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wwtmimm&stàm ümS ä tim n»i i « «Éi ifiiii ii ft i ftiiin Gazette. Magnolia /? «M SUBSCRIPTION PRICE. $a.«o PI RM \R, D. M. HUFF, Editor and Publisher. PUBLISHED TWICE-A-WEEK. N MAGNOLIA, PIKE COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI; WEDNESDAY, JUNE 7. 1890 VOL. XXII. to is MILLIONS IN MILLS. SOUTHERN SPINDLES MULTIPLYING IN EVERY SECTION. Numerous Cotton Mills Are Be ing Constructed. The special correspondent of the New Orleans States, writing from Baltimore under date of June 1st, 1899, says: The cotton mills now under construction in the South and those for which capital has been raised will cost more than 820,000,000, and add morejthan 1,000,000 Bpindles to the number now in operation in the South. It is a most signifi cant fact that most of these new mills are to be built by men of ample capital and broad experi ence. In the Carolinas such pre-eminently successful mill men as Ellison A. Smyth, of the Pelzer mill, James L. Orr, of the Piedmont, and W. B. Smith Whaley, of the Richland and others are preparing to build new mills to cost from $400,000 to 81, 500.000 each. The Merrimac Company, of Lowell, Mass., tel egraphs the Manufacturers' Rec ord that it has definitely decided to locate its new mill at Hunts ville, where 200.000 spindles will have a full complement of auxili ary looms, a bleachery and dye works. It is estimated that the coming of these mills to Hunts ville will mean a direct support for 15,000 persons. Already plans are on foot for the location of other industries at Huntsville, including a tinwaro factory and steel foundry, which will tend to increase still iurther the industri al population of the city. Among the other textile an nouncements of the week are a new mill at Griffing, Ga., with 5.000 spitidles ; a doubling of the equipment 10,000 spindles and 350 looms of the Arkwright Club of Sportanburg, 8, C.; a 8150, 000 mill at Kllisville, Miss., S50, 000 having already been sub scribed ; a 5,000 spindle combed yarn mill at Gastonia, N. C.; a $7,000 knitting mill at Corinth, Miss. During the past year new plants added to the Birmingham district and improvements attending their coming represent oetween 83, 000,000 and 85,000,000. The year's history illustrates how the building of a furnace or a mill in » a town tends to attract to that lo cality allied industries around which are soon grouped a num ber of minor ones. Some of the cities of Southwest Virginia may be expected to fexperience similar effects from the re-awakened in terest in mining and manufactur ing in that section. Additions are being made by the Virginia Coal, Iron and Coke Company to ' the Crozer furnaces in Roanoke, Va., and it is said that the ca pacity of the Bristol'furnace will be increased to 400 tons of pig iron a day. The Roanoke corre . spondent of the Manufacturers' Record, alluding to what he re gards as practically inexhaustible iron ore deposits in that section, writes that—"With the present demand for iron and steel and other products there is no reason why other furnaces should not be built along the line of the Norfolk and Western Railroad, and I think they will be built if the iron market shall continue as now when there is a net profit in the prices of pig iton sufficient to gratify the largest desires. " At Huntington, W. Va., there is a decided air of improvement. Contributing to this was the in troduction of natural gas into the city from the Warfield, Ky., field, about forty miles distant. The supply is abundant, and al ready a large percentage of the business houses and many of the residences are using the gas for lighting and heating purposes. New buildings and new machin ery have been added to the car works and the railway shops; there is not an idle plant among the smaller factories, while some of them have not been able to catch up with their orders, and two large glass plants which have been idle for several years, will, it is stated, soon be in op- ! eration again. There are more! men employed today in the fac-j tories of the city than ever before j and with the building of £ rail- ! road along the Guandotte river j to the Virginia State Line, pass- j ing through the Pocahontas coal region, now almost an assured fact, additional activity is ex pected. In the past six months theie have been wonderful changes at Wilmington, N. C., which is at present busy with new buildings, including cotton mills, a Masonic temple, newspaper office^ busi ness houses and dwellings. At Columbia, S. C., plans are on foot to build a 8100,000 hotel, while a company has been organ ized to build there the largest cotton mill in the South. Fort Smith, Ark., is expecting much from the completion of a railroad from St. Louis to that point. It is already in operation to Hunter, Mo., by way of Cape Girardeay, and will, if completed, pass through the lead and zinc belt of Northern Arkansas, and the coal area around Fort Smith. The most important new enter prises announced during the week by the Manufacturers' Rec ord were: 81,000,000 land and mining oompany in Alabama; $30,000 oil mill, 820,000 hay press com pany, 81.000,000 zinc mining company in Arkansas; 810,000 water works in Florida; 820,000 ice factory, 5,000 spindle cotton mill, 50 ton cotton oil mill, 815, 000 cotton oil mill, 820,000 knit ting mill in Georgia; 40-barrol flour mill, 810,000 hardwarocom pany in Kentucky; 84,500 ice factory, 10,000 spindle mill in Louisiana; 815,000 furniture fac tory, 8225,000 coal elevators, terminals, etc., in Maryland; 60 ton cotton oil mill, 885,000 cotton mill company, 875,000 cotton oil mill company, S50.000 cotton oil company in Mississippi; 10,000 spindle cotton mill, 825,000 car riage factory, 835,000 cotton mill, 40 barrel flour mill, 835,000 cot ton mill, 5,000 spindle cotton mill in North Carolina; 10.000 spindle, 350 loom cotton factory addition, 812,000 cotton oil mill in South Carolina; 850,000 glass factory, 50-barrel flour mill in Tennessee; 8100,000 steamship company, 850,000 packing com pany, 8200,010 brick works com pany in Texas; 85,000 steam laundry, S5.000 telephone com pany, 825,000 brick works in Vir ginia; 810,000 oil well company, 8150,000 telephone company in West Virginia. al All be ers it of to to ti, a » to be I to the the for car to I the State, TIMELY LETTER. Editor Gazette: Your corre spondent "* * *" in a late num ber of the G.azette, introduces a very important matter for the consideration of every voter wno owns land in Pike county. That is, for the voters to vote for a competent man to fill the office of county surveyor. Such officer should be qualified, when em ployed, to give every owner a correct plat of his lands. The original survey of our lands, as recorded in the U. S. Land office, is the legal basis of subsequent surveys. The county surveyor should be competent to find the original corners, else his work is of no good, and calculated to fruit litigation and crime. Many lives have been lost and thous ands of dollars expended, in dis putes over land lines run by in competent surveyors. There is a law on our statutes requiring the board of supervisors to estab lish the true meridian at the court house as a basis of all sur veys. Four-fifths, if not all, land owners favor the establish ment of such meridian. Like county superintendents of education, candidates for sur veyor should undergo examina tion as to competency. We all want to know our "metes and bounds," or in other words "where we are at. ' ' In the coming election the voter should consider competence to perform the duties of the office sought by the candidate as para mount to all other qualifications. "Men, high-minded men who know their duties, and knowing, dare perform," such constitute Yours, J. F. Slade. senator noei., a Editor Clarion Ledger: hour issue of 27th inst. contains a crit icism of the pending constitution al amendment, relating to elec live judiciary. You present ob- ot S , * / jectiona and generously open your columns for a response. As the e author of that amendment, I avail myself of your kind invitation, All that its friends ask is a fair , opportunity of meeting, before the people, whatever objections may be urged. The proposed amendment, in brief, makes all judges and chan . . cellors elective, fixing terms of j supreme judges i.it eight, and oth ers at four years, leaving to leg* islative determination, as is now the case with other elective offices, the filling of unexpired terms, and also the fixing of the date of judicial elections; and requiring it to provide for party nominations of judges by districts. All are to be elected, as far as practica ble, in the same manner as are governors; and, except, in the elections to fill vacancies, as nearly one-half of supremo judge8 as is practicable are to be chosen at each judicial election, which practicability moans, and can only mean, one at one eleo tion and two at die next, or vice versa. The terms of all circuit judges and chancellors can be ended, as provided, when the legislature puts the amendment into operation, or at any future date it may determine. The pre ont stipreme judges are to servo out their appointed terms, ssors are, of course, to be chosen at the judicial elec ti, ;i preceding the expiration of their respective terms. Judicial ele tions are to bo held every four years, at the same time with the state, or either of the federal eleoiions or at a different time, as the legislature may determine, This is the only reasonable con struction, and'is the one I gave when, seeking suggestions, J submitted the amendment to the governor, supreme judges and the majority of thel egislators before its adoption, when, by speech or silence, they concurred in that construction. Nearly all, if not all, the objections now being urg ed, were afterwards raised by those who, in reality, oppose the elective principle; and would op pose it, whatever form it might take. A largo majority of the people favor electing judges, I am sure, There can be no reas onable expectation of its defeat, except by getting votes from its friends by dividing them up over details. Its advocates are called on to meet its enemies on this in sidious line. These enemies, while comprising some excellent men who entertain a lower esti mate of the honesty and common sense of a majority of voters when directed to the selection of judges, for whose short-comings they must suffer, than that of one of their own number who happens to be governor, also embrace practically all those who side with corporations and capital, as against the people in political is sues, and want a judiciary wide ly removed from the masses, in sympathy and in responsibility; and likewise include those poli ticians who have more confidence in their ability to obtain office from one man, than from the whole people. These classes are not open to conviction, nor will ing, as you are, to present and consider both sides. Coming to the objections, the chief one, that different amend ments are embodied in one, was passed on recently in Louisiana and two other states, having con stitutional requirements similar to ours, and was overruled. Part of those litigated amendments embraced questions and offices much more numerous and diverse than the one we are now consid ering, as a reading of those cases will attest. All the courts held ELECTIVE JUDICIARY. AUTHOR OK THE RESOLUTION, DEFENDS THE PRO POSED AMENDMENT. Reply to Criticisms of tho .lack son Clarion-Lodger. that as long as then connection, however remote, bo- j tween the different provisions in tile amendment and the ultimate object sought, being, in this case, a change from the appointive to the elective syst >in, the amend ment would bo upheld, the Wis consin supreme court commend ing this form of submission, say ing, otherwise, the defeat of a part of a common purpose might defeat, or make an absurdity of, ths whole. Some prefer, it is true, that the terms of judges should be six, ot l*- r « eight, wn. or twelve years, and still others want part of the judge8 t , loettK) . anJ pttrt «ppoint e d. All could not be exactly suited by any series of amend ments. No importantreform was ever effected without mutual con cessions of its friends. Before the same legislature, at the 1896 session. Col. Falkner and I made vain efforts along the lines now suggested by the opponents of this •'»endmont. lie introduced one amendment, making circuit j u jg P8 and chancellors elective, by districts; and I, another, making supreme judges elective by the state. Both failed, as like measures have done often, pro viously. The standing argument, effectually used then and before, that the lawless and negro ele ments would combine and occa sion.illy elect a judge, was up rooted by the prosent amendment, which, while upholding the doc trine of local self government, avoids the wire pulling and tra ding of state conventions, by giv **jg to the white people of each district the right to name its can didate, whose election is assured by being passed on by the voters °f-4hc whole state, under every guarantee afforded for Htate of ß* crs - ff we could not carry the 9l ate, all the judges would be lost under either system. ThiB is no now departure. Bresicienl|i a I district electors are nominated by districts and elected by the whole state. They have ui wa >' a been t,uo to tbe "; tru8t - Tho voters of each district can, without knowing the candidates of other districts, safely rely upon thoir parly brethren of every other district to name suitable candidates toserve themselves, If, in order to separate judicial nominations from local politics and possible combinations, there being now no laws justifying fed eral interference in elections, it should be determined to have ju dicial elections on one of the years of federal elections, then a judge would be elected about fourteen months before the corn mencement of his term. As all, except those who succeed them selves, are taken from practicing lawyers, it would afford these an opportunity to close up iheir pending legal business, without the inconveniences which this sometimes causes. The first reg ular session of congress com mencos about thirteen months af tor the members are elected. U. S. senators are sometimes elect ed about two or three years bo fore tho commencement of their term. If the Judicial election should be held in 1900, terms of circuit judges and chancellors would commence in January, 1802; and if, in 1903, then with state officers elected at the same time. In either event, supreme judges could be elected to fill out the terms that would expire be fore the next election, if tho election was held in 1903, all three of the supreme judges could be then elected, two taking office in January, 1904, with terms of eight years from that date; and one to succeed Judge Terrai with a term expiring January, 1907. After the broken terms are filled out, terms of supreme judges would commence with those of other judges elected at the same time, extending twice as long, Section 177 of the constitution, giving governors power to fill ju dicial vacancies until the next session of the senate, is neceasa rily annulled by that provision of the pending amendment which authorized the legislature to pro vide for filling vacancies. If not, judicial vacancies could be filled under it as all others are now. If the legislature failed to provide for filling judicial vacancies, oc curring between the time the amendment was put into opera tion and the elected judges qual any ■as 1 :o*al» ABSOLUTELY PURE Makes tho food more delicious and wholesome ify, the governor would fill them j under Section 103 of the oonsti- > t or tomorrow. to The supposition that the legis lature did not give proper con- j sidération to the amendment, is erroneous. The senate and house j each devoted about two sittings to its iisoussion. Each voted for it overwhelmingly, on three sep orate days, after hearing argil ments against it from such able lawyers as Senators Trigg, Smith, Wells and Lewonthnl and Repre* sentatives Thomas, Anderson and Russtll, none of whom'contended tution. Tito would convince a man, favoring tho amendment, to vote to kill it upon the ground that the courts otherwise might do so, would, if followed out, cause him to kill himself today because ho could not know but what ho would die courso of reasoning that ... .. ., , ... , that it would be invalid if ratified I at tho polls. In the senate, the j first vote stood 30 to 7, and Etc ; last 30 to 5. In the house, the first vote was 93 to 16, the last 91 to 13. The effort to remove temptation to use judicial positions for the advancement of political interests by making governors ineligible to succeed themselves, is a failure. When governors seek other posi tions, the same evil exists. Their aspirations are nearly always supported by tho friends and counties of judicial appointees, where prospects are in the least hopeful. Appointments do not remove the judiciary from poli tics, merely causing its opera tions to take more insidious forms. Tho desire to obtain or retain of fice is up strong under one system 1 ' as tho other. The judges and , their friendH naturally desire and seek the election of a governor! favorable \o themselves. By j coming to a common understand-1 ing, they could exercise a power- ; ful influence in most gubernato rial contests. Through tho ap- , pointive power, governors cun control, for administration mens ures, a considerable legislative vote, as every observant legisla tor knows. The action and roac tion caused through judicial ap poinlments is destructive of tho independence that should exist between the legislative, executive and judicial department of our i government. j Judges perform most functions: in public, often in tho presence ! of an interested throng, and near-1 ly always aided by professional brethren,, more or less ' 'learned in tho law,'' who, from opposing . standpoints, assist in avoiding 1 and correcting errors. Their merits and demerits are more ; closely scanned and more widely j known than those of any other \ officials. Consequently, electors ! have a more accurate basis of so lection. If dependence on the people lowers a judge, it will lower any other officer, and pop ular government is a failure. On the contrary, an elective officer, capable and faithful, deserving and receiving the approval of those he serves, is much more in dependent than an appointee, whose tenure depends upon the personal good will of one man. Of forty-five states, there is only, I think, about half a dozen that do not elect judges. Missis sippi, in 1836, set tho elective lead. The illustrious careers of Judges Sharkey, Yerger, and others forever refute the assertion that dependence on popular suf frage lowers the judicial standard. The legal ability of Judges Wiley P. Harris and J. A. P. Campbell was recognized by the people in their early manhood, and won for them judicial honors, richly de served. The appointive system was foisted on this state by car petbaggers, in 1860, to give ju dicial positions to those whom their official creator, the governor, could control, es against the peo ple, as was proved in the Ames impeachment. Our new consti tution eliminated illiterates, tax delinquents and criminals, and gave us tho beat and most mtolli gout electorate in the union, the one most capable of choosing ex cellent judges. If the amendment is ratified at t ie polls, as it will be if it is not misunderstood, a hostile govern or and legislature, if so inclined, could do much, through adverse influence on legislation necessary to put it in operation, to retard its success. From 1875, up to 1H98. j efforts to getthe election of judges submitted to a popular vote were j attempted and defeated at nearly every legislativ amendment is defeated now it would give the advocatos of tho appointive system such a lev ago as would probably prevent another submission ol Uniques tion to tho people within tli twenty- five years. session. If this er next Between love b>r, and want of confidence in, I the people there is a wide gulf j Love and confidence, when unat ; tended by mental immaturity, go hand in hand. The people should trust no mari who is afraid to trust them. 1 ' )ais aro ruined and are too short , *° ou t except with sheep shears, Mrs. Easley had the rnisfor , ne lose a house last week by j bro • ,y There was an ordination of / ; deacons at Mt. Zion on Sunday, Mr. SamMoElveen and Mr. P. X. , Simmons were ordained, and Neva. L Allniand and J. M. fiutson assisted Pastor Schilling in the Presbytery. Both deacons 141,0 brst class men. A meeting of about a week has been held at the first church hero with no seen results, but God moves through unseen agencies, an< * we know not the hidden i things of the heart. The second j church has appointed Thursday before the third Sabbath in Juno ! f° r their meeting here, so candi dates can make a note of that. / At the Mav conference of the brst church, Judge T. E. Tate a . Baptist of 43 years standing put 1 * n14 request fyr a letter of dis mission, which after a long and ; unpleasant talk, was voted on— j ? voted for the letter and 5 \ against. The letter wus moved ! to be granted for the sake of peace. The pastor decided that tho letter was granted, but learn that when it came to the Judge that he declined nocopting jt with so large a dissenting vote, The Judge we learn desires the church to publish hor reasons for not giving him a letter, but it is not at all probable that she will doit. Verily tho doingof churches which should be the light of tho world are as full of mysteries as were the performances in the old Hfcyptian worship in the temples crisis and Osiris. We are told that the Judge has nothing to hide and that he is prepared to give all the particulars of the matter, if the church will not. Nemo. E. F. Noei,. Lexington, Miss., May 29, '99. OSYKA NEWS. Editor Gazette: ally well hero and tho moves on as usual money and moisture uncommonly scarce. Business has almost entirely hold up waiting for tho rain. Even tho phosphate wagons are not running, suppose tho ties are too loose. Corn has held its own well. People goner town with news, The Meadviile Advocate re cords the death of Mr. R, J, Williams, an honorable gentleman whose long life was spent in do ing good. Ho was sheriff of Franklin for ten years, begin ning during the trying times of reconstuction, and proved faith ful to duty, and equal to every emergency. His bereaved wife has the sympathy of all Franklin.