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Eaton weekly Democrat. (Eaton, Ohio) 1866-1875, August 01, 1872, Image 1

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Democrat;:-
jATON
EEKL.Y
. .
' h G. GOULD, Publisher. Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of Local and General News. Two Dollars per Annum, in Advance,
VOL. Y. NO. 43. . . EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 1, 1872. WHOLE NUMBER 275.
Persevere and Prosper.
Persevere and Prosper. AN ARABIAN TALE, BY JOHN. G. GAXE.
, i' To the manly will there' ever s way 1"
Said a simple Arab youth ;
And I'm going to try. this very day.
If my teacher tells the truth ;
II e always saying the good old man
i"'w, please remember, my dear,
xou are sure to win. whatever you plan,
' "If you steadily persevere 1'
. - I mean to try it upon my life !
If I go through fire and water;
And, sinee I wish to marry a wife.
I'll have the Califs daughter I"
So off to the Visier straight he gees.
Who only laughed at the lad ;
And said him " Nay " as you may suppose
For he thought the fellow was mad 1
And still for many and many a day
He came to plead his ease.
. But the Visier only answered " Nay,"
And laughed him in the face.
At la?t, the Cailif came across
The youth in the Visier 'a ball.
And. aoking what his errand was.
The Visier told him all.
"Now by my head I" the Calif said.
a . xis only the wise aud great
1 4 Califs daughter may ask to wed,
4j. For rank, with rank must mate ;
unless, mayhap, some valiant deed
May rerve for an equal claim
( For merit, I own, should have its meed.
And princes yield to fame.)
In the Tigris onoe a gem was lost,
'Twas ages and ages sinee.
ruby of wondrous sise and est,
' And fit for the noblest prince :
That gem. my lad. must surely be
Somewhere beneath the water
2 Go find it. boy, and bring it to me.
Then eome and marry my daughter I"
"And so I will 1" the lad replied.
A nd off to the river he ran ;
And he dips away at the foamy tide
As fast a ever he can ;
With a little cop he dips away :
- " Now what's the fellow about?
He's going to Ind the gem some day.
By draining the Tigris out I
And still he dips by day and night.
Till the fishes begin to cry.
" This fellow is such a wilful wight.
He'll dip the river dry 1"
r And so they sent their monarch to say
(A wise and reverend fish),
" Now why are you dipping our water away T
And what do you please to wish ?"
" I want the ruby, sir." he cried ;
"Well please to let us alone,
i And stop your dipping, the fish-king cried,
.' " And the gem shall be your own 1
' And he fetched the ruby of wondrous rise,
JTrom out the foamy water :
And so the lad obtained his prixe.
And wed the Calif's daughter!
L'n vol.
This pleasant story was meant to teach
That pluek is more than skill :
And few are the ends bayond the reaeh
Of a strong, untiring will 1
A BOY'S DEFENSE.
The scene was in Sacramento street,
in front of a well known hotel. It was
twenty-two years ago, and San I rancis
co was in her infancy.
Quite a crowd had gathered on the
street, and the center of attraction was
a big fellow, who stood with ' newspaper
in. hand, raving and cursing.
".What's the matter, Wolf? " asked
anew comer, who was evidently famil
iar -with the irate man.
," Matter 1 " returned . Wolf, for that
wits' his name, "matter- enough, an'
rough enough it'll -be . for - some folks.
Them young whelps that print this pa
per has-gene an' published somethin'
'bout me. O, I'll fix 'em! They'd bet
ter never ha' been born 1 They'd better
go an' kill themselves after ten mitiutes;
it'll be an easier death fur 'em."
Wolf was a noted desperado, who, it
was said, had killed more than twenty
men, and but few knew him who did
not fear him. He was at that time chief
of a gang of loafers and gamblers that
were nearly always to be found loung
ing in the vicinity alluded to, and dis
turbing the peace' of the' Whole neigh
borhood daily with riotous conduct. If
there was any law in those days it was
seldom executed against such charac
ters, and in the full consciousness that
they weia feared they did pretty much
as they pleased.
,The newspaper which had given dead
lyuofiehse." to. Wolf . was a little-weekly
journal, and its office was in the second
story of a building on' the same street
with the hotel I have mentioned, and
only a few -rods distant. ' It was pub
lished by two young men or, I might
say, boys, for they were only eighteen
and twenty, years old, respectively
named Darrell and Kaynes. The paper
and its youthful proprietors were already
well known in the city of San Francisco.
The article which had excited the
wrath of the ruffian Wolf was a bold
denunciation of himself and his crowd,
and it v particularly mentioned him by
name, characterizing him as a" bluster
ing bully." It was the work of young
Darrell, a fearless boy hailing from the
Western States. Before leaving "his
home in the Mississippi valley, he had
acquired a fair education,' so that he
could at least edit a newspaper in those
early- days ; and he possessed, besides,
that courage and daring which may be
natural in the first place, and which are
more thoroughly developed by exposure
to danger and hardships. Young Kaynes
Was. quite a different kind of person
in point of courage, being of an unusu
ally timorous nature. . .
. To return to the scene on Sacramento
street.' Working himself up into his
very -worst moexj and h s best was bad
enough Wolf tore the paper to atoms
anjdj started-, for the publication office.
He was followed by a. curious rabble,
UApaA oS whom, were . elated with the
prospect of a murder, though there were
some present who would have remon
. strated with the evil-hearted man, bald
they dared. . .
"Just vou watch." said Wolf, as he
reached the door, "if ye want to see
the'r .bloody carcasses tumble out o' the
window. ''It won't be long; I don't
spend much time on such fellows."
It wss the intention of the cruel-
hearted man actually to cut the throats
ot these boyish journalists and throw
their bodies out of the window, for the
gratification of the crowd, and the
further exaltation of his already tearful
name, bo the mob on the street await
ed the issue with feverish expectation,
as Wolf, nourishing his knife and revolv
er, entered the rude frame building
ana rushed up stairs.
All unconscious of their danger, the
two young editors were busily pursuing
their usual worK in their primitive ot
fice. "-If they had heard the noise with
out, they paid no attention to it, sup
posing it was merely a street row such
as they were accustomed to hearing every
day. Darrell was silting at a rude table
writing, and Kaynes was at the counter
arranging some papers for the mail.
They heard a clatter of heavy boots
on) the stairs, but supposed it was some
rough miner coming to subscribe for the
paper, or, perhaps, to see a lawyer who
occupied a couple of rooms on the same
iloor ; for the building was only a two
story one, and the second lioor was oc
cupied exclusively by them and the
attorney their rooms being separated
from his by a narrow hall-way that was
reached by the flight of stairs alluded to.
"Ah, ha I I've got ye, me young
imps I " exclaimed the desperado, burst
ing in.
Kaynes recognized him and turned
pale. Being at the counter, which faced
the door and extended across the room,
he was naturally the first mark for
Wolfs vengence.
"Ye young rascals l" he hissed, scowl
ing like a madman. " Ye'll never write
nor print nothin' more, 'bout me." Here
he nourished his knife and revolver
above his head. " I've got a sure thing
on both of ye 1 " Saying this he looked
about him, with a careful scrutiny, to
see that there was no means of escape
for the quiet youth at the table, who, of
course, would not dare to jump over the
counter and try to pass him, but would
cower down in a corner and take his
turn at being killed ; then he reached
across the counter and seized Kaynes
by the hair, which was unfortunately
very long.
Coiling the terrified young man's
locks around the great, coarse fingers of
the left hand, Wolf laid the revolver ap
on the counter, without the slightest
apprehension that his youthful adver
sary would snatch it up and use it on
him, as he might have done had he
possessed the nerve, then flourishing his
big gleaming Kmte deliberately with
pure hendishness, prolonged ivaynes'
terror and pain.
.Now, pray, you young un he hiss
ed. " You've got a couple o' seconds
or so left jest while I'm clippin' yer
ears off. I'll take 'em off first, clean
and smooth, then I'll cut yer throat an'
throw yer out o' the winder. D'ye hear
that?"
Such was Wolfs reliance on the terror
his name everywhere inspired, that he
never dreamed of resistance. He sim
ply intended to .butcher the two young
men, and such a thing as an obstacle to
his will was not to be thought of. Had
Darrell possessed no more nerve than
Kaynes there can be' no doubt that
they would have been murdered then
and there in the exact accordance with
Wolfs programme.
"lime! he said, grinding his teeth in
an ecstacy of rage, and drawing Kaynes'
white face closer to his own repul
sive countenance. " The're a waitin'
to see yer carcass drap down into the
street." Here he flourished his knife and
selected his mark. " Right ear first.
Watch how clean an' smooth I'll take
it off. I won't even touch a hair."
Kaynes bawled for mercy. "O O
don't," the poor fellow shrieked, trem
bling with terror. " O, don't, Mr.
Wolf! I didn't write that, on my
soul 1" and he whined like a schoolboy.
" None o yer lyin 1" said Wolf fierce
ly. " Yer both wrote it, darn ye 1 an'
both of ye 11 pay lor it I Here he exe
cuted decided circles with his flashing
knife, having apparently prolonged the
torture as much as he desired. " Here
goes : look out when I count three 1"
The knife was ready to descend. " One
-two"
He stopped and started. He had not
observed the movement of young Dar
rell during the last few seconds, and
just as he was on the point of clipping
olt iLaynes' ear in the polished manner
he had descanted upon, -he found the
muzzle of a rifle thrust almost into his
face.
It was a loaded rifle, which, luckily, a
friend of Darrell's had left in his keep
ing that very morning while he went
out to make some purchases. It had.
stood in the corner of the room near his
table, and Darrell had seized it, cocked
and leveled it with such dexterity that
he had Wolt covered belore his move
ments were observed ; and he stood
motionless as a statue his cool eye
glancing over the sights, and a steady
hnger on the trigger.
" You great bully 1" he said; "drop
that knife instantly. Mind, I came
from the country where they shoot
squirrels only through the eye. I can
hit any hair ot your big nead that you
will mention at a hundred yards. Drop
that knife 1"
The ruffian was fairly paralyzed. He
relaxed -his grip on poor Kaynes, who
sank fainting on the floor, and his mur
derous Knife tell upon the counter. So
unexpected was this bold attitude of
Darrell that Wolf was more startled
than if a dozen of the roughest men
in California had assailed him.
There stood the boyish editoi, mo
tionless as the wall, and the muzzle of
the rifle did not move the breadth of a
hair. Darrell held th desperado's life
in his hands.
" You cowardly bully 1" he repeated
contemptuously ; " don't dare to move
1 can send a bullet through your eyeball
without touching the white. Don't
move the eighth of an inch, or I'll do
it, and throw your filthy carcass out ot
the window 1
Wolf glanced at his revolver lying
upon the counter, within two feet of his
eye, but did not venture to reach lor it,
Dare to touch that revolver so
much as look at it again," said Darrell,
and I'll make a red picture on the
wall there behind you. You blustering,
bragging knave ! you are a coward at
heart a despicable cur I You came up
here to murder two boys because you
thought it a nice, easy task, and now
you are pale and trembling with fear.
would kill you in your tracks, but tbat
1 don't want your dirty blood on my
hands. Go, now. Turn instantly. Leave
your knife and revolver where they are.
1 11 keep them, tio down to your mends
on the street, and tell them a boy whip
ped you disarmed you and kicked you
down stairs 1 Do as I tell you, instant
ly. If you hesitate, you will never see
the sun rise."
Wolf, trembling from head -to foot,
glanced once more at his revolver, but
did not dare to raise his hand. His
face was pale and his lips were dry.
," Do you hear me ?" demanded Dar
rell, sternly.
" Yes, yes ; don't shoot I" replied
Wolf, turning about, as commanded.
lie was thoroughly cowed.
" Do not turn your ugly face this way
again," said Darrell, " or you will pay
lor it with your lite. Move I"
Tamer than a whipped cur, the ruffian
walked toward the door, and Uarrell
springing over the counter, was at his
heels in an instant.
" Don't look back, or I'll kill you 1"
Meekly obeying the imperative orders
of the youth. Wolf moved slowly out of
the room into the narrow corrider.
' Be careful ; don't don't let that
gun go on." wolt stammered, as he
reached the head of the stairs.
At this moment the clamors of the
impatient crowd below arose with terri
ble distinctness, and one shrill voice
was heard to say :
" Hurry up, Wolf. Why don't you
throw them fellers out f"
Exasperated beyond measure, he was
on the point of turning back, at the
risk ot his lire ; for after all his brag
gadocio how could he face those below,
disarmed and chased out of the build
ing by one of the puny boys he had in
tended. so terribly to chastise? But
Darrell was after him, and with one vig
orous kick sent him heels over head
down the wooden stairs, with a thun
dering clatter, add rolling over the door
sill the defeated bully actually tumbled
out upon the street before he could re
cover his equilibrium.
"Hellowl How's this? What's up 7"
asked a dozen voices at once, as the
dreaded man reappeared in this undig
nified shape, without having sent any
corpses down from the window.
" Why, I simply kicked him down
stairs that's what's the matter I" re
sponded the boyish voice of Darrell at
the head of the stairs ; " and if he
comes here again, I won't let him off so
easily. Don't be afraid of him, I took
all of his weapons from him."
Wolt struggled to his 'feet, rubbing
his head, and presenting such a ludi
crous appearance that he was greeted
with jeers and bursts of laughter. So
completely had ho tumbled from his
lofty eminence in the eyes of those who
eifher admired or feared a bold mur
derer, that they who an hour ago would
have dreaded to offend him by word or
look, now regarded him only with con
tempt laughed at and derided him.
" Ha, ha, ha 1" resounded on all sides.
" Licked by a boy ! Bah 1 Kicked
down stairs by a child 1 Got your bark
ers took from you I Where's them
corpses ? Ha, ha, ha 1 You ought to be
egged out of town ! Three groans for
Wolt I" and the three groans were given
with a Will.
" Three cheers for the little boy that
licked him 1" was responded to by three
loud and enthusiastic cheers.
Never before had the crowd seen a
man with an established reputation, like
Mr. Wolf, thus suddenly Jail to such a
depth of degradation. All his name,
fame, prestige, melted away like a mist,
and he was no longer feared no longer
respected by the low thieves and cut
throats around him only despised.
Yes, despised by the meanest of crea
tures, whom he had ofttimes bullied as
though they had been hounds.
11 ow little, how pusillanimous he
looked now, as he slunk away towards
Montgomery street I Those who had
known him for the past year regarded
him as a giant, now fancied that he
stood barely five feet six in his boots.
The dread that had surrounded his
name had cleared away like vapor.
Such was wolfs mortification when
he came fully to realize what a pitiable
figure he had cut, that he left San
b rancisco, and was Been in her streets
no more. The latality that had appar
ently thus far shielded and assisted him
in bis murderous work now suddenly
deserted him. He was destined never
to commit another murder ; but was'
himself shot dead in bacramento within
three weeks after the events narrated.
I do not know what became of Kaynes,
or whether he is still alive, but I know
that Darrell, the brave . boy whose cool
ness and courage saved them both, is
to-day a gentleman of position residing
in a flourishing city of Nevada.
Singular Robbery.
A bold and unique robbery was per
petrated in a New York boarding house
on the 17th of July, which is thus
recorded in a letter from that city :
A man and woman, calling themselves
Mr. and Mrs. James, engaged board
about a week ago with Mrs. Annette
Hardy, 563 Broome street. This morn
ing two unknown men called and asked
to see Mr. and Mrs. James, and were
shown into the parlor, where they were
soon after joined by the above parties,
who appeared delighted to Bee them,
and immediately sent out for some
liquor. Upon receiving the liquor, the
party asked Mrs. Hardy to join them,
which she did. She was not long in
the parlor when she was bound by the
visitors, and, upon her crying out, they
gagged her. The servant, Mary Arm
strong, hearing the cry, came to see
what was the matter, and was treated in
a like manner. The thieves then col
lected many articles, with which they
escaped, Mr. and Mr3. James going with
them. The total value ol the property
stolen is stated at $1,100.
Protest of a Christian Horse.
The savs :
During the recent Sunday School Con
vention, held in this village, one of the
delegates hitched his horse in front ot
. H. LiUther s at an early hour, and
that horse stood there in the hot sun
from eight o'clock in the morning until
alter nve m the atternoon nine long
hours) without food or drink. It was
black, small pony, with one white
hind foot, hitched to a black, gold
mounted top buggy, in which was a
white blanket trimmed with red. Dur
ing the atternoon some one placed a
card on the horse on which was print
ed : "I belong to a Christian ; have
stood here since morning without food
or drink."
An Ingenious Discovery.
¬
able sleepless nights, has immortalized
himsell by discovering a method of
keeping babies quiet. The mode of
operation is as follows : As soon as the
squallcr awakes set it up, propped up by
a pillow, if it cannot sit alone; then
smear its fingers with thick treacle
then put half a dozen feathers into its
hands, and it will sit and pick the
feathers from one hand to the other
until it drops asleep. As soon as
wakes again treacle and more feathers,
and in place of the nerve-astounding
yells there will be silence and enjoy
ment unspeakable.
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
Crop Rotation.
A five years' rotation, adopted in Eng
land for light, loamy land, is : First
year, roots; second, barley; third and
fourth, clover; fifth, wheat. The ad
vantages of this system are that the
land gets a thorough cleaning, and a
mellow seed bed is prepared for the bar
ley ; and a young sod is held to be, when
broken up by a single plowing, a good
preparation for a sound seed bed for the
ensuing wheat crops. In the West
roots are not raised as a part of the ro
tation, but the corn crop should be
used for the same purpose that roots
are in England ; one of which is, clear
ing the soil from weeds.
How Many Eggs Can a Hen Lay?
question how many eggs a hen can pos
sibly lay, as follows : The ovary of a hen
contains about 600 embryo eggs, of
which, in the first year, not more than
20 are matured. The second year pro
duces 120 ; the third, 135 ; the fourth,
1 14 ; and in the following four years the
number decreases by twenty yearly.
In the ninth year only ten eggs can be
expected, and thus it appears that
after the first four years hens cease to
be profitable as layers.
Grass for Horses.
There can be no doubt that grass is
the natural food of the horse, for it is
cooling, and slightly medicinal, keeping
the bowels open, sharpening the appe
tite, and hence is healthful. This is
evident from the fact that if the animal
is ailing, there is nothing that will so
surely promote digestion and remove
all tendency to fever in the system as
green grass. A short nip at the grass
daily for a horse that is kept up is ben
eficial, and there need be no fear that
he will lose in condition from it, or f-ail
either in speed or strength. No farmer
should deprive his horse of grass in its
season. It is not only the cheapest but
the best food he can have.
Capacity of the Horse.
At a meeting of the British Associa
tion, at Dublin, Mr. Charles Bianconi,
of Caspel, read a paper relative to his
extensive car establishment, after which,
a gentleman stated that at Pick ford's,
the great English carrier's, they could
not work a horse more than ten miles a
day, and wished to hear Mr. Bianconi's
opinion on the subject. Mr. B. stated
he found by experience he could better
work a horse eight miles a day for six
days in the week than six miles a day
for seven days. By not working on
Sunday he effected a saving of twelve
per cent. Mr. Bianconi's opinion on this
Eoint is of the highest importance, for
e has over nine hundred horses, work
ing sixty-seven conveyances, which daily
travel 2,244 miles. It is also the result
of forty-three years' experience.
Advice to Farmers.
The Maine Farmer says :
again to urge farmers to have greater
regard for their personal health and
comfort than is generally the case. We
know just how hard farmers have to
work, and how pressing are the demands
of the present season. But nothing is
gained by hard and long-continued ap
plication. Work in the morning and
at night, and, if possible, enjoy a long
" nooning" it will do you no harm.
Bathe - frequently, and never repose at
night in the inner clothing in which
you have worked during the day. Have
a light, clean night shirt, to take the
place of that full of perspiration and
dust, and enjoy to its fullest extent the
refreshing influenceof the night's rest.
Eat wholesome and well prepared food,
but avoid ' ah excessive use ot fresh
meats. Drink sparingly of cold water
during hot weather ; great injury often
results from this cause.
To Test the Quality of Wool.
wool from the sheep's back and place it
upon an inch rule. If you can count
from thirty to thirty-three of the spirals
or folds in the space of an inch, it equals
in quality the finest Electoral or Saxony
wool grown. Of course, when the num
ber of spirals to ;he inch diminishes, the
quality of the wool is relatively inferior.
Many tests have been tried, but this is
considered the simplest and best. Cots
wold wool and some other inferior wools
do not measure nine spirals to the inch.
With this test every farmer has in his
possession a knowledge which will
enable him to form a correct judgment
of all this kind of wool. There are
some coarse wools which experienced
wool-growers do not rank as wool, but
as hair, on account of the hardness and
straightness of the fiber.
To Ascertain the Weight of Live Cattle.
;
it
square; then, with a string, take his
circumference just behind the shoulder
blade, and measure the feet and inches
this is the girth. Then measure from
the bone of the tail which plumbs the
line with the hinder part of the buttock,
and direct the string along the back to
the fore part of the shoulder-blade, and
this will be thf length. Then, work the
figures thus : Suppose girth of bullock
6 feet 4 inches, length 6 feet 3 inches,
which multiplied together make zi
square superficial feet, and these multi
plied by the number ot pounds ai
lowed for each superficial foot of cattle
measuring less than seven and more
than five feet in girth make 759
pounds. When the animal measures
less than nine and more than seven feet
in girth, 31 is the number of pounds to
be estimated for each superficial foot.
And suppose a small animal to measure
2 feet in girth and 2 feet in length, these
multiplied together make 4 feet, which
multiplied by 11 the number of pounds
allowed for each square -foot when the
cattle measure less than three feet in
girth make 44 pounds. Again : sup
pose a calf or sheep, etc., to measure
feet 6 inches in girth, and 3 feet 8 inches
in length, that multiplied together
makes 16 square feet, and these multi
plied by 16 the number of pounds al
lowed for cattle measuring less than five
and more than three feet in girth
make 356 pounds. The dimensions in
girth and length of the back of cattle,
sheep, calves and hogs, taken this way,
arc as exact as is at all necessary for
common computation or valuation of
stock, and will answer to the four quar
ters of the animal, sinking the offal. A
deduction must be made for animals
half fat, of one pound in twenty from
those that are fat ; and. for a cow that
has had calves, one pound must be
allow -;d in addition to the one for not
being fat, upon every twenty. Pedder'a
Land Measurer.
Agricultural Items.
There are 36 farms in New York of
over 1,000 acres each.
A New Hampshire farmer, while plow
ing deep most likely " while sluggards
sleep" plowed up a petrified Indian
eight inches long.
Insects rob American farmers of
$300,000,000 every year.
All European accounts agree that the
grain crops of Europe, especially in
Russia and Hungary, will be very de
ficient this year, and all that America
can spare will find a ready market on
the other side of the Atlantic.
There were in 1870 nearly 7,000 farms
in the United States of three acres or
less, on which at least $500 woi th of
produce had been raised for sale in that
year ; amongst these are. included mar
ket gardens, but not family gardens or
vegetable patches from which the own
ers did not procure a living.
Tub Legislature of New Jersey has
passed a law to encourage the manufac
ture of beet-root sugar in that State, by
exempting from taxation for ten years
any factory with the necessary machine
ry which may be put -into operation after
April, 1872.
The champion tree-planter Of Nebras
ka, and doubtless of the world, is J. D.
Smith, who lives near Lincoln, in' that
State, who planted on "Arbor day" one
tree per second for nearly ten hours.
The result is a grove of 33,550 trees.
At a sale of estates in England, lately,
farms were sold at $230 per acre. These
farms rented at $5 per acre, or less than
2 per cent, on the value. Few good
farms in New York or Pennsylvania
could be purchased or rented for any
less.
Steep some cut -hay in boiling water
for two or three hours ; pour off the
water, and give it to the animal to
drink, either warm or cold, as thought
best. It is a capital thing for horse,
cow, calf, sheep, or pig. Clover hay is
best.
The impression is rife that land is
rarely for sale in England ; on the con
trary, the chief advertising mediums of
England are plentifully furnished with
announcements of sales of estates, farms,
and lots of all sizes, from single roods
and acres up to immense estates, so
that it would seem the possession of
land is only circumscribed by the
ability to purchase it, there as else
where. Cerebro-spinal meningitis has ap
peared among the cattle in the vicinity
of Jamaica, L I. One farmer has lost
several cows by that disease, and several
other cases are reported as likely to ter
minate fatally.
The wheat crop of 1869 was 287.000.000
bushels ; that of 1871, 230,000,000 bush
els ; while that of the present year will
be, it is expected, 220,000,000 bushels.
The crop of 1869 was much above the
aveiage.
Mr. Williams, a gentleman of great
experience, says : " People expect great
er results than they should in purchas
ing eggs for hatching, lhe breeder,
however much experience he may have,
may not mate up his breeding pens as
they should be, and hence every bird
may not be perfect."
Hens' nests should be made by placing
in the bottom of the nest-basket or box
a cut turf and a shovelful of dry earth,
or ashes : on this place short straw, first
hollowing out the earth in the shape of
a nest. A more even temperature is
obtained for the eggs than in straw
nests alone. Such nests are particu
larly adapted for .early setting, when
the weather is cold.
More Chinese Ingenuity.
A company of Chinese have been en
gaged the present season in catching
mountain trout lrom Jjake lanoe, and
have supplied a large proportion of the
dainty fish brought to this market.
Lately, however, the prohts ot second
dealers have been rendered precarious,
in conseauence of the tendency of
mountain trout to feed on such innu
tritious substances as scrap-iron. The
railroad spikes, rail-clamps, etc., found
in the stomachs of these fish are of
modern pattern, precisely similar to
those used on the Central Pacific rail
road, and as the trout do not come
ashore in pursuit of such diet, it is pre
sumed that the Chinese engaged in
their capture know some explanation
of the mvsterv. The fish sell at 35
cents per pound, and it is not uncom
mon to find in some of the specimens
pieces of iron weighing as much as the
fish itself. Dealers in the city are now
compelled to make a careful inspection
of shipments from Lake Tahoe before
crediting them at current rates. San
Francisco (Jhronxcle.
A Copperhead Snake in a Lady's
Clothes.
4
A few davs since. Miss Sarah McNab-
ney, daughter of James McNabney, of
Concord township, seated herseit on a
fence near her father's house. Shortly
after, she felt very sick and went to the
house and vomited very freely. She dis
robed herself for bed. She then walked
out upon the porch anl unloosed the
garments next to her person, wnen out
leaned a large snake. Her screams
brought her father to the spot. He
killed the snake and threw it upon the
roof. In the morning ho examined if,
and found it to bo of the copperhead
species, about three feet long. Miss
McNabnev had no intimation of the
presence of the snake, and it is wonder
ful that it could work itself into the in
tricacies of her garment without her
knowledge. It did not reach her per
son, or it would certainly have bitten
her causing probably fatal results.
Chillicolhe (O.) 'Advertiser.
It is estimated that the pending Pre
idential campaign, in all its bearings
and ramifications, will involve an outlay
Ot $60,UU0,0UU.
Foreign Gossip.
Thirty-one wagon loads of gold lately
arrived at Paris, by railway, for the
Rothschilds.
Pauline Lucca is a baroness, has a
husband living, and two beautiful,
golden-haired children.
Queen Victoria's head gardener,
George Fitzroy Rose, recently died,
and had a large and imposing funeral.
They now say the Pope's illness is
only a sham, and that he is really as
gay and vigorous as he was in middle
lite.
The King of Denmark has offered a
prize of one thousand dollars for the best
history of the United States of America
since the civil war.
The Jardin des Plantes, in Paris, is to
be replenished, after the havoc caused
by the exigencies of the Prussian siege,
with the spoils of Wombwell's royal
menagerie, which was recently sold at
auction in Edinburgh.
The vacant lot where the last massa
cre ot hostages occurred during La
Commune, has been bought by an asso
ciation which intends to build there a
memorial chapel and an old men's re
treat. According to the Bombay Gazette the
heat has been as exceptionally great in
some parts of India as it has in New
York, the thermometer ranging from
110 to 115 in the shade.
Or the thirteen and one-half millions
of producers in England, eleven and
one-half millions receive as wages, on
the average, only $150 a year.
In the recent trial of Du Bourg, in
Paris, for the murder of his wife, all
the bachelors on the jury were chaU
lenged.
Notwithstanding the conspicuous po
sition which President Thiers occupies
at the present time, it is said that less
copies ot his works are sold now in
Jb ranee than at any time during the
past twenty-five years.
Some of the best wool known to com
merce is brought from New - south
Wales, where the English statistics
how us there are over sixteen millions
sheep, and the number increasing. - '
The papers of Russia very freely dis
cuss educational matters in that coun
try, taking the most liberal views
as to its universal diffusion. The impe
rial budget embraces 9,500,000 for edr
ucational purposes.
The Turkish Sultan, they say at Con
stantinople, is, in reality, an illegitimate
son of his predecessor ; and it is very
questionable if, under the Ottoman
laws, he has any right whatever to the
Turkish throne.
A Berlin physician recently tried to
dissever the bodies of two twin-girls
grown together like the Siamese Twins.
One of the girls survived the operation
one day, and the other lingered for three
days.
A professional tea-taster, in England,
recently met with an accident on a
railway by which his sense of taste was
impaired, thereby injuring his business
capacity, and a jury has awarded him
1,000 damages.
The proposed visit of the Emperor of
Austria to Berlin is the subject of con
siderable gossip in the Austrian and
German capitals. It is regarded as the
natural consequence ot the meeting at
Ischol and Salzburg last year. Since
1866 there has been a coolness between
the two Kaisers, which was in part
cleared up by the meeting of 1871. The
visit of Francis Joseph to Berlin this
year will complete the work of recon
ciliation begun last fall.
The Paris correspondent of the New
York World says Buffon's brains have
just been placed in front of Buffon's
statue at the zoological Museum ot tne
Garden of Plants. Voltaire's heart -is to
be seen in a silver case in the Imperial
Library. The vertebro of the spine of
Archbishop Afire, of Paris, who was
killed on the barricades ot .1 une, 1848,
are to be seen in Notre Dame. Several
portions of St. Vincent de Paul's body
aie to be found in the Lazarists' Con
vent, Rue de Sevres. The skeleton of
the Arab who assassinated Kleber is on
view in the Garden of Plants. Scarron's
skull may be seen inSt.Severin Church.
Moliere's jaw is in the Hotel de Cluny.
England is growing richer and richer
every year. lhe gross revenue ol the
United Kingdom lor the fiscal year
ending June 30 was nearly $30,000,000
more than any one expected it would
be that is, it was 76,266,038, in place
of 70,472,409, and this increase was in
spite of a number ot reductions ot
taxes. Never was England so prosper
ous as she now is; never was trade so
great, wages so -high, and money bo
plenty.
In the different countries of Europe
there are the following number of thea
ters : Italy has 348, France, 337, Spain
168. England 150. Australia 152, Ger
many 101, Russia 44, Belgium 34, Hol
land 33, Switzerland 20, Sweden 10,
Norway 8, Portugal 16, Denmark 10,
Greece 4, Turkey 4, Roumama 3, fer-
via 1. It is rather extraordinary to see
in this list how much larger, in propor
tion to the inhabitants, the number ol
theaters are in Italy and France than in
other countries. It is a significant com
ment uoon the temperament of the
people.
Credulous Englishmen.
Before-all the great English races the
naners Bwarm with the advertisements
of rogues, who promise to send the
name of the winner to any one who
wishes to Dei on a sure toing. uo
cost of this valuable information varies
from one to twenty penny stamps
Gudgeons bite readily at this bait, and
vearlv throw away thousands of pounds
in presents to these sharpers, and tens
of thousands in laying wagers on the
horses thev are told will win. J ust be
fore the last Derby an English gentle
man inclosed the requisite amounts to
a dozen of these advertisers, and re
ceived assurances that nearly as many
horses were sure to distance the field
Thev were all beaten. He has pub
lished his experience in All the Year
Mound, as a warning to the credulous
public.
ALWAYS " hard pressed"—Bricks.
Ninety in the Shade.
Oh for a lodge in a garden of encumbers: .-
Oh for an iceberff or two to control ;
Oh for a vale which at mid-day the dew cam
bers ;
Oh for a pleasure trip up to the pole I
Oh for a little one-etory thermometer.
With nothing but teros all ranged in a row :
Oh for a big double-barreled hydrometer.
To measure the moisture that rolls from my ,
brow I . .
Oh that this cold world wa twenty times colder
(That's irony red-hot. it seemeth to met) ; '
Oh for a tnrn of its dreadful cold shoulder;
Oh what a comfort an ague would be 1 m
i ;
Oh for a grotto to typify heaven i ' "' ' -
Scooped in the rock, under cataract wate ;
Oh for a winter of discontent, even ;
Oh for wet blankets, judiciously east. . '
k ' ' '
Ah for a soda-fountain spouting p boldPy.
Frem every hot lamp-post against the hot sky:
Oh for a proud maiden to look on me coldly, . t
Freesing my soul with a glance of her eye. '
Oh for a draught from a cup of cold pisen 1
And Oh for a resting place in the oold ground, i
With a bath in the Sux. where the deep shadowy
lies on. - - '-
And deepens the chill of its dark running
wave.
Varieties.
Flash language Telegrams. . r
Scotland's brightest light Burns.
Irony To ask a hardware merchant
the price of cast-steel soap. ' ''"
What is the most dangerons kind 'of
an of assassin? A man who takes life',
cheerfully.
Killing Indians in some parts of the .
West is considered justifiable Sioux-
icide. '. m' . ' -
A secret has been defined as "any
thing made known to everybody In-- J
whisper." -"- '
A man up in New Hampshire named
his two children Ebenezer , and Flora i '
he always speaks of them as Eb and.,
Flo very tidy nicknames. ' '' " " '
A torsion medical journal remarks -that
the most warlike nation in modern .
times is vaccination, because it is al
ways in arms. .vJ i! '
A minister who thought that report- -,
ing sermons was all vanity, afterward t
concluded that, if the thing must'bei
done, it should be well done, and sljp- .
ped a greenback .into the reporter's .
hand, saying, " Do not condense me,1.' '
. A Human Life Preserver. You
saved my life at the battle of Malvern v
Hill," said a beggar to a Captain.
" Saved your life I How 7" " I served ,
under you, and when you. ran way I,,
followed."
u Where are you' going so fast, Mr. '
Smith ?" demanded Mr. Jones. " Home,
sir, home; don't detain me; .1 have
just bought my wife a new bonnet, and
I must deliver it .before - the fashion ;
changes."
Wit is a baby like a sheaf of wheat ?
Because it is first cradled, and then
thrashed, and finally becomes the flow
er of the family.
A returned Australian i found the '
baby he left at home a miss of five sum- .;
mers. One day. he offended her, and
she fretfully exclaimed, " I wish you
had never married into our family."
The following composition has been
turned out by an American scholar, ;
aged nine years : " A boy without a
father is a norphan, without a mother a t
double norphan, but is oftenist without t
grandfather or grandmother, and then
he is a norpnanist. : -
" I am afraid, Madam, that pepper is
half peas," said a boarder to his land
lady, as he replaced the pepper-box in
the castor, lhe landlady inaignanwy .
denied the imputation, and said he ,
didn't know good pepper from poor.
That mav be so." replied the boarder,
"but I'll prove to you that what I said .
is true. P-e-p pep, p-e-r per only six
letters in the word, and half of them. T
arep'sl"; ; .
A father was winding his watch when
he said playfully to his little girl : -
"Let me wind up your nose." "Ho,:' ;,
said the child, " I don't want my nose
wound up, for I don't want it to run
allday." ;. ;'idi ! : :-
At a recent examination the question i t
was asked why the children ot Israel ,
made a golden calf and worshiped it ai"-' '
. f i i j i -1 i
ter they had been loroiaaen sucn luoiar ,
try by Moes. A precocious little fel
low sharply answered, -uecause tney -
had not enough of gold to make a bull ,
with." The laughter which followed1
ut a stop to the examination - for that '
ay. - . , : .
The newest charm is in the form of a
compass, and about the size of a cent. .
The oldest charm is in the form of an '
encompass, and about the sighs of ;
assent.
A man in Jefferson City, Ma, who had -
stolen a kiss from a school-girl, was
fined by a magistrate, horse-whipped
by the big brother, and scratched bald- -headed
by his own wife. , . : r . . 4 .
A clergyman in a Lawrence church,
on a recent occasion discovered, after
commencing she service, . tnat.ne naa .,
forgotten his notes. As it was too late
to send for them, he said to his audi J" -ence,
by the way of apology, that ithisj )
morning he Bhould have to depend
upon the Lord for what he might tay, ' '
but in the afternoon he would come bat-. '
ter prepared. r ., ,-. ' i
A number of bones of an immense ,
size have been discovered three- miles'
north of Rio Vista, Cal. . They were, i
found in an adobe formation under-,
neath a stratum of rock four feet thick.
One of the vertebrae of the neck is 24 t
inches in circumference. A tooth weighs
10J pounds, its grinding surface being
10x4 inches, and its circumference 20
inches.
A one-legged ' Welsh orator, named
Jones, was pretty successful in banter-
ing an Irishman, wnen the latter asK
ed him, " How did you- come to lose
your leg?", "Well," said Jones, "on x
examining my pedigree, and looking up
my descent, 1 lound there was some -Irish
blood in me, and becoming con-
vinced that it was settled in that left
leg, I had it cut off at once." ," Be the
powers," said Pat, " it would have been
a deuced good thing if it had only set- -tied
in your head.".
Wbis old Carlo sits by Sally's chair,
Ohl don't I wish that I was there I . i :
When her fairy fingers pat his headC
Oh 1 don't I wish 'twas me inHtead 1
W hen Sally's arms his neck imprison I
Oh I don't I wish my neck was his'n U
When Sally kisses Carlo's nose.
Oh 1 don't I wish that I were those I

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