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Eaton weekly Democrat. [volume] (Eaton, Ohio) 1866-1875, August 24, 1871, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85034457/1871-08-24/ed-1/seq-1/

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r-i Devoted to the "Interests of the democratic Party, and the Collection ofLocaland Cieneral civs. " TWO DOLUVRS1 PER ANNUM, ADVANCE.
i U F. T. FOSTER,' Publisher.
'.' I."". ' ..- . ".AVJ.lM . .7- ':.'--''.-:V-.,V"'"'lit;,,V: --"T-- CSAOill r-,-e it-H - .-'
f If 1I I X 1 V - V"I IV 1 :-. .11 I - I'll I 1 ' II V II V '(I-, II II II I V II it 14 1 .1 11 i-T I II 1
1 M
i : j - i i i . i.i j- - " : . ' 'T r " 11 i .'-JMJ-' i m f ;
The New Loan.
2. ',,.ltha3, bcen aiuiounced that an a-J
"raofement lias 'beien.-Jaad with &&
'.I'jMsocaon of EnjjHs.aiid America?
thathftwnditioisavthafM;he as-
" millions, nd dettosita thg'prpceed
.w.ditioH thai the ikonev'U lo be drawn
n0&9!. lo .Wf house; .-
-JaCobke fc Cqj 5f f af ;thi$ head of
ill wr-.f: tf :,Jifwa 4.A
',.Z6ulyL6t the redensptioftre fiv?
i ; twenties" aa theyVaxe bailed -ia'nder
!l'the laws-r;- Eeij'banfcja ; i deposit
wiffijtEil Treasure :tTiite!y State
I7ftdncS Xd the arxioant thereposr
".',.its..The.! association further agreel
u"to take the balance of , the -loan on
"the "sffoie conditions lit - th rite of
.Jfiif. appear&i" d hi A dernie'esort
. to save. tJte project from the rejmte of
;failnXe"fter all the; expense of id
J$tfetnand of rovin .agents j to
ZZPPYViF and push the loaa in thi
(S55iiljB5id Europe, ancLafter all at
jfs.tesg -tar y ay ad Mi edg H twy-is the
Becretart'v project rnr tbBme of
tatal faikiTer aai-yt a' eosfcrhicb
-raake 8ueess a doubtful gaia Upon
tbiit -h also assumed that the Secre
jjjafy -aavTOrtiMskJui aud -i per
4i.ftlS2i'r2lieiw bad
made- tlemaaa -for -lh-bonds at a
"ra'6r four-and-
a-halfs can be placed, itras a great
The Tw rqnifea lnia&ty-day3, rio-
Uice 1o be giyeilQr calling in the five.
iSwefstlTtnnjfetf titaehey will
Jtjkt,ie-ft tjra9Sed thatihejBss,qeiatlon
to reaeem the bands.
As the old five
v-rate thaitheehanffe 'added. ! is
tnalyaWultajClff coirf, aNew
Of Otfefi wilt he J eexOhafc-'wftlvianety
day sae pt ihinoney tR. bombina-
$9&i 9a94S-Xf rX . w!1- vj9A- has
muqh, greaferppb"rtanities,for.-jnott7
ey is woriu -jUL auuuk or, cojiu iu
By depositing these bonds
IrfrrlLU a aiiiaa margin, the
1. YIW -T -! 'L, -a.
orrow money1 at 2
irntflDe'it"rweive ioet cent
-liEU-wi.tbZ-What itcad Jniake-b j ex-
clianginff -lond betweeBjjUia jssue
and maturity 4? th cafli and wltat it
1 ' i ' t m 1 1 t AS
can msKe oy inese uj me aepvsiis
-galnsf h,l6rndjr , toat jare :- nptpre
jBtenOTpdy;-,' .jmakq j the
agenof hecmbinati Oi placing
this4owi' a rerr profitable operation.
-Whether it lareallv -5 table one
t-i sot tht government fa a question that
rf tcannot be decided until '-all the condi-
tionandnetre'sufts'shaif appear.
-It H If "
The New Loan. A Substitute for India Rubber.
Thea',Qematid' 'for'Iftula" r(bhei'4 so4
sceauuy increasing, ana its uses con-,
staatly minltrplyrngj- -to 6uch an extent
cnai.ac no distant aay tne supply is iiKe
. ly to be inadequate, and luTeutire minds
have set to studying out the problem of
, , finding a substitute which Bhall be cheap
'-"and easily mauufactused.i The investi
- -gatien has, it would seem, met with some
J .degree nt suocess,' and.kwe or two of its
results not only show .considerable in
ventive ingenuity, but may eventually
be turned to practical account. " A com
, . : pound" of chloride of sulphur,! oil,' and
.i collodion iT'Sised hi one of the cases re-
ferred to, and is said' to' be "available-
J eUher a Jndiarnbber;oriHttapercha,4
, being, in its plastic state, easily molded,'!
- ami bard and durable when Well sefr. It
can be made of any color, and is sus-
ceptible-of a high polish? 'An English
' invention, maae somee$rsgo,js sun-
THriinuwHi nil nrvAWA ' An olaaa-Tita?andsubfleauent
. Jby repeatedly clipping the plates in the
1 teii, nd allowing it to "dry each time.
r J V f . i
The film thus obtained is removed
tne Efiass, crusnecu ana workea tborourii-rBcaBt;e
lv m the nfxinar roils, and a small ouan
tity of gnm shellac added ' to give it the
proper . cohesion. The substance 1 .thus
I obtained ts very much "Hkermbberj and
.-can be used for- many purposes with
-equal facility. - It can also, b?-yd;oaBized
' precisely like the rubber. ' j
. r There is -always something, winning
5 and graceful about a well-turned compli
ment, tnat makes its., way, to tne Heart.
This is specially the .ease with- ladies.
The dear sweatures can no more - resist
the incense of flattery than they .can
exist in an atmosphere devoid of fashion:
f and coquetry- Thistrail, aomswbat pe-
culiar to the sex,' was noticeably illug
Jjtrated a few days since by an incident
. oeouringat the tie chamnetre. " Ailen
- feernrisin? pickpocket had abstracted -a
rport-monnaie containing quite a sum Of
money rrom a pnuaninropnic spinster.
She was faded and painted, and on. the
. shady side of forty; "Tfet 'her effected
traces would have done honor, to a
schoolgirl ef ten. She detected the man
in the act, and turned upon him with an
indignation rancid with the disappointed
' longings of years. The robber perceived
the expression of her face, and with an
' intuitive knowledge of character, said
' gracefully :
"I beg pardon, madam ; but I abstract
ed this as the only memento I could lav
my hand on ol the most beautiful lady I
have met." i ' ' -
The lady was taken aback. Her sense
of flattery, however, after a moment got
the better of her judgment, and she
bade him go bis way in peace. New' Or-
: lean Jricayune. ... . .-,..:;
Knight-Errantry. DOMESTIC RECIPES, &C.
off ecnen; andr rivet It iown. -'"Rivets
lAfsoft lead--rnvether- material jmav- -be
Kaltsurlnkled UDonf the cariiet before
reepiiig-'wlll -make it loolf lright"and
Oieauwv aiSvU also "a good- proven oye
against tooth .
Leaky tUt: . -Itou? witrei is;easlr?:aua
used to mend' iron kettles, &c
A paper down in Maine insists that the
statement, that .butter can be . made, by
hhryingthe ..cream wider jgroundt In
closed in cloths, lor twenty-four hours,
i9Tot a ioke; as the experiment has been
tried in -Belfast with complete-success.
Ko-oetter piarnias ver ween uevisea
to keep- butter i-swet -than- to ..put- ir in
clean lata and cover i wlth strong brlnei
No kind of vessel,. cask or tub will an
swer .a well aB the jar. -In this-Way it
cair Je Jkeplj fresh" and sweet? Co, twelve
monflisi j t; i i i K-?.i
Horsa-mlish sauce is miao thus i Orate
the horse-radish and boik it la milkv add
flour and butter, mixed, and some .pepper
and sal and t bo whits of an -egg. Let it
boll upCor aVew aalmite?
Boil one pound of powdered sulphur
iu two-quarts of water for half, an toonri
Apply witii a brush while warm, and you
will prevent the damp and unwholesome
oozinsrs from brick walls?,
Old 'feather beds and pillows are great
ly improved by putting them .on a clean
graee-plotdurtng a- heavy hWfeiLet
the beds be thoroughly wetted; turn
thenronUbh"idfeSj'3et them lieout un
til thoroughly dry'5 then beat them with
rods r this will tighten the feathers and j
make them- "much more?- healfliy to "sleep
.''Tj; Temvteschfst aft .rejuvenates tne
feathers. .amni i
fcA"TrteM ?tatesethalf 4fie. nest'Ehh-sfc.
quenching drink h.e found" duTihg the
unusually hot summer was-strong cold
black tealto which-lemou-uice and sugar
were added in quahtlties-to'suit the taste.
We have often used cold orioed teo, and
found.it an exceedingly grateful summer
beverage:. ''r'x'l'f -i'A t ' J?, i"
' At V-reoent session cfc the Baltimore
Medical Association, Que. of the members
reported a .severe .case.Jof. diabetes in
whichall thei old remsdies had -been
tried iu vain. : Another physician present-advised
that the patient be-fed on
raisins, and announced .that he bad "seen
reported -a very successfui result of the
raisin treatment in France. and thought
It wellworthyjof trial.-." ul
. Thisirskid to bea"c5rtam chre for ear
ache: As soon as any soreness is felt in
the ear, let threfe .or. four' drops of the
tinctnre of arnica be poured in, and the
orifice be filled with a little cotton to ex
clude the air. and in a short time the un
easiness is forgotten- . If, the arnica be
Hot resorted to- until there is actual pain,
the cure may. not be as' speedy, but it is
just as certain, although-it may be neces
sary to' repeat theuperatiOn . Jt is a sure
preventive of gathering in the ear, which
is the-usual cause ef earache. ; '
' The best way to clean black ribbon is
to take an old kid glove, so matter bow
old, and boil it in a pint of water for a
short, timer then let it cool until the
leather-can Te taken in the hand without
burning t use the glo.vev.wet Jtlth. the
water" to Sponge off the ribbon. ; If the
ribbon is very dirty, dip into the water
and draw slowly through the angers a
few times before sponging. After clean
ing, lay a piece of paper over the ribbon
and iron. Paper is better than cloth. .
fiinsren wine is made, frs boiltusr to
gether for half an hour, in seven quarts
or water, six pounaaoj susar, two ounces
of the best etnsrer; bruised, and the rinds
of three good-ewed lemons..; When luke
warm, put the whole into a cask, with
the juice of -the lemons aad a quarter of
a pound of sun raisins: 'add one spoon
ful o new yeast, and sUr the wine every
dav for ten days. When the fermenta
tion has ceased add half an ounce jCjf -isinglass
and half a pint of brandy r'bung
close and iu about two-months it will be
fit to bottle. ' -
Diamonds and their Uses.
coolinffi ' Sir-Humphrey
from1batt.e,T?was led to regard -that cireum-
The origin of the vain abh little pieces
o ..carbon which we denominate , dia
monds Is one of thos4 jroblems-whlch
have nuzzled philosophers for centuries.
Land1 seem ta be as far from elucidation as
ever. It: has been suggesceo tnat. inese
gems are originated by, the slow-decomposition
of Organic or Vegetable matter,
or that they, have been condensed from a
state of vapor; and -sfroiessor AiasKe
lvnc points out that they mar be derived
from the deposition by jronof the excess
of. -carbon with which it Is, sometimes
surcharged, and that spme. after-change
might causu this carbou whidi is depos
ited' in ; the pgraphlte siteo bestrans-
formed -into sthe diamond. V. This theory
of its origifc-is partly bprnef-out byome
recent experiments of Mr. DavidTotbes,
woo nas succeeded ODfaining.some
specimens' of crystalfne graphite' 'from
its solution in iron at a high temperature
n C V kAnnlnm f
us u auvauw iy.wariiuc aitmuuu
production of the diamond, -end a French
philosopher a few yeara-ago sbjowed that
the fine dust deposited on platinum l rom
a charcoal pole was sufficiently hard to
be used for the same purposes as diamond
dust. But, be its origin what may,
there is no doubt of the great value and
utility of-the diamond, as, apart from its
extensive employment in jewelry, it is
largely, used in mechanical appliances of
various sima. -- je
Asmost or bur rea3ersare aware, a
specie fc.ully.'of -the- diamond, Jknown
by he namo otrf'bort,' isj epipieyed in
the dressing .of; miilitonear'giving the
regular roughness of surface necessary
fbr ithe purpoee to which ;they'iare ap
plled.i ; Besides this, ';bort,"jijterm some
times applied to fragments too smalllor
use a's gems,-there. is- a substance, found
in: Siberia and Brazil known by: the
name.pf carbonado, of a black, -color,
Which; from its' peculiar character, being
equally as hard, though tougher and -not
so brittle, as the diamond, is largely em
ployed in cutting millstones and in mak
ing drills for the. 'roCk-boring machines
used in tunneling -and quarrying ';
- The splinters andust from the cutting
of the larger gems, in to jose diamonds
and brilliant are used for drilling,-slitting
and polishing other precious stones,
such; as sappbires and rubles for fche jeweled.-
holes of ' watches and chronometers,
and alse ,iu .drilling, china and -glass.
Diamond "points are also mounted in a
tool and used for ruling the "tint" (fine
parallel lines) 4n copper and steel plates
for engravings -Eormerly fine, steel
points were used for this purpose, hut
their destruction was so rapid that it was
found almost impossible to obtain an
even; tint iW-ith them. "Whsit. employed
in enarravinsr. the ."diamonds are ground
to a conical point or split to an angle or
natural-point, ana when sumcient power
is Used tneywin at. once cut the copper
deep enough, thougjr. with "Steel- plates it
la found nacessarv to. make the lines
deeper -with.. acid aftet'lheyiave ibeen
marKeu Dy tne tooi.
,..The glazier'a diamond 3s. gerferally a
rough stone, not cut 1n - anyway; but so
nlaced in its settlnz that it 6an be drawn
across the glass in' the direction of one of
its angles. This" property 01 cutting glass
depends upon the peculiar crystallized
form Of the rough stone-a" form 'gener
ally "known"' as 'diamond - sparks, the
founded edges of .which .will, along cut
glassj-thejpoints Merely scratching the
8urface.;'!fhls factlwas proved some years
ago by. Dr. Wollastori,'-whe found that
by grlnding'the spinal ru"by. rockrery s
tals, and topaz, so as to obtain a similar
outline to thes'uiamond, either"-of them
would- cut glass fas 'readily -as theVmore
valaabla mineral.? He obtained these re
sults by making Oie edges of the stones
experimented npon-curvilihea, -tend by
rounding the'-adjacenf 4kceS. vHe'"snc
eeeded in treating a fragment of flint in
a similar maimer, but; although the flint
would ccrtaihly cut glass, it waS found,
like the other stones mentioned, to be too
soft to be-ofanyj permanent .utility; in
deed,"the ,dianiondItself rapidly wears
mi ft when frmch -lassr cuttdB2 4a done
the convex edges-becoming concave, and
1M nbnift liKM tMimwm-'.-ti : ttitJWttr i-l
Diamond? haveMOso been used as lens-
es,rfor jnieeeBcopea, , though it is not
probable there, will be any.extraordihary
demand for them in this direction. Some
years since, Mr. Pritchard made. a. dou
bin rifnvv lnn of diamond of about 1-25.
in; focusnecm ployed a concave tool of
iron, and ground the diamond tothe re
quired shape, by forcing into the!face of
tne iroir tool, oy means oi a sieei puncn,
a sufficient a uautitv of diamond-dust to
form a grinding surface-;" However' sno1
cessfql.this particular leps may have.been,-
it is very uoubtrutwnetner tne an vanta
ges to be-obtained, by similar objectives
would bevworth the enormous price, I
Diamonds -are found in various parts of.
the world Central-and Eastern ' India,
BorneoSOUth Australia, BrazU, Sumatra,
the OuralsCalifocnia. and South 'Africa,
from which latter place, according to the
latest aecouuts, -tuese precious ,-ssouea
bar beaweuf in large numbers, ana
in someinstftnoes of "consider ablei value.
Diamonds and their Uses. The Old-time Pony Express.
'however iin"at mtfeyVaU interest
was -tafcerr upnn-stretching our neeKS
and watching for the ."pony-rider'V-tbe
fleet niessenaer whe sped across the con
tinent from St. Jo. to Sacramento, carryr
ing--letters nineteen hundreds miles 'in
eight days.. Think of that for perishable
horse ana numan nesn ana dioou to uu i
The pony-rider was usually a little bit of
a man, Drun-iuu oi spirit ana enaurance.
No matter what time of the day or night
his watch came on, and no matter wheth
er it was winter ; or summer, raining,
hailing, snowing or sleeting, or whether
his "beat" was a -level, straight road, or
a crazy trail over mountain crags and
precipices, or. whether it led. through a
peaceful 'country or regions swarming
with hostile Indians, he must be always
ready to leap Into the saddle aad be off
... . i . r m : .i i ; i i n
litte tne wmu. -- luim was uu iuhuk-uiuv
for a pony-rider on duty. He rode fifty
miles without stopping, by . daylight,
moonlight, or through the blackness of
aarRness, just as u nappeuea. -- ? .
He rode a splendid horse that was born
for -a-racer, and fed and lodged like fa
gentleman '; kept him at bis utmost speed
for ten miles, and then, as he came crash
in ar un to the station, two men Stood
holding a faSty fresh horse ; the transfer
of the rider and mail-bags was made in
the twinkling of. an eye, and away Hew
the eager pair, and .were out of sight
before the spectators oeuld get hardly; a
ghost of a look.. Both rider and horse
"went flying."- The rider's dress was
thin, and fitted close ; he were a rounda
bout and skull-cap, and tucked his-pants
in hia boots like a race-rider. He carried
no arms he carried nothing' that was
not absolutely necessary; for even the
postage , on his literary freight was only
two dollars an ounce. He got little frlvi
olous correspondence to carry ; his bag
had business letters in it mostly. His
horse was stripped of all unnecessary
weieht. too : he wore a little wafer of a
riding saddle, and no visible blanket ; he
wore light shoes, or none at all : the little
flat mail-pockets,-strapped under the ri
der's thighs, would each hold about the
bulk- oi a cbud's primer.
They held many and many an Import
ant business chapter and newspaper let
ter, but these, were written on paper as
airy-ana as thin as goia-iear,ueariy, ana
thus bulk and weight were economized.
The 'Btajre-coach traveled about a hun-
dred to a hundred And tweuty;five miles
a day twenty-four hours) ; . the pony
rider - about.-two . hundred - and - mty.
There were about twenty pony riders in
the-saddle all the time, .night - and jlay;
stretching in a long," scattering proces
sion, from - Missouri to - California, forty
flying eastward and . forty toward the
west, and amoBg them making four hun
dred, gallant horses... They earn a stir
ring livelihood - and - see- a - very great
deal of sceperyevfery single;. day ia the
year,' . .;?-.- '- .?.. t
We had a consuming desire" from the
begtoning to seoa pony-rider, but some
how or otherjallltbat passed us and all
that woHshaueed to meet in- their jour
neys managed to streak by in the night,
and so we beard -only a whiz and a hail,
and the swift phantom of the' desert was
gone before we could -get our heads-out
of the windows. But now , we" were ex
pecting one .along- every moment, and
could see hini.tn the'day light-, Presently
the driver exclaims : - ; i.'?."' Vs '
. "Here he comes t" . - - 1 'v - ' ''." i
- - Every neck- Is -stretched further, and
every eye strained wider. "Away across
the endless dead level of the prairie, a
black speck appears .against the sky and
it is plain that it moves. Well, I should
think so ! .. In a second or two it becomes
a horse and. rides, rising and falling,
rising and falling-i-sweeping toward us,
nearer and nearer and nearer and growing-more
and' more distinct, more and
more defined nearer and still nearer, and
the flutter Of the hoofs comes faintly to
the ear another instant a whoop and a
hurrah from our .upper deck, a waive of
the rider's hand, but no reply, and a man
and horse burst past our excited faces,
and go swinging away like the belated
fragment of a storm.
So sudden is it all, and so like a flash
of unreal fancy, that, but for the flake
of white foam left quivering and perish
ing on a mail Back, after- the vision had
flashed by and disappeared, we might
have doubted whether , we had seen any
actual horse and man at all, may be. ,
:For Job'Printlng bail at this Office. '
Diamonds and their Uses. The Old-time Pony Express. AGRICULTURAL.
The Country Gtet7orlaTdoes not posi
tively-recommend ...the plowing in of
snow, though it does not deny that it
may be attended, with' some advantages,
the "principal of, which is the pulverizing
of the - soil, thereby rendering, it more
Susceptible of benefit from absorption of
atmospheric ammonia, it is uemonstrat
ed that the quantity of ammonia with-r
drawn from the atmosphere by the snow
fall of an entlre'winter Is only as one in
ten ' to fifty, millions; ' Winter plowing
prepares the , soil tor the reception of
ammonia, however, and in so far is use.
- - . -,
., Stifled HokSe.'- A correspondent of
the -Country Gtentlemtm- recommends the
following remedy : iProcure. a i set of
shackles or fetters, such as are used .to
restrain unruly horses from jumping from
one field to another, and ' having taken
the horse into a smooth yard or pasture,
Eroeeed to putf on the fetters., i .First
ring his lame b6t pretty well forward,
and by ' gently ipressing the hand over
the -joint, slipHhe- joint into its proper
place ; , now . put the fetters on th Jame
side and give hhh the liberty of" the pas
ture. ' He will have the.power of using
his foot under limited e ire um stances, and
a cure is soon, effected suejtvwaa qur ex
perience. Eyaingwhessfio..,
-Feemsg Hoit8B8 TooMucn.Of all
our domestic, animals there' are' hone that
require more systematic ctire In ' 'feeding'
than the horse, n A horse should ibe' fed
regularly and, in moderate amount, and
when worked he should be worked judi
ciously., A horse, fed - ip.. tlu3.. way may,
bb kept at a moderate 'cost,-and will be
more-beal thy nd ?perfbrm JmoieX 'labor
than if-.led .highly, cfras bigh,umany
we know of are in the habit of feeding
their Worses.1 Horses 'Will tertainly' eat
hays' enongh tcrtnjure th&m if they 'can
get it. Wnan hay is kept eonstantis be
fore them, horses -are apt to, spend time
in throwingf ft around topsy-turvy in the
rack; they soon become dissatisfied With
their food, and lose their uiual keen relish
for It. -. The general practice should Ve tx
ieea reguiariy tnree times u aay . . .1,1
awY Jkw ,xuksuj.vm iiujva. j.ue.uiosi
economical and easy method'' is to "dis
solve them by caustic lye in a mixture of
asnes,; carponatec 01 soda au. slacked
lime. "To nrmunnUsh this." pava thp.'
Boston-' ournatof. Chemistry, 'it is'uec-"
essary to break) tlie bones fin to fragments
and . pack; ;tben in at tight i jhallowdox
with an equal weight of good sound wood
ashes; Mix with tbQ asnea, before pack
ing, twenty-flva pounds of slacked lime
and twelve poumdi of sal soda (carbonate
of soda) to every onehundred pounds of
IT .A. T-Y. .. I Wf .V - 1 i.
but: asucs 4u, uua iu nmcu iaj uuiiuuci
that process may- be -made of ' rough
boards,' .but It must .be', tight,- and -it
should not be over eighteen inches deep.
It may be as broad as necessary '. " The
bones should be'packed "iri layers first
upon Uiaibttoin.a layer, of 4ashesaen a
layer of bonesHmd so alternately until
the box is filled; -About twenty gallons
of water must be poured upon the heap
(that is for every one hundred pounds pf
oones; to saturate tne mass, Due, more
may be added fOm time to timeV to main
tain i permanent . moisture.-; -Ins three:
four, or six weeks, f ha bones will; broken
down completely and fbjs'whble may be
beaten'' up -Together : after -'adding " an
eaual :bulk of cood sifted; soil. j.This
compost is of , the highest-efficacy, as it
embraces quite all the great essentials of
plant. ioov t ameiy , potash, soda,- lime,
phosphoao acid, and the nitrogenous tlet
ment. This is a- very convenient, way
for farmers who have ashes to dispose of
their store or bones. it nientv of ashes
lam be procured,' it will facilitate the de-
(-uuiyu&iuuu 01, mo . uofies LOMUinpioy
twice as mucn asnes as there are nones:
the solution Will" be effected sooner, and
more jperfectedly.- - If - powdered bones
are employed, a - barrel off the powder
may be mixed., with a . barrel .01 good
ashes, and the whole may. be turned into
the half of a molasses cask, moistened
With two bucketfuls of water; and stirred
op well with. a hoc. . In a week this will
De ready lor use, ana it forms a most effi
cient and convenient fertilizer for ' all
the cereal crops. We think it does more
for corn, in giving plump, full. kernels,
than any concentrated fertilizer we have
employed - A handful is enough for a
hill, put in at the time of planting.' - Be
fore dropping the seed, a little earth
should be dropped over the powder, so
that it may not come in . direct contact
WlthIt.7.---- V.n,-i.i :fi . ...
The Book Agent.
A writer in the -Buffalo Express hits
off the peculiarities of the peripatetic
book a sent very cleverly, thus :
f cHe :"was .a. man- of middle 'age.mild
manners, . ana - oenevoient aspect, and
withal one of the most eminently amiable
and unconscious of. bores. In-his least
disagreeable phase, one of his visitations
was enough to reconcile its victim to the
minor annovanc of - east winds and
amoky-.chimneys or toothache but he
was,to,tranquuly- selt-satisnea jo find
that out, without aid, and so for years he
travelled from house to house, as unconsciously-
obtrusive, and '.unintentionally
offensive as the. measles or some, other
mild epidemic.- He, was a blandly im
perturbable' variety 'of "the' "pestilence
that walketh at noonday," and a rude or
ungracious welcome. wouldn't disconcert
I hitnv.any .mora . than. itwouidaJjrass-
mountea revenue assessor.
This mollusk started in-life as a ped
dler of. salve, and. descended, by easy
gradations, - through the stove-damper,
window catch, washing fluid and stencil
plate -eras that dlvercify the downward
career of most itinerant venders. Those
pursuits were doubtless '.eminently -calculated
to bring his literary taste, to a
high state of cultivation ; but unhappily
he had quite neglected to profit by his
opportunities. His utter and contented
ignorance of literature naturally sug
gested the . splendid possibilities that
awaited him in the book trade; so when
he found.the stencil business too bewil
dering to his intellect, he calmly and con
fidently dropped . into book canvassing.
He was not a first-rate judge of authors,
and ' his ' literary discrimination seldom
strayed beyond the pictHre, and binding
without being ingloriously swamped. .
A flavor ot the old salve and washing
fluid was always perceptible in his dis
cussion of books and authors. I used to
experience a melancholy pleasure in per
suading nun to aescant on tne merits of
Shakespeare's Black Crook, or Munchau
sen's Dictionary, or JJicKens on Log
arithms, or It. W. Emerson's Nursery
Tales. . He could expatiate on those
works, or any others that I recklessly
suggested, just as tuciaiy ana aeiightfully
as he- could on those for '-which, he was
canvassing; more so, indeed, for he felt
more Mancy rree" wnen mere were no
books around. .. r,- ' j
I suppose it was his invincible and re
morseless assiduity that enabled him to
--. . f. . .- ;
subdue bis victims. . He. had a way of
pouring nimseit out, in a ceaseless wish
wash of prepared platitudes and conned
twaddle, . capable, I -.verily . believe, of
wearying" a bronze . statue of William
Pitt into the purchase of Abbott's Napoleon.-.
And the more summer ft -took,
the better he liked to fight it out on that
line.' I once tried to baffle him by pas
sive endurance,-but iri the 'sixth hour 'of
his -oration his enjoyment of its "Super
human eloquence had become so keen
that I had to subscribe for an extra copy
before he- would- consent to' stop. ' That
ignominious failure of the Fabian policy
sealed my doom. I' never recovered an
atom ot Confidence in my anility to stem
the tide of his tireless loquacity,- and
thereafter, he saw in me only a reliable
market for subscription literature., jJt.
He overwhelmed me with volume after
volume of pictorial imbecility, and pathos
In gilt binding. My small capital was
gradually absorbed by the ruinous accu
mulation of ""NapoWon and Hia . Mar
shals," everybody else -nd"his "-'Marshals,
.Notorious uriminais, UDeis on tne f residents;-Family
Bibles with Caricatures,
wretched parodies on -Human" History,
solemn- burlesques Of the Patriarchs, and
other illustrated and absnrd trumpery
imposed upon me-rby Uiat remorseless
agent. - My family- was actually-reduced
to the verge of want -by . the vampyre's
repeated .drafts upon me-. il tried in .vain
to raise a., little money out.of -mv-books.
.Tne. , constable reven refused to . levy on
them ior a grocer s DUi,anareturneu tne
execution, unsatisfied, , because a man's
library was exempt, and he "didn't v,ant
" B V v.r W ;.ir t--" B '
The Book Agent. How Mosquitoes Bite.
microscope. He" cannot ,da,.as ,mahy
iiiinu v iuius vv iiiii xi as.t.iic.t'i.cuiiaub unit
with his, but he can cause a good'deid iof'
annoyance in a small way witn it, . it is
hardly the "thing' to iay th'at ithie'mbs
qiirto bites us, for HeiliaS no; teeth. "."The
microseone" reveals"'the fact that "he-car-i
rieS apair of 6etesors; InskW' of'hia" pro--
hoseis the - neatesc. aBcs -snarpest little
euMintr-tools vou ever-suw1. '"IIesret'his
livinss-by these.' - They ate two delicate
little blades,', and arn-plaoed alosgaide
each, other. When Be is reaav tomaKe a
'.meal off of ijs, , he -rst ;buzzes .jiround
etly. settle 'dowh.be picks out a place on
our skin which is justlaqis'liking.He
is very delicate about It.: Wheri he'gets
ready," he. puts his "proboscis "down, and
pushes the little scissors out, 'and makes
a neat cut, so that he can Suck the blood
out. Then he drinks as much blood as
he want3v-.aiuLisdone--hii dinner. But
he does not. leave, vet He is sroinn to
pay bis-ibill. He has. taken our blood
and he wilLileavef"ue something in ex
change for it. With all his faults, he is
an honest Utile loUowaoer his lash ion
He has the , pay in .his pocket,- ready- to
squeeze out before he goesl ' It is poison ;
but that makes no difference to him.' It
isire-best he has to give us. His poison
pocket ia at the bead of his proboscis, and
at the lower end of his proboscis-he has
another little pocket, into which he puts
poison enough for one dose. This poison
is- n-ery powerful; ,,A. ' very JliUle of It
makes the place where the mosquito puts
it very sore. After he has sucked out
Wood,i he pntf 4he drop "of poison Into
the place he took the blood ftom',"i H is
not the- bite r -the,cu that the- mosquito-'
maKes tnat hurts us, Dut tne arpppmg ol
this poweriui poison into our nesn. - n
this mpequito wereilarge enough. to give
a powerful, dose of. this poison, it would
he-had for Us. If he were as bif as a
kitten, and Bis 'pofsorT as Strong in pro-
por,'abite'.ironi : ntmrwouki-tui
., The ' mosquito- ba$ a proboscis lik kn
elephant,, only not; so large" Klbwill;1
however, look. nearly .-as- large -under a
The Book Agent. How Mosquitoes Bite. Healing the Wounds of War.
The 'worst wofandsmflictJea4n!airater
nal. contest are -not . those that; kill or.
maim the soldiers. " In the former case
every thinz; possible ts done to compen
sate for the calamity - ffbo'f alien -hero's
grave is dressed with immortelles; while
his widow is pensioned and vis children
fed, clothed and educated."' Where the
wounds are-not mortal, We try ' topatch
up the crippled, soldier rwith cork -legs,
natent crutches, rubber arms, srlass eves.
and other artificial aids, and then console
him- .with a nice farm and a life-dime's
annuity. While these things- are no real.
compensation lor.tne loss oi meoruimD,
they serve to supply wants and alleviate
miserv' ---1 " i-!i
But there :-are other-wonddainflieted
by war, especially .civil war, that 'seem
to be past all surgery. War is not only
the destroyer of lite and property but the
most demoralizing of all agencies.. Our
four years of strife? have entailed .upon
the whole country a host. of moral evils
that '-it will 'take whole !gencranons"to
eradicate. We saved the nation's " life,
but at an expense which all the; -wealth
of the world cannot compensate, . Look
at the columns of an ehterprislng'dally
naper, and-you shall find a large space
devoted, to the horrid and sickening de
tails of some . fearful and unnatural
crime. "We ' do not mean to 'say that
there-was no crime before the" war, but
that. Its demoralizing influence rhas in
creased the number and intensified the
character ol these bloody deeds. Human
nature Shi-inks' .from rthe: eontemplation
of such internal acts as were before, un
known, at least in our. country,
, But worse than murder, rape and. rob-
Dery has Deen the 'influence or the -war
upon the1 moral "sense of the--.whole
nation. Embezzlement, swindling, pec
ulation .and defalcation in plain lan
guage stealing have: become the 6om-r
mon crimes of the -day.- ' In- 'every-'de-partment.of
Uio government, and among
all grades of .'ofliuiais, the.- spirit of - ras
calitv seems contas-ious and ram Dan t.
The little rogues who steal by hundreds
or thousands, are caught and punished,
while the full-grown scoundrels, who
suck the nation's life-blood to "the time
of millions, flaunt their stolen glories in
all public . places, defy , scrutiny, baffle
investigation, bully the.govcrnment, and
finally go "unwhipped of justice.'.'
By what moral surgery shall these
terrible wounds be healed ? - The healing
process must commence just where. the
wound was first inflicted. The presence
of war and fraternal strife impaired the
moral sense ot individuals,' loosened the
bonds of moral responsibility, destroyed
the sanctity of, oaths, and undermined
the foundations of personal integrity.
This mischief can only-be ' repaired by
the work of at -least one generation.
Parents, especially mothers, with all
faithful teachers and preachers, as well
as all moral agencies that can be brought
to bear, must be in action for half a cen
tury to undo the evil caused by two or
three years of strife. St. Louis Journal
of Commerce.' ' ',
For Job Printing call at this office. -
. .. t . -;. : -(.( v !
MonosTraradouflrhnuts Are an Ohio? pro
duct. . .' ' ' ..' . i
Some people . say that, .dark-haired
womerl marry soonest. ' We differ ; It is
tho light-headed ones.' ' ' " '
'Why'Did Hff'S"ot Bfe V is tne tMe of
a new novel; ia. Bequex called Jiecause
he refused to, take his .medicine?'. s ex-
pected '...:.'.;.'. ! .!.',...'.!,.,.. i ;
An Ii'ish sehool-master recently r in
formed hispupils that the'feminine ren
der should-always1 be applied to "all ships
ana vessels anoatr..exeept 'tM(sf earners
andi-rof-war.M.,t r.YtUll ,,
.., A trunk factory out, west wnsi lately
superseded by a saloon . ; The old sign (it
is reported) was retained by the new
proprietor, .-who ; economically-1 Changed
iheT.top.fi r,. -,4 41 Hf.itSj
A country girl ,commg vfrotttlfe: Jield
was told by her cousin that she looked as
fresh as a daWy kissed by the de wr i2fo,
indeed,'! was- 'the Simple'-repry'that
wasn't hisname'l ei K-irroq a
CtX Connecticut? fWmeir1rrkleshis
currant bushes with wbisk-ythet-worms
eet .drunk". (Iron off. and either.. break
their hecks or cripple' themselves soljb'at
life is a burdeiM-i''"'i lyuri t rrl i
My'dear,sia aiVs'ana'tois We.
"I'm goihg to -start a bbfTee pla-rttatirAl''
"llow'll vou eet the land.v"; '-Oh Uuvt's
ho trouble" abotit, that; X always Jiave
plenty of ffrowids in iny cnp." - j
Gob'-m'oTfffVgTMf,1rlej'S a
"Have you any KlauahUm-who jwotfld
make gppd typo-setters?'' VfNpJ)utlI
biave 4 a Wifdwhb ' weidd'-tf-aKe1' a fine
devil.". ain?wf) r-s2i:'l Ij-tl!- !
l-hhytf"Bda, Dgirfg"'awayf frojn
hoBM.-dieck-hilei-nrjeont-Orie Of-sthe
neighbors being requested-1 tnrm3ier
nf hpr llUQhanrl 'h rlpai-h faun1 lntr.it. J
ner,"ahd, when he" Informed ner Of the I
deatbj she requested the'helghbbl
waif, uptil .he had' fiiliedber.-uimdr.
A gepUemair -hosa., liabitii ttas to
entertain occasionally a circle oj trienas,
observed that one Of ''them "-Vas In the
habit ofc. eatln irsoinetlii n er before errace
was asked -ind determiijetk to .care him. j
Cln "hpincr Rfntnr!" at t.he tamp, hp Rnirt A
"For what we"are abbSrt to receive,' aad
what -James
bas;alroaeVcd J
truly thankful 1
the Lord make us 1
.A. .(kiradb.-sakioarkeoDert.gaidlof fa
rough crowd "I couldn't-- get . their
whisky' strong enough' for them, so'aftr
trying every-way,' 1 made' a mixture of
poison oak and butternut.-; ..That fetched
them. I called it the sheepherder's dei
light, ana it was a popular drink. Tne
first Pike I .tried it on yelled with de
light; the next one. took two" drinks and
turned a double sommerset ia the road
before the house.' ' A peddler came along,
and after he took several drinks of my
sheep-herder's delight he. went off nud
stole: his own pack and hid it. in -the
woods." :'J -. -' - -- "' '-".
A few nights since, at a late hour, the
speaking tube at the office door of One of
jiewHayen.'s" popular physicians was
used. py. some, midnight wag, to. -the. fol
lowing effect? The dqctor was pi a sound
sieep j wnenr-ne was partially awaKenen
by ,a, "haHo'., through the tube,'. When
the following dialogue took place : Well,
what dd you wanti"' '"Does Dr. 'Jones
live here f " :Yes,:what-dd yo-ur want ?f'
''Are you ' Dr. .Jones ?V i'yes.V .fDr.
Simon Jones?" -"Yes uesL what do:
you want?" "Why how long have ybuj
lived r-uere?' ----"Some twenty" years 1
wnyr Wityfuj aori you meetf:'
nI you stay there about ten seconds
more you'll find I am moving !" and he
bounoed outof bt-ti, tout the pulient was
.heard 'moving' do wurle,tjeettl!at h
rate that 'defied pursuit. ", "'' " Z ! -
tst i.-: . ". . 1 : : hi"- V I r '.
. K . A .PosrrrvK.FACX' An togeivfcous me-4
cnanic in JNew Orleans constructed a sale
which" :h "declared absolutely -burglar-
probfv -To convince rthe 'incredulous ; of
the fact, be placed a tbousand-doUar-tbill
in his pocket, had himself locked in the
Safe,' and? declared that ' he Would give
the money t to- the- man who imtagtened
the door.. .All the hlacksmiths. and car
penters, 'and' buiglars in the. .State oft
Louisana havobeefl boring, blasting and
beating at the sate for a week' witli every
kind ..of - .tool, and . explosive mixture
known to science, and. the mantis in
'there '-yet.-He bas whispered" through
the keyrholo thaV he Wilt "-rrak53te-:i-ei-ward
.ten. thousand. -dolliws if-so-pebedy
win oniy let nifn ou.t..- xie naa -onviucea
everybody that it is .the safest,-safe over
Invent edr ' FearS aj-fiientertained tbaf the
whole thing will have to be melted, down
m a- Diast lurnacc Derore he is.jeieaseu,
ana enorts '-are',to (Se ' made "to pass
through the key-hole" a fire-probf jacket
to protect tne invenoi! wnMe tne. iron is
melting. " -nu-'-um
AT i jl-th iK
Peeling the Bark from Young
- The statements made ia a late.piuuber
py our corre.spoudeot "ji , entiH-ely- cf
cord with ',.o.rir own . observ'atonsma-jj
years slncei . An orchard of apple trees.
the trunks Of Whlch.ayefdged about eight
inches in.' diameter.' had 'several, rows
thus divested of the : bark 'eat-iy 'in sum-
mer; ana a new ana smooth coat ronneq
and covered thewhole' snrfa'ce. : It Was
believed by the owner td benefit tbfetrees
to some- extent Th true -exiflanatioii
appears to be this r-'-The peelirig-is done
at a time when-a, large- deposit of new
matter hast been -made -on the outside of
the .stem, consisting of jnatenaLifor both
wood, and bar k. This ore mains -ou Juhd
tree when: the. bark leaves it... The ex
posure to the air anddieht immediatelv
hardens the outside, and all' the functions
goon aa 'before, through the' agency ,pf
tins tmn, iresn DarKThereis doubtless
one advantage now possesso4 , by It over
the old, hard,' scaly -surface. "It is well
known -that 'green bark performs," to a
certain extent the same -functions as
leaves an .example ,which Ja Jurished
in the'stockdii'which a'graft is'set. The
stock has no leaves of itself, and all the
work of supplying it with - food ds done
by the leaves of the graft. But the bark
of the stock performs the finishing pro
cess, and converts the pew -wood into its
own kind or variety.. In a, similar way
the fresh, new bark, of the peeled tree
assists the functions, of the. leaves, and
does something more than the leaves
alone would do; and in this way a pos
itive benefit is received from the operation.'-
Whether it would do to rer-eat it
often Is quite' doubtful.1. The best time
in the summer can be aetermined only
by experiment, but it should be doubtlest
when there is most vigor of growth." Is
will be understood that the whole success
consists in, not scraping or injuring the
new Biiriacej voxmru uenitemanr . .
"Come and See Me."
A cruel joke was recently perpetrated
upori an nnaophistioatcd -coutemporary
publisher. He received an autographic
request'rohXMessrs Sweney, West & Co.,
Proprietors or-The Put-In-Bay House, to
"come and see them and spend a few days
during the heated term.'.'., Jn tke.letter
wa inclosed' a long Julome puff,; which
tad first appeared Jh a Sandusky paper.
Understanding the matter as a request
to reproduce- the article- tand, accept of
their hospitality in payment, he inserted
it in his numerous publications, and thus
gave a house he had never seen,' and men
whom lie did" not knew from'. Adam's off
ox, a very,,favorable7'notoriety..M-yer a
dozen States er morc.JIe says that if he
had Charged "cash rates for-theiadvertis-inghe-eo
freely gave aWa; hid bill would
not have been leWthfRione hundred dol
lars. However. fc.desiroHSf becoming
more intimate -with-: those; nlte,'. genial
gentlemen,'-"hom''"he'"'had so loudly
Duffed, he-wftsscwrf tfieff truest, and so
journed with them sevefafdaya. Pinched
lor timeanil jaredrfoc laleness, our pub
lisher prepared,.tp,ptui;n home. When
about to leave,, one", of .th'e lords of the
castle, pjaqed.m hisjhands.a billT-a verit
able wUliata-or-a small amount, at the
ratej-f $i-per-lay. A11 right, sir,
please., receipt it ;jLt.has beervsettlBdc by
advertising.'- 4Advextising-?f Not much I
That "aihvdur styled "Money talks here."
"Well, bu!'yu-iirfus8 know that I am an
invid-guegt---'K"My frieiid, don't
deceive'-yourself. J.OE. Voiii'-se'f you were
invited, arid bo is eyery.oiae invitedj We
want all' to come who' can.. We like a
full bouse,;' and will .'do our best to make
our. gnestseomfortableand -contented ;
but we haveadead4itt-d favors to ex
change. If you gave -urfree advertising,
that's you 4usineS9,-nt "obrs If you
can afford to run vyou. "business in that
wayyuare lackey but jrelat't. In
a tvord,' to use .vulgarism, cash talks at
the 'Put-In-Bay; Those who don't ex
pect to paVfor their' bed. and board.
shqnjdi "bring: grabaiid' Jjodding with
them, or put up at-.tbe 'Beebee,' where
The arp-iimpnt'wflfl Ttlaino.flnriitl.Anr1
'convincing, althons'h Conveyed through
glaDg and Somewhat disrespectful intone.
The loquacious medeum money, which
is so hlgMyprTze'd'By the proprietors,
was proarptry given iir exebange for the
: ... i - i -i . . . , .
wiser if not a hatfpitl man. Hefmry he
will patj"CftHetbe .4'BeeberHT(i' c '' the
next;tiine he ,vi&LtsVPut.iji Lay, ' Here
m ,lma..
borhwftH Hvhota afl Ci
t tlie - j..,tnor
Cuicmnatiaus are
acquainted. He still-harbors ariingerlng
fancy that he was somehow victimized
by the hospitable Put-in-Bay House on
this occasion."- 'We have ventured to In
sinuate that he is slightly prejudiced,
Berharm bHir hrwefoil-rniAintalns that
-he-i1 bo, -and dnTy We sires that alfwho
may hereatter accept invitations to "call
and see" thatestabi Ishment, be permitted
to compare notes with him, that it may
be knownwhether Jiey, , share iiWiis
prejudice JHO viUso "reminds uwith a
little touch of bit,terness, "that this is not
the -arsttlme a;menfberof-'trhe""fbnf th
estate" has been taken in at the quiet
harbor-uamdilndrristah-ie3tat least two
withiibi-ownikowleQge,'one con
nected with a leading -dailu newspaper
phbieatfon-Oiii; friendi ba3ur; syi
thy'arid"mu'ch good mayiit do him!
Cincinnati Bulletin.
Methods of Cutting Glass.
For cutting flat glass, such as window
piwe fjhe dihpjond'ift hdet-geht.
For tuttinff'i-oundsfor ovIs-out of.ilat
gfessf thadiamAndiffthe'best tobli arid,
if the operator has no diamond, It will
always pay to carry-the job to a glazier
rather than yraste time ana jnaaiteapoor
'tobbytheraiid Interior means. Wnen,
however? "it required 'to'fcut off a very
little from a circje or. yd, the -diamond
is hot' available, except ia-.verr.BkiU nil
hauds' In this "casea 'pair Of pilars or
very dull eelssors-ls 'the beet - tool,' aad
the ..cutting . is, -best -performed under
wafer. A little practice will enable .the
operator to shape a small round, or oval
with great rapidity, ease,0 arid precision.
When bottles or -flaeks are to be cut, the
diamond is still, the best-tool-in skillful
bands ; .but ordinary operator will suc
ceed best with' pastilles, or ja..' red . hot
poker. We prefer the latter, as being
the most -easily, obtained; and -he most
efficient i and we ba( mejrer found -any
difficulty in cutting of broken joasksBO
as ' to make "dishes," or i;o" carry a cut
K-jpially ronHid a-' long -bottle so as to cut
it, into-.te lorm;oI a;sa-iterew-AW ,
by. the .way, when. SO; cut, glass .exhibits
considerable "elasticity ,aud thd spiral -may-be
"elongated like a ringlet. .The
proeefes 1s-v-yimple.'The,lline,of the
cut should be marked -by :chalk--'w-by
pasting it thin, strip of -paper alongside,
of it ; then make a file mark to commence
tbe chti rrnlv-theiiOt Ireri. a'nd'a Crack
will start ; -and this crack' will follow the
lruu h er k v ex 'w ci leaned o lead is.- - or
drilling holes . iu,lassa- conmou..:steel
drill, wp! I rn a fa j liifc w--f' tm pprpd, is
Mi p npsf. truil. . Tlie stael. niuuild. be
rwoTked af a low mpei;atureSQ. as to be
surer uet'to-bufait, aad' then tempered
as, hard as posaibler,Vi eltlier Taereury tar
a bath of salt water that has been, wall
boiled. Such' a drmwfli-gd through
glasa.-"ery rapidly if ke-ptweil mOteteUed.
A -jood.liouiij for jnolstching such drUls
is turpentine in , which 9sone camphor
has beeii dissolvecr. ; This was the lubrl-
fcatec reeoriiewi-Mlv by Griflin-' fa -'Tdis
work .on chemical amanipulatloa, andtit
has been frequenfiy published since, as
bob Dest-ior tne purpose, uuuteu sul
phuric acid Js equally good, if not better;
and we have found carbolic,-acid - singu
larly efficient. . It is stated that at Berlin,
glass castings "for pump barrels, &c, are
drilled, planed, and bored, like iron ones,
and in- the setm -father ai-rd-iirachlnes, by
the aid of sulpUnrie.ae(i. vAltttle- Ta'ac-
t ice with these different plans:' will-ena
ble the operators to cut and work glass
iMUT no IkA v. u v...
. . a.
fC '0-1 Til ." I SiHi i 7
An old-toper, who bad attended a sci
entific-lecture- where the learned pro les
sor caueeu several-. -explosions- to" take
place from the gases produced by -.-water,
said, "You don't catch me putting water
in my liquor after this. I had no idea
before that watervaS SO dangerous,
though I .never liked to take too tnuca of
A0V.,t i
T 0
Vast frauds, cxtendina: over a series of
years and involving millions of public
money, "are charged upon the Mayor and
Comptroller of New Torkhv the Times
of that city j, The, Mayor, says-that-the
-time nas grown virtuously indignant
because the city advertising was awarded
to other papers, i So we go. : Fraud on
one hand and interested exposure of it
on the pthertJ

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