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PANIED BY STAMPS. FRIDAY. MARCH ."10. 1000. TJ-I- ."-MI.RICAN NI.GIIO. One of the most sdbolar.y as well as one of the most cnterU-ining and in structive papers on thc American negro lhat we have seen is that which was read by Dr. Paul B. Barringer, ehairmnn of tlie faculty of tlie Univer.sity of Virginia, before _he Tri-State Medical Ass-ociation. which met in Gharleston during the month of Fobruary last. a copy of which has rene-itiy fallen into our hands "through the kindncss of a friend. Dr. Barringer begins by quoting a "biological ax-iom. which reads, "the onto geny ls the ropclition of tlie philogeny." This he translates to mean "Uie life his? tory ls the re-petition of the race his? tory." "Freely interpreted," he adds, "it means that tiie life history of any IndiviiduaJ, of any type, unless modified ?by forces of -except-onal character, will tend to conform to the lines of ancostral traits. ln otlier -vorus, it is a tersc ex 0>r_-s.*aion of the exislence of the force which -i'i- call horedity in life." Arppl.ving liis "biologicai axiom" to the "mmar. race and taking as an exnmple of lhat race tlie Southern negro, he de claics that the tendency of tho negro to return to barbarism is as natural as the return of the sow thut is washed to her tvallowing iu the mire; that the ages of degradation under which he was formed nnd thc fifty cemturies of historically re? corded savagery with which ho came to us cannot be perniancntly influenced by ono or two centuries of enforced correc tion, if Lhe oorrectir.g force be withdrawn; that when the correcting force of dis cipline was removed he, like tlie released plummet, l>egan lo fall. and, although the mills of the gods grind slowly, what we bav. already seen is but tlie first evi dence of a rnotion as certain in its results u.-- the law of gravitatioii. Tracing the origin of the American negro, Dr. Barringer tpoints out that he came from the west coast of Africa and from thc valleys of tlie Niger and the _5enagaJ, and that as everything in that part of Africa is originally of one race ?ur.d one blood, the Americn nc-gro_ is of rtruc negro origin und came from the very lowest of the blacks of Africa. He draws s. distinction between tbese savage cannibals. lazy. lustful and with-out any moral insllii-ts, and those of the lndo Africa-i race, who are a better type After dwelling at some lengt-i on the _h__r_u--_rla_ics of the negro savage and thc manner in which thet-e savages were ln-4-3rted into the United Stfltes and sold us sla-.es. Dr. Barringer comes to speak of _he oondition of tlie negro in the South a; the cl_--e Of the war. "Whatever the evJ_B of slavery may have been," says he, "and 1 have no desire lo m'nimize them. tlie general result was. at the close ot tlie war. some ..OOO.OC. r.ej-roes, wiio were in tiioir average morality and char? acter c*> fur ahead of any other -,000,-O0, or any other l.OOt'.OW of tiiat race to be found elsewhere ou the face of tiie earth toat they were not in the same class." And he incidenlally remarks that "Mrs. Slowe'e imclligc.nce should have seen thc paradOXical side of a work written in tnitii*lMn of a ci\*i!izatlon which produced att "Unde Tom" and a "*i\ _isy"' from savage cannibaJs dn less than live genera vioas. ? ? Evury person who was old enough to know BnyUiing at the close of tlie war kuov.-s lhat the negt-oes. especially wliat was known as the "tiouse negi-o," that ls _"?-_?- who had been in close contact with Uie -Vhltc*. wcrc far siiperior, in tho uiatter of manner* and morals at least, to thc ncgroes as a class of to-day. They -i-cre geiiteel and they had some indl vidualily and character. Take an old -_me Virginia carriage drfver or butler of to-day and you w.H ilnd a man of sensc. a ?ian of character and lii many respects a polbSiod gciitl-Jiran. But lo procef-d wlth Dr. Bai-ringcr's P3.ier. He p-jdnts out that as a -jjavc tlio negro ?v_-> tausbl two -w-iolcsom-1 leswont*? to wurk uwi U> obcy?aao that uuder suvh , ' tutelage thero was exeellent attalnment He noles also rhat those negro soldiers in tho recent Sl-anlsh-Americ-vn war, who h.id been trained by white ofllccrs and who were led by white ofllcer.-?, gave an encellrnt account of thi\msclves In battle. ".Eve.ry day of slavc-ry," says hc, "seems Jo have counted for their benefit, as will b_> seen lf we comparc the records of this goneration with that of those whose boast it is that they were born free. It is not the oldcst negro, but the negro under thirty who crowds our jails and penifen tiaries tSroughout the land." Yea, verily. It Is not the ex-slave who oommlts crimin:vl assault upon wliitc wo? men. The slaves were taught to respect and revefe a good woman. Tbc chaps who :ire lynchcd for this crime are those of the new gencration. But how could one expeel oihcr things? We have frc qucjitly said in dlSCUSElng tliis subject, and Dr. Barringer dwclls on tbe same point. that tho young negro of to-day. with his savage nature, with his brutal InsUi-Cts. with a hcalthy physical devel oj.ment and strong animal passions, is brought up Jiot In bondage of any sort, but ln an almosphcre of liberty and lieense. He has no one to train him or rcsfcraln him; no masterful hand koeps his appetitcs and passions ln subjoction. 11c does not excrcise control over him? self and -so *he grows up with liis animal nature suprerne, and he is controlled neither by the heart nor the intellect, but by tho brutal force of his nature. His one idea is to gratify his appetites and his passlons and he does so at every op? portunity. Of course thero are many honorable exceptions to tliis rule, but we speak of the new negro as a type. We speak of those Who roam around and whose bodies are often found dangling from tlie limb of a tree. But Dr. Barringer makes a statement just here which is worthy of the most serious thought and which commands the attention of the whites. He says that it is a pe-rfectly plain truth that the pro Icnged contact of thi- white man with the black man has resulted in the degradation of the while race. "There is no use ln longer mincing matters," he <_dds, "this problem is to sare T'.:e white man of the South from further barbarism by leclaim ing the savage with A-hom he is .nstpara bly.tied." Tliis is a startling proposit'on, yet it must be in a measure true, far "vice will sooner transform virtue into a bawd than tbat virtue will liken vice to its own image." The white man must lift the nc-gTo up or the negro will pull the white man down. Tliis article is already extended beyond its allotment of !-race, and so we must postiwne until another day the discussion of the remedies which Dr. Barringer sug gests. NEW YOIlK'S MISTAKE. At a recent session of tihe State Board of Tax Comissionc-rs of the State of New York, it was assertcd by those who pro tested against Uie essessments for spe? cial franchises that placing the organiza? tion tax so high and imposing such lia? bility and respon-dbility on directors were resronsible for the -fact that many cor? porations in Xew York had gone to New Jersey for their charters. These com? panies. it was pointed out. after organiz ing in New Jersey and paying into the treasury of that State a sum that amounted to millions of dollars a year. then went to New York and obtained per miss-on to do business without paying the State a cent. Severai years ago the peop'ic of Virginia got it into their heads that great corpora? tions were criminal and the Legislature was so illiberal that the American To? bacco Company was compelled to go to New Jersey for its charter. The people of New Jersey saw their opportunity, and offered liberal terms to corporations. with the resu.t that 'Uie State has largely paid its operating -expenses through its charter fees. and taxation has been .reduced to tlie minimum. Virginia lost a great opportunity, and all through prejudice. If this State had at that time showed the same liberal spirit ?towards corporations, .much of the money which has been poured Into the treasury of New Jersey would have found its way into the treasury of Virginia. MABl-SMAXSHIP TBE ESSEXTIAIj. The .all important jesson w-iich the war in South Africa has taught tlie military man is tlie value of ?markmanship with tiie improved magazine rifie. This wcapon has wholly changed Uie nature and char? acter of war from what it has heretofore been. The good marksmen armed with the best magazine riflcs will certanly win in iwar now, all other tliings being equal. Some of the results that the world has already ' learned of Boer shooting are sitrr'y amazing. and when wc- get an autheiiuc history of the contest that de seribes its incidents in detail, our sur prise will, no doubt, be verj- much In? creased. There never beiore was a war in nvhieh every soldier was such a shot as the individual Boer is, and conseouently there never before was a war in which the Jos-ses to the opposing sides were so disproportionate. Tlie 1-nglish have so far lost 16.000 men kiHed and wounded. while it is doubtfu- if the Boers have lost 3,000. The recent incident in wJiscli a pariy of English oflice-s out scouting was iired on is a remarkable testlmonial to the ac curacy of Boer shooting. Eight Boers iired a volley at flve Rnglislunen on bom-back at a distance or tiirce hundred yards. One Englisbmaii was kiled and three were wounded. lt is, of course, pos sib'e to .rick out eight -nera from the United States Army or from any other ainmy who could do thts, but these were not picked Boers. They were no more than the average Boer soldiers, a'll of whom ai*e jvcrfeot shots. "t-irt take any eight average soldiers out any orher anny, and we venture nothing in saying that if they had fired ?that volley tho _"ia.ices are not a man would have been struck. This -war, therefore. has demonstrated that the os-._-ent!al thing in military train? ing now ls perfection in -slvjoting with the iriUe. The nation that i>racticcs its pri? vate soldiers in shooting with the rifie until tiny actjuire great -tskill .with it, will utterly ?jverUirow the ?nation whose men have not been practlccd with St. This is the all important lesson lo be learned jkhv. and 'tho Congress of <he United State-- -ihouW give irtunediate Ijeed. ut M_ , Not only should provision be made for <Jhe tmost caroful training ot the. anen ln the regular army. but a liberal fund should ho provided -for training tlie militia of the States in marksmanship. The current number of the Nlneteenih Century Magazine has an article on ihe way tfhe EngOish army ls armed. and horiv the s-oldlor sho-ots that rmalces it qucsllonable whether in a war wilh our Contlnental Powers (al! of which, by the way, have been long giving attention to markmansliip). 'the English would have much show, notwithstand'ng the .gallantry^ of their ofllccrs and men. Tne writer' shows that tiie rifie the English soldier Is armed with is much inferior to the weapons -used by other first-class powers, and that the private soldiers are wholly untrained !n the use of it at any con sldcrab'e distance. Ile tells, for instance, that at the fight at Majuba Hill, nearly twenty years ago, most of Uie riflcs drop ped' by -the English soldiers who were killed, bad their sigh'ts set for four hun? dred yards, though they were firing at an enemy dircctly in presence. They had as well have been shooting with bows and arrows, as every shot went far over head. _____ We shall not wastc sympathy on Mr. W. D. Bynum, whose nomination as ' General Appraiser of the port of New York has failed of confirmation by the Senate. Those Democrats who in 1SS3 fought for sound money and Jcffersoniau principles were in no sense oflice-seekers. They helped to defeat Bryan and, inci dentally, helped to elect McKinley, but they have asked no rcward of office at the hands of the present administration. Mr. Bynum is one of the very few ex? ceptions, and we shall not shed tears if he fails to get a place. CUUKl-NX TOPJCS. February is the shortest month in the -year, but last February was the greatest februarv's month for foreign trade Wonderful which this country ever Lxliibit. knew. The total of imports for the month was JGS,77-!,150, an increase of $S,500,000 over the same month last year. Tiie total exports amounted to S11S,:'T9,M2, an in? crease of $25,500,000 over February, 1S39. The exports were 25 per cent. greater than the returns for the same period of any previous year in the history of the icountry. The excess of exports over imports was 550,00*0,000, which was 25 per cent, greater than It-St year's February excess, and 50 per cent. greater than ln the same month of any previous year. But there will be greater records than this. Wait until the country begins to make a showing on coal exports. A special from Hagerstown, Md., says: "Mr. Thomas Guantrell, formerly pri? vate seeretary to the, The IVfan *atc Governor Hamilton, From Cuba. gpent a few dayg ln Hagerstown. "Ho is just home from Cuba, where he was in the Quartermaster's Depart? ment at Manzanillo and' Jiguanl. In guarding government property he shot severai Cubans dead. "Guantrell says hc despises the Cubans,, as they hate the Americans. He says tha Cubans love war and hate work. The Cubans will fight the Arncricans, he says, before long, and will all have -to be killed off before the island can be Americanized." The Cubans are ineapablc of self-gov? ernment. Cuba is destined to be a ?provlnce of the United States, and the sooner the natives hold an election and vote their sentiments the better it will bc- for them. The great need of Cuba to-day is a settlcd government. APTEItSlA'X'H. Dr. Richard S. Dewey, weil known in Chicago, and who was formerly hea.d of the Kankakee Insane Asylum, is now himself an inniate of a saniiarium in Wisconsin. being insane and under re straint He was regarded as an insanity expert. and originatcd the cottage sys? tem. under which insane paticnts were divided into different classes. * . * Mr. A. R. Peacock made a flying trip from Los Angeles to Pittsburg, arriving at the Iatter place yesterday morning. He is a director in the Carnegie Company. and wanted to attend a meeting or: the board called for Saturday. He chartered a special engino and a Puliman car from the Santa Fe Road, which ngrecd to de? liver him in Chicago in thirty-six hurs. His fare from Los Angeles to Chicago was ,*?3,500. " . * The war In the Transvaal has caused those in authority in London to pass through a terrible ordeal. lt is .said that when George Wyndham entered the Brit? ish War Ollice, a little more than a year ago. he did not have a gray hair. and now his hair'is silvery white. A s;mi'ar change was noticed in the appcarance of Sir George Trevelyan. ln 1SS2, when he becanie Chief Seeretary for Ireland, im? mediately after the assassination of Lord Frederick Cavendish. he was described by Mr. Parnell as having hair of raven blackness. Three months afterward his hair had become as white as snow. A Persian priest has reeently decided that Chicago must have a temple cedi cated to the worship of the sun. * _ * A curious Scotch rhyme concernlng the calcuiation of Easter runs as follows: First comes Candlcmass, And then the new mune. The next Tuesday after that Is aye Fasting- e'en. That moon out, And the next at its hcight, Then next Sunday after that Is aye Pasehe right It is said that this rhyme has never been known to be inaccurate before, but if it ls worked out for this year it will be found that it pla.es Easter day on April 22d. Disquiet in*j. It is somewhat disquie'.ing to obscrve that while it is hotoriously ImpcssibJt' to live in AVashington on ""5,000 a year, com parativcly few Congressman die in cflice. ?Detriot Journal. The Dcacon's Droam. "May you take this less-.m home T-lth you to-night, dear friends.'' ccncluded tbe preacher at the end of a very iong and wearisome sermon. ''And may ito spirltiial truths sink deep into your hearts and lives to the end that your souis ms'y experlence salvation. We will now bow our heads in prayer. DeaJ.n AVhlte, will you lead?" There was no rcsponsc. "Deacon "White." this time in a loudcr voice, "Deacon White, will you leau?'' Still no rcsponsc. lt was ev'djnt that the Deacon was slumbering. -Tlfe preach? er -made a third appeal. and raised his voice lo_a pitcli that succ.ed-'d in wak Ing the drowsy man. i "__>e_icou White, will you p'-cije liaQ'i" The Deacon rubbed his eye" and cjened them wonderinglv. ? ._ ? -,_ "Is it my lead? No, 1 just: deait. -De troit Free Press. U-_-~ ?--*-*-??-** Three Anjjels. They say this life js barren, drear, and cold; ? . ... Ever the same sad song was sung or oia. Ever the same long, weary tfile is to iu. And to our llps is held the cup of strite? And yet a little love can sweeten lltc. They say our h'ands may grasp but jays destroyed, Touth has but dreams, and age an achmg void, Whose Dead Sea fruit long, long ago has cloyed, Whose night with wild, tetnpestuous storms is rife? And yet a little hope can biighten life. TBitey-say wo lling mjtrsclves in wMd de spalr Amidst the broken treasurcs scattered there, Where all is wrccked where all once promised fair, And stab ourselves with sorrow's two edged knife? And yet a little patience strengthens lire. Ts it, then. true this tale of bitter grief, Of mortal anguish findlng no reiiefV Lo, midst thc winter shines tlie laurel' leaf Thrc-e angc-ls share the lot of liurnan strife. Three angels glorify lhe path of life. Love, liopc, and patience cheer us on our wa y, Love, hope. and patience form our splr it's stay, Love. hope, ar.d patience watch us day by day, And bid the desert bloom with beauty vernal Until the earthly fades in thc ettrnal. ?F. S. ln Temple Bar. Tlie Solo Surviviir. "Phw.is ivery place cavcred ln Noah's flood, Dinny?" "All but th' city of Cork, Larry."-Chl? cago News. Thc Reason. Mrs. Pilkins?"Why don't that horrid man, Swiller, across the itreet, sober up? He's been on n spree a week." 'Mr. Pilkins?"Swiller is a philosopher? if he sobcrs up he knows he'il have a heaclachc-."?Ohio State Journal. Somcbody to Blame. The lawless killing of the negro Cotton and the white man O'Grady at Emporia was one of the most inexcusable affairs of the kind that ever occurred in this Commonwealth. The prisoners were in the hands of the State oflicials. There was no fear that they would break jail or be rescued by outside friends. Cotton had confessed liis guilt, and there was not the least doubt that he would re? ceive the due penalty of his crime by the regular process of law. Indeed, he was already under sentence of death for murder at Portsmouth. The guilt of O'Grady -vas not fully established; and there is grave doubt whether he was in any way responsible for the murder of Saunders and Welton. But the mob did not stop to discriminate or to reilect. And just here is one of the worst fea? tures of the lynchlng practice. A mob resembles a tiger?when once' it tastes blood it demands more, and does not stop to consider carefully the guilt of the victim. ln this case tiie usual provo cation of lynchlng; was absent. Nb wo? man was coneerned. Jt was simple mur? dcr. Ali tlie facts were known, and the law provides ample machinery for the punishment of the murderer. It is not easy to imagine a case in which a rc sort to lawless punishment would be less dofensible. There may be times and cir? cumstances under which men are ex cusable for revcrting to natural rights and protcciing themselves by the iaw. If a criminal whose guilt is Uioroughly established escapes punishment through the defect of the law, the negligence of officials. or on account of some mere teehnieal failure in the prosecution, then It is but natural lhat an outraged com munlty should endcavor to find a remedy outside of the law. When "the usual crlme" is the provoeation there is this additional plea, that the outraged wo? man may be saved from the mortifica tion of testifying to her shame in open court. None of these extenuatlng cir? cumstances can be pleaded in defence of the Emporia mob. Justice has been out Golf Tournament and Ball. Hampton UoadsCIub Versus I-alcesltlc. ? Spccial Rate to Old Point, ia G. On account of the Hampton' Roads Golf Tournament on Saturday Slst, wllen Mr. Yavden, tlie ehunpion of the world, will give an cxhibitipn of golf, and the Golf Ball at lhe Chaniberlin, the C. & O. Railway will sell round-trip tickets at ?:!.0O, from Richmond to Old Point. for the 3:45 P. M. train of Friday 30th, and 9 A. M. train of Saturday 31st, good for return to following Monday. SPRING HAS COME and with it the usual Iassitude, languor, and inertla. Thc manner in which you d'rag your weary limbs around and the diffcrence which you show to pass ing events, indicatcs thc sluggishness of your blood. Disease is largeiy in evi? dence, and If you do not take a Blood Purifier at once the conser-uences may be more serious than you think. As a tor.ic Alterative Dr. David's Iodo Ferrated Sarsaparilla has no superior. For Eczema, .tell, Boils, Pimples. Scrofula, Old Sores, Catarrh and all Skin and - Blood Diseases Dr. David's lodo-Ferrated Sarsaparilla is the cure you need. lt cures where others fall. It will give you health and' strength by* making pure. blood, thus eliminating all taint and disr ease from the system. Don't be led to take some much advertised nostrum. but insist upon lhaving the. genuine Dr. David's lodo-Ferratcd Sarsaparilla. Read what Dr. J. W. Smith says of it: ' Reidsville, N.C .. Oct. 17, 1S93. Owens & Minor Drug Company, -J-lch mond. Va.: Dear Sirs,?Please send me three dozen Dr. David's lodo-Ferrated Sarsaparilla. I have entirely sold out the last lot I regard your Dr. David's lodo-Ferrated Sarsaparilla as tho best alterative prepa ration that I have ever come in con tct with during a period of many years in the drug business and In thc practice of medicine. lt sells better than any other article that 1 handle, and I -fre? quently prescribe it in cases where indi catert,' and alway's with the best results. Yours truly, J. AV. SMITH, M. D., Physician and Druggist. If you cannot procure it of your drug? gist or merchant write to us. Price $1 a bottle; six bottles for $5. OWENS & MINOR DRUG CO., Richmond, Va. " Don't fail to see the Great Majestic Ran?o bake biseuits in three minutes all this week at MORGAN R. MILLS & CO., ?No. 28 North Ninth Street. Vigorous rubbing with Dixie Nerve and Bone Liniment will eurc Rheumatism. Pains in the Back, Joints, Shoulders and Sides. Uiisurpassed for Neuralgia. Re? member, Dixie Nerve and Bone Liniment cures Corus and Bunions, and don't take anything but the "Dixie" when you want a nerve and bone liniment Price, 25 cents evervwhere. All this week at our store Majestic Cookipg Exhlbltion. You are invited.. MORGAN R. MILLS & CO'fc*. ," * ' (No. 2-S North Nu-th Street. raged, the good name of the State has been tarnished by a crime that ls worse ,in Its consequences than that committed by the victim of the mob. We have no sympathy whatever for Cotton. He de served to die. He had forfeited his_lire by his dastardly crime, and no doubt would have explated his offence on the gallc-ws, but all these" conslderations do not justify the action, of the mob which set at defiance the laws and lawfuilj' constituted authorities of the State. lf the troops had not been withdrawn the mob would have been baflled.. It is evi dent that a mistake was made, but lt is not our purpose to decide on whosw shoulders the blame rests. uovernor Tyler says that he did all that he could under the law, and throws the blame nn the Sheriff. What the -defence of the Sheriff is we are not informed. It may be that he was decelved by appearances and apprehendcd no danger. Howefer tliis may be, Virginia must bear the re proach that has been brought upon her by the thotightlcss and culpablc conduct of a lawlcss mob.?Lynchburg News. THE EMPORIA LYNCHING, The Mob Without Kclief fbr Their I'reii/.y Woiil'd Attnclc alilitury. Kditor of Tne Times: fc'ir?Now that so much is being said concetning the Emporia lyntWng allow, if you pleuse, a few lines from one who was upon the scene. The wriler adiniies your boid denunciation ol tbe a_i'__ir, as well as your attitude toward the mob and mob violence. The TSmess, neither in presentatlon of facts rclated to this affair nor in expres sion of sound views pertaiiiing tiiereto, has proved dereliet, but rather fully equal to tne exigencies. A bad state of atfairs existed in the heretol'ore quiet and law-abiding town of Emporia. The public mind was deep stirred by the numerous recent atrocities. i.cd-iiandcd, confessed culprits were in the law's custody. Tlie blood of citizens uc inanded retribution. Loeal authorities anticipating such vio? lence as resulted, souglit relief from the State's Chief Executive. For a time the situation seemed well in hand. Law ar.d order proinised to pre vi-ii even In the face of assembled mut tering -nobs. Those bent on violence stood temporarily awed in the presence of the State authorities, and though im precauons deep and iong drawn escaped the throngs, thougii dark looks and nienacing gestures with darker inteat swayed the multlttides, tiie hand of vio? lence was yet stayed. How majestic is the law which screens its meanest cul prit anon to adjust the nccse to liis cou demned neck! lt is not ours to prefer the eliargo of dereliction against any of the authorities concerned, but it was plainly an emergeney in which men with eour? ageous convictions were needed at the ?helm. Your ccrrespondent believes that such was the frenzy of the public mind that relief would 1-ave eventually been sought, evc-n though it may have involv ed a clas'h with the militia. In that* event who can say what would have happened? The mob influence is alvays to be de precated, and how tinfortt'iiate is the re? cent blot marring the proud escutcheon of the Mother of States! God spare every section of our noble State iong from a recurrenoe of last Sat urday's infringement on the law's su? premacy. While none may have regrets to waste on the fate of the notorious des.peradoes, who met their merits at the rope's end, yet every one must "feel a b.ush of shume that the law's sanctity has been for the time ignored. ROBT. W. GRIZZARD. Xewsoms, Va., March 23, 1900. Defeiuls ihe Governor. It is not simply a high regard and great esteem for Governor Tyler that lmpels us to take a stand" in his behalf against the critics of his course with re? gard to tlie unfortunate Emporia affair. lt is rnerely an act of justice. We be? lieve that Governor Tyler did all that he could under the circiimstances, and. that the blame is solely upen the sheriff and the people of Emporia themselves. Tlie sheriff was the agent of the people of Emporia, appointed by them to pro? tect them and uphold the law in just, such instances as the one in question! It was at his instance that 'the Gover nor's aid was invoked' and it was to him that the Governor looked for a proper use of the military sent him in response to his call for help. His failure to do his duty can in no way reflect upon the Governor. The sheriff asked that the military sent him be recalied, stating that the danger of mob violence was over. He was the suprerne reprcsenta? tive of the law and was in command of the situation. As the agent of the people affected his request was honored. If, as has been intimated'. he was drunk, or if as has (been stated, he was In sympathy with the mob and was^ so un mindful of his sacred duty as to'become intoxieated or to lend himself to a plan to circumvent the trust imposed upon him, .ho is to blame for the lynchlng and the people who appointed him their agent are to blame, for allowing such a weak or dishonorable man to occupy so responsible a position among them.' As the Governor says, he might have de? clared martial law upon tbe representa tion of the military, but the evils of such an act aro so apparent, and havo al? ways been so, that no Executive ex? cept in the most extreme cases and upon the unpualified assertion of every one that the law can be uphe'.d in no other way, ever resorts to it. To err is certainly human, and Governor Tyler is no less human than others, and he has, no doubt, made mistakes as other men do, yet in this instance we cannot see that he has done wrong or that he has left tir.d'one anything which, as the Chief Executive of the State of Virginia, he should have dene.?Roanoke Times. AN ELECTRIC HORSE SHOE, Every Time the Horse Puts Down His Foot Hic Bell Biii-;.--. Franz Enge who used to siioe horses for Emperor William-and who now is demonstrator of forging in the Veterin ary School of the University of Penn? sylvanla, tried - an electric horse shoe last week. It was during an "animal clinic." held for the benetit of" the stu ,dents. Tne horse ran along the track and every time he put down his foot a bell attached to the saddle rang sharp ly. His hoof acted like a push button. When he lifted it, the bell stopped ringing; when he stepped, the bell rang again. It gave one the impression that there'was an excited bicyclist somewhere near. As the horse trotted along you could tell how fast he was moving, or you could count his steps by the ring? ing of the bell. The contrivance. could also be used' to count the number of jumps a raco horse would take to tho mile, for, of course, a recordlng appara-* tus could easily be substituted for the bell. But that was far from the inten? tion of Horr Enge. The idea of the contrivance was to illustrate how the apparently rigid hoof of tlie horse expands when the animul treads upon it. The idea is ingenious. First tho hoof itself was coated with tinfoil. Next a special shoe was fltted to tlie foot. From this shoe straight strips of metal extended upward parallel to the hoof, .but not quite touching tha foil. I^lttlo thumb-screws were Inserted in holes in the metal strips and screwed in until they very nearly reached the foil. The strips and the foil were con? nected to an electric cell and the bell. When the 'horse trod- upon his hoof it bulged out on all sides as it always does. This brought the foil and' the thumb scre%ys in contact with one another. The. circuit was instantjy. .completed and the bell ran_r. j -_^_; ' ? - J No. 1 09 East Broad Street The REDUCTLON SALE of the ENTIRE STOCK of thc Miller China Co. at 15 to 20 PER CENT. BELOW COST will be CONTINUED THE REST OF THE WEEK?then the store will be closed. YOUR LAST CHANCE TO GET China, Crockery, Glassware, Earthenware, Sterling and Other Silverware, Cut-Glass and Household Goods j^t .T-hL-ese "Ve^Sr*' Loiar JPx-ices. A. B. Dickinson and E. W. Stearns, foceivers. FRESH G0SS1P FROM GOTHAM The Sports Have a Severe Dis- J appointment. A RICH BROKER'S FAD. A Itabbi Worts jn a Ci?ar Faetory for Lack of Better Employment. Miss Benedict's Slarriti-jc. CIon Danccr Dead. NH-W YORK, "March 29?Special.?The sportlng fraternity were very much sur? prised and chagrined at the aetion of tiie Senate in passlng the Lewis bill repeal, "mgi Ihe Horton law. They felt sure that the friends of "manly sport" in the Senate would defeat the repeal bill, and they are very imueh disappointed that it ?passed. A RICH JACK TAR. __n.il II. Rosenblatt. a rich young stockbroker of this city, recently con ceived the idea that he would like to go to tManlla. He applied for a place on the transport Sumner, but positions were scarce and the only vacancy that he could' find was that of asslstant storekeeper -with a salary of ?_0 a month. He readily accepted the position and re? ported for duty. The sailors looked sus piciously at him when he appeared in fashionable attire with diamonds spark ling about his person, 4but he Inslsteu* that he was going to take the job. The captain received him cordially, and he made himself so agreeable to bis new mates that by the time he had received shoie leave for the rest of the day he was a ger.eral t'avorite. A SCRAP OF PAPER. Joseph Lavelie was crossing from Jersey City to Xew* York on a Penn? sylvania ferry boat when a strong wind biew a torn half sheet of newspaper across his face. Lavelie is crippled with rheumatism and was unable to lift j his arm to sc-ize the newspaper, but j when it dropped into his lap he idly be- j gan to pursue its contents. Imagine i his horror when his eye rested' on the j announcement of his wife's death. He > did not even know that she was III. j Three weeks ago, after a family quarrel. i he ciuit his wife, who had elected that they should separate. 3_rs. Lavelie then | left her home. being at the time in good i health. She was taken ill two -weeks \ ago and was admitted to the General j Hospital. where she grew from bad to I worse and' rinally died. Kffort.s had been rria.de, but ln vaiii, to locate thc hus- | band before she died. RABBI MAKES CTGARS. | Rabbi Isaac Greenwald arrived in this | city a few months ago from poiand. He is a bright man and has en'oyed a repu tation at home for learning and piety. j but the pulpits here were all filled and I his money soon ran out. He then se- , cured a place In a cigar faetory, and was j getting along first rate when he received i word from Passaic. X. J.. that he had j been appointed teacher in a Talmud , school there. and' so he resigned his j position in the faetory. It ls said that j the firm presented him with aH the j eigars that he had made. NOTES. 1 The Second Congregational Church, of j Grec-nwich. Conn., has been secured for i the wedding of Miss Helen Benedict. j daughter of E. C. Benedict, and' Mr. j Thomas Hastings. on April -Oth. Miss j Benedict is a member of the Greenwlch , Prosbyterian Church. but that edifice is ; too small for the occasion. George Richard Sands, known as tbe champion clog dancer. died here on I Tuesday last of pneumonia. aged sixty ; years. - He was very popular in his day j but died in -poverty. Separation papers were granted recent- : Jy at Rome, _*"". Y., to Charity Hunger- j ford, aged seve.nty. and Orrin Hunger- j ford. aged ninety-two. The aetion was brbiight by the wife against thp husband on the ground of cruel and inhumau treatment. Governor Pingrec. of Michigan. who Is in the city. is quoted as saying that X-e*v* York ought to own the underground r il- ; road from the start instead of waiting j ttfty years for it. He believes in munie. pal ownership, and thinks that 3 cent j fares woulrf be enough. Two cents, hc , says, would pay on the surface lines. ' - ?- ! Russia, France autl Chuia's "Open 1 Door."* If America is to preserve tha open door for her trade .in all parts of the Chinese empire as now eonstituted, she will have to be .uiek about it. "Whom the gods would destroy they first make mad." And "m.el" describes the present so-ealled government of China more ae- 1 curatelv than any other word. If America could unite with the other Powers in? terested in preserving the open. door and ?help gradually to reform and thus to strengthen the defence of the empire un? til China could stand alona and taBe her rightful place among the famtly or* nations there would still be hope far that policv. But for China to light KUO sia and France at this time invites di aster. For the nations Who favSr the open-door policy to stand aloof probably means great loss to the commerclal na? tions and endless diplomatlc d'spute-s, if not more serious international troubles ln tlie not distant future. Ko matter what promises are made by Russia and France now, once g^ve theta _ee_i contr?l wver large -lic?i m Chla**-. Flour THE THOMAS POTTS CO., MIHers* Agents, Richmond, Va. AND Building rViaferlal AT Wholesale and Retail. Manufacturer of Sash, Doors, Mould ing, Blinds, Statrs, Interior and Exterior finish. In Hardwocds, Cypress, Poplar. White Pine and Mapla Flooring, Hardware, Glass, Etc. Lumber Air-Dried, then Kiln-DHed. Agents for Ruberoid Rooiing, and e_.i?i -ni^s* %J> <_ ____. 3___? ?__g __3l a F. SITTERDING. Main Yards and ) Office _ Sf. JAMES & LEIGH. Rya.^S^h}'-0'''8''RDYiLElGH. Factor,3 "'" ^ \ ST- JAMES 4 -"ACKS01*-* ?HEPODSIIil 1SHERE New Carriages are a!\v_*.ys wanted ot this "season. We simpiy advertlse that you may not forget that the POSHEB ARE THE BEST OlJARRlAGES T0 BUY RUBBER TIRES. EPAJRING AND EPAINTIWG. The Largest and Most Complcte Stock of tho LAIEST \OVELTiE3 ?n RUNABOUTS, TRAPS, PHAETONS and SURB.ES To be -een in the City. Laundry Wagons, Delivery Wagons. Dayion Wagons. Illii 15 S. 9th St, Richmond, Va. territory. and. sooner or later the open door will he shut in our txcc'.?Ftora ?The Warlfke Tollcy. of the Kmpr-s. Dowager o- China." by -William X. Brew ster, in. the American Monthiy Keview ot K_v.*-ws for April. Sortrhnm Scctf. The second supply of sorghum seed has been exhausteil. and Commlssioner Kotner will not be able to till any o'her orders that he may receive. There ls still a rjuantity of sugar beet seed on hand; j however, 'Which will be sent, postagc paid, to those who desire to teat tt: The ceiwly-appotnted ronilizer, inspec ! tors will roport for duty next Tuesday. j and will be 1nstru<_led aa to. tha manner !" in which they are to pposew-ti thalr work.