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RAXGE OF THKItMOMETEIX.
The ranjre of the thermoirieter at-Tlio Times offlce yesterday was a? follows: 9 A. MV. 41: 12 MV. 50; 3 P. MV. 67; 6 P. M., 49; 9 P. M., 45; 12 MV. 42; average. ?.7.33. VOIi.'lS. SO. 42. wcAftri-BK rarutcittt Forecast fw W^-J^dayrawt - - Vlrafala-^hJ'Mttn*-^ w?!l?e*^*'% J^ S' rain and warmer '*a;-f?*th?m,.w>?llriiU'? Thursday rain: fresb north to ea*? wlnam^m North Carolln* ? -Raai* Wetlnesday; u.^ warmer bi eastera and Central portlona* -? Thursday rain*. winda atoatly fresh ea?f> :, erly. JEilGHMOKD. VA. WEDNESDAY. MARCK 28,1900. PBICE TWOCEKTS. LIVELY DEBATE IN THE HOUSE Mr. Marsh's Remarks to Mr. Lentz Were Bitter. A PRO-BOER SPEECH. Mr. Sulzer Denounced the Adminis tration's Attitude. SYMPATHY WITH ENGLAND. Tho Congressman Plalnly Says Thatit is thc Duty bf ISvcry Liberty-Loviuc Citizen of ihe ltopublic to Coii deran the Pro-Knglish Tcn dencies of tho AVhito House. WASHIXX'TON, March 27.?A Hvcly de? bate, covering a wide range of topies, including Porto Rico. Philippines, and thc Boer war. was engaged in in the House to-day whilo thc army appropria? tion bill was under consideration. At the outset Mr. Talbert, of South Caro? iina, complained of thc measure's vast extravagance, nnd replied to strictures on his course as to private pension legis? lation. Thc published intcrvicw with an unn.imed Repubiican represenlative, charging that thc Porto Rico" tariff was the result ?.r a bargain for campaign funds, was again brought up by Mr. Piercc, of Tennessee Mr. Steele wanted to know how tho Pr.rto Kican taiiff bill could be used to ralse a campaign fund. IMr. Piercc replied that he could not give the exact steps, but that vast sums of ir.nnoy had been raiscd by thc Repubii? can party in 1890 from various quarters could not be denied. Thc corrtrlbulors ln one instance had even jogged lhe me? mory or the Secretary of the Treasury, sind he had not dared to rescnt the insult. (Demncratic applause.) Mr. Hull. of lowa, as a member of lhe Repubiican Campaign Committee, said nn man worthy of beiief would make such eharges nnonymously. Mr. Stflxer, of New York, denounced the administi-.ition's attitude toward lhc war in South Africa. -MI lhe pro-Boer resolutlons, he said, still slcpt iu com? mittee. SISTER REIPUIBLICS. *-I thcrerorc," hc said, "desire lo place on record my -abhorrenec and condemna tio.'i of t'he unjust thc inhuman, lhe pre datorv, the cruel. and lhc harbarous war th.- empire of Grrat Britain is relentlefSSr ly waglhg in South Africa to destroy and. extermlhate two brave little repftbllc?. sisters of our own, and as free and in dependent. "America. must do its duty. The" great republic thc beacon light of lhe world. in the name of liberty. humanity. and ? Justice, must demand peace and make that demand good. AVe SaVC the right to interfcre and Insist on peace. AA'e have the right to rxpross "our sympathy. AA'e have the right to aid the Ited-Oross So? ciety. International law glves us these rlghta, and we should exercise them. AA'e sympathized with Poland. with Hun Rary." with Grecce, with all thc South American republlcs, with Armenla. and with Cuba in their striiggles f.ir freedom. Many wc helped. AVhy. I ask iu tlie name of all that ls .iust and honorable. ln the name of our glorlous pnst. should we now refuse lo render moral support.* ?our s-ympnthy. and ?ur aid lo the palriots of South Africa? ls the great light of lhe republic going out? "A Republic that has sunk so low that lt glorlous in the downfnll of a sister Re ?publlc is nn danger of destruction Itself. A Republic that rcfiiscs sympathy to a sister Republic struggHrig tn malntaln Its' Independcnce against M-*i*ar<*hi:il aggres ? slon ls unw?>rthy of the name and in d:n ger of Monarchy ilself. A Republic thnt willl secretly aid a CMonrirchy to destroy n Republic and Hilot ont its free instltu? tions, is a Reoublie rotlen to lhe enr? and will s<>on fall like adecayed tree on the banks of a turbulent stream to be swept away forev.r. FEA'ERE BLOW. "In my ojilniou the flef&al of thc Boers will be the severest blow to Republic in? stltutions that (has been struck in more than a century, and every friend o f hb :rty the world over would fcrvcntly pray that Oom Paul may be successful. Tho administration seems to be stcretly ln synipithy with Great Britain, ?md ren .Icring her all the aid it Caft. Every li'ii ;riy-lovlng citizen of the Republic should dehouncc and cbndemn these pro-English tendencies of the AVhite House. This Republic should stand by Republlcs?not agaln*t them. God .bless the embattled farmers of South Afrlca is my fervent prayer, nnd from the ashes of the contlict may tliere arlse a greater and grahder Republic. tlie glorlous United States of South Afrlca." Mr. Lentz. of Ohio, a rneml* r of the Military Affairs Committee. discussed lhe evils.of nillitnrisni. The expenses of the army had crown, until they now ab tHirbed ?ne-fifth of the expendltures of the government. Mr. Lentz charged that the soldiers in, the Philippines had no heart against lhe losurgcols" and desired tu return home, and referred to a number of alarmist reports about ihe troops. Mr. Marsh, ot lllinois. replylng with some heat, characterlzed Mr. Lentz's speech as "throughout a disgr.-icc to the Aineric.-in Congress, a violatlon of all the deccncles of this llou.--c." He as sertc-d" Mr. Eentz has mlsrepresented his country. nil*<*uotcd history, mado un'ust and falwe uecusatiuns aud no vituperative enemy of his country eould have uttored more diabo'icul sentiments. He said this, he added. on his own responsibility as' a member. and fleaning toward Mr. l^entz) as a gentleman outside this House. | Contlnuing, he denounced the course of the Democratic party. which. he ta'd. ln thne of .peaCe was "h?1 for war" and in time of war was "h?1 for peace." Ho maintained that our title to the Philip? pines was as complete as was our title to Florida. and It wasas much'our duty to suppresM Insurrectlon there ns in Florida. lf the Proiddent should with draw tl-e army from the Philippines and ' allow the Islands lo pass out of our pos>?esslon. he **ald. he would bo subject to itnpeachment proeeedings. ? General debate was closed and the bill read under the live minute rule. After j-peoehes by Mr. Spurkman" and others, tho House, at 5:10 P. M.. adjourned. Iu tlie Se.iuile. AVASHEXGTOX. March 2*7.?Tlie Porto ?Rleo tariff ana frovernmen-t bill was under discussion for *4*arly three hours ln the Siwiate to-day, but Vraost of the time ?was o?nstrmed In the consdderation of a free coinage amendment offered by Mr. Mor saa. Tho amendment is still pending. *"*""_e conforence report on the pension ap? propriation bill was agreed to. A resolution -was agreed to, calling on the Interior Department for all papers in. conneotion -with the charges flied against Governor Barnes, of Oklahoma. The Alaskan code bill -was taken up. Mr. Carter. of Montana, in charge of the bill, offer*ed an amendment, -maklng all land and shoal water below mean high tlde on the shores, bays and inlets of iBehring Sea within United States juris dlction, subject to exploration for preclous metals by citlzens of the Unitcd States, or those who have legally declared inten? tion!* to become sach citlzens under the rnrners" rules and revoking all rpermits hcrtofore granted for such purpose. Mr. Allen, of Nebraska, compiained that tlie penmits granted by the Secretary of War were exclusive*. Mr. Carter explained that the licenses granted ?were such as could be granteo fo ariy citizen of the United States. Tn a sharp attack upon the action of the Secretary of War, Mr. Jones, of Ar kansas. Said it was evident to him that lhe permlts had been granted ln order to put such a construction upon the law. as no court of justice -would give It, and that lt was a deliberate scheme of a few per? sons to monopolize that rich Cape Nome sand. His and other suggested amendments were discussed at length. and were still pending when, at 2 o'clock, by previous agreement, lhe Porto Rico measure was taken up. PORTO RICO BILL. Mr. Foraker announced that he had concluded not to ask a separation of tho tariff and civil governimont bills, but hnd decided to proceed -with the unfinished business as it was now be.foro the Senate. Mr. Stewart, of Nevada, addressed the Senate on tlie general features of the measure. (He Tnaintained that we had aiothing to fear either from the people of the islands or from the possession of the islands. t Tlie criticism, he said, would soon pass away. and the islands eventually would give omp/oyment to many thousands of Americans as well as to their own In habitants. Their product would not injure the trade of this country. The paragraph as to franchises in tiie bill was amended to rend: "Provided. however. that all grants of franchises, rights and privilegei or con cessions of a pubiic or quasi-pUblic cature Hh.ill be mode hy the executive council, with the approval of the governor, and nll franchises granted in Porto Rico sliall be reported to Congress, which hereby reserves the power io annul or mod'fy lhe same." Mr. Morgan offered an amendment to section seven of the bill, providing for the free coinage of silver iu the United States. He said he found no provision in the hill for the estahlishmenl of na? tional banks on the island. Mr. Foraker replied that the bill ex? tends all of the laws of the United States to Porto Rico, which are not locally in applicable. "Does the Senalor think national banks may be established there?" inquircd Mr. Morgan. : "Within the limilntions nnmed in the "bill 1 should say yes," responded -Mr. Foraker. NOT A FORFjIGX COUNTRY. "Then." rotorted Mr. Morgan, "Porto Rico is nor a foreign country. There ls no question about the logic of that propo? sition.'" i Mr. Foraker explained lhat the pro? vision in the bill reiating to coinage was simply one for the exchange of the Porto Rican silver coin Into American silver coin. Tbe srenorol question of the free coinatrc of silver did not enter into the matter Mr. Morgan declared that the pending bill proposed to take from the Porto 'Ricans the peso. which was praetically a dollar. and pay them sixty cents for it. To this statement Mr. Foraker took is? sue. Tlhe Porto Rico peso, he said, was now worth about forty-oight* cents in our money iu Porto Rico, and tho biil provid (Continued on Eighth Page.) ABOLD ESCAPE MADE FROM JAIL Morris Carroil, Colored, Knocked the Alexandrid County Jailor Down ?* and Left for Parts Unknown. ALEXANDRIA, VA., M*it1i 27.-J-**ie ciai.'?? Mornis Carroll (colored) this morn? ing at eight o'cteck made a bo!d and dar ing escape from the Alexandrla County jail. situa'ted on Fort Mycr Heights. Jiailor Fox cn'tercd the co-ridor to give iho prisoner his fbreakfast, as ls the usual custom. When the doo.- was opened Car? roll pounced upOn Jailor Fox and knocked Ihtm down, whlcfh for the time rendered him insensibie. The negro then m,;d* good his escape, fleeing to lhe woods ad joining ihe jail. The negro is described as-being tweniy five years of nge, and when he escaped wore a dark brown suit and a black siveater, and weigfas about 12."i pounds. ?He-was confined in the jail on a cftaig' of highway robbery, he having robbed a man named George Lee, in the county. Tlie negro was yesterday tried and eon vlcted of the offence in the County CjU't before Judge Love, and was senteneed t.\ serve a term of eight years in the State penitentiary. George Riggs, wflio was confined lor res'stlng arrest. sec'ing the opportunity. also ma'e good his ercftpe. The Iatter is described as weighing 370 pounds, and of dark black complexion. Neither of the negroes have been captured. 'The anti-Agnew faction of the Rrputi lican party liave formeci an organization to bc known ns the Central Republican Assonrbly. Magnus L. Rt.b"ns::n ls presl? dent and leader. A. . A. Warfie'd has ueen requested to attend the State C-.n vention. which conven?s in Norfolk oa April 30th. Auotlict* Account. - ? WASHINGTON, . March 27?Special.? The local police were notified toiday to arrest Morris Carroll, colored. who is wanted by the Alexar.dria, pfilcials as a fugltive from justice. Carroll was yesterday senteneed by Judge Love, of tho Alexandrla County Court, to serve eight years in the peni? tentiary for highway robbery. Carroll made a sensational escape from jail this morning after assautting the jailer. The prisoner asked to be allowed to leave, not only his roll, but the cago which encloses all the cells, and' the jailer acqulesccd. Aftex unlocktng the cage door. the jailor moved across the eorridor, and was silently followed by Carroll until he arrived at a point near an open wlndow. Carroll then struck the jailer on the head, knocking him to tho floor unconscious. He then escaped;' through the window before the jiil'or regalried consciousness. Chase was given the fugitlve, but hc soon outdis tanced his pursuer. an.d made for tho woods, where he' diappeared. y CARNIVAL WEEK, RICHMOND, MAY 14 TO 19. BITTER BATTLE NS TO-DAY To Test Constitutionality ofthe Tax Law. FIGHT TO THE FINISH. Senator Daniel to Argue Against Commissioner of Vaiuation Act, ALEXANDRIA CASE CHOSEN, Brilliant Array'of Legal Talcnt Has Beon Secured to Test tho Consti tutionality of thc Recent Act of Legislature ? Tho Out como Awaited "With in? terest?AM Aliectc'l, The firsit argument in the effort to have declared tho recent act of tiie Legislature, in provlding for the appointment of Com -rjissioners \raluation, will be made be? fore the Supreme Court of Appeals this morning. This light has attracted wide spread attention, and the decision of the Supreme Court will be anxiously awaited, - as it rsrill affect directiy every taxpayer in tlie State of A'lrginia. The best of legal taleut lias been .procured, and Senator John AA*. Daniel -and Colonel Francis L. Smith, of Alexandria, -will make argu nients against tlie bill, while the Common? wealth will he represented by Attorney General Montague and Mr. Hill Carter. Each fsvill consume one hour in presenting his argutmen't. Messrs. B. B. Munford, F. XV. Christian and Judge Horsley are also of counsel for the plaintiffs, but will * not speak. THE CASE IN QUESTION. The case that has been decided up_pn is that of the Citizens' Xational Bank of Alexandria. On March ISth (Mr. Lewis C. Barley, .who had -lualilied as Com misioncr of A*aluation ln that city, giving bond in the sum of $f>.000, which was furnlshed by C. C. Carlin, at once pro ceeded to tho Citizens' Xational Bank and demanded of Assistant Cashier AV. Frank Lambert what a certain gentleman had Jo his credit ln that bank. and also tho amount of his personal property. Mr. Lambert promptly refused to give him the desired information. and Mr. Barley at once proceeded to the Mayor's oflice an.d sworc out a warant for his arrest. Shortly afterward Mr. (Lambert was arrested and arraigned before Mayor Simpson. who fined the accused the min? imum. penalty of the offence, which Is $30. M. Lambert refused to pay the fine and was committed, pending an applica? tion forwarde.d to the Court of Appeals. at Kichmond, for a writ ; of habeas corpus. , NEW MILITARY DIVISION. Il Will. Eni.brace All the Philippin - Ardlipelago. AVASHINGTON, March 27.?Secretary Root took a step long contemplaled in tlie administration of the Philippines by directlng that the creation o-f an entirely new military division to be known as tha ?"Division of the Pacific," erobraoing f.il the Philippine archipelago. The division iu turn i.s to be divided into four military departmeuLs il.-! follows: The Department of Northern Luzon, commanded by Gen? eral MeArthur: the Departmrait of Soutli? ern Luzon, to be coninnaiided hy General Hughe-*, and the Department of Minando and Jolo, comniandea by General Kobbe. Major-General Otis will retain thfe su? preme command over tlies^ dep-rirtmeats a.s division commander, oceupying toward them a position corresponding closely to that occupied by General Miles towards the military departmeats in the United States. lt is, said at the AVar Dcirvtment tiuit tlie piirposc of the new order of things is to free General Otis of the many minor details incident to tiie administration of the islands, leaving him at liberty to de vote more time to larger. Questions of policy and civil administration. The Cab? inet approved the proposition to-day. WARLIKE PREPARATIONS. Uussiaii Garrisons l&cins Inci-easca Four Fold. LONDON. March 28.-5 A. M.?The Standard gives double-leaded ' prominence to the following speeial dispatch from -OtJessa: "There can be no longer any doubt as to the object of the warlike preparations now being completed in South Russia. Nearly '-T-O.OOC* troops have already been mob'lized for active service. The Black Sea Squadron, with transports, is held in instant readiness. "The tensioa. in the relatious between . SL -Petersburg and the Sublime Port be? comes every day more acute. The posi? tion is looked upon With the gravest ap prehension. "If the Ottoman Government, supported bv G-ermanry. should -pf.-ove stubbonnly intractable -with regard to Kus:da's con cess'onary demands in Asia Minor, se'r-lous "complication.s must lnevita biy ensue. The Russian garrisons in the Caucasus and along the Armenian fron ?tlesr have been increased fourfold and equipped for active service." Clmrjre'l With Slealin<r Jj*180. Lucy AVhit*?. a negro woman. was ar? rested* bv Officers Bailey and AViltshire. ofthe Second Police Station, last night. She is charged with stealing 5*130 from Frank Lee AAMlllams. She will "probably have-u hearing before Justice John yiis morrting. Team Without a Drivor. Pollceman Johnson. of the First Police Station, last night took charge of a stray team of two white horses hltched to a wagon loaded with furnlturc He drove thc tearo to McDonough's stables. where the owner cau get same by proving it as his p'roperty. Bi-itinh Missionary Killed.. 9H.VXG-HAI, March 27.?A prlvate dis? patch received here conflr'rn's the report that a .British'missionary has nee.n killed at Kaiping. ? ' - : CALEB POWERS REFUSED BAIL Held for tlie Franklin County Grand Jury. TAYLOR'S PARDON The Defence Introduced Absolutely No Evidence Whatever. HENRY E. YOUTSEY ARRESTED. Loeked Up iii -Jail, Cbarscd AA'ith Be injr an Aocessory lo the Assassin ation?He is Supppscrl to lie tho Man AVith tlie Black Mous tache AA'lio Gave tho Key to I'owcr's Office. " FRANKFORT, KY., March 27,-Thcre were some startling developmcnts in the Goebel nssasslnation case to-day. Th'* afternoon W. H. Culton. who waived ex? amination, and was held over to Uie Cir cuot Court, went -to tlie?. Capitol Hotel, where he was in conference with tlie at torneys for the prosecution for over two hours. He was accompanied by his broth or-in-law. E. E. Hogg, who is also his attorney. Culton was reported to have made a confess-lon. but later to-night it devcloped that 'the information gained was not as sweeping as thought. His friends admit that he gave the prosecution such informa? tion as he liad, and which had hcretofore not come out. Henry E. Youtsey, Republican Auditor. Sweeney's clerk, was arrested at noon, and loeked up in jail, charged with being an aocessory to the assassi nation. *Ie is a half-brother of Hon. L. J. Crawford, a prominent Republican of Nowport, and detecrives arrested him as Uie man with the black imoustache, whom Golden men? tioned as having given the key to Caleb Powers' ofllce. BROKEN FAITH. Youtsey complained the prosecution had broken faith in arresting him. and it is said he is ready to make a pubiic state? ment for which Uie prosecution is not anxious at this time. . At to-day's session of the examinlrig trial of the Republic?n Secretary of State, Caleb Powers, the court-room was cleared of all persons except attorneys, news? paper representatives, and court officers. The defence announced they would Tn troduco no testimony, and. tendering Governor Taylor's pardon of Powers, asked that the defendant be dismissed on tlie evidence. The Commonwealth disputed Taylor's right and the court ovorruled lhe motion. Bail was asked for. Judge "Moore said: "It is not my belief that Powers fired Ihe shot which killed Governor Goebel, but from the evidence lt is my opinion that hc was connected with the conspi racy to kill him. I shall therefore order that he be hoid over without ba.Il to the Franklin county grand jury that the case may be further InVestlgated'" This afternoon Culton's counsel an? nounced that Culton would waive his ex.imining trial. and by agreement of the attorneys he will remain at home with his sick wife under private government guard. Captain John Davis also waived examl nntion. and was admitted to bail in the sum oC $5,0C0. He was loeked up for the night. The Pemocratic Tnilitia will bc retained here until after the April term of the Circuit Court. which begins "Monday. ar.d at which Secretary Powers *and others are to be tried. MAY BE MURDER. Autopsy on tlie Body orAVilliam Hen ?lerson. NEW YORK. "March 27.?After an au? topsy on tho body of William Henderson, the wcalthy Brooklyn minera! water man ufacturer, who was found dead at the Riverview Hotel. Merritt Island, Irfdian River, Florida. Coroner's Phystcian Har tung returned that death was due to eorebral hemorrhage, originatlrtg fr.m violence, either directly or indirectiy, or by a fall. The top of his skiill contained a cross shaped cut and another cut ran tbwaf"*!'' the forehead. The left temple and left oheek were discolored. and there were abrasions of the fingers. The death c'a_> tificate on which the body was brought North reports death as being due to heart disease. The lindertaker who laid the body out here noticed in transferring the body from the box in which It came into ono of his own that the'gauze supportihg the hand contained a number of blood stains, and notiiied the authorities oi' his dis- ? co'-ery. 1 AMENDMENTS TO - PORTO RICAN BILL Those Read to 'Senatorial Caucus by ? Mr. Foraker, Some of Which Were Agreed To. WAjSH'INGfTC'N. -March 27.?Senator Foraker to-day Introduced .the amend? ments to the Porto Rlcan governmental bill, which were read to the Republican Senatorial caucus yesterday, and some of whicli were agreed to by it Tho bill, as thus .amended, was intro? duced as a new measure. In section 3 inhabitants are described as "citizens of Porto Rico, and as such entitled to the protection of the United States," instead of "clUzens of the United States," as in the old bill The following. provision Is substituted for section 8, in regard to articies im? ported into Porto Rico from pbrts out? slde of the United States: . "That on and after the pa.sage af this act the same tarlffs, customs and auties shall be levied, collected and paid upon all articies imported into Porto Bico, (Continued on* Eighth Page.) ?-.'.?' EMPORIA NEEDED MARTIAL LAW All Phases of Situation Were Not Known. TYLER IN 1GNORANCE: Governor Was Not Informed of Cer ? tain Facts Regardme; the Situation. BOGUS TELEGRAMS FIGURED, Threats Maae to Destroy AIT Means of Coinihuiiicatioii With Outsitle World if Troops AVere Not AVitlidrawn?Now; Admits Civil Authorities Wero Poiverless. In an interview yesterday Judge W. Samuel Goodwyn, while upholding Gov? ernor Tyler in his course and declaring that the Iatter was subjected to unjust criticlsm, admitted that the situation at Emporia justified the declaring of mar? tial law. Judge Goodwyn and Commonwealth's Attorney W. iM. Powell were in this city yesterday. They were registered at the Now Ford's. Their mission here, they claimed, was to put the Governor in possesslon of certain facts and thoroughly acnuaint him with all phases of the situa? tion at Emporia. NEWS. FOR THE GOVEUNOR. Judge Goodwyn admitted, after long and close questloning, that the civil au? thorities were powerless and that Gover? nor Tyler would have been justified in declaring martial' law. Judge Goodwyn also stated that certain phases of the affair had not been put into the Gover nor's possession. That he fthe Governor) was not notified that Sheriff Lee. was drunk in any other way than the state? ment that it was necessary for him (Goodwyn) to appoint a deputy sheriff. The Governor was'not told that threats had been made to dynamite his (Good? wyn's) house; that the llves of the Com? monwealth's Attorney and of Sheriff Lee were threatened if the troops--were not withdrawn: that the wires were to be cul and a portion of the railroad track was to bc torn up, and such other measures re sorted to, sufficient to Interrupt. any and all communication with the outside world. Neither was the Governor notified* that the lives of the troops were threatened, and that any one who dared raise a hand or assist in any way the removal of the two prisoners was in danger. Neither was the Governor told' of the absolute inability of the civil authorities to restrain the angry mob, or to enforce the execu? tion of the laws of the Commonwealth. These facts, together with those with which the Governor was made tho? roughly familiar. Judge (louwyn aeknowl edged were sufficient to have him exerclse the authority vested in him to declare mar? tial law and make the civil law subordl nate to the miiitary. Had he done this no charge of the usurplng of his pre rogatlves could have been made, or, if made. sustained. Judge Goodwyn was asked why the Governor was not told of the threats of the mob. He replied that at such a time and laboring under such excitement, that it was impossible for every threat to have been remf>mbered or communi cated to the Governor. Then the telegraph office wns control led by the mob. and lt was. as has prc viously been stated, necessary for him to rerpiest the Governor to use another telcgraph line to avoid the Interception and delay of messages. THE "vlO'B RTJLED. "The mob was in control. "We made all klnds of promises to them," said Judge Goodwyn, "and assured them that there would be no escapo for Cotton ir they would only allow the law" to take its course.. I as? sured them that I would call an extra session ot court and try. Cotton at once. This would have been done yesterday had the two men not been lynched. AVe had even gone so far as to promise them to begin work on the scaftold Monday. That was yesterday. "I called the conference of the repre? sentative citizens of the town. I asked them to decide what was to be renuest eu of the Governor and the troops. They assured me that they would use their influence with the mob to secure a trial for the accused if the troops were with? drawn. Thty feared bloodshqd. They were fully acnuainted with the situation. They knew the temper of the mob. They, as I, were cognizant of what course had been determined upon, should any at? tempt be made to remove tne prisoners. They knew of the plans to shoot down any one, soldiers or clvillans, who dared attempt, it Had such an attempt beeu made a massacre would have followed. The gentlemen whom I had called fhto conference ? knew this. So did I. We did not want the bto#bd of those innocent men on our hands. We did what we thought was best. COrirrON MtTST DIE. V "I had had a conference witn ex-Judge Barham the night before the lynching. He told me that the people had deter? mined that Cotton must dle_in Greenes ville county. JJe assured me that they would hear of nothing to the oontrary." "Who were . those who attended the conference at your house Saturday morn? ing?" I asked Judge Goodwyn.. "They were the representative citlzens aiid tax-payers of the, town and county," he replied. "W. F. T>eal is president of the WV iC. Weaver^Lumber Company: "U. J. Squlre Is Cojnrhiissioner of Revenue: Peter 'B. Tillar is a prominent citizen; H. Maclin ls superintendent of the cbuaty schools: B. AA". Wyche Is treasurer of the. county; W- R. Cato ls a prominent mer? chant; H. Schwartz ls the leading-busi? ness man df-'Emporia; Charies Baker ls said to be the richest man in Uie cdrinty; j. E. Baker, J. J. Taytor. AV- B. B:*U<?y. XV. T.' Flelds. E.C. Treadway ahd H. AV. Hall are all large owners of real estate and property. and are the leading p?'pi? of the town. These. are the-men who at? tended .the cdiiferance^ahd promised :to use. their infltierice tb quefi thepasioajSj of the'mob", We cohaidSred the promise* made in good faith. We know that they ?were." SPOKE OXLY FOR THEMSJSLVES. "BuL" I asked, "did these rvpresenta tive oitlzens meet you as indlvidoals who were arrayed on the side of Ia* nnd or? der, or did they represent the mob7 D.d they speak for themseives. or -were they chosen by the men who clamored outside for the blood of Cotton? Bid any one of. thostf in the conference appear as spotse** man for the mob?" "They appeared as indivlduals. They ?were not members of the mob, and I do not think any one could have spoken for that body." """?But, why-was the Governor not noti? fied ot this condition of affairs?" *? "I don't ? know," Judge Goodwyn re sponded. "Was ex-Judge Barham invrlted to be present? He was the recognlzed ieader of the lynchers, and made no concsalment of the fact." "Xo," responded Judge Goodwyn. ' ho was not present; no member of the mob or spokesman for thitt body was." HIS OWX LIFE THREATEXED. "Those whd were -iot thereat the ttroe can have no idea of the condition of ar fairs. I <was warned to keep out ot the court-*house scjuare. I was told-lf I a tempted to Interfere-my life was in dan? ger. I watched the mob from my own house. I saw them l-ttke Cotton from tne jall^ but I did not see the lynching." "Then you admlt that you were power less. as were the others* ln civil authority, to enforce the law?" **Ycs." "Yet. you think that the Governor ls to be sustained in his course, and that ha has been the victim of unjust criticism? You say that the single company of sol? diers was not suflicient to cope with the sltuation. and yet the orders for more troops were countermanded. If martial law had been declared and more troops placed at Emporia. would that not havo insured the iprotee.tion of the lives of tho prisoners and upheld the law?" "T think lt would,** said Judge Good? wyn. "Aa to your future course, what do you Intend to do?" I asked. "I will charge the grand jury to find true bills against all whom they llnd to be In any way Identlfied with the mob that lynched Cotton and O'Grady. I want to enforce the la-ws." ORDERED TO PETERSBURG. The two gentlemen gave out a number of facts connected with the lynching of Cotton and O'Grady, that have not here* tofore come to light. Mr. Powell had tn his Inside pocket. ?which he showed. certain bogus t?*!e grams, which he says explain why Cotton was taken to Emporia and not to Peters? burg for "Imprisonment. Powell was ln charge of Cotton at Stony Creek. imme? diately after he had been captured. So, having in charge the prisoner, he tele graphed to Judge Goodwyn at Emporia, that he had Cotton and asked what ho should do iwith him. To this telegram. Judge Goodwyn says he replied: "Take the prisoners to Petersburg," but Powell received no such message. The message he received instructed him to bring Cot? ton to FJraparia, which he did. and upon reaching the town with the negro, he was seen by Judge-jGoodwyn, who, as Powell says,* showed great surprise and asked him: "Why In the - have you brought this negro here?"' -DENIED SENDLXG IT. Powell informed him that it was upon his instruction and produced the telegram referred to above. Judge Goodwyn then In? formed him that the message was not sent by h!m. I asked the Judge .what he thought be? came of the telegram he sent. He said. "it was never sent. I suppose," as at the time the message went into the office, there were at least five hun? dred menat the station -waiting for Cot? ton, and the mob had possession of tho telegraph office." Tho Judge said he sent the message to the office by a young friend, who was operatlng iwith him. and who took it over to Bellfield. He said he had seen the (Continued on Eighth Page.) THE OPEN DOOR CORRESPONDENCE Transmitted to Congress Yesterday by Secretary of State Hay?Ex tends Over Period of Months. AVA3HIXGTC1N. March 27.?Secretary Hay to-day submitted to Congress the correspondence had with the goverrunents of Gr.at Britain, France, Gcrmany, Rus? sia, Itaiy and Japan, respeotthg the maln tenancc of an "open door" ln China ' The correspondence extended from Sep? tember 6th last. to the 2orn Instant, the last date marking the successful comple tion of tlie undt-rtaktng. On September tith the State Department addressed to our amtussadors at London. Berlin and St- Petersburg copies of a formal declaration, setting out the desire of our government in the ni;>tter of the "open door." Italy and Japan were alrul larly addressed about a month later. While the "formal declarattons'* sent to the am'rxLssadors were slmilar. yet eac'h of the officers adopted a difeerent r-hrase ology in addresslng themseives to the governments to which they are accred ited, the dominant note being best set forth, perhaps, in Ambassador Choate's note to the British sovernment. After. recitmg the importance to both govern? ments of the matter, he ls directed to present the President's under-tanding that the British settled *>oMey ls freedom of trade ln China for all the world alike, though conceding certain spheres of in? fluence by formal treaiies with. Germany and Russia. Ambassador Choate points out to Lord Salisbury that maintenane* of that policy is urgently demanded by -She commercial interests of our two nations ln order to Improve exts-ring con? ditions and enabte - extension of their future operations. The note then says: DAXGER OF COMPLtCATIO.VS. "While the government of the United States will in no way eommlt itself t> any recogn'tion of the exclusiive rights of any power within." or;! control over. any portion of the Chinese Empire, under such agreements as have been recently made. lt cannot conceal Us apprehension.) thvit there ds danger of compllcatlons arlstng tetweeii the treaty p_-v>*rs whic-* nmy Impettfl the rights Insured to the Un:ttd atates by its treatles w*"th China. "lt is the sincere desire ot my govern? ment" that the Int?rests Of Its c>t'z?n9 may not-be prejudlced througfa oxc'asiTe treatment by any of the controlllng pow? ers wlthfn their resp.-etlve 'sphen-s of Interest* ln China. and it hopek to retain there an open martoet tor all the wor.****a commerce, remove dangerous source** of Iitternatlonal lrritatlon a-nd thereby 1189 ten united action of the Powers* at Pjkln to pfomote admlnlstrative retorms aa greatly needed for strengthenlng the. Xm perfat government and malntainlng the 5ntegrlty pf China. in which. It betleves tne whole western world la ailke ?"?n cerned. St. belleves tbat auch a tmauiz ruth *--*_ TWENTY GUARDS AROUND THE JAIL Rev. J.E.R. Riddick Was Given Protection PART OF PRUDENCE. The Preacher Tndicted for the Mur? der of Dr. W. H. Tempte. MRS. RIDDICK NOT PRESENT. The Prisoner* Bowed to the People aml Seemed to be in Good Spirits?the Fr iend? ot Br. Tom plo W i 11 At? tempt no Violence, As He Re? quested That lin Should ? , Havo a Fair Trial. -f-AWBd-NCEVILLE. VA.. March 27? Special.?The grand jury found a. .true. bill to-day against Rev- J. E. R. Rid? dick for shooting and kiliing Dr. AV. K? Temple (Sunduy monning, 'March 33th. His trial will commence May 3d. The case jwould have been tried thi** term, "but Mrs. Riddick is unable to o? present. As the prisoner was being: brought from ,the jail to the court room ho bowed to people on all sides, and seemed to be In good spirits. RUMOR OF iLYNCHING. Monday evening some one started a rumor that there would probably be a lynching party over during that night. The author of this rumor waa brought before the judge. He could give no reason. but as lt was court night. and a large crowd in town, the authorities deemed it prud'ent to suimmon about twenty men to guard tho jail. These guards went pn duty, but there was no sign of alarm. * NO VIOLENCE.. It ls nutte certain that the friends of Dr. Temple will attempt no violence and will give tho prisoner a fair trlui. aa they wero requested to do by Dr. Tem? ple just before his death. .- ? . ROBBED POSTOFFICE SAFE. A Contractor is Givei* a Warm Time by His Creditors. MARION, March 27?Speclafc?The post? office at Seven Mile Ford was broken into last night and thirty doilars ln cash. and flfty-threa doilars ln starrps stolen. The robbers broke open the Norfolk and Western tool-house and got a ctow bar and hammer, and with these broke in the back of the safe. Three men were arrested here to day oa suspicion. but ! they all proved they were elsewhere last nishr. O. H. Nelld. the contractor, w""io fur? nished the Alkalt AVorks at Sottvlite wiUi. liime-stone rock until his aaslgnment. made about a month ago, has been hav Ing trouble recently. Befcre he made the deed of asslgnment hc drew all the money due him for the montr.. went to Pulaskl and made a lawyer there trus? tee ln the deed. aml left for Marylamt Lost week he came back to Abingdon and parties here went on the same train to Abingdon and had him arrested for getting money under false pretense. He gave ball on this charge. but was at once rearrested by other creditors. on charge of being an abscondlng debtor, and has1 been In jail since last Saturday. Circuit Court has been In sesston for two weeks. but no case of general in? terest has been tried. Rumors are again current that the Marion and Rye Valley Railroad will ibe exitended soon towards Grayson county. ASEVERE FIGHT. Boxers Engajje Imperlal Troops in In deeisivo Action. PEKIN, March 27.?The "Roxer" movew ment ln the north ls assumlng alarming proportions. News has been receivod hero that an intfeclstve but severe tlght has taken place between the "Boxers" and Imperlal troops at Ten Chlit. Province of Chi Li. Each force num. bered about 1.3(0 men, and there were heavy casualties on both sides. Tlie Terrible Sails for ? hiim. DURBAN. March 27.?The British, cruiser Terrible ha3 sailed for China, - Schooner*? Total AVreck. FORT GEORGE, FLA., March 27.?A schooner was total ly wrecked on the south jetty at the entrance to the St. John's River about dark to-night. No> Uves were lost. The vessel ls supposed to be the Bertuge Abbott. but it is impossfble to get to the scene of the wreek to-night. SUM MARY OF TO-DAY'S NEWS Local. ?Judge Goodwyn and Commonwealth's Attorney Powell. of Greensville, here. ? Board of Directors of- the Carnival Assoeiation held a meeting. ?Miiitary companies drlll and discuss plans. ?Much interest being manifested as to. base-bai! ?Meeting of the Democratlc clubs. ?Rev. Dr. george Franklin Bagby dies after Ulness of two months. ?Argument in Conrmlssioner of Valua? tion case before Supreme Court to-day. State. ?A negro makes botd _ escape from Alexandrla county jail after knocking the-jailer into insenslbility. ?Raleigh -postoffice raised to first class. ?Rev. J. B. Fox, of the Luthcran Church. died yesterday ln Staunton. ?Crew of Norwegian steamer Virdar in some danger. ?Virginia School of Methods will meet in Roanoke tn June. '? ?Murder trial commenced at Halifax yesterday. . ?Appiication has been made for & new national bank st Marion. A'a. ?A pol'ceman ln Danvllle boats his chief for the position. ,.,,.._*., ?Rev. J. E. R- Riddick was lndlcted at Brunsiwicfc County Court for' the murder of Dr. W. H. Temple. The jail guarded at night as a precautlon agaliwt lynching. General. ?Caleb Powers held without bail as an accessory to the murder of Goebel. ?Llvety debate in House ranglng from, Philippine?* to Boer war. - =yy ?Correspondence on open aoor tn Chm? transrolttod to Congress. Vore?ie.? ?General Olivter ha* apparently escaped with his lon*?" wagon train. ?Slight reconnalssances ar? all that Lord Roberts ret??fWv y, ?? ~ i __ -Situation in (;<F East thlefeMUac R*. port of kiliing of British mlis-onnry, earx ttraned