be done, at once. Mr. Funsten's motion was adopted. Mr. Jake Wells stated to the commit? tee that he thought these carnivals a fad of the day, and that the sooner it was held the better. He said that the Hagenback combination was the proper one to engage, as it was the best of_its kind on the road, and Richmond wanted the best. In regard to the time, he thought spring the best 'season, as at that time the amusements have not travelled over the country, and their scenery is in better condition. DATE CHANGED. Mr. Robert Lecky, Jr., said that he was in favor o? 'the spring, and gave many excellent reasons for his views. He moved that the carnival be held in the spring, beginning on the 14th of May. On the question several members spoke and the committee voted to hold the carnival on that date. Mr. Bryan moved 'that the Amuse? ment Committee be authorized to enter into and make such contracts for the amusements during the carnival as seemed to them necessary antl proper. RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED. The following resolutions, as sub? mitted by Mr. O. Herbert Funsten, were adopted: Resolved, That the corporation which it is proposed to form under the name of the Richmond Carnival Association shall be organized as soon as the mini? mum capital stock of $1,000 has been subscribed, and that an effort shall be made 'to secure subscriptions at once to the extent of $10.000 as has been agreed upon as the maximum, capital stock of the said association, and that to this end a subscription list shall be circulated, and that each subscriber shall affix his name thereto stating the number of shares for which ho subscribes. Resolved. That a committee of three be appointed to draft by-laws for the government of the Richmond Carnival Association, to be submitted for adoption at the meeting? to be held for the or? ganization of the said association. The committee after transacting other matters of minor importance in regard to the Carnival, adjourned. The Executive Committee and all sub? committees will meet in joint session at the Chamber of Commerce on Tuesday, the 27th, at S P. M.. to consider business of utmost importance, and it Is desired that every member be present. CHARTER GRANTED. The Richmond Carnival Association was granted a charter yesterday morning by Judge B. R. Wellford, Jr., of the Circuit Court, with the following incorporators: Messrs. Alex. H. Meyer, John D. Potts. John S. Harwood, O. Herbert Funsten, J. L. Hill and Jake Wells. The objects of the association are to conduct in Richmond city or Ilenrico county such exhibitions.and displays off the manufactures, resources and indus? tria] enterprises of this antl other cities, counties and States as 'they may deem proper. The maximum capital stock is to he 510,000 and the minimum $1,000. The shares are to be $10 each. The principal office is to be in Richmond. The officers are as follows: President, Ales. H. Meyer; ?'Ice-President, John S. Harwood; Treasurer, O. Herbert Funs ten; Secretary. I-I. D. Eichelberger. Directors?Messrs. A. L. * Adamson, James D. Patton, P. A. S." Brine, John Stewart Bryan, C. O'B. Cowardin, XV. S. Copeland. A. J. DafTron H. D. Eichel? berger, H. C. Epps, O. Herbert Funsten, Marx Gunst, ?. A. Hawkins, John S. Harwood, J. L. Hill, H. C. Jones. S. Stewart Hume. Lee (Lorraine, A. J. Mar? cuse. Robert Lecky, Jr., Alex. H. Meyer, L. O. Miller. Morgan R. Mills, L. Z. Mor? ris, John Murphy, W. C. Noland. A. L. Phillips, John D. Potts, G. K. Pollock, C. W. Saunders. E. P. Valentine, W. J. Whitehurst. H. L. Wilson, J"ud. B. Wood, H. H. Wood, G. Watt Taylor, S. W. Travers and II. L. Valentine. THE OBJECTS. With 'the view of presenting to the public the idea of the incorporation, as to the aim and object of the Richmond Carnival Association, I called upon one of Us officers for the desired information. Ho said that the association is the outcome of the recent Street Fair agitation, and that If the public had' any conception of the amount of labor necessary to create the proper public interest in a ?matter of s_ch nubile concern,? the pri? mary object of the .association wyouId be enough to grive it a warrm spot iri .every. .citizen's .heart.. Its first object, said he, is to have ready at call?an .organization (Continued on Third Page.) y U. S. TRANSPORT IN GREAT PERIL McPherson Breaks Her Propeller in a Storm. AT MERCY OF WINDS. len Put on Short Rations as a Pre? caution. FRUIT STEAMER TOWS HER IN. One Hundred and Sixty-Five Bodies of Dead Soldiers on Board?The Transport Is Now Safe in Hamp? ton lioads and -Will be Towed to' New York. Thrilling Voyage. NORFOLK, VA., Feb. 24.?Special.? The United States transport McPherson, bound from Gibara, Cuba, for New York, was towed into Hampton Roads this morning by the fruit steamer Admiral 'Sampson. The McPherson's propeller broke off last Monday while 440 miles at sea off Charleston, and tine ship, with 1GS men and officers aboard, drifted about at sea until yesterday, when the Samp? son picked her up. Two storms passed while the disabled vessel was at sea, but notwithstanding the great peril Lieuten? ant Edgar Macklin, of San Juan, who was aboard, says that admirable discipline prevailed. ? PUT ON SHORT RATIONS. Though there were thirty days' rations aboard, all were put on quarter rations after the breakdown. The storm on Wednesday blew the Mc? Pherson toward Bermuda, and those aboard believe they saw the outline of that island. Major Hutchins, commanding the trans? port, was thrown down in tne storm and dangerously hurt. *? Had not a jury sail been rigged on the transport she would have foundered in tho -storm. BODIES ABOARD There are ?G5 bodies of soldiers aboard the McPherson, which (were brought home for reinterment; of these G5 are of those who ?lied of yellow fever. The transport sailed from Gibara for New York, February 17th. She is still in Hampton Boads to-night, but will be towed' to New York ?when-,/the weather is favorable. Storm signals are up to? night. The Admiral Saimpson, which proceeded on her voyage, expects to receive $50,000. THRILLING EXPERIENCE. FORT MONROE, VA., Feb. 24.?Special. The transport had a thrilling experience. During tiie heavy storm of Monday, while 4*0?.Tniles at sea, she broke iher pro? peller shaft and drifted helplessly for many hours almost to the coast Vf Ber? muda. Assistance was asked of a little Italian steamer, but her captain was afraid the big transport would swamp her. Excellent discipline prevailed. Contem? plating any emergency rations were Im? mediately cut down to all of the 1GS people aboard. Much personal bravery was shown. GREAT BRAVERY. When it appeared that the broken shaft must snap the rudder unless secured, the entire crew volunteered for the dan? gerous duty. The four men selected per? formed the task successfully, and the ship, then manageable', was put under sail -power. Wednesday a severe storm arose, which drove her further out of her course. Thursday night a Ward liner stood by for three hours, but the trans? port was making headway oinder sail. Ysterday morning, however, she accepted the Admiral Sampson's assistance. The difficult work of securing the tow line was accomplished by throwing it over? board attached to a life buoy. In the midst of the storm Major Hutch-, ins, in charge of the ship, was thrown violently against the superstructure and severely injured'. A GOOD SHIP. Considerable anxiety has been felt in regard'to the McPherson for, several days past, and much relief is experienced at her arrival in port. She left Santiago on the loth -instant, and was due in New York city on the 20th. The McPherson is classed? as a troop and freight ship, and is attached to the Atlantic transport fleet, being engaged in the transportation of troops and sup? plies between New York and Cuban and' Porto Rican ports. She was -formerly the Obdam, and was purchased b3_ the gov? ernment for $250,000 at the outbreak or the Spanish ?,-ar and rechristened Mc? Pherson. She has a tonnage of 3,(56, and was regarded as am excellent ship of her class. ANXIETY FELT. WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.?Considerable anxiety had been felt here as* to the McPherson for -several days past, and much relief is experienced at her ar? rival in port. She left Santiago on. the 15th Instant, and was due at New York city on the 20th. The McPherson is classed" as a troop and freight ship, and was attached to the Atlantic transport float being engaged in the transportation of troops and supplies between New York and Cuban and Porto Rican ports. She has a tonnage of-3,65G, and was re? garded as an excellent ship of her class. Later in rh? day it was ascertained that the McPherson carried an extra shaft piece, and it was ordered that the vessel be sent to the ship-yard at New? port News, provided the necessary re? pairs could be made there without much delay. Otherwise the vessel will be tow^d to New York for repairs. PASSENGERS ABOARD. The McPherson Is In charge of Major Hutchins. She brought a number of pas? sengers from Santiago, Including several discharged soldiers; also, the bodies of ninety-six soldiers who died in Cuba, and a miscellaneous cargo. All thb passengers who choose to do so may disembark at Fort Monroe. The vessel Is now anchored off that port. The soldier dead are to be brought to this city for Interment in the National Cemetery at Arlington. In case of delay In makinfe the repairs it Is probable that the bodies will be brought direct to Washington from Fort Monroe instead of bilng allowed to remain on the vessel until she reaches New York. ___?- ? No Smallpox iM Clinton. ; RiAILDIGdl, N. C. Fob. 24.?A special ? to the News and Observer from Canton. ??N. C, denies the report that smallpox is prevalent there and In Clyde. There is not a case In either-town. COL. W. C. ELAM u DIES IN LOUKA" Brilliant Virginia Editor Passes Away. WAS A BRAVE SOLDIER Was a Prominent Figure in the Poli? tical History of the Old Dominion. BORE SCARS OF MANY BATTLES. For .Many Years Was Tlirousr? Hi Paper. the Iicco??;iiize?_ mouth Piece of the ** Kcatljaster " Party and Won for Himself Fame and Keiiown?A Sketch of His Career. NORFOLK, Feb. 21.-Colonel William C. Elam, editor-in-chief of the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot, died at his home, in Louisa county, to-day. For some time Colonel .Elam had been unwell, but the end came shortly past 1 o'clock this af? ternoon. Colonel Elam was sixty-four years of ag-e. , He is survived by a widow and a, family. He was born in Fayetteville, N. C, but was of Virginia parentage, and shortly after the war became a resident of this State. SKETCH OF HIS LJFE.' Colonel William C. Elam was a native of North Carolina. At an early age the support of his widowed mother and family devolved upon him. He entered the Con? federate service when but a youth and served throughout the war, winning pro? motion in the line of his duty by deeds of heroism and gallantry. He was seriously wounded at Trevilllan, In Louisa county, and was there cared for by the family of the present Mrs. Elam. It was then as the result of the tender ministrations of the young lady who later became his wife that he subsequently cast hislot with the people of this 'State and made it his home. He located in Virginia shortly after the war and was identified with various Rich? mond papers, particularly the Richmond Whig. Colonel Elam rose from the position of a'reporter to that of editor-in-chief of tl^ls paper, the oldest, and at that time, one ti? the most influential journals in the State.; He was at one time assistant to the gifted and veteran editor, Alexander Moseley. As editor of the Whig Colonel Elam won great distinction. - In that capacity he was early' throiamwtth the late General Wil? liam ifahone, the then leader of the Con? servative party in the State of Virginia, and subsequently, and for so long a preiod, the recognized head of the Repub? lican party. The Whig was the party organ of what was known as the "Read juster" party, also led by' General Ma hone, and with this movement Colonel Elam early cast his lot, and it was as the editorial writer of the Whig, during the period that the Readjuster party controll? ed the State, that Colonel Elam won his great reputation. It was probably the most exciting political period through which Virginia ever passed. At that time there was a greater division among the white people of the State than has ever existed since the war, and the feeling be? tween the? opposing factions was -very in? tense. It was during this tempestuous period that Colonel Elam, with a display ot courage and skill rarely equalled, but? tled 'for his party"s. rights and made the 'Richmond Whig the oracle of the Read? juster party. His editorials attracted the attention of tho entire country, and he was easily the recognized master of journalism in the Stat_ As the result of Iris 'writings at ithis period, he became Involved in two duels, one in the year ISSO with Col? onel Thomas Smith, of Warrenton, son of ex-Governor William Smith, and Chief Justice of New Mexico, under the Cleve? land administrations. This duel was fought just below Oakwood Cemetery. In this duel Colonel Elam received a -wound in the chin, but was riot seriously In? jured. Some years subsequent he " fought another duel ' with Colonel Richard Beiriie, the editor of the Richmond State. In this duel, which was fought near Port Republic, Rocklngham county. Colonel Elam received' a severe wound, which for a time It was feared would prove fatal, but he recovered^ Colonel Beirne was not rwounded, but the bullet from Colonel Elam's pistol passed through his clothing. _ ' / ' While of a nature exceedingly retiring and onodest in the extreme, he was a man most courageous, morally and phys? ically, and was ever ready to resent an Insult, either with pen or the more dan? gerous weapon, the pistol. He was of delicate siatnre, of an extremely nervous tempermenit, and as gentle as a child in manner and disposition, but with all was as coot and collected as one could well be. even _t the mouth of a pistol, and this, too, -when It was known by all that he was so 'near-sighted that he could see but a few yards ahead of him. Dr. Lewis Wheat, the physician who ac comp'anietl him on his duels, relates of him that in the height of danger he was as unconcerned" and collected as if en? gaged in his usual pastime pf writing an editorial or an entertaining article in the magazine. Colonel Elaan held various positions of public trust, all of which he filled with? great credit and satisfaction. He wu3 for four years secretary of the Common? wealth during Governor Cameron's ad? ministration. - He also represented Louisa county, which he always con? sidered as his 'home, -in the General As? sembly, and -was one of the party lead? ers in that body. Subsequently he held a prominent position in the Department of the Interior under the Hairison ad? ministration. Of late y?are Colonel Elam has taken no active part in politics, especially- -With the Republican party, as he differed radi? cally with .the party as to the sliver question. Since 'that issue became 'go prominent he, with his usual ardor and, zeal, espoused that cause, hartng "ac? cepted- the editorship of the Norfolk Vlr ,ginian-Pilot. As the editor? ?G thart paper I he .still displayed marked ability as ah editorial writer. ; Colonel Elam is survived by a widow and.-quite ? large family of children, most of whom reside In Louisa. One of his sons is iti government service at Washington. Colonel Elam was .greatly, beloved- and respected by ."??.the..'.people, among wjiom he lived, and they,, with, his family and. a host of friends through? out the State^-for but few men had. more or better- friends?mourn his; loss. He (.Continued on Seconil Paje.) IMPOSSIBLE FOR CRONJE TO ESCAPE War Office Has no News of His Surrender? THE BERLIN REPORT Stating Cronje Has Escaped is Lack? ing in Confirmation. A STEADY BUT SLOW ADVANCE. Ladysmith Reported by Heliosraph That tho Boers Were " Iietirin?-? Northward in Large Numbers. The Relief of ?he Place Shortly is Considered Certain. LONDON, Feb. 25.-4 P. H.?,Since 2:15 o'clock yesterday afttemoon nothing has been received from the scene of what the Lond?n papers call General Cronje's death, struggle, the war officials announcing at 'midnight that- they had nothing to give out. They stated .that they beHeved it Impossible for Cronje to escape from the grip of Lord Roberts. The report circulated In Berlin that Cronje had succeeded in making his es? cape came from the Boer headquarters In Brussels-, where it is stated that de? rails were still lacking. The only nertvs from other parts of tiie seat of war received during the nighit. Is a special dispatch from Oolenso, under date of February 24th, stating that the British, in spite of strong opposition, wag advancing slowly but surely, and driv? ing the Boers from the kopjes between Grohlos K'.op and Hangwane. Jjiwiysmlth reported by heliograph on Friday that the Boers were retiring nonthward In farge numbers. Meanwhile, ?the certainty of relief is so strong at Durban that the authorities are aottvely preparing trainloads of provisions, luxu? ries and medical comforts for dispatch to beleaguered towns as soon as communi? cations are reopened. ? CRONJE'S POSITION. No Confirm?t Ion of Che Report of His , Surrender. LONDON. Feb. -?4?2:10 P. M.?The dis? patch from Paardeberg dated Thursday, February ?2d, made public this afternoon shows that the comBtion of General Cronje, apparently, hatr'not changed for the better or worse up to Thursday, and -?onflrmation of the Durban 'report an? nouncing General Cronje's surrender, is eagerly awaited. At this hour the Wat Office has no news, and it is regarded as a curious fact that the first news of the surrender, if true, should have -come from Durban. Lacking better authoritj* the Durban dispatch is re>rarded as a doubtful announcement. Th? arrival o? the British supply column at Paardeberg may have given General Roberts the op? portunity to resume his fierce attack on General Cronje's,laager, for doubtless he could not keep up the vigorous cannon? ade with which he started. Possibly, the long waft may be due to a determina? tion to endeavor to starve out General Cronje's gallant force. Other late Paardeberg dispatches say the Boers' plight is still hopeless and that Lord Roberts Is ready to meet all their rein? forcements. From General Buller there ?3 nothing new, but retreat of General Cronje seems to be having an effect on the Cape Boers as a Dordrecht despatch, dated February 22d, says they opened negotiations for submission. General Brabant is treating with them and, in deference to the wishes of the Governor of Cajpe Colony, Sir Alfred Milner, is offering lenient terms, in the meanwhile ceasing offensive opera? tions. A special despatch from Arundel, under date of February 2i'rd. says: 'The Boers have formed a strong force seven miles west of here. General Clem? ents has kept up a searching fire on their? kopjes. We expect to take their position before sunset." A war bulletin published In Pretoria. February 22d, said communication with General Cronje was still open February 21st and that reports of heavy fighting occurring east of General Cronpe's laager have been received. A Sterkstroom despatch of February 23d says a British refugee from Heidel? berg asserts that the Boers have ad? mitted losing five hundred men in the as? sault on Ladysmith, January 6th, and that It was true General Joubert was no longer In command. He added that some Free Staters were publicly flogged for cowar? dice, after the battle of Betmont. The British casualties at Koodoesberg Drift. February 7th and Klip Kraal, February ltjth, were seven officers wound? ed, four men killed and 96 men wounded. LITTLE CHANGE. Two Thousand Boers Reported North of Paardeber?? Drift. PAARDEBERG, Thursday, Feb. 22. There is little change in the sltuationl There wa3 intermittent shelling to-day. and during the night a large suprply column arrived. Bit Is reported that 2,000 Boers are operating northward of this place. Yes? terday evening, after the last gun had been fired, the Shropshlres rushed for? ward 200 yards further towards the bid'" of the river "and round a number of Boers dead. ' General French captured 7S more pris? oners, -who had previously escaped the cordon, and a patrol on the westward side took thirty more. FORCES TOGETHER. A Dispatch From Kr?ger to Dr. Lcyds to Th la Effect. NEW YORK. Feb. 24.?A cable dis? patch from the Hague to a prominent Dutch resident of New York, printed ia the Evening Journal, says: "Dr. ?Leyds has received the follow1****** dispatch from President Kr?ger: -*"'Free State and Transvaal forces t*??? gether south of Paardeberg. Reinforetd and well lntreifthed.* " . ON THE TUGEm.< V Boer? Report a Repulse for Brit ist? With HeavyIiOM. BOER HEAD LAAGER, NATAL. Fri? day. Feb. ?a?"Yesterday * the ; Brttfek* ?ffantlamd on g--* Fuit RICHMOND AS A Large" Wholesale Bus? iness by Local Firms. SUPPLIES FIVE STATES The Two Virginias, Both Carolinas and Tennessee. PROSPECTS FOR BUSINESS. Bright Outlook for the Presene Year and Larsely Increased Ksvenue Seems Assured ? New York?, Philadelphia and Baltimore the Only Competitors of lEichmond in Souih. As a wholesale city Richmond enjoys ! a prestige among the cities of the South : that is most enviable. As a wholesale ! drug market the capital of the Old Do j minion ranks well. The wholesale drug ? houses ot this city have in their terri? tory New York, Philadelphia and Bal? timore houses as their only competitors, those of the other Southern cities taking no part. ? ? The territory covered, though somewhat limited, (it being necessarily restrlctetl owing to the peculiar characteristics ot of the trade) comiprlses the States of Virginia, West Virginia. North Carolina. South Carolina and the greater rortien of Tennessee. These States are supplied for the greater part by Richmond Arms. Last year the total amount of 'business done by the wholesale departments of the Richmond drug business was. In round numibers. over one million dol? lars, and this year the business done will, according to the present outlook, greatly exceed that amount. THE FIRJMS. While in the directory the following firms appear as wholesale drugglsis: The Bouffcer ?Drug Company; Albert _. Briggs, Owens & Minor Drug Company. Powers-Taylor Drug Company, Purcell, 'Ladd & Company. A. ri. Rabbins, Wil? liam ?. Scott and XV. F. Warlnner. There are but two of the llrms mentioned which devote themselves exclusively to the wholesale "business. Thes??- two are Purcell, Ladd Jt Company, and Powers Taylor Drug Company. The other firms mentioned In connection with the whole? sale branches also conduct retail busi-, ness. ? PATENT MEDIC-NFS. Richmond ranks well In the patent med? icine business, but owlns to the peculiar contract method In vogue, the territory Is limited. However, 'most of the towns and cities in the States mentioned con? sider (Richmond as the distributing point. ? As a market for crude drugs Richmond j has. with other cities, shared a common fute. The crude drug 'business is not what it once was. owing to th?* fact th it most all ot the druggists now purchase the tinctures and extract:?, the prodm.-t of the many pharmaceutical manufactur? ing plants. Th? retailer now seldom use3 the raw material in his bur-:n?*3-. the various preparation.-! now b<?iri_ furnisl-.e?! him. in a shape ready for almost ins.ant us??. The sates of driisggists' sundrl.""*. mad by j_ichr?ioi:?l aro:* (tnunjixt to rr.<-i:?* tnousssda each year, and this department of the wholesale dr-.tg bus'ness is a m^st tmoortartt one. Tha various wh,->Ie?-a*e drug houses of this _ity ara reit?esented by sixteen traveling nv-n. . Bishop FIo?i?I Very Hi. -?*_rtv"B??P.GIi. X. Y.. Feb. 24.?Bishop Jam.s Walter Hood, of th$? A. M. B. Zian church, ?s ver?.- ill with pneumonia at t_o home of a friend h'-re. Bishop Hood '.a seventy-six?;?, year of age. and hi-i coali? tion is serious. His wife has bee.! s-.*in? moned irom their home at Fayeti!/--i?le. N". C". The P.ishop caught cold a: Fjshkill. while attending a reception given in his honor. ????/ nt I ti.? Jr fTersr,??. The following appears on the Jefferson register:; "Mr. and Hon. Mrs.. Bromley and maid. England." Mr. and Mrs. Bromley were man-led In Washington yesterday, she being the daughter of Lord Pauncefote. the English Ambassador. The party is en route t 'Paim Beach, Fia., to spend their honey, moon. Postmaster nt Plio-lins. WASHINGTON, Feb. M.?The Senati to-day confirmed the. nomination of C. K. Welch to be postmaster at Phoabus, Va. SUMMARY OF TO-DAY'S NEWS Local. ?Carnival Association organized and ready for business. ?Fire in West End. ?Sunday-school superintendents or? ganize. ?City- Central Democratic Committ???? of Manchester decide on plans for pri? mary. State. ?The transport McPherson. with a broken pronellor and In much peril, towcil Into Norfolk by a fraie steamer, where sue will be repaired. ?Lynchbarg lawyers charge that the bill placing Henry county In another cir? cuit Is a plan to legislate Judge Whittle out of office. Mase-msi?tins of bar In Lynchburg?, and meas?:re condemned. Committee coming here to fight it. ?Negroes suspected of coming fron? smallpox Infected district headed eft at -?anntora. but are royally treated and ?welt pleased. ?A check flasher arrested in tne Cock? ade City. ?A store and stock burned at Finch ley, in Mecklenburg: ?A hung Jury In second trial of Oswald S. Hawkins, for forgery. In Roajioke. ?John. Burro!, an unknown man, killed on Can River bridge, and his leg torn from his body. ?Prisoners escape from? Ttadford Jail by striking, with an iron bar. in unison with .the tolling of a bell. ?Colonel William C.~EIam. editor of ?ae Norfolk Virginian-Pilot, died at hi? i-ouisa county home. General. ?Attack on Mr. Llttlefield In the House for his opposition to Port? Rlcan tariff lull. ?Mr. Tillman makes a vehement speech against Hawaiian bill. ?Republicans hel? a conference nnd agreed an a compromise limiting Pl?t? Rlcan tariff to two years. ? Fureigtt. . ?Cronje baa not y?t surpe ndered. ?Berlin paper reports that he has escaped. ??Butler slowly but -iirtty %_Y_aciag?