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The times. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1890-1903, March 30, 1900, Image 4

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llrc limes.
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TJ-I- ."-MI.RICAN NI.GIIO.
One of the most sdbolar.y as well as
one of the most cnterU-ining and in
structive papers on thc American negro
lhat we have seen is that which was read
by Dr. Paul B. Barringer, ehairmnn of tlie
faculty of tlie Univer.sity of Virginia,
before _he Tri-State Medical Ass-ociation.
which met in Gharleston during the
month of Fobruary last. a copy of which
has rene-itiy fallen into our hands
"through the kindncss of a friend.
Dr. Barringer begins by quoting a
"biological ax-iom. which reads, "the onto
geny ls the ropclition of tlie philogeny."
This he translates to mean "Uie life his?
tory ls the re-petition of the race his?
tory." "Freely interpreted," he adds,
"it means that tiie life history of any
IndiviiduaJ, of any type, unless modified
?by forces of -except-onal character, will
tend to conform to the lines of ancostral
traits. ln otlier -vorus, it is a tersc ex
0>r_-s.*aion of the exislence of the force
which -i'i- call horedity in life."
Arppl.ving liis "biologicai axiom" to the
"mmar. race and taking as an exnmple
of lhat race tlie Southern negro, he de
claics that the tendency of tho negro to
return to barbarism is as natural as the
return of the sow thut is washed to her
tvallowing iu the mire; that the ages of
degradation under which he was formed
nnd thc fifty cemturies of historically re?
corded savagery with which ho came to
us cannot be perniancntly influenced by
ono or two centuries of enforced correc
tion, if Lhe oorrectir.g force be withdrawn;
that when the correcting force of dis
cipline was removed he, like tlie released
plummet, l>egan lo fall. and, although the
mills of the gods grind slowly, what we
bav. already seen is but tlie first evi
dence of a rnotion as certain in its results
u.-- the law of gravitatioii.
Tracing the origin of the American
negro, Dr. Barringer tpoints out that he
came from the west coast of Africa and
from thc valleys of tlie Niger and the
_5enagaJ, and that as everything in that
part of Africa is originally of one race
?ur.d one blood, the Americn nc-gro_ is of
rtruc negro origin und came from the
very lowest of the blacks of Africa. He
draws s. distinction between tbese savage
cannibals. lazy. lustful and with-out any
moral insllii-ts, and those of the lndo
Africa-i race, who are a better type
After dwelling at some lengt-i on the
_h__r_u--_rla_ics of the negro savage and
thc manner in which thet-e savages were
ln-4-3rted into the United Stfltes and sold
us sla-.es. Dr. Barringer comes to speak
of _he oondition of tlie negro in the South
a; the cl_--e Of the war. "Whatever the
evJ_B of slavery may have been," says
he, "and 1 have no desire lo m'nimize
them. tlie general result was. at the close
ot tlie war. some ..OOO.OC. r.ej-roes, wiio
were in tiioir average morality and char?
acter c*> fur ahead of any other -,000,-O0,
or any other l.OOt'.OW of tiiat race to be
found elsewhere ou the face of tiie earth
toat they were not in the same class."
And he incidenlally remarks that "Mrs.
Slowe'e imclligc.nce should have seen
thc paradOXical side of a work written in
tnitii*lMn of a ci\*i!izatlon which produced
att "Unde Tom" and a "*i\ _isy"' from
savage cannibaJs dn less than live genera
vioas. ? ?
Evury person who was old enough to
know BnyUiing at the close of tlie war
kuov.-s lhat the negt-oes. especially wliat
was known as the "tiouse negi-o," that ls
_"?-_?- who had been in close contact with
Uie -Vhltc*. wcrc far siiperior, in tho
uiatter of manner* and morals at least,
to thc ncgroes as a class of to-day. They
-i-cre geiiteel and they had some indl
vidualily and character. Take an old
-_me Virginia carriage drfver or butler of
to-day and you w.H ilnd a man of sensc.
a ?ian of character and lii many respects
a polbSiod gciitl-Jiran.
But lo procef-d wlth Dr. Bai-ringcr's
P3.ier. He p-jdnts out that as a -jjavc tlio
negro ?v_-> tausbl two -w-iolcsom-1 leswont*?
to wurk uwi U> obcy?aao that uuder suvh ,
' tutelage thero was exeellent attalnment
He noles also rhat those negro soldiers
in tho recent Sl-anlsh-Americ-vn war, who
h.id been trained by white ofllccrs and
who were led by white ofllcer.-?, gave an
encellrnt account of thi\msclves In battle.
".Eve.ry day of slavc-ry," says hc, "seems
Jo have counted for their benefit, as will
b_> seen lf we comparc the records of this
goneration with that of those whose boast
it is that they were born free. It is not
the oldcst negro, but the negro under
thirty who crowds our jails and penifen
tiaries tSroughout the land."
Yea, verily. It Is not the ex-slave who
oommlts crimin:vl assault upon wliitc wo?
men. The slaves were taught to respect
and revefe a good woman. Tbc chaps
who :ire lynchcd for this crime are those
of the new gencration. But how could
one expeel oihcr things? We have frc
qucjitly said in dlSCUSElng tliis subject,
and Dr. Barringer dwclls on tbe same
point. that tho young negro of to-day.
with his savage nature, with his brutal
InsUi-Cts. with a hcalthy physical devel
oj.ment and strong animal passions, is
brought up Jiot In bondage of any sort,
but ln an almosphcre of liberty and
lieense. He has no one to train him or
rcsfcraln him; no masterful hand koeps
his appetitcs and passions ln subjoction.
11c does not excrcise control over him?
self and -so *he grows up with liis animal
nature suprerne, and he is controlled
neither by the heart nor the intellect,
but by tho brutal force of his nature. His
one idea is to gratify his appetites and
his passlons and he does so at every op?
portunity.
Of course thero are many honorable
exceptions to tliis rule, but we speak of
the new negro as a type. We speak of
those Who roam around and whose bodies
are often found dangling from tlie limb
of a tree.
But Dr. Barringer makes a statement
just here which is worthy of the most
serious thought and which commands the
attention of the whites. He says that it
is a pe-rfectly plain truth that the pro
Icnged contact of thi- white man with the
black man has resulted in the degradation
of the while race. "There is no use ln
longer mincing matters," he <_dds, "this
problem is to sare T'.:e white man of the
South from further barbarism by leclaim
ing the savage with A-hom he is .nstpara
bly.tied."
Tliis is a startling proposit'on, yet it
must be in a measure true, far "vice will
sooner transform virtue into a bawd than
tbat virtue will liken vice to its own
image." The white man must lift the
nc-gTo up or the negro will pull the white
man down.
Tliis article is already extended beyond
its allotment of !-race, and so we must
postiwne until another day the discussion
of the remedies which Dr. Barringer sug
gests.
NEW YOIlK'S MISTAKE.
At a recent session of tihe State Board
of Tax Comissionc-rs of the State of New
York, it was assertcd by those who pro
tested against Uie essessments for spe?
cial franchises that placing the organiza?
tion tax so high and imposing such lia?
bility and respon-dbility on directors were
resronsible for the -fact that many cor?
porations in Xew York had gone to New
Jersey for their charters. These com?
panies. it was pointed out. after organiz
ing in New Jersey and paying into the
treasury of that State a sum that
amounted to millions of dollars a year.
then went to New York and obtained per
miss-on to do business without paying
the State a cent.
Severai years ago the peop'ic of Virginia
got it into their heads that great corpora?
tions were criminal and the Legislature
was so illiberal that the American To?
bacco Company was compelled to go to
New Jersey for its charter. The people
of New Jersey saw their opportunity, and
offered liberal terms to corporations. with
the resu.t that 'Uie State has largely paid
its operating -expenses through its charter
fees. and taxation has been .reduced to tlie
minimum.
Virginia lost a great opportunity, and
all through prejudice. If this State had at
that time showed the same liberal spirit
?towards corporations, .much of the money
which has been poured Into the treasury
of New Jersey would have found its
way into the treasury of Virginia.
MABl-SMAXSHIP TBE ESSEXTIAIj.
The .all important jesson w-iich the war
in South Africa has taught tlie military
man is tlie value of ?markmanship with
tiie improved magazine rifie. This wcapon
has wholly changed Uie nature and char?
acter of war from what it has heretofore
been. The good marksmen armed with
the best magazine riflcs will certanly win
in iwar now, all other tliings being equal.
Some of the results that the world has
already ' learned of Boer shooting are
sitrr'y amazing. and when wc- get an
autheiiuc history of the contest that de
seribes its incidents in detail, our sur
prise will, no doubt, be verj- much In?
creased. There never beiore was a war
in nvhieh every soldier was such a shot as
the individual Boer is, and conseouently
there never before was a war in which
the Jos-ses to the opposing sides were so
disproportionate. Tlie 1-nglish have so far
lost 16.000 men kiHed and wounded. while
it is doubtfu- if the Boers have lost
3,000.
The recent incident in wJiscli a pariy of
English oflice-s out scouting was iired
on is a remarkable testlmonial to the ac
curacy of Boer shooting. Eight Boers
iired a volley at flve Rnglislunen on
bom-back at a distance or tiirce hundred
yards. One Englisbmaii was kiled and
three were wounded. lt is, of course, pos
sib'e to .rick out eight -nera from the
United States Army or from any other
ainmy who could do thts, but these were
not picked Boers. They were no more
than the average Boer soldiers, a'll of
whom ai*e jvcrfeot shots.
"t-irt take any eight average soldiers
out any orher anny, and we venture
nothing in saying that if they had fired
?that volley tho _"ia.ices are not a man
would have been struck.
This -war, therefore. has demonstrated
that the os-._-ent!al thing in military train?
ing now ls perfection in -slvjoting with the
iriUe. The nation that i>racticcs its pri?
vate soldiers in shooting with the rifie
until tiny actjuire great -tskill .with it, will
utterly ?jverUirow the ?nation whose men
have not been practlccd with St. This is
the all important lesson lo be learned
jkhv. and 'tho Congress of <he United
State-- -ihouW give irtunediate Ijeed. ut M_ ,
Not only should provision be made for
<Jhe tmost caroful training ot the. anen
ln the regular army. but a liberal fund
should ho provided -for training tlie militia
of the States in marksmanship.
The current number of the Nlneteenih
Century Magazine has an article on ihe
way tfhe EngOish army ls armed. and
horiv the s-oldlor sho-ots that rmalces it
qucsllonable whether in a war wilh our
Contlnental Powers (al! of which, by
the way, have been long giving attention to
markmansliip). 'the English would have
much show, notwithstand'ng the .gallantry^
of their ofllccrs and men. Tne writer'
shows that tiie rifie the English soldier
Is armed with is much inferior to the
weapons -used by other first-class powers,
and that the private soldiers are wholly
untrained !n the use of it at any con
sldcrab'e distance. Ile tells, for instance,
that at the fight at Majuba Hill, nearly
twenty years ago, most of Uie riflcs drop
ped' by -the English soldiers who were
killed, bad their sigh'ts set for four hun?
dred yards, though they were firing at
an enemy dircctly in presence. They had
as well have been shooting with bows
and arrows, as every shot went far over
head. _____
We shall not wastc sympathy on Mr.
W. D. Bynum, whose nomination as '
General Appraiser of the port of New
York has failed of confirmation by the
Senate. Those Democrats who in 1SS3
fought for sound money and Jcffersoniau
principles were in no sense oflice-seekers.
They helped to defeat Bryan and, inci
dentally, helped to elect McKinley, but
they have asked no rcward of office at
the hands of the present administration.
Mr. Bynum is one of the very few ex?
ceptions, and we shall not shed tears if
he fails to get a place.
CUUKl-NX TOPJCS.
February is the shortest month in the
-year, but last February was the greatest
februarv's month for foreign trade
Wonderful which this country ever
Lxliibit. knew.
The total of imports for the month was
JGS,77-!,150, an increase of $S,500,000 over
the same month last year. Tiie total
exports amounted to S11S,:'T9,M2, an in?
crease of $25,500,000 over February, 1S39.
The exports were 25 per cent. greater
than the returns for the same period of
any previous year in the history of the
icountry. The excess of exports over
imports was 550,00*0,000, which was 25 per
cent, greater than It-St year's February
excess, and 50 per cent. greater than ln
the same month of any previous year.
But there will be greater records than
this. Wait until the country begins to
make a showing on coal exports.
A special from Hagerstown, Md., says:
"Mr. Thomas Guantrell, formerly pri?
vate seeretary to the,
The IVfan *atc Governor Hamilton,
From Cuba. gpent a few dayg ln
Hagerstown.
"Ho is just home from Cuba, where
he was in the Quartermaster's Depart?
ment at Manzanillo and' Jiguanl. In
guarding government property he shot
severai Cubans dead.
"Guantrell says hc despises the Cubans,,
as they hate the Americans. He says
tha Cubans love war and hate work.
The Cubans will fight the Arncricans, he
says, before long, and will all have -to
be killed off before the island can be
Americanized."
The Cubans are ineapablc of self-gov?
ernment. Cuba is destined to be a
?provlnce of the United States, and the
sooner the natives hold an election and
vote their sentiments the better it will
bc- for them. The great need of Cuba
to-day is a settlcd government.
APTEItSlA'X'H.
Dr. Richard S. Dewey, weil known in
Chicago, and who was formerly hea.d of
the Kankakee Insane Asylum, is now
himself an inniate of a saniiarium in
Wisconsin. being insane and under re
straint He was regarded as an insanity
expert. and originatcd the cottage sys?
tem. under which insane paticnts were
divided into different classes.
* . *
Mr. A. R. Peacock made a flying trip
from Los Angeles to Pittsburg, arriving
at the Iatter place yesterday morning. He
is a director in the Carnegie Company.
and wanted to attend a meeting or: the
board called for Saturday. He chartered
a special engino and a Puliman car from
the Santa Fe Road, which ngrecd to de?
liver him in Chicago in thirty-six hurs.
His fare from Los Angeles to Chicago
was ,*?3,500.
" . *
The war In the Transvaal has caused
those in authority in London to pass
through a terrible ordeal. lt is .said that
when George Wyndham entered the Brit?
ish War Ollice, a little more than a year
ago. he did not have a gray hair. and
now his hair'is silvery white. A s;mi'ar
change was noticed in the appcarance of
Sir George Trevelyan. ln 1SS2, when he
becanie Chief Seeretary for Ireland, im?
mediately after the assassination of Lord
Frederick Cavendish. he was described
by Mr. Parnell as having hair of raven
blackness. Three months afterward his
hair had become as white as snow.
A Persian priest has reeently decided
that Chicago must have a temple cedi
cated to the worship of the sun.
* _ *
A curious Scotch rhyme concernlng the
calcuiation of Easter runs as follows:
First comes Candlcmass,
And then the new mune.
The next Tuesday after that
Is aye Fasting- e'en.
That moon out,
And the next at its hcight,
Then next Sunday after that
Is aye Pasehe right
It is said that this rhyme has never
been known to be inaccurate before, but
if it ls worked out for this year it will
be found that it pla.es Easter day on
April 22d.
Disquiet in*j.
It is somewhat disquie'.ing to obscrve
that while it is hotoriously ImpcssibJt' to
live in AVashington on ""5,000 a year, com
parativcly few Congressman die in cflice.
?Detriot Journal.
The Dcacon's Droam.
"May you take this less-.m home T-lth
you to-night, dear friends.'' ccncluded
tbe preacher at the end of a very iong
and wearisome sermon. ''And may ito
spirltiial truths sink deep into your hearts
and lives to the end that your souis ms'y
experlence salvation. We will now bow
our heads in prayer. DeaJ.n AVhlte, will
you lead?"
There was no rcsponsc.
"Deacon "White." this time in a loudcr
voice, "Deacon White, will you leau?''
Still no rcsponsc. lt was ev'djnt that
the Deacon was slumbering. -Tlfe preach?
er -made a third appeal. and raised his
voice lo_a pitcli that succ.ed-'d in wak
Ing the drowsy man.
i "__>e_icou White, will you p'-cije liaQ'i"
The Deacon rubbed his eye" and cjened
them wonderinglv. ? ._ ? -,_
"Is it my lead? No, 1 just: deait. -De
troit Free Press. U-_-~
?--*-*-??-**
Three Anjjels.
They say this life js barren, drear, and
cold; ? . ...
Ever the same sad song was sung or oia.
Ever the same long, weary tfile is to iu.
And to our llps is held the cup of strite?
And yet a little love can sweeten lltc.
They say our h'ands may grasp but jays
destroyed,
Touth has but dreams, and age an achmg
void,
Whose Dead Sea fruit long, long ago has
cloyed,
Whose night with wild, tetnpestuous
storms is rife?
And yet a little hope can biighten life.
TBitey-say wo lling mjtrsclves in wMd de
spalr
Amidst the broken treasurcs scattered
there,
Where all is wrccked where all once
promised fair,
And stab ourselves with sorrow's two
edged knife?
And yet a little patience strengthens lire.
Ts it, then. true this tale of bitter grief,
Of mortal anguish findlng no reiiefV
Lo, midst thc winter shines tlie laurel'
leaf
Thrc-e angc-ls share the lot of liurnan
strife.
Three angels glorify lhe path of life.
Love, liopc, and patience cheer us on our
wa y,
Love, hope. and patience form our splr
it's stay,
Love. hope, ar.d patience watch us day
by day,
And bid the desert bloom with beauty
vernal
Until the earthly fades in thc ettrnal.
?F. S. ln Temple Bar.
Tlie Solo Surviviir.
"Phw.is ivery place cavcred ln Noah's
flood, Dinny?"
"All but th' city of Cork, Larry."-Chl?
cago News.
Thc Reason.
Mrs. Pilkins?"Why don't that horrid
man, Swiller, across the itreet, sober up?
He's been on n spree a week."
'Mr. Pilkins?"Swiller is a philosopher?
if he sobcrs up he knows he'il have a
heaclachc-."?Ohio State Journal.
Somcbody to Blame.
The lawless killing of the negro Cotton
and the white man O'Grady at Emporia
was one of the most inexcusable affairs
of the kind that ever occurred in this
Commonwealth. The prisoners were in
the hands of the State oflicials. There
was no fear that they would break jail
or be rescued by outside friends. Cotton
had confessed liis guilt, and there was
not the least doubt that he would re?
ceive the due penalty of his crime by the
regular process of law. Indeed, he was
already under sentence of death for
murder at Portsmouth. The guilt of
O'Grady -vas not fully established; and
there is grave doubt whether he was in
any way responsible for the murder of
Saunders and Welton. But the mob did
not stop to discriminate or to reilect.
And just here is one of the worst fea?
tures of the lynchlng practice. A mob
resembles a tiger?when once' it tastes
blood it demands more, and does not
stop to consider carefully the guilt of
the victim. ln this case tiie usual provo
cation of lynchlng; was absent. Nb wo?
man was coneerned. Jt was simple mur?
dcr. Ali tlie facts were known, and the
law provides ample machinery for the
punishment of the murderer. It is not
easy to imagine a case in which a rc
sort to lawless punishment would be less
dofensible. There may be times and cir?
cumstances under which men are ex
cusable for revcrting to natural rights
and protcciing themselves by the iaw.
If a criminal whose guilt is Uioroughly
established escapes punishment through
the defect of the law, the negligence of
officials. or on account of some mere
teehnieal failure in the prosecution, then
It is but natural lhat an outraged com
munlty should endcavor to find a remedy
outside of the law. When "the usual
crlme" is the provoeation there is this
additional plea, that the outraged wo?
man may be saved from the mortifica
tion of testifying to her shame in open
court. None of these extenuatlng cir?
cumstances can be pleaded in defence of
the Emporia mob. Justice has been out
Golf Tournament and Ball.
Hampton UoadsCIub Versus I-alcesltlc.
? Spccial Rate to Old Point,
ia G.
On account of the Hampton' Roads
Golf Tournament on Saturday Slst, wllen
Mr. Yavden, tlie ehunpion of the world,
will give an cxhibitipn of golf, and the
Golf Ball at lhe Chaniberlin, the C. &
O. Railway will sell round-trip tickets
at ?:!.0O, from Richmond to Old Point.
for the 3:45 P. M. train of Friday 30th,
and 9 A. M. train of Saturday 31st, good
for return to following Monday.
SPRING HAS COME
and with it the usual Iassitude, languor,
and inertla. Thc manner in which
you d'rag your weary limbs around and
the diffcrence which you show to pass
ing events, indicatcs thc sluggishness of
your blood. Disease is largeiy in evi?
dence, and If you do not take a Blood
Purifier at once the conser-uences may
be more serious than you think.
As a tor.ic Alterative Dr. David's Iodo
Ferrated Sarsaparilla has no superior.
For Eczema, .tell, Boils, Pimples.
Scrofula, Old Sores, Catarrh and all
Skin and - Blood Diseases Dr. David's
lodo-Ferrated Sarsaparilla is the cure
you need.
lt cures where others fall. It will give
you health and' strength by* making pure.
blood, thus eliminating all taint and disr
ease from the system. Don't be led to
take some much advertised nostrum. but
insist upon lhaving the. genuine Dr.
David's lodo-Ferratcd Sarsaparilla.
Read what Dr. J. W. Smith says of it:
' Reidsville, N.C .. Oct. 17, 1S93.
Owens & Minor Drug Company, -J-lch
mond. Va.:
Dear Sirs,?Please send me three dozen
Dr. David's lodo-Ferrated Sarsaparilla.
I have entirely sold out the last lot I
regard your Dr. David's lodo-Ferrated
Sarsaparilla as tho best alterative prepa
ration that I have ever come in con
tct with during a period of many years
in the drug business and In thc practice
of medicine. lt sells better than any
other article that 1 handle, and I -fre?
quently prescribe it in cases where indi
catert,' and alway's with the best results.
Yours truly, J. AV. SMITH, M. D.,
Physician and Druggist.
If you cannot procure it of your drug?
gist or merchant write to us. Price $1 a
bottle; six bottles for $5.
OWENS & MINOR DRUG CO.,
Richmond, Va. "
Don't fail to see the Great Majestic
Ran?o bake biseuits in three minutes all
this week at
MORGAN R. MILLS & CO.,
?No. 28 North Ninth Street.
Vigorous rubbing with Dixie Nerve and
Bone Liniment will eurc Rheumatism.
Pains in the Back, Joints, Shoulders and
Sides. Uiisurpassed for Neuralgia. Re?
member, Dixie Nerve and Bone Liniment
cures Corus and Bunions, and don't take
anything but the "Dixie" when you want
a nerve and bone liniment Price, 25
cents evervwhere.
All this week at our store Majestic
Cookipg Exhlbltion. You are invited..
MORGAN R. MILLS & CO'fc*.
," * ' (No. 2-S North Nu-th Street.
raged, the good name of the State has
been tarnished by a crime that ls worse
,in Its consequences than that committed
by the victim of the mob. We have no
sympathy whatever for Cotton. He de
served to die. He had forfeited his_lire
by his dastardly crime, and no doubt
would have explated his offence on the
gallc-ws, but all these" conslderations do
not justify the action, of the mob which
set at defiance the laws and lawfuilj'
constituted authorities of the State. lf
the troops had not been withdrawn the
mob would have been baflled.. It is evi
dent that a mistake was made, but lt is
not our purpose to decide on whosw
shoulders the blame rests. uovernor
Tyler says that he did all that he could
under the law, and throws the blame nn
the Sheriff. What the -defence of the
Sheriff is we are not informed. It may
be that he was decelved by appearances
and apprehendcd no danger. Howefer
tliis may be, Virginia must bear the re
proach that has been brought upon her
by the thotightlcss and culpablc conduct
of a lawlcss mob.?Lynchburg News.
THE EMPORIA LYNCHING,
The Mob Without Kclief fbr Their
I'reii/.y Woiil'd Attnclc alilitury.
Kditor of Tne Times:
fc'ir?Now that so much is being said
concetning the Emporia lyntWng allow,
if you pleuse, a few lines from one who
was upon the scene. The wriler adiniies
your boid denunciation ol tbe a_i'__ir, as
well as your attitude toward the mob and
mob violence.
The TSmess, neither in presentatlon of
facts rclated to this affair nor in expres
sion of sound views pertaiiiing tiiereto,
has proved dereliet, but rather fully
equal to tne exigencies.
A bad state of atfairs existed in the
heretol'ore quiet and law-abiding town of
Emporia. The public mind was deep
stirred by the numerous recent atrocities.
i.cd-iiandcd, confessed culprits were in
the law's custody. Tlie blood of citizens
uc inanded retribution.
Loeal authorities anticipating such vio?
lence as resulted, souglit relief from the
State's Chief Executive.
For a time the situation seemed well
in hand. Law ar.d order proinised to pre
vi-ii even In the face of assembled mut
tering -nobs. Those bent on violence
stood temporarily awed in the presence
of the State authorities, and though im
precauons deep and iong drawn escaped
the throngs, thougii dark looks and
nienacing gestures with darker inteat
swayed the multlttides, tiie hand of vio?
lence was yet stayed. How majestic is
the law which screens its meanest cul
prit anon to adjust the nccse to liis cou
demned neck! lt is not ours to prefer the
eliargo of dereliction against any of the
authorities concerned, but it was plainly
an emergeney in which men with eour?
ageous convictions were needed at the
?helm. Your ccrrespondent believes that
such was the frenzy of the public mind
that relief would 1-ave eventually been
sought, evc-n though it may have involv
ed a clas'h with the militia.
In that* event who can say what would
have happened?
The mob influence is alvays to be de
precated, and how tinfortt'iiate is the re?
cent blot marring the proud escutcheon
of the Mother of States!
God spare every section of our noble
State iong from a recurrenoe of last Sat
urday's infringement on the law's su?
premacy.
While none may have regrets to waste
on the fate of the notorious des.peradoes,
who met their merits at the rope's end,
yet every one must "feel a b.ush of shume
that the law's sanctity has been for the
time ignored.
ROBT. W. GRIZZARD.
Xewsoms, Va., March 23, 1900.
Defeiuls ihe Governor.
It is not simply a high regard and
great esteem for Governor Tyler that
lmpels us to take a stand" in his behalf
against the critics of his course with re?
gard to tlie unfortunate Emporia affair.
lt is rnerely an act of justice. We be?
lieve that Governor Tyler did all that
he could under the circiimstances, and.
that the blame is solely upen the sheriff
and the people of Emporia themselves.
Tlie sheriff was the agent of the people
of Emporia, appointed by them to pro?
tect them and uphold the law in just,
such instances as the one in question!
It was at his instance that 'the Gover
nor's aid was invoked' and it was to him
that the Governor looked for a proper
use of the military sent him in response
to his call for help. His failure to do
his duty can in no way reflect upon
the Governor. The sheriff asked that
the military sent him be recalied, stating
that the danger of mob violence was
over. He was the suprerne reprcsenta?
tive of the law and was in command
of the situation. As the agent of the
people affected his request was honored.
If, as has been intimated'. he was drunk,
or if as has (been stated, he was In
sympathy with the mob and was^ so un
mindful of his sacred duty as to'become
intoxieated or to lend himself to a plan
to circumvent the trust imposed upon
him, .ho is to blame for the lynchlng
and the people who appointed him their
agent are to blame, for allowing such
a weak or dishonorable man to occupy so
responsible a position among them.' As
the Governor says, he might have de?
clared martial law upon tbe representa
tion of the military, but the evils of such
an act aro so apparent, and havo al?
ways been so, that no Executive ex?
cept in the most extreme cases and
upon the unpualified assertion of every
one that the law can be uphe'.d in no
other way, ever resorts to it. To err
is certainly human, and Governor Tyler
is no less human than others, and he
has, no doubt, made mistakes as other
men do, yet in this instance we cannot
see that he has done wrong or that he
has left tir.d'one anything which, as the
Chief Executive of the State of Virginia,
he should have dene.?Roanoke Times.
AN ELECTRIC HORSE SHOE,
Every Time the Horse Puts Down His
Foot Hic Bell Biii-;.--.
Franz Enge who used to siioe horses
for Emperor William-and who now is
demonstrator of forging in the Veterin
ary School of the University of Penn?
sylvanla, tried - an electric horse shoe
last week. It was during an "animal
clinic." held for the benetit of" the stu
,dents. Tne horse ran along the track
and every time he put down his foot
a bell attached to the saddle rang sharp
ly. His hoof acted like a push button.
When he lifted it, the bell stopped
ringing; when he stepped, the bell rang
again. It gave one the impression that
there'was an excited bicyclist somewhere
near. As the horse trotted along you
could tell how fast he was moving, or
you could count his steps by the ring?
ing of the bell. The contrivance. could
also be used' to count the number of
jumps a raco horse would take to tho
mile, for, of course, a recordlng appara-*
tus could easily be substituted for the
bell. But that was far from the inten?
tion of Horr Enge.
The idea of the contrivance was to
illustrate how the apparently rigid hoof
of tlie horse expands when the animul
treads upon it. The idea is ingenious.
First tho hoof itself was coated with
tinfoil. Next a special shoe was fltted
to tlie foot. From this shoe straight
strips of metal extended upward parallel
to the hoof, .but not quite touching tha
foil. I^lttlo thumb-screws were Inserted
in holes in the metal strips and screwed
in until they very nearly reached the
foil. The strips and the foil were con?
nected to an electric cell and the bell.
When the 'horse trod- upon his hoof it
bulged out on all sides as it always does.
This brought the foil and' the thumb
scre%ys in contact with one another. The.
circuit was instantjy. .completed and the
bell ran_r. j -_^_; ' ? - J
No. 1 09 East Broad Street
The REDUCTLON SALE of the ENTIRE STOCK of thc
Miller China Co. at 15 to 20 PER CENT. BELOW COST will
be CONTINUED THE REST OF THE WEEK?then the
store will be closed.
YOUR LAST CHANCE TO GET
China, Crockery, Glassware, Earthenware,
Sterling and Other Silverware,
Cut-Glass and Household Goods
j^t .T-hL-ese "Ve^Sr*' Loiar JPx-ices.
A. B. Dickinson and E. W. Stearns, foceivers.
FRESH G0SS1P
FROM GOTHAM
The Sports Have a Severe Dis- J
appointment.
A RICH BROKER'S FAD.
A Itabbi Worts jn a Ci?ar Faetory
for Lack of Better Employment.
Miss Benedict's Slarriti-jc.
CIon Danccr Dead.
NH-W YORK, "March 29?Special.?The
sportlng fraternity were very much sur?
prised and chagrined at the aetion of tiie
Senate in passlng the Lewis bill repeal,
"mgi Ihe Horton law. They felt sure
that the friends of "manly sport" in the
Senate would defeat the repeal bill, and
they are very imueh disappointed that it
?passed.
A RICH JACK TAR.
__n.il II. Rosenblatt. a rich young
stockbroker of this city, recently con
ceived the idea that he would like to
go to tManlla. He applied for a place
on the transport Sumner, but positions
were scarce and the only vacancy that
he could' find was that of asslstant
storekeeper -with a salary of ?_0 a month.
He readily accepted the position and re?
ported for duty. The sailors looked sus
piciously at him when he appeared in
fashionable attire with diamonds spark
ling about his person, 4but he Inslsteu*
that he was going to take the job. The
captain received him cordially, and he
made himself so agreeable to bis new
mates that by the time he had received
shoie leave for the rest of the day he
was a ger.eral t'avorite.
A SCRAP OF PAPER.
Joseph Lavelie was crossing from
Jersey City to Xew* York on a Penn?
sylvania ferry boat when a strong wind
biew a torn half sheet of newspaper
across his face. Lavelie is crippled
with rheumatism and was unable to lift j
his arm to sc-ize the newspaper, but j
when it dropped into his lap he idly be- j
gan to pursue its contents. Imagine i
his horror when his eye rested' on the j
announcement of his wife's death. He >
did not even know that she was III. j
Three weeks ago, after a family quarrel. i
he ciuit his wife, who had elected that
they should separate. 3_rs. Lavelie then |
left her home. being at the time in good i
health. She was taken ill two -weeks \
ago and was admitted to the General j
Hospital. where she grew from bad to I
worse and' rinally died. Kffort.s had been
rria.de, but ln vaiii, to locate thc hus- |
band before she died.
RABBI MAKES CTGARS. |
Rabbi Isaac Greenwald arrived in this |
city a few months ago from poiand. He
is a bright man and has en'oyed a repu
tation at home for learning and piety. j
but the pulpits here were all filled and I
his money soon ran out. He then se- ,
cured a place In a cigar faetory, and was j
getting along first rate when he received i
word from Passaic. X. J.. that he had j
been appointed teacher in a Talmud ,
school there. and' so he resigned his j
position in the faetory. It ls said that j
the firm presented him with aH the j
eigars that he had made.
NOTES. 1
The Second Congregational Church, of j
Grec-nwich. Conn., has been secured for i
the wedding of Miss Helen Benedict. j
daughter of E. C. Benedict, and' Mr. j
Thomas Hastings. on April -Oth. Miss j
Benedict is a member of the Greenwlch ,
Prosbyterian Church. but that edifice is ;
too small for the occasion.
George Richard Sands, known as tbe
champion clog dancer. died here on I
Tuesday last of pneumonia. aged sixty ;
years. - He was very popular in his day j
but died in -poverty.
Separation papers were granted recent- :
Jy at Rome, _*"". Y., to Charity Hunger- j
ford, aged seve.nty. and Orrin Hunger- j
ford. aged ninety-two. The aetion was
brbiight by the wife against thp husband
on the ground of cruel and inhumau
treatment.
Governor Pingrec. of Michigan. who Is
in the city. is quoted as saying that X-e*v*
York ought to own the underground r il- ;
road from the start instead of waiting j
ttfty years for it. He believes in munie.
pal ownership, and thinks that 3 cent j
fares woulrf be enough. Two cents, hc ,
says, would pay on the surface lines. '
- ?- !
Russia, France autl Chuia's "Open
1 Door."*
If America is to preserve tha open
door for her trade .in all parts of the
Chinese empire as now eonstituted, she
will have to be .uiek about it. "Whom
the gods would destroy they first make
mad." And "m.el" describes the present
so-ealled government of China more ae- 1
curatelv than any other word. If America
could unite with the other Powers in?
terested in preserving the open. door and
?help gradually to reform and thus to
strengthen the defence of the empire un?
til China could stand alona and taBe
her rightful place among the famtly or*
nations there would still be hope far
that policv. But for China to light KUO
sia and France at this time invites di
aster. For the nations Who favSr the
open-door policy to stand aloof probably
means great loss to the commerclal na?
tions and endless diplomatlc d'spute-s, if
not more serious international troubles ln
tlie not distant future.
Ko matter what promises are made by
Russia and France now, once g^ve theta
_ee_i contr?l wver large -lic?i m Chla**-.
Flour
THE THOMAS POTTS CO.,
MIHers* Agents, Richmond, Va.
AND
Building
rViaferlal
AT
Wholesale and Retail.
Manufacturer of Sash, Doors, Mould
ing, Blinds, Statrs, Interior and
Exterior finish.
In Hardwocds, Cypress, Poplar. White
Pine and Mapla Flooring, Hardware,
Glass, Etc.
Lumber Air-Dried, then
Kiln-DHed.
Agents for Ruberoid
Rooiing, and
e_.i?i -ni^s*
%J> <_ ____. 3___? ?__g __3l a
F. SITTERDING.
Main Yards and )
Office
_ Sf. JAMES & LEIGH.
Rya.^S^h}'-0'''8''RDYiLElGH.
Factor,3 "'" ^ \ ST- JAMES 4 -"ACKS01*-*
?HEPODSIIil
1SHERE
New Carriages are a!\v_*.ys wanted ot this
"season. We simpiy advertlse that you
may not forget that the
POSHEB ARE THE BEST
OlJARRlAGES T0 BUY
RUBBER TIRES.
EPAJRING AND
EPAINTIWG.
The Largest and Most Complcte Stock of
tho LAIEST \OVELTiE3 ?n
RUNABOUTS, TRAPS,
PHAETONS and SURB.ES
To be -een in the City.
Laundry Wagons, Delivery Wagons.
Dayion Wagons.
Illii
15 S. 9th St, Richmond, Va.
territory. and. sooner or later the open
door will he shut in our txcc'.?Ftora
?The Warlfke Tollcy. of the Kmpr-s.
Dowager o- China." by -William X. Brew
ster, in. the American Monthiy Keview ot
K_v.*-ws for April.
Sortrhnm Scctf.
The second supply of sorghum seed
has been exhausteil. and Commlssioner
Kotner will not be able to till any o'her
orders that he may receive. There ls still
a rjuantity of sugar beet seed on hand;
j however, 'Which will be sent, postagc
paid, to those who desire to teat tt:
The ceiwly-appotnted ronilizer, inspec
! tors will roport for duty next Tuesday.
j and will be 1nstru<_led aa to. tha manner
!" in which they are to pposew-ti thalr work.

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