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The times. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1890-1903, August 15, 1901, Image 3

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Veteran Leader. of Dsmocracv, who made a Capital Sp;ech.
VST-t cnnnoi aSterf to h«silalc. A strcnu
o-r.-. situation confronts us.
"Once to every man and nation comes
tht moment to decide,
1.1 Ihe strife of : : t . ; li .-M!'i falsehood for
TSvr rtf-ciniou musi be -; one and the
same liai.- tar honesty and Anglo-Saxon
Eupron&cy. Witrsout the first v. p c mse
our Relf-rcfipect, the source of <v>ry vir
l«<\ private and p '.■;:■■; without the ;|t!i
♦ r w I' < ■ rr.e the ;:'•'' 1 f political ad-
V2nturors and have our material pros
r-rt.v dfslroyed.
I v.'-.'y further congratulate you. If 1
lend aijffct the signs of the times, wo
will present In the nexi national cara-
I'.iit" a united front to tlie enemy. The
j ■<■• ■■' issue which so unhappily divided
v I is bc*n fought to the linish. That
Is h In M"i met its Gettysburg: In 1903.
its Appomattox. While J will never
make any apology to any ir.:'.:\ for my
advocacy of '"the free and unfimited coin
age of silver" as a legitimate means or
reasonable expansion of the curr< ncy or
for my enthusiastic and untiring support
for the highest ofnee in the gift of tho
American people of that true, able and
eloquent tribune of tho people, William
Jennings Bryan, yet I am free to say
that, in my judgment^ the logic of events
has settled this financial question and
removed it from thr- arena, of politics, if
not of polemics. Settled for the present,
if not forever, wo can, and should, pres
ent an unbrokc-n front to tho enemy. The
itisiTf-s of local iself-KTiwrnj-ncnt. oC a
tariff for revenue and of the economical
administration of the Gov< rnmrr.t remain.
T'pon these w have won in the past and
can win asrain.
I>R. POTT]-;i.L,.
Dr. R. S. Powell, of Brunswick county.
commondy known as Uncle Sam, was
called for, and made a speech that was
cheered to ihe eclio.
The whole I ones family was called for;
no. one responded, and there was another
Jonp wait upon the committees.
Congressman Peter J. Otey entertained
the convention for a Jew miutius with
.•■".T.e of his rich jokesl His reference to
the "Golden Glow" of the head of the next
Governor brought down the house. His
tribute to Mr. Montague was very grace-
A.l :< o'clock it was announced that tho
Committee on. Credentials would not be
ready to report for an Jwur, and Mr.
J^ily.son moved that the convention £0
i:iio th<^ nomination -of a candidate for
Governor. This was adopted with a great
As Colonel George. O. Cabell, Jr., was
seen making his way through the crowd
on the .stage, the Glontague people K;.\e
expression to their enthusiasm. J7oung,
clean-shaven, with black hair jml the
:: iners and delivery of an actor, he
Mr. Montague's name before tho
convention In an address that received the
close attention of thousands of people.
Colonel < abel] said:
it was the Utlj of June. ISOL In a rude
garret, in .'!;•- of the loneliest suburbs o*
the city oi London, lay ;t dying: man. Co
back with me across the jr.:n of years
;,!m! gaze Ul>"!i t!,.- face of one With
whose Came the wliole world has rung.
His form is emaciated and his forehead
is seamed by broad. <?<•<•]) wrinkles. 31 is
two large eyes, onoe su brilliant with pa
triotic jirc, new glare with a wild, un
natural light, liiy cheeks have lost their
ruddy hue and tio.w usa-ve the pallor which
heralds i!i-- approach of death. An aged
ministi r stands beside the couch and
asks 111 accents and low: "Arc you
.. Christian?" The dying roan is aroused.
"A < tinstianV Ol:! being a Christian
bring me back my lost honor? Can being
a Christian wipe away the disgrace
which, like a mountain, rests upon me?
Mark, oM man: Were I to pass along
the sue is as l passed when but a child.
the very babes in their cradles would
raise their liny hands and curse me. The
si:. x which now floats over a free people
would rain a baptism of blood upon my
Suddenly the dying man r;.ws; bo tot
ters along ihe floor; he forces open an old
vahse. and from it takes a. coat of blue
and tho tattered wreck of a. battle-flag.
With trembling hands he puts the coat
on; :: is that of a colonel in the Ameri
1.1:1 ColUini tltal Army, lla! the old times
;:!■•• back againi He waves aloft
the Stars and Stripes ami exclaims with
the !::-.• <>i other days: "Silence alon^r
the li!.«s! Forward, maivli! one more
Mow and Quebec is ours!" Ho stops.
J!:s-.>.s grow glassy. He siaiids for a
t;":-:' ;. erect, pallid, ghastly; and then
he lalis.
Benedict Arnold is dead.
Time rolls on. It is tho lL'th of October.
3SA'. In the little picturesque town of
tjQxlngxon, Va., a spot "fairer than all
the valleys of ]on!;<r; hills. • ;t ii is hushed
and quiet, for the life-blood of tho. great
Conioaerat< chieftain is fast ebbing
away. l?o has fought a pood tight, and
now Is laying aside life's bunion just as
autumn Krc-ts tho forest foliage with a
KOlde:, kiSB.
•'Tell Hill he must co:no up." are tho
words ho mutters, and Uu n, with a sigh
n* it loath to leave .- ■ noble ;l body, his
stainless soul so&rs aloft upon tho wincrs
of tho morning 1.. rest ; ,,i,i lleavon. And
as that pure spirit enters the pstes of
Parartise, methinks : hear angels play
ing on their golden harps, while, cheru
bim and seraphim continually cry. "Hail,
all hail, to the*, earth's best and noblest.
ThOU drr.n-tless la~cV
Silently, solemnly, tenderly his body is
laid to rest in the bosom of tho land he
Joyed ro well, while civilization weeps
above his sacred sepulchre.
Tho name of Benedict Arnold is reviled
anil execrated whernvcr treachery is
p;>i;rn'd and treason hatod; tho name of
Robert 1". T^«-o is respected and venerated
in every land whoso peoplo o?t(v>m virtue
and love liberty. Contrasting the livos»
of those two m<*n. do wo not turn with
3o<Uhlr<c from the memory of the ono
and lift tip our hearts 5n praiso and
thanK?irJv!ng to the Ruler of Nations
that we are permitted to live and die 1n
dear old Virginia. th<* lard of the Lree?
If the old Commonwealth could boast no
othw Mfc, no other death, she would still
bo rich in the possession of such a mem
And now, when Uer sons are gathered
in solemn conclave 10 choose those who
will preside over her destinies in the next
four years tv come, may thos>3 sons be
ever mindful ol the fate of him who
sought to betray his country, and so gov
ern themselves that every word spoken
and deed done may redound to the future
welfare and honor of themselves - md
their posterity'
a_s one gazes into tho intelligent faces
of the representatives in this convention
assembled, one Is impressed with the
thought that these are. tho, men and the
sons or the men who, when the tocsin.
of War was sounded, left the farm, the
workshop, ilv counting-room and the of
fice, to light, and die, if nerd b. % for
principle s they knew to bo right, and
when the contest was over, beat their
swords into plough-shares and assumed
again the duties and obligations of peace
with a fortitude undaunted and a manly
determination that challenged the admi
ration of the world.
Our fathers believed in the rule cf the
majority, in contradistinction to the rule
ol Ui*> minority, because tradition, his
tory, "memory and example had empha
sized the self-evident truth that people,
as a whole, love their country, and hence
would govern more wisely than the self
ish coterie which accident of birth or
fickleness of fortune might perchance
elevate above their fellow-men.
Eliminate from our politicnl fabric the
great central thread that the people are
patriotic and intelligent enough to be en
trusted with Kolf-governmc-.it, and that
fabric becomes rent and useless. Remove
Irom the Temple ot" l.ioerty :ts corner
stone, the subordination of the ambitions
and desires of thi few to the rights and
privileges of the many, and that temple
»\ill t-.tter and fill to the ground.
The moment you elevate aristocracy
and degrade democracy, that moment
Jim stab freedom and assassinate ja
trictisxn; The Old Dominion is what Hhe
is to- day because those who staked out
her landmarks recognized these two
fundaments! truths: "All rulers derive
their .iust powers firm th» consent of
the governed." ard, "the end of govern
ment is tho happiness of the governed."
This fair land was purchased with the
lives of our best and bravest; it was
consecrated with the blood of our fathers
and the tears of our mothers, and the
price paid was far too clear for us, their
children, to now abandon it to bo the prey
of those-who were warlike in peace, and
peaceful in war. l.et it be heralded
abroad that though the "heathen rage
and the wicked Imagine vain things."
tho Democratic party will continue to
shape the destinies of Virginia until the
memories of Valley Forge have faded into
forgetfulness and the heights of Gettys
burg are leveled with the sea. The his
tory of the Democratic party is the his
tory of the Commonwealth, and me
glory "'<" the one .'s the glory of ih<- other.
]>o not understand me to intimate that
our party has not made honest mistakes
or that none of those who were put in
high places ever forgot that he was the
servant and not the master, but I do make
bold to state without fear oi successful
contradiction tnat the few mistakes made
were rectified so ss r >on as the people dis
covered them and could take action there
on, and that, upon the whole, the- men
whom it has honored with leadership In
tho past have been eminently wise, true
and patriotic, and their administration
of the affairs of the Commonwealth nas
-en such as to materially better tho con
dition of her citizens, irrespective of party
allegiance or political affiliation.
"With a profound belief in the statement
of Oarlylc thai "Great men are tii<> com
missioned (ruid»s of mankind who rnlo
their fellows because they are wiser";
i.-^.ned wi-ti •, spirit Of love for my
country, which T trust may become in
tenslfied as ih.> years roll by: 'with the
memory of the deeds of those great and
Illustrious cltize-- who have indelibly
written their names upon the wages of
history. 10 serve as a reminder of my duty
to my fellowmen; with an abiding faith
in tho Intelligence, honesty and patriotism
of my people: and yet supremely con
scious of my inability to clothe in lan
guage the thoughts which this presence
Inspires. T bring for your consideration
as a candidate for tho honored position
of Chief Magistrate, one whose surname
has b^eri f<>r centuries n synonym of last
ing affection: for din" not "Rom^o love Jull°t
and was npt Romeo n Montaerue? TJorn
in Campbell eo'inty. reared in Middlesex
county, ndomed by thn city of Danville.
his good fame Is tor* lnrpp for any city's
cole to trreat for any section's
private rinirrV.
By 1 :rth ,-i cavalier, he. nevertheless
recocrnizes no class or distinction save
that which must perforce, spring from
honest effort and sturdy toil. Having
experienced poverty's painful pinch, hav
ing: labored and struggled to obtain an
education so that he might be equipped
for the stem duties of life, he fully real
izes that a man should be esteemed and
respected not for what he has but for
what he is.
He is distinctly a man of the people and
holds steadfastly to the old-fashioned doc
trine that ours is "a government of the
people, for the people and by me people."
He would protect to its fullest every dol
lar's worth of property in our borders,
and every agency at his comninnd would
bo invoked for tho safe-guarding of the
smallest vested right, but at the. same
time he darfs to place flesh and blood
above avarice and ambition, and with
tho great American Commoner proclaims
to the oppressor: "Thou Shalt not press
nown upon the brow of labor a. crown
of thorns; thus shalt not crucify humani
ty upon a cross of gold." He is a man
of gront breadth of character, of digni
fied deportment, k.nd. affable and cour
teous to all with whom he comes in con
tact, and it can be said of him as was
once said by Roscoe Conkllns: of another
great man: "He walks a highway of his
own and keeps the company -.of his pelf
respect." Ho comprehends tho full sip
niilcance of thr phrase. "Proprieties of
the position," yet Is not too proud to go
directly to tho people with his requests.
I have always held that under a re
publican form of government, such as
ours, candidates for offlee, from tho
highest to the lowest, should minple free
ly with their constituents so that, from
social intercourse and personal intimacy,
a juster estimate of the qualifications of
those seeking their suffrage be formed.
The true lover of his country may woll
look with some mlsgivlnp upon the ten
dency now in vogue to further and fur
ther * remove the office-holder from the
ofilce-mnker. From every point of view
this tendency is to bo deprecated, for a
great many mistakes of those In hish
places are to be attributed more to Igno
rance of what tho citizen really needs than
to a culpable desire to do wrong.
I do not care to pose n? a vendor of
provernmental nostrums or purveyor of
political oracles, but permit -me with due
modesty to stato, that, in my humble
judgment; nothing will tend # to build up
and establish a healthy condition of af
fairs In a country so much as the hring-
Ing closely together of the representa
tive and tho represFiitcd. T want to sec
tho time, and that soon, when every of
fice in this Commonwealth, from the con
stable who servos a warrant to the wear
er of the senatorial toga, will bo olectod
by the people. T want to see th^ time,
and that soon, when out party will s=n
loct its every representative in an uni
form, legalized; Democratic primary. That
office seeker is truly the object of com
miseration who is so unfortunate as to be
unwilling to submit his claims to too dis
passionate judgment of an enlightened
constituency. I hnvo tho fullest confi
dence in the discriminating ability of the
members of my party and. for one, he
lieve that the candidate for political pre
ferment who fears to plead his cause
In its tribunal emphasizes by passive con
fession tho weakness and injustice of bi~
position. If tho offices j n f ac t belong to
the people. let tho people fin them with
men of their own selection. The recog
nition by an otiicial of a direct responsi
bility to his creators will do more than
any other ere tiling to revive the f;ist
(iyinp: Interest of O ;ir citizens in the con
duct of the affairs of government.
Something must ho done. nnd that
quickly, to eradicate from the mind of
tho citizen this ever Increasing pessim
ism In politics. What latent force or
j occult h>\c;ico is it that, in tho opinion of
many, by op.« wave of the magic wand
transforms tho divine afflatus into t
Mephistophelean mockery; tho past-good
man into the prcsenUbad-man, so soon ns
ho essays to enter the political arena?
We are too prone to lose sivht of th<-
fact that a. pood man out of office will
b» a ?roo.-l man in office, for, after all. it
is the man who makes p Jlitics and not
politics that makes the man.
Tie whose cause 1 have espoused be
llyes in purity in political affairs; that
even in these days of strenu aus politics
a man should be as true and upright in
his public life as in his private life. Know
ing that he is in sympathy with the
views so crudely presented, believing that
he would be a worthy successor of a long
line cf brilliant statesmen, who have grac
ed and adorned tho position to which he
aspires; having confidence in his ability,
courage, honesty and patriotism, Dan
ville has commissioned me to present to
you the. name of her favorite son and to
say that his four years of enforced ab
sence from her midst upon official duty
has not los-senod her affection for him,
but has only made tho heart grow fonder.
She Is proud of his mental attainments,
proud of his purity of life, proud of hi?
sterling integrity: proud of his hish sense
of honor, proud of his fidelity to every
task, all which attributes combine to make
him the highest typs of the young Vir
ginia gentleman. With such a loader
bearing the standard of our party, how
•.'.an our enemies iprevpf.l (against Jusi?
■With him in the forefront of the battle,
every faction will bn harmonized ranks
will bo. closed, and we shall achieve a glo
rious victory, for be it said to the ever
lasting credit of Southern Democrats that
however fierce ihe conflict is wajred prior
to the convention, after the nomination all
differences are adjusted, ill feeling disap
pears, wounds are healed, and the success
ful candidate receives the enthusiastic
support of a united party. Our people have
long since become convinced by bitter ex
perience that, from a political standpoint,
the worst Democrat is to bo preferred to
the best Republican.
He who is about to lay aside tho du
ties of tho office of Attorney-General, has
served his State well in the four years
just drawing to a close, and now that
the tenure of that office is about to ex
pire, we may avouch the record he has
made with a, keen sense of satisfaction,
for even his enemies admit it has been a
brilliant one and his personal and offi
clal life, pure, stainless and und^filof!.
My cuntrymen. give Montague to Vir
ginia, for Virginia has need of just such
a man. And oh. will this not be a glad
some day for the Old Commonwealth.; a
day that will mark an epoch In lvr po
litical and industrial history! Then in
truth can we exclaim:
"Xow is the winter of our discontent
Made glorious .summer by this son of
And nl' the clouds that lour'd upon our
In tiie ueop bosom of the ocean buried."
Make him Captain of our Old Ship of
State, give him a capable Lieuteriant-
Governor and an experienced Attorney-
General for first and second mates, place
aboard of her Taylor Ellyson as pilot and
tho new Constitution as a navigating chart
man her with a crew of true an.i tried
D< mo-rats, and 1 nft.-r a four'years prpspi r
iius cruise, she will return to her moor
ings without a -shivered timber or a broken
Gont'.omen of tho Convention. I take
pleasure in placing in nomination for tho
high and exalted office of Governor of this
Comminwealth the name of the Young
Virginian. Andrew Jackson Montague.
The Colonel received a tremendous ova
tion when ho concluded his remarks.
Among the first to shako him by tho
hand were Governor Tyler and Mr. Elly
The nomination of Mr. Montague was
Chairman of Resolutions Committee, who will Present Report To-dv-
seconded by Walter B. Richards, of Front
Royal, a typical representative of the
young Democracy. He is smooth faced,
rather stockily built, has a pleasant de
livery and graceful voice. M r . Richards
did not attempt any flowery language, but
presented practical reasons for the nomi
nation of his candidate, and this he did
in eloquent terms.
Colonel J. M. French, of Giles, a vete
ran of the Civil War and with a voice
that rivals that of "Cyclone Jim" Mar
shall, seconded Mr. Montague's' nomina
tion. It was a rousing talk, just such as
came to the delegates as a "breath of
fresh air" after the two carefully pre
pared set speeches of Colonel Cabell and
Mr. Richards.
Following Colonel French's speech there
came the surprise of the clay. No one
asked to be recognized. Tho name of
Andrew- Jackson Montague is before the
convention; are there any further nomi
nations? asked Chairman Glass.
There was no response. Mr. Glass wait
ed fully a minute. Them were calls for
Joseph T. Lawless, who had been selected
to place Mr. Swarison|s name before the
convention. Mr. Lawless did not appear.
Several delegates moved that Mr. Monta
gue be nominated by acclamation. This
was carried with a swoop.
Delegates got up on chairs, throw their
hats up and kept up their yelling and
shouting- for several minutes.
Messrs. Henry K. Pollard, Eppa Huntdrii
Jr., and George. C Cabell were appointed
to bring the nominee before the conven
While the committee were out to bring
TVTr. Montague in Senator Keezell moved
that the body elect a .State chairman.
This was adopted, ami Colonel J. M.
French nominated Mr. Ellyson. He was
chosen by acclamation and briefly re
turned his thanks for the honor.
Mr. EJlyson had not concluded his re
marks when the committee entered with
Mr. Montague, and the chairman was
forced to suspend.
There was another great demonstration
when the "Red Fox, was turned loose to
make his speech. Mr. Montague wore a
suit of dark material, cutaway coat and
light colored vest. He was in magnificent
voice, and delivered his speech with that
force and effect so characteristic of him.
He was heard with close attention and
often the applause was almost deafening.
Air. Montague said:
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the
> Convention :
It seems unnecessary to accentuate my
acceptance of the honaf which you, the.
accredited representatives of tho Democ
racy of Virginia, have just conferred
upon me; for no modesty should induce.
me to disguise the fact that your action
lias for some weeks been generally an
i-i'it I am unable to withhold, and I do
not think it proper to withhold, some ex
pression, however Inadequate, of my ap
preciation of your action; and I beg to
tender to the members of this conven
tion, and through them to the Demo
cratic pei.pl,. of the State, my profound
and abiding gratitude for this proud and
honorable distinctioi. Yet, in this pros-
(Member State Committee.)
eriee, 1 must confess that, while inex
pressibly gratified at your action. 1 am
deeply impressed by the responsibility
which it imposes; but In this anxiety of
in ml 1 taku hope in an inflexible deter
miratioii to do my part in achieving the
victi ry which our party so well de
serves, and to discharge the cons :quent
duties with whatsoever of energy and
ability, courage and patriotism .1 may
possess; all of which I will place at our
party's command and upon the altar ojC
our beloved Commonwealth. This I con
ceive to be the supremest test of my
recognition of the. trust committed to
But while I am endeavoring to impress
i;pon you my sense of your generous
confidence; I cannot fail to congratulate
you upon this splendid assemblage of
Virginia Democrats, and to remind you
that the Democracy of this State has
never before had a clearer conception of
the needs of the Commonwealth, nor a
more courageous purpose to discharge
Its mission to the satisfaction of our
Wo are constrained to the belief that
the ultimate triumph of the fundamental
principles of Democracy, as promulgated
by Thomas Jeff/ rson. tends to ilie peace
and welfare of the eitizi ns of the repub
lic; and, holding this belief, it is our su
preme duty to co-operate with our
brethren throughout the Union for th»
restoration of our party to the control of
national affairs. Vet' we find our first
duty at home. The honors and duties
of the Federal Government appeal large
ly to our most ambitious citizens; but
the administration of our domestic in
stitutions is the firrt consideration of
the Intelligent patriot. Where the citi
zen is toughed once by the Federal
power, or once needs Federal aid, he is
touched a hundred times by the State,
and a hundred • times needs the State's
aid. The just, wise and economical admin
istration of local government is as essen
tial to the welfare of the people as the
successful administration of the foreign
policy of the republic. The suppression
of crime, the maintenance of law and
order, the administration of justice as
applied to the many rights arrri duties of
home citizenship, the upbuilding of popu
lar education, the care of our eleemosy
nary institutions, all demand the sacri
lico of the first and best fruits of our
Though the fundamental creed of the
Democratic party never changes, yet to
its glory it may be said that its prin
ciples have adapted themselves, and will
adapt themselves, to the varying needs
and exigencies of a free people. Conse
quently, to-day, as we cnust realize, our
State has entered upon an era of mate
rial, commercial and educational advance
ment: and our people must be congratu
lated that the Democratic party will guide
and administer our government as it
proceeds upon a career of ruch potential
ities. Indeed, it is essential that our
party shall administer it. for it cannot
now be safely administered 1 by any other
The demand for better public roads is
hoard throughout the Commonwealth.
The State is growing so rapidly in riches
and power that she can now undertake
this great public work. It may not be
expedient to provide an elaborate system
at once, but a system can be introduced
which will givo hope that in due time our
foads will bo one of the greatest factors
in our industrial progress. I shall not
advance arguments for good roads. His
tory, experience and our present needs
demonstrate the necessity for the imme
diate inauguration of a. policy giving our
people greater facilities for the transpor
tation of their products to the highways
of commerce and 1 for the promotion of so
cial intercourse and domestic comfort.
Our party has heon the faithful custo
dian of our public free-school system. Wo
have dono the best we could with the
means at our command andi within the
limitations of our Constitution: yet many
realize that the system cannot be greatly
improved until our school terms are lon
ger, our school laws wiser and better
educational advantages are brought with
in the reach of our children. Moreover,
it to essential that this system shall be so
conducted thai the people may know that
the public free schools shall not educate
our children away from labor, but to
wards labor. Our children must be
taught to coin their thoughts into work.
no less than Into words. Therefore, our
People hope for. and will energetically
devise, at no distant day, some means
whereby we may begin a wise and effi
cient system of industrial and mechani
cal education. "When this is dono we
c:ui utilize our wealth of forest, of wa
ter; of field and of mine. "We need not
then pell abroad the crude product of
our forests, fields and mines and buy back
the articles manufactured, therefrom en
hanced in value forty, fifty and a. hun
dred-fold. We need not then sell, as we
ik> now, our brawn and buy back brain.
We will then develop our own resources,
make our own wares, build up our own
people in thrift, in intelligence, in com
fort and in happiness. it is. therefore,
our duty to foster and improve our sys
tem of public instruction, for the cause
oi true, popular education and free gov
ernment is one and the same.
In the nature- of tilings agriculture, the
oldest and most indispensable of .nil arts,
will continue to be the chief occupation
of the people of Virginia, and as such it
should be to the Democratic party the ob
ject of most zealous care. Within the past
two years, as the result of a Democratic
measure the re-venue derived from ferti
lizers has provided means not only for
the analysis e.f fertilizers ami for experi
ments in scientific farming, but also for
the establishment of Farmers' Institutes,
which are now dlsseminat'ng among our
farmers the most approved agricultural
education. And now when all arts nre
matting marvelous .'Urines, our .State
should omit r.othiti-g tuat- will keep this
great industry fri the van 'if modern soi- ri
tific knowledge and progress.
Larger and better things s'eeni in store
for our Commonwealth.- A new Consti
tution, now framing by our ablest and best
men, gives every promise of meeting the
hopeg and needs of a progressive and
patriotic people. Under this instrument
must bo established and operated an
economical and efficient government,
which will fully protect the rights of man
and property; which' will : invite immigra
tion and capital: and which will at the
same time enable us to care for our dis
abled and needy Confederate veterans and
our eleemosynary and educational insti
tutions. Under such an organic law.
constructed upon the fundamental lines or"
free government, the patnway of our
future will be luminous with peaco, pros
perity and glory.
My own views upon the subject of Dem
ocratic primaries are too well-known to
need elaboration, yet T beg to exhort my
Democratic brethren that in the selection
of State officials and United States Sena
tors, a primary election system should
be adopted. The safety of the Democratic
party rests upon the active participation
in politics of the mass of voters. The
welfare of the State depends, not so much
upon the few who take an active part in
political affairs, as upon the thousands
of unobtrusive <>itizens. who never appear
upon so conspicuous a field, yet who never
fail to perform, with consecrated patriot
ism, hundreds of lessor duties— citizens
who curb their own passions, who fol
low the light of thrir own conscience?.
and who know their own duties as well
as the rights of others. Such citizens
form the basis of the progress and perpet
uity of free institution."; and to secure
their active participation in the manage
mopt of party affairs, should be the duty
of parties and statesmen. For it must
not be forgotten that bad government is
not. due so much, to the energy or ability
of bail men. ns to the inactivity or neg
lect of good men.
And ns we assemble here !n this city,
compassed by
"Bays and broad-arm ports,
"Where, laughing at the storm, rich na
vies ride,"
and throbbing with victorious industry,
let us be as men ia a house of one mind,
determined to achieve the full mission of
our party, and to give to the people of
this great and ancient Commonwealth a
government commensurate with their
lofty ideals and aspirations.
After Mr. Montague had concluded and
received the congratulations of his
friends there were calls for Mr. Swanson,
and he made his way to the stage. J[is
reception was almost as cordial as that
given his successful opponent.
He never made a speech to better effect
in his life, and in returning his thanks to
those friends who had followed him, did
so in terms that brought forth tremendous
Mr. Swanson spoke as follows:
Mr. Chairman:
No person is deserving or worthy of
success in any venture, or i:ndertaking
who cannot graciously and manfully
bear defeat if it comes.
Without complaint, without bitterness.
[ bow to and accept the decision of the
Democracy of this State, as lawfully ex
pressed in this convention.
Gentlemen of the convention, your can
didates are my candidates; Your nom
inees are my nominees. Your standard
hearers are my standard bearers. Your
declarations of policy are those to which
I shall srive my adherence and my sup
port. ( have never failed to listen to the
voice of Democracy when it has regu
larly and lawfully Epoken. I am not
one of those whose devotion to Democ
racy is measured by the extent to which
it may honor me or gratify my aspira
tions. Many persons have deserted the
party in the past because it refused to
crown them king. I am not one of these.
I am. willing to serve. In the ranks or
elsewhere, as the justice and wisdom of:
Dc-mocracy may dictate.
I desire to say a word to those who
have honored me with their support in
my candidacy. I wish 'o assure them o;
.uy vnbounded. gratitude for their warm
rd loyal support. Gratitude, which Is
the richest and rarest flower that sheds
Its perfume In the- human heart, will
ever make me hold these true and loyal
Whose Speech Aroused the Convention to Gnat Enthusiasm.
friends in lasting and loving remem
brance. However others may think. I
hono that when my political car.-, r
ended it may bo said of . me as it was
said of that greatest of alt Democrats.
General Andrew Jackson: "He never
failed a. friend."
But more important than conveying to
my friends this assurance of my appre
ciation, I wish to bespeak for the. norr.i
nee<3 of this convention their cordial and
warm support.
I hope that there is not a person who
in the recent primaries and mass-meet
ings supported mo who will n.>r. give the
nominees of to-day an active and an ear
nest support.
The bulk of those who followed me in
the recent fight are the s irred veterans
of Democracy, who "" many battle-tietds
have given to the Republican party proo
of their prowss and patriotism ant de
votion to party. Disappointments within
party councils will never induce_these vet
erans to sheathe their swords nor to wield
a less sharp blade against the common
Speaking for myself and for my iriends,
I will say that we have marched . and
rejoiced with Democracy in the brightest
days of its triumphs and glories; we have
followed it and stood steadfast : ; the
darkest hours of defeat arid gloom; we
have ptood in the front rank in its fierc
est battles and storms: and in; the coming
batUe of November and in ail others
where Democracy is engaged we will ■
found valiantly contending against its
foes, and will redden the field with the
blood Of its enemies. Tlv>.=o who .vi!<-i
late Republican victory from Democratic
discord iir> wofully mistaken. The Mes
of November next, as heretofore, will
witness a. great Democratic victory.
Tho Democracy of this State with con
fidence appeals to the voters for an en
dorsement of its pplvi'.'i'.ii ;in:iiWi>;rat n
of State affairs. The Democrati n -1
.in Virginia during the fifteen :■ irs of
Democratic rule challenges criticism, and
is unsurpassed by the administration. _oi
any State in this Union, whether under
Democratic or Republican rule.
The first, test o( a man or a- party I?
honesty. Apply the test to the- Demo
cratic party of Virginia.
During the fifteen years that It has?
been in power it has collected in taxes
and disbursed from Richmond about $50.
000,000 of the people's money. This vast
sum has been collected and distributed
without scandal, without defalcations.
■With clean, pure hands, the Democracy
of Virginia faces its enemies and appeals
with confidence to the :■■ • !e.
Before the Democratic party came Into
power the finances of the State were
deranged, the treasury was bankrupt, the
State debt was ur-.S'-tt'.--.!. ail .•■ ruing
Prices Reduced!
Table linens, probably of all fabrics, are steadiest
and strongest in demand. Table linens, undoubtedly,
of all dry goods have advanced most materially in price
during the few months past. Hence actual reductions
are notably rare. Today, however, we are space mak
ing — Have the linens and we bought them right — have
others coming and must have shelf-room. So we've
changed some figures, enough to make it interest you
•to help us make room for the new comers. None, how
ever, will come better than these — though the prices
may be more — and none will bear a higher mark of
quality. Consider our qualities and these savings.
D.irmsk, 60 inches wide, pure flax Napkins. Fuil 5-S siz;, extra heivy,
linens, full bleached, variety of pretty perfectly bleached, nice line of new
patterns, was 60c a yard, "__ patterns, were >!.5O a ,-»
now SOC dozen, now $ I -35
Dam.isk, 72 inches wide, fine all- Napkins, Size full 20x20 inches,
linen, full bleached, good weight, double damask, finely bleached, six
extra variety of patterns, was >- . exquisite patterns, were ~ „
Sfc a yard, r.ov.- 75^ 53-00 a dozen, now 4>2.4$
Damask. 6S inches wide, extra line Napkins,, Extra line, all-linen, fu!,
double damask, full bleached, all- 3-4 size, perfectly bleached, doubly
lined, fine patterns, was <I.COa damask, newest designs, - £
yard, now were ?3-00 a dozen, now. . 5>2 # 4o
A uuut) UmBReLLA
For a Dollar.
An extraordinary value in a strong, substantial
Twilled Gloria Covered Umbrella, full 26 inch size,
paragon frame, steel rod. natural wood handle. It's
light and durable, to shield you from the sun or protect
you from the rain..
The Very Best Umbrella For $1.00.
Fourqurean, Temple & Co.
interest was unpaid. .in<t the Qnane!»l
credit ol Virginia the lowest Ot any Stat"
in the Union. Since Democracy cam"
into power, the Plato debt has been set
tled in a manner satisfactory alike to
creditor and to debtor, all Interest an*
every ooagation promptly paid. Tho
State debt has been entirely ♦•liminatett
n-= -i menace to business and to politics.
an.i' tO-day Virginia, bonds and Virginia
credit -ire second to those of no State )n
f&££ Democracy came into power the
school system of the State was demoral
ized, teachers had to discount their p*t
f rec school system was destined to de
struction and' ruin. The advent o£ De
mocracy marked a change. Appropria
tions for public s rboois ; - ive ' «n in
creased more than fifty per cent... ■:■■■■■■
cienthlgh schools started in v;';..:- : = and
towns, and to-day the great ptt] Ifc ft •
school system is distributing the bene
ficence of education alike to the rich an 1
of this Commonwealth.
Before Democracy came lnt>-> power
there was no college where poor daugh-
To-day th< ' Female Normal School at
Fsinnville, supported by State appropria
prlations for tlie Virginia Military Insti
tute. I ■:- the Virginia Polytechnic Insti
tute at Blacksburs for the William and
Mar>- Cottese, and for the University „r
Virginia show that since It was given
power the Democratic party In Virginia
has made it posslbli f c every aspiring
•„ - : .,... ; of this S •• • to gratifj his
ambition in whatever avenues and tinea
his tastes and hope s m <■■ '•> id him.
Bef •:■•■ D m »ci 1 y ■ me ;'; ' • • : w« not
a dime, not ;• cent, was appropriated for
who had fought at First Manass -. •" '
Chancettorsville. who had charged at
Gettysburg and whose achievements and
valor had gin n Lusti r t • th irae o£
Virginia that will endure as : ::g is timo
lasts, were neglected and Ceft In ; n iry
and want. Since Democracy has I id
control it has erected and supported (^r
these worthy veterans a S Idlers' Elome
at Richmond and has made-large find
Increasing appropriations for these d -
serving men.
Before I >■ mocracy came Erit • r >wer the
(Continued on Eighth Page.)

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