Newspaper Page Text
PAPER. A STDDYIISODTHERH DIAIECT By S. H. THOMPSON. Tha oinlcet of the Southern people may bo llkened to tho Er.gllsh language ln lhat it ls made up of a varloty of word* and phra_es from so snany different fourcos. ln tho preciedir.g papers 1 have talled ntentioji to tha Scotch and Eng? llsh ckments. These, liko tho peoplo Ihumseiv*^, l.ave coalesccd Jnto ono ano: become th$ common tongue of the peoplo _nd now a word which m the home be? yond tbe sea would not be heard except in a given locality is used by the deseen dante of both raccs wlthout discrimina tton. Jn tijo present paper I purposo glvmg a gilmpse of th* inlluence of tho __rnu_i oiemenu Those peopie were nearly always called Dutch. tiity years ago. They nro to be found ln Weet Virginia. ln the Shenan r.oah Vailey. in Virginia, along the slopes Of tho Blue Kldgo and Alleghany Moun tains, in i.oated colonles east of Greons boro. North Carolina. and in largo nttm __ra ln tho Yadkin Rlver vailey and along Its tributaries. The rlch sectlon throu_h whloh the Catawba Rivcr flows also abounds in tho descendar.ts of those ?arly Germaii settlors. They came most ly to North Carolina and Virginia from Pennaylv?tda, though many Jolned them dlrccUy from tho Fatberiaod. lt was a common thing a_ late as 1840 to attend thalr services and hear them conducted In the Gcrman tongue. I have heard the Gorman among them withln the last twenty yeara, thougn their anc?_ors tUxrno to Am?rica over one hundred and forty years ago. At llrst the Scotch Irish and Engllsh ncighbors of these peo? ple had a great prejudice against them. 'J lds was engendered partly on tho aci count of their religlous notions and partly on account cf raclol and linguis tic peculiaritlcs. This prejudice was not tctfUly obliterated until after tho groat upheaval causel by tho Civil War. In a great measurc this accounts for tho minimum of influence which they exerted on tho language of the people as a whole, Tho ear-marks of their language may be traced in the word, "noodles." Tho Germnn is "nudel," and means vermi cclli. maccaroni. It is mndo of wheat ilour kneaded into finugh with raw eggs, This dough is rolled very thin, cut Into narrow strips, and tho-se strips are made into tubes about tho sizo of a common lead pencil, dried in the sun, then served ns a constltu-nt of soup. I hear among them the word "snits." meaning apples mt Into pieces and dried without. paring. J <1<> not know how general this term is. but I do know i. ls eDmetimes used in Pennsy'vanla and in New York. as well bs ln the South. I never heard it any wherc else than among theso old "Dutch" settlors. They have given us Ihe word "truok." Some of the lexico graphers give this word as derived from the Romance tongues. This may be, but I know that it wns Introdttced among is by tho Germans- and even in the viiter's time was re.iected as a "Dutch" w.r'l by the Scotch-lrish element near theso old Garman settl'ements. This of course has no reference to the use of tbe word. meaning a wheeled vehlcli, that being e\*idently derived from the Latin word trochus, a whecl. The Ger man has a word, "druckken," which means to fold up. lt is possible that this use of tho word may find Its deriva j tion here, ns it frcqnently means things j tled togethcr. The general term means i'any small packago of things offered for [ sale. Tho Germans, among whom I I heard tho word, used It lo distinguish \ an indiscriminato collectlon of vegc ' tables for cookir.g purposes. Even when | Cboked and placed upon the tahle they : called them "cooked truck." It is so used ' to-day in theso old German communities, i and any other use of tho word would j hardly be understood. Referrlng again j to the word "snits," I wlsh to say that : it is used in tho Valjey of Virginia | among c??rtain classcs of tho people, to mean apples cut Into thin slices without paring and then fried. One still hears ln theso old German communities, among the less culture:! classes, the. cxpr?*ssion, "dis," ??dat." and oftcn "dese," "dcre," and "dem." These are so obviously German that they need only to bo mentioned. Tho German I tor.guo has no such sound as our th, but ! use instead tho letter d. Tho negroes j have a similar use of the letter d, and I have wondcred if they might not have learncd such a use of it from the first importers of negroes to these shore-s. namely, the Dutch, whose languago is a kindred tongtie to tho German, and whoso use of d Is precisely the same. 1 found one pecullarity in a North Caro? lina community. It was a difflculty with i tho letter v. As a rule. Germans have ! trouble to pronouncc words beKinning I with tho lette-r w; but these pronounced vlno, wine and vailey, walley. The story I is told of these peoplo by their Scotch | Irish neighhors that one of them went j hunting with hls dog, which he called A'emis. On returning his experience is given as follows: "My dog AYenus treed a wery weno mous warmint up a grapcw'no in the walley." I havo been unable to find any reason for this peculiarity, although I havo solicited the aid of some good Ger? man Bcholars. Let it be kept in mind that what is said here of peoplo refers only to that which the writer has personally observed. lt should be further noted that those peo? ple only are taken into account whose settlements were made in colonial days. A writer iu one of the leading American mnprazines for the year 1SG0, romnrks that the. Ecderal soldlers found "you'uns"' and "we'uns" from Pennsylvania to Florida. He might havo added "us'uns" and "them'tms," for I havo heard both, though they are not so common as the first tcrrns. There has been so much said in curent literature about theso words and nbout the people who use them, that I havo given a great deal of caro and patient study to find what stock of people use them nnd under what circumstances they are used. In no cass have I heard theso odd phrasos useel ex? cept by people* nf German extraction or thoso who at some time had come under their influece. No purcly Scotch-Irish or English community uses them so far as T havo been nblo to learn. Thev are eertainly not used east of the Blue> Ridge in A'irginia nor in the eastern half of North Carolina, where the English and Scotch elements prevall. They are found in the mountains of AMrginia, Kcntucky, Tennesseo and in western North Carolina. Of course, only the uncultured classes use them n.nywhere. How can wo ac? count for their use among these people? U am sure that they arose from. tho Ger? man effort to utilize his own pronouns in their eleclincd forms. This may have occurred by way of emphasis, clsc hav? ing given the English form, tho German form was repeated after it to mako the mcaning plain. The elative and accusa tive forms of tho first personal pronoun. plural, are "uns" for both cases. Take as nn cxample tho accusative form; in English It is us. A German learning to speak English would have his natlye form in mind and would be likely to repeat it after hc used the form. us. Should he do so ho would have exactly the form under discusiion. namely, '?'un'uns." I am couiirmed in this opinion by the ex perie-nce of my friend. Dr. Kline, of tho Stato Normal School, with a Swede at Clark University. He said this Swede was a most intelligent gcntleman. fresh from his native land, but he almost in variably said "You'uns como over and see me.'' when inviting his friends to his rootns. In their uso they are never made to refcr to the singular number by the natives. Only ln storles of peoplo who do not know what they are talking about is such the caso. I a.m pcrsonel ly acquainted with people whoso daily oonversatirm contains these words, but in no case did I ever hear them referring to a single indiviaual. "Sauer Kraut." which means cabbage cut fine and pick led in brine, is also a flennan contribu tion. AVhile this is not a distinctivo Southern uso of the word, yet lt is qulte common in tho South. What tho Virginians call a Brunswick e.'fw- -.ised to be called by the Scotch I:ish neighbors of these German people, a "Dutch mess" I have seen it upon thv'r tables mado of a promiscuous nuxing of cabbage.- boa.ns, tumips and yttious other vegetabics, ccokccl with meau in the sarno vessel. ln A'irginia the oiunswick stcw is made with raucn in-jro care and the mixing is moro that of nifcals than of ve.giiables. There aro no communities in tho South ric-'c; in the folK-iorc than these old German settlements. To this day tho moon govcrns planting. aowing, renplng, killmg and Curlng hacon, building fonces, and 'niliTig tlmbei*. <lorg on journeys, cutting and making gaiments. beginning >-ert:,:n work, trlinining uie raiis and ft.iir are aovprr.ee. by signs and omens. All these ^cid mateiinp:i? "o the qurifntnocs of tho tongue of tho peoplo using them. Thero are certain sayings, growing out of odd games and customs. which wliilo they belomr moro to folk-lorc than to language study. add force and aro re-nlly additions to the di'ilect. As an ilhist'ra tion of this, the sayllig "Everything is lovely and tho gooso hangs high,'* comc3 from the ol<l though cruel sport of the gooso pullihg. Teso are some of. the ad dic;ons which ha.ve come into the dlalect from our German element, showing how we have added from all sourccs to our epiaint tongue. ln my next paper I shall endeavor to show how our use of the letter r dif ferentintes us from all other people. FIRST ORDINANCE AS TO STREET RAILWAYS Rules Laid Down for Their Conduct as Far Back as 1869, When the System Was a Modest One. HAD CARRIAGES TO RUN ONTRAMPLATE tt can serlously be questlonc-d whether in the last thirty years Richmond has made any very notable forward strides in the malter ot the enactmc-nt of legisla tion in rclation lo street railways. ln view of the interest and attention given to franehlses for enterpriscs of this character of late. the flrst general inunicSpal kgislation upon this subject is a matter peculiarly worthy of note. So far back as IR69 Richmond had thor oughly considered street railways in their rclation to the city. Chapter :>3 nf tho city ordlnances of that year is a general ordlnar.ee. laying down what is to l>o expected Of street railways dolng busi? ness in Richmond. It is a simplo and ingenious discussion of the subject. with? out reiation to any particular companj or interest. In the light of the devolop ments of thirty three years this general ordlnance. which makes some seven print? ed pages. makes interesting rcading. The ordinanco launches Into the sub? ject with the declaration that "contracts for tho privilege of running railway pas penger cars on the streets of the city of Ricmhond shall be subject to the follow Ing terms. provlsions, rcstrictlons and HmHntions:" Then follow paragraphs, setting forth that the streets to be used aro tb be Bpeclfically named in the contracts grant? ed. changes of route are only to be made with the consent of the Council, nnd ihe construction is io be of a character that the City Engineer will approvc The fourth paragraph contains the fol? lowlng Interesting provision: "The gauge ot said railway tracks shall b? the same ns that of the ordinary street carriages ln use ln Ihe city of Richmond. in ordor to admit of the passage of such carriages upon the tramplato of said' railway." Vehicles must got out of the way of the cars and also must kec-p to the riRht in passlng a car, or clse pay the city a flne of J5. BY ARBITRATION. In tbls. tbe oarliest city leglsialion upon the subject. before the clty's lawmakors had proflted by experience. many prin cinles are admirably stated. lt may be Qucstioned whether somo parts of this paragraph upon the city secunng the property bv con'lcmnation at the expira tion of'the franchiso could be Improvcd upon in the light of thirty-threo years' experience: ln th" event of the oxpiration of a contract, if it is not renewed hy the city, "the Council shall have the right to take end shall take tho railways and fixturcs U__~to Iving wlthln the city. and tho lota nnd'bulldings thereon, and appur tenaneos owned by said company or cor? poration. and used ahd held as a part of its capital. and tho cars of said com? pany or corporation used upon its rail \\;ivs in the city: and the price to be paid therefor shall be flxed by arbitra tors, one of whom shall bo appolnted by the Council and the other shall be ap j-ointed by the said company or corpora? tion. ar.d lf they ahall fall to ngree by an umplre mutually agreed upon by lhe?o. "And in flxing the: prlce of the said property the same shall be valued as properly. to be used for the purpose for which H was provlded and ln its then plcco and condltlon; but tho valuo of tho privIJege of running passengrr cars in the streets of tho olty shall not be estl *nated as a part of tho valuo of said prope-rty." And the last sentenco of this paragT.iph was wrltten Just thlrty-three years be _cre tho very clear and compluta state ment of this proposition by Mr. Carlton McCarthy. AS TO TANATION. The following, as tho original position cf Richmond ln the matter of taxing street rallways, is of peculiar interest: "And the said company or corporatlon shall pay to the proper ofilcer of the city, in considerntion of tho privilego hereby granted, nnd in lieu of all charges by the city upon tho property anel capital stock of said company or corporation for taxes or assessments, 10 per centum of the net profits made by them upon the transportation of passengers withln the city limits. payable semi-annually from the time of the opening of the road to pubiic travol, and that the. aforesaid sum of 10 per cent. of the net profits shall be a preferred debt or claim against the road and property of said railway com? pany. Thoy shall also. before placing cars upon their road, pay Into tho ofiico Cf tho City Chamberlain, and annually thoreafter. for the uso of the city, the sum of S5 for oach anel every car in tended to run on said railwavs." OTHER PROA'ISIONS. Other provisions of tho ordinance are worthy of note: The company must era ploy "careful. sober, nnd pendent" con ductors and drivers, "and for the viola tion of any act of assembiy or ordinance of the city on tho part of such offioer or ofT/cers or employes upon said road. the company shall be liable to all fines. for feltures or damages therefrom." "And it shall not be lawful, without the consent of the company or corporation. to establish nny line of carriages, omni linses or other ve-hicles of any description whatever (other than tho e^irs of tho pro prietors of said railway) to bo run upon iho said railwavs for tlio purpose of car i\:ng passengers for pay or hire." "The company shall uso cars with suit able brakes thereto, and the cars shall be moved by horses or mules and there shall be not more than four horses or mules to a car." CUPID TALKS IN PHONOGRAPH Unique Method of Conducting Court ship?Results in a Speedy Marriage. Attracted to each other by a common love of art, their love messages exchanged by medium of phonograph cylineler, and married one week after seeing each other for tho first time?such is the rornantic story of Charlton A'. Howe and his bride, who have just returned from Columbus. O., to make their future home at No. 4922 AValton Avenue, this city, says the Phil? adelphia North American. Mr. Howo is an engrosser of policies for thei Fidelity Mutual Lifo Insurance Com? pany. ln March of last year he was cap tivated by a titlo page done in pen work for a Columbus publication. to which was appended tho name of Fanny Sargept. The young woman had gained a reputa? tion ln portrait and sccnlc work in water colors, a brief sketch within the pages stated, anel tho title pago was a new de parturo for her. No sex>ner had the publication been cir culated than Charles P. Zaner, the pub llsher received a requost from Howe, whom he knew for a letter of introduction to tho fair young artist. The novel use of the phonograph was suggested. and by this means the courtship ripened into love. Mr. Howo went to Columbus April 6th, and thero mot his llance. The following Saturday they wero married at tho home of Publlsher Zanor. "No, 1 did not propos? by phonograph," replled Mr. Howe, 'for fear tho cvlinder might be destroyod in tho mail. That I sent in a letter; it was too important. I have certainly found my Ideal in a unique manner." Ninth Annual Meeting to Be Held in Asheville. GREAT Y. M. C. A. MOVEMENT Many Distinguished Christian Workers to Address the Conference?Sched? ule of the Classes and Programme. The ninth annual Southern students cob ferencc of Young Men's Christian Associa tions, will bj helel this summer hi Ashe? ville. N. C. June 14th to 22nd. The Asheville school for boys has placed its beautiful bui'ldings and extensive grounds at the disposal of the exuift-rence. JEach morning addresses will bc given to strengthen the convictions of the stu? dents and to dcepen their spiritual liie. Among the speakers will be Mr. Robert E. Spccr, Secretary of the Presbyten'an Board ot" Foreign Missions; Rev. William F. McDowell, D. D., Secretary of the Methodist Boarel of Education: Rev. John Tlmothy Stone of the Brown Me? morial church, Baltimore; and Rev. R. G. Pearson, D. D., of Asheville, N. C. BIBLE CLASSES. Each day normal Bible classes will be conducted to tra;'n the students to be cbme Ieaders of Bible classes or groups in their institutions. Professor Edward I. Bosworth, of Oberlin College will lead a course in, "Studies in the Teaching of Jesus and His Apostles"; Mr. Charles F. Park, Jr., wi'll lead a course for pre paratbry school students in "Tho Life and AVorks of Jesus according to Mark": whilo special training in indiyidual work will be given by Mr. Don. O. She' ton. of New York. through studyibg "God's Methods of Training AVorkers." These student conferenccs which are heid in different parts of the country dur? ing the summer vacation constitute most infiucntial means of promoting earnest Christian living and active organized Civ.istian work among the students of the irstitutions of higher learning through o.jt the length and breadth of the land. The first of these meetings was held "six? teen years ago at Mount Herman, Mass., vpen the invitation of Mr. D. L. Moody and since then the number has grown to four, with a total attendance last year of over 1.40O college men. MISSIONARY INSTITUTE. A great part of the work is a misslon? ary institute. conducted each morning by secietaries of the Student Vatuntee move? ment for foreign missions. In tho arrangement for the conference, the matter of recreation has' not been ever looked, and in many ways this will be afforded. The location finds tennis eourts golf-links and swimming pools in con venicnt proximity. Very fayorable rail rc Pd rates have been secured, which will be an Inducement to Increase the at attendance. It is expected that between sixty and seyenty institutions will bo represehted. Derew Scatters Speeches. Senator Chauncey M. Depew probably sends out more copies of the speeches he makes in the Senate than any other mem? ber of that august body. The" junior Sena? tor from the Empire State makes an ex ceptiona'dy lino speech, which is almost as enjoyable in cold type as when heard fiowing from the eloquent lips of the fa mous New Yorker. There is always a heavy demand for his speeches. 100.000 copies of hls remarks on the Philippine hill last year being distributed. Senator De? pew ordered r?0,000 copies of his speech on the subsidy bill anel an equal number of copies of his witty defense of the American cow in connection with tho oleo margarine bill. The Senator's clerk takes down the New York State Red Book and goes through lt from cover to cover ad? dressing an envelope to every person named in it. This dlsposas of several thousand.?AVashington correapondenca of tho Brooklyn Eagle. NEW ATTRACTIONS EVERY NIGHT IN WEEK Surfeit of Amusements This Summer Will Add to the Pleasiires of the Stay-at Home Brigade?Some New Re sorts to Open. A COOK'S TOUR OF THE PLACES. Somewhere to go every night in the week, and Sunday, too, and for each night a different place, and each Veek new attractions is what awaits the stay at-home brigade in Richmond this sum? mer. It won't be Worth your time, or money, either, to go to the Nortliern pleasure resorts or the mounlain hotels, for hero at home there will be plenly to see, and twentieth century inventions are going to turn the heated zephyrs from James River Vailey into Texas blizzards. "Where shall T go to-nlght?" wlll be relegated to the past in one sense and in tho other will be an appeal for some r.cighbor to help the weary, hcat-wotn citizen to select one of tho many cool and invigorating spots that will be so nu merous here this summer. It is rcfresh ing to think of them and better still to know they will be; no myth about them. TOUR FOR A WEEK. If you were to employ a man from Cook's to pilot you around Richmond some week in July he -would sit down and probably trace on his map a turn something like this: Monday?Giffen Comedy Company at the Academy. Tuesday?Caslno at the Reservoir. Wednesday?Switchback, Baths and Rathskollcr at tho Reservoir. Thursday?Rido to Westhampton Park, about six milcs. Friday-^Iaunt down to West Point; plenty of sights to see. Saturdav night and Sunday?A short stay at Old Point. Ocean View or Buck roo Beach: the latter placo if you are in need of rest. That is just ono of the tours Cook's man could make, but it is not all by a winning stretch. Thoro will be the band in the parks; iForest Hill 'Park is being beautified and along the line of the electric road to Petersburg there is much to be seen. The road traverses a stretch of pretty rolling country and at several points there aro parks and places of amuscment. Thero is no doubt that this will becomo a popular ride. It re nuires over two hours to make the round trip of about fifty miles and the cost is vory slight. I.akesido Park will be open and will certainly attract a number of people. The ride is one of the pretticst in the vi oinity. NEW WESTHAMPTON PARK. Westhampton Park is really the only new resort to open. The park is beau tifully situated ovcrlG'oking tho vailey of James River and has great groves of shade trecs which mako it an ideal pic? nic ground. The place is reached by a branch of the Richmond Traction Com pany's lines about six miles long. It is nearly an air-line and admits of a fast schedule. There is no prospcct of the auditorium. whero va.udevillc in a po'.ite form was flrst introduced to the R.chmund pub..c by Manager Leath, being in the race .or piitronage. The next aclvent of the h'.s toric resort will bo as tho homo of the Horse Show next fall. CONCERTS IN THE PARKS. lardella has secured the contract for tho music in tho parks and ho is now busy securing men and engaging them in rehearsals of the music for the long season. The concerts are one of the de Hghts of voung Richmnoders, and tho poor children who havo no chance of leaving tho city. eagerly await _ie day when the band plays in the park near est their homes. Manager Giffen is . going to have in stalled in the Academy the very latest nnparatus for cooling the air inside the buiiding. The companv is in for a long run, reach ing far into tho summer. and Mr. Giffen apprcciates tlie fact that he must pro vide all tho comforts possible for his patrons. Manager Wclls has a large forco of men at work upon the. Casino arransing the sides with glass panels, so that in cool weather the interior of the pavllion will be as eomt'ortable as when the mcrcurv is dancintr around the 100 point. The Casino will be opened the latter part of next month and possibly . njoy the longcst run in its history, as during tho interim between scasons the Bijou Theatre will be rcbuilt and the Ca? sino will bo used for tho 'Bijou attrac? tions. Manager Wells intends to play combinations and vav.deville at the re? sort, with possihly an opera company. Tho Bijou Coraedy Company on their r.nurn from Atlanta will find a home for awhile nt the Casino. AT THE NATATORIUM. Over at the Natatorium tne hum of the hammer is almost ns dSSi'ehing as at the shipyard3. One of the largest and longest switch backs in America is going up. and when it is flnished it will furnish exclting sport on a summer's night. The balhing pool has been thoroughly clcaned and re paired, while tho number of dressing rconis has been doublcd. This was one of the most popular resorts last summer, and this year, with the attractions so much greatcr. it should cciipse all rccoreU Ono attraction that has long been wanted in Richmond is the Rothskeller, where nice viands and seasonablo dainf.es can bo had. An orchestra wdl be employed in tho building. _ AVEST POINT OUTIisG. Beach Park, at West Point, will be open again this summer. and other resorts in the town will make it a miniature At? lantic City. It is a short ride from the city, and the plcasures when you get there are multiple. Returning is not verv tiresome. Araudeville will be a new ailraction at the' resort next summer. The meteoric. career of Forest Hill is sUll remembered by many who enjoyed tho shows and the menageric at the park somo vears ago. During the past winter tho car line to the resort has been im? proved, and it is likely that with anane quato car service the popularity of the park will bo revived. There are many cosy nooks and lovers* lanes in the dells that follow the pretty stream. in the park. on its course to the river. and the rustic scenery affords beautiful snapshots for cr.mera fiends. Th?S season at all the outdoor resorts will commence about June l^.The Casino will onen earlier. ar.d the Giffen Oom panv is already busy playing to capacity at tho Academy of Music. Another Confederate Horrie. At a recent largely-attended meeting Camp Falkner. Confederate Arolorans of Montgomerv, Ala., took the initial stops ? for the building of a Confededate home. Captain Jefferson Falkner, in whese honor the camp is named, agreed to give forty acres of land and as much more as might be needed a few miles north of Montgomery. Committces wero appoint? ed to push the enterprise.' The home will bc the first institution ? of tho soit in the State of Alaabma._ Knew by the Description. It happened during an outlng in th^ woods. Tho two men had met accidentally, and. naturally. there was nothine in the raiment of either to betray his caling or his station in life. "Do you take these outings often?" ask? ed one. "No," was" the reply. "I can't afford it. I only get a small salary, which is paid irregularly, and 1 am expected to keep open house all the time." "Oh," returned the first, promptly, "you are a minister of tho gospel, too. are you?" Then their hands met in one sympathe tic fraternal grasp.?Brooklyn Eagle. Tone Business Success. If the business man be wise he puts all his eggs in one b.isket, and then watdb.es that baskst. If ho is a merchant in coffee, he attends to coffee; if a mer? chant fn sugar, he attends to sugar and lt-ts coffeo alone, and enly mixes then/ when hc drinks his coffee with sugar in it. lf ha mine coal and sell it, he attends to the black diamonds; if he own and salls shl'ps, he attends to shipping. and he ceases to insuro his own ship just as ?oon as he has surplus capital and can stand the loss of one without impeir lling soir/ency; if he manufacture steel, he sticks to steel, and sevcre'.y lets copper alono; l'f he mlne ironstone, h3 sticus to that, and avoids every other kind of miing, silver and gold-mining especially. This is because a man can thoroughly master only one business, and only an able man can do this. I have never yet rcet The man who' fully undorstood two different kr'ads of business; you cannot find him any sooner than you can find a man who thlnks in two Ianguagcs equally and does not invariably think only in one. riubdivision, specialization, is the order of the day.?From Andrew Carr.egie's 'Tho Empire of Business." Wealth and Its Uses. It Is the fashion nowadays to bewail poverty as an evil, to pity tho young man who is not born with a silver spoon in his mouth; but I heartily subscribe to President Ganield's doctrine that "The ricbest h'eritage a young man can be born to is poverty." I make no idle prcdiction when I say that it is from that class from whom the good and the great will spring. It is not from the sons of the mlllionaire or the noble that the world reeeives its teachers, its mar tyrs, its inventors, its statesmen, its pocts, or even its men of affairs. lt ls from the cottage of the poor that all theso spring. We can scarcelv read one among the few "immortal names that were not born to die." or who has ren? dered exceptional servlco to our race who had not the advantage of being cradled, nursed and_reared in tho stimu latmg school of poverty. There is noth? ing so enervating. nothlnp so deadly in its effects upon tho qualities which "lead to tho highest achievemtnt. moral or in tellectual, as hereditary wealth. And if there be among you a young man who K;els that he is not compelted to exort himseli. in order to earn and live from his own eitorts I tender him my profound sympathy. Should such a one prove an exception to his fellows, and become a Cltizen living a life creditable to himse'f and useful to the State. instead of my protound sympathy I bow before him wlth profound reverence; for one who overcomes the soductive temptations which surrouncl hereditary wealth'fe ? ^?,,'Sa,lt of the earth." nnd cntitlcd to doubio honor. What a Block is. Whatis a block? In tho tftlk of New de?notPn Wrr? ^?mp, most commonlv to ifS2J?-iai ^stance^-thenstretch of "one street lying between two intersectimj streets, or, north and south, in the nura wTecl S.Lreot^' tho twentieth of a mI? fiS-^r-^ftaS86 haS nny other^m?an: ing. real estate men. at all c-vents feel constrained to qualify it bv the boubda SS SSSAgggg&S h&fk ptecise meaning to bo attachcrt to the uKu *enio7hIt^ ce,rtain a'stricK L?oon^rXm-4on0nvr^no/^ law',a lished in nny^lock^Tth.ur^o^consen ?n atnb^^,tyTLf *? r?vX--oTnlnrl rally 'choo^'to TnlVnT^lho^^ natU" expression of rii= .,3 ? ( w1rd as ?? had obtained tho consen , f When .they of tho Propertv-owncrs on P^wmaii0r,ty that portieii of the str?p- lilSr S1(le o? intcrsecting streets nn ,[, uet^.een tu'? posecl to open \fb the-? n^V?h Vloy ')r? dono all that th* i^;Profes,sed to ha-ve tects' ?i^&^i^!^r'^^l ?PWen".Rule for Too EthereXwdmah tho Commercill Adv^VsrhUOn' atlViSeS bread be brown, br gxten ?? ..SV^ between ?&&<?* ^^^ *??? possible rest for ten minutes S^aHe" Spend one- whole day in bed each month s eepmg as much of the day SSS lhe only true way to rest is to ie dovn think of nothlng. Even five minuWv.f such rest is valuable; the musdSrthe face relax, and one does not got a fiard set look. which. adds many years to tK appearance. 'c Tako time to eat your meals. Tf Von have not time to get a meal leisurViv go without it, as it will not injure ybu a quaxter as much as it will to eat in a If Man Could Rule. If man could rule, his love of change would mar . The purple dignity that wraps the hius Pluck out from the blue sky some per^ feet star, l And set it elsewhere, as his fancy wills; Train * the gnarled apple trea more straightly up; Li?bowed-1 '. h?ad' S? l0n? and meekl>" With some new odor fill her purple cup And glld the rosy fringes of a cloud! For, mark! Last year I loved the violct best, 3 And tied her tender colors in my hair To-day I wear on my inconstant breast A crimson rose, and count her just a= fair. We are unfaithful. Only God Is true lo hold secure the landmarks of the past; To paint year after year the harebell blue And in the same sweet mould its shape to east. O steadfast Nature, let us learn of thee! Thou canst create a new flower at thy will, And yet. through all the years canst faithful be To the sweet pattern of a daffodll. ?May Riley Smith. THIS WEEK ?-2_* -! A PE__FECTI_Y FAULTLESS COMPLEXION GUARANTEED ?f* i A Svire Cure for Pimples. Freckles, Bl*_ckhe*ds. M?*W ioiliness and a.11" Dise_se_ &nd Tro \ible_ of tho ___ipl?____j The crowning glory of tho face Ia a faulttcss. clear. t__u_tal complexlon. with ita _____ glow. its vouthful tiuge, and ita fine, smooth texture. But the question is, can such a complexlon be attalned 7 ?___ ______ ,>. ln this wonderfultv pm?rv?ive age of art Iitemture and ?*lcnee; of the _ea_ engine, toa mightv cannon. the electric motor. tho wtreiess tclegrapU and the ponderous fabrfc-___ng inachines: what is there that is tropossible? _,__? ?_?__,?, i? n_ Bya careful study of the nature and texture of the skln. and a thorough rescarch m uia renlmsof chemistry und compounding of lngredients. a remedy has been at last pertectea u_l will accomplish these rcsults. - ._ ___k4??-?! Ubis remedy /_ Mme. A. 'Ruppert'^s Face "Bleach. ?*-? | WHAT FACE BLEACH IS Faco Bleach is not a cosmetic to cover np. bnt II absoTutVly remov_ ouce audTorevec all ihe dlscolomtfoas and b'cmishes to which the compTe-loal is subject. I can positively guarantee every woman it will do all I claim. Its actiou on the skinj cannot fail to remove every defe'et, as it dmws out the impurities and diacolorations which na7?4 nccumulated in the underskio. and gradually and imperceptibly scalesofT. conforroably to natur* (in the form of an exceedingly line dandruff). a sliglic surface of the oater diseased or deadl cuticle. removing the dead cells of the skin which clog the rores. allowing Uie impurttles whlcbJ are thrown oil bv the blood. to escape. leaving the nnder stin-beaatiful. yotitbful-ooking andl delicatcly tinted" by nature?clear. smooth an.l perfect; it tom- up the nerves and gland* of the. .Skin. rcstoring them to a healthy action. mn-ing them do their proper functioai in throwlng ofll 'the impurities. which have collected in these glands. ?._.__?i Thl3 action of Face Bleach harmonizes with tlie laws of nature and hygfene. the two iac?_* which we must adhere to and follow, if we wish to iroprove perraanentl v our nersonal appcaraaceJ Face bleach. if used accordintr to the new specinl directious which accomp-uy eucn _>?"? will not make the skin noticeably rough at all. and uo one will know you are using it, nor wlll ift cause any disngreeahle sensation after application. ..... ?#? , ._ . .___ Many have endeavored to imitate tho action of Face Bleach. but they all fnll In tnat Jney ernploy Acids or Chlorides of Sodium or Fot.a_.ium. wbich insteRd of drawiug out the i_pn__e_ and discolorations, as my Face Bleach does, drives them back. into tbe system. only to re-app__> joon again ina worse form. . .1 THOUSAMDS BENEFITED. Thousands of patron?. who were annoyed and vexeA withmostmlserable coraplexions, have been delighted with the grand improTeraent MADAMB. IIUPPERT'S FACE BLEACH has produced in their skin?. Many complexion? covered with; and thoso muddy, dtsfigurinc. sallow. j:iundiced skins are quickly transformed Into clear.i wholesome ones by its use. Flabby ekins?which al>o mark the ravages of time?become nrrai ahd smooth after a few applications. Skin troubles which havo baiued the most sklliulj phys'cians have been removed and cured rromptly. and many- have e_prcs?ed. personally andi Ly letter, their heartfels aud profonndest thanks for this wonderful Face Bleach. > lf your skin contains anv Impurities. you should procure MADAMh _LPP_RTS FACE, BLEACH at once nnd clear v'our complexlon; for. if tho impurities remaln too long in the skln.i they injiire the net work and leave scars. pits and enlarged porcs-and if the net work of the4 skui is iniurod. these disGgurinR blcraishes cannot be entirely eradicated, and the Ionger tbesel impurities remain in the skin the worse the camplexiou becomes; hence, if. is most important that you attend to this matter as soon as pocsible. "'",'_?_"__ J In most cases the efTects of Face P.leach are much Improved when nccompanied by tha u?e of! iher Egyptian Balm. an<i in order that our patrons may have an opportunity to use the FaceJ Bleacn together with Baim. according to thn new special directious. and at a moderate coat j we will give complimentarv ? trial jar of the Egyptfan Balm wlth every order for a bottle offj 'Face Bleach. We make this liberal o'.Ter la ordtr tiiat every patroa iaay obtaia the very b_r results from tbe u;e_of_Facp Bleach. _5ol?_ Agents. * NNUAE STATEMENT FOR THK YEAR KN:i>i N?\ P ?: . J- Mt: ,R t. ^.?rf?f A. CONDITION AND AFFAIRS OF THE AVESTCHl-ISI BR I- IRK J-NM. ?? v?l? COMPANY OF NEW YORK. ORGANIZED UNDER TIE LAWS ol-THE JTATEj ->p _ IUPE TO THE AI'DITOR OF PTJBL1C AC< OT Mh OF THU ?OMMONWEALTH'OFf^GINL^PURSIJANCE TOTHE LAWS OF VIRGINIA, President?GEORGE R. CRAWFORD. Secretary?MORELL o. BROAVN. ,.5 , Principal Offiee-W WALL STREET. NEW YORK. Incorporated as MUTUAL COMPANY. MARCH 14. 1S3T- i Commenced business as a JOINT STOCK COMPANY. JANUARY 1. 1S.0. CAPITAL. r>iin<imnfl Amount of capital stock subscribed. SSSS Amount of capital stock paid up in cash.IW.UW Ul ASSETS ?eft-9ftKi ATalue of real estate owned by tho company..... ,-tV'!n-' -a Loans on mortgage; first liens on the fee simple. aw.tji *i Interest due on all said mortgage loans. Ks''-2."7; interest accrueel thereon. ?----, ,., int ?>.? .? lU,-oo u '"' ?? '. .bonds' and' stocks owned' by' the' company. V-.'.r Market Description. ? Yll!l1?; nn * Y^JiSTin Now York city bonds. 5 3W.00O 00 $ Sb.OOO 00 United States consols bonds.. W.OOO f-0 t...200 w Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad bonds. ...i.ini ii> :''??*> "> Missburi, Kansas & Texas Railroad bonds. c"""?.,^ -?"-?'.,* '''\ New Rbchelle, N. Y.. bonds. ? ??'?""" "> ,"! T" ." Ricbmona, Ara? city bonds. ix'UX iS. ..--!,.?> New York and Harlem Railroad Co. stock. ',"?"".''"1 "S*2K iS. Albahy & Susquehanna Railroad Co. stock. AOj?JiL, ,r- m, ^ Rehsselaer & Saratoga Railroad Co. stock... . oOJWO 00 MWM0 00 New York. Lack. & Western R. R. Co. stock. SO.000 00 108,000 OO Rome Watertown & Ogdensburg R. R. Co. stock.... &0.000 00 ~'2S2 2a Oswfft & Svracuse R. R. Co. stock. 20.00000 45.00V 00 Chfcalro ^ No'rth western R. R. Co. stock.. ???&*>*> TOW00 00 Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul R. R. Co. stock.... H0.00?00 184.000 00 IJ-.>i.,J.-lv-anin P R Co stock . oO.OOO (*> ?a.JBU 00 S ^ a t.i&'VYRRCo stock.... 50;000 00 HK.-.0O Ofl N YCentral& Hudson River R. R. Co. stock. 50,000 00 ?.OO0 00 Delawan ? Hudson Co. stock. sn.ooom 35.500 00 Western Union Telcgraph Co. stock. MMW00 KJHWOp Chatham National Bank stock. ?'?'"?'" '"' ' '?-'? w T?tketPaJab^ m"k!t.V"h::.^!:ri"rt.O"^at.^ar:?l.C0l.^ 00 $1,856,720 00 ftRIS <* Cash belonging to tlie company in bank. 328,363 93 Gross premiums in course of collection. not more; than three months due, les3 cost of collection.?_*''?*'" ?* The gross amount of all the assets of tho company. $^.153,443 t? Dcduct for real estato deprcclation .?_-'? ^ \~srresate amount of all assets of tho company, stated at their actual value.,. $3Ja3JT8 CT LIABILITIES. Gross claims for adjusted and unpaid losses to t.erome due.$44.004 86 Gross losses in process of adjustment or in suspense. InCluding all reported and supposed losse>s. lw.436 64 Losses resisted, lncludlng interest, costs and other cxpenses thereon.? "???'?OOO Total erross aount of claims: for losses. $222.2:>l A) Deduct reinsurance thereon.- -'??-' -1 Net amount of unpaid losses.5 17S.017 H Gross premiums (less reinsurance) received and receivaWe upon ail unexpired fire risks running ono year or less from date of policy. including interest. premiums on perpetual fire- risks, ?1-Vt! OS'i'TS; unearned premiums (flfty per cent.). .ywi.543 ?3 Gro'=s premiums (less reinsurance) received and receivable upon ail unexpired tlre risks running more than one year from dato of policy, 51,633,6(6 70; unearned premiums (pro rata). S?.?,30o 70 Total unearned premiums as computed above. I1.4S7.449 O Total amount of all Ilabiltties,except capital stock and net surplus.. $1,665,366 23 joint stock capital actually paid up in cash. ?3$&5$?? Dfvisible surplus. USC.8L.25 Aggregate amount of all liabilities Including paid up capital .stock and net surplus. RECEIPTS DURING THE YEAR. Firo. Gross premiums and bills unpaid at close of last year.$ 27"._t70 71 Deduct amount of samo not collected. -.<&0 w Net coilected.-.?.----?:.....5 272.630 74 Gross premiums on risks written and renewed dunn? the year. -'"?'"''*" T()t.._ .$2',65S,603 88 Deduct ' gross" "premiums and bills ln course of collection at thia date-. $53533.78 it 2i:;.r^6 68 Entire premiums collected during the* year...$?427,287 22 Deduct reinsurance, rebate, abatement and return premiums..^ 536,331 U Net cash actually received for premiums..,.$1,?M._)47 Ot Received for interest on mortgages....'-?????;.;-;-""i'. 2"'<?; '15 Recbrved for interest and dlvldends and stocks and bonds. ^S?2 Income received from all other sources?viz.: Ren^s;.......,. I??*2 1'rotit on sale or maturity of ledger assets over bock values. 2h3,p32 67 Aggregate amount of receipts actually received during the ycar?^??_ in cash. g,Sg.(CT,8g DISBURSEMENTS DURING THE YEAR. Fire. Gro=s amount paid for losses (including JU?,762.S0 losses occur- ?_ inK in previous years).?.?. $l.-yj.i04 SO Deeluct all amounts actually received for salvaco on losses of thn- last or of previous years, J3.1S1.31. and for reinsurance in'other companies, $143,919.0fT. Total deduction. UCIOO 3S Net amount paid during the year for losses. J1.103.6M 4 Cash dividends actually paid stockholders during the year. ?t.om 00 Paid for commission or brokerage.; 422,825 58 Paid for salaries, fees or other charges of officers, clerKs, agents ana all other iemplbyes. 11S.213 61 Paid for State and local taxes in this anel Other States. 46.S10 t>7 All otber payments and expenditures. 170.66143 Aggregate amount of actual disbursements during the year ln cash-$1.910,115 68 BUSINESS IN THE STATE OF VIRGINIA DCRING THE YEAR. Fire. Risks written.$1,531,753 0? Premiums received (gros&.r. _5,608 1| Losses paid. . ;?.?_> 7f Losses lncurrcd. -4.233 H. (Sicned) GEO. R. CRAWFORD. President. (Signed.) M. O. BROWN. Secretary. State of New York; County of New York?ss: Subscribed anel sworn to January IS. 10<'i2. before EDWIN F. COREY. Commlssloner. JDLIDS STRAH SON, Agents, 1004 East Main Street.