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RICHMOND'S STREET-CAR SERVICE
NOW AND BEFORE THE TROLLEY CAME
This City Was the Pioneer in the Use of Electriclty
as a Motive Power?Interesting History of
the Companies That Have Operated
Roads in This City*
The people. of Richmond may point with .
eom? pr.de to the fact that they are pion
cers in the matter of electrlcal street rall
ways. The lirst iroiley line built in the .
wcrld was the old Clay-Strc-et*road, opcri
tc-d by what was known as the Ridimond j
Union Passenger Raiiway Company. It j
was on this bne. in 1SS7, that the first
street-cars were successfully propelled by
the trollcy. and during the oxperimenl? .
for 5t was an exper ment at that time? j
people Uie world over who were intcrested j
in sexcet-cnr progress had their eyes on ,
Richmond. They were doubtful of the re- i
s*ults, nnd many expert eioctr.'cians shook I
'tiheir reads fcnowingiy when they learned j
lhat Richmond was to havo a trolly line, .
They did not think it possible to make a J
success of tho undertaking in this or any
Prior to that time people liad contentea
themselves with mule-cars on slow
?scbedulcs. Such a thing as riding m
large and handsome car.s at the rate ni
twenty or thirty miles an hour. wit.imit
the afd of horses or imilcs or stoarc. liaa
not been dreamed of by them. And yet,
twenty-three years have brought them to
a stage at which every sect on ot the city
is penetrated by electric lines. and tne
business man can now leave his home
In tho fashionablo West-End aud reach
his fatcory or store down town in five to
ten minutes, and the working man has
the same advantage.
Tne jinglc-jinglc of tho old miile bells
is heard only on one of tho many street
car 1-nes. and ls so-.ui to disappcar th<-re
to make way for uahdsoaie and commo
dious electric ears. So. whatever grlevance
the traveling public of Richmond may have
because her street-car lines havo r.ot af
forded such conveniences ar.d facilities
as may have boen warranted by tbe march
of time and progres.**. the fact remains thai
Richmond has not b-:-^n slothful in provid?
ing the mo3 hnprbved manner of trans
portalion. and will. it Is assured? in the
tnext fc-w weeks or months, be giving to
i:s people as line service as is aiTorded
bv anv citv n tiie wor'd.
From one insign.lirant Lttie mulc-car
road. extending from Twenty-cighth Street
up Main to Xinth, np Ninth to Broad and
out .tsroad to Adams Street; tho street-car
system in Richmond has since 1S-S7 grov.-n
and developed until now the lines of the
two great companies roach every section
of tho city. Kighty miles of track cover
the streets of lhe Capital city of Uie
Old Dominlon, or traverse routes leading
to its beautiful sutmrbs. while even in
w:nter. w-hen there is not the great rush
of ears that there is on summer evenings,
330 ears, most of >them large and comfor
tablc, move in all directiont. affording
Quick ? trasportatlon for the public, ;. id
giving the city an adr of thrift and enier
prise that few Southern centres enjoy.
Five years ago Uie R chrnond Traction
Company made its bow to the people of the
community, and eight months after it had
been given a franehise by lhe City Coun?
cil Jt had ln operation upon Broad Street
one of the most splondidly-equipped street
rallways 'n the United S'ates.
.REBUIBDIXG ITS LIXES.
At this time the Richmond Passenger
and Power Company has large forces of
men ln various sections of the city pushmg
forward with all possible vigor the work
of reconstructing and rehabllltat'ng its
various lines. This rehabilitation is being
done along the most thorough and ap?
proved modern lines-, and it is claimed by
the officers of that company that when the
work is comnleted and all the new ears
are in operation over tho Ucw-girdor rail
tracks this stree-t railway system will be
as crcellent and the service as good as
that of any other in the country.
The care of the Passenger and Power
Company reach beautiful Lakeside Park.
the ...storic battlelields around Seven
Pine-s, Forest Hill Purk. Xew Beservo'r
Park, Holiywood Cemetery, ihe pieturesquo
euburbs of Barton Heights and Chestnut
Hill and go through tho heart of the thriv
ing city of Manchester. just across the
James river. The company has about lif
leen miles of track with the new 95-pound
girdc-r rail. laid on concrete i'oundation,
and is carrying along the work of putting
down this character of track along all
its main lines.
REACHED BV TRACTIOX CARS.
3t would be diflicu*(t to coneeive cf a
roore Meal situation for a street-car line
than Broad Street. upon which the double
iracks of the Richmond Traction Com?
pany oxtend in a direct courso for four
mUes without a curve. passing through
lhe henrt and centre of the city.
The Eastern tcrminus of the Traction
Ccmpahy is Chimborazo Park, a beautiful
ani cievated plateau. having a maghillcent
view of the river for twelve or fourteen
miles. From Chimborazo Park the line
extends Olrectly West for the full length
of the ciiy Ibrough Broad Street, by far
tho widest and most important street
of tho city. upon which much of the re
t:iil business of the city is done and upon
which or immediately contiguous to which
are situated nearly all the public build
ings markets, churches and places of
amusement; also the Capitol and grounds,
th;? City Hall the Ma?on:c Temi>ie. Ar
mories " base-Dall park. St. John's Church,
Richmond Ccilege, Uie State Bibrary. the
Soldiers- Home and Lee Monument and
tw> raiiroad depots?those of the Chesa?
peake and Ohio and the Richmond, Frcd
erlcksburg and Potomac.
The Traction Company extends west
wsrdly aiong Broad Street to the Exno
si:ion' Grounds,' and then Southwardly
to the Reservoir Park and pieasure
Tne cc-mpany also cwns a double track
branch line, extending from Broad and
Eighteenih Streets, nbrtheastwardly,
through a thicklyrpopUlated disir.ct lo
Oakwood Cemetery. hcretofore entirely
without street-car facilities.
Another branch extends from First
and Broad Streets feouthwestwardly, via.
Cary ^treet lo the far-famed and pictures
Otie Holiywood Cemetery.
Richmond Has a most intercsting street
car history- S nce the old Clay-Street lme
was built'in 1S-S7 it has been rehabflitated
three times, and is now undergoing its
fourth reconstructlon. The old co.*npanie-s
that operated the electric roads of Rich?
mond were-forced to spend hundreds of
thousands of doliars experimcnl ng before
elcctricitv as a motlve power rcacned a
suhstaiitial stage. and tlrs money to
day appears to have been burnt up; but it
wis n ?*. lt demoi: n eo" that eleclr.c.ty
was the most available power for street
cars in this city and. with the d.sappear
an-e of the Broad-Sirect mulc-car line
me last vestige of tiie ante-bellum mode
ol travel will havo passed away.
It was in tha fifties that the people m
Richmond began to feel the great need
of transportation from the East and West
Ends. Vp lo that timo only the old stage
coach offered succor to those who had to
go long dlstances io get from their homes
to their places of business and vlce-versa.
i About 185S a street railroad line was built
up Main Street from Twenty-eighth to
Ninth Streets, and up Ninth to Broad.
and was from timo to time extended by
tbe building of a single track up Broad
to Adams. down Adams. to Grace aad out
Grace to tho old State Fair Grounds. then
located on the site of Monroe Park. During
tho war this railroad was taken up and the
iron was used ln armoring the gunboats
of the Confederacy.
In ISfiG the read was reastabl shed under
an ordinance creating tbe Richmond Rail?
way Company, of which Col. J. H. Rich?
ardson. who died Thursday evening in
this city, was for many years the super
interidci.t. In a few years the Uaurel-Stroet
wood Cemetery. but np-itiier of ?**???*?? *>*'"*?
tures proved very successiful, althougb.
ths m-iy havt. uce-n ^~.- -
the fare charged was ten cenis per pas
sen^"--. un.1 not a largo percentage of
tne peoplo felt abie to ride. The manage
ment of the company changed several
times. and early in the eighties. when the
iirm of C.'impbc-il & Co. was in Charge, be
gm to piosper, and lhe fares were re?
duced to five cents each. This seemed to
havo or-encd the eyes of some other folks.
who thought there might be money in the
strc-et-car business, and Jctin F. Barry.
of Boston. aidad-jby Messrs. J. Thompson
Brown, Charles':??,..Todd, Dr. Wm. H.
Sco-t and Vule'ntine' Hechler. Jr.. Orga?
nized the Richmond Union Passenger Rai
v,.-.v fminianv. ln 1S?S> Maurlce B Flynn
effected the consolidation of the companies
Uieh in existence. and immediately prep
arations were made to electrify the Main
Stret line. and !t was extended by a
duubie track to Fulton and a double track
to the loop at Strawberry and Main
Streets. ar.d in July. 1SS9 electrieity was
used as a motlve power on Main Street.
The oid Richmond Railway and Electric
(7<-*i:n~--i- was orga.n'7.e<i in IW, by the
consolidation of all the electrical com
rtan es in lhe city. including both of rh
lir.es then in operation and the Electric
I.ight and Power Company. Dr. John B.
Munn. of Xew York. beconiing president.
and what has happened since then in the
local street-railway world is familiar to
most Richmond people.
The season is on in full swing. With
the blowing of horns and peallng of
Thanksgiving belis ihe gayeties made
their *_itrance on the social ttago. and
u.iti- Lcnt Djine Pleasure wiil hold full
The past week. was hy no means a
dull one. Two notable weddihgs and
tl-eir attendant fest.vities, the foot-ball
_ame, an elegant Tr.anksslving luncheon,
a german at M___sonlc Temp.e. a delightful
post-german supper, a card party, a tea
and several Informal affairs lilled the
davs with p_easure.
This week atteniion will be centercd on
the dehutantes. The fair -buds wili blos
wm forth in all their loveliness.
On Monday evening thc Iirst coming
out party will be fflven at the Jefferson, i
by Mr. and Mrs. Virginlus Newton, m j
b'onor of Miss Martha Newton Byrd.
Mrs Gideon Davenport and Misses I
Blizabeth and Blise Davenport will be
at home at their residence, Xo. 203 West
Franklin Street, from 5 to 7 o'clock. j
On W-dnessday evening from 9 to L. ,
o'clock Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Putney will
cntertain in honor of Miss Joseplune Put
Thursdav ewnine the charity ball. one
of the season's most brilliant functtons. ]
will be given at the Jef_er_on Roo. .
To-morrow afternoon, at the Woman s |
Club, -Hampton Institute and Its Work" j
will be the subject under discussion. with j
Mrs. ______ C. Minor chairman. Dr. H. B. i
Frlssel. prineipal of Hampton Institute,
?wlll address the ladies. j
A number cf Interesting marrlages will
take (place .his week. J
On Wednesday Mr. Walter Crenshaw
end Miss Hattle Virginia Ready will be J
married at the residence of her father, 1
.Xo. 1601 Park Avenue. !
Miss Bes_;_ Mark Spotts and Mr. Rich- |
ard Whltfield Roberts will be married at t
the residence of the bride's sister. Mrs. |
___. R_ Robert . Xo. 104 South __*_>__ Street.
The marriage of tMiss Hallie Baker and i
Mr. H. iRichio Taylor will take place at ]
Hafllsborough, thc home of the bride's
The Jefferson Club will give an excellent ?
vaudeville entertainment at the club on !
Thursday evening. j
* * * I
A number of weddmgs were solemnlzed .
d_r_a_ tho wee___ Ona of __? p_-? tti-"-* *
was that of Miss Delia A. Str'ingfellow
and Mr. Raymond Mancha, of Grand
Rap'ds, Mich., which took place at 5:00
o'clock Wednesday at the residence of
ihe bride's father, Major Charles S.
Stringfc.low. The housa was profuse
with exquisite docorat-ons, and the bride
nnd her fair attendants made a beautifui
Rev. XV. A. Barr. of Xorfolk, performed
the ceremony. After an elegant recep tion
Mr.'and Mrs. Mancha left on an extended
trip through the Xorth before going to
their home. The wedding gifts of the
young couple were magniilcent.
A wedding of great beauty wa.s t.iat
of Miss Eva Vernon Bowe and . Ir. Cary
Ellis Stern, ihat was solemnized at 6:30
o'clock Wednesday evening at the F'rst
Baptist Church. by Rev. W. E. Hatcher.
After an elegant dinner at the home of
Mr. andi Mrs. X. W. Bowe, parents of
the bride, Mr. and Mrs. Stern left for
Asheville, X. C. and will spend their
honeymoon there- After their return
they will be at home to their friends at
Xo. 320 East Grace Street.
Dr. I.orrimer James nnd Miss Julia Bee
Poeb'es were married Wednesday evening
at 6:30 o'clock at Soldiers' Home Chapei.
The c'r-anel was filled long before the
hour with many friends and a great num?
ber of the old So'diers. inmates of the
home, who took the greatest in"ere. . in
the occasion. as they had long known'
and loved M'ss Peebles for her faithful
work in behalf of their home and chanel.
The ceremony was performed bv Rev.
L. R. Mason, of Graco Episcopal Church.
Immediately after the ceremony they
left for a wcek's bridal tour.
Major Charles B. Snodgrass, who has
been very ill __t his home, in this city.
cont'nues- very low. But little hope is
cr.tertained fcr his reeovery.
For years past the event of the season
has been the annual charity ball, given
under the auspices of the Board ofMana
gers of St. Paul's Home, and the ball to
be given next Thursday evening at the
Jefferson will be a most brilliant affair.
The Roof Garden wili be exquisitely dec?
orated. and the magnificent gowns, tho
bewitching debutantes, the excellent music
and the suiwptuous supper will ail com
bine to imake ihis one of the most elabo
rate affairs ever given.
One of the new features will be a quad- '
rllle, with which the ball will be opened.
"Mrs. James Welch and Mrs. John Potts
are now instructing the young ladies, who
are the belles- and beauties of the city.
Among these are: (Misses Walker, Ethel
Pace, Edna Forbes, Marie Archer, Sallie
Hobson, Amy and Ellie Maury Werth.
Mamie and Emily Jejiningg, Sallie Reid
Anderson, Josephlne Putney, Mary Ro?
gers, Calvin ?ragg, Xannie* Dunlop, Sue
and Henningham Spilman, Marie Light
ftjot. Jana Fh-her, Maude Morgan, Marie
UHKil>i?i'w I ii ?iliH I i !?"
Cut-Rate Drug Store.
SPECIAL SmLE FOR
THIS WEEK ONLY- .
50c. Grove Chill Tonic. -Sc.
$1.00 Seven Sisters Hair
G'rower.? ' *
Sjc. Scidlitz Po\ J, 1
sets in box.1,',
OOc. Fig Syrup . jr"'
$lrOO cake Dandruff Cure.. <1
25c. Laxative Quininc Tab?
lets?cure your cold in one
OOc. Tragle's Carbolic Tooth
Wash; cleans the tecth
and hardens the gums;
money refunded if not
TjOe. Beef, Wine and Iron.. 20
30c. Genulne Xorwegian Cod
Liver Oil, per pint (bring
bottle . lyY2
Wc. Lump Alum. per lb... 3\ii
?1.00 Wine of Cardui (Mc
2i)C- Belladona Porous Plas
ters . 10
2.-)e. Talcurii Powder, highly
perfumed . S1^
2.">c. Carbolic All-Healing
Salve . SVj
20c. bottle Bay Rum. I)
Blue Soap . Oli
Blue Soap . <*''/j
3."tc. Vaseline .--. ?%
Tragle's Little Liver Pilis,
best pill for headache.
biliousness, dyepepsia and
a!l liver troubie. 10
SI7 Easl Broad Street.
Webster, Elizabeth Whitlock, Lina Mayo,
Edythe White. Mary Hartman, of Balti?
more: Lucy Hayes. Janie Wingo. B.lle
and Lt'y i'.vler, Allene Siokcs, Mary B.ack
ford Marshall, of Washington; Katherine
Michaux and Anna Carr.
Mr. Levin Joynes will bc chairman of the
Reception Committee. The Floor Commit?
tee is compc-sed of Messrs. Jack de Tre
vilie (chairman), Julian Hill, Berkeley
Williams, John Coke, Tyler Brock. Max
Deitrick. Jool Perrin. Henry Carrington,
Lewis Harvie, Thomas MeAd'ams, Frank
'McCarthy and Major Heth Tyler.
Mrs. J. Alston Cabell (chairman). Mrs.
George W. Mayo and Mrs. R. M. Blanken
ship constilute the Executive Committee.
The Dancing Committee: 'Mrs. Robert
Biankenship (chairman). Mrs. J. Hoge Ty?
ler, Mrs. John Skelton Williams, Mrs.
John Lyons and Mrs. Stephen Putney.
Supper Committee: Mrs. Robert XI.
Biankenship (chairman). Mrs. Thos. Jof
fress and Mrs. J. Alston Cabell.
Music: Mrs. F. G. Townes, Miss Knox.
Mrs. John Potts will attend to the
The patronesses are: Mesdames J. Al?
ston Cabell, James Branch, J. lioge Tyler,
A. J. Montague. Carter Scott, Decatur
Axfell, II. A. Claiborne, Jr., Adair Pieas?
ant.-,, Dancaster Williams, F. G. Townes,
Arthur Befroy. L. R. Dashiell, Reginald
Giiliam. Church Young. Ashtbn Starkt.
James Wel-'ch. Moncure Eerklns, Meredith
'Montague. James Werth. B. B. Munford,
C. P. Stokes, Lucetta Knox, John Potts,
James Keith. George W. Mayo. Robert
Biankenship, M. F. Pieasants, W. W. Gor?
don Gidcon Davenport, A. B. Camm.
George Ben Johnston, Jchn Skelton Wll
liarhs, Thomas Jeffress, James Dooley,
Charles Davenport, Horace Hawes, Ellen
MoRoberts, S. W. Travcrs, Isaac Daven?
port, Jchn Byor.s. Thomas Adkms. St.
George Anderson. Randolph Williams,
Stephen Putney. K. T. Robinson, Bierne
Blair, Thomas Rutherfoord. Cabell, Ren
nolds,' and Miss Effie Branch.
Invitations have been issued to the mar?
riage of Miss Helen Preston Moseley and
Mr. Clay Drewry, Jr., to take place at :)
o'ciock, December 12th, at St. James
Church. After the ceremony a reception
will be held.
M ss Moseley is the niece of Mr. Edward
P. Vaientlne and granddaughter of the
la.te Mann S. Valentine. Mr. Drewry is
lhe son of Major Clay Drewry.
Mrs. Herbert A. Claiborne was hostess
at a delightful euchre party Friday even?
ing in honor c-f Miss Wadties, of Coiumbia,
3. C, and der brother, Ctfionel Julian
Cabell. The decorations were most artistic
in crimson and white.
Mrs. Claiborne*s guests were Mr. and
Mrs. A. Cabell. Mr. and Mrs. Rolfe Glover,
Mr. and Mrs. Bierne- Blair; Misses Waties,
Sue Spillman, Eila Bruce, Amy Werth,
Ruth Robins. Estelle de Saussure, Belle
and Sue Tyler, Daisy Evans, Lina Mayo,
Mamie Harrison. Georgia Biankenship and
Anna Boykin: Col. Julian Cabell, Messrs.
Heth Tyler, Wyadham Bolling, William
Skelton," Edward Alston, George Mayo,
H. W. Claiborne, Blair Bolling, Evans,
Walter Claiborne and Captain W. II.
Allison. Mr. Herbert Claiborne-, who is
home from College for Thanksgiving, had
two tables of seven hand euchre for his
? % *
Miss Elise Watkins gave a delightful
six hand euchre party Wednesday in hon?
or of her guest. Miss Roller, of Harrison
burg. Va. Among the guests were Misses
Belle Tvler. Elie Werth, Janie Wingo,
Gordon, \\gnes McCarthy, Wilson, Caper
ton, Breeden, Messrs. Wattson, Perrin,
Craig. Dverle. Ellett. Dean. Xeroton
de Treville, Cooke, Tyler, Dean Dr. Da?
vidson. An elegant supper was served af?
ter the game.
* ? '
The Lad'es' Matinee Musicale met Fri
-lav afternoon at the residence of Mrs.
J.'S. Brockenbrough, 'Xo. 3 East Grace
Miss Louise Williams, of Xo. 20 West
Grace Street. was chairman of the day.
Mis^; Guillaume read an exhaustive and
delightful paper on "The Development of
Tho excellent programme was as fol?
1. The Development of the Opera.
2. Faithful and True (Lohengrin).
Mrs. Brengie, Miss Gwathmey, Mrs.
3. Walther's Preislied (Die Meistersinger)
4. Overture (A Mkisummer Xight's Dream)
Miss Mera, Miss Williams. Mrs. Williams;
5. Recit? Fia Dunque Vero; Aria?O Mio
Ferr.anda (La Favorita).Domzetti
6. Spinning Song-Flying Dutchman.
Mri "Brengie^' Miss Gwathmey, .Mrs.
The mothers and grandmotbers of the
children cared for by the Belie S. Bryan
Dav Xurserv and Free Kindergarten,
w?re Friday cven'ng given a Thanksgiving
supper'at "the Kindergarten by the foi?
lowing ladies of the Eva Spotts Memorial
Circle of King's Daughters:
Mesdames Carieton Jackson, Albert HilL
Dan McCarthy, J. P- Thomas, Thomas B.
Johnson, C. W. Tanner. J. D. Crump, Ca
rv Stern. William Tanner, Harry Eichel
berger, LIpscomb, J. Trevillian. Chi.es
Fcrrall R R. Roberts, Bailey Saunders.
Misses'Branch Binford, Glllie Cary. Syc
Roberts and Chtldrey. ?
It is safe to sav that there has not been
a Thanksgiving supper more heartily en
joved. The table was beautifully decorat?
ed and laden with good things. Each of
these poor work-worn women were fur
! ther made happy by a turkey and bunch
of flowers to take home.
? * *
M-'ss Lucy Holladay, of Lewiston, ls
visiting Mrs. Evan R. Chesterman, Xo.
215 East Main Street.
The regular 'board tneetlng of the Belle
S. Bryan Day Nursery and Free Kinder?
garten met at 4 o'ciock Friday afternoon.
The ladies of the "board aro requested
to meet at the nursery Thursday, the
27th of December at 11 o'ciock, to make
preparatlons for the Christmas tree,
whieh wid be given on Friday, the __tn.
There wiU be exercises bv the nurscry
a_nd kinuergarten cai.dren, who are being
truintd by their -i_ici_ nt teachers.
The, Jefferson Ciub will entcrtain its
friends at its clubrooms next Thursday
night. This en.ertainment will be high
ciass, as all of its prtdecessors have been.
Among the features wi.i be the West-End
Mahaolin Band, t-mbracing a number of
voungsters, as fohows: Harry Lucy
Charles Rawson, Wlliie Lucy, Bennie
Holmes aud Otis Boyden. The latter
has composed a cake-walk, called
"Hustling fcambo," which the club wiU
play on Thursday night.
Another great feature of thc entertain?
ment wiil be the performance of Mr.
Moses May, tlie famous amateur presdigi
tator, who will introduce a number of
tricks never before seen.
The opening of the Art School, of Grace
Episcopal Church, wiil open for the
season to-morrow in the Sunday-school
room of 't'he church. The public will be
welcome. The teachers will be on hand
to welcome the visitors.
Mir. and Mrs. Henry a. Williams, are
visiting" St. Sherwood, the home of Mrs.
Robert C. Selden.
ttfiss Nelh'e Cocke. of Petersburg, ls the
guest of Mrs. Charles S- Hurt, Xo. 004
East Main Street.
Mrs. Emanuel Goodman. ol Lynchburg,
is -the guest of thc Misses Binswanger,
of West Grace Street
Mrs. Bewis Webb, of Washington, _s
visitins- Mrs. AV. H. P.rkins, 0n West
* - *
Mrs. Carson. of Lynchburg, and Mrs.
Lile, of the University of Virginia. are
on a visit to the Misses Moore, of West
Miss Essye Grihies, of Church Hill, loft
yesterday to visit friends in Baltimore.
Mr. and Mrs. j. X. Williamson, Jr..
who have been visiting their mother.
Mrs. E. H. Saunders,. left for Xorth
Carolina yesterday morning.
? . .
Mrs. LilHe XV. Walke, of Xorfolk, is the
guest of Miss Al'oerta Williams, Xo. 225
Fioyd Avt-r.ue. .
Miss Eba Salisbury. ot' Georgia, is the
guest of Mrs. Richard Easley.
Miss Mol'ie Powell returned yesterday
by thc Old Dominion line, after a
most delightful vis t of four weck_i in
Xew York city.
* ^ *
Dr. IJYank Cnnninjrham. who is practic
ing 'n, Farmvillo, is visiting his reiatives
in th- city.
Ten Thousancl l_.ril.ir Suit for
(Special Dispateh to TIig 'f imns.)
'XORFOI-K, VA.. Dec. 1.?Samuel String
er. assistant superintendent of the Ports?
mouth Struet Railway, and R- A. Woods,
a substitute ni-torman, engaged in a
bioody light at the ,power-house this morn?
ing, Stringer being stabbed in the throat
by Woods. Woods, who was arrested.
stated that Stringer ordered him to take a
car out of the shed, and not instantiy
obeying advanced towards him. struck
him a powerful blow whilch feTled him to
the ground. Woods drew a knife and
stabbed Stringer in the throat, making a
dangerotts wound. Woods came to Ports?
mouth two months ago from Chsster, S.
Sarah Parish to-day entered suit for
$10,000 against the Xorfolk, Portsmouth
and Xewport Xews Railway Company for
alleged injuries while crossing the ferry
between Xorfolk and Berkley. Tiie plain
tlff's hip wa__ dislocated, and she received
othc-r s;rio_s hurts.
1"q Buy . U.i-c Fiustories.
(Special Dispateh to The Tltncs..
WiliX_.rU-\"-SiA!_..i-LM. X. C, Dec. 1.?
Rumors have been current here all day
that the R. J. Reynolds Company has
closed a deal for thc purchase of two
more of Winston's big tobacco manufac?
turing plartts. Parties interested tell mc
that a trade i.s in progress, but that no
?particulars Tan b: given out before next
week, if then.
The trade has been on for several days,
and it is quite certain that it will be
consumn-.ated in a few days.
A Gooil Task.
(Special Dispateh to The Times.)
GP.EEXSl'ORO, X. C, Dec. 1.?Dr.
Charles D. Mclver, president ot" the State
Nonm'al and Industrial College, located
in this city, has undertaken the task of
ra&ing $100,000 as a loan fund to aid needy
voung women who may wish to attend
the Xormal. His plan is to find 100 men
and women who will give 100 each, the
entire amount to be. invested and the in?
terest used each year.
The interest on .100,000 will defray the
college expenses of fifty students each
(Hy Associatcd _ ress.)
iXOP-FOLK, VA., Dec. 1.?The schooner
S. B. Wheeler was to-night reported
ashore at Hog Island. Xo details of the
accident can be obtained.
The Wheeler is owned by the S. B.
Marts Company, of Baltimore, and has
lor.g traded at this port.
During the past ten years shipbufld
:rg in Germany has become a great in
Farewell Performance of Broadhurst's Funny
What Happenel to Jones.
The Distinguished Artist,
Sarah Carvei! Le Moyne
Tiie Greatest Thing in tiie World
Prices $1.50 to 25c.
WEDNESHAY?..atinee and Night,
will present you with
OTHER PEOPLE'S MONEY.
Thursday and Friday?Mat. Friday
THOS. Q. SEABROQKE
in the latest Casino success,
Prices $1.50 to 25c.
SATURDAY?Matinee and Night,
The World's Famous
and h?r compmy of Troubadours.
CORRECT DRESS FOR MEN AND BOYS.
Best & Co? of New York, are considered the leading Juve
nile outfitters of that metropolitan city. We hold a relative posi?
tion here?ready to supply you at a moment's notice with the
most hio-h-class wearables for your boy, for either school, dress or
" If you wish to dress your boy in something out of the ordi
narv, let us show vou what we have provided.
A MODERN SEWERAGE SYSTEM
TO BE INSTITUTED IN HAVANA
Interesting Inside History of the Bitter Fight With
an American Combination That Sought to
Have the Dady Contracts Cancelled and
How a Compromise Was Effected.
JBV\-VXA, CUBA, Dec. 1.?The dream of
the Jesuit Fathers and the late Colonel
Albear of the Royal Spanish Engineer,
who gave the Cap.tal City of Cuon its
great aciueduct and splendid supply of
pure water from the celebrated Vanto
Spr'.r.rs. in the ne.ghboring Jaruco fl.iis,
.s about to be rea.ized after nearly six
y.ars of negotiation, by an American,
Miehnel J. Dady, the well-known con
tr_ ctor of municlpal works in Greater
Xew York and tho City of Mexico; and
Havana is to flnaily have a. modern .sys?
tem of sewerage, calculated to largely con?
tribute to ttiat perfect munic pal sanitu
tion necessary to the eventfu! eradiea
fclon of yellow fever germs and the con
sequent permanent improvement of the
citv's heaith. And thc- same contract in?
cludes the renavement of ail the principa;
streets of Havana and suburbs?n.g.h on to
-00 miles: The greut Spanish eng neer.
w-he&e life was given u? to the study of
san tarv projects. died before he eoUid in
dUce his Government to apprapriale
money to cove-r his estimates for the bet?
ter dra'.nage of Havana; when thc news
of tiis demiso reaehed Madrid, however, a
conscienee-str'eken minister of the crown
for colonial affairs granted the "sxp ropna
tion," but no S-ian sh engineer was le_t
c.mpetent or with sufficient conridence in
him.velf to undcrtake the work which had
'-.een mapped out here by Aibeari So the
matter rested until a Cuban member to
the Cortes indueed a Spanish Captam
General to uuthorlze the erection of a
statue to Colonel Albear's memory m the
little park at the head of Obispo and
O'Rei'.ly Streets. And ths. by the way
still stands, along with the statues ot
Christopher Coiumbus, respected alike by
Cuban.. and Americans.
In 1S93, just previous to the breaking out
of the last revolution here. Colonel Dady
.rme to Cuba for a brief recreation. and
_nd from a casual a.qua'ntance met at
one of the lead ng hote'.s heard the story
of Albear.. "Why, if these people want
a system of clvil zed sewers put in, just
tell* them to call on me. I can do the
work for tbem in the best modern style
ana ca to bonds. if they want bonds. te.l
them that Tl! take theirs for the money
if they can't raiso it themselves." As a
result-news of the conver. ation having
reaehed the Mayor's ears and been repeat
ed bv him at the palace-the Brook'.yn man
was invited to u conference w.th the
C'vil Governor and Capta n-Genera;, and
was asked to take up and comp.ete Al?
bear's schemes after due modiheation by
engineer,!-? he might name.
Dady's engineers spent nearly two years
in preparing the umended plans and then
undertook. with the Havana mumc:pa.ity.
to carry the project into effect for the
sum of .1-..O..O0.. Contract hav:ng been
formally awarded, he was about to begin
work, when stopped by a m'.litary oruer
of General Castel.anos. the iust apan:sh
Governor of the island, issued in Decem?
ber before the change of fla? :n January.
under pre._ure from Washington. where
opponents of the Brcokiyn contractorwere
endeavoring to obtain the repudiation o_
his concession. '
Then began Dady's adm.rable and bril?
liant H_ht for his rghts, made against
a most .ow-erful political and husiness
combination. said to have included Lruted
States Senatar Hanna. General Francis \ .
Greene and others anxious to have the
_____ done bv Colonel William Budlow, of
tho United States Engineer Corps, upon
behalf of u Ph iadelphia syndicate^ Bud
Inw was anpointed general in mihtary
command and eivic controi of the city of
__v_--i and Colonel B.ack, L. S. E.,
came "with him to lend every Posf^eo^;
--'ance in the attempt to b.ock the B.oo*
Budlow and Black spent hundreds ot
thousands of dollars in making-new _ur
e.s and have wasted several millions
h_ Intirely oremature if not wholly use
ess surface "improvements" upon our
local streets, which have in no way im?
proved the sanitary condition or d.
_______ the municinal death rate from
tvpho-malarial and yellow fevers. In the
meantime the press of Havana almost
-without exception continue day atter cia>
their editorial denunciation of the new
(Vmerican) reglme for its alleged criminai
delay of the projected sewerage system.
without which all physcians. whose op.n
ions -were quoted, agreed that yellow fe?
ver never -can be stamped out! This be
lief was held not only by Dr. Doty, of
New York. and Dr. Porter, of Fiorida?
both eminent quarantine officials?but
also admitted by Dr. John Guiterrez, of
the University of Havana, another fever
expert of -world-wlde reputation, and
even by Dr. Gorgas, chief of sanitation,
Department of Cuba, now in charge of thc
miiitary hospitai here.
A COMPROMISE MADE.
The Cuban municipal electlons came on,
and Havana surprised Dady's opponents
by chosing Mayor and City Council, all
friendly to his interests. And this vic
torv won upon the grouiid, Dad th-few
down the gauntlet to the Administration
at Washington and called their hand.
The national electlons were approachlng
and the Repubiicans needed him at home
in Brooklyn?and needed him badly?and
yet he persisted in devotlng all his ener
?ries to his business matters in Cuba.
Compromise -was necessary, and compro?
mise was made, a fortnight previous to
McKln'ev's re-election, and Dady left
Cuba one day. no one hardly knowlng of
his sudden departure until his host re?
ceived advice after the steamer upon
which he departed had sailedt, ordering
his baggage forwarded on the next boat.
Atter ^eceipt of certain private dispatches
from Washington Dady had called upon
Gen. Wood at the palace here and then
gone directly aboard of a steamer then
about to sail for Xew York, Dady owns
more than one Havana newspaper, and Js
_xercisin_ _, silent but rpowerfu. influ
ence in Cuban insuiar politics. as ' to
which more may be said later on. Xow
it is sufficient to say that he Ls working
in full accord with President McKinley
and Governor-Generul Wood, contt'ibut
ing Iargely to strengthening conservative
influences deep at work upon native con
science- and sentiment and calculated to
draw Cub.ms and Americans closer and
closer together in the effort being made
toward new development and renewed
prosperity, coup'.ed with stable govern
. ment, peace and order.
' WOItK SOOX TO BEGIX.
Mr. Bady. who is now in the City df
! Mexico with his family, is expected here
j shortly to make his final arrangements
? and consult with his engineers upon the
i ground, and it is beLeved work wili
? be Inaugurated in January at latest. In
the comoromise effected with the mll
itarv government he accepted the modi
i fications suggested by Mr. Gray, the not
' ed sanitary engineer, whose opinion had
been sought and obtained by the Admin
; istration and agrees to certain changes
'? proposed by Col. Biack?which Gen. Wood
I regards as Iargely beneficial to the city?
cutting down the contract ligure to $10,
| The city is arranging for a loan of $25,
000,000 upon ninety-year bonds, but the
commencement of work upon the Dady j
! contract in no way depends upon the j
i success of the negotiations for such loan, j
. as he has offered himself to take pay- j
! ment in ninety-year debentures, "3 per j
I cents," at par. In any future compllca- |
I tions as to detal! between contractor and j
I municipality settlement will be made by
arbiters (engineers) already chosen, these
j hav.ng seiected J. A. Viilalon, now Sec
I retary of Public Works in Gen. Woou's
i Cabinet. as umpire, in case of a failurc
' by the arbiters to themselves agree.
i Four to five thousand men will be em
? ployed. and it is anticipated that it will
, take at least three years to finally com
I plete the contract. The sewage will be
: carried in pipes under hydraulic pressure
j a mile to sea.
I Dady is also interested in a railway ln
iCentral Cuba. and expeci3 to controi
other contracts of importance here.
GEO. EL'GEXE BRYSOX.
FIELD OF THE
Molten wood is a new inventicn.
Paris' labor temple cost *MCO,C0O.
-Sew York negro waiters are crganiz
fhere are 55,000 Brotherhood carpen
The average annual rice crop of Japan
;s 193,2*5,113 bus'nels.
.\ti agv'cultural settlement near Xew j
York supplies the Celestiais of the East- j
ni States ".vMh Lhe-r du;t.
In Toledo, Oh'O, eight hours now con- ,
stitute a tl'ay's work n ali departments
uiider the city government.
I am told that there is tea grown and
gathered ln J_apan that sells for as much
aL ten doliars per pound.
Union upholsterers in San Francisco re
ceive 53 per day of eight hours. Every
shop in Uie city is said to be thoroughlj
U Unions subordinate to the International
Brotherhood of OU Well W ? k-**- w '
upon the question of electlng the interna?
tional officers of the parent body by in,_
referendum system. .
Near'- 1 00" women in S_a n wor.
in the field as day laborers; 33O.CC0 women
re re-tcrcd as day servants? that is.
they work for their food and iodging. There
is no such class anywhere eisc.
Ow'ng to a French law. compelling tn-.
French mefcantile marinc to man only
wth Frenchmen, the foreign seaman can?
not be hitroduced to displace and defeat
the French shipping unions. As a result
they are uniformly successful in meo
S The Building Trades Council. with more
than 70.000 building workmen attached to
it resolved to support the Metalllc Lath
ers' Union ln a fight with the Amalgamat
ed Street Metai Workers. wth l.'ltO mem?
bers ?vmP--.thet!" str>-*s will follow.
A case was unearthed in Melbourne
wh?*-e a government coairactor was pay?
ing his men nine shlllings a week and
tucker The contract was quashed. the
money in hand conflscated and distnbut
ed among the men to make up to six
shilllngs a day. their shonage under that
amount. The contractor went broke.
The Svdney Wharf Laborers Bnion.
which ls 2.600 strong. has obtained ,rom
the Associated Shipowners' Association
a flxed concession of eight hours and a
rise equal to one snilHng Per day. The
rate for casual hands- has been flxed a.
. one shllling an hour, with overtlme_ at ls.
j 6d. per hour and 2s. per hour after 5 P. M.
The Xew York building unions, with
25.000 members. are divided on a war to
the knife The 5.000 members of the Amal
gamated Society of Plumbers and Gas
ftltters and the Brotherhood of Plumbers
and Gasfltters decided to refuse to be
governed by the ruiings of Otto M. Eldlltz.
The union aubmitted thelr dlsputes to Mr.
Eldlltz for arbitration.
One matter in connection with the sub
stitution of Italian for black labor on the
boats that is giving some concern to tho
shopkeepers and others in Xew Or'#ms
Is the fact that the negro Is a liberal
spender, while the Italian is not. Every
dollar that the negro makes he spends.
The most of the money may go in crap
games, but at all events it goes and ls
thus kept In circulation- The Italian. on
tho other hand. is irugeL soaring ol ap
If you have these. c.il! on . . . .
L D. JOHNSON,
1013 East Main Street.
OID 'PHONE IS7. MTW 'PHONE 521
HE ADACHENE shoald always
be kept on hand to cure that
Headache you suffer with.
T.A. MILLER, 519 E. Broad,
Branch Under lailerson Hotel.
* - . j.tiftRQ Ir
teli DUllLfid-j JSif
4 S. StJH st.
TINNiNG, PLBHBISS AND
Latrobe Stoves, Ranges.
Furnaces, Lairobes, Ranges
and Leaky Boofs
Prevent all unpleasantness of
bad teeth. foul breath, sore
gums, by using - . .
MILLER'S No. 4 MOUTH WASH,
T.A. MILLER, 519 E. Broad,
Branch Under ielferson Hotel.
petite and niggard of purse. He wiil make
a few cents a day cover all Of his needa,
while he hoards his money in anticipa
tlon of the time of his return to Italy.?
One hundred years ago it was estimated
that a population of WO.00O.0OO exchanged
goods valudd at $1,500,000,000. Since lhat
timo the population has Increased 135 per
cent. The trade. which at the century's
beginning. was oniy $2.21 for each person.
has now increased to $13."I7. The advanee
in lhe deeade from 1S30 to 1S-10. just after
the introduction of the railway. was more
than r.vico as rapid as that of the ten
years previous to the railway era. The
teiegraph system Introduced in 1S-H has
spread. until now it embraces 1,000.000
miies of wire, with 170.000 miles of s*ub
marine cable. A large proportion ot th?
I.COO.00O land messages sent every day are
commer.'i;ii in character. Other factors
in the growth of commerce have been the
increase in the cultivated areas of the
worid from 360,000,000 to neariy 900.000,009
acres; the advanee ln coai production
from 11,000,000 to gOO.OflO.OOO tons. and ln
pig iron from 4c"0.!iX> tr. 37.000.000 tons.
"What "More or Less" means in the law:
United States Circuit Jtal^e Morrow. of
San Francisco. last week. rendered judg
ment in favor o. th'; pl^mtiff in the case
of Wells, Fargo & Co. vs. William Wolf.
Suit was brought lo recover from Wolf
the difference on *-'.y*J*i barrels of cement
at S2.ZO and al $3.7,0-per barrel. The tes
timony showed that Wolf ar 1 the plain?
tiff entered into a contract for the sup
plying of 5.000 barrels of cement. "more
or less." at $2.5a per barrel. to be used
in tho construction of the eompany's new.
building. As the work progressed and
when the 3,000 barrels were consumed It
was found that iO'Jo barrels additional
would be required. By that time the
market price of r-f-nient had rlsen to 5.1..V)
per barrel, and Wolf declined to furnish
more than 500 additional barrels at the
contract price, claiming tha* that num?
ber of barrels. being 10 per cent. of the
number ramed in the contrt.ct. complled
with the term "more or less' in tho con?
tract. Judgment was given in favor of
the complainant for SU. *-!*>*'>. from which
was to be deducted an offsec claimed by
Wolf. reduclng the net judgment against
him to $600.
The December number of the Southern
Phinter is out, and is one of the most
ir.teresting papers placed in the hands
of the farmers In a lor.g t'mo. It <-oa
fains a number of instructlve artlcles
on farm management, touchlns live stock.
Oa'ry. and horie^. be-s'des a number of
vi ry interesting edltcrial*.
Tho Srncktnn i* Aeerpt-Mt.
The torpedo-boat Stockton has ">*?? ac?
cepted by the 'Xavy X>*partment. 8h?
trial board having doelared that th*
vessel made the required speed. .
The Stoekton has returned to the city
and is anchored in her berth at the Trta?