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BMOCEAT. F. T. FOSTER, Publisher. Devoted lo llie Interet or tlie Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General TTcwi. TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM. IN ADVANCE. ' VOL. IV-NO. 52. EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1871. WHOLE NUMBER -227. Kentucky and Railroads. The Commonwealth of Kentucky, through her Legislature, has entered a solemn protest against the con- " struction of the proposed Southern Railroad through her territory. Many accept the decision in a broad sense, and claim that her action de monstrates an unreasonable opposi tion to all such popular innovations as steam transportation, notwith standing she has permitted the lay ing of some hundreds of miles ol track through her most favored and wealthy regions, and has steam craft plying all her navigable waters. She has been. sharply criticized in all quarters, although the fact is gener ally conceded that her representa tives consulted their own -individual interests, if not those of the Louis ville and Nashville Railroad Com pany, in denying tlie right to the Cin cinnati Southern Railroad Company. "When it is considered that the city of Cincinnati, had guaranteed the payment of 810,000,000 ; toward building the proposed road, and that Kentucky would have been enriched by that amount of taxable property being added to her assessment roll, we naturally wonder at her indiffer- . ence, and are disposed to judge her rather harshly, especially as there is no apparent reason for the refusal. Well, it is a notable fact that the State of "old Kentucky" is not in the van of progress". ' Her movements in all public enterprises and of in ternal improvements, it must be con fessed, are slow, to say the least, and she seems to be indifferent whether her inaptitude for exertion and her inertness are agreeable to the world at large or not. But there is a reason, and a very good reason, for all this. The peo ple of Kentucky are physically and morally, and perhaps to some extent socially, very similar to .those of other portions of the country. A class of citizens who trace their de scent from Plymouth Rock Aay take exceptions to this assertion ; but they are at liberty to discredit it ifthey wish ; the fact standg, nevertheless, whatever hideous visions of Kuklux - may be conjured up in the minds of these doubting Thomases, by the mention of Kentucky. But the soil, climate, and geographical peculiar ities, of the State render her dissimi lar to any other in the broad expanse of the Union. Kentucky is 'a hap pily favored spot. Her smiling val leys, lofty hills, lovely streams, - proud forests, and bounteous soil all contribute to render children self sustaining, self-reliant and independ ent of the thrift and material pros perity of her neighbors. The peo ple of Kentucky the proud, gallant and hospitable (if self-contained and self-satisfied) people of Kentucky have heretofore lived within their own confines, upon the products of their own soil principally, and clothed themselves comfortably with fab rics made in their own looms, from the fleece of their own sheep and the flax from their own fields. And they fared well. The cattle upon a thousand hills were theirs, and their granaries were filled to repletion with the products of their farms. Her fine grazing lands were the mag azines from which the markets of distant cities were supplied with such juicy beef and pork as no other State could produce, and vast herds of horses and mules were shipped every year from her borders ; while a glance' at the Turf Register will satisfy any one of the superiority of her blooded racers. Every variety of cereal responds in abundance to the moderate labor of the husbandman ; it is a land that,' literally, "if tickled with a hoe laughs with a harvest.'' Delicious vegetables and fruits come early to their tables and linger late each year, and every blessing of con tent and plenty is cast with a lavish hand in Kentucky's lap. A prudent, energetic Kentuckian need scarcely stir from the confines of his own land to possess himself of any ar ticle of use or luxury that a reasona ble creature could wish. Of course, when he wants articles of ornament, rather than of use, such as china ware, Brussels carpets, gilt wall pa per and exotics, he must obtain them from abroad. But these barren van ities are counteibalanced by indige nous luxuries which are not unpalata ble even to that species of the genus homo which sports the cerulean ab domen old Bourbon and tobacco. In view of these facts, which are indisputable, is it a matter of sur prise that Kentucky should be in a measure apathetic when overtures arc made to cut up her fair fields with the avenues of commerce and send the iron horse shrieking down her valleys and through the bowels of her everlasting hills? When it is proposed to disturb tlie quiet that has so long reigned over her verdant fields and woodlands, and exchange the plaintive cry of the whippoorwill for the crash and clang and rattle of the express train ? It is asking a great sacrifice of those whose memo ries are green, and whose fancy an ticipates pictures of the future and contrasts them with the delicious liinnings of the peaceful past. But the logic of events cannot be withstood. Civilization is a great tyrant and destroyer of idols. Per haps it erects new ones in their places, but that is neither here or there. Those things and places, as well as people, which . are endeared by time and association must yield to the inevitable edict of mutation. Old things pass away, and new things, new ways, new habits, new styles and new people- take their places. In time, the new become the old, and must abide the same order of inexorable fate. And so we say to Kentucky: The palmy days of your glory, your hap piness, your hospitality in short, your mode of living and letting live is passing quietly, but surely, away, never to return. You must accept the issue, whether graciously or not. Man is not the absolute master of all his title deeds define. He may plow, and sow, and reap, and enjoy the fruits of his labors, but when the great spirit o" progress foreshadows improvements for the general good, and says a canal must run through here, a railroad there, and a telegraph line at another place, and the termini to be at such and such .places, poor man, whose garden has been dese crated, and proprietary rights out raged, must submit to the fiat, for it is unalterable. It is a waste of shoe leather and an aggravation of corns to kick against the pricks. - Now, the Cincinnati Southern Railroad is an indispensable neces sity to one-half the Southern States and to one-fourth of the West. It mast and will be built ; and any at tempt of the Legislature or people of Kentucky to defeat it will but render the majority more resolute in seek ing their own interests. While we appreciate, and, to some extent, sym pathize with the spirit which mista kenly places obstructions in the way of this great and ' necessary work, in so far as they may only desire to en force their ancient rights and privili ges, we must at the same time con cede that the road will be of immense value to the State itself, and there fore wish to see it built, however much it may at first blush seem to outrage the sentiments of its oppos- ers. We beg the people of Ken tucky to look at the subject in the light of the times, and we warn the Legislative that they are doing their constituents a wrong in refusing to grant the right of way. We hope to see a more progressive spirit evinced at the next session at Frankfort, and confidently expect to see, within two years, cars arriving in Cincinnati through from Tennessee without change, laden with the products of Southern Kentucky, Tennessee and Georgia, and returning with the mer chandise which will be exchanged for them in this market. A People on Stilts. The pictures of Rosa Bonheur have made us all acquainted with the singular habits which the shepherds of the lands south ot Bordeaux nave adopted 01 pass ing the creater part of their lives on stilts. The first time that a group of these people is seen, there is a curious emotion in the mind as of a strange prodigy. Dressed in sheep-skins, worn by time, knitting stockings or spinning thread, they grayely pass over the reeds or furze; the spectator, buried as it were, in the bushes, they lifted nearer the sky on the verge ot the norizon. The long stick which they handle with so much address, serving as a balancing pole or support for the arm, contributes still more to the strangeness of their ap pearance : the look like gigantic crickets preparing to spring. In the lands of Medoc, not only ine snepnera, Dut every one nses this style of locomotion ; the children have no fear, and the women who are invariably dressed in black, re semble large ravens perched on dead branches. The origin of stilts is un known ; but it is probable that they were not in use before the Middle Ages, as ancient authors make no mention of them. Perched on these borrowed legs, the shepherd watches over his charge concealed in the brush-wood, crosses uninjured the marshes and quicksands, fears not to be torn by thorns and dry twigs, and can at any time double the speed with which he ordinarily walks. These people are habitually retiring, and do not seem to like to be watched by strangers, who come to see them out of curiosity. For Job Printing call at this office. USEFUL INFORMATION. Lacquering Varnish. A varnish re commended as well adapted for lacquer ing pictures and engravings, as well as for preserving dried plants and flowers, is prepared by pounding up ten ounces of gum sandarac, four ounces of mastic, and half an ounce of camphor, and add ing three quarts of strong alcohol. The mass is to be frequently shaken up, and finally placed in a warm situation until it settles. Plants coated with this var nish will, it is said, be protected from destruction by insects, and will retain their color frish and unchanged. This varnish does not peel off, and, therefore, can be applied very thin. Galvanized Iron. A method of es timating the quantity of zinc existing in the plating of galvanized iron has been communicated to the Philosophical Magazine by Mr. T. Warren. The prin ciple of this method consists In the use of mercury to dissolve the zinc, when the loss of weight can be easily ascer tained. But a thin coating of an amal gam of iron and zinc will remain, which will take up a certain quantity of mer cury, and the amount of this amalgam present is measurable by the quantity of mercury it will take up. To determine this quantity of mercury, the iron is weighed, then heated to drive the mer cury off, and then weighed again, when the weight of mercury which has mixed with the amalgam will be at once ascer tained. The manufacture of gun-cotton has been so much improved that it is more and more used for quarrying, mining and military purposes. The cotton is now made in a compressed form, which can be handled and transported with safety, and can bo exploded by detona tion only. If set on lire without deto nation, it burns away harmlessly. This fact is generally in favor of increasing its use. About one hundred tons of the cotton are now sold yearly for blasting in quarries and mines a quantity equal to at least five hundred tons of gunpow der. In the slate quarries in Wales it is largely employed ; and there and in the mines the workmen find the advantage of having no smoke after a blast. Another New Cement. Among the novelties recently introduced, is a new cement in imitation of marble. It is well known that a cement, partly com posed of marble dust, was used by the ancients in coating the columns and walls of their buildings. It is found in Italy and other genial climes, to he not inferior to their native marble on expos ure to the effects of the atmosphere. The cement now under notice does not, however, contain any portion of marble dust, but is composed of gypsum de prived of its water of crystalization by great heat, and is then saturated with a solution of alum of proper strength. The mixture being then subjected to in tense heat, is equal in durability and ca pability of polish and color to the finest maible. Sulphate of alum, being the Dase on which most colors were struck, and alum the mordant used to fix them affords a sufficient proof, of the aptitude of the cement to receive any of the col ors in imitation of marbles, granite woods, etc. Smoking as a Surgical Appliance. Smoking is so evidently on the increase that the Food Journal thinks it highly desirable to dispel all ignorance upon the subject, and so far popularize all es sential facts peculiar to tobacco as to re duce such of its effects as are injurious to tne numan organism in the minimum. "Long known as a prophylatic," says that journal, "the dreadful war on the continent has revealed in tobacco a qual ity wnicn renders it a very lair ansees thetic. The soothing cigar has come to De a natural sequence to the cruel kmte in army surgery, and it is now notorious that the ex-Emperor of the French de rived no small part of his political safe ty previous to the war from the simple circumstance that he caretully supplied the army with large allowances of good tobacco a privilege that was highly ap preciated." City Cousins. It is wise and well lor city people to visit their menus and relations in the country. In order for them to have a good time, and to enjoy what the city does not anora green neias, wild flow ers, the song ol birds these visits should bs made in summer. City people, how ever, who go to the country to enjoy out door pleasures, should be content to make the most of them without taking up the time or interfering with the duties of the people they visit. If they wish to share the society of their country friends, thev should visit them in winter ; at least they should defer their visit till after haying and harvest. During the winter, there is plenty of time to talk and be social ; but when there is a field of lodged clover, of full grown timothy, or of over ripe wheat to be cut, there is no time to enter tain company. The farmer has no choice in the time to do his work. Seed time and harvest are ordained at particular seasons, and their duties must be at tended to then or never. Many a load of clover has been Diackened or ruined be cause the team had to go to the depot, a dozen miles away, to bring the Saratoga trunks 01 some city gin, who was pining to see her country aunt during the straw berry and cherry season . Alany a country cousin has had to hand-rake the morn ing mowing of timothy, because the gen tle horse that was used on the horse-rake had to go to the distant post office to carry letters for his pretty but trouble some city cousin. Country people are ordinarily glad to see their city friends, even in haying and harvest time, providing they "will make themselves at home ;" and will be satis fied with the enjoyment they can find in orchard, field, pasture and forest. Boys who can rake after the cart, get the cows and carry luncheon into the field ; and girls who will pick and prepare berries for the table, make beds and wash dishes will always be welcome to farmers' homes even in the season of hay and grain cutting. Genteel misses, however, who do not wish to rise till nine o'clock in the morning, who require an escort when crossing a pasture for fear of an attack from some pet cow ; who wish company from the house or field to assist in a game of croquet, in the middle of the alternoon, and who insist in thumping a piano or singing airs from the last opera at mid night, had better defer their visits till a time more convenient to their hosts. The same remark will apply to dyspeptic in dividuals, of all ages and of both sexes, who can not eat farmers fare at the hours they have it ready, but who require a great variety of foreign dainties served up in the latest city style. "VT.. 1 1. I . . . - .1 . IlUb KJlliy LUG 1UCU, UUb UlUt'Il Oil I the farm are busy during the summer. Thpir liavA the (lalrvr.n sa tin fruit tn ' put up for winter use; extra farm help to provide for with no extra house help, beside the ordinary cooking, washing and ironing for the family. In the city it is very easy to procure anything for the table at a very rew minutes' notice; but it is not easy to do so in the country. Hence persons with appetites so dainty that they can not eat baked beans, corned beef and bread and milk, should not crowed themselves on their country friends at a time when every hour is em ployed in necessary work, and every minute has its care. They should not want farmers' wives and daughters to make themselves uncomfortable that they may enjoy some extra comforts. Country cousins may be old-fashioned, ungenteel in the eyes of their city relatives, but after all they have some rights, that the latter are bound in reason to respect. If it is pleasant to escape from the close air ot the city into the open fields, they should he content to put up with country fare, and to receive little attention from the persons they visit during the most busy season of the year. Coleman's Rural A Native Genius. One of the acqaintances of a New York editor, while traveling in the "far West," was at a loss what course to steer, and was rejoiced when a farm house pre sented itself before him. Near the road was a tall, raw-boned, overgrown, lantern-jawed boy, probably seventeen years of age, digging potatoes. He was a curi ous tigure to behold. What was lacking in the length of his tow breeches was amply made up for in width; his sus penders appeared to be composed of birch bark, grapvine and sheepskin ; and as for his hat (which was of a dingy white felt) poor thing, it had evidently seen better days but now, alas! it was only the shadow of its glory. Whether the tem pest of time had beaten the top in, or the lad's expanding genius had burst it out, it was difficult to tell; at any rate it was missing, and through the aperature red hairs in abundance stood looking six ways for Sunday. In short, he was one of the roughest specimens of domestic manufacture that mortal ever beheld. Our traveling friend (we quote the New Yorker), feeling an itching to scrape an acquaintance with the critter, drew up the reins of his horse, and began : "Halloo, my good friend, can you in form me how far it is to the next house ?" Jonathan started up, leaned on his hoe handle, rested one foot on the gambril of his sinister leg, and replied : "Halloo yourself ! how'd ye do? wall, I guess I can. 'Taint near as far as afore they cut the woods away. Then it was generally reckoned four mile ; but now the sun shrivels up the road, and don't make more'n two. The fust house you come to though is a barn, and the next is a haystack; but old Hoskins' house is on beyant. You'll be sure to meet his gals long afore you get there tarnal romping critters ; they plague our folks more'n a little. His sheep gets into our paster every day, and his gals into our orchard. Dad sets the dog al ter the sheep, and me arter the gals, and the way he makes the wool, and l the petticoats ny, is a sin to snakes." "I see you are inclined to be facetious, young man. Pray tell me how it hap pens that one of your legs is shorter than the other ?" "I never 'lows anybody to meddle with my grass tanglers, mistur ; but seein' it's you, I'll tell you. I was born so at my tickular request, so that when I hold plow I can go with one in the furrow and t'other on land, and not lop over ; 'sides it is convenient when I mow round a side hill?" "Very good, Indeed. How do your po tatoes come on this year ?" 'They don't come on. I digs 'em out, and there's an everlastin' snarl of 'em in each hill." "But they are small, I perceive." "Yes, I knows that. You see we planted some whoppin' bluenoses over in that 'ere patch there, and they flourished so allfiredly that this 'ere stopt growin', jest out of spite, 'cause they knowed they couldn't begin to keep up." 'You appear to be pretty smart, and I should think you could afford a better hat than the one you wear." "The looks ain't nothin' ; it's all in be havior. This 'ere hat was my religious Sunday-go-to-meetin' hat, and it's chock full of piety now. I've got a better one to hum ! but I don't dig 'taters in it, no how." 'Then you say it's about three and a half miles to the next house?" "Yes, sir, 'twas a spell ago, and I don't believe it's growed much shorter since." "Much obliged. Good-bye." "Good-bye to ye. That's a dar'n slick mare to your'n." There, reader, is a Jonathan of the first water lor you. You don't find his equal everywhere. Train. George Francis Train was recently in vited to address an Irish Emancipation meetin at Cork. He refused in a mod est little note, as follows : "I have already run off six hundred and eighty of my one thousand campaign mass meetings, where I have been un amiously nominated everywhere by the people for the Presidency, besides going round the world, via San Francisco, Ja pan, China, India, and the Suez Canal running the French Republic until bas tiled by Gamhetta, liberating O'Donovan Rossa (who, he told me, was my passen ger agent years ago at Skibbereen) and the Irish exiles, putting the San Domingo Grant clique and the Tammany Hall Tweed swindlers into chancery. I am consequently under the weather, and am laid up in 'dry-docks for repairs.' Two Turkish baths a day, fishing on Dr. Barter's lake simple diet the air of St. Anne's and the exercise in the beautiful groves of Blarney, are putting me in good shape to leave next week lor Switzerland, where my chil dren are to finish their education at Ve vay go then at once to France, and or ganize through Kountz Brothers, my Omaha hankers, my French colonization in Nebraska, commencing with one hun dred thousand French Communists. Hence, I must say 'no' to speaking in Ireland. What's the use of upsetting the Lord-Lieutenant; imprisoning the Chief of Police creating a panic in the Glad stone Ministry putting Disraeli into power making the Royal Household shake with the palsy Bismarck quake with paralysis Thiers go to bed with Banquo's ghost under the table and the swindling treaties of the High Joint 'dead-beats' scattered to the wind ! How does the Government know but what Mrs. Train's trunks, that Head Center Cotton of the Imperial sent out to Head Center Barter, at St. Anne's Hill, are packed with revolvers and Alabama mu nitions of war ? "GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN." "GEORGE FRANCIS TRAIN." "Next President of America--St. Anne's Hill, Blarney, July 14, 1871." ALL SORTS. Out of three hundred and seven mil lion people carried on English railroads in 13C9, only seventeen were killed by causes beyond their own control ; while in the streets of London one hundred and forty persons were killed. It is es timated that the orange peel on London pavements kills more people than all the English railroads. A Detroit druggist has on exhibition the hand and part of the arm of a man perfectly petrified, hut still showing every wrinkle of the flesh, the nails on the fingers, and the joints. The cords and muscles can be distinctly traced in the stone. It was found near a Mis souri battle field, and it is believed to be a relic of surgical work, the arm having the appearance of being un jointed at the elbow. The druggist calls it a "strange curiosity." Expenses op American Travelers. It is estimated that since the 1st of Jan uary not less than forty thousand of our citizens have sailed from the city of New York as European tourists. Estimating that the expenses of each one of these will average one thousand dollars and that is a small estimate we have the fact staring us in the face that, in this one item of pleasure travel alone, we spend forty millions of dollars, in gold, for mere pleasure and recreation. The question at once arises whether these tourists would not profit far more in personal pleasure and instruction to say nothing of the resulting benefit to the country, both financially and in a higher standard of citizenship if this money were expended in domestic travel The first pastime indulged in by the Versaillists. after overthrowing the Commune, was to go out gunning after journalists. The sport proved to be very enlivening, about one thousand being popped over in less than forty-eight hours. It is earnestly to be hoped that this practice of making game of journal ists will not extend ; they are already surrounded with tribulations and annoy ances enough, without the certainty of Decoming targets lor crazy soldiers, in the event of an insurrection. iV. O. Times. Cleanse the Skin. It is a curious fact, illustrating the necessity of cleanli ness and ol keeping the pores of the skin open, that if a coat of varnish or other substance impervious to moisture be applied to the exterior of the body, death will ensue in about six hours. The ex periment was once tried on a child at Florence. On the occasion of Pope Leo the Tenth's accession to the papal chair, it was desired to have a living figure to represent the Golden Age, and so a child was gilded all over with varnish and gold leaf. The child died in a few hours. If the fur of a rabbit or the skin of a pig be covered with a solution or India rubber in naptha, the animal ceases to breath in a couple of hours. Jo-operation of Tirr Wttt Tl ? ia-much good'sense'aha'truth in the re marks of a modern author, that no man ever prospered in the world without the co-operation of his wife. If she unites in mutual endeavors, or rewards his labor with an endearing smile, with what con fidence will he resort to his merchandise or his farm, fly over lands, sail upon the seas, meet difficulty and encounter dan ger, if he knows he is not spending his strength in vain, but that his labor will be rewarded by the sweets of home. Solitude and disappointment enter the history of man's life ; and he is but half provided for his voyage who finds but an associate for happy hours, while for his months of darkness and distress no sym pathizing nartner is prepared. Onlt an Idea. Bulwer says povertj is only an idea in nine cases out of ten Some men with ten thousand dollars a year suffer more for want of means than others with live hundred dollars. The reason is, the richer man has artificial wants. His income is ten thousand dol lars a year, and he suffers enough in being dunned for unpaid debts to kill a sensitive man. . A man who earns a dol lar a day and does not go in debt is the happier of the two. Very few people who have never been rich will believe this ; but it is true. There are thousands and thousands with princely incomes who never know a minutes peace There is really more happiness among the workingmen in the world than among those who are called rich. Good Books. A good book is a treasury oi gold. Jllacaulay says or good books: "These are old friends who are never seen with new faces, who are the same in wealth and in poverty, in glory and in obscurity. In the dead there is no change. Plato is never sullen. Cer vantes is never petulant. Demosthenes never comes unreasonably. Dante never stays too long. No difference of political opinion can alienate Cicero. No heresy can excite the horror of Bossuet." Thanks to God for good books. They afford joy and comfort without stint. There is one book we cannot read too often or too much. God's word is above all others. It is a living fountain of everlasting peace. Study the Scriptures, for they are able to make you wise unto salvation. In the United States there are eight cities of over two hundred thousand in habitants each, namely, New York, Phil adelphia, Brooklyn, St. Louis, Chicago, Baltimore, Boston and Cincinnati. The combined population of these cities is ttree million three hundred thousand in round numbers less actually than that of the city of London. Most of our cities, however, are comparatively in their in fancy, while London is two thousand years old. Forty years ago the popula tion of London was a million and a half, and for the last hundred years its annual growth has been very uniformly limited to about sixteen per :ent., while our cities have been advancing at rates vary ing from fifteen to one hundred and eighty five per cent. A horrid Ku-Klux band near Dublin, Georgia, visited an old man and his two sons, who are able-dodied men, but so miserably lazy that their little coming crop had disappeared in tall grass and weeds, and they had become a burden to the community. Calling the father out, the chief, in husky tones, announced to him that their mission on earth was to instruct him to plow his land. The old man and his sons, all trembling at the sight of the unearthly visitors and their direful tones, asked with what must they plough ; would an ox do ?" "Yes," an swered the chief demon, "anything," and so the dreadful company withdrew. The school-boys in passing by the grass eaen farm next day, witnessed the sin gu.ar sight of the old man ploughing with all his might, and one of the sons driving the other, who was pulling the plow through the matted grass with the strength and facility of a beast of burden. Tlie Plaee of Lee's Surrender. Edward A. Pollard contributes to Old and New, for August, a paper on his "Recollections of Appomatox Court house," in which he thus refers to the meeting between Gens. Grant and Lee, on the occasion of the latter's surrender : It has been popularly reported that the interview between the two commanders took place under an apple tree, which has consequently been crowned with historic associations. It is false. The fact is, that, in the morning of the 9th of April, Gen. Lee, with a single mem ber of his staff, was resting under an apple tree, when Col. Babcock, of Gen. Grant's staff, rode up under a flag of truce, saying, that 11 Gen. Liee remained where he was, Gen. Grant would come to him by the road the latter was then pursuing. This was the only interview under or near the apple tree ; and It may be mentioned here, that the following day Col. Marshall, who attended Gen. Lee on the occasion, was surpried to find Federal soldiers hacking at the tree, and was amused at their idea of obtaining from it mementoes of the surrender. Obtaining news of Grant's approach, Gen. Lee at once ordered Col. Marshall to find a fit and convenient house for the interview. Col. Marshall applied to the first citizen he met, Mr. Wilmer McLean, and was directed to a house vacant and dismantled. He refused to use it; and Mr. McLean then offered to conduct him and the General to his own residence, a comfortable house, with a long portico and convenient ."sitting-room," furn ished after the bare style of the times. The house was about half a mile dis tant from Gen. Lee's camp. The Con federate commander was attended only by one of his aids, Col. Marshall, a youthful, boyish-looking scion of the old and illustrious Marshall family of Vir ginia, who had been the constant com panion of Gen. Lee in all his campaigns, and, as his private secretary, had done good literary service in the preparation of reports of battles, etc., which are now historical. With Grant there were sev eral of his staff-officers ; and a number of Federal generals, including Ord and Sheridan, entered the room, and joined in the slight general conversation that took place there. The Interview opened without the least ceremony. The story has been frequent ly repeated, that Gen. Lee tendered his sword, and that Gen. Grant returned it with a complimentary remark. There was no such absurdity. Gen. Lee wore his sword (which wa3 not his usual habit), and, on the exchange of saluta tions, Gen. Grant remarked: "I must apologize. General, for not wearing my sword ; it had gone off in my baggage when I received your note." Gen. Lee bowed, and at once, and without further conversation, asked that Gen. Grant would state in writing, if he preferred it. the terms on which he would receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. Gen. Grant complied by sit ting at a tauiuin mo loom, and writing with a common lead pencil the note so wen remembered. , Three-foot Gauge Locomotive. This locomotive, with two others for freight service, has just been completed at the Baldwin Locomotive Works, and by the time this meets the public eve will undoubtedly be at work on the pioneer narrow-gauge line in tne united states As this machine is entitled to the desig nation of the first narrow-gauge pas senger locomotive built or operated in this country, a brief description of it will be of interest both to the railroad and general public. Its dimensions are as follows : : Cylinders.. ..9 laches diameter. stroke ol piston lb Indies Diameter of driving wheels 49 ' . " ponv wheels 21 . " Distance between center of pony wheels and centerof front drivers 6 feet 8ainches Distance between driving-wheel centers 6 feet S inces Total wheel-base of engine 11 feet 11 inches Kigid wheel-base (distance between driving-wheel centers).. 6 feet 3 inches Capacity of tender .. 600 gallons Diameter of tender wheels 24 inches Distance between centers of tender wheels 6 feet Total wheel-base or engine and tender.. Lb ft. 6Js In. Length of engine and tender over all 35 feet 4 in. Weight of tender empty pounds neiijub uieugiue iu wuraius uruer. ...zoauj " " on drivers 211,5000 " " k " on each pair of driv ers 10,250 " Weisrht of engine on ponv wheels 4.800 " Helghth of smoke stack above rail 9 feet 9 Inches Heiiihth of cab from foot board to celling; .6 feet 3 Inches It will be seen that the rigid wheel- base is given as 6 feet 3 inches, the dis tance between centers ol drivlhg wheels. This is due to the fact that the leading or pony wheels are fitted with a swing bolster and radius bar, allowing them to move laterally under the engine in pass ing curves. These wheels are also equal ized with the front pair of drivers. By this arrangement, while the pony truck assists in gmuing tne engine on a curve and so relieves the front pair of drivers irom the excessive wear of tires which would otherwise result, the rigid wheel base is reduced so that the engine will pass curves ol very short radii without difficulty. It is, in fact, only about two- thirds that ol the lour-wheeled cars designed and built for the same road. As much interest attaches to the sub ject of the speed practicable on narrow- gauge roads, we may remark that the proportions of this machine are such that it develops the same total travel of piston in going one mile as does a loco motive having 24 inches stroke ol piston and driving-wheels 5 feet -in diameter. It is therefore apparent that equal or nearly equal speeds are possible with this engine as with the engine of the usual pattern on the full gauge, i. e., 23 inches stroke and five feet drivers. The plan of this engine gives some what more than four-fifths of the whole weight on the drivers, so utilizing it for adhesion. Its tractive power on a good rail, exclusive of the resistence of curves, is as follows : On a level 5H gross tons' On a grade of 40 feet to the nille Iti4 On a grade of SO leet to the mile ! " " From the figures should he deducted 17 gross tons, the weight of the engine and tender in working order, to get the total weight of cars and lading which can be drawn on a level or on the grades named. Tlie freight locomotives built built for the same road have three pairs of drivers and a swing bolster pony truck. Their cylinders are 11 inches diameter and 16 inches stroke; drivers, 30 inches. The total weight of engine in working order is 33,500 pounds, of which about 29,000 are on the drivers. Being distributed to three pair of wheels, the weight on each pair of drivers is a little less than 10,000 pounds, nearly the same result as with the passenger engine. Railroad Gazette. Tlarriov "WJllinrYia anil " -M-i frt huva ..i eluded an engagement with Mr. Web ster, of the Adelphia Theater, London, for one hundred nights, to commence on the first Monday in Novem ber. DOMESTIC RECIPES. Making Cheese Without Artificial Heat. Take the milk as soon as milked, strain in tubs, add . rennet sufficient to curd, work off the whey, hang tip the curd to drain until morning, when the warm milk is brought in, and again, without any extra heat whatever, her curd is prepared-. Then the two curds are put together, chopped fine, salted well, put to press, and without any extra heat whatever. There is no waste of cream by standing over night; no waste Dy neat or scalding or cooking curd. When the cheese is pressed, 'tis fine and rich having all the richness contained in the new milk: no sour curd: no trouble with warming milk, as each milking is put In curd while warm from tne cow. Safett from Moths. A lady of large experience writes us as follows : There is no absolute safety from moths except ing in the absolute exclusion of the mil ler. It put away early In the season, be fore the millers make their, appearance. furs Can be kept in their own boxes with out danger of any kind, by simply past ing thin paper closely around them. No aperture must be left for the entrance of the miller, though the paste need not touch the boxes. Articles of any kind can be tied up very, tightly in pillow cases, or sewed up in sheets. To keep uresses, cloaks, etc., without creasing, suspend them near the upper edge of the sheet, then lay another sheet. over, sew the two sheets together at the edges, then sew loops at the Doner ede-e of this bag, and hang it up wherever you please. Be careful that there be no hole for the miller to enter: In order to secure fur ther safety it Js well to beat and brush the furs and garments well beiore put ting them away, and if it is any thing that can.be heated, it may not be amiss to heat it enough to destroy the eggs that may be already laid. Management of Brooms. If brooms are wet in boiling suds' once-a week, tney .tviu oecome ery-tough.--wHl not cut a carpet, last much longer, and sweep like a new broom. A handful or so ol salt, sprinkled on, the carpet, will carry the dust with it, and make the car pet look bright and clean. A dusty car pet may be cleaned, by setting a pail of cold water out by the. door, wet the broom in it, knock it to get off all the drops, sweep a yard or so, then wash the broom as before, and sweep -again, iieing careful to shake all the drops off the broom, and not sweep far at a time. If done with care, it -wiH clean a carpet very nicely, and you will he surprised at the quantity of dirt in the water The water may need changing once r twice if the carpet is very dirty. Snow sprinkled over a carpet, and swept off before it has had time to dissolve or melt, it is also nice for renovating a soiled carpet.- Moistened Indian meal is used with good effect by house-keepers.. What is said in the followin-fa-true: -In many town aiid city houses, the apartments re ceive but .one through, sweeping a week. Brooms wear out carpets quite as much as feet do. . Polished Shirts. Put! littleTcom mon wax in your starch, say two ounces to the ponnd ; then if you useany thin patent starch, be sure you use it warm, otherwise the wax will get cold and gritty, and spot your linen, giving it the appearance of being stained with grease. It is different with colar starch it can be used quite. cold ; -however, oft that anon. Now; then, about polishing shirts ; starch the fronts and wristbands as stiff as you can. "Always starch twice, that Is, starch and dry, then starch again. Iron your shirts tn the usual way, mak ing the linen nice and firm, but Without any attempt at a good flnisbi ilon!t lift the plaits ; your shirt is now ready for polishing, but you ought to have a board the same size as a common shirt board, made of hard wood, and covered, with only one ply of plain cotton cloth. 1 Put this board into the breast of your "shirt, then take a polishing iron,. which is flat and beveled at one end polish, gently with the beveled part, taking care-omt to drive the linen up into wave-like blist ers ; of course, this requires a little" prac tice, hut if you are careful and presevere, in a short time you will be able to give that enamel-like finish which, seems to be so much wanted. . . - ' Build Him a Fire. Ferrin, the landlord of the Westmin ster Hotel, in New York, is not often nonplussed, but last August a dapper little Frenchman staggered him for a moment. Walkinor im fn tlio nffloo Ha accosted Ferrin with : . . ,,. i "If you please, Monsieur, you, shall send bill de fire in my room." ' "A what!" said Fearin, looking at the thermometer, which indicated ninety two degrees. ... "I wish ze bill de fire in my apart ment," repeated the Frenchman. "All right, sir," said Ferrin, wHK that outward imperturbality with which the true hotel-keeper receives an order for an.Vthinsr. if it he. o-nld liner rnrllinar nrSfh diamond plums. "John I fire in 10,001." 1 ' ' "Yes sur-r-r I" said John ; and by the time the Frenchman had arrived at his room. John, with nmanlnifinn imii.tniv off of him, had the grate filled and a uia.ee roaring Up me emmney iiko mad. "Vat ze diable you do ?" cried the as tonished foreigner. "Built a fire, sir, as ye ordered," re plied the other exile. "Fire betam!" screamed the French man. "T shall roast mvaplf mith th heat!" and, rushing down stairs, he ap- peareu at me omce witn in named lace and moistened shirt-collar, exclaiming: "I ask von not for zp f!n. Vsr.f think T wish to make myself more hot, eh ? I call for bill de fire ze bill, ze carte, so I can eat myself wiz my dinnalre." -uiii oi iare r un i yes.slr," said Fer rin. "I beg your nardon." And h politely passed out the programme for the dav. but dertuted nne nf rim of the restaurant: tn nnanror imr I'nrtha. orders from the subject of Napoleon. Self Esteem. A man may be addicted to manv viees. and yet there may be a hope of reclaim ing him. But the moment he loses all sense of character, and all consciousness of a superior nature that is, the moment lie begins to look upon himself and his vices as worthy of one another that moment an nope of reclaiming hhn per ishes ; for the last ground is surrendered on which it is posiible for his remaining good principles to rally and make a stand. We have often known men who have retained their self-respect long after they had lost their regard for principle: but never one who retained his regard for principle alter he had lost his self-re spect. Destroy this, and you destroy everything: for a man who does not re spect himself, respects nothing.